Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on July 26, 1948 · Page 1
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Mason City, Iowa
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Monday, July 26, 1948
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME "THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS" HOME EDITION UN 111 VOL. L1V Associated Fresi and United Press Full Lease Wires (Five Cents a Copy) MASON CITY, IOWA, MONDAY, JULY 26, 1948 This Paper Consists of Two Sections—Section One No. 24S One Man's Opinion A Radio Commentary By W. EARL HALL Managing Editor If You Like Your Meat Raw and Red * A NEW political party has been « born in Philadelphia. The birthplace was the same convention hall where republicans and democrats within the past five • weeks have assembled to name their presidential nominees and adopt their platforms. But the bond between the 2 major parties and this new one, called "progressive" and headed by one whom Iowa once was proud to call her own, Henry Wallace, goes no further than this— their common meeting place. What the new party stands for in almost all particulars is diametrically opposite to what either of the major parties have stood for, or do now stand for. They're Poles Apart During the course of the con' vention out of which the progressive party came into being and was officially christened, the claim was repeatedly made that the republicans and democrats are in truth but 2 factions of the same party. Perhaps there's some substance to that contention. Both major parties, by platform and candidates, are committed to the fundamental assumption that the poltical philosophy of representative government which has brought America to her present greatness is something to be preserved and strengthened. In contrast, the new party— again by platform and candidates —obviously proceeds from an assumption that everything which ( now obtains in the realm of gov- ' ernment is automatically wrong and should be changed. A Real Choice This Time Hand in hand with this is the companion assumption that no where in Washington—in congress, in the white house or in the great government administrative machine—is there even a semblance of honesty or intelligence. It must be admitted that the people of America as they go to the polls next November will be confronted with a clearly-defined choice. Those who believe that the American system of government has lived out its usefulness and should be supplanted by something just one station this side of .Moscow will have the opportunity to register that conviction. It's a notable fact, evident to all who followed the proceedings by radio or in. their newspaper, that at no time during the convention was there so much as one criticism, open or oblique, against that Russian totalitarianism which goes by the name of communism. The Communist Line The following statement would not be an exaggeration: The platform adopted by the •"progressive party in Phih jelphia was in no material way different from the platform which would have been written for that convention if the job had been done in the kremlin. With extreme cleverness that "platform followed the communist line right down to the last word, without exception. Every time- honored Marxist cliche was dusted off for the occasion. True, there was no affirmative praise of the Russian system of government. And therein lies its cleverness. To praise communism openly would have been to put the people on their guard. Far More Clever A far more effective approach— and the one that was employed— was to make it appear that nothing is right %vith America—that the poor are being made poorer, that we're headed for another war to help the rich, especially the munitions makers, that our whole world relief program is sordidly selfish, etc. Communism is never the first _idea of any people. It comes only 'when people have lost hope. They grasp at it as drowning men grasp at a straw. The foremost intent of those who are writing the ticket for Henry Wallace is to create such a discontent—and in a land of plenty. Unbounded Promises With promises that have no boundaries, the new party, in its platform and amplified repeatedly by utterances from its speakers, made a bid for almost every dissident segment of our population. About the only unhappy group which didn't get covered by that all-embracing platform was the ' southern democrat left more or less homeless when his party earlier this month adopted a civil rights plank. Somehow he couldn't be crowded under the Wallace tent. Foremost, of course, was the promise repeatedly offered that there 'will be no war if Henry 'Wallace is elected president. Beyond the vague suggestion that our differences with Josef Stalin would be settled by a conference, this promise has never been amplified. Helpful to Moscow Incidentally, you can be sure that these assertions by Mr. Wallace and his fellow communist fttooges at Philadelphia are being headlined today in every Russian newspaper. "There would be no crisis in Berlin if I were president" is one , (Continued on Pare Z) REPUBLICAN LEADERS CONFER—Republican leaders in congress confer Monday before the opening of the special session of the 80th congress. Front, left to right: House Speaker Joseph W. Martin, Mass.; Senate President Pro Tern Arthur II. Vandenberg, Mich., and House Majority Leader Charles Halleck, Ind. Standing: Senator Eugene D. Mii- likm, Colo.; Senator Kenneth S. Wherry, Nebr.; Rep. Clarence Brown, Ohio; Rep. Leslie Arends, 111., and Senator Robert Taft, Ohio. Umbarger Was Suicide Death Mason City Woman Took Poisoning Death by suicide was the find- ngs of a 3-man jury Monday at the inquest into the death of Mrs. Blanche Umbarger, 47, who died uddenly at her home 2 miles east of Mason City, July 15. The inquest was conducted by Justice of the Peace C. R. Servi- son with 3 Mason City lawyers, John F. Stone, Robert Kinsey and Robert Pattee serving as jurors. Death by Poison Tissue samples returned from a laboratory at Iowa City identi- :ied nicotine in an alkaloid form as being present in such quantity as to cause death by poisoning. The report was made by Dr. Wil- jur Teeters, head of the college of pharmacy at the University of bwa. Dr. Harold Morgan of Mason ! ity, who performed an autopsy here, reported that all internal or- ans were normal and could not cause death. 3 Witnesses Witnesses at the inquest were Dr. H. G. Marines, Waft Balek, Cerro Gordo county sheriff, and ercy Umbarger, husband of the dead woman. Murray Finley, assistant county •attorney, represented the state. Balek's testimony showed that olack leaf 40, which the jurors ~aid was apparently responsible or death, and some other poisons vere found in Mrs. Umbarger's bedroom. She died shortly after collapsing in front of her home, Bethlehem Steel Grants Pay Hike Camden, N. J., (£>)—An agree- nent providing for a 7 cent across- .he-board increase for production workers of the Bethlehem Steel company's 9 east-coast yards was announced Monday. t The increase, announced by John Green, president of the CIO- ndustz-ial union 6f Marine and Shipbuilding Workers of America, and J. M. Larkin, company vice president, was included in a 9i cent package. In addition to increase for production workers, the fringe workers, who are covered by a separate contract with the same union, were offered a 5 per cent increase or $2.80 a. week, whichever is greater, Green said. Ratification meetings in the company's 9 yards located in the New York, Boston, Baltimore and Hoboken, N. J., areas, will be held this week, Green said. 32 Injured When Porch Collapses New York, (U.R)—Seven of 32 persons, injured when a hotel porch collapsed, were in serious condition Monday. The porch of the hotel, the Colonial House, crashed 10 feet to the ground Sunday when guests gathered to stage a mock marriage between 2 of their members. Police immediately cleared the 55 room frame structure and roped off the area. Prizes Announced for State Fair Des Moines,. (U.R) — Two new classes and a total of nearly $14,000 in prizes were announced by state fair offices Monday for the saddle and harness horse show at the 90th annual Iowa state fair. The amateur fine harness and a futurity 2 year old fine harness classes have been added to the regular program which will run fqr 5 nights beginning Aug. 29. Entries close Aug. 2. Final Agreement Reached in Plan for German Government Frankfurt, Germany, (/P) —Mili-* tary governors and German political leaders of the 3 western zones reached final agreement Monday night on plans for a western German government, it was learned officially. "We are all set," said Ambassador Robert Murphy, political advisor to Gen. Lucius D. Clay, American military governor. They conferred last week in Washington over the Berlin blockade and other German questions. The agreement leaves open the door for participation in the future by the Russian zone in eastern Germany. Germans to Vote The military governors and the ministers-president of the states in the 3 western zones decided that a constituent assembly will be elected by Sept. 1. Its charter will be submitted to the Germans in a referendum, as suggested by the military governors. The military governors promised to place before their governments the German leaders' objection to the referendum. The Germans contended a referendum would enable nazis, communists and malcontents to stir discord. No Name Yet No decision was reached on a name for the government. The Germans wanted nothing savoring of "western Germany" or implying Germany was being split. The name will be chosen later. The conference held in abeyance a decision on German proposals that the Germans be allowed io send trade representatives abroad. Awaits Jury Action After Shooting Spree Keokuk, (ff)— Jack Hall, 24, of Keokuk, Monday awaited grand jury action on charges of malicious mischief, assault with intent to do great bodily injury and larceny. Police Chief Louis Atkins said that during the course of a drinking party July 10, Hall fired a shotgun through the roof of a friend's car; wounded another friend, Johner Brown, with another shot during an argument after Brown knocked him clown; shot out a street light; and threw the gun and an outboard motor belonging to Brown's brother into the Mississippi liver. Hawaii consists of nine inhabited and several uninhabited islands. Arabs Name Peace Terms Want Immigration of Jews Stopped Beirut, (U.R)— The state of Israel had a conditional offer from the Arab states Monday for the demilitarization of Jerusalem and continuance of the truce in Palestine. . Abdul Rahman Azzam Pasha, secretary general of the Arab league, set forth the conditions in a public communique on his recent conference here with Count Folke Bernadotte, United Nations Holy Land mediator. The Arabs demanded: 1. A halt to all Jewish immigration to the Holy Land during the West Bans Trains Into Russian Zone truce. 2. That Arab refugees be returned to their homes in Jewish- held territory. 3. That the Jews be prevented from importing Arams. The communique said failure to meet these conditions would force the Arabs to resume lighting at any time regardless of the consequences. Azzam Pasha refused to discuss with Count Bernadotte any settlement based on a partition of the Holy Land, the communique said. Although the Arabs have agreed to make Jerusalem an open city, the communique said, the Arabs did not intend to stand by and see 100.000 Jews in the surrounded city supplied while Arabs are ousted from their homes. UN Gives Up on Arms Regulation Lake Success, <7P)—The United Nations commission on conventional armaments virtually gave up Monday all efforts to regulate arms until peace is made. The commission's working committee approved 9 to 2 a British- American resolution saying peace must be made with Germany and Japan before arms can be effectively controlled. Russia and the Soviet Ukraine voted against the majority. The arms commission thus follows the lead of the U. N. atomic energy commission in abandoning efforts to regulate arms until the Soviet Union and the western powers reach an agreement, Members of House Hear Hot Words Senate Quits After Roil Call; Truman Preparing Speech Washington, (/p)_The 80th congress began its campaign session Monday. Within minutes, house republicans and democrats were exchanging hot words of blame over high prices and the housing shortage. In the house, democratic speakers demanded action to relieve the housing shortage and curb the cost of living. The republicans retorted that the democratic administration was to blame for existing economic troubles. In the white house, Mr. Truman put finishing touches on the message he will deliver personally Tuesday (10:30 a. m. CST). Invites Review As a prelude to laying down his program, he invited ranking democratic leaders to an afternoon white house conference to review his message and the legislation he will ask congress to pass. Republican leaders decided at a morning meeting to make no decisions on a legislative program until Mr. Truman has had his say. The senate took only 11 minutes to come to order and call the roll and then quit until Tuesday. Verbal Battle But house members started speeches that brought republicans and democrats into sharp conflict on what are expected to be key issues before the session—prices, housing and civil rights bills. • The verbal battle continued for nearly 2 hours before the house called it a day at 11:50 a. m. (CST). More than a score of representatives joined in the talkfest before the house finally quit. Jet Fighters in Training in Germany Fuerstenfeldbruck, Germany, (IP) • —Sixteen jet fighter planes ready for action bulwarked United States air power in Germany Monday and 75 more will arrive soon. In Moscow, Russia unveiled several new jet fighter planes and bombers at the annual soviet air show. The U. S. i-iockheed Shooting Stars roared into this former nazi air base Sunday, completing a 5,060-mile flight from Selfridge, Mich., in only 12 hours and 1C minutes flying time. They cruised at an average of 450 miles an hour. The trail-blazing flight marked the 1st west-east crossing of the Atlantic by jets. Their arrival coincided with intensified training activity by British and American military aircraft in Britain and Germany. In Moscow, Prime Minister Stalin watched ;\ big air display Sunday. His son, Maj. Gen. Vassily Stalin, commanded it. American military observers said they considered the most important feature of the show to be the uncovering of the new jet fighters and bombers. The speed of these latest planes was said to indicate the Soviets are determined to maintain priority in jet development and high speed aviation. Dewey to Sit on Sidelines at Special Congress Sess/on By the United Press Gov. Thomas E. Devvey will sit on the sidelines and let GOP Congressional leaders call the signals at the special session of congress, t was reported Monday. An authoritative congressional iource said the republican presidential nominee has decided to let Senator Robert A. Taft, house speaker Joseph W. Martin, Jr., and others carry the ball for the party at. the "political" session ummoned by president Truman. Up To Leaders It will be up to these leaders to decide what to do about the legislative program which the president will outline in his message Tuesday. Dewey will be kept posted on congressional matters by his campaign manager, Herbert Brownnell, Jr., who has set up headquarters in Washington. While he may offer advise now and again, it was said, Dewey will leave the ultimate decisions up to republicans in congress. Take Ran The strategy behind this move as political observers see it, is to let the congressmen take the rap for whatever happens on capitol hill during the next few weeks. Then in his fall campaign, Dewey will be able to sidestep the blame if there is any slip-up in republican plans. In recalling congress scarcely 3 months before the election, Mr. Truman challenged the republicans to practice what they preached in their platform on housing, civil rights and other major issues. GOP, Demo Conventions Due Friday Des Monies, (U.R)—Both the democrats and the republicans wil hold state conventions here Friday. The republican judicial convention will re-nominate the 3 supreme court justices whose terms expire in 1948. They are H. J. Wantz Auciubon, John E, Mulroney, For! Dodge, and W. A. Smith, Dubuque The GOP group will meet or the 2nd floor of the hotel Fort Des Moines while the democrats are holding congressional district caucuses on the 3rd floor Friday morning. The democrats will nominate 1C presidential electors, elect members of the state central committee and adopt a state platform. Otha D. Wearin, Hastings, former 7th district congressman, will deliver the keynote address at Radio theater here after the convention is called to order at 11 a. m. The democratic state central committee and the national committeeman and women will be guests at a breakfast preceding the convention. It will be the las meeting of the central committee as it is now composed. Korea Government to Go to Natives Seoul, Korea, (U.R)—The United States military government which las ruled southern Korea for the ast 3 years, revealed Monday that t probably will hand over its authority to the newly formed Korean government on Aug. 15, anniversary of Japan's surrender. The move will mark only the start of an American withdrawal from Korea, military officials said. They pointed out that the new government has not completed its organization and is unprepared to function fully. John L. Lewis Not Available for Testimony Washington, (U.R)—John L. Lewis was reported out of town on a vacation Monday and unavailable to testify at a national labor relations board hearing on the legality of his 1948 soft coal contract. Welly K. Hopkins, counsel for Lewis and the United Mine Workers, was scheduled to complete the union's defense against charges that it forced the nation's 10 biggest steel companies to sign an illegal union shop agreement. The government wound up its case Friday with testimony from coal industry spokesmen. They said their only alternative to signing the agreement was to have their mines closed down under the union's no-contract-no-work policy. Robert N. Denham, labor board general counsel, has charged that this constituted union coercion and violated the Taft-Hartley act. He said the union shop is illegal because no labor board election wa? held to authorize such a clause, as required by the law. Stevenson in Lead in Texas Vote Northwood Bank Buys Town Hall Bond Issue Nortluvoort — The Northwood State bank was the successful bidder for the issue of $20,000 town hall bonds sold at a special meeting of the town council Saturday evening the bid being 2 per cent interest with a premium of $100. There were 4 bids filed. Dallas, Texas, (U.R) — Former Governor Coke Stevenson held a lead of more than 6,000 votes Monday over Lyndon Johnson for a seat in the U. S. senate. Stevenson and Johnson headed a field of 11 contesting the seat being vacated by Senator W. Lee "Pappy" O'Daniel. The 2 will vie for the democratic nomination, the equivalent of election, in the 2nd primary August 28. House minority leader Sam Rayburn held a long lead over 2 contenders in the 4th congressional district, while O. C. Fisher gained a majority lead in his fight to retain his seat from the 21st district. Charles L. South, a former congressman, is his chief opponent. Say Cause Is Technical Difficulty Berlin President of Police Out; Leaders Have London Huddle Berlin, (/P) —The United States and Britain banned movements of trains Monday to and from the Russian zone of Germany. American officials said "technical difficulties" caused the stoppage. The joint American-British action appeared to be the most positive counter-move yet taken by the western allies to break the Russian blockade of Berlin, now a month old. pens. Lucius D. Clay and Sir Brian Robertson, the American and British military governors, took the action at a conference in Frankfurt. The restrictions are effective at once. The prohibition is against the movement of all trains "originating or terminating" in the soviet zone. _ When the Russians stopped traffic on the long railway between Berlin and the western zones of Germany, they asserted "technical difficulties" were the cause. Official Dismissed In another development, the Berlin city government ordered the dismissal of Police President Paul Markgraf who was appointed to his position by the Russians in 1945. Dr. Ferdinand Friedensburg, deputy mayor of Berlin, said he had handed Markgraf a letter of dismissal, ordering him to turn over his office to his assistant. The move was expected to have %vide repercussions in this 4- power city. High American diplomatic officials huddled in London with British and French representatives to chart new strategy on the Russion blockade following a conference here Sunday. Acceptance Seen All indications pointed to acceptance by the United States, Britain and France of a soviet demand for a new conference on all of Germany. In London and Berlin reports circulated of a new big 4 foreign ministers conference or a meeting of President Truman and Prime Minister Stalin in an effort to end the Berlin crisis. The western powers expressed willingness to negotiate on Berlin only in their first note demanding that Russia lift the Berlin blockade. But Russia has rejected MASON CITYANS AT FORT RILEY—Brig. Gen. Hanford- MacNider, Mason City, commanding general of the 103rd infantry division now in its 2nd and final week of reserve training at Fort Riley, Kans., is shown with his aide, Capt. H. B. "Hank" Hook, also of Mason City, in the "coach and pupil" firing exercise. Familiarization and firing of light and heavy weapons is part of the training schedule for the 103rd, made up of units and personnel from Iowa, Minnesota and the 2 Dakotas. Youth Dies After Iowa Auto Accident Independence, (IP) —Frederick B. Snow, 16, of Rockford, 111., died at a hospital here Sunday afternoon of injuries suffered in an auto accident early Sunday morning on highway 20, 7 miles east of here. Deputy Coroner Bob Hawe said 2 other teen-agers were injured. They are Lester Kiester, Jr., 17, and Ralph Bodell, 17, both of Rockford. Hawe said the car, driven by Keister, missed a curve and overturned. Both Keister and Bodell probably will be released from the hospital here about Wednesday, the deputy coroner said. The 3 youths were enroute to visit Mr. and Mrs. Fred Crawford at Manchester when the accident occurred. CRASH BRINGS DEATH Maquoketa, (IP) —Matt Herrig, 61 year old St. Donatus farmer, died at a hospital here Sunday of injuries suffered in a auto accident Friday. Funeral services will be held Wednesday at St. Donatus. SAME DATE—1947—267 (BUek fUr means truffle te»lh ta pul 94 heart) the idea of separate negotiations on Berlin. British and French authorities reportedly, expressed willingness earlier to confer on all of Germany. And Gen. Lucius D. Clay, American military governor for Germany, indicated Sunday night that the U. S. has swung into line with the British and French positions. Clay, just back from Washington, said the U. S. is prepared to negotiate on all of Germany but "not under duress." By duress he referred to the soviet blockade of Berlin. DRUNK NAMED SOBER Hartford, Conn., (U.R)—A 76 year old man held by police on a drunkeness charge Monday said his name was William Sober. Weather Report FORECAST Mason City: Sunny with pleasant temperatures Tuesday. Clear and cool Monday night. Low Monday night 55. High Tuesday 83. Iowa: Fair with moderate temperatures Monday and Tuesday. High Monday 80-85. Low Monday night 52-60. Minnesota: Fair Monday night and Tuesday except mostly cloudy in extreme north. Little change in temperature. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Monday morning: Maximum 84 Minimum 52 At 8 a. m. Monday 74 Precipitation Trace YEAR AGO: Maximum 81 Minimum 67 Globe-Gazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Sunday morning: Maximum 85 Minimum 65 At 8 a. m. Sunday 68 Precipitation ,13 YEAR AGO: Maximum g0 Minimum 57

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