FOUR IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN WEDNESDAY, JULY 28, 1965. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE "The Daily Globe is an independent newspaper, supporting what it believes to be right and opposing what it believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartially." -Linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publisher, 1927-1964. Mrs. Linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher Automation Perils Vastly Overrated On Medieval maps of the world, unexplored areas were often filled in with fanciful drawings of dragons and sea seipents illustrating such warnings as "Here be monsters." As men actually penetrated the unknown iind came face to face with the "monsters," they found they were not so ferocious after all. The same has been true of other imagined dangers drjwn through the ages. One specter that still frightens people but which is slowly losing its terror as welcome to know it is the supposedly job-devouring monster called automation. Indeed, so much has automation become a part of our lives that if all automated equipment in use today were suddenly to disappear, many of our daily activities—particularly in industry and communications and commerce- would grind to a halt and be immensely difficult to start up again. For instance, it is estimated that without automation, it would be necessary to hire all women between 21 and 45 just to process the billions of bank checks that will be circulat- ting by 1970. The only trouble is that no one would be available for the work, because without automated equipment all the women in America would be operating telephone switchboards. As for automation eating away employment, the fact is that in the past four years jobs have been growing at the rate of more than one and a half million a year Much, of this increase has been not in spite of but because of automation, as v it generates new products and new markets and new services This is not to say that there have not been job losses and displacements, labor-management disputes and other problems caused by automation. So far, however, none of them has proved insurmountable in the face of intelligent human planning and co-operation. Crime in D.C. Nearly five months ago in a special message to Congress, President Johnson declared war on crime in America. "We must arrest and reverse the trend toward lawlessness," he declared. "No right is more elemental to our society than the right to personal security, and no right needs more urgent protection." Subsequently it seemed that the sense of urgency had gone out of the program. But the way recently was cleared for .a concerted attack on lawlessness in the area where it is most noticeable and objectionable—the District of Columbia. The President on July 16 signed the District's 1966 appropriations bill and four days later the D.C. Police Department started saturating the capital's peak crime areas with the equivalent of 235 additional policemen. These are patrolmen and detectives who have agreed to work a sixth day at overtime rates of pay. The pilot effort is being watched closely by the President. "I want the best police force in the United States here in this capital of our nation," he stated on July 16, "and I want to make it clear that we are going to have it, 01 some fur is going to fly.'* Serious crime in the District of Columbia has increased 106 per cent in the last eight years. In the 12 months ended June 30, 32,545 serious crimes were reported in the District, an increase of 12.4 per cent over the prior 12 months. The criminal docket in D.C. courts is so crowded that many charges are dropped or reduced in the interest of a quick disposition of a case. President Johnson believes the war on crime in the nation's capital can serve as a model for other cities. It could clear the way for greater federal leadership in law enforcement and administration of justice elsewhere. Nothing less than a dramatic success story is likely to change the prevailing view in Congress—that crime prevention is a state and local matter except where federal law has been violated. Effects of Responsibility It's not so much the danger as the responsibility that makes a man's heart beat faster—if he's a pilot, anyway. That seems to be the message of electrodes taped to the chests of test pilots and astronauts. NASA physicians long ago encountered fantastic increases in the heartbeat rates of X-15 and Mercury astronauts. Later, in a series of flights of high- performance aircraft with two men aboard, it was found that outwardly calm and confident command pilots registered high heartbeat averages while passenger pilots had much lower ones. Thus the assumption that it is the responsibility of command and not clanger alone that accounts for the high rates It is hardly surprising. The possibility of spreading yourself all over the landscape in a research plane or space capsule is one tiling. But being put in charge of umpteen million dollars' worth of taxpayers' money would accelerate anybody's circulation. More than 40 million Americans will camp out this summer. That creates a tents situation. The beauty contest season is reaching its climax and promoters report that everything is in good shape. When we actually land up there, the Man in the Moon will be looking for a handout of our foreign aid. A man with one wife too many isn't necessarily a bigamist. A bride may worslu'p the ground her hubby walks on—until he takes up golf. . A square-shooter will never give you the umaround. Canceling Federal Tax Cut Benefits (Copyright 18(5. r»atur«s iynrileat*. toe.I By lohn Chamberlain The leaks from the White House—and there are leaks when it suits the administration's purposes—begin to mention "phase two" of the Great Society program. According to the prognosis, the prosperity released by continuing federal^tax cuts will generate a steadily augmented total tax take, out of which miracles can be conjured. The soothsayers who compose the President's Council of Economic Advisers are sponsoring the theory that we shall have a trillion dollar economy by 1917, and the government share of this would, of course, be terrific. Even allowing for more and more tax remissions to the individual citizen, this would permit great expenditures by the Great Society for cleaning up our polluted rivers and harbors, for dumping rusty automobile bodies into tlie sea, for subsidizing rents, for paying everybody's doctors' bills, for building new satellite cities, and for giving federal aid to education all the way from pre-kindergarten up to graduate school. Thus the justification for a much biggei federal spending program is being prepared in this last year of the just-short-of-a-hundred- billion budget. The catch in all this is that many state governors and thousands of mayors have Great Society needs of* their own. There are local big budget advocates scattered throughout fifty states, 18,000 municipalities and 17,000 townships, not to mention the scores of special money-eating school, park and fire-fighting districts. With such a universal hunger for tax money, the benefits accruing to the individual from federal income and excise tax cuts are quickly erased by increased levies at the local level. The theory that a trillion-dollar prosperity can be underwritten by the individual spending power released by further federal reductions "in the income tax must reckon with tax jumps everywhere else. In the early nineteen fifties the states and municipalities were spending about half as much as the federal government. But ever since 1955 the state and local levy on the Cross National Product has been catching' up. This year should see the lines meet, with local governments equaling the federal outlay of sixty-eight billion dollars tor goods and services. The Tax Foundation reports that from fiscal 1955 to 1965 federal taxes rose 72 per cent, while state taxes went up 136 per cent and local government taxes 117 per cent. California is upping a $2.9 billion budget to $3.2 billion; Illinois is going from $3.8 billion to $4.3 billion; New York, from $2.9 billion to $3.7 billion; Ohio, from $3.6 billion to $4.1 billion; Texas, from $3.2 billion to $3.6 billion. Tlie trend is the same in the smaller states. There are increases in cigarette taxes, in local gasoline taxes, in general sales taxes, and in state income taxes. The sobering thing about it all is that neither the state nor local governments seem satisfied that they are meeting tlie needs of their citizens. Even as local expenditures and taxes rise, there is more and more running to Washington for money for urban renewal and education subsidies. Federal grants in aid to states and localities will hit $13 billion in the present fiscal year. With the states and municipalities struggling to make ends meet, the gloom in the state capitals more than equal the euphoria in the White House. The trouble with this business of extrapolating economic curves to prove a theory of the future is that it is all too selective. Moreover, the very projection of a curve may generate something that will negate it in the future. I have a letter in hand from a tax-groggy individual who says he intends to discontinue his contributions to the United Fund and to alumni funds because "if I am taxed more for the Washington centralized charity programs ... I need not give a penny to anybody." My correspondent adds that, for the sake of "logic," we must "also have a program of federal aid to churches of all denominations and discontinue collections during Sunday services." There is some kidding in this sort of thing, of course. But it isn't all kidding. The President's council of economic advisers should take.notice that one good extrapolated curve may be undermined by another.. And what's a trillion-dollar economy, anyway? In' fifty- cent dollars it would be just the same old $500- billion economy that we have already had The General Faces the Future The National Whirligig b» MoClur* Bjmrt1e«t«l Today in National Affairs By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON — Up to now, the late John F. Kennedy has been eulogized and memorialized to such an extent that he has been ranked as a great President in the minds of many people. Unfortunately, that image is unwittingly being tarnished now by some of his closest friends and advisers who served with him. For, in their attempt to tell the story of Mr. Kennedy's many frustrations in decision-making, they are portraying him as in many respects a bewildered and wavering personality. Oddly enough, one of the biographers says Mr. Kennedy was about to replace secretary of State Rusk because of the latter's "reluctance to de c i d e" questions. President Johnson last week publicly repudiated such an Impression as he reiterated h i s confidence in Secre t a r y Rusk. Published chapters of two forthcoming books — one by Theodore Sorenson and the other by Arthur Schlesinger, Jr. — place emphasis on Mr. K e n - nedy's disillusionment with his own military advisers over the attempted invasion of Cuba by exiles at the Bay of Pigs in April 1961. Now that the late President's intimate friends have come out with some of the facts, Merriman Smith, the UPI reporter at the White House, and others feel free to comment also. -Mr. Smith writes about a private talk which he and a small group had with the President aboard an airplane a chiefs of the military forces and their commander-in-chief in the White House. This does not mean that theoretically members of the joint chiefs cannot go to the White House if they wish, but it is usually upon invitation. A chief of one of the armed services may have doubts about a President's policy, but he could not go to the White House without involving himself in complications with his own associates in the other armed services. The system that is in vogue nowadays does not provide a n opportunity for that intimate relationship in which views of all of the military chiefs can be expressed individually and i n formally to the President. ft it ft If the late President K e n - nedy had maintained such personal contacts from day to day with the individual members of the joint chiefs of staff, he never would have had any difficulty in understanding what they recommended with respect to the Bay of Pigs invasion. The men who were members of the joint chiefs at the time have sirice kept silent. They have talked only in guarded phrases before congress! o n a 1 committees. Someday they wi 11 tell the true story — the whole story. The joint chiefs, to be sure, "approved" a theoretical plan of invasion by Cuban exiles, but the success of the operation depended upon forces beyond the control or command of these same high officers. No American military commanders were permitted to have a controlling voice in the conduct of the operation. Otherwise, somewhere along the line, they would have insisted that, unless adequate air cover could be provided, no such expedition should be undertaken by the exile group. With effective air support, there might have been a differ e n t outcome of the invasion at the Bay of Pigs and the missile crisis of the next year might have been averted. (Copyright, 1965, New York Herald Tribune Inc.) By ANDREW TULLY WASHINGTON — Responsible sportsmen, Including some folks who occasionally risk pot luck at my table, are taking a beating from their own side in the current Congressional d i s- pute over gun control legislation. While the highly-respected National Rifle Association seeks to press its own bill to regulate the purchase and ownership of firearms, the kooks are getting all the publicity with their campaign of scurrilous mail and intimidation of citizens who favor tight control. Thankfully, they are in a minority, but like so many minorities they get attention merely by being outrageous. The latest victim of these neurotic loudmouths is California Finance Director Hale C h a m- plon, who was kidnapped with his wife and baby daughter by two gunmen several weeks ago. As a result of his experi e n c e, Champion has become an advocate of gun control legislation and, consequently, a target of the smear artists. o o ft POISON PEN NOTES—He has been deluged with poisonous mail accusing him of staging a publi city stunt and of being in collusion with the kidnappers. Anonymous phone calls have informed him that he'll get his if he doesn't shut up. Such intimidation, of course doesn't scare a rational male, but it does give the bonaf i d e sportsman an unmerited b a c name People are human, and they are leery of the credentials of an opposition whl c h doesn't alter the facts of the amazing story he told a Senate Judiciary subcommittee study ing gun legislation. * ft ft WALK IN AND BUY —Champion told the subcommittee the gunmen stopped twice dur i n g their flight from law officers and benight "high-powered rifles" with no questions ask e d. One gunman got out of the car at Carson City, Nev., and re- ,urned within minutes with,a 3030 lever-action Winchester and a jox of shells. Within the next •mlf hour, the other gunman Dought another 30-30. In both cases, no one asked the kidnappers for Identification and no records or receipts were kept of the sales Even In a country whose frontier-age laws make IT easy for any murderer to buy a gun, this is a spectacularly senseless situation. But such transactions happen every day. Recently, a subcommittee consultant who had infiltrated an idiotic right- wing outfit known as the Miri- utemen bought over-the-count e f' two mortars, a bazooka, a rifle with a grenade launcher, sever-' al hand grenades, and ammunition for all these weapons. ft ft ft i NO BAZOOKAS FOR DEER— The man who wants to shoot a; deer or s pheasant in season has no need of such weapons, of course. He also has no need to be surreptitious about buying the weapon he needs for his sport; hunting with a gun Is not illegal it Is passing str a n g e , then, that so many sportsmen would lethal firearms out of the hands of kidnappers-, hopheads and juvenile delinquents. In doing so, they permit the kooks to make unsavory common cause with them. Some kind of gun control legislation will be passed eventually, and it is good to know the NRA now has a bill of Its own in the hopper. It indicates sportsmen are willing to sit down and reason with the other side. The NRA bill is not strong enough because it depends on local laws relating to the possession of pistols, but it is an acknowledgement that a problem exists. If the kooks can be controlled, we may yet get around to enacting a law making it almost a? difficult to buy a gun as It is to buy an automobile. oppose legislation which merly attempt to keep Business Mirror week after invasion: the Bay of Pigs "Far from being tearful, he (the President) thundered at the joint chiefs of staff, then at himself for being overly i m pressed by the invincibility of the judgement of generals and admirals." Then Mr. Smith quoted M r . Kennedy as having said heatedly: "Never again will I accept the advice of a general or an admiral simply because of h i s rank, because the judgement of a civilian may be just as sound and even better on matters in which these men are supposed to have such expert knowledge." But there is something even more significant in the stories of Mr. Kennedy's reaction to the Bay of Pigs invasion. The late President may not have had enough background to understand the vocabulary of the military men or their reluctance to criticize civilian advisers ranging from state department officials to the U.S. ambassador at the United Nations, who uttered some last-minute words of restraint that are said to have influenced Mr. Kennedy c o n - siderably. ft 6 tt It is not always possible to have a General Eisenhower in the White House, but it is possible for every President to pick out i a knowledgeable military man of high rank to keep h i m posted on technical matters and to participate in conferences between the joint chiefs and the President as a regular part of the routine of the White House This is the real lesson that the controversy over the Bay of Pigs will teach. The system employed i n times of crisis prior to Mr. E enhower's administration was a good one. During World Wa: II, the joint chiefs had direc' access to the late President Roosevelt and to President Tru man. In recent years the secretary of defense has been interposed by act of congress between the The Washington Scene By BRUCE BIOSSAT WASHINGTON — (NEA) — Supporters of the Dirksen constitutional amendment on state legislative reapportionment appear to have fought their battle with astonishing ineptitude. The aim of the proposal, of course, is to countermand the Supreme Court's one-man, one- vote ruling of 1964, by assuring to the states the power to apportion seats on factors other than population. But in making argument the proponents have managed to convey the idea they are opposed to proper representat ion for the great numbers now crowded into America's cities. Big labor and civil rights groups thus have been stirred to sharp reaction and have effectively muscled up the once- thin opposition to the Dirksen measure. It is temporarily stalled in Senate committee, and might well fail on the Senate floor if Sen. Everett Dirksen, Republican minority leader, emp 1 o y s some parliamentary device to get it to vote despite the committee roadblock. The irony is that, in fact, the state reapportionment issue has not for some time been a rural area vs. big city question. A new study by the National Municipal League reaffi r m s strongly that the suburbs, not the center cities, will be the big gainers from reapportionm e n t r o o t e d in one-man, one-vo t e. Says the league: "Almost one-half of the big cities already have less population than their suburbs. By 1970, Iron wood Daily Globe Published evenings, except Sundays by Globe Publishing Company, 118 B. McLeod AVe., tronwood, Michigan. Established Nov. 20, 1919, (Ironwood News-Record acquired April 18 1921; Ironwood Times acquired May 23. 1846.1 Second class uostage paid at troiv wood. Michigan. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is entitled ex. clusively to the use for repubioatlon of all the local news printed In this newspaper, as wall as all AP new* dispatches Member of American Newspaper Publishers Association, Interamerican Press Association, Inland Dally Press Association. Bureau of Advertising, Michigan Press Association. Bureau of Circulations Audit Subscription rates: B; mall within « radius of 60 miles—per year, $9; six months, $5; three months, $3; one month, $1 .SO. No mall subscriptions gold to towns and locations where carrier service Is maintained, elsewhere—per year, $18; one month. $1.50. All mat! subscriptions payable In advance. By carrier, $20.80 per year In advance; by too week, 10 cent*. the;, overwhelming majority will have less." Nearly all of this country's stupendous population growth is occurring in the suburbs—at the expense of both rural and city areas. Many supporters of the Dirksen amendment have voi c e d repeated fears that strict use of population factors in state reapportionment would lead in many cases to big city dominance. The league report, prepared by William Boyd, notes that no city holds as much, as 50 per cent of its state's population. Other studies show that only in three states—New York, Arizona and Hawaii—can a combination of three cities be found which produces more than half the state's population, In all others, such combinations fall short. In Dirksen's own state, Illinois, Chicago and the next two largest cities represent together By SAM DAWSON AP Business News Analyst NEW YORK (AP) — TWO markets that are closely following American decisions on the Viet Nam war are commodities and gold. In recent days many commodities have risen in price or world markets. And increased demand, for gold has sent its price to a three-month high. Part of the involvement of these markets in the news from Washington and Saigon is the traditional effect of any greater military effort on defense materials and monetary reserves. But this time there are special reasons and complications: Monetary problems and policies of the United States and the rest of the world; and U.S. stockpiling of a multitude of commodities that war can either use Record of the Past per cent of the state's observes, furthermore, 10 YEARS AGO— Temperatures: High 71, low 58 ... Fire Chief R. E. Davison and the Ontonagon Volunteer Fire Department will be host next Wednesday, Thursday, and F r i- day to the annual Upper Peninsula Volunteer Firemen's Association convention and tour n a- ment. With more than 50 volunteer fire departments in the U.P. tournaments draw up to 1,000 firemen who display their skill in men who display their skill In races and othet tournament events. .The distr i c t just 37 total. Boyd that all cities with as much as 15 per cent of their states' population have been showing percentage declines for the last 30 years. Obviously, in rooting their case in the rural vs. city rivalry, proponents of the Dirksen formula have flawed their arguments with unreality and irrelevancy. And they chose the ground most certain to bring on combat from labor and civil civil rights groups. As if all this were not enough, the conservative Republican elements which are among the most ardent backers of the Dirksen amendment may be trying to'cut off their noses to spite their, faces. GOP representation in big ci- ties'is already very low, and in recent ;elecjions has also dropped sharply in rural sectors. The swelling suburbs are '.the-new political battleground, the biggest hope Republic a n s can have for badly needed gains in legislative seats—state and federal. Nevertheless, they are se.eking to hold the suburban seat total down. Whatever tfie legitimate arguments for a more flexible apportionment formula, than the Supreme Court's one-man, one- vote, they are evidently being lost in a thick fog churned up by Dirksen amendment adv o - cates who have done too. little solid homework, have arous e d powerful enemies, and seem not even to be acting sensibly in tournament of the National Little League Association will open at 6:30 this evening at Steiger Field at Bessemer, with the Bessemer Little League A11- Stars meeting the Ely All-Stars of Ely, Minn. 20 YEARS AGO— Tempe r atures: High 67, low 54 . . , Capt. Jack Carpenter son of Dr. and Mrs. S. F. Carpenter Lowell street, had the thirll o: seeing President Truman, Gen eral Eisenhower and other nota bles when the President and hi! party arrived in Antwerp, Bel glunr en route to the Big Three up fast or make unavailable because of disrupted delivery routes. Even without Viet Nam, gold las been a touchy subject. The market has been weighing the accesses of the United States in balancing its monetary payments with the rest of the world against a stubbornly held opin- on In some foreign quarters hat the Yankee dollar and the British pound aren't as attrac- ive for reserve purposes as is the met.al itself. Increased demand for gold has sent, its price up on the London market to a premium of 6 to 7 cents an ounce over the $35.08 at which the U.S. Treasury will part with it. A special complication of late has been the report of large purchases of gold by the Communist Chinese government. It s said to regard the Viet Nam situation as making its holdings of British pounds less attractive and to have been turning them n for gold, which it is carrying back to China. Commodity markets both here and in Europe have seen prices increasing as the Viet Nam war spurred -demand, especially in the last two weeks. In London, metals that had been easier early ,in the year are now advancing sharply. Copper, lead, zinc and tin , have ben particularly in demand. In the United States copper has risen, and also wool and soybeans, with traders giving Viet Nam as one of the reasons. In ail cases the thinking is that stepped-up military activity means greater demand for most of the commodities that find their way into the hardware or the soft goods of war. For ex- conference at Potsdam. .A building permit for a $70,000 structure which will house i bowling alley and a cock t a i lounge has been Issued to Jo seph Suvensky and Joseph Macl safe this week at the office o: the city manager. Timely Quotes their 1. own interest. These are not parents who come right out. They' just don' hear about things. > They're' no newspaper readers. They're sus ^n^ 10 ^ 11 Wdus picious. They may not always have had the,best experiences with schools, either as students or parents. | —Mrs. Rebecca A. Winston, of the New York city Board of Education, on the problems of getting parents to enroll their children in Project Head Start. We expect -that it will get • worse before it gets better. —President Johnson, on the war in Viet Nam. A .. .. ample: More planes are used and more must be replaced. Also larger military forces use up more uniforms, food and hospital supplies. But for many commodities the expecteo increase in military demand is only part of the picture. Greater consumption by an affluent peacetime society had been anticipated this fall. And manufacturers and;merchants have been bulldirig .up their inventories — partty in expectation of greater, ; demand and partly to hedge against anticipated price rises. ' : A Daily Thought He who oppresses a poor man insults his Maker, taut he who is kind to the needy honors him.— Proverbs 14:31. : .Whatever you have youo must Cither use or lose.—Hehro : Ford industrialist.
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