THE LUDINGTON DAILY NEWS VOLUM^ XLX, NO. 2. LUDINGTON, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, OCT. 31, 1939. PRIC£, THREE CENTS. ITALIAN CABINET All LED 'GAG RULE' IS CHARGED BY Grange Master Opposes U.S. Entrance In War Administration Hopes for Quick Victory in Repeal of Arms Embargo WASHINGTON, Oct. 31.—(#>) —An opposition cry of "gag rule" heralded a furious House debate today over arms embargo repeal, but a last-minute survey TRAVERSE CITY, Oct. 31.—(/P) —C. H. Bramble, master of the Michigan State Grange in his , message opening the annual con- Ivention here today asked the secret society for farmers to go on record against American involvement in any foreign war, (against "unfair provisions" of | the state's intangible tax law and to support forcing labor unions to incorporate. "Never again will our sons be slain in war on. foreign soil," the master declared in his report to the Grange's G8th annual convention. of Democratic members bol- "On our soil only will we sacri- stered administration hopes for fice our sons and our lives to pro- a quick victory tect and preserve our free insti- The administration sought to tutions and liberties from foreign have the House adopt parliamentary procedure which would complete action on the Senate neutrality bill before the weekend. Embargo advocates, after trying unsuccessfully to block the proposal in the rules committee Monday, carried their invaders.' Bramble served notice, however, that he would not permit the neutrality bill pending in Congress to be mentioned on the convention floor on the ground it is a partisan political issue. Turning to Michigan's own political problems, he urged the Grange to throw the weight of ,its fight to the floor. Rep. Fish (R-NY), leader of the embargo forces, called the procedure a "vicious gag," contending that it would not let the i tangible tax law. He members offer any amendments that the act favored to the Senate legislation. Chairman Sabath (D-I11), on the other hand, asserted that the bill was being handled in the normal way, and pointed out that the House itself could decide how long it wished the debate to continue. "I am getting fed up on this political buncombe," he added. Rep. Boland of Pennsylvania, the Democratic whip, announced that on the basis of a more-than-half-completed poll of Democratic members, he r certain no major change wouia be made in the Senate bill. Under the procedure approved by the rules committee after a stormy hearing, the House would" vote on setting up a Senate-House committee which would seek a compromise between: IT?-- senate bill repealing the embargo on the sale to belligerents of arms, ammunition and implements of war. 2. A bill passed by the House last summer retaining the embargo on arms and ammunition but permitting sale of implements of war. Some members interpret the latter as authorizing the sale of planes. Both measures would restrict American shipping by establishing "cash and carry" trade with warring nations. Administration supporters believe that the joint committee would give prompt approval to the Senate 'bill repealing the embargo. Pish announced, however, that he would try to get the House to instruct the conferees to retain the embargo on arms and ammunition. 40,000 members behind a fight to remove what he termed "unfair provisions" from the new in- charged wealthy persons at the expense of per- of one percent of the face value of the security. That celling, he asserted, meant that a security having a high rate of interest would be taxed the same as those yielding only moderate returns. "That is favoritism," Bramble charged. "The men most able to pay, pay the least." He called for legislation forbidding the sale of intoxicating beverages outside incorporated cities and villages, and urged the Grange to "elect dry township boards." STEPS TAKEN TO PROTECT SHIP'SJIREW Ask Belligerents Not to Endanger Lives of City of Flint Personnel THESE 4-H CLUB WINNERS GET SCHOLARSHIPS, TOO Ten Men in Custody in De-1 troit, Saginaw, Flint and Pontiac sons of modest means. He praised the theory of the intangible tax, but contended it is inequitable because it contains a provision that the 6 percent levy on the revenue produced by income producing properties in no case shall exceed three tenths DETROIT, men were in custody today in Detroit, Saginaw, Flint and Pontiac as city and state police investigated what they said was an organized band of safecrackers operating throughout the state. Inspector Edward Graff, chief of the Detroit police holdup WASHINGTON, Oct. 31.—(/P> —The United States asked both Britain and Germany today to , avoid any action which would I imperil unnecessarily the cap' tive American crew aboard the j Freighter City of Flint, now 1 somewhere in the blockaded North Sea bound for Germany. While the American request did not ask precautions against any specific action it was learned that two eventualities were most feared by officiate: First, that the German prize crew might blow up the vessel if British warships attempted to capture her. Second, that the British might sink the ship. The latter possibility was held by most officials to be less likely, as it was believed the British would prefer to take the vessel which was carrying a cargo to England when the Germans seized her two weeks ago. The state department instructed Ambassador Joseph P. Ken- E WASHINGTON, Oct. 31.—(#)— Proclaming Thursday, Nov. 23, as a day of general thanksgiving, President Roosevelt asked today that thanks be offered "for the hope that lives within us" of the coming of an eventual world peace. The proclamation designated the next to last Thursday instead of the last Thursday in the month as Thanksgiving day in accordance with Mr. Roosevelt's decision to move up the holiday fqr business reasons. Some states, however, have decided to celebrate Nov. 30. Mr. Roosevelt said in the proclamation that it was fitting to continue a "hallowed custom" begun by President Washington when he asked the nation to lay down all tasks for one day in the year and give thanks ror the blessings granted toy divine providence. Two of Group Are Described as Being 'Potentially Dangerous' IONIA, Oct~~~3 !.—(#>)—State and county police searched today for three inmates of the Michigan state hospital who escaped Monday after cutting window .bars with a hacksaw. Dr. Perry C. Robertson, medical superintendent at the hospital, said two of the three were "potentially dangerous." Their flight was discovered at 7:30 Monday night. The three were Sammy Davis, 35; Lloyd Lockner, 23, and Hobart Erickson, 40. Davis, reputed to be a former Purple gangster of Detroit, and Erickson, of Ironwood, were the pair described as "potentially dangerous." Davis was committed by Wayne county recorder's court in 1934 after he had evaded police seeking him for two years in connection with the slaying of Sam Gould, also reputed to be a gangster. When rmally apprehended he had married a New York girl and was operating a filling station near New Rochelle, N. Y. Erickson was committed toy Gogebic circuit court in 1936 before a scheduled trial on charges of murdering his brother. Lockner, of Detroit, believed to have been the ringleader in the escape, was committed by Wayne county recorder's court before his trial on larceny charges. squad, said he believed the gang was responsible for a hundred or more crimes, including the fatal shooting of a night watchman and the wounding of another in robberies during recent months. Frank Nelson, chief of detec- | lives in Pontiac, said Saginaw locksmith, George R. MacCon-1 nell, 49, had admitted furnishing i the gang with detailed plans of safes and the 'best method to j crack them. Nelson quoted MacConnell as saying he gave the information to the gang when they threatened him. Graff said information concerning the gang first developed after the arrest here last week of Walter Brown, 29, of Pontiac. He said Brown had confessed several crimes and implicated others. Also in custody were Frank Brown, 36, of Pontiac, brother of Walter; Jack Luppino, 41, Paul Bassalla, 28, and Sam Bassalla, 41, all of Wyandotte; Sam Ricca, 48, Frnnk Scully, 38, James Ver- occo and Bovenbre (Bill) Boggio, all of Flint. In the Villa Borghese, Rome's largest municipal park, there is a clock operated entirely by water power. The water drops from a fountain and is caught in a series of descending cups to provide mechanical energy. *—#-#-#! * * * i * * i BIG HALLOWE'EN PARTY at TODD-L-INN Noise Makers, Hats- Fun Galore. German Band. Come! in and have a Good Time. •#— x— nedy in London and Alexander C. Kirk, United States charge d'affaires in Berlin, to ask the British and German governments to avoid exposing the American crew to unnecessary danger. j In connection with official j fears of some perilous occurrence it was .recalled here that the radio operator of the City of Flint, who slipped ashore at Tomsoe, Norway, when the ship first reached there more than a week ago, related that members of the German prize crew said they were planting explosives j with the intention of blowing her up if necessary to avoid her | falling into the hands of the* British. Eight expert young 4-H club dairymen are awarded a $250 college scholarship each in a dairy production demonstration contest at the San Francisco world's fair. The winners are, reading clockwise from lower left, Eugene Berryhill of North Caro- lina, Earle Uzzell of Maryland, Vernon Bolte of Maryland, L. D. George of New Mexico, Gordon McNeill of Nebraska, Lee Snowden of New Mexico, John McDowell of North Carolina and in center of group, Don Tracy of Nebraska. Youngsters Are Ready For Hallowe'en Party CIO Leader Is Beaten in Night ADRIAN, Oct. 31.— (fP)— Carl Woll, 50, president of local 268, United Auto Workers union (CIO), reported to police today that he was beaten Monday night by two unidentified men who came to his home and said they wanted to discuss labor matters. Woll, a resident of Adrian for many years, was bruised about the face and ribs b'ut did not require hospital attention. The union headed by Woll called the American Cable Co. strike which has been going on here for more than three weeks. A member of the state labor mediation board is in the city attempting to settle the strike. Sate police also are on duty here. Boys Wreck Car, Both in Hospital LANSING, Oct. 3l._(#)_A 15- year-old Flint boy who took his parents' car without permission and a companion were in a serious condition in Sparrow hospital here today as the result of a smash-up near Lansing Monday night. State police said John Hillaker, 15, Flint, was driving 85 miles an hour when the automobile left a curve on M-78, north of this city. He suffered severe head injuries and his companion. Kenneth Taylor, also IS, of Flint, may Attack Proposal to Tax Material in Public Projects LANSING, Oct. 31.— (JP\— The state's plan to add $1,000,000 a year to revenues by extending the three percent sales tax to contractors employed in federal and state construction projects was under fire today. The state board of tax administration, which administers the three oercent levy on sales, was to hear protests at a public hearing. Materials used in federal and state building projects were exempt from the tax until recently. State Treasurer Miller Dunckel, a member of the tax board, said he would oppose extension of the levy as a subterfuge. The taxing of contractors for materials that go into federal and state projects is equivalent to imposing the levy directly upon governmental units which the sales tax act specifically exempts, he argued. Youths Arrested by City Police Four Ludington youths ranging in age from 12 to 14 years, apprehended by city police Monday night for destructive Hallowe'en pranks, are to be arraigned in juvenile court before Judge Owen J. Gavigan Wednesday afternoon. The youths are charged with throwing stones at passing automobiles, it was learned. City police also reported that they expected to sometime today, apprehend, three other _4 have a broken back. Ludington youths, charged with shooting the windows out of a building on South Washington avenue with an air-rifle. 1 WEATHER Weather Forecast Lower Michigan: ' Occasional light rain or snow tonight; Wednesday mostly cloudy, slightly colder, snow flurries'in north and extreme east portions. " Detroit and Vicinity: Occasional light rain or possibly snow showers tonight; Wednesday mostly cloudy and slightly colder with snow flurries; moderate shifting winds becoming fresh to moderately strong northwesterly Wednesday. The sun sets today at 5:28 and rises Wednesday at 7:05. The moon rises Tuesday at 8:13. Temperature at coast guard station for 24 hours ending at 7 a. m.: Maximum 44, minimum 43. BY FIRE Damage to Block-Long Plant Is Estimated at $500,000 GRAND RAPIDS, Oct. 31.—(£>)— The Mclnerney Spring and Wire company, manufacturers of automobile pa'Tts, today estimated a loss of $500,000 in a fire which ravaged its block-long plant here Monday afternoon. Spreading rapidly after an oven exploded in the enameling department of the plant, the blaze swept through the entire building, endangering 600 workers on the day shift. All available apparatus from the city and suburbs fought to bring the fire under control, and thousands of persons looked on from the vantage point of the bleachers at South high school athletic field nearby. Four firemen were burned or cut toy flying glass. They were Harry Olson, 44; Alex Reiffer, 41, Miller McVeigh, 43, and Nick Balkema, 43. The plant, which had employed 1,1000 men on three shifts, made automobile seat springs. Heat Wave Again Hits California LOS ANGELES, Oct. 31.—(/P)— Southern California's Indian summer, which has Mother Nature so confused she is sending out spring buds on trees and plants, went right on today with prospects pointing to more discomfort. The weather bureau, which reported a high of 99 degrees Monday, foresaw no relief before Wednesday. Clouds which formed during the night gave indication of higher humidity than the 12 percent recorded Monday. Most of California felt the unseasonable warmth. San Francisco's maximum of 81 was the highest on record for Oct. 30. Although Los- Angeles' all- time high for Oct. is 102, this month's mean is 71.4 degrees. Highest mean heretofore is the LOCATION CHANGED Ludirigton's annual Hal- lowe'en party, originally scheduled to be held on Lud- ingtoji avenue, will be held on James street between Ludington avenue and Loomis street, it was a.nnounced by Police Chief T. J. Barber • shortly after noon today. Permission to hold the party on Ludington avenue was refused .by the state highway department because the street is a state highway. All is in. readiness, it was learned this morning, for the ibig annual community Hallowe'- en party 'scheduled to be held tonight on Ludington avenue between James street and Rath! avenue between the hours of 7:30 and 9:30 p. m. Tonight is the night 'when witches and hob-goblius romp I about and if enthusiasm shown i Winnie Judd Back In Cell ON HOSPITAL PHOENIX, Ariz., Oct. 31,—(/P) —Winnie Ruth Judd, "literally a wild woman," who sobbed and screamed and threw things until given a sedative to quiet her, was back in the Arizona state hospital for the insane today, care- by some of the city youngsters is any criterion, one of the largest crowds in the three year history of the event should be pres- , ent. I Officials announced this i morning that plans for the event [ I were complete, including ar- I rangement for the cider and I doughnuts. Prizes for all the contests are on hand and waiting to be awarded to some eager youngster. Led by a special band, the children, many in weird, grotesque costumes will congregate j on Ludington avenue in front of the courthouse and wind their way dawn the avenue in a big Hallowe'en snake-dance to the Tjarty area. A costume contest in which prizes will be awarded for the funniest, most unusual and most elaborate costumes, will be held to be followed by all the interesting contests for boys and girls. Roy Grotemat will be in charge of the amateur entertainment program. Officials declared today they would like to see every youngster in the city at the party tonight. Fun galore is assured one and all with plenty of refreshments and entertainment. fully guarded. The mad 1 trunk killer, dirty, 71-degree figure 1918. for October, The Cherokees of North Carolina speak a "lipless language." Very few of their words require the lips to come together. Typical words are Tuckaseegee, upkempt and half-starved, who sad she saw "horrible things" during her six days of freedom, was caught Monday night leaving an attache's home on the hospital grounds which she had entered to obtain food. Her shoes were gone. There were holes in her stockings. Bruises and scratches on her legs indicated she had fallen or bumped into objects while wandering in the dark. One ankle was sprained and she had fashioned a brace from a girdle. In a pillow slip she carried bread crusts, several cans of soup, spaghetti, a glass of jelly, Pranksters Are Warned by Police Hallowe'en pranksters in. Ludington, who expect to tear up the town tonight, were cautioned this morning by Chief of Police T. J. Barber stroying property about de- or committing- other malignant acts. "The police department," Mr. Barber said, "has had numerous complaints to date about various forms of Hallowe'en deviltry so tonight, in addition to the regular police force, six special officers will patrol the city with instructions to pick up anyone apprehended lor committing any of the more vicious Hallow- e'en pranks.." One of the pranks that will not be tolerated this year, Chief and a nearly green, orange from Barber declared, is letting air which she had sucked the juice. Plan Arraignment of Airplane-Killer MACON, Mo., Oct. 31.—(/?)—• Macon County Prosecuting Attorney Vincent S. Moody said he would file first degree murder charges today against Earnest Pletch, 29, confessed mid-air slayer of Carl Bivens, Brookfield, Mo., flying instructor. The 23-year-old Moody—Missouri's youngest prosecutor—said he would not file charges of kid- naping and airplane theft against Pletch unless he failed to get a conviction on the murder charge. Pletch is guarded by a special detail of officers at the county jail here because of threats of "revenge" at Bivens' home town. He was arrested Saturday night at Bloomington, Ind. Officials of Macon and two adjoining Northern Missouri counties—Linn and Shelby—agreed out of automobile tires. "Last year quite a few motorists ruined one or two perfectly good tires because they did not discover what had happened until the tire had been damaged. This act can be classified as destruc- More Names Added to List of Contributors to Fund Campaign Preliminary report from Ouster townships added the following names today to a list of contributors to the current drive for funds with which to complete' a new hospital building for Mason county: Fisher's store, W. E. Reader & Co., Martin Olson, Joseph Lais- konas, Custer Lumber Co., Joseph Sanders, Adam Balakavage and family, George Chisholm, B. T. Hackmuth, Floyd Wood, Mrs. Ina Kaye, Mr. and Mrs. Willard Cox, Mr. and Mrs. H. Peterson. Mr. and Mrs. Ollie Reynolds, Mr. and Mrs. Marville Miller, Mr. and Mrs. McGee, Mr. and Mrs. E. Ohse, Mr. and Mrs. Zagars, Mr. and Mrs. M. Ely, Mr. and Mrs. Roy Thomas, Miss Bertram, Mr. and Mrs. Ruben Wheaton, Mr. and Mrs. Roy Henry, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Comstock. Mr. and Mrs. Beiiak, Mrs. Nielsen, Mr. and Mrs. Louis Hansen, Mr. and Mrs. Baldysh, Mr. and Mrs. Dobias, Mr. and Mrs. Taylor Gilmore, Mrs. Luspin, Mr. and Mrs. Will Cox, Mr. and Mrs. Don McFarland, Mr. and Mrs. Roy Camfield, Mr. and Mrs. Ontl. John Griguit, Herman Sommerfeldt, Andrew Anderson, Mrs. Earl Johnson, Fred Smith, William Weeks, Mr. and Mrs. George Mallison, Herman Siedler, Ferdinand Johnson, Alec Layman, McKinley McClellan, Herman Schultz, Casimer Puisis, Anna Boyer, George Polapis. Mrs. Charles Reader of Custer village, chairman for Custer township, said a few reports still remained to be received from that tqwnship. Preliminary report from Pere Marquette township: Mr. and Mrs. Lowell Beach, Marchido school PT-A, Mr. and Mrs. John Butz, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Dursma, Mr. and Mrs. Walter Butters, Mr. and Mrs. William Bradshaw, Mrs. Amy Inman, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Bieger. Others from Ludington: Miss Anna Butler, Mrs. Albert Bradshaw, Mrs. Alfreda O'Connell, Mrs. William Strain, Hume Grocery Co., Mr. and Mrs. Dean Johnston. EUROPE ACTION TAKEN BY MUSSOLINI . .1 German Ambassador Leave$ 'Rome Suddenly for 'an Ex- | traordinary Reason' ] (By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS)! A shakeup of high military and Fascist leaders by Premier Mussolini and the sudden departure of the German ambassador today stirred the Italian end of the Rome-Berlin axis to its first activity since the European war started. The German embassy attributed to "an extraordinary reason" the departure of Ambassador Von Mackenseri, who went home Sunday, but shed no further light on his trip. Mussolini, who has refrained from any initiative since his axis partner's Invasion of Poland involved Germany in war with France and Britain, changed seven cabinet ministers and the army and Fascist militia chiefs-of-staff. Foreign diplomats in Rome attributed the sweeping changes to conditions within the Fascist party, but some observers saw evidence of lessening German influence in Rome, an interpretation that French diplomatic circles put on the shakeup. The turnover gave new posts to two high Fascists credited with pro-Germany sympathies. Achille Starce exchanged the Fascist party secretaryship for the 'post of chief of the militia's general staff .and" Dino Alfieri, former propaganda minister, was appointed ambassador awaiting assignment. Marshal Rodolfo Graziani became the Italian army's chief of staff replacing General Alberto Parianl, who last spring conferred with the German' chief of staff, General Wilhelm Keitel, on joint German-Italian military plans...; -• -, ----Whether the changes foreshadows a shift in Italy's policies of neutrality 'or of cooperation with Germany remained unclear. Recent reports from Southeast Europe have indicated Rome was bending her efforts toward forging a block of neutral states that would make Italian influence over Russian and the Balkans. paramount German in Europe looked meanwhile toward Moscow for a clarification of Russian alms at an extraordinary session of the' Supreme Soviet which' starts today. Judging by Soviet press comment most observers believed jBritain and France would be urged to make peace with Germany A Finnish delegation prepared to return to Moscow with Finland's reply to undisclosed Soviet proposals. STATE FK5U.S. tion of property as some others.' much as SHERIFF SPEAKS AT LIONS CLUB Sheriff -George L. Colyer was guest speaker at the 'regular weekly meeting of Ludington Lions' club at Hotel Stearns Monday night. Speaking on liquor and the problem of controlling its sale, Mr. Colyer spoke in behalf of a 12 o'clock closing law and for no sale of intoxicants on Sundays. He also advocated fewer licenses, one for each 1,000 population. Telling of observations and efforts of the Michigan Sheriffs' association, of which he Pletch shot Bivens as they flew I is president, Mr. Colyer said he Hiawassee, Junaluskee, Culasa- over Macon county and, there- felt the present set-up is in- jee, Nantahala. fore, should be tried here. International at-a-Glance (By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS) ROME—Mussolini shakes up cabinet and military command; German ambassador returns to Berlin. MOSCOW—Russian Parliament meets in extraordinary session. HELSINKI—Finnish delegation prepares to return to Moscow with reply to Soviet proposals; diet hastens action to give government wartime powers. BERLIN — Artillery breaks quiet of Western front.; four enemy planes downed. PARIS — Germans shell French town six miles behind front. BASEL—New German troop concentrations reported in WASHINGTON, Oct. 31. Members of the Michigan Bean Shippers association of Saginaw were charged with restraint of trade in the purchase and sale of beans and other farm commodities in a complaint issued Monday by the Federal Trade commission. Through their association, the commission asserted, the members combined to restrain competition through control of prices, coercion of Michigan buyers and sellers of farm commodities to adhere to their program, and prevention of the growth of certain new methods of marketing. "The members allegedly constitute a majority of the elevator men and jobbers buying and selling beans, barley, wheat and other farm comodities in Michigan which produces 80 percent of the national navy bean output," the FTC said. adequate In many respects. Black forest area. CENSORSHIP AND INDEPENDENCE News from warring nations is subject to strict censorship. It may sometimes be misleading. It is the right and duty of every American citizen to do his own thinking, hold to his own beliefs and not permit himself or bis, country to become a victim of emotionalism or propaganda, THE NEWS.
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