The Daily Journal from Fergus Falls, Minnesota on June 25, 1976 · Page 2
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The Daily Journal from Fergus Falls, Minnesota · Page 2

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Fergus Falls, Minnesota
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Friday, June 25, 1976
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Page 2
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Massive flu immunization plan runs into trouble , , ' ' . . . . ...... .......... vniimtMr* In ammunitv flu boon irn'nhwi" would be impossiWi WASHINGTON (AP) - Government officials are for the first time openly discussing the possibility that the campaign to give 215 million Americans a swine flu shot this fall may not get olf the ground. The mass immunization effort on a scale never before attempted has, they say, run into massive and perhaps insurmountable legal obstacles. One of the nation's four influenza vaccine manufacturers is holding out for a new federal law indemnifying il for human injuries beyond its control. Organizations representing health workers, volunteers and local governments are deeply concerned about their own liability. Major newspapers are questioning the wisdom of giving flu shots against a disease that has not been seen since a brief appearance confined to Ft. Dix, N.J., early this year. All those factors nave led to an air of pessimism in certain quarters of the U.S. Public Health Service. "Even if it does fail to fly, I think the scientific basis is sound," said Dr. Delano Me- riweUier, director of the National Influenza Immunization Program. "The decision was the right one. It was the right one last March and it would be the right one next year, knowing what we do," he said. While questions are being raised to which there are yet no answers, the government is going ahead with its plans in the hopes that the problems will be ironed out. Bids have been advertised to the four drag companies — Merrell-Natkmal Laboratories, Parke, Davis & Co., Wyeth Laboratories and Merck Sharp & Dohme — as the prelude to price negotiations for swine flu vaccine. Results of experimental vac- cine tests on about 5,000 men, women and children will be presented to an open meeting of government scientists June 21, and that information will be presented the next day to the federal Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. Out of that session will likely come the recommendation for proper dosage of vaccine against swine flu, more properly called A-New Jersey-76, for most adults, and a combination vaccine against A-New Jersey and A-Victoria flu strains for the elderly and persons suffering from serious heart, lung, kidney and diabetes diseases. 300 postmasters end convention in the city Ray Salzwedel, postmaster at Lakefield, was elected president Thursday of the Minnesota chapter of the National Association of Postmasters at the group's convention in Fergus. Falls. Postmaster Earl Loeffler said 300 Minnesota postmasters were registered for the three- day convention. Including spouses, the convention attracted over 500 to Fergus Falls. Housing facilities were filled in the city. SaUwedel succeeds George LBJ noted Castro link to JFK WASHINGTON (AP)- Television commentator Howard K. Smith says President Lyndon B. Johnson once told him that President John F. Kennedy "was trying to get to Castro, • but Castro got to him first." Smith, on me "ABC Evening News" Thursday night, said he was relating the conversation because "enough doubt has been cast on the Warren report on John Kennedy's death to justify a new investigation that will leave no lead unfollowed." Smith said that after Johnson made the statement "I begged for details. He refused, saying it will all come out one day." The Senate Intelligence Committee said in a report Wednesday that officials of both the CIA and the FBI covered up crucial information in the course of investigating Kennedy's assassination. Meeting set with Malik WASHINGTON (AP) - The State Department says Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger will meet Indonesian Foreign Minister Adam Malik here next Tuesday. Before the ministers meet, other Indonesian officials will meet with representatives of the U.S. State, Treasury, Commerce and Defense departments. The announcement said the consultations are in line with a communique signed last Dec. 6 by President Ford and President Suharto calling for periodic discussions. Keller, Climax, as president. Loeffter, host for the convention, was elected vice president for first class post offices; Marv Loeck, Balaton, vice president for second class post offices; Delores Schmidt, Dovray, third class post offices, and Alice Rahn, Johnson, fourth class post offices. Raymond C. Wilkins, Gten- coe, was elected secretary- treasurer, and Mkhael Rooney, Benson, was named editor of "The Gopher Postmaster." John Schaufman, St. Paul, district manager, was the speaker at the banquet at the Holiday Inn. Other speakers included Jody Wiseman, Cleveland, Ohio, national vice president; Al Hemmingson, Glendale, Calif., past president of the national association, and Chester Carllock, Chicago, assistant postmaster general of mail processing. The convention program included a fish fry at Wall Lake and tours of the state hospital and the historical museum for wives of postmasters. Loeffler said there were frequent comments about the beauty and cleanliness of Fergus Falls and the friendliness of the people. Young hockey player dies ANOKA, Minn. (AP) - A teen-age hockey player apparently choked to death on his mouthpiece Wednesday night, the Anoka County sheriffs office said. , The victim was identified as Steven Hadralh, 17, Fridley, who died about 11:40 p.m. at Mercy medical Center in Coon Rapids. The sheriff s office said he was taken by ambulance from the Coon Arena in Coon Rapids about 10:20 p.m. Coon Rapids polke said the youth was a defenseman and went into the corner to freeze the puck, after an unsuccessful two-on-one break. They said Hadrath there was no contact when the referee's whistle blew to stop play. A player on the opposing team said he noticed that Hadrath was breathing hard when he went to the bench after finishing his shift. Police said it was then that it was discovered that the mouthpiece was lodged in the youth's windpipe. * Power line Continued from page 1 pealed in District Court by CURE, a Minnesota farmers organization. In its request for public hearings to the Rural Electrification Administration, the agency which has the authority to grant or deny the request for federal loan guarantees, the North Dakota-Minnesota Environment Coalition is alleging that gross mismanagement on the part of the power companies should make them ineligible for government financing. The coalition bases this allegation on the stand that the $360 million loan request, which is the second loan asked for by the power companies, represents a 68 percent error in the 1974 estimate of the project's cost. The original loan request, which the RE A granted, was based on a cost estimate of (637 million. The coalition of power line opponents sees the new request as evidence of mismanagement. Power company of-' ficiab, however, cite changes in the plant size and greater inflation and interest rate increases than were anticipated. Jim Nelson, Elbow Lake, spokesman for the NPL, SOC and PGTC, claims that the refusal so far by the REA to hold public hearings is causing concern that important information is being kept from the public. S:**¥:iW:W:*:o:*:W:W™^ * Reagan * Walkout BIG CHIEF CAFE Fergus Falls -Hwy. 55 Sooth to 1-94 Open 24 Hours Daily SNDAY DIMS FROM 11 o. SteiL •Raul Tirlev wilk liessiif Bert •Jiriiiii Bike! Hai Served with salad.bakedor whipped potatoes, vegetable, roll with butter, coffee and dessert. 0 ther menu s elections also available ' Call 734-7M8 for Party Reservations _ Contiiuedfrnnpagel gress an equal partner in domestic and foreign policy matters. And he said the vice presidential running mate he chooses will probably be a Washington figure who, unlike himself, is intimately familiar with Congress and with the way the federal government works. "I just can't believe all this harmony and euphoria," said Sen. Henry M. Jackson of Washington, who at one point was a key competitor with Carter for the nomination. "It seems too good to be real I've never seen anything like it in my life." A Harris Poll released Thursday showed Carter moving ahead of Ford by a 53-40 per cent margin and beyond Reagan 58-35 per cent. The poll of 1,480 registered voters showed Carter with the backing of tradition a 1 Democratic party groups. A CBS-New York Times poll showed much the same results. Carter had a 50-29 per cent lead over Ford, 53-24 over Reagan. And there was another political development from Portland, Ore. Eugene McCarthy, who won the Oregon primary as a Democratic candidate in 1968, apparently got the support he needed to get on this year's general election ballot as an independent candidate for president. Oregon law provides that a convention of 1,000 registered voters can nominate a candidate to appear on the Oregon ballot About 1,130 McCarthy backers gathered for that purpose, and if registrations are confirmed by the secretary of state's office, the ballot spot will go to the former Minnesota senator. McCarthy, 60, was at the meeting to encourage backers. He said he is already on the ballot in Michigan, Maine, Ohio, New Jersey, Kentucky and Utah and that he expects to qualify eventually in 40-45 states. Continued from page 1' "We are stimulating the economy temporarily with borrowing and with printing press money to give the illusion of prosperity in an election year. But then comes double digit inflation," he said. First Lady Betty Ford arrived at the convention center as Reagan began his address. She met with supporters in an area under arena seats about 30 yards from the podium. Reagan's speech was a review of familier themes in his uphill campaign for the GOP nomination for president. He called for a strong military and pledged to "reduce the size and power of the federal government" But he received one of his biggest ovations when he called for a removal of all restrictions on sales of agricultural products to foreign nations. "It is time for the government to tell the American farmer to produce all he can and sell all he can in the world market at whatever price he can," without government interferences, he said. Meanwhile, John Sears, Reagan's national campaign director, said he hoped the Fort campaign leaders would acept a 14-t division of the 19 at-large delegates to be elected. Sears called that a fair distribution which would help preserve party unity. Ealier, Reagan campaign aides had hoped to win six or seven of the delegates to be selected. Reagan was headed for meetings later today in Wyoming with uncommitted delegeates and in Montana where he hoped to win all 20 national convention delegates at the state convention Saturday. Traveling with the former California governor were film stars Efram Zimbalist Jr., and Ken Curtis. Supporters of President Ford has won a key test earlier in the convention and believed they would claim all 13 dele- More testing is expected to be ordered to determine the proper dosage and age cutoff for children. The government plans to buy all the swine flu vaccine that the American companies can product and to distribute It to state health departments which, in turn, will be responsible for getting the vaccine to public immunization clinics and private doctors. The vaccine, being purchased with $135 million appropriated by Congress, will be free to recipients. Private physicians may charge for giving the shots in their offices, however. Meanwhile, the Advertising Council-Inc. on June 10 unanimously approved the government's $150,000 public service advertising campaign to inform Americans through television, radio, newpapers and magazines about the importance of swine flu shots and how and where to get one. On the legal front, a draft bill indemnifying vaccine manufacturers against injury lawsuits has been written and is being actively considered. The White House has not yet given a green light to introduce it Some officials in the Department of Healili, Education and Welfare are doubtful that the bill could pass, mindful of the Senate Appropriations Committee report last April directing that "the various governmental units shall be free from liability in terms of the vaccine" and that "the drug producers should remain responsible for the vaccine, its quality and any adverse reactions directly attributable to the vaccine." Contract language oBered by HEW to the manufacturers holds the government responsible for informing patients about the benefits and risks of getting a flu shot Three companies seem to believe that would reduce the threat of liability suits, although they know they would remain responsible for their own negligence. Merrell, which can produce between 20 and 25 per cent of the nation's flu vaccine needs, is threatening to pull out if there is no indemnification law. "They would all prefer indemnification, that's certainly the case," said HEW lawyer pemard Feiner. "Whether the contract clause will be satisfactory has yet to be determined." Even more perplexing is the question of malpractice liability for doctors, nurses and other health workers serving as volunteers In community flu vaccine clinics. The Uw varies in each state. Some indemnify public health workers, some provide insurance coverage and some promise government attorneys to defend against malpractice suits. "I don't know if we can resolve that question," said Feiner. "We can't do much more than inform public employes and volunteers about their laws." There is a prevailing belief, however, that anyone injured in an immunization program would "go after the big money" — the vaccine manufacturers or state government. The flu vaccine is made from so-called killed viruses, which have been fragmented by chemicals and cannot give anyone flu itself. There have been only two deaths from flu vaccine and none since 1946, as vaccines became more refined. That should reduce the risk of vaccine injuries and lawsuits, according to legal experts interviewed. As a precaution, however, persons allergic to eggs are advised not to get a swine flu shot because the vaccine is grown in fertilized chicken eggs. Dr. George Galasso, chief of the infectious diseases branch in the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, been involved." would be impossible to give .Galassowasoneofthefirstto shots m time to halt the spread, • • he said. mine how many of the 5,000 persons who received experimental flu shots experienced adverse reactions such as a sore arm, headache or fever. The 10 per cent adverse reaction rate reported in some publications "is really way off base," be said. "For anything that can realistically be called reactivegenic, its a very low per cent, at least in adults. In children, it's really too early to say because not enough have get an experimental test shot. Ironically, he was classified as a minor adverse reaction when, in fact, he received a placebo snot without any vaccine in it. "In adults all we can say right now is that the reactivity certainly is no worse than the influenza vaccines of the last year or two which is to say there isn't much reactivity," he said. Perhaps the most difficult task the government health experts are facing is the negative opinion expressed by some influential publications and spokesmen such as Dr. Sidney M. Wolfe of Ralph Nader's Research Group. They are urging the government to stockpile the vaccine but not actually give the shots until swine flu breaks out. It hasn't been seen yet in the Southern Hemisphere where it is almost the winter flu season, they argue, and shots this fall would provide little help if any swine flu didn't appear until a year from now. On that score, Meriwether and his boss, Dr. Theodore Cooper, HEW assistant secretary for health, are vehement. "As I've said al) along, I hope we're wrong and it doesn't reappear," Cooper said. "But the day it hits that first town, they'll be knocking down the door saying, 'Why didn't you do something?"' Meriwether believes all the warning signs are there for another worldwide epidemic similar to the swine flu disaster of 1918-19 that killed 20 million persons including 548,000 in the United States. Influenza epidemics spread like wildfire, he said, like the Asian flu in 1957-58 which kil|ed' 69,800 Americans and the Hong Kong flu in 196849 which killed 33,800. Immunization from the vaccine takes two weeks, and it A very touchy situation has arisen in Canada, where 80 per cent of Canadians live within 100 miles of the U.S. border, Meriwether said. Canada has "expressed interest but made no formal re- quest'' for swiie flu vaccine, raising sensitive questions about the United States' obligation to her northern neighbor, he said. Falls (Mi.) Fri., June 25, 1976 14 SUNDAY SWISS STEAK —ROAST BEEF-BAKED HAM FRIED CHICKEN - ROAST TURKEY Sundays, 8:00a.m. to 2:00 p.m. (Diners lliMti>Z:M) Moidays thru Saturdays t: 31 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. HIDE'S CAFE CORNER LINCOLN & MILL LANTERN CAFE 223 East Lincoln Miityf Spttial- Chicken *2°° Sfecial- CHEf JOHN'S ITALIAN SPAGHETTI A MEATBALLS ALL YOU CAN EAT - Writes! 1 !) Special STEAKS 2 FORTHE m PR1CEOF I -Tiirsiij Sptcul- ROAST ROUND OF BEEF, AUJUS $300 -Friday Special- Torsk «2" -Satirtaf Special- BARBECUED BEEF RIBS 1300 Specia Is served 5 p.m. to 10:30 -NOONSPECiAL- Soup& Sandwich 99< Order Off Menu For Breakfasts, Lunches A Dinners 0pen 7a.m.lo la.m. Be«r & Set Up; AMC announces tra special sale. liniited rime this sporty X option package at no extra charge. Right r.ov.- X marks an exira special deal at AMC Dealers. Buy any r.ev.' '76 Custom Gyemlin'X.Horr.e'. Kpcr:about X or Hornet Hatchback X end Al'.C vail ciler you Ine special "X" package c! sporty opUcns al no extra charge. And you'll get something no cr.e else oilers ctanyorice 1 a'.ltheboriciits ol AMC's exclusive BUYER PROTECTION PLAN'. C-jilon Specia'." X" Slot-style GremUrTX' U:ip*?sand wheels instrument Irin. panel. Dining Room Now Open 11 a.m. to 11 p.m Daily Lounge Open 1T a.m. to 1 a.m. Daily Top Entertainment Groups Featured Monday thru Saturday EXCELLENT FOOD AND BEVERAGES Highway 59 Soitl Fergus Falls LEE SWEDBERG Entertaining in the Lounge Nightly 5:30 to 8:30 AMCflDeaters/The Buyer Protection Ptan People. WORKER'S AUTO SALES Its! M LiKili Anm Wkcri *t Urn lifta -Firiis Fills

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