Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on July 26, 1948 · Page 6
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 6

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Mason City, Iowa
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Monday, July 26, 1948
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Page 6
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EDITORIALS Berlin Crisis Today Is of Our Own Manufacture T HERE just isn't any blinking the fact that our current embarrassment in Berlin has its roots in some' unbelievably slovenly diplomacy. It stems from Potsdam, Yalta and military negotiations in the waning phases of the war. The blunders were several: One was our agreement with Russia to stop at an appointed line when our troops were in a position to take over most of Germany, including Berlin. Another was our agreement to a joint occupation of Berlin without a provision for a corridor through which we could transport supplies by rail or truck. A LL of this, of course, goes back to the days when our white house and state department felt that any concession was justified if it would have the effect of keeping Russia in the war. But why it continued—as it did continue •—after the war was won is a matter which calls for a good bit of explaining. After deliberately halting the advance on Berlin at the Elbe, our advance on Czechoslovakia at Pilzen and our advance into Austria after the surrender of all German forces in that country, we had to beg and bargain for representation in the Berlin government. A large part of German territory in American hands was turned over to Russia as a part of the price of getting U. S. troops into Berlin. O UR diplomats, probably with public approval, operated on the assumption that Russia had overnight turned honorable. We turned chivalrous. Now that chivalry of 3 or 4 years ago is identified as appeasement. A hard-boiled military policy would have enabled America to occupy nearly ail of Germany, along with Czechoslovakia and Austria. A realistic diplomatic policy would have insured us, at the least, of free access to Berlin. This is another way of saying that the Berlin crisis existent today is the direct result of some clumsy bungling in Washington, Lazy Reading Habits rpHE association of publishers of comic -*- books recently got together to agree on some reforms in their industry. They decided that crime, sex and sadism should disappear from the more lurid comics—and a good thing-, too. A Milwaukee librarian suggests that merely cleaning up the comic books is not enough. The comics, she says, are "lazy reading," and children who get used to them will lose interest in concentrating on anything more difficult. "But if they have good reading material, boys and girls begin to discriminate, and mediocrity no longer has any appeal." That's true, of course. And its lesson should sink home to every parent. If they permit their children to amass "a library of comic books, they may be sure that they are fostering a dullard's taste- in reading, and wasting the opportunity provided every American youngster in our public school system. In Common Fairness W HEN Henry Clay in 1850 shook his fist at the senate in the Missouri Compromise debate and declared, "Sir, I would rather be right than be president," he set a pattern which few in the presidency have dared to follow. Harry S. Truman in advocating civil rights at the risk of his own election is one of the very few to take this ideal seriously. On this question he has pursued a courageous course. For his performance, he rates the nation's admiration above and beyond considerations of narrow partisanship. It doesn't offset any of the administration's other mistakes and fumbles, but it does prove that a president—even one who isn't outstanding in other ways—can stick to his principles. High Cost of Eating F OOD—as every housewife will agree— takes the biggest chunk out of the family budget. Americans today are spending more than one-fourth of every retail dollar in the grocery store. Department of commerce breakdown of where the retail dollar goes assigns 27.6 cents for food purchases. Automobiles and filling stations collect another 15.9 and restaurants and bars 10.1 cents. Liquor sellers are getting 1.4 cents and women's clothing stores 3.2 cents. Inflation, it seems,'isn't going; to our heads but to our stomachs. Look Out Below! THE SUMMONS It's a bit mystifying why Harry Truman would wish further association with a congress which already on several occasions he has termed history's worst. The civil rights issue has divided the democratic party—but it doesn't promise to bring the republican party any electoral votes this year. A Graf ton wag insists that the modern girl hasn't a thing the old fashioned girl didn't have. She just displays it more effectively. The United States, says one authority, has a "split personality." Sure—republican and democratic. A contemporary says he can't* stand people who go on talking while he's interrupting. Pros and Cons Some Interesting Viewpoints Gleaned From Our Exchanges Southern Revolt Creston News Advertiser: The matter of white supremacy is a big one in the south—a deep seated, one. The southern states apparently have decided to go all but this time. Under Mr. Roosevelt they sort of went along—because he was bringing in the votes. They don't think Mr. Truman can do quite that well. So if they are to lose, they want to do it their way. Airport Safety Record Oelwein Register: Considering the tremendous increase in private flying, the limited number of accidents in Iowa, is a credit to the fine ability of the instructors and the operation and management of the airports. Hazards on the highway when one is out driving in the family car are far greater than in the air. This is becoming increasingly true. One of Nation's Truly Great Atlantic News-Telegraph: Hoover had nothing to gain in speaking to the convention. No floor managers staged the demonstration which greeted him. It was the vo'ial expression of high regard and the recognition of a man who, when the history of our times is written, may loom as one of the nation's truly great men. Campaign Investment Davenport Democrat: President Truman and his advisers are goin^ ahead with plans for an expensive campaign. That should be, and their call for financial help should be answered. If the presidency is lost but a balanced situation is retained in congress, the contributors' money will still be well invested. Applauds Thurmond Charles City Press: Whatever may be the individual's reactions to the southerners' state rights position, most persons will be inclined to applaud the action of Goy. J. Strom Thurmond of South Carolina in refusing support from Gerald L. K. Smith, one of the nation's notorious rabble rousers. Masters at Bluffing Cherokee Daily Times: Russia has done a lot of bluffing and quite frequently has made that bluffing pay returns. This may be the climax of its bluffing program, and if the bluff is called better relations may develop as between the communistic rulers and the rest of^he world. Not Happy Frame of Mind Fairmont Sentinel: Let us pray that the special session of congress passes no bills or tries to take action on any important legislation. Nothing constructive was ever accomplished during a fit of anger, and the legislators will not be in a particularly happy frame of mind. Learning' Skills Estherville News: Young men and women learning to do skilled work are favoring themselves with best possible job security for the time when our government's unwise over-expnnsion of credit brings about a situation of less employment. Trouble in Berlin Primghar Bell: We are still waiting to hear how some of the severest critics of our own foreign policy justify the Russian food blockade of Berlin. Cause of Accidents Blue Earth Register: A large majority of the auto accidents in recent weeks in this county were because of failure to "stop" for "STOP" signs. Everyone Optimistic ' Winterset Madisonian: This seems to be a year when even the most pessimistic corn grower is not worrying about the crop. Editorial of the Day Observing Is Dewey to Be "Teddy?" am in receipt of a letter ! from one C. Leslie Hudson of Phillipsburg, N. J., a member of that state's legislature, suggesting the use of "Teddy" as a friendly nickname for the republican presidential nominee, Thomas E. Dewey. Here's the formula by which Mr. Hudson arrives at his suggestion: Thomas E. Dewey "TEDDY" T ED D Y Thomas Edmund "TEDDY" Dewey "It's a natural," the New Jersey man adds. "The Dewey initials form a friendly appropriate nickname. "TEDDY" "This is one of 1,000 letters mailed to newspapers throughout the country, hoping to make the idea click. "Sincerely submitted as a good will gesture to both the newspapers and Governor Dewey." Why "Tommy" wouldn't be as friendly a nickname as "Teddy" isn't explained. Rain-Making a Flop see by the papers that at last the U. S. weather bureau has stated without reservation that man's efforts to manufacture rain are a snare and a delusion. It can't be done by seeding clouds with dry ice and other "stimulators," the bureau said authoritatively after a series of winter experiments with the assistance of the army aviators. It now has in progress fresh experiments with summer cloud formations. Accidents Don't Just Happen ,^ draw on a state depart|i ment of public safety report covering traffic accidents for the first 6 months of the current year for these significant statistical facts: Seventy per cent of the fatal accidents occur on the open highways. The greatest reduction in tatal accidents was shown by the cities and towns while the total rural accidents showed a decrease of only 6. Night accidents are about i ot the total even though daytime traffic is 4 times greater. Eighteen and a half per cent of the drivers in fatal accidents were under 21 years .of age. This group of drivers consists of less than 3 per cent of the total number of Iowa drivers. One hundred forty, or more than 4 of the 251 drivers involved in fatal accidents had records of previous violations and accidents. Fifteen per cent of the drivers involved in fatal accidents were i'rom out of state while 10 per cent of the 193 Iowa drivers had no drivers license at the time of the accident. Records indicate that there were 177 violations of the law? of the road committed in the 183 fatal accidents tending to substantiate the statement that "accidents don't just happen—they are caused." Information, Please! 1. What president said, "He serves his party best who serves his country best?" 2. How often are senators elected? 3. Do Indiana mount their horses from the right i or left side? 4. What game played with a ball and racquet and a VACATION TIME L A CROSSE TRIBUNE: Suddenly we come to the realization that we are now right in the middle of vacation time. It hardly seems possible that we're really into the summer, but the calendar and the weatherman say it's so and thai, it's time to get in that period of rest and play. Don't look now, but it's a fact that the days already nre getting shorter. We've passed the longest day in the year, and the period of light each day is lessening, almost imperceptibly so far of course. But there are a lot of long, lazy days ahead for anyone lucky enough to be taking a vacation trip, days that only summer brings to us. There's beauty along the highway, on the water, everywhere one turns, and it's a great feeling to.get away from the daily grind and into a period of unadulterated, carefree pleasure, no matter how short that period may be. ' Make the most of these summer days. Remember how you longed for them when we had that heavy snowstorm last January? • Do You Remember? 10 YEARS AGO Betsy Ross plunged itself into a fight for the leadership of Section 1 in the Y.M.C.A. softbaH league with its 4th victory of the 2nd half season, a 10 to 0 decision over Mier Wolf.The Bakers have lost 1 contest. Homers by Jim and Bob Cookman provided the big punch in the Baker victory., 20 YEARS AGO The county board of supervisors 'and County Engineer R. E. Robertson are making the preliminary plans for the improvement of the south highway, known as the Emery road, to Clear Lake, next year. This, they state, will serve to relieve the traffic on the pavement between the lake and Mason City as well as furnish an outlet for those who live along the route. 30 YEARS AGO Fifteen members of the office force of the Lehigh Portland Cement Plant company participated in a picnic dinner and dancing party at the lake. The affair was given in honor of Forest Roberts who has been correspondence clerk in the Lehigh offices for the past several months and is leaving for Camp Gordon, Ga. Automobiles conveyed the party to and from Clear Lake. 40 YEARS AGO With the arrival of the last car of pressed brick needed for the completion of the new post- office building and with 10 expert brick layers, the work on the building is progressing rapidly. Postmaster Kotchell expects to get located into it before President Bryan, at least can appoint his successor, which Mr. Bryan may or he mny not be in position to do. To Your Health! By Herman N. Bundesen, M. D. CHRONIC BRONCHITIS NEEDS CARE O LDER people with chronic bronchitis usually believe their symptoms are due to such things as changes in the weather, too much smoking or, perhaps, the dripping o[ infected material from the nose into the throat. A careful investigation, however, will usually show that the difficulty is due to none of these things but has been brought about by an acute infection of the respiratory tract at some time in the past. In children and young adults this condition, as well as the more serious one known as bronchiectasis in which there are stretching and rupture of the fine tubes of the lung can often be traced to an attack of pneumonia following measles or whooping cough. We are thus beginning to rea- ""rm. HUNDESEN" lize that every epidemic of acute respiratory infection leaves behind it thousands doomed to chronic illness from bronchitis or bron- chiectasis. The fact that a person has apparently recovered from influenza or pneumonia does not mean that the infection has been completely eradicated, even if the sulfonamide drugs or penicillin has been administered during the disease. Unlike pneumonia due to pneumococcal germs, infections of the lungs with staphylococci or streptococci frequently fail to clear up completely and may lead to blocking ol the bronchi with scar tissue formation, and bronchiectasis may develop. The fires of infection smoulder rather than burn and the damage done "may be less obvious, but it is no less sure. In fact, it is almost more certain because the change from an acute to a chronic stage often takes place without noteworthy signs or symptoms; therefore, it may develop without adequate treatment being given. For example, a person who continues to cough after he is apparently cured of pneumonia rarely considers that his condition riiay be serious. After recurrent attacks of fever, it is found that the condition may be due to acute bronchitis, and sulfonamide drugs or penicillin are again administered. If adequate treatment is not given, the condition will progress until chronic bronchitis and bronchiectasis develop. It is suggested, therefore, that in these patients penicillin be administered over a long period of time in the form of a vapor breathed into the lungs. The treatment should be carried out for from one to 2 v/eeks with large doses of the penicillin. The dosage is then reduced and the treatment continued for from 2 to 6 months. It is thought that by this means chronic diseases of the lungs can be warded off and thousands spared the expense and the long-drawn-out misery o£ the "aftermath" afflictions. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS H. M.: What vitamins does lettuce contain? Answer: Lettuce contains vitamin A, some vitamin B, and. riboflavin, which is a part of the vitamin B-complcx. They'll Do It Every Time Roving Reporter By Ha! Boyle of the AP LAWYER STUMPS P HILADELPHIA, (IP)— The white-haired old corporation attorney, mad at both the republicans and the democrats, had come to hit the sawdust trail for Henry Wallace. Elegant in a white sharkskin suit and blue tie, 75 year old Arthur Dun of New York City looked a little out of place as he waited to appear before the last public hearing of the new party's platform committee. There were more than a score there to testify for causes, old and new. Among them were a Negro nurse, a white-collar union official, a farmer, an Illinois patent attorney, a Jewish member of Palestine's extremist Stern group, an Irish seaman, Writer Murial Draper, and Rep. Vito Marcantonio, who wanted a plank put in the platform calling for Puerto Rican independence. They spoke at such length that Mrs. Elinor Gimbel, acting as platform secretary, warned: "If we keep on like this we'll be here until tomorrow. From now on we'll have to limit each speaker to 5 minutes." The first victim of the ruling was the elderly corporation lawyer. "1 have been voting for 54 years,'' Dun began. "I first voted back in 1894 when I was an undergraduate at Princeton. I always voted republican until 1932. I guess I just didn't know any better " The small audience of 75 in the ballroom of Convention Hall whooped lustily. Corporation lawyers are rare hrro. "My mother was a member of the slave-holding aristocracy of Virginia," Dun continued. "But my hobby now is fighting the poll tax." The spectators cheered again, and the corporation attorney bowed graciously. He then began reading the text of his statement. It called upon congress to enforce I hi 2nd section of the 14th amendment, "which requires that if a state abridges the right to vote in any way, the number of representatives in congress from such state must be reduced proportionately. "Because of failure of congress to enforce this provision," Dun said, "the 7 poll tax states in the south have 69 members in the house of representatives, whereas they arc entitled to but 28." Dun said he was sure that the southern states would rather remove the poll tax or other limitations on voting rather than have their membership in congress reduced. "Furthermore—" he read on, and when Mrs. Gimbel interrupted him: "Time! Your time is up." "But this is the most important thing in the country today," protested the old attorney. "I[ this plan is carried out, no civil rights legislation will be required." "I'm sorry," murmured Mrs. Gimbel.' "I'm sorry, too," said Dun sadly. He folded his manuscript and walked back to his seat. Then Dun leaned forward to listen to demands that the 3rd party stand against liquor advertising. By way of final conclusions the bureau said scientists responsible city in Wisconsin have the same for the research were "generally name? 5. How far back can news- disappointed, particularly as pub- papers be traced? lished statements of earlier exper- Answers—1. Rutherford B. iments suggested that precipitation Hayes _ 2 . By popular vote. They was easy to produce." Maybe later science will come up with something to do this job. But until it does there's quite a bit to be said for making full use of the moisture nature sends down upon us in the old-fashioned way. serve a G-year term, with one- third of the number elected every 2 years. 3. The right side. 4. Lacrosse. 5. To antiquity. Why AH the Delay? got a smile out of the story about the man who took out a fire insurance policy the day before his building with contents burned to the ground. The company suspected dirty work at the crossroads but couldn't prove anything. Instead it contented itself with writing the merchant the following letter: "Dear Sir: You took out an insurance policy at 10 a. in. today and your fire did not break out until" 3:30 p. m. Will you kindly explain the delay?" THE DAY'S BOUQUET To STATE EMPLOYMENT SERVICE OFFICES IN MASON CITY AND CHARLES CITY—for making a unique record of placing nil war veterans who had applied for jobs as of the close of June. This meant the placing of 633 veterans, of whom 76 were disabled, since the peal? load in February. Did You Know? By Jimmy Hatlo -WELL-IT SEEMS A GUV WENT INTO A DRUGSTORE- AND HE SAID TO THE CLERK«-/#/f CW/-WELL, ANVHOU/ HE WENT INTO THE DRU6STORE AND HE SAID «« HE SAID 'WHAT HAVE yc WAIT, DEAR— FORGOT TO TELL THEM, HE WAS BALD-HEADED.- THE CLERK" WAS BALD- HEADED, TOO-"THAT'S THE WHOLE POINT/ NO.' VtXH WOT /FIRST HE SAID,*! NEED, TONIC-' BETWEEN THE TvJO OF ¥ YOU HAVENTl-EARD THEM THE/ OJSHT TO < ANVTHINS vtr WAIT BE ABLE TO 6ET THAT ) TILL SHE ASKS HIM GUY INTO THE DRU6-x( TOlELL ALL ABOUT STORE IN ABOUT AW HOUR OR SO THEIR VACATION TRIP- THE ONLY SEKTENCE SHE EVER LET HIAA FINISH WAS '1 DO" SHOULD HAVE KNOWN IT WAS A MISTAKE ID START THE STORV IN THE By The Haskin Service F.IHTOIVS NOTE: Readers usinR this nervier for question ot fad—not counsel—should sign full name and address and inclose II cents for return postaje. Address The Mason City Globc-C.a- settf Information Bureau. :i)(i Kye Street N. E-. Washington -. D. C. How many women are electrocuted in the United States annually? For the period from 1941 to 1945, there were only 6 electrocutions of women reported in the United States. How many persons will be elis- ible to vote for president in November? According to a calculation of the bureau of the census, 93.941,000 persons arc eligible to vote in the United States. This total comprises 46,181,000 men and 47.7£>0,000 women. The figure is one million more than that of 1940. What was the weiffht of the heaviest steer ever slaughtered in the United States? From available records, over 2 tons. According to the Holstein-Friesian association of Brattleboro, Vermont, the heaviest steer reported in the United States to date, a Holstein steer slaughtered in 1910, weighed 4,- C28 pounds. How arc Dutch wooden shoes made? The shoes are handmade. Blocks of green willow or a type of poplar are first shaped tc the outside form, then angers and gouges nre used to carve the hollow of the foot. Machines can be used for the outside but no substitute has been found for handwork on the inside of the shoe. How often should a watch be wound? The National Bureau of Standards says that, in general, watches will run at a more uniform rate if wound regularly each day, preferably in the morning so that the spring will be nearly wound di'.ring most of the day. If allowed to run down often, the rate is very apt (o change. How many bituminous eoal miners are there in the United States'.' The bureau of mines says that there were 396,434 bituminous coal miners in the United States in 194H. Are most animals born blind? This is not so. Most animals are not born blind, but many of the 3'oung do not at once begin to use their eyes. What is the full name of the painter who is known as "Grandma IMoses?" Her full name is Anna May Robertson Moses. "Grandma Moses," who is well known for her paintings of farm and snow scenes, lives at Eagle Bridge, N. Y. Which are the 3 smallest state capitals? The 3 state capitals with the smallest populations are Carson City, Nev., 2.478 in 1940, Pierre, S. Dak., 4,448 in 1945, and Dover, Del. 6,500 as estimated in 1947. What are the restrictions upon the choice of names for race horses? Naming a race horse is not the simple process it might seem. The rules of racing require that a name be restricted to 14 letters and spaces .and that it shall not duplicate a name used during the previous 15 years, either Today's Birthday By AP Newsfeafures KENNETH C July 24, 1894, ROYALL, born is civilian secretary of the a r m y. After law school, he served as a lieutenant in World war 1. Back in North Carolina, he built up a profitable law practice. In World war II he was a colonel in the army legal section, became a general and army fiscal director, later secretary of war. When the- defense department was organized, he headed the army section. on the (urf or in the stud. Names of such famous horses as Man o' War and others, which, in the opinion of the registrar, have earned equine immortality, never can be used again. Any name even hinting at advertising is forbidden. It is estimated that about 9 out of 10 names submitted for approval are rejected for various reasons. On a seal of Mississippi the name is misspelled. Is there another historic example of incorrect spelling of a state name? The name Pennsylvania inscribed on the Liberty Bell has only one "n." This is clearly a case of misspelling. In a game of pinochle, what does a triple run count? In pinochle, if bonus melds are allowed a triple run counts 3.000 points. However, if bonus melds are not allowed, the count is just triple the regular score, or 450. Mason City Globe-Gazette An A. W. I.EE NEWSPAPER Issued Every Week Day by the GLOBE-GAZETTE PUBLISHING COMPANY 121-123 Enst State St. Telephone 3(100 LEE P. LOOMIS Publisher W. EARL HALL, Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOREM - - City Editor LLOYD L. GEER Adv. Mgr. Sa turd a y. July 24. 1918 Entered us sccniid-rlass nuuter April 12. IBM. at the postoffice at Mnson City, Iowa, under the net of March 3, 187!). MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS, \vhicli Is exclusively tuititlcd to use for repub- llcation or nil i '«! news pi'lnted in this nowspnpcr as *c. ^s all AP news dU- patches. • SUBSCRIPTION RATES In Mnson City and Clear Lake (Carrier Delivery Limits) Ono year S13 00 One week ,25 Outside Mnson City and Clear Luke but Within 100 Miles of Mason City By mail one year 5 9.00 By innil six months '.'.,. 4 ~j By cnrrier per week '.'.'.'.', .2$ Outside 100 Mile Zone by MfliI Only One year 112.00 Six months f,.:,n Three months '.....'.'.".. 3 50

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