Panama City News-Herald from Panama City, Florida on June 28, 1974 · Page 1
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Panama City News-Herald from Panama City, Florida · Page 1

Panama City, Florida
Issue Date:
Friday, June 28, 1974
Page 1
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Today Is Friday, June 28, 1974 "I mean to make myself a nun, and If (succeed In that, I shall succeed In everything." — James A, Garfield A Florida Freedom Newspaper Volume 5 No. 59 The Worlds Most Beautiful Beaches Panama City, Florida Telephone 763-7621 Four Sections 28 Pages Price 10 Cents Drug Agents Get Wider Authority ST. LOUIS (UPI) - At least 380 federal drug agents have been given authority to conduct searches without warrants, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch reported Thursday. "The unpublicized action was dictated last January by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), after a bitter bureaucratic struggle that had gone on behind the scenes for six months," the newspaper said. The expanded authority was given the drug agents by cross designating them U.S. customs agents. Under authority first granted by the first Congress in 1789, customs agents are allowed to search pereofts and conveyances in border areas without first obtaining search warrants or showing probable cause. < The Post-Dispatch said some government lawyers have called the authorization a serious bypass of the guarantees of the Fourth Amendment, which protects persons from unreasonable searches. Nixon f So viet sVow Peace Nuclear Limitation Agreement Unsure Israel Counters EgyptianThreat WASHINGTON .(UPI( Israel's chief of staff, Lt. Gen. Mordechai Gur, warned Thursday that Lebanon could be turned into a "battlefield" If Egypt carried out a threat to send warplanes and antiaircraft missiles' there 4 Lebanese Prime Minister; Takieddin Solh, addressing a joint meeting of parliament's foreign relations and defense 1 committees, said the United States has assured him of its interest in "preserving Lebanon's sovereignty and the; security of its borders." 1 Solh said Lebanon cannot act as a "sentry for Israel's security" but asserted that Palestinians-have shown readiness to work out "the best solutions in order to avoid further losses in lives and property." He said that while four Arab countries have offered military aid to Lebanon in the wake of Israeli air strikes following guerrilla attacks, the government is mainly interested in securing defensive weapons, particulary antiaircraft missiles. Lebanese reports, meanwhile, said that Israeli artillery shelled the outskirts of several villages in the southeastern part of Lebanon. A Beirut press report said Oil Price HikeSeen CARACAS (UPI) - Venezuela, the leading source of American oil imports, intends to increase oil prices and taxes on petroleum companies as of July 1, Deputy Mines Minister Fernando Baez said Thursday. Baez said Venezuela would not comply with a decision taken by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries at a meeting this month in Quito, Ecuador to merely increase royalty payments by 2 percent. The actual tax payments, plus royalty payments give Venezuela about $8.80'*a barrel —close to $10 billion this year. The tax hike will be the first imposed by Venezuela since 1970, when the government eliminated the previous scaled rate for a flat 60 per cent tax. Lebanese government leaders and the guerrillas have reached an agreement on preventing future infiltration into Israel. Responding to an offer by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat to aid Lebanon in the face of Israeli reprisals for guerrilla attacks, Gur told a Tel Aviv news conference: "If they bring planes into Lebanon, if they bring antiaircraft missiles into Lebanon, they might change Lebanon into a battlefield." Gur said that any introduction of ground defenses would mean Egypt would eventually "have to bring in the whole system — SAM-2s, SAM-3s, SAM-6s." "I think that Lebanon will be in more danger if they open themselves up to this kind of thing," he said. Gur said Lebanon must resolve the situation by stop' ping guerrilla infiltration into 'Israel. "They can do it," Gur said. : "In order to prevent a, : deterioration in the situation, : they should do something now." Government sources in Beirut said Lebanon might EYE TO EYE — Soviet Communist Party Secretary Leonid Brezhnev leans •over to whisper a comment to President Richard M. Nixon as the two leaders bantered in a jovial mood for photographers prior to the first head-to-head meeting of the pair in the Kremlin. Nixon arrived in Moscow Thursday. (By UPI) . • • v Pension Reform Bili Passes Both Houses WASHINGTON (UPI) House and Senate negotiators agreed Thursday on new pension reform rules intended to guarantee some 30 million American workers they will not lose the pension benefits they earned. The bill, which may become the most important social legislation of this Congress, is expected to easily pass both House and Senate during July, and President Nixon is expected to sign it. It covers only private pension Conflict Seen With Sea Law plans, not government plans. Although the bill would not force any employer to begin a pension plan, it would establish minimum standards for how soon an employe must be brought into a plan, how soon he becomes "vested" and therefore entitled to his pension even if he quits or is fired, and how the plan must be funded and administered. The bill also would guarantee that a worker's wife or husband .will receive pension benefits if the worker dies, unless the worker himself directs otherwise. A new federal pension insurance system also is established to pay. pensions, up to $750 a month, if a company goes out of business and cannot pay its pensioners. The bill defines a worker as being "vested" when he cannot lose his pension benefits even if he is fired or quits. When he reaches retirement age under his employer's retirement plan, he is entitled to a pension based on his years of service —even if they were only the minimum' number of years for vesting and he has not worked for that company for years. Thus a person who had vested pension rights after 10 years of service with an employer but spent the rest of his career with other employers would be a full participant in the first employer's pension plan the same as an employe who had spent his whole career there. They would not get the same pensions. MOSCOW (UPI) - President Nixon and Communist party Secretary Leonid I. Brezhnev vowed Thursday to seek lasting world peace as their week of summit talks got under way in an atmosphere of flag-waving, laughing conviviality. The two leaders bantered and joked like old friends from the moment Nixon's "Spirit of'76" jetliner touched down from Brussels until, more than six hours later, they turned serious with champagne toasts to one another at the Soviet state banquet in the Kremlin. First Brezhnev and then Nixon rose in the 15th Century Granovit Hall, former czarist audience chamber of the Kremlin palace, and noted the difficulties facing them in attempting to bring a halt to the nuclear arms race. "To peace and friendship between the peoples of the Soviet Union and the United States of America," Brezhnev concluded, raising his glass. "To lasting peace all over the world." Nixon arose, and against a background of biblical and czarist murals, responded: "We both seek peace, but we. seek a peace that is more than simply the absence of war. We seek peace because of the positive progress it can bring to both our peoples." Nixon said the two leaders must do everything possible to negotiate agreements that will lessen the armaments burden and the danger of war, and continued: "But we must go farther and Even so, the leaders were give to every Individual in our hopeful of progress toward an two countries a positive stake in agreement and expanding the peace. Because this is the only trade and economic accords way...we can establish a reached in their two previous relationship that will last." summit meetings. Both U.S. and Soviet officials From the very beginning of were saying that substantive this third meeting, the bond of agreement on limiting nuclear friendship between Nixon and weaponry is not expected Brezhnev was apparent. They during the summit because of patted each other on the back the differences on the approach often and walked arm-in-arm. to curtailing multiple warhead The President said the Soviet missiles. (See PEACE, Page 2A.) Nixon's Visit WorriesChina HONG KONG (UPI) - China is concerned over President Nixon's trip to the Soviet Union, apparently fearful that the visit will ease East-West tensions at Peking's expense. Diplomatic sources observe that any improvement in relations between the Soviet Union and the United States or between Moscow and NATO does not augur well for China. The Chinese feel that if tension in Europe is lessened, the Soviet Union will have an opportunity to bring more pressure to bear along the disputed Sino-Soviet border, where Peking claims more than a million Soviet troops already are massed. While China has made no public comment on the Nixon visit, Chinese officials have expressed deep concern in private talks with diplomats based in Peking and visitors to the capital. According to Peking-based diplomatic sources, the only bright spot the Chinese see is the fact that Nixon has gone to Moscow with a new agreement that strengthens the unity of NATO. Publicly, the Chinese scoff at the idea of American-Soviet detente, asserting that this is only a facade aimed at covering up the "contention for global hegemony" between the two "superpowers." "The two superpowers talk superficially about detente and sometimes reach agreement on (See CHINA, Page 2 A.) Beach Problem St udy Solution Put Forth BY KEN RETHERFORD City Editor Several methods and alternatives for beach renourish- ment were discussed Thursday night at a meeting conducted by the Mobile Corps of Engineers at the beach civic center. Col. Drake Wilson, representing the Corps, said the most feasible solution to the beach erosion problem at this time would be the dredging method, when erosion reached the stone, which would pump sand onto "There would then be no the some 16.5 miles of beaches beaches remaining," he said, from Phillips inlet to St. Another method, groins, Andrews State Park at a cost of would have seawall-type struc- $4.1 million. tures build along the beaches He told the approximately 50 stretching from the shore into persons gathered that the Corps tne water. It would anchor the is not allowed to do work on present shoreline but the CARACAS (UPI) President Nixon called on the Third U.N. Conference on the Law of the Sea Thursday to draft new agreements before serious conflict" develops on use of the oceans. ?A message from Nixon was read by U.S. Special Ambassador John R. Stevenson after the 148 nations at the conference finally resolved a week-long procedural dispute over voting. JNixon said that the need for a new set of laws on the oceans has become much more urgent since he first made a policy statement on the matter four years ago. ('The delegates to this conference have a unique opportunity to create in advance of serious conflict a framework of law, an^ to insure that mankind will use the unfolding benefits of the oceans rationally and equlta- ' bly," Nixon's message said. "The United States will do its part to reach an agreement in spirit befitting the Importance of this conference," the President said. An agreement on voting procedures to be implemented at the 10-week conference, described as history's largest international meeting, was achieved Thursday. The major maritime powers, including the United States, the Se n ateReport Note s Campaign Schemes WASHINGTON. (UPI) - A Senate Watergate committee staff report charged Thursday that President Nixon's reelec-. tlon camp engaged in a Soviet Union and Japan, as well systematic scheme to raise as a group of landlocked coun- millions of dollars through cor- StockmenGet Credit Boost WASHINTON (UPI) — The House Agriculture Commmit- tee gave overwhelming approval today to a $2 billion credit guarantee bill for livestock and poultry producers who claim they are in financial straits because of low prices. By a 28-2 vote, the panel adopted the bill after making several changes in a Senatepassed version including tighter limits on credit guarantees. There's More Abby Classified Comics Crossword Deaths Editorial Society Sp«rjs Stocks INDEX •Or 5A 8-14 12 -A 8B 2A 4-A ISA 2>5B 6-B The committee also adopted looser eligibility standards which would make some nonfarmers eligible for loan guarantees along with the "bona fide farmers and ranchers" included under the Senate bill, , House farm leaders said they planned to seek a floor vote on the bill next week as part of an effort to stave off bankruptcies. Under the bill, the government could guarantee private lenders against loss on up to 80 per bent of loans to eligible livestock and poultry producers at nqrmal commercial Interest rates. Individual producers could, get guarantees on loans of up to $350,000. The Senate bill would allow guarantees to cover up to 90 per cent of the credit and contained no ceiling on the total amount of guarantees. tries, had sought approval of measures only by large majorities in order to counter the numerical advantages'en­ joyed by a large number of developing countries. Under the agreement, the conference will seek consensus whenever possible, but if that is not achieved, a five to 10-day "cooling-off" period will be called after which a vote will be taken. Measures are then to be adopted by a two-thirds majarity of nations present and voting. The two-thirds majority must be at least the equivalent of 51 per cent of the countries participating in that particular session of the conference. "The rules should facilitate a generally acceptable treaty," Stevenson said, "I think the, rules provide for a reasonable effort to achieve consensus." Nurses Back On Duty Tod ay SAN FRANCISCO (UPI) — More than 4,000 striking nurses were expected to begin returning to work Friday at 41 hospitals and clinics in Northern California after a three- week walkout over staffing conditions. Members of the California nurses Association were voting on a new contract offer Thursday night, and an affirmative vote was predicted. The walkout crippled private medical facilities from Sacramento to San Jose. porate executives and middle-management personnel. The report, which will become part of the committee's final report to be submitted to the Senate this week, said the scheme originally began with the so-called "Fortune 500" cor­ porations and eventually reached a total of 1,893. The law prohibits campaign contributions by corporations but does not prohibit Contributions by corporate officials. So far, about a dozen corporations have pleaded guilty to campaign violations. The report, prepared by David Dorsen, assistant chief counsel, said the so-called "Corporate Group Solicitation Program" (CGSP) was conceived in 1972 by Newell P. 1 I NEWS ROUNDUP I Gruening Dead WASHINGTON (UPI) — Former Sen. Ernest Gruening — journalist, governor and one of the first members of Congress to call for American withdrawal from Vietnam —is dead. Active almost to the end, Gruening succumbed to cancer Wednesday evening at age 87. Funeral arrangements were incomplete. Two U.S. Bases Closed BANGKOK, Thailand (UPI) - The United States stepped up the pace of its military withdrawal from Southeast Asia Thursday and announced it was shutting down two air bases in Thailand and sending home 39 more warplanes, including nine B52s. The United States and Thailand announced jointly that two of the six American air bases in Thailand would be closed and 30 F4 Phantom jet fighterbombers, as well as nine of the 32 remaining B52 heavy bombers, flown back to the United States. Economists Want Tax Cut WASHINGTON (UPI) — A panel of nine prominent economists called Thursday for an immediate tax reduction for low to moderate income groups coupled with tax reforms to boost their declining buying power. Opium Cache Confiscated SAIGON (UPI) — A South Vietnamese navy cutter has seized a Thai vessel loaded with 4,400 pounds of raw opium six miles south of Con Son Island, the Saigon military command said Thursday. The opium, once refined into heroin, would bring a potential $250,000 a pound for a total $110 million at retail on the streets of New York, narcotics experts said. ^ Weed Jr., vice chairman of the Finance Committee to Re-elect the President, and Harold B. Scott. Weed and Scott were quoted, in a report apparently addressed to finance committee chairman Maurice H. Stans, as saying: "A typical corporate goal would be to solicit a group of 500 employes and receive an 80 per cent response with an average gift of $100 which would provide a combined donation of $40,000. A continuing base of only 500 firms nationwide with this average result would produce a national total of $20 million and this is a practical goal if organized properly over the new few years." Meantime Sen. James A. McClure, R-Idaluv charged on the Senate floor that the Watergate committee skipped over the possible influence of labor unions in the 1972 presidential campaign. "Why," McClure asked in prepared remarks, "was there no testimony taken from labor leaders by the committee in its investigation? "How can the Senate draft and adopt proper and effective campaign reform legislation without knowing the degree of involvement of corporations supportive of both sides of the political spectrum and of labor leaders and labor unions in campaigns?" The report will be submitted to the Senate by midnight Sunday, but will not be released to the public until the week of July 7. The committee also is expected to make public much of the evidence it has gathered as well as the ^transcripts of its executive meetings. privately owned lands and it would be necessary for property owners along the beaches to relinquish a portion of their property back to the public domain before the work could be started. The nearest deadline he could set for work to be started would be two to three years from now. Drake said the Federal Omnibus Bill under which this project would fall is passed every other year and one was passed recently. One of the methods declared unfeasible for this area was revetment, which involved armoring the dunes or bulkhead lines with stone to prevent erosion past that point. Drake said the problem would come remainder of the beaches would be lost to erosion. Several interested citizens querried Drake about the setback line and Drake told them the Corps would go along with whatever the state comes up with. A majority of the assemblage seemed to favor the renourish- ment plan, although several expressed negative feelings toward it. ' Walter Howard of the Bay County Environmental Council, said insufficient data about the erosion has been put forth to determine whether renourish- ment is needed at this time. He suggested the voters of the. (See BEACH, Page 2 A.) Atlanta More Peaceful Now ATLANTA (UPI) - About 200 demonstrators, their protest broken up by police in a violent confrontation 24 hours earlier, marched peacefully through a driving rain Thursday after Mayor Maynard Jackson intervened to head off further trouble. Jackson accused police of "over - reaction" and police Major C. C. Hamby later told the marchers to go ahead because "the mayor has issued an executive order and it is a legal march." The demonstrators, carrying signs saying "(Police Chief John) Inman Must Go," "Decoy Squad Must Go," and "Inman the Dictator" paraded to a park from their assembly area at the tomb of the late Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. There they held a brief rally and dispersed. Police, who had blocked a demonstration protesting the shooting of a black youth Wed nesday in a violent confron tation, cordoned off streets and accompanied the marchers. Jackson, who returned here hurriedly from a mayors' con ference at San Diego, criticized police for "overrea^tlon" and march leader rev. Ho^ea Williams of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, for allegedly breaking a promise not to march. Both he and Gov. Jimmy Carter called for calm. The Wednesday melee, in which seven persons, including some police. WEATHER Forecast — Partly cloudy with northerly winds less than eight miles per hour. High today in the mid 80s. Low tonight in the mid 60s. TIDES Panama City: High, 6:48 a.m.; low, 6:04 p.m. Port St. Joe: High, 8:07 a.m.; low, 6:57 p.m. Apalachicola: High, 10:36 a.m.; low, 7:36 p.m. Sunrise, 5:42 a.m. Sunset, 7:44 p.m. RIVER READINGS Jim Woodruff Dam, 44.5. Blounstown River Landing, 5.5. Open gulf temperature near77. ' • ' " "."•»

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