Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan on June 18, 1965 · Page 4
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Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan · Page 4

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Friday, June 18, 1965
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POUR 1RONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, JUNE 18,1965. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE Tht) Dolly Glob* It an Independent ntwtpaper, twpperting what It believes to be right and opposing what it believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartially." -linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publish*, 1927-1964. Mrs. linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher Modernizing the United Nations The U.N. Charter is about to be revised for the first time in the United Nation's 20-year history. Although the amendments may seem more a mater of form than of substance, they reflect some of the ferment which lias swept the world organization in recent years. In essence, the amendments take account of the increase in U.N. membership from nl to 114 nations since the organization's founding in. 1945. They also provide greater representation for Asian and African nations on the Security Council and the Economic and Social Council — a recognition of the growing importance of those two geographich areas in international affairs. The Security Council will be enlarged from ] 1 to 15 members and the Economic and Social Council from 18 to 27 members. Hereafter it will take nine rather than seven affirmative votes to make substantive decisions in the Security Council. But the present authority of the five permanent members — the United States, the Soviet Union, Great Britain, France and Nationalist China — to veto non-procrckiral matters is left unchanged, U.S. influence on the councils is bound to be somewhat diluted by the increase in membership. But the United States would retain, tor use if needed, the veto which it lias not used to date. To defeat a Security Council resolution without a veto, the United States will need to muster seven, rather than five, negative votes or abstentions. This should not be too difficult, according to some observers, because it would require the support of only the five Western European members and the . two Latin American representatives. . It can be argued that the Western European and Latin American countries no longer can be counted upon with as much assurance as before to suppot the United States in a Security Council showdown. The reply here is that whether the Council is enlarged or not, the UnitefJ States .may lose its unique distiricf tion of being the only permanent membe' never- to Have cast a veto. As of June 15, 1965 ,the Soviet Union had exercised its veto power 104 times, France four times, Britain three, China one, and the United States not at all/As, the influx of new African and Asian nations radically shifts the balance of voting' power in the General Assembly, the United States has come increasingly to appreciate the Security Council escape hatch. In any case, the new amendments have certain salutary features. They will modernize the current obsolete apportionment of seats on the. two councils and add to the prestige of the nations obtaining them. A greater number of countries over the years will have an oppOrr tunity to participate in the important work of the council. • ... .-:• Other possible changes in the Charter; are being discussed. But the outlook for effecting them is not bright so long as the U.N.'s parliamentary arm-the General Assembly—remains disabled. A dispute over non-payment of peacekeeping assessments has kept the Assembly from dealing with any except minimal, housekeeping questions since February. Until thai matter is'.resolved, U.N. Charer revisions .can do little to raise the international agency's prestige. Monsoon May Be Wind of Death The winds of change are blowing through Southeast Asia. These are real winds, the winds of the monsoon, which annualy bring life-giving moisture to the thirsty land but which this year may also produce a rich harvest of death. Derived from the. Arab word "mausirn," monsoon is the name for the seasonal reversal of the prevailing wind pattern. For halt (lie year, winds bliow out of the north off the land. In May, as the sun heats up the land masses of Asia, moisture-laden winds begin to move from the cold waters of the Indian Ocean and Gulf of Siarn into the warm, low- pressure areas of Southeast Asia. The heaviest rains come in June and July. Around October, as the land cools, the wind changes again and blows toward the sea. until the next cycle. Movies and novels to the contrary, the monsoon months are not invariably marked by incessant, pouring rains. A season of widespread flooding may be followed by several of sparse rainfall. Accordingto climatologists with the U.S. Weather Bureau, Saigon may receive as much as 20 inches of rain during the height of the monsoon or as little as four The fear in Saigon toclav is that heavy monsoon rains and miss will curtail aerial operations in Viet Nam and encourage a major ground offensive, or series offensives, by the Viet Cong guerrillas. It was fog and cloud cover that enabled the Germans to mount the unexpected Battle • of the Bulge in Belgium in 1944. That weather advantage, however, lasted only a matter of days. The moonsoon season is six months long. Just One Kind-Please! These are tough times for the customer. Want to buy a toothbrush? Simple? Hah! What KIND of toothbrush? Hard, medium, soft, super-soft or extra hard? Straight, angle or curved? Larage, medium, small, adult, junior or child? Single purpose, for teeth only, or dual purpose for teeth AND gums? Trituft, multituft, blue tufts around white tufts, white tufts around blue tufts, or mixed? Electric or manual? Or, let's say you need an automobile tire Nylon, rayon or polyester? Two-ply, four-ply or radal-ply? Regular tread, rain tread or snow tread? Or spiked? Whitewall, blackwall, goldwall, or wall-to, wall? ,••• A pair of. socks? .•'-,.. Nylon, rayon, wool, cotton,, nylon-wool, nylon-pblyester-wool, nylon-cotton, or nylon- cotton-wool? Stretch or regular? Short or calf-length? And so it goes-cars, shirts, floor wax, soup, detergents or bread. You name it, they complicate it. • May Be Waiting By tohn Chamberlain F I*" 1 Lyndon "•'Johnson has managed, despite extreme provocation, to keep his lip buttoned on the subject, of Charles De Gaulle. But others are .flailing out. at le Grand Charles, notably Senator Paul Douglas, liberal Democrat of Illinois, who even goes so far as to suggest that France settle up for debts incurred in Worlcl War I. (The snort wafting over from the Elysian Fields was undoubtedly that of Calvin Coolidge, who angered all the Douglas-type liberals of his day by his remark, directed at our World War debtors, that " they hired the money, didn't they?") The tendency to knock De Gaulle is understandable, for the old man's policies run distinctly counter to those of the U.S. But narsh language, in tin's particular instance, is worse than useless, for we have no hold on France today. Moreover, there is a sense in which De Gaulle could be right. It may be that the old man distrusts our policies primarily because we seem, from time to tiine, to put no great trust in them ourselves. There is the matter of our economic policies, for example. We object when De Gaulle asks for gold in exchange for paper dollars in the French treasury, but do nothing to protect the purchasing power of the dollar for the future. Meanwhile, we expect other nations—Britain is one — to discipline their economies. Looking at things from De Gaulle's side of the Atlantic, we must seem like a spoiled child when we talk about the need to protect our gold supply. We want the gold, but the traditional protective device of a high bank rates, which might be used to keep it in the U.S., is something for the peasants of Europe, not for the lords of creation in New York and Washington. We expect others to suffer while we hang on to the delights of easy money. Then, there is U.S. foreign policy. Charles De Gaulle seems like a dog in the manger ' tyhen'he'proposed neutralization in Viet N T am. VJKjljrjt .could be that he doesn't trust us to carry through in that part of the world. The rainy season is on in South Viet Nam, and the Viet Cong seerns quite confident that it is going to win in the mud. It would only be natural for, De Gaulle, who saw his own countrymen driven out-of Viet Nam, to doubt that the United States can succeed where France failed, particularly when we refuse to use anti-Communist Asiatic manpower that might be enlisted on our side. If the U.S. is only fighting in Viet Nam to lose, De Gaulle can hardly be called stupid in wanting the war to end sooner rather than later, with himself in the "I told you so" position. The French attitude on the subject of the Dominican crisis could be based on a theory that, when the shooting and shouting are over, there will be a weak and vulnerable Bosch-type government in Santo Domingo anyway. It this is to be the mouse-like result of massive U.S. intervention, why shouldn't De Gaulle try to curry favor with the rest of Latin America by taking an anti-Yankee stand? , For his bid for cultivating the friendsliin ol F.ussia and the East European satellite governments, De Gaulle has been vilified as a practical traitor to the West. But he is only doing now what we ourselves were doing just yesterday. After all, it was American wheat, sold without any political quid pro quo, that bailed the Soviet government out not so long ago. And it was only last January that Lyndon Johnson was angling to entertain Russia's Brezhnev and Kosygin in. Washington, in hopes of restoring the spirit of Camp David. . This columnist doesn't like what De Gaulle is doing. But it is always salutary to try to get inside the other person's skin before sounding off. Anger is only good when it has some chance of working. And De Gaulle is too canny to be impressed by anything besides deeds. Come to think of it, De Gaulle and LBJ are somewhat alike. Both have flouted their supporters, De Gaulle in the case of the generals of Algeria and Lyndon in the case of the liberal neutralists on Viet Nam, Could be that LBJ will yet convert De Gaulle by deed. Onward and Upward />> Today in National Affairs By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON — There was an art festival at the White House on Monday. It took the time and attention of the president of the United States. The occasion had a praiseworthy purpose. But there Is something far more important which needs the time and attention of the nation's chief executive right now. It's the wavering morale of the parents and relatives of the more .than 50,000 American boys who are fighting .the war i n Vietnam. These families cannot know what is going on in the jungles of Vietnam just be reading the newspapers, and naturally little mention of Individuals is made unless these are casualties. Meanwhile, what the critics are saying, both here and abroad, is widely publicized. The i m - presslon is given that It is a useless war and that the lives of the American boys are being sacrificed in vain. The real truth, however, i s that the Americans in Vietnam are performing a service not only for the 190 million people In the United States, but also for the hundreds of millions of human beings in other countries who are being protected against a nuclear war because of t h e steadfastness and resoluteness of America's armed forces, a * tt President Johnson is conscious of the worries and anxieties of the families of the Americans who are in Vietnam But he admitted on Tuesday that he had a difficult time replying to a letter from a mother whose son was enroute to Viet nam. He said he told her the nation's liberty and freedom are so precious that her son's ended their lives on Vietnam's steaming soil. "Why must we take this pain- r ul road? Why must this nation hazard its ease. Its Interest, and ts power for the sake of a people so far away? "We fight because we mus Ight If we are to live in a world where every country can shape ts own destiny, and only i such a world will our own freedom be finally secure. . . . 'Over this war — and a 1' Asia — is another reality: The deepening shadow of Commun- st China. The Rulers in Hanoi are urged on by Pelplng. This s a regime which has destroyed freedom in Tibet, which has attacked India, and has been condemned by the United Nations for aggression in Korea. It Is a nation which is helping the forces of violence in almost every continent. The contest In service is But there needed in Vietnam has not yet been i definitive declaration telling the parents and relatives of the members of the armed forces o the United States why the mission in Southeast Asia is so vitally important. President Johnson could read 11:' dramatize at a ceremony in the White House the reasons why American Troups are in Vietnam. A delegation of parents of soldiers, airmen and sailors in Southeast Asia could Vietnam Is part of a wider pattern of aggressive purposes. "We are also there to streng then world order. Around the Globe, from Berlin to Thailand are people whose well-being rests In part on the belief that they can. count on us if they are attacked. To leave Vietnam to Its fate would shake the con fidence of all these people in the value of an American com mltment and in the value o America's word. The. resul would be Increased unrest and instability, and even wide war. ... ' "We will not be defeated. We will not grow tired. We will no withdraw, either openly or un der the cloak of a meaningles agreement." The President could say a lo more at a White House cere mony and awaken an apprecia tion of the service being rend ered by brave American boys a they risk their lives so tha their families and their fellow Americans at home may b spared the horrors of a nuclea war. Business Mirror By SAM DAWSON AP Business News Analyst NEW YORK (AP) — Judged by the popular indexes, stock prices have taken a big shellacking in the last month. But other figures tell a less disturbing story. You have to know how each index is fashioned and how to interpret it. The Dow Jones Index of 30 Industrial stocks dropped from a record 939.62 May 14 to 868 71 June 14. This plunge of 70.91 points caused many people to call this a major break. But the decline was around 8 per cent, a mere drop In the .bucket compared to the 27 per cent slide from the 1961 high of 734.91 to the 1962 low of 535.76, or the 89 per cent plunge from the 1929 high of 381.17 to the 1932 low of 41.22. And the prices of the 30 industrial stocks used in the index bear small resemblance to the big figures in the index. Prices on June 14 ranged from a high of $238'/4 for Du Pont to a low of 30% for International Paper. And the actual average price of the 30 stopks on June 14 was $67.91. ft ft ft This average is obtained by dividing the total cost of one closer to the actual market. But his index is weighted so that it also doesn't give the actual average price. v Why and how are the index averages weighted? be brought to the White House j e «ch of the 30 stocks by 30. The at government expense so that! Dow Jones index divided the the President personally could i total °y 2 - 348 - And June 16 this explain the war and what it means not only to the American people but to the world as a whole. Such an occasion would serve also to remind the parents of many boys who have not yet gone to Vietnam that divisor was lowered to 2.278 because of a stock split of one of the issues. The index is an indicator of trends over the years and not to be confused with the prices of today's market. Another popular index is Standard & Poor's 500 stocks On June 17 this index stood at Ironwood Daily Globe (IronwooC News-Record acquired April 16 1B31 Ironwood Time* acquired May 93, IBM. if a crisis comes, they, too must be prepared for the great sacrifices that are necessary to prevent a nuclear war. President Johnson did make a generalized speech on April 7 at John Hopkins University i n p H b , u £ ht ! •T, en .! n « l> • xo «P t 8un<u nnltlmnra hi.* ,,,hot »,„ o „ j ti W Globe Publishing Company, 118 L Baltimore, DUt What he Said McLeod Av e .. Ironwood, Michigan then about Vietnam needs established NOV. to. 1919, reiteration. Mr. Johnson de chared: * A ft "Tonight Americans and Asians are dying for a world where each people may chose its own path to change "This is the principle for which our ancestors fought i n the valleys of Pennsylvania. It is a principle for which our sons fight tonight in the jungles of Vietnam. "Vietnam is far away from this quiet campus. We have no territory there, nor do we seek any. The war is dirty and brutal and difficult. And some 400 young men, born into an America that is bursting with o p portunity and promise, have Iron- Second class postage paid at wood. Michigan. MEMBBB Or TUB ASSOCIATED PRESS The AMOclated Prsjaa is entitled • eluslvely to the use (or republcatloo of all the local news printed In this newspaper, aa well a* all AP news die- pa tchea. Member ot American Nawspapa Publishers Association, Intcramerlcan Press Association. Inland Dally Praa Association, Bureau of Advertising Michigan Bureau of •ubaerli Press Association. Circulation*. Audi . ratta: Bjr mall within a radlua of 60 miles—per year. S9; itx months, M; three months, (3; - one month, SI .50. No mall subscriptions told to towns and location* where carrle service Is maintained Elsewhere—pe year. S18; one month SI SO Ml mall | feet DCr SCCOnd) aubscrlption* payable In advance. By ' carrier, $20.80 per year la advance; by tha waek, M eenta. 84.01, with omponents the at The National Whirligig By ANDREW TULLT WASHINGTON — Postmaster General Gronouski's Advisory anel on Postal Rates has done wondrous thing. It has faced he fact that air mall service Is part myth, and has asked that Congress merge air and first- class mail into a single classification aimed at delivering mall by the fastest possible method. It costs 8 cents to send a letter >y air mail from Washington to New York—and usually it reaches its destination a day later han a letter bearing a first- class, 5 cent stamp. This is because surface facilities are more efficient between the two cities, f such a word Is permissible n reference to our lousy mall service. * * * FASTEST METHOD PROPOSED—But the Postofflce De- jartment has no discretion 1 n he matter. If a letter bears an air mail stamp it has to go by air, even if everybody knows it will reach its destination much ater than mail sent first class. Between some cities, if an air mail letter misses a plane there s a delay of several hours be fore it can be placed on another plane. Now the Advisory Panel wants to give the Postoffice Department discretion by statute, and Gronouski Is going along. The idea is to come up with a "preferential" classification at a rate in between the 5-cent and 8-cent stamps. A letter mailed at this rate would be dispatched by air only if that was the fastest method; otherwise It would go by surface transportation. Meanwhile, Gronouski is pondering a plan whereby the Postoffice Department would lease cargo planes for its air service, thus ending a situation which places mail delivery at the mercy of airline schedules. * « « $300 MILLION GIVE-AWAY —There will be howls from assorted "public service" organizations over another of the panel's recommendations. This seeks legislation to discontinue all preferential rates now granted to so-called "non-profit" outfits on the ground that their mall serves a public service. These rates now account for nearly $300 million of the Postoffice Department's projected $762 million deficit for flsc a 1 year 1965. A lot of the stuff sent through the mails at these rates Is borderline—phonograph records, circulars and merchandise —but if Congress decides that it should be subsidized by the taxpayers, then the subsidies should be paid out of the budgets of Federal agencies concerned with the public welfare, such as the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. « « ft COSTS RISE—Moreover, there is a need for a tougher supervision of .these subsidy payments. The panel suggests that subsides to preferred mail users follow the practice in the airline and maritime industries, where a license or permit is issued by the Federal agency involved. : Because delivery of mail is a service, the Postoffice Department probably will never again be in the black. Perhaps It shouldn't be. But the cost to the taxpayer of supporting "public service" mailings has increased from $37 million in 1960 to about $500 million today. Some body should take a look at the system to make sure all that preferential mall Is legitimate^ Day in History By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Friday, June 18, the 169th day of 1965. There are 196 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1815, forces of the Duke of Wellington and gen. von Blucher defeated Napoleon at Waterloo. On this date In 1812, Congress declared war on Great Britain. In 1940, the Nazis captured the French port of Cherbourg. In 1942, Winston Churchill arrived in the United States for conferences with President Franklin Roosevelt. In 1945, U.S. Lt. Gen. Simon Buckner was killed In action on Okinawa. Ten years ago — Pierre Mendes-France was chosen premier beagle clubs in the Upper Pen- nsula are scheduled to compete n the Northern Michigan Hare Association's derby trials h e r e Sunday. 20 YEARS AGO — High 72, ow 59. . . .Rainfall in Ironwood to date this . mo nth amounts to 5.75 inches, accord- ng to official records kept by the Lake Superior District Pow- r Co. for the government at its Norrie substation. . . .Veterans of World War II of the Ironwood American Legion are sponosring a dance slated to be held in the Legion clubrooms on Saturda y evening. All servicemen home on leave and all discharged servicemen are Invited to attend. 425 Industria 89.09. This is of France. Five years The S & P n 1957, and index was started thus is closer to Gov. Earl Long was seized by eputies and committed to a mental institution. One year ago — Forty-one >ersons, including 16 rabbis, were arrested in an outbreak ol iolence during an Integration drive in St. Augustine, Fla. modern stock prices than the Dow, which originated in 1897 with 12 stocks but took its present form of 30 Industrial ssues in October 1928. The S & P is weighted to give effect to the number of shares outstanding in each issue, and to any stock splits, and to the average during the base years of 1941-43. The Dow Jones 30 industrials have seen many substitutes since 1928, some being dropped and others added to make the Index more representative of the stock market as its character changes with the years. The divisor is changed to show the effect of stock splits and stock dividends, and such things as Du Font's distribution of its General Motors stock holdings. And that is why today the total closing price of the 30 stocks isn't divided by 30 but by 2.278 — the latest change June 16 being due to a two-for-one split in Union Carbide. For all the wide spread between the two — Dow Jones al 868 points and S & P at 89, and the Dow confined to 30 issues while 8 Si P uses 425 — they usually move much the same, in percentages rather than points This is because the 3 & P uses the same blue chips s the Dow and they are weighted so heavi ly because of their huge volume of outstanding shares. For ex ample, in 1964 the S & P index rose 13.1 per cent and the Dow climbed 14.1 per cent. And another things you should remember: The (act that an average falls sharply on anj one day doesn't mean that al the isfeues on it do, too. Nor when it hits a record high, does that mean that all the issues are at or near their record highs Generally few are. Most have set their highs some time back a few several years back. 10 YEARS AGO — Temperatures: High 78, low 57 . . A new housing area just north Ironwood in Ironwood Town ship Is rapidly developing with plans for several new homes In he area this summer. One ;cene of proposed heavy actl vity is the Jackson Road wes of Lake Road toward the arm ory. . . .Forty-two Gogebic Dls rict employees of Oliver Iron Mining Division who have 4 0 years or more service with U.S Steel will be awarded stalnles steel watches at a dinner party First formal Intercolleg i at e in their honor at the Gogebic ; football game was played Nov. SHOCK WAVES Earthquakes on the ocean bot torn produce shock waves sim ilar to those caused by deptt charges. They travel In the sea at the velocity of sound (5,OOC \JSE DAILY GL.OB1 WANT-ADS ago— Louisiana Record of the Past Timely Quotes Nobody's normal. We people with the circus or the carnivals, we've got something wrong that everybody can see. But we know that loads of people have something wrong that can't be seen, and this makes us tolerant. —Brenda Beatty, circus bearded lady. Irresponsible and incompetent driving. —National Safety Council on holiday toll. A Daily Thought And Indeed you do love all the brethren throughout Macedonia/ But we exhort you, brethren, to do so more and more, to aspire to live quietly, to mind your own affairs, and to work with your hands, as we charged you: — 1 Thess. 4:10-11. The highest reward for man's toll is not what he gets for It but what he becomes by It. — John Ruskln, 19th century English author. Country Club. .Forty-eight young hounds from the six 6, I860, at New Brunswick, N.J., between Princeton and Rutgers. Berry's World 0^' "1 think /'re found an efficient way of getting orotfflt I

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