Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California on May 6, 1965 · Page 1
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Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California · Page 1

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Thursday, May 6, 1965
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75th Year Phone 793-3221 REDLANDS, CALIFORNIA, THURSDAY, MAY 6, 1965 $1.50 Per Month 24 Pages 10 Centi TRYING TIMES — President Johnson carries a worried expression in this photo made while he was strolling with newsmen around the White House grounds late Tuesday. He told newsmen that the situation In the Dominican Republic generally seemed to be calming. (UPl Telephoto) Armed Forces Council gives Saigon government vote of confidence Defense rests in Klansman murder in Alabama SAIGON (UPI) - South Vict Nam's powerful Armed Forces Council today formally dissolved itself in a resounding vote of confidence in the Saigon goveiTiment. On tiie military front, 50 U.S. Air Force jets scored a "spectacularly successful" raid against Communist North Viet Nam. The Armed Forces Council voted to disband in an emphatic endorsement of the civilian government of Prime Minister Phan Huy Quat. Standing in front of the prime minister's office, council Secretary-General jllaj. Gen. Nguyen \'an Thieu read a proclamation dissolving the body, which consists of about 20 generals and colonels. Meanwhile, a U.S. military spokesman in Saigon announced that 50 U.S. Air Force jet fighter-bombers tills afternoon struck a "major ammunition dump" at Phu Van, 125 miles south of the North Vietnamese capital of Hanoi. The spokesman called the By United Press International The defense for Ku Klux Klansman Collie Leroy Wilkms Jr., accused of murdering De- Says mine safety program antiquated raid "spectacularly successful.". Direct hits were made on four underground ammunition bunkers and four other bimkers were damaged. He said clouds;, , „ of "towering black smoke" j''"'^ "^'^'^ ^^'"'^'^'^ were seen by pilots. i Viola Liuzzo, rested its case in The jets also destroyed five''ess than an hour today after 5f the six buildings above;presenting eight witnesses, groimd by dumping 80 tons ofj Klan attorney Matt Murphy bombs on them during the 45-; j,-. spent much of the Ume ar- minute raid. All of the planes returned safely to theu- bases and encountered no Communist anti-aircraft fire. The decision of the Armed Forces Council to disband was taken Wednesday at a council meeting at Tan Son Nhut Air Base. It was considered certain to win the endorsement of U.S. officials here. About 200 govern.ment officials and newsmen were present for today's ceremony. TTie council had been in power since last September, when military commanders put <iown an attempted coup against then prime minister, Lt. Gen. Nguyen Klianh. The council was formed to gumg that FBI informer Gary Thomas Rowe had damaged his "good name." Rowe was the star witness for the prosecution. He took the stand and identified Wilkins as the man who fired the shots that killed Mrs. Liuzzo as she and a Negro youtli, Leroy Moton, 21, drove along Highway SO the night following the Selma- to-Montgomery civil rights march. The state took only nine minutes after the fourtli day of the trial began. Then, after a 15-minute recess, tlie defense began an all-out effort to discredit the testimony of the state's main wdtness. An FBI ballistics expert testi- OAS votes Dominican peace force WASHINGTON (UPI) - The Organization of American States (OAS) voted early today to send an inter-American peacekeeping force to police the Dominican Republic. Recruiting was expected to begin immediately. The hemispheric assembly voted 14 to 5, with one nation Venezuela abstaining' to approve a U.S.-sponsored resolu- tioH' calling on member governments to provide army, navy, air force or national police troops for the new force. U.S. Ambassador Ellsworth Bunker said he was "gratified" by the vOcO. which was exactly the two-thirds majority needed. He indicated that the inter- American force might become a permanent part of the 0.'\S peacekeeping machinery. But it appeared that any such action would need far more support than it now has. Chile, Mexico, Urugay, Ecuador and Peru voted agamst the peace force resolution, and Mexico indicated it would not be able to contribute troops to the force. Mexico's ambassador said he lid not believe his government would be able to spare the troops. i On the other side of the pic- 1 ture. tiny Costa Rica, which ! boasts it does not have an army, immediately offered to place its 3.500-man national police force at the disposal of the OAS. During the long debate on the resolution Bunker told the dele! gates President Johnson has promised to withdraw the 14,000-man U.S. force in the Dominican Republic once the OAS has determined that its joint force is adequate to police Ihe island. The U.S. resolution provides that the OAS will be in complete control of the peacekeeping force, wliich wiU be directed by a imified command vdth power to determine when it is no longer needed in the Dominican Republic. Commanders of units to be made available to the force will be asked to work out among themselves and with the OAS committee tlie technical measures necessary to establish the unified command. Two marines killed by rebel machinegun fire The rebels broke through the'brought to 10 the number of undisciplined bands of armed plate glass showroom and took; Americans killed since the: civilians over whom he has no the two other Marines, who had Iroops began landing late last, control. been wounded, to a rebel hos-jweck. In addition at least 58 j The rebels armed civihans in- pital. These two were later re-! servicemen have been w^ound- 1 discriminatcly during the early leased and taken to a U.S. Ma-led. The dead included four|days of the revolt. Many of rine hospital. j paratroopers, five Marines and'these armed bands now appear Deaths of the two Marines, a sailor. I to be under the control of for- SANTO DOMINGO (UPI) Two U.S. Marines were killed today and two were captured when the Leathernecks took a wrong turn into rebel territory and were blasted with automatic weapons fire. The Marine Corps said a third Marine may have been killed. Two American correspondents of the Miami Herald were shot accidentally by Marines in a separate incident. j the troops began landing late tered." Wednesday night a reb-| mano "seems to be moving ''The two-vehicle Marine con-ilast week. At least 60 othersiel radio said the Dominican!closer to the Communists." al- voy had turned down 30th of have been wounded. The dead people must cooperate in the though he is not known to be a March Street and proceeded! included five paratroopers, five, "patriotic task of killing in Red himself, lie said Commu- about six blocks south into reb- Marines and a sailor. ! blood and burning foreign in-: nist leader Fidclio Dcspradd el territory from the supply cor- The body of one of the Ma- vaders and their lackeys." | appears to be one of Caamano's ridor forged by Marines and rines was taken to the Embaja -i Only Major Fighting | chief advisers, paratroopers to connect the Sanidor Hotel by Canadian tele-j The Independence Square ac-j The U.S. official said Caama- Isidro Airport and the interna-{phone company employe Ed-|tion was the only major fight- and of an Army paratrooper who died of his wounds in Washington brought to 11 the num- Thc rebel forces have warned;eign-trained Communists intent repeatedly that any Marine or|on keeping the revolt going at U.S. paratrooper found in the! any cost. ; ber of Americans killed since! rebel area would be "slaugh-; A high U.S. official said Caa- tional refugee zone. They were a block from In- ao conferred Wednesday with five Red leaders who asked him to promise them jobs in his government if he wins the revolt— and to assure their escape from the country if he loses. rcclcet races ward Lynch who had thought jing reported and this was along the Leatherneck to be still:the Marine defense perimeter dependence PaVwhen'the'reb-| ^.''^'e, f he ar-j around the international refuge els opened fire Two Marines''''^^'^ * Ma-! zone. A spokesman for the 82nd jumped from the vehicles and 1™^ headquarters. | Airborne Regiment said the par- ran into an automobile display' Word quickly spread through^airoopers experienced no shoot- room. The other two, one of the hotel that the Marine had mg smce 10 o'clock Wednesday them a medic, were killed in;been dumped on the doorstep night. the first hail of bullets. ;of the hotel by the rebels as a^ There was sniper firing in Two other Marines marched' demonstration of the terror tac- 'he Marine sector. | down the street with their hands I tics they had threatened to use The Americans now have 27,-j in the air and were captured.' against the American miUtary 577 troops in Santo Domingo. [ I forces here. i either afloat or ashore. Thei Two Newsmen Wounded Army has 12.439 paratroopers j The two American corres-!on the island, the Marines have[ ipondenls wounded by rebel fire,S,924 ashore and the Navy has^ CAPE KE.V.VEDY (UPD— A in the rebel section today werei3.314 afloat and ashore. TheySTitan-3.\ "switch engine" rock;AI Burt, Latin editor of the Mi-'will be incorporated in any et carrying two satellites race<l :ami Herald and the Herald OAS peace force set up in San-; into one orbit and then zipped chief photographer Doug Ken- to Domingo. into another today in a record nedy. They were flow to the The rebel terror tactics and series of s|:acc acrobatics call- U.S. aircraft carrier Boxer ihe refusal to obey the cease- '"S fcr two more path changes. HALSEY Neb (UPD—Help^^'"^'''' condition was re- fire appeared to be new evi-; T 'l'- sleek .Air Force booster, -•PC riishpH frnm th,-„o =1 t.t„= ! Port^d as satisfactory. Burt suf- dence of Communists taking :kP >'<^fl America's soldier-in- Firemen battle Nebraska forest fire keep Khanh^ mampulaangj^l^^ ^^^-^^ ^JJ rii^:^ Saf" mbHi^V- the body I Liuzzo of Detroit came from Sent Into Exile g^,,, Collie Leroy Wilkins Khanh was ousted by the gen-! J,. charged with firing the; erals la.-=! February and sent m-l ^j ^of^ i^jngd mother of Anti-American rally halted by Soviets was rushed from three states today to fight a wind - driven; , fire which has roared over 16,-; 000 acres in the nation's largest man-seeded forest. Nebraska Gov. Frank B. Morrison called the fire in the Nebraska National Forest "one of the worst tragedies in the history of Nebraska." Morrison made an aerial and ground inspection of the fire, which had claimed 12,000 acres of pine trees and 4,000 acres of rangeland. He said it would be a mammoth operation to re-| build the forest "but it will be! done." He planned to ask Agri-j culture Secretary Orville Freeman for federal aid. The lightning - sparked fire ifered a bullet wound in the but- over what started out _ 'popular revolution against thc^n orbit ranging from 10 - miUtary junta which has ruled'125 miles high and then as a space program, fu'sl soared into " 108 to Today's fight broke out dc- miUtary junta which has ruled'"'S" and men shot spite the conclusion Wednesday; the Dominican Republic since it '"'o egg-shaped orbit e.x- of a "firm truce" by the Or- 1 overthrew President Juan Bosch iP^^t^ted to reach about 1,725 and sent him into exile. An OAS spokesman said Col. Francisco Caamano Deno, "provisional president" and nominal military leader of the rebels, blamed the sniper attacks on ganization of American States and the O.AS' unprecedented decision to send an inter-American peackeeping force to police the Dominican Republic. Death of the two Marines Iberia airliner crashes on Canary Islands, 30 dead SANTA CRUZ DE TENE- reports it had hit machinery j feat. miles above earth. Its next orbital switch was scheduled for mid - afternoon with the fourth firing of the rocket's maneuverable third stage coming nearly three hours later. "It's through the gate," said Brig. Gen. Joseph S. Bley- maicr, referring to the precise speed it necde<l to reach orbit. The Titan's 7.000-pound third stage payload unit then moved into position to perform its next RIFE, Canary Islands (UPI)- being used to improve the run- was being brought under con-, iberia Airlines Super Con, trol in the northwest section ofi „ , , , , - ithe forest, primarily by chemi-i ^"^"ation '^'•^shcd Wednesday 1 ^^.s leal bombs dropped by aircraft.; night while landing m a fog and'abc way. The dead included 10 foreign- hut no Americans board. Such space maneuverability is necessary for military missions suggested for the Titan-3 wTre! family of rockets, such as satellite interception, reconnaissnace , ,,,r,t. Ti .ilo polite exile as a roving am-,r:,..' WASHINGTON (UPI.H-, ,„ New^•ork/•^D" fense atto.-ney Matt Mur-icracked president of the IntciTiational Union of Jline, Mill and Smelter Workers Wednesday described , , j slate mine safely laws asl The council later declared the "shockingly antiquated." i government of Prime Minister The official, -Mbert C. Skinner of Denver, made the statement before Uie House Select Subcommittee on Labor. He said the record of enforcement m the mines was "disgraceful." Weather Redlands Today <2 p.m. reading) Highest 69, Lowest 51 One Year .^go Highest 54, Lowest 44 Tomorrow's Sunrise and Sunset 5:54 a.m. — 7:37 p.m. No smog, allowable burning. San Bernardino Valley: Most- as an observer at the United; j, eg,.,;,, ,,3^ been unable '^^"°"''' 'lo shake the testimony of FBI uitormer Gary Thomas Rowe, who said he was in the car with three Klansmen when Mrs. Liuzzo was slain last March 2. The other klansmen, Eugene Thomas and William Eaton, are to be tried later. Tran Van Huong dissolved after weeks of demonstrations against the regime. Quat took over from Huong and has slowly won the confidence of Viet Nam's military leaders. The council's dissolution was preceded by a Quat decree or- dermg all miUtary men holding government positions to give Ihem up and return to miUtary life. The United States had been pusliing for a stronger and more stable civiUan government in Saigon while the armed forces council was exercis ing life-or-death power over the struggling civilian rulers. Leaders of the council sched- Quote of Day Eight turbulent days In the Caribbean Special firefighting equipment; burst into flames. .Authorities| A spokesman issued a revisedjand space station supply runs, .'was being rushed in from Den-! said 30 persons were killed and! casualty list which said 28 per-] Star performer of the final 1 vcr, Colo., Ihe Soulh Dakota IS injured, many of them cri- sons died in the crash and two Titan-3A flight was the jBlack Hills and North Platte,; tically. more in a hospital. :boosler's versatile third stage. "TOKYO (UPI) — Communist; Neb. One thousand volunteers The plane with 39 passengers "The plane broke in two and; sometimes called a space ; China said today Soviet police! helped fight the flames and from JIadrid and nine crewmen then burst into flames," a\switch engine because of its they were being joined by more, touched down on the runway at spokesman for the airport here course switching abilily. ll «as American rally in Leningrad! than 200 special firefighters mountain rimmed Los Rodeos! reported. Cloudy weather w a s:require,'l to start and slop an last month, arresting 82 North;from other states, including 135 airport but veered off to one reported at the time of the unprecedented four times in the Vietnamese students and. South Dakota Indians. .side and crashed. There were, crash. 'harsh voitl of space, "wounding" seven. The New China News Agency said the incident occurred on April 3. It said three of the Vietnamese students, one of them a girl, were seriously injured when the Russian police "savagely suppressed" the demonstration. The Soviet Union Wednesday rejected a Chinese Communist protest against the expulsion of four students from Moscow following anti-American rioting at the U.S. Embassy in Moscow March 14. Peking also charged the Soviets ruthlessly broke up that action. According to NONA, the hith- unreported incident oc- ulcd a news conference to spell j JIoscow or Havana, we'll be out exactly the meaning of thei happy to wait until tomorrow dissolution. for a reply." UNITED NATIONS — U.S. .A.mbassador Adlai Stevenson to Soviet Ambassador Nikolai Fedorenko during Security Council debate on Dominican crisis: "How many Commimist agents now are active in the| armed rising in the Dominican I erto Republic? If you have to asklcurred as the Vietnamese students, all studying at Lenin- ly sunny but with some clouds Friday. Little temperature change. Lows tonight 45 to ,50. U.S. Weather Bureau Noon Forecajt Mostly sunny weather will prevail in Southern California Friday and Saturday but there \\H\ be patchy cloudiness particularly inj "•noni.-u 1 nj,,, — j,,,,., the coastal sections. The moun-!rine Lance Cpl. Russell Rowe! into the darkness. The "sn'ipir'students. tains and ' winds side by baturoay. , „ , „ , , . ' Center. Both his legs Marine in hospital has been staring at ceiling WASHINGTON (UPI) — Jla-ibounced up and fired his rifle into the darkness. The snipsr ;fired again, hitting Rowe in the; grad University, gathered in front of the university prepared to go to the Leningrad textile institute to meet and march to rallies in three locations. The agency said the Soviet authorities suddenly rushed in 300 police who "seized and tore up" anti-American plcards and I banners carried by thej Action in Dominican Republic sets new United States policy "They even and deserts WiU have gusty, is in critical condition today ati'";^^/j°::''';^";;^\';;|'^'^^^^^^ as to trample but the winds wiU sub- ^valter Reed Army Medical!,.; j into his back, stopping »' Saturday. Center. Both his legs have been!in his stomach. ?,?P"'''"^, i^' Temperatures and precipita-j amputated. . .. „. 1 .,r„IJ '-All fho tion for the 24-Iiour period ending at 4 a.m. High Low Precip. Boston Chicago Cincinnati Denver Des Moines Fort Worth Fresno Helena Honolulu Kansas City Las Vegas Los Angeles Minneapolis New York Oklahoma City Omaha Palm Springs Sacramento Salt Lake City San Francisco Seattle Washington 70 48 71 60 .06 79 57 79 57 SO 65 .09 77 66 .05 71 44 46 36 .09 83 75 .01 84 67 80 50 69 53 73 57 .08 62 51 76 68 80 65 .07 84 — 68 47 55 25 1.10 58 53 49 35 74 54 AH the fight has gone out of him," said his mother, Mrs. Dorothy Harkness of Zion, III. It was different last week when he went into Santo Domingo. He wrote his mother: "I'm in the first assault wave. There's really nothing to worry about. The rebels are very unorganized and ten to one it won't last long. I feel proud to be a Marine, protecting my country. I am only upset to a certain extent because I know that if I did get hurt, people who love me such as you would feel the pain." In the dark hours before dawn last Friday, the 20-year- old Rowe was defending a mound of earth in the revolt- torn Caribbean island. A sniper shot him in the leg, knocking him to the ground. Despite the wound. Rowe said. in Hours later, Rowe was near death in Ramey .4ir Force Base Hospital in Puerto Rico. Air Force doctors amputated his badly damaged right leg. Rowe was flown to Andrews Air Force Base, Md., and then taken to Walter Reed in Washington. His mother and his 18- year-old fiancee were there to meet him. "Oh, Mom, I'U get along on a wooden leg," he told his mother. "I'll hop around on one leg." He was in good spirits, his mother said. Then, on Monday, the doctors removed his left leg. But it wasn't until Tuesday, when they were changing the dressings on his wounds, that Rowe learned that both legs were gone. "Since then, he has been staring at the ceiling," his mother went lo such underfoot the Demo(North) Viet Nam. They also grabbed six cameras from the Vietnamese students," NONA said. Small group at UC burns draft cards BERKELEY, CaUf. (UPI) — A group of about 40 University of California Students burned their draft cards in a bonfire Wednesday night in protest against U.S. involvement in the Dominican RepubUc. After a protest rally in the Berkeley campus of the university, a group of some 300 per^ sons marched from the campus to the Selective Service office in downtown Berkeley, where the draft cards were burned in a 1 sidewalk bonfire. By NORMAN RUNNION WASHINGTON (UPD—Presi­ dent Johnson's oversized alarm wristwatch showed 5:14 p.m. EDT on Wednesday, AprU 28. when he was handed a telegram marked "critical" — the highest priority for a diplomatic message. The communication was from Ambassador W. Tapley Bennett in Santo Domingo. It urged that U.S. Marines be landed in the Dominican RepubUc immediately to protect American lives threatened by rioting and revolution. Johnson, as he said later, did not vacillate. He told Defense Secretary Robert S. JIcNamara and Secretary of State Dean Rusk, who had been conferring with him throughout the chiU, overcast afternoon, that the Marines must go ashore. McNamara — tough, decisive and hardened to crises after four years in the Pentagon- relayed the President's decision to Gen. Earle G. Wheeler, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. It was the signal to put into effect long-prepared contingency plans. At 6 p.m. EDT the Joint Chiefs sent a message to Adm. H. P. Smith, U.S. Atlantic commander, instructing him to land the Marines from the aircraft carrier Boxer, which because of MILES 50 9 , DOMINICAN REPUBLIC Montec ,l>ue.,o^ JAMAICA O PUERTO RICO DOMINICAN REPUBLIC CARIBBEAN REVOLT—Fighting in the Dominican Republic between military groups and supporters-of former President Juan Bosch brought a landing of American Marines on Latin American soil for the first time since 1928. Gambardella of New Rochelle, N. Y., was having a cup of coffee in the wardroom when the call to action was sounded throughout the carrier. An hour later, Gambardella and his outfit, the 3rd Battalion. ness," said the major. "We went thundering along and then stopped and got off, and sure enough it was the right station." A bare two hours had passed since Ambassador Bennett's the crisis had been standing :6th Regiment, 2nd Division of telegram had crackled into the ready just offshore. The message was phoned to Smith and then confirmed by a teletype message preceded by the word "flash" in large capital letters, the highest military priority. the U.S.- Marines Corps were;State department's communica whirring in helicopters through!tion rooms to be decoded and rain and the inky blackness of a tropical night towards a polo grounds in the ancient Caribbean city of Santo Domingo. "It was like getting into a relayed to the White House. It was 28 years since the Marines had seen action in Latin America. The presidential decision tak- .Aboard the Boxer. Major Joe subway train in pilch dark- en on the telegram from Ben­ nett, 48, a red-haired, youthful looking diplomat who had been in Santo Domingo for 18 months, touched off a multi-act drama played on Ihe volatile stage of international polilics. After days of official insistence that the Marines wore there solely to protect U.S. nationals, it led finally to President Johnson's declaration that a "band of Communist conspirators" had seized control nf Ihe Dominican revolt. As a consequence Johnson proclaimed a new doctrine which seemingly would permit the United .States to intervene in the affairs of any hemispheric nation threatened with a Communist revolution while keeping hands off any strictly internal disorders. Ghastly Error Juan Bosch, the lonely and disillusioned non - Communist figure in whose name the revolt supposedly was started, saw the U.S. intervention as a ghastly error of judgment. He said the end result might be to turn 100,000 young Latin Americans into Communists in reaction. The President's quick and strong action was generally applauded at home as a step in time that probably prevented another Castro-t y p e regime. Supporters said it served notice to the Communist world that the United States will move swiftly and use force when its strategic interests are at stake. To some abroad, it revived the shadow of the "gringo" American bully, which hauntec" inter-American politics fot years. To others it invited com- I Continued on page ID 1

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