The Daily Journal from Fergus Falls, Minnesota on June 28, 1976 · Page 2
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The Daily Journal from Fergus Falls, Minnesota · Page 2

Fergus Falls, Minnesota
Issue Date:
Monday, June 28, 1976
Page 2
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urnal OPINION PAGE MONDAY, JUNE 28, 1976 City employe rulings receive close scrutiny ntrenOi j»T*iGri|i. C Editorial Comment, ! Equal justice for all • Vengeance against the Watergate offenders doesn't (interest us. But we are interested in equal justice for [ all in this country. i In the case of former Gov. Tim M. Babcock, of • Montana, we can't escape the feeling that equal I justice has not been done. Last December, Mr. [ Babcock pleaded guilty to having concealed the • identity of the donor of $54,000 to former President i: Nixon's 1972 campaign. Subsequently, Federal Judge •; George I. Hart Jr. sentenced him to the maximum of i a year's imprisonment but lifted all but four months •.of the sentence. Judge Hart also fined him $1,000. : Fair enough, but now Judge Hart has ruled that Mr. ;Babcock need not serve any time at all. His rationale •is based on the disposition of the case of the donor, jDr. Armand Hammer, chairman of the Occidental •Petroleum Corp. i The millionaire oilman and art collector had also Ipleaded guilty to three charges of making illegal •contributions to the Nixon campaign. He also admitted having later concealed those contributions by :lying to the Senate Watergate committee. He could •have been sentenced to serve three years in prison, but another judge, taking into consideration his age, 77 and his poor health, let him off with probation and a $3,000 fine. In setting aside the jail sentence imposed on former Gov. Babcock, Judge Hart declared that "it would be a terrible miscarraige of justice to send the agent, the legman, to jail in that circumstance." We recognize the point, but it seems to us that carried to its logical conclusion it would mean that since Mr. Nixon has received a "full, free and absolute" pardon for any crimes he committed or may have committed, all of his legmen, henchmen and bagmen should receive the same, or anyway no more than taps or. the wrist. That is hard to accept. To temper justice with mercy is one thing, but people really should be held . responsible — and expect to be held responsible — for ; their own actions. IWhdt others say POST, FREDERICK, MD. LOWER TAXES CAN SAVE OLD BUILDINGS i A proposed modification of •; the tax laws would bring a .mighty leap forward for , historic preservation, and it has . clear logic on its side. ' • The chances, proposed in ' several bills pending in •Congress, would provide the : same kind of encouragement ': for preservation that the tai : laws now provide for new : construction and for : demolition. Deductions are : allowed for certain costs of • building demolition, and ac. celerated depreciation rates are allowed for some new construction. Further, tax laws encourage removal of old buildings because vacant lots are tared less lhan those with buildings on them. The historic preservation proposals would extend tax benefits to those who want to rehabilitate old buildings. Why not? If we can reward those who build anew, we should provide similar encouragement to those who want to revive the old. Personal Drivers show irrationality By Sydney H. Harris With Arthur Koestler, 1 am forced to believe that there is a kink in the human brain, a bad connection somewhere, that prevents us from acting as human as we know we should. It is easy enough to blame politics, or economics, or whichever institution you want to aim at, for our continuing conflicts and injustices — but although some systems may be better than others, I am convinced that no system will work very well, given that short circuit somewhere in the cerebral cortex. Forgetting the vast problems for the moment, consider a simple condition in modern urban life, which cannot be blamed on political or economic manipulation: the increasingly rotten state of traffic in urban society. It is not the mere density of autos that creates the problem; it is the density of drivers. There is a famous chain- reaction in vehicular traffic. H you cut in or push ahead where you shouldn't, it fouls up the flow, not only in your lanes, but in other lanes, and sometimes at intersections as well. Bad manners in driving are eventually self-defeating for everyone, psychologically as well as physically, for they lead to further bad manners. A motorist treated rudely tends to pass along this rudeness to others. Tempers flare, aggressions multiply, blood pressure rises, and traffic grinds to a halt, as everyone jockeys for position and nobody will give way. It is totally a no- win game. On the other hand, a courteous driver instills good will in others, and makes them readier to extend the same courtesies. This altitude lubricates the whole traffic nattern, and everyone gets Sere faster and in a better mood. These are indisputable ficU agai-1 psychologically as much as physically. Yet...yet....we know this abstractly, but we do not follow it in concrete situations; and, of course, I am as guilty as the next man when I am at the wheel and not behind the typewriter. Rationally, I am aware that considerateness on the road is not merely gracious but is actually in my highest self-interest — but under the pressure, I revert to a prerational form of creature, seeking <inminar.ce, or at least equality, when I should be setting an example. Traffic is polite in small communities, where everybody knows one another, but that is not a true test. It is in anonymity, driving among strangers, that our emulative instincts come into play — the same instincts that make us irrational about politics and religious creeds and, ultimately, going to war against a stranger. Where do we begin to break this cycle? By The Aticcitted Prat Some American cities and states are beginning to take a new look at tl«ir relations with the people who work for them after three recent U.S. Supreme Court decisions. The nigh court has given local governments the authority to force their workers to live in town, curb overtime pay and decide against negotiating with police unions. The impact of the court rulings was seen first after the decision that a city can require its employes to live within its borders. Washington, Dallas and Austin, Tex., are among the cities Humphrey sees ticket with Reagan MINNEAPOLIS (AP) - Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey predicts that President Ford will receive the presidental nomination at the Republican National Convention but that he will need former California Gov. Ronald Reagan for a strong ticket. "If President Ford squeaks through I think he will need Reagan to give any kind of strength to his ticket," Humphrey said. "Its my judgment that before it's all over Mr. Ford and Mr. Reagan will be on the ticket," the Minnesota Democrat saidSaturday."Thatis,ifFord is the winner. I believe that if Reagan is the winner, he will not be with Ford." Humphrey said, "I think the Democrats ought to gear up for that because I think it'll be a real tough ticket." Flu vaccine fund help is sought SALT LAKE CITY (AP) Public health officials who will administer the swine flu vaccine say they need more federal help and may ask for voluntary donations to pay for the nationwide immunization program. Dr. J. Brett lazar, president of the National Association of County Health Officials, said public health doctors throughout the country' appear to support the program but are concerned about the cost in manpower and money. County officials estimate federal grants will pay about one- sixth of the cost to local governments of administering the vaccine. The federal government is paying for the vaccine. County officials, meeting as part of the annual convention of the National Association of Counties, also said they feared liability problems similar to those faced by the vaccine's manufacturers. A convention committee passed a resolution requesting that county and state governments receive a federal guarantee against loss similar to liability insurance sought by manufacturers of the vaccine. The resolution, while supporting the mass immunization program, also appealed to the federal government for full reimbursement of the cost of administering it. Lazar, a Howard County, V.A., health officer, said in an interview that public health clinics might decide to ask for donations. He said that in Maryland the cost to the counties of administering the vaccine has been estimated at 60 cents per shot. Federal law prevents charging an administrative fee. "If those who can afford it give $1 or $2, it will pay for those who cannot," he 'said, adding that some counties will likely ask donations. that moved quickly to get legislation before their city councils demanding that city employes live in town. Washington Councilman Marion Barry said nearly half of the district's workers now live in Maryland or Virginia, which he said deprived the city's economy of $260 million a year. In its 5 to 4 decision Thursday striking down a federal law that extended minimum wage and overtime coverage to an estimated 3.4 million state and local government employes, the court summed up the issue in all three cases. The majority opinion said Congress' power to regulate in- terstate commerce does not authorize it "to force directly upon the states its choices as to how essential decisions regarding the conduct of integral government functions are to be made." The Fair Labor Standards Act presently sets the minimum Vage at (2.30 an hour and bars the practice of giving an employe time off in exchange for working overtime — a practice common among cities and states. The law was passed in 1339 and extended to city and state workers two years ago. Jerry Wurf, president of the 750,000-member American Fed- eration of State, County and Municipal Employes, criticized the court's ruling as a "ludicrous rollback of basic humane protections for 12 million men and women who work for state and local government in this country." The cities and states which brought suit against the law said it would cost more than a {1 billion a year to extend the fair labor provisions to all state and local workers. The National League of Cities and the National Governor's Conference said in a joint statement that the decision "restores the balance to the American federal system and by doing that should result in a healthier relationship among the state, federal and local governments." The possible effects of a Missouri case deckled by the court on Monday were not as clear cut. The court said that police officers can unionize but do not have the right to collective bargaining even though other em- ployes ofacityhavethatright. Laws preventing public em- ploye unions from striking are common and were not an issue in the case. Also, the ruling did not give cities which do negotiate with their employes the right to stop such contract talks. •Merry-Go-Round" The story that took Belles' life By JACK ANDERSON wtthLES WRITTEN I'm i delejjak..Do you clowns know whit time it is?* Congress may stop payroll tax Increases They'll Do It Every Time WASHINGTON (AP) - Congress is preparing a Bicentennial birthday gift for American taxpayers. Both the House and Senate are expected to pass a stopgap measure this week preventing a payroll withholding tax increase from taking effect on Wednesday when tax cuts enacted last year expire. The stopgap measure is being rushed through Congress because action on permanent, long-range legislation extending the nits is nowhere . near completion. If withholding taxes were allowed to rise, it would mean a. $245 tax increase for a family of four earning (6,000 a year; a (204 hike for a couple earning $10,000; a $151 increase for a single person earning $10,000; and $180 for a typical four- member family earning $15,000. Another bill that must be passed before Congress goes on recess Friday for the Fourth of July holiday and Democratic National Convention is an increase in the national debt ceiling. Without the increase, the Treasury would not be able to barrow operating funds for the Marriage not for everyone WASHINGTON, D.C.(AP)To help clarify the principle that "marriage is not for everyone," the evangelical fortnightly, Christianity Today, suggests replacing Mother's and Father's days with two substitutes — Marriage and Family Day and Singles Day. The false assumption that a person is somehow abnormal if remaining unmarried stems "not from the Bible but from our pagan culture," the magazine said. "Paul believed that marriage was second best, and monasticism, despite its excesses, produced positive results." Parents should teach children, the magazine says, that "it is God's will for many people not to marry and that God has many things to be done in the world that are best done by single people." government The House has passed and sent to the Senate a $73-billion increase, to $700 billion. Final congressional action also may occur this week on a compromise $32.5 billion weapons procurement bill. A House- Senate conference committee effect. Committee Chairman Frank Thompson Jr. of New Jersey said he was confident that Democrats on the panel will reverse the vote and implement the changes. In an attempt to clear out legislation before the recess, the Senate met in an unusual ures. They include $43.3 billion for the Environmental Protection Agency, the Department of Housing and Urban Development and related agencies; $6.3 billion for Interior Department programs and $3.4 billion for military construction. approved the measure on Fri- Saturday session and approved day. JSWwllion in spending meas- The compromise authorizes ~ ' " " --------the Pentagon to go ahead with production of the first three prototypes of the Bl bomber. The Senate had voted to delay a production decision on the Bl until next February so that whoever was elected president in November could make the final decision. But House conferees stood firm in opposing a delay and forced the senators to back down. In another matter, Democratic House leaders are pressing for completion of work before the recess on a package of changes in House payroll and expense account procedures drafted in the wake of the Capitol Hill sex scandal. Defying the wishes of the Democratic caucus, the House Administration Committee voted Friday to turn over the revisions to the full House for action instead of having the committee itself put them into WASHINGTON - Somebody wanted Don Bolles, investigative reporter for the Arizona Republic, out of the way. He was blown up by a remote-control bomb, which had been attached by magnets to the bottom of his car. Before he^died 11 days later, Bolles gasped out the only clues to his murder. "Mafia . . . Emprise. . . They finally got me," he whispered. "John Adamson, find him." The Phoenix police had no trouKe finding John Harvey Adamson, a local dog track figure. He was booked last week for the murder. But the stocky, tough-talking hoodlum was merely the hit man. He had boasted, according to sworn testimony, that he would collect $10,000 for killing the reporter. Who had put out the contract on BoUes? Was the Mafia behind the bombing? What was Bolles trying to say about Emprise? We sent one of our investigative reporters, Larry Kraftowitz, to Phoenix to seek the answers. It would be wrong, we decided, for the crusading Bolles to die in vain. Someone should finish the story he intended to write. Kraftowitz bas now succeeded in retracing Bolles' moves up to the hour he stepped into his bomb-rigged car. Bolles had written about the influx of hoodlums into the Phoenix area, about the growing influence of the crime syndicates. He had taken a special interest in Emprise Corp., a shadowy sports enterprise controlled by Buffalo, N.Y., operators. Bolles had followed the twists and turns of Emprise's operations in Arizona, where it dominated horse and dog racing. Emprise was convicted in federal courts of failure to disclose an interest in a Nevada casino. This led to some complex manipulations, with Emprise stock winding up in Ramcorp Metals, Inc. Both Ramcorp and Emprise later became subsidiaries of Sport- systems, which handles concessions at major sporting events. But whatever the corporate front, the same interests maneuvered to keep control of the racetracks. Bolles wrote, FERGUS JOU RNALCOMPANY Established 1873 Charles Underwood, Publisher George Marotteck, Business MgrvJames Gray, News Ed. Glenn E. Olson, Advertising Nigr. i. 734 Til] Nh« 0*0' r Twenty-five years ago — 1951 1 Youngdahl appointed judge (from the Daily Journal for Jury 2-7,1951) Political repercussions shook Minnesota today following yesterday's nomination of Gov. Luther Youngdahl as a federal district 'fAj^. If the nomination is confirm-? ty tht Senate LL Gov. C. FJmer Anderson of Brainerd, a political "Lone Wolf," will assume Youngdahl's post Senator A. 0. StetvoH of Detroit Lakes will become lieutenant governor. It's the general impression that Senator Hubert H. Humphrey helped Gov. Youngdahl get the appointment to remove him as a passible threat vhen Humphrey seeks re-election. If Humphrey Irishes to run for governor in 19S5 he could do so nitbout resigning his senatorial post. Several Repiblicans have their eyes on the gubernatorial spot. They include st»te Auditor Stafford King, Val Bjornson, state treasurer, and Theodore Christiansen, associate justice and son of a former governor. CHURCHES BUILD ADDITIONS Building permits issued in June amounted to $246,500. They include the Bethlehem Lutheran Church addition far $106,000, the Trinity liitheran Church addition for $72,000 and six new homes. NEW FUNERAL HOME OPENS Formal opening of the new Glende-Miller Funeral Home, 301E. Washington, will be held Friday. It is owned by Evan Glende and Sam Miller. Adolph Johnson is an associate and Paul Milkr, son of Sam Miller, will be a member of the firm. Z1ENUST IN SERVICE Twenty-one men from this area enlisted in the armed forces during June, the recruiting office announced today. Only two enlisted in the Army. The others chose the Air Force. Since July last year 230 men have enlisted through the Fergus Falls recruiting office. JHG for example, about their "cozy relationship" with prominent Arizona politicians. His stories produced some sensational headlines but failed to bring any significant reforms. In frustration, he asked to be taken off the investigative beat about a year ago. He was reassigned to the more humdrum world of the state legislature. But eight days before his death, Bolles received a confidential call from a Plnenix businessman named Fred Porter Jr. It was the same old story again- Porter had vainly sought dog racing permits from the Arizona Racing Commission, which seemed to be in the dutches of the old Emprise gang. - Bolles responded like an old prize fighter hearing the bell He arranged to meet Porter for breakfast on May 28 at the Ramada Inn across from his newspaper offices. Porter described the runaround he was getting from racing officials. Later the same day, Porter received a mysterious phone call from Walter Cheifetz, an attorney for the Emprise- affiliated Ramcorp Metals. The attorney accused Porter of giving the newspaper derogatory information and threatened to sue. Alarmed, Porter called Bolles who swore he hadn't said a word about their breakfast meeting to anyone. He advised Porter to hurry home, pick up his files and bring the. information to him. There was one problem, said Bolles. He had given up investigative reporting and was now covering the legislature for his paper. He asked Porter, therefore, to testify at a legislative hearing. This would give the reporter an excuse to dig into the story. Porter arranged to testily on June 2. Bolles was standing in the rear of the room when Porter arrived. They waved to each other. Witness after witness was called. But Porter never got a chance to testify. Afterward, he headed out after Bolles but was intercepted by an ex-jockey named Keith Nation. Porter put off the jockey and caught Bolles in the press room. The disappointed reporter was filled with the old frustrations. "Fred," he said, "I'm going to wash my hands of this whole thing . . . Emprise has been running the Racing Com-' mission and the legislature for years, and I'm fed up." Porter tried to change his mind. "I'm sorry, I can't help you," saidBolles. "I have to go. I have a meeting at 11:15." At one point, Nation entered the press room and broke into their conversation. As Bolles headed out the door, the jockey detained him for a moment. The angry, frustrated investigative reporter went straight to the Clarendon Hotel, where he expected to meet an informant. The man never kept the 11:15 appointment. At 11: C, Don Bolles crouched into his white Datsun for the last time. Not long afterward, Porter was slugged over the head twice with a pipe. He was spotted, stretched out cold, by a patrol car which called an ambulance. Significantly, Porter's assailant didn't bother to take his gold watch or money clip. Footnote: Kraitowitz contacted several sources to retrace Bolles' last steps. Porter confirmed seeing Bolles the day of his death but refused further comment The Ram- corp attorney told us it would be inappropriate for him to comment because Porter has an applkation pending before the Racing Commission. We made repeated attempts to locate Nation, who is not listed in the telephone book or Racing Commission records. In future columns, we'll report more of the story that Bolles died for.

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