The Austin Daily Herald from Austin, Minnesota on December 24, 1958 · Page 16
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The Austin Daily Herald from Austin, Minnesota · Page 16

Austin, Minnesota
Issue Date:
Wednesday, December 24, 1958
Page 16
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ly DAVE OWEN Under \Haystack Highway Tok« 10 Quarter Sections of land From Mowtr County Farms two STJUM Of eworete big through Mow*t County will take more land out of production tittn the Soil Bank. Th« two ttHps of coftcrtt* are «h« SS miles of the Interstate fflihwty ijrstem that eut southwestward from High Forest to Dexter and then west through Austin. This highway system will take 10 quarter • sections of land in Mower County and millions of acres across the country. Highway planners found it takes 29 acres a mile, 40 acres for each diamond interchange and 160 acres for a clover • leaf interchange, tn Mower County there are 35 miles of highway and 10 diamond interchanges. THE EFFECT of the highway on farm production is being considered in a long-range study of land 'use being made by the Soil Conservation Service and the Extension Service. ', Last year, a survey on 60 county farms was made to find the type of ; land use on each soil type. This information will be projected to -find the land use for all soil types *' in the county and then a land use projection for 1975 will be" made. : "We know the loss of 1,600 acres •will affect our land production in -five years," County Agent Don Hasbargen said, "and if the pattern in other areas follows, more land will be used for residential building along the freeway and taking still more land from production." ,1 Already, houses are sprouting "where corn and hay once grew as ?lhe highway goes through Austin. DEADLINES FOR crop loans under the ASC program mean the • loans must be in process by those »dates, so it's advisable to get in v a week or so before the cutoff date. I THE ANDERSONS, Oscar and I Sons, are continuing their winning ' ways. Winners of National Barrow "Show honors here for many years, •the Poland China breeders took the International honors and then topped this with a win in the : Pennslyvania show. *; SALES OF HOG College grada ales are planned by the Minnesota and Iowa test station. The Iowa sales, in the 4-H barn at 'Nevada, Iowa, will be at 1 p.m. ; Jan. 15, Feb. 5 and Feb. 19. The Minnesota sale, at New Ulm, will • be at 2p.m. Jan. 27. r CARCASS QUALITY was used tin the selection of Iowa's master swine producers this year. ; Each hog producer was asked to 4-H Member of the Week • Bread and pie baking are two of the talents of 16-year-old Kae ; Pater, the Dexterous 4-H Club -Member of the Week. . Kae, the daughter of Mr. anc Mrs. Art Pater, Dexter, has been among the top five , bread and pie demonstrators for two years and has won State Fair trips on both dem; onatrations. < Kae's projects are food preparation, bread, cloth* ,". ing and junior ; leadership and "she helps teach Kae the beginners in food preparation and bread. ; In her seven years in 4-H, Kae • has been a junior leader for three, secretary twice and treasurer of the club. She also was elected the club's queen two years and an at- 4 tendant once. • Outside of 4-H, Kae sings in the 'Dexter Meethodist Church choir ' sad teaches Sunday School, She , hasn't missed a Sunday for fiv< ; years, a record in itself. At Elk "ton High School, Kae belongs tc the Pep Club and is a majprette. a 10-hcf mmpk wWch tere evaluated by • packing houn of tht producers choice. Th« packer's reports and gain and litter 1 KM data were used In selecting lowa'l top 10 hog producer!. AND FROM Under the Ray- stack, may we add our voice to h§ chorus of Season's Greetings and Joyeux Noel. Area Students Hold Offices in 4-H Group Marlys Dammann, Elkton, Laura Duerst, Lyle, and Robert Suther- and, Hayfield, have been elected officers of the University of Minnesota Agriculture Extension club. Mist Dammann, home economics freshman, is the new secretary, Miss Duerst, home economics sophomore, is publicity chairman, and Sutherland, treasurer. Other officers are: president, David Sand, Cokato; vice president, Kenneth Neeser, St. Cloud; program chairman, Mary Winter, Redwood Falls^tong leader, Susanne Graham, Roberts, Wis.; and sergeant at arms, Robert Krcil, Qlencoe. The Agriculture Extension club i a social and educational organization for active and former 4-H members. 4-H LAMBS — Francis and Jim Lightly hold one of the project lambs. The boys, and sister Sally, have 105 western lambs on feed in a Freeborn County 4-H pro- feet. This is the fifth'year the Lightlys have fed lambs-. Lightlys Feed 4-H Project Lambs The baa of sheep resounds a round the Francis Lightly farm, east of Oakland. Mixed with the oink of the pigs, the moo of the cows, and the chirp of chickens and the bark- Ing of dogs, it is a chorus of farm Let's Visit With Carol Pinney County Home Agent You Con Ktop Christmas Plants Blooming POINSETTIAS AND other Christ- sunshine and a night temperature mas plants will continue to give a festive touch to your home over a long period if you give them proper care. C. G. Hard, extension horticulturist at the University of Minnesota, gives three rules to keep in mind to prolong the bloom of Christmas flowering plants: Keep the plants in sun or in bright light. Water them when the soil is dry to touch, using water of room temperature. Keep them out of drafts and avoid temperature changes. The poinsettta especially is sensitive to drafts and temperature changes. Since a tropical plant, it should not be exposed to night temperatures lower than 60 degrees F. Yellowing and dropping of the foliage and bracts or ?etals may be caused by poor light, drafts, sudden temperature changes or irregular watering. Water the plant immediately if it begins to wilt. PO not allow the soil to become bone dry. Cylamen will tolerate cooler night temperatures than the poinsettia — down to a minimum of 50 degrees F. High night temperatures, low light intensities or both will cause leaves to turn yellow and flower buds to blast. Allowing the soil to get dry will cause yellowing of the'foliage. Keep the soil moist but avoid getting waer in the crown or it may rot Christmas begonia will bloom indefinitely if it is kept in sun or bright light. Water when the soil appears dry, but do not keep the soil wet constantly. Christmas cactus prefers full pound of cure." of 60 to 65 degrees F. Low light intensities or high temperatures may cause bud drop. BEFORE YOU launder the table linen you used during the noli days, it's a good idea to look it over carefully and remove all the stains first. Remember that hot soapsuds and the heat of an iron will set many spots. Extension clothing specialists at the University of Minnesota give these suggestions for removing some common stains: Cranberries and black coffee Stretch the stained area over a bowl and pour boiling water through it. Gravy or meat juice. Sponge with cold or lukewarm water. I: a grease spot remains, launder in warm, soapy water. Colored c a n d v l e wax. Scrape away as much wax as possible with a dull knife. Place the stain between clean white blotters cleansing tissue or paper towels and press with a warm iron changing blotters as they become soiled. Then sponge with carbon tetrachloride or other grease sol vent. If a color stain remains sponge with liquid made up 1 par denatured, alcohol and 2 parts wa ter. YOU CAN save yourself time and tears over a good linen cloth spotted with red candle wax by purchasing dripless candles. Colored candle wax is difficult to remove — and in this case, "an ounce of prevention is worth ,a noises which points up the diver- pasture where they started. The sification of Lightly's farming busl- Lightlys use a hay bunk for free ncss - choice feeding of hay and feed "There's a little bit of every- bunks for the grain.The water tank thing here," Lightly said, "1 have everything but lambs and the children have those." The lambs are part of a western lamb feeding program carried on through Freeborn County 4-H. This is the fifth year the Lightlys have taken part in the program. Bought 105 Lambs Last September, they purchased 105 lambs, brought to Albert Lea from western ranges. Jim, a senior at Austin High, has 45 lambs, and Francis, a ninth grader at Ellis, and Sally, a sixth grader at Oakland, each have 30. When the lambs arrived, average weight 60 pounds, the Light- lys put them on pasture for a few weeks and then shifted them to a corn-oats and hay ration with au- reomycin to fight overeating. This is the first year Lightlys have used aureo. In other years they vaccinated. Now the lambs are on a corn- oats ration as they don't need the oats, Jim explained. Some of the bigger lambs weigh 90 pounds and the flock will be marketed at an average weight of 100 pounds. Sell When Ready "Last year we sold them as they reached market and I guess we will do the same this year," Jim added. "There is a Carcass contest at Wilson's and awards to those who made the best gams and had the best quality." Jim won one of the top honors a, few years ago, ' The lambs run in a lot, near a shed, which is adjacent to the FARM CALENDAR THURSDAY Merry, Christmas. FRIDAY is electrically heated. No Extra Heat The lambs are old enough to stand the elements when brought to the farm, so the shed provides enough protection and no auxiliary heat is needed, Jim explained. The younger Lightlys are following their father's trail — he fed lambs until a few years ago when he decided to shift from lambs to veal. The shift was made when the Oakland Creamery closed. Lightly had 15 Milking Shorthorns in the barn and took another look at the dairy business. Feeds Veal Calves He could continue milking and find another outlet, he could disperse the erd, or he could go into another business — veal calves. For Lightly the veal calve enterprise proved to be the best solution. He buys Holsteins from dairy farmers and lets them run With the cows twice a day. ''I tried several breeds and found Holsteins were the best," he said. "Several dairymen' call me up when they have a calf to sell and I buy them sight unseen from dairymen I did business with for some time now." Sell at 240 Pounds The calves are four to five days old when Lightly buys them and plete the livestock inventory, except for the three dogs around the farmstead. Soil Banked Land Lightly has 240 acres in two farms. His oldest son, John, lives on the other place. Most of the land goes into corn, 125 acres of it last year, with 25 acres in oats and 40 acres in soybeans. The rest is in hay and pasture land. "I put some land in the one- year Soil Bank last year," he explained. "It worked out all right for me." When the new Interstate Highway is cut through, Lightly's will loose 20 acres from the other farm, but the land is at the bottom of the section and won't divide the farm. Lightly is one of many Lightlys in the Oakland area, settled 104 years ago by their family. "And you know, I never heard of any Lightlys any where else," he said. Expect Corn Support Near $1.04 - $1.07 Corn support prices on the 1959 crop — the first crop in 25 years to be grown without a governor on the production throttle — have weigh between 180 and 240 pounds!™ the P rod uction throttle - have when he sells them, six weeks'f een set natlonallv but not local- old. The selling time depends oni y ! the veal market. The veal are a fast turnover item for Lightly. He keeps them nursing and sells them about the- time they would go on heavy feed. The feeding of the dairy herd is much the same as when they were kept for milk production. He • stays with a high roughage ration 'and has the cows outside, clean- Nevada 4H rinh KP Mall ' na nas ine cows outslde . clean£± ™1 ' " HaU ',« the corn fields, when the party. Christmas party. MONDAY Silver Maple 4-H Club, Liebenstein 4-H Hall. weather permits. Multiple Farrows "This means I can get away ASC COMMITTIIMIN Approve 12 Conservation Practices for ACP Sharing Twehrt edMetvatton practicw apply before starting the project wer* approved for cost-sharing tm- to be eligible (or coat sharing. ^ ^ ,„,_. „,___ fhe (xm ^ f gjfl^m ^jj tl . locate the available funds on a first-come basil, with the hope farmers will install a complete MnMfvation system in one year, rather than piecemeal installation. The township committeemen sel- der the ' agricultural Conaerta tion Program by the township A9C committeemen Friday. The county has been allocated $143,510 tor tin 1989 program, the third highest In Minnesota. Allocation increases are based on the number of permanent practices put into effect in the proceeding year, Kenneth Sprau, ASC office manager, explained. Mower County had a 400 per cent increase in permanent practices last year. Approved practices for 1989: Pasture seeding and renovation, $3 and $4 cost share. Liming, minimum two tons per acre, $1.35 a ton. Strip cropping, $2.50 an acre. Trees and orchards, site preparation, 80 per cent up to $12 an acre; $2.50 per 100 trees planted. Trees, wind and water erosion control (shelterbelte), $2.50 per 100 trees. Sod waterways, up to 80 per cent of cost and $20 acre for seed bed preparation, seed and seeding. Sod bed lead-in to concrete soil conservation structures, $5 an acre for seed bed preparation, seed and seeding. Terracing, $2.50 per 100 lineal feet. Drop spillways and inlets, 80 per cent of cost excluding forms. Open ditching to carry surface water and tile outlets. Tiling, $1.25 per rod. Green manure, $1 per acre. Need and practibility of permanent practices must be determined by the Soil Conservation Service, Sprau said. Farmers must ected tna practices from th* list of approved practices for Minnesota. Joining in the selection were the Development Group, composed of the Soil Conservation District chairman, SCS technician, FHA administrator, county %xten- sion agent and the county ASC committee. Deadlines Near on Sealing 1958 Crops Farmers have only a few more weeks in which to apply for loans or purchase agreements on most of their 1958 grain and related crops, Parker Goodsell, Mower County ASC chairman, said today. Jan. 31, 1959, is the deadline for obtaining price supports on wheat, barley, grain sorghums, oats, rye, soybeans and flaxseed and May 31 on corn. Since Jan. 31 is a Saturday, the deadline will be extended to Feb. 2. Mower County loan rates and eligibility standings on 1958 commodities are: CORN — No 3 or better on all factors other than, moisture and test weight and corn must be No. 3 or better on damage, 14 per cent or less moisture and No. 4 or better on test weight when delivered. Compliance corn is supported at $1.28 and nod. compliance corn, 98 cents, Reseating deadlines on older crops depend on the loan maturity and it is wise to check with the ASC in advance of the maturity. BARLEY - Loans at 9* cents a bushel for No. 2 or better (except mixed barley) with discounts for lower grades down to No. 5-or No. 5 garlicky. , OATS — Supported at 87 eents a bushel for No..S; premiums for higher quality; discounts for garlicky, SOYBEANS — Loans at $2.04 per bushel for No. 3 or better, green and yellow. Premium for low moisture; discounts for gradt and quality factors below No. 1 through No. 2. Soybeans containing more than 14 per cent moisture are ineligible. FARM NEWS 16-AUSTIN (Minn) HERALD Wednesday, Dee. $4, '31 LARGE CROWD — Township ASC committeemen filled Liebenstein 4-H Hall Friday when the ACP practices for 1959 were discussed. Harold Brekke, Stewartville, district fieldman, said it was one of the largest meetings' in his 13-counry area. Seated in left front are the office staff members who received awards in the national office efficiency program. Nationally, the price support will be 90 per cent of the average market price for the past three; years. The average prices has been between $1.12 and $1.15 a bushel. Under the old program, Mower County was eight cents below the national average, so Kenneth Sprau, ASC office manager, estimated the new support will be between $1.04 and $1.07 here. However, this is an unofficial estimate, he pointed out. With the change in corn pro- Four Township Farm Bureau !f ""i Z , wa " t . to '" Li e htlv "mark- grams, the commercial corn grow- PWm " U ' to ^ aUon Racine Town Hall, Christmas j He raises about 100 hogs a year, which he sells outright when ready. TUESDAY The.hogs are cross-breds, Ches- Ramblers 4-H Club, Re- i ter White-Yorkshire - Hampshire mixed. Lightly farrows four crops a year in farrowing stalls. The chickens, 500 of them, com- bert King home, Christmas, party. WEDNESDAY Happy New Year. Fall Weather Ideal for Late Maturing Crops rTrKYVe DOUBLED UP I ON CHRISTMAS JOY THEY USE OUR <5AS FOR HEAT- OH, BOY/ Fall weather which was ideal for maturing and harvesting late planted crops climaxed an unusually favorable 1958 crop season, and total production is second highest of record, according to the Crop and Livestock Reporting Service. The 1958 crop production index, at 130 per cent of the 1947-49 average, is second only to the 1956 tonnage index of 132. All major crop groups — feed grains, food grains and oilseeds —are well above average, with total feed grain production (corn, oats and barley) a new record. It is noteworthy that this year's large production was attained even though an extended period of dry weather in the southwest quarter of the state sharply reduced yields of corn, soybeans and hay in many localities within that area. Storm losses were rather severe hi several west central counties, but not significant on the State level. Damage from insects and disease was relatively minor. Corn Retarded Cool, wet weather during June and July retarded development of corn, particularly in central and west central districts. However, despite the likelihood of extensive front damage due to late development, nearly all of the state's corn for grain matured without serious loss as frost held of/ beyond the usual data of first occurranc*. Per acre yields were variable within the commtfcW corn are*, due to drought in the southwest and the generally backward wea Uur Mrijr in th* which had its greatest affect in central and west central counties. Harvesting progressed rapidly during October and nearly all of the corn bad been picked by mid-November. Quality of this year's crop averaged only fair to good, due to drought damage and late development. Total production is estimated at 312,448,000 bushels, five per cent less than last year's near-record crop, but 23 per cent above the 10-year aveage. Per acre yield, at 54.5 bushels, compares with 56.5 bushels in 1957 and the average of only 46.4 bushels. Soybean Yields Low Soybean development was also slowed by cool weather, and yield per acre is well below most recent years. Drought in the southwest was a further significant factor in reducing yield. However, even though per acre yield Js below average, production is the second largest of record as acreage harvested for beans is well above the previous high. October weather was ideal for harvesting, and nearly all of the crop was combined by November l, about the normal date for completion of harvest. Production is estimated it S3,- 835,000 bushels, two per cent below the 1957 record crop, but twice at large as the 10-year average. The 3,082,000 acres harvested for beans is 21 per cent above 1957. . Pfliaia Harvest Good I large volume of good quality! potatoes was harvested by late October in the main producing Red j River VtlUy. On* to the favorable outturn for potato growers was in southern Clay county, where heavy rains in early Ju]y drowned out a large potato acreage and reduced the set in many fields. A substantial quantity of this year's fall potato crop is being diverted to livestock feed and production of starch and flour under the Government diversion program. Total production of fall potatoes is estimated at 10,530,000 hundredweight, 40 per cent above last year's disappointing crop and 25 per cent above average. Sugar beet production is estimated at 883,000 tons, five per cent above last year's pervious record of 840,000 tons. The 10- year average is only 585,000 tons. The cool weather and frequent rains during June and July which hindered corn and soybean development were ideal for small grains, an<J per acre yields for spring wheat, winter wheat, oats, area is eliminated and all corn grown in the United States is eligible for price support. There are no acreage allotments or restrictions, no measurements and no work reports. Next year, farmers can seal all the corn, produced, if it meets quality requirements. The price will he based on the average market price, down to 65 per cent of parity. Allotments will be in effect on T • '"O " »»»»»»K| rf 4*>*wi o iiv-ub, UClliO i barley and flax were well above \ ^l^^T 56 ™**™ . Reserv , e previous records. Only rye failed to exceed a long standing record established in 1924 when the crop was grown on land with a much higher yield potential and acreage was over ten times the 1958 total. While per acre yields of small grains were unusually high, production was well below record levels due to smaller acreages. Quality as well as yield is excellent this year. Oats Very High The oat crop of 211,464,000 bushels is 26 per cent above last year, 14 per cent greater than average, and the first 200 million bushel crop since 1952. Although yield per acre, at 54' bushels, is nine bushels above the previous record set in 1945, production is well below the high of that year, as acreage has declined sharply since 1954. Soil Bank contracts remain in effect. The Soil Bank closed in October with 31 farms enrolled. Four were continuing contracts and 27 new enrollments. What About Buildings in Path of Highway? (Second of Two Articles) What choices does a farmer have if a building of his is in the "right of way "-being acquired for a new highway? Suppose there are encumbrances in the property? And what access will farmers have to property cut off from the farmstead by such a highway? These questions are dealt with this week in accordance with statements by E. J. Rowland, Minnesota Department of Highways engineer. If a building is located in the newly-acquired right of way, the' owner can keep possession of it if he prefers, but he must agree to! remove it in a specified period of; time. Payment for removing thei building for the particular land' and property. In any case, the to- j tal payment will be no more than! the fair market value of the property. If the owner doesn't keep the building, it will be taken over by the state and sold on sealed bids to persons who must remove it within the set period. When there is an encumbrance such as a mortgage, on the property in the right of way, the payment is still the same as it would be if no encumbrance existed. However, the person holding the conventional highways, crossovers are installed during consutruction according to what requirements warrant. On divided four-lane highways which are not part of the Interstate System, grade crossings may or may not be permitted, depending on safety requirement as determined by the state. Within rights of way for the Interstate Highway system, there will be no grade crossings between tracts of a farm separated by that highway. Travel between the mortgage is also named as a payee j separated tracts can be only over along with the owner and others j existing public roads or in some who have claims to the property.,cases by frontage roads with Whether the farmer will have crossing to the opposite side of access to property on the other the new highway only by means side of the new highway depends! of grade separations over or be- on what type of route it is. On I low the Interstate highway. PURE PEP ft PUBELUBE MOTOR OIL Prompt Tank Wagon Service For Bilk Gsi and Fuel Oil BE SURE Pi WITH PURE PROH1 HE 3*2089 KOWEB COUNTY OIL CO. 1202 I UOWNSOAy AVI., AUSTIN, MINN. Thank You ... for accepting our invitation ... for expressing a genuine Interest in a bigger and better future for the egg industry of our growing Midwest. It wa» a pleasure to be your host during Open House of Austin's new push-button layer house December 18, and we invite an/ additional questions you may have on any phase of this operation. AUSTIN SEED GO,, AUSTIN, MINN. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, WRITE: FEEDING: Doughboy Industries, Inc. New Richmond, Wis. EQUIPMENT: Automatic Poultry Feeder Co. Zeeland, Mich. BUILDINGS: Armco Drainage & Metal Products, Inc. Middleton, Ohio SEASON'S GREETINGS To Our Customers and Friends per sow per day farrows stronger, healthier pigs Now test-certified by Anoka Research Farms: Land O'Lakes Sow Balancer "32" feeds unborn pigs through the sow! Supplies every essential nutriejit —plus antibiotics—for pennies. Feed with cheap corn, bring total feeding costs down to \5t i>er sow per day! Order today. Certified for feeding efficiency by Anoka Research farms Land O'Lakes. Sow Balancer "32 $5.05 Per Cwt. LAND O'LAKES INC. Austin, Minn. 313 B. Bridge - HE 3-3070 ROSE CREEK PRODUCE ROM Creek, Minn. HE 7-4204

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