Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on July 27, 1948 · Page 14
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 14

Mason City, Iowa
Issue Date:
Tuesday, July 27, 1948
Page 14
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EDITORIALS The Case for Preserving Our 2-Party Government /"1ALIFORNIANS are gradually waking up V^ to the fact that 'the screwball system under which the same person can be the regularly chosen nominee of both major parties is taking something real and fun- ing. damental out of their representative democratic system of government. Attention has been focused on the problem by the democratic county council at Los Angeles through a resolution looking to the abolishment of the so-called cross-filing system. But other groups more representative, including the League of Women Voters, have interested themselves in the matter. It isn't that they don't like Gov. Earl Warren, chief beneficiary of the cross-filing setup. They do, generally speaking. It's that they sense in their plan an attack on the system of 2-party responsibility under which America has achieved its greatness. "npHE trouble in California," the liberal -»- Los Angeles News recently observed editorially, "has been that we have over- expanded the concept of non-partisanship. The result is that party responsibility has broken down and voters are misled by false labels. "Today, thanks largely to cross-filing, California's electorate is presented with scarcely a choice between alternate routes. Certainly at best it's a muddled choice. And a muddled choice, frankly and plainly, is the stuff dictatorships are made of . . . "This broadening of non-partisanship has made California a cloud cuckoo land of irresponsible politics, a land in which the electorate really can't decide anything because it's given no clear alternatives. In such a land politicos wander in and out of various pastures." I N other states, notably Wisconsin, there has been a trend in the direction of making it easy for voters to move into which ever party primary that pleases their passing whim. Iowa saw some of this in her primary election last month. That trend is hostile to the fundamental concept which under party organization has made it possible for voters in an election to go into the balloting booth and register a choice on both candidates and issues. It will be a sorry day for America when our present 2 party form of government is supplanted by either a one-party or a multiple party arrangement. One path leads toward totalitarianism of the Hitler-Mussolini-Stalin type, the other toward the multiple-party chaos which plagues contemporary France. Look Out Below! COMING DOWN HARD Only the most adroit politicians ever master the trick of keeping both ears to the ground whiie straddling a fence. It's bad news for the nation's cats that the nation's dog population now stands at more than 20 million. Other bad things may and do happen to bathing beauties—but you seldom hear of one drown- 2 Terms and Out U P to now 21 states have ratified the proposed constitutional amendment limit- in e future presidents to 2 terms. Only one state, Oklahoma, has actually refused ratification but it is obvious that there are others traditionally democratic which look askance at the proposition. Only 2 Dixie states, Virginia and Mississippi, have given the amendment approval. In the event of a republican upswing in the coming election, there is every good reason to believe that the 15 additional states required for adoption of the presidential tenure will be forthcoming. For years it was assumed that custom was sufficient to provide protection against dynastic regimes. But 8 years ago that assumption had to be abandoned. In our opinion the restraint on personal ambition contained in this amendment should be written into the country's organic law—and at the earliest moment possible. It Can't Happen Here O FTEN it takes many years to train a civil servant thoroughly in the art of bureaucracy, but once in a while one comes along who catches on fast. Such was the junior clerk in the British ministry of civil aviation who sent out 7 printed sheets of specifications, description, regulation, bidding forms and the like, inviting offers for a surplus property item. The offering consisted of 8 dozen screws valued at 18 cents. Of course, such a thing couldn't happen in this country. There's less of a tendency to look down on the lowly snail. The snail carries its house on its back. Try convincing an 80-year-old millionaire that you can buy anything with money. A special session, as Mr. Truman is about to discover, is a 2-edged sword. Pros and Cons Some Interesting Viewpoints Gleaned From Our Exchanges Right! • Davenport Democrat: Henry Wallace, in his final article as contributing editor of the New Republic, says the party supporting him for president is not pro-Russian or pro-Communist but that it will not lend itself in any way "to the Red- baiting or Russia-baiting of the propaganda-manufacturing pseudo-liberal." From that, we conclude that the true Wallace liberal directs his baiting activities only at the government of his own country. Courtesy Pays Pocahontas Record-Democrat: According to many people, courtesy is a lost art between em- ployes and customers. A southern city, in its chain of grocery stores, tried a system of! "smiles" and "courtesy," and tallied the reaction of the buyers. Certain "checkers" used the smile and courtesy treatment, others gave the customers the brisk, quick, businesslike approach. They found that the former brought definite results. Supply Catching "Up Osage Press: Supply is catching up to demand in many lines, which should mean that conditions are slowly getting back to normal and inflation will have run. its course. The changing trend is noticeable in the number of salesmen who are again calling on the trade in virtually all lines. Competition is coming back, which eventually will result in lower prices. Father Flanagan's Boys Sibley Gazette-Tribune: Among the 45 graduates at Father Flanagan's Boys Town 7 were Negroes. Boys-Town has always been open, to all regardless of color, creed or nationality. The late Father Flanagan had always maintained that there are no bad boys. His achievements have fully proven the statement. Worth County Fair Northwood Anchor: The Worth county lair is only about 3 weeks away. Time to begin to make plans for exhibiting those superior animals, that fine grain and garden products, women's handiwork, flowers, and other items. The county fair is a community enterprise and deserving of the support of everyone. Higher Prices Dubuque Telegraph-Herald: Higher prices for manufacturers and retailers simply advance the day when, in spite of unrestricted credit buying, many items will fly out of the consumers' range, and the market for less-than-absolute necessities will close down. Truman and Congress Washington Journal: It is for the president to suggest legislation, but it is for congress to pass it or to defeat it. Mr. Truman, therefore, is more likely to be hurt in the coming storm than the members of congress. The outcome will be watched with interest. Peaceful Days Charles City Press: Remember the comparatively peaceful days of yesteryear when the resignation of the cabinet in a European country was given banner treatment by the nation's press? Queer Reasoning Marshalltown Times-Republican: It is difficult for us to see how democratic leaders can expect to elect a candidate for president whom they have belittled so much. Observing To Your Health! By Herman N. Bundesen, M. D. WHEN MOUTH IS INFLAMED Roving Reporter By Hai Boyle of the AP SCREWBALLS BUT NOT AMATEURS Same Ghost Writer O NE thing can be said with reasonable ent. Mr. Humphrey has recently come t< , . , , ..... ^ «..., _-.,„-, A . to assume a position with the Kilhan Co. Editorial of the Day TOO MUCH FARM TENANCY C ARL HAMILTON IN IOWA FALLS CITIZEN: It has always been distressing that farm tenancy should be higher in Iowa than in any other state and higher in the good land section of Iowa than in some of the poorer land sections. At first blush it would seem that just the opposite should be the case. But actually the ladder of hired hand to tenant to operator-owner is harder to scale in areas where land is rich and black—and high priced. Less than half of the fai'ms in Iowa are owner-operated—despite the fact that corn has been better than $2 and hogs and beet are both at all- time highs. It seems as though there's something wrong somewhere when that's the case. It seems especially so right here in Hardin county where the percentage of owner-operated farms has decreased from 47 per cent a year ago to 44 per cent this year. It ought to be going the other way. Why isn't it? Do You Remember? 10 YEARS AGO E. W. Lilley, skipper of Sea Scout ship 301, was re-elected captain of the guard at the final meeting of the Old Guard held at Camp Roosevelt. Albert Lunberg, scoutmaster of Forest City, was re-elected as lieutenant of the guard for the coming year and Earle K. Behrend, scout executive, elected as clerk of the guard to take the place of Enos Lloyd Jones who held that position last year. 20 YEARS AGO The 1st step toward a city graveling program calling for the improvement of about 25 miles of city streets this summer was started by the Wilson Construction company. The gravel is being hauled from the city gravel pit on 12th N. E., to the last mile within the city limits on 12th N. W. Due to the fact that the gravel is obtained from the city's pit, the cost assessed against the property owner is not to exceed 10 cents per front foot. 30 YEARS AGO Mrs. Humphrey and daughter, Wilma, of Sioux City, arrived here yesterday and the family arc located in a cottage at Clear Lake for the present. Mr. Humphrey has recently come to this city OTOMAT1TIS merely means inflammation of O the mouth and, since inflammation may be due to anything from the irritation of hot foods to the action of germs, treatment is of little avail until the cause is found. Among the most frequent causes of stomatitis are injuries to the mouth's lining membrane or to the tongue from decayed teeth, tartar on the teeth, and improper care of the mouth. As I said before, the use of over- hot foods or liquids may also be responsible, or the condition may be brought on by the swallow- DR. BUNDESEN ing of chemical substances, such as strong acids or alkalies. In those cases where the condition is due to the teeth, of course, the services of a dentist are required. Where chemicals or hot fdbds are at fault, a soft, non-irritating diet should be employed. Alcoholic beverages and smokins are forbidden, and the patient is given a cleansing, soothing mouth wash, such as a mixture of boric acid and glycerine. Sometimes inflammation of the mouth may follow the use of such drugs as mercury, bismuth and gold, employed in the treatment of various diseases. The inflammation of the mouth tends to clear up promptly after the drug producing the disturbance is stopped. Stomatitis may also be caused by infection with germs, such as the streptococcus. In one form of this condition, the infection may be a complication of pyorrhea. In another form, the infection first takes hold in the tonsils and throat, spreading to the roof of the mouth and to the Jining membranes of the cheeks. The disorder may be accurately diagnosed by making a culture of the throat, In this condition, also, careful treatment of the gums and teeth by a dentist is important to clear out hidden nests or pockets of germs. Penicillin, applied locally in the mouth or given by injection into a muscle, may help clear up this type of infection. Trench mouth is another cause of stomatitis. This disorder, as a rule, may be cleared up rapidly by the injection of penicillin into a muscle. Lozenges containing the penicillin may be held in the mouth and may aid in clearing up the condition more quickly. It is also advised that these patients receive plenty of vitamin B-complex and vitamin C. It is found that some cases may clear up with the vitamin treatment alone. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS R. G.: Will you please tell me something about the cause and remedy of spasm of the intestine? Answer: Intestinal spasm may be due to a nervous disorder. It occurs in spastic colitis. A thorough study would be advisable to determine the exact cause in your case. An X-ray of the bowel should be taken to aid in the diagnosis; then the proper remedy could be suggested. G. B. C.: Can breast cancer be present without any lump or pain? Answer: A breast cancer could be present without pain. In practically all instances there is a swelling ,or lump. Any suspicion of cancer calls for an immediate examination by a physician. They'll Do It Every Time HAL EOYLU "PHILADELPHIA, (/I 3 )— The young mother—she •t^ couldn't have been more than 20—calmly pulled out a plump breast and led her 3 months old child. Nobody in the crowded corridors of -- Convention Hall Friday night paused to stare at her. An elderly bare-footed man padded past her without a glance. A 71 year old lady who had driven 4GO miles in one day to hear Henry Wallace didn't I even see the young mother. She i asked only: "Where can I send j a telegram to let my folks know 5 I arrived here all right?" A weary crippled man, body bent into a lifelong question mark by illness, sat unheeding in a wheelchair. In a side corridor of the vast hall 69 year old Mrs. Katherine DePauly, known as the "Goat Lady" of Miami, Fla., walked back and forth carrying a wooden sandwich board sign which said on her back: "Fear, Trust and Love God—Wisdom With All Your Might. "Americans have false gods. They trust the dollar more, and worship demon nicotine. Therefore they have degenerated and cannot comprehend the true God. "Repent! Repent! Repent!" This was the setting Friday night as America's newest political baby—the party of former Vice President Henry Wallace and Senator Glen Taylor of Idaho—was born under circumstances confusing to any hospital. They named the child, born on the wrong side of the political.railroad tracks "The Progressive Party." The father, however, was named Anger, and the mother was Fear. The baby itself was a cross- section of American discontent and p ost-war frustration. But the 10,000 faithful who saw the baby born thought its godfather and godmother were—Mr. and Mrs. Hope. The birth took place amid hillbilly music, strummed on a guitar, and powerful pleas for world peace and an end to race prejudice in the United States. There was fervor and evangelicalism. An old man and his wife clapped loudly at a speaker's demand for a $100 a month pension for the elderly. A young man in a polo shirt wearing a white handkerchief around his head ran up and down the center aisle cheering a platform condemnation of the draft and universal military training. Representatives of 19 nationalities within the pattern of the American melting pot were there, and they were calling for an end to political and economic discrimination against racial minorities. And they put the dark problem of the Negro first. The keynote spenkcr was Charles P. Howard, an Iowa Negro lawyer. But the galleries—Philadelphia is only one hour and a half by train from Manhattan—cheered loudest the demand by Rep. Leo Isacson of New York City for nn immediate lifting of the embargo against the shipment of arms to Israel. There was no doubt that the new political baby was a "people's party." Many of the delegates were so short of cash they hitch-hiked here. Large numbers slept in automobiles to save the price of a hotel room. They had depth of feeling, they had enthusiasm —but for all the hillbilly musical atmosphere they were guided by no nmateurs. The speeches bore the marks of polished literary skill. Airports in the Black find encouragement in the ^recent report showing that for the first time in aviation history, America's city-owned airports as a group finished last year with an operating profit. Some showed a profit, some a loss. But the profits more than balanced the losses. Operating revenues for the 173 airports studied totaled $8,921,900 in 1947. Operating costs for these fields during the same period were $8,194,700. In 1946, substantially the same group of airports lost more than $1 million. Eighty-four airports — 49 per cent of those reporting—finished 1947 in the black, while 88 reported an operating loss lor the year. In 1946, only 36 per cent ' of the airports reporting showed an operating profit. Airports queried both years belong to cities over 10,000 population. Miami's international airport was tops in income among those reporting an operating profit. The big field took in almost twice as much as it spent, reporting 1947 revenues of $764,000 and expenditures of $384,000. Dallas' Love field and St. Louis' Lambert airport both collected more than twice as much as they spent on operations. Love reported $266,200 income and $132,000 outgo, while the comparable figures for Lambert were $148,600 and $69,200. New York's LaGuardia field took in more than any other airport last year but expansion of facilities with operating funds put the field in the red. LaGuardia spent $832,000 and revenues of $636,400 for the 6 months ending November 30. Newark airport took in $500,000 last year and spent $300,000. Both Newark and LaGuardia are operated by the Port of New York Authority. Other top airport incomes for 1947 were Oakland— $325,000, Detroit—$238,600, Los Angeles—$224,100, and Kansas City—$216,000. All reported an operating profit. Training Youthful Drivers am gratified by the extent to which the schools of Iowa are moving into the driver education field. Year before last only 4 schools • in the entire state were offering courses in driver training. . Last year the number of such schools had grown to almost 100. In the year ahead the number will approximate 250. With a total of 83o schools, there's still quite a way to go. But we're definitely on the way. The greatest single factor in the development of this important work, of course, is the course in' safety teacher training at Cedar Falls. , The first requisite for sucn a high school course is a competent teacher—and Iowa State Teachers college is doing something about this. A Russian Complaint- see by the papers that a Russian woman thinks several desserts by any other name would taste much sweeter. She resents the fact that Russians still call such tidbits as eclairs, melbas, glaces, etc., by their foreign names. That isn't the worst blow to your nationalistic pride either, sister. In the imperialistic United States, the fanciest and most admired Russian delicacy is called by a French name which derives from an Italian word that in turn is derived from Turkish. Caviar, that is. Salute to Oefwein Register propose a special salute to Lew Warren and his asso-_ ciates on the Oelweln Register for a remarkable 72 page issue marking that community s 75th birthday as an organized city. The edition made up of 10 sections is jam-packed with stories and pictures having to do with Oelwein's interesting past and its progressive present. All in all the issue will stack up favorably with any special editions published in recent years by an Iowa daily. Information, Please! 1 Who wrote "The Great Stone' Face?" 2. Who prepared the plan of Washington, D. C.? 3. What was the given name of the Spanish explorer De So to? 4. Christ of the Andes was made of melted cannon. What was it erected to symbolize? 5. Of what style architecture is the cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris? Answer s—1. Nathaniel Hawthorne. 2. Maj. Pierre C. L'Enfant of France. 3. Hernandez. 4. Peace between Chile and Argentina. 6. Gothic. THE DAY'S BOUQUET To MRS. LEO ALLSTOT—for being installed as president of the Clausen-Worden unit of the American Legion Auxiliary. She will prove an excellent head of the organization, which has been provided with excellent leadership the past year by Mrs. Oscar Jewell. Did You Know? By The Haskin Service EDITOR'S NOTE: Readers nsinf Ihis service for question of fact—not counsel—should .sljn full name and address and Inclose 3 cents for return postage. Address The Mason City Globe-Gazette Information Bureau, 31i! Eye Street N. E.. Washington 2, D. C. Today's Birthday By AP Newsfeatures By Jimmy Hafrlo ^ certaigty about the 3rd party keynote speech given by an Iowa colored attorney, Charles Howard, Friday night. His ghost-writer was the same person who writes the radio speeches for Henry Wallace. .The distinctive literary style couldn't be missed. 40 YEARS AGO A new arc light tested in the street near Kirk' last evening the power coming from the Kirk lighting plant which from the test will lay in the shade any and allcomers in arc lights. So brilliant was the light that nearby residents thought thove was a fire and some of them hurried to the place to sec. The light casts a pinkish glow and the faces of those within its rays look the color of Japs. The ordinary voltage used by the ordinary arc light furnished a power equal to 3000 candles. LWAVS IN THE ROUGH A/ERMIN KEPT THE BO/S WAITING AN HOUR WHILE HE LOOKED PDR A BATTERED OLD 50-CENT BALL - IND BACK AT THE CLUBHOUSE HE KEPT t JWAITIMG SOME MORE WHILE HE PUMPED 20 BUCKS INTO A ONE-ARMED BANDIT C'MON -LETS GET GOING! THE WIFE WLMil MEW/HEM WOW!'LOOK AT THAT! ALMOST GOT THREE BELLS THAT TIME! EDDIE-GIVE ME ANOTHER TEN DOLLARS IN HALVES! , DOWN GOPHER HOLE. CADDY! How old are President Truman and Senator Vandenberg? Both men were born in 1884, the president on May 8 and Senator Vandenberg on March 22. What was done with the surrendered Japanese warships? The vessels were distributed between the United States, Russia, China and Great Britain by lot and the United States received 19 escorts, 4 destroyers and 1 transport. These ships will be used for target vessels or they will be scrapped. What branch of the engineering profession is most popular in the United States? In 1946 electrical engineers comprised one-fourth of the profession, followed in order by mechanical, civil, chemical and other groups. How long has It been the custom to send Easter cards? The origin of the custom has been traced to an artist, Louis Pr?ng, who in 1874 designed Easter cards and sent them to his friends. Has it been demonstrated that the use of sodium fluoride, helps to prevent decaying of children's teeth? It has been proved by government studies that 4 local applications of sodium fluoride at 3 to 4 year intervals, when children arc between the ages of 3 and 14 years, are effective in preventing tooth decay. How large a tree is the balsa •which produces the lightest commercial wood known? The maximum size is about 100 feet in height and 4 feet in trunk diameter. Balsa trees grow very rapidly and reach lumber size within less than 10 years. Why is a bride supposed to wear something: blue for good luck? Marguerite Bentley in "Wedding Etiquette" says that in Biblical days both the bride and bridegroom wore a band of blue around the bottom of their wedding garments to symbolize fidelity and love. Did Gandhi believe in the caste system? He practiced most Hindu beliefs but did not believe in the caste system, which he endeavored to make unlawful. Who was the first working man to be included in the British cabinet? John Burns, the labor leader and champion of the unemployed who entered the cabinet in 1905, was the first working man to hold a cabinet office. Is oxygen helpful to athletes in running contests? It has been shown that oxygen is distinctly helpful to athletes in certain trials of strength and speed. This is best evidenced by middle-distance runners. Athletes do not greatly^ improve their time under its influence but they finish with a minimum of distress. How is confectioners sugar made?" This sugar is made by grinding granulated sugar to a fine GEORGE BERNARD SHAW, born July 26, 1856, in Dublin. The great dramatist is the son of a merchant whose "alcoholic antics" ostracized his family but eq u i p p ed his shy son with caustic wit* Failing as a novelist, G.B.S. became a critic, lashed Shakespeare "to at- r R cw«^ tract attention" G. B. Show to hinjself aru Ibsen. Championing Fabian socialism, his practice is to "insult first, then win people." Vegetarian and anemic, he has been kept alive by liver extract injections. powder and mixing it with some cornstarch to prevent much absorption of moisture. The number of x's on the package indicates fineness of grind. To what extent has Esperanto been adopted as an international language? About 10,000 publications in Esperanto have been issued, including original works and translations. It is stated that the language has won more favor in Europe than elsewhere. There are over 100 Esperanto periodical. 1 ? and approximately 7,000 registered teachers who give Esperanto les-' sons. How many submarines has the U. S. navy? The submarine component has 76 submarines on the active list and 98 in the reserve fleet, about equally divided between the Atlantic and Pacific •fleets. Mason City Globe-Gazette An A. W, LEE NEWSPAPER Issued Every Week Day by the GLOBE-GAZETTE PUBLISHING COMPANY 121-123 East State St. Telephone 3800 LEE P. LOOMIS Publisher W. EARL HALL, Managing Editor ENOCH A. NOEEM - - City Editor LLOYD L. GEER Adv. Mgr. Monday. July 26, 1948 Entered as second-clnss matter • April 12. 1930, nt the postoffice at Mason City, lown, under the acl of March 3, 1870. MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS, which is exclusively entitled to use for repub- llcatlon of all local news printed In this newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches. SUBSCRIPTION RATES In Mason City nnd Clear Lake {Carrier Delivery Limits) One year $13.00 One week .25 Outside Mnson City and Clenr Lake but Within 100 Miles of Mnson City By rnnli one year $ 9.00 By moil six months 4.7ft By carrier per week Oulstdc 100 Mile Zunc by Mail Only One year , $12.oi> Six months 6.50 Thret months a.-ia •. 1.1 ,1 •" i ,1.. ' '

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