lO-Tuesday, May 4, 1965 Redlands Daily Facts Impairment of faculties increases with old age The Aging (II) (EDITOR'S NOTE: One of the hazards of turning old is the psyciatric jar of unexpected idleness. Some people who can't adjust to it become bored and resentful. People accept the deterioration of their bodies with better grace than the restlessness of their minds.) By HARRY FERGUSON United Press International W.^SHINGTON (UPI)-There is a popular belief that old age itself Is a disease and that people die from it. Nothing could be further from the truth. "There is no known case of death from old age." says Dr. Edward L. Bortz, a Philadelphia expert on aging. "No pathologist has ever established at the autopsy table that a person dying of natural causes had body tissues correct and adequate in every way except that they had worn out in the process of living. In other words, people do not die of age. They die of diseases which occur with passing time. These diseases are recognizable and can be studied." What does happen is that there is likely to be impairment of some of the faculties. Eyesight can deteriorate. About one in eight persons aged 65 to 74 has an impairment of hearing and after 75 the rate becomes one in four. Old people lose their teeth, but the experts are inclined to blame it more on lack of care than on advancing years. The American Automobile Association has found in simulated driving tests that reactions of persons aged 70 are a tenth of a second slower than those aged 20. Foremost Worry Probably the one thing that worries old people more than anything else is a decline in the powers of memory. In other words they become absent minded, and that rouses fears that they are drifting toward mental trouble. The President's Council on Aging gives this example of the problem: Recently in St. Petersburg, Fla., Joseph Letter was addressing an audience of 5,000 old people who had assembled to hear a concert. He opened his remarks this way: "There's a brown Buick parked on the street behind us here. The owner probably won't remember the license number, but perhaps he will remember his Buick was brown. It's not in the way or anything. The owner simply walked away and left the motor running." Many old persons accept the deterioration of their faculties with good grace and a sense of humor, but for millions retirement from an active life is a shock. Women make the transition better than men because there still are floors to sweep, dishes to wash and beds to be National Window Gresham's law and voting By Lyle C. Wilson Sir Thomas Gresham was an English financier who gave his name to Gresham's law of economics. Most briefly, this law may be stated that: Bad money drives good money out of circulation. More formally, Gresham's law is that when good and bad money are simultaneously in circulation, the bad money will continue in circulation whereas the good money will be hoarded or melted down for bullion. The Negro emergence as a powerful force at the polls invites consideration whether Gresham's law of economics might also be applicable to politics. For example: Would a massive infusion of Negro voters into theretofore White southern primaries cause White electors to cut their party moorings and go elsewhere? This question does not imply that Negro votes or Negro electors are bad. But the question does recognize the likelihood that a massive intrusion of Negro bloc voters into a Mississippi or Alabama primary, for example, could encounter consid- rrablc resentment. Resistance would be unlawful. One Alternative For frustrated southerners one alternative would be to accept newly enfranchised Negroes as a balance of power au- tliority in the Democratic party. The other alternative must be for White electors to take their political business elsewhere. As for the balance of power potential of the southern Negro, the population figures are conclusive. In the 11 southern slates the number of whites of voting age is approximately 20 million and Negroes of voting age about 5 million. The average percentage and participation in elections unquestionably will increase through enforcement of the pending voting rights bill. The elements of a Negro balance of power position are amply evident in the South. As of now on the basis of recent presidential elections, the American Negro is a political Democrat. Masses of White southern voters already have deserted the Democratic party in presidential politics. This is a trend likely to extend to local politics. President Johnson lost Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi and South Carolina in 1964. Bloc Negro voting en abled LBJ to win Florida and Virginia which had not gone Democratic since 1948. Will Foul System The gravel will foul the political gear box when the infusion sf Negro votes massively affects Democratic primaries to nominate local and congressional candidates. It is not unrea sonable to believe that southern whites wni seek means to nominate for local office free of massive Negro influence. They cannot exclude Negroes from primary polling. There could be a mass flight of southern Whites to the Republican party. The Whites could assume that the Negroes would not follow them or. in any event, would not follow im mediately. There could be super-organization among White politicians to limit the number tif primary contestants so that there would be no opportunity for Negroes to exercise a balance of power authority in the polling. It is obvious that he minority of Negro electors could not prevail in a primary over the majority of White electors it the Whites had agreed on a single entry or, even, on a primary contest between two or three acceptable candidates. Such organization is hard to come by. It never can long continue. On the other hand, the Republican party always will be available to welcome White refugees from Negro penetration of local Democratic politics. Out of all of this could come in the South a respectable two- party system. That would be a great boon to the republic. TIZZY By Kate Osann "While you're giving me an advance for MotFier's Oay, how about an advance for Father's Day, too?" made up. A man who retires at 65 can be in for serious trouble as Dr. Alexander Reid Martin explains in "education for life off the job": "Sleeplessness, the inability to relax and the fear of leisure are among the earliest and most common symptoms of so-called psychiatric illness. These symp- tons are, of course, unrelated to pain and any demonstrable physical disease. "When these patients are confronted with leisure, they are restless, dissatisfied, irritable and they show great intolerance of inactivity and waiting. They have great feelings of guilt if they read a book, go to the movies, watch TV or do anything for sheer pleasure. They are especially intolerant of children. They can overcome this feeling of guilt somewhat if they place all these activities under the heading of necessity — TV and theater are musts for education and vacations are musts for health. "Unless they give a logical purpose and good practical reasons for what they do, their feel ing of guilt persists. Many things that should be openly pleasureful are done rebeliously or defiantly. This, in turn, then is followed by a deeper sense of guilt." This question of mental attitude is a measure of the size and diversits of the problem of the aged. What does it avail us to see that old people are well fed, well housed and given adequate medical attention if millions of them are going to be bored and resentful because of their new freedom and leisure? Misses Fact The answer of many psychiatrists is that the aged should be encouraged to go in for self education. They want people to buy phonograph records, read novels and history and learn a foreign language. The idea sounds attractive, but it ignores the fact that in many cases old people would have to break the patterns of a lifetime to get any benefit from it. A man who has ignored books and music all of his adult life, is unlikely to acquire a sudden taste for them on his 65th birthday. More likely he will sit in the living room and worry and speculate on what is going on down at the office or factory. For persons who make the transition into old age gracefully the activities fall into two categories: Active and inactive. The most popular in the inactive field are watching television, listening to the radio, reading newspapers and reading magazines. But the most successful of all old people are the ones who go in for activity, and this is the order of their preference: Collecting things (stamps, corns etc), traveling, card playing, gardening, fishing, bowling, sewing, hunting, photography, boating and handicrafts (do it yourself activity). (Tomorrow: The dollars and cents problems of the old people.) WASHINGTON (UPI) — The President's Council on Aging cities this e.xample of a 96-year- old woman who has conquered many of the problems of old age: At 90 she learned to type and now writes poety and short stories and keeps a diary. She has a garden and enjoys sewing. She weaves cane bottoms for chairs and in her 95th year made 13 of them. One of her short stories tells about how a confidence man came to her front door and tried to swindle her out of $200. She turned him down, but later he was arrested for swindlmg another elderly woman. Jean Harlow's relatives sue for SS-million INDEPENDENCE, Mo. (UPI)! —Relatives of the late Jeanj Harlow, seething over re vela-j tions in the best - selling biography of tlie star, have taken their indignation to court. They seek $8 million m damages. Mrs. Violette H. Bello, widow of the star's stepfather, Friday cued a $5 million damage suit in circuit court over the recently published, "Harlow, An Intimate Biography" by Irvmg Shulman. It was the second multi- milUon dollar lawsuit filed here aver the book. Last November Miss Harlow's father. Dr. Mont Clair Carpenter, sued for $3 million, alleging the book destroys his right of privacy, is libelous and holds him up to ridicule. Mrs. Bello alleges the book tends to "blacken and vUhfy" the memory of the stepfather. Mrs. Bello said she has been "scandalized, provoked and libeled." Miss Harlow, the "blonde bombshell" who rose to fame after director Howard Hughes starred her in "Hell's Angels," was bom in nearby Kansas City, Mo., as Harlean Carpenter. When her parents separated she went to Hollywood with her mother and adopted her mother's maiden name. CAKNIVAL By Dick Turner NEW YORK (UPI)—A heartbroken Johnny Blanchard headed for the Kansas City Athletics today and Elston Howard for the hospital in a stunning series of events that left the reeling New "^ork Yankees with their thinnest catching corps in more than two decades. The Yankees, mired m eighth place with a 7-9 record in defense of their American League pennant, turned to tlieir old "cousins" in Kansas City for help Monday night and came up with catcher Howard (Doc) Edwards from the A's in return for Blanchard, also a catcher, and pitcher Roland Sheldon. In addition Yankee General Manager Ralph Houk also announced that Howard, the "1 told him I lost the car keys-in the grass!" TELEVISION IN REVIEW By KICK DU BROW HOLLYWOOD (UPI) — From dawn until bedtime Monday, television had one of its most spectacular days ever: Five hours and 15 minutes of news broadcasts .that used the new transatlantic satellite. Early Bird, plus a color documentary in which Melina Mercouri guided a tour of Greece. There was also something c a 11 e d j "Lome Greene's American West," a so-called "musical | documentary" about pioneer days, but the less said about that the better. In short, there were seven hours and 15 minutes of special or near-special network broadcasting Monday, a diet which | would be subscribed to in full only by fools or critics (don't say I never gave you any ammunition), but a feast for the selective viewer. It began whenj NBC - TV's morning "Today"; show, on the first full day that I Early Bird was available forj general use, presented a two- 1 hour broadcast originating in: London (with Hugh Downs asj an outdoor anchorman), Paris,! Rome, Amsterdam, The Hague and Washington. This was a really splendid program, an ideal start. It began with a brief live message in English from Pope Paul at his desk. The remamder of the telecast had primarily out door originations and, in this regard, was beautifully organized to project the basic people-to-people potential and importance of Early Bird. I thought all "Today" hands did well, but I particularly admired Downs, and also Aline Saarinen at the Roman Forum. The Paris sequences included a street fashion show and Yves Mon- tand reading a Heming^vay passage about the city on a balcony. After "Today." CBS - TV's morning news with Mike Wallace used Early Bird. And so did CBS-TV's London - Paris- Washington-New York "Town Meeting of the World" discussion about Viet Nam, which included Barry Goldwater and Dean Rusk, and was aired during the day and repeated at night. And so did all the evening news reports. And so did an NBC-TV prime-time half- hour show with reporters in London and New York. As for that NBC-TV Lome Greene special and the ABC-TV Mercouri hour, which were on at the same time, the difference was that Mercouri- is special and Greene isn't. Yankees in trade with As, Howard goes to hospital league's Most Valuable Player in 1963 and a .313 hitter last year, will enter Lenox Hill Hospital today to undergo surgery on his right elbow for the removal of a bone chip. The 35 -y6ar -old slugger, who probably will be operated on Wednesday, will be placed on the disabled Ust, thus making him ineligible to play again for at least 30 days. Howard mjui-ed his throwing arm during an exhibition game in Puerto Rico April 3 and caught only the opening game of the regular season at Minnesota, when he reinjured his arm. He's also played three games at first base and compiled a .222 battmg average in 18 times at-bat. The Yankees now are reduced behind tlie plate to Edwards, who hit .224 for the A's last year, and 32-year-old Bob Schmidt, a journeyman performer who was promoted from Richmond during sprmg tram- ing. Sheldon, a 6-4 righthander, broke in with the Yankees with an 11-5 record in 1961, but never won more than seven games in I any year after that. He has .appeared in only two games this season, both in reUef, with no record. Athletics Manager Mel McGaha said in Kansas City Monday night tliat he would use the 1 29-year-old Sheldon as either a starter or as the long relief man and said Blanchard "gives I us another swing man." SHOW BEAT $6 million — wiio needs it? By Dlclc Kleiner Hollywood Correspondent Newspaper Enterprise Assn. HOLLYWOOD (NEA) Here's the explanation of why Lila Kedrova looked as though she was about to faint as she accepted her Oscar for her supporting role in "Zorba the Greek." It was more than mere excitement, it develops. When she was nominated, her mother was tremendously proud. And, of course, she wanted so much for her daughter to win. Two weeks before the Oscar night, however, Lila's mother died. Lila made the trip anyway. But, as she heard her name called, she could think only of how her mother would have felt. BLONDE MALTED, or A FAIR SHAKE Bob Mitchum says he was offered S6 million if he'd do a television series, and he turned it down — "What would anybody want with $6 miUion'? How many boats can a man have?" . . . Joe E. Lewis writes that his next movie (next??) will be a science fiction gem called "Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Weather" . . . The lawsuit Paramount slapped on George Pcppard for quitting "The Sands of Kalahari" doesn't bother him too much — he has five other offers since "Operation Crossbow" is such a smash. ... An inspired bit of casting — Akim Tamiroff will play a South Pacific island chieftain with Dick Van Dyke and Nancy Kwan in "Lt. Robin Crusoe" for Disney. . . . RAQUEL, or ALL'S WELCH Oh. the pain. As Raquel Welch told me about her daily problems on "Fantastic Voyage," I almost began to weep. The poor kid is really suffering for her art and her pay check. She spends most of her time in the picture togged out in a white rubber "wet suit," the kind scuba divers wear. And it turns out she's allergic to rubber. After much trial and scratch and error, she figured out if she wore somethmg underneath, it wouldn't itch so much. But her neck was still unprotected. It's red and raw and hurts so much she can barely turn her head. That isn't aU. Raquel and the others are hung from \vires for the scenes in which they are supposedly swimming. The I wires are fi.xed to a special harness around her body — "parts of the harness stick into my rib cage and the straps cut my shoulders." That isn't all. They have to wear a glass face plate. To keep it from clouding up, it is I heated before they put it on. All through the scene, she's breathing hot air. For a wreck, she still looks pretty good. THE PSYCHIC STARS: Tim Conway The night before a flight from Los Angeles to Cleveland, Tim j Conway had a dream. A man I came up to him in the airport, and asked him what flight was leaving — it was 64 — and wiiether it went on from Cleveland to Boston — it did. Just then the loudspeaker announced the departure of Flight 64. Tim and the man got on — and the plane crashed. The next day, Tim went to the airport. A man approached him and asked him what flight was leaving — it was 64 — and whether it went on from Cleveland to Boston —• it did. And the loudspeaker came in right • on cue. Tim was petrified, but he j could think of no reasonable w'ay to beg off from taking the 'plane. So he got on board. He says it was the roughest flight he ever made — "I still think it was supposed to crash, but somehow we all got a reprieve." RHS nine plays three games this week Coach Joe DeMaggio's Redlands High Terrier baseball team is busy this week with a game today, then tomorrow at Riverside Poly and again on Friday when they entertain San Bernardmo on the RHS diamond. Starting time for the games is 3:30 p.m. The date with Riverside Poly tomorrow is a makeup for a rained-out date earlier this season. Next week, the Terriers will again play three games, Monday at Pacific, Wednesday Pacific at Redlands and Friday at Riverside. Outfielder Les Cowen of Redlands is leading the CBL race for the batting title with a fat .538 average. He went 3-for-3 against Chaffey Friday in the RHS 8-6 upset win over t h e Tigers. Loren Brucker of Chaffey is in the number two spot with a .485 mark. Rick Ogden of Pacific is third with an even .400. Riverside Poly's Chuck Van Dusen is at .367 and Tim Ryan of Chaffey is .371. The Chaffey high Tigers zipped back into the CBL lead yesterday when they crushed Ramona high Rams 9-2. Riverside remained in second place while Redlands is fifth with a 3-7 mark. Pitching may be the Terriers problem as the RHS nine concludes the season. Rich Abrassart got the call today with Ron Garcia and Larry Ekema.hand ling the bullpen chores. Garcia is expected to handle the mound chores tomorrow with Ekema coming back on Friday against San Bernardino. Pitcher Mike Miller hasn't received the doctor's clearance to go back mto action. Pioneer pilot dies POTTSTOWN. Pa. (UPI) 1 Funeral services will be held Tuesday for Samuel R. Bigony, pioneer air lines pilot killed Saturday in the crash of a 35- jyear old plane he rebuilt himself. He was 66. "LIKE FATHER . . ." NEW YORK (UPI)—Heredity appears to play a significant role in psoriasis, the scaly, patchy red skm disease. Dr. Gunnar Lomholt, of Copenhagen, found a familial occurrence in 91 per cent of 311 confirmed cases. A report on his work, in "Medical Tribune," noted that the probability incidence jumps to 60 to 75 per cent if both parents are sufferers; it's 23 per cent if one parent has the disease. Sorokin again cops dragster title race Mike Sorokin of Santa Monica drove the "Surfers" drag.ster to it's second straight top eliminator title Saturday night before 4,117 fans at Fontana Dragw^ay. It marked the fifth top eliminator win this year for the popular "Surfer" crew, stretching their lead in the driver sland- mgs. Tom Dyer of Los Angeles turned in the evening's fastest speed and low elapsed time, with a run of 205.00 mph in 7.63 seconds. Richard Hibbard of Up land won Middle Eliminator with Vick Rosetti of Los Angeles taking the Junior title. Results: Top eliminator: Sorokin 7.79 sec, 20134 mph. Middle eliminator: Hibbard — 8.52 sec, 177.81 mph. Junior eUminator: Rosetti — 9.70 sec, 150.75 mph. Little ehminator: Jess Lambert, Westchester — 19.18 sec, 149.00 mph. Special eliminator: Norm Leonard, Garden Grove — 10.85 sec, 132.15 mph. Top cycle: Prentis Perry. Los Angeles. Gas cycle: Nira Johnson, Los Angeles — 11.54 sec, 115.08 mph. Street cycle: Dave Range, Paramount — 12.47 sec. 103.68 mph. Top stock: Corky Muller, San Gabriel — 13.54 sec, 104.06 mph. Middle stock: Lennie Kennedy, Pomona — 13.54 sec, 103.68 mph. Little stock: Dwight Ritchey, Glendora — 14.50 sec:, 94.65 mph. Ladies Race: Carol Short, Ontario — 14.26 sec, 96.15 mph. Fastest jet goes on European duty SOUTH RUISLIP, England (UPI)—Third U.S. Ah- Force Headquarters announced Monday the RF4C phantom tactical jet fighter, fastest in the Air Force, will be assigned to European duty next week. The twin-engine reconnais sance plane has reached altitudes of more than 100,000 feet and can fly at speeds up to 1,600 miles per hour. The furst of the RF4C's will be based at Alconbury Royal Au- Force Station north of London. About 18 of the planes eventually will be assigned to the base. not calm and serene on Boston fight front BOSTON (UPI) — A police chief with "no angles" and a district attorney with an ultimatum are keeping preparations for the scheduled May 25 heavyweight fight between Cassius Clay and Sonny Listen in an uproar. In both cases it's a matter of law. Dedham Police Chief Walter H. Carroll says he will bar spectators from sparring sessions of ex-champ Listen at the Towers Inn today unless the Listen camp compUes with certain state and local regulations. And Suffolk County Dist. Atty. Garrett H. Byrne says he will seek an injunction blocking the Boston Garden fight three weeks from tonight unless the Massachusetts Boxing Commission satisfies him that no laws will be violated in staging the championship bout. Byrne has given the boxing commission until 2 p.m. EDT today to clear the air. Even Clay, 100 miles away in Chicopee. is being scrutinized. Dist. Atty. Matthew Ryan of Hampden County has advised Byrne that he will check the young champion's training camp at Schine Inn for possible violations of the law. Byrne had been scheduled to meet with the boxing commission Monday but the confrontation was cancelled without explanation. Instead, Byrne sent a memorandum and a covering letter to commission headquarters. The memorandum alleged specific jlaw violations in connection with promotion of the May 25 fight, and the letter warned that unless the problems were corrected by 2 p.m. today Byrne would go to court to seek an injunction barring the match. The nature of Byrne's charges was not revealed. Jletsomania, a psychic phenomenon that has always b&en suspect as an ersatz cult, shows symptoms this year of being a true neurotic derivative. The ineptitude of Marvelous Marv Throneberry never struck me as real Metsomania. It was too masochistic, and contrived, because, after all, the staid New York Yankees once gave Marv $50,000 on the premise he was a ballplayer. What the New York Mets show in 1965 is a young sect that is screwball in both allegory and fact. There is, for instance, the young pitcher named Gary Kroll, an expatriate from the Phillies with the emaciated look of Nature Boy, or a leftover from a Cecil B. DeMille biblical epic. He gets his long blond tresses cut once every six months—never when he pitches in Venezuela. For breakfast, he mixes himself a protein concoction of cottage cheese, raw hamburger, honey and corn. He can also pitch, as he proved by beating the San Francisco Giants in his first starting assignment for the Mets. Jim Betheke is the only 18- year-old "stopper" in baseball. At least, that's the way the Mets have used him in this young season. He smoothed out his nerves by riding with his dad in the engine cab on the Missouri-Pacific run from Kansas City to Denver. Also on the pitching staff is Frank (Tug) McGraw, who does everything right-handed except pitch. That includes the exercise of a pair of shears and cUppers on the scalps of his teammates which has earned him the nickname of "The Barber." His first start in organized baseball last year was a seven- inning no-hitter for Cocoa in the Florida Rookie League. Kevin Collins is an 18-year- old infielder, probably the first rookie -who ever had his big league debut postponed by a shoulder operation. When Casey Stengel listed him to start the other day, he couldn't lift his arm. It wasn't traumatic. The doctor discovered a ruptured muscle. The expected super-star of the future is Cleon Jones, another Met originaL He throws left, but bats right. That's because when he was a kid in Alabama, the pitchers wouldn't throw to him unless he got to bat Uke everybody else. With him in the outfield is a muscular Pole with a Chinese grandfather. That's Ron Swoboda, a powerful 20-year-old who prompted the Met publicity staff to boast at the end of the fhrst week of the season that he was 11 games ahead of Maris' pace and 5 games ahead of Ruth— he'd hit two home runs. Ron's Polish grandmother was widow- NEW TEAM OKLAHOMA CITY (UPI)Oklahoma City will have its first hockey team m 29 years next winter, it was announced Monday. ed and went to work in a Chinese restaurant, then married a co-worker. Manager Stengel, approaching 75, calls the Mets' boy brigade "My Youth of America." The youth leader would have to be Ed Kranepool. who is now be- yound tears. When they shipped him to Buffalo a year ago, Ed broke down and cried. When he came back late in the season, he vowed, "I'm a new man." He hadn't yet reached his 20th birthday. Kranepool's distinguishing mark is his bankbook. He collected a bigger bonus than anyone now on the Met roster, an estimated $85,000. This has led him to Wall Street, and he is the only Met to hit .455 in the first six games wiio has only a month to go for his stockbroker's Ucense. He also, from a point of achievement, broke Hank Greenberg's home run record at Monroe High School in the Bronx. Of such stuff are legends made. Major League Leaders National League G. AB R. H. Pet. Allen. Phil 17 66 15 26 .394 Kranpool. NY IS 67 11 26 .388 Colman, Cin 13 51 7 19 .373 J.Alou, SF 19 79 14 29 .367 M.Alou. SF 13 45 7 16 .356 Hart. SF 19 63 5 22 .349 Banks, Chi 17 66 9 23 .348 ' McCovy, SF 19 61 9 21 .344 Robnson. Cui 17 59 15 20 .339 Wynn, Hou 19 72 15 24 .333 American League G. AB R. H. Pet. Cater. Chi 14 49 10 18 .367 Mantilla, Bos 14 52 5 19 .365 McAuUfe, Det 15 47 14 17 .362 Allison, Minn 14 56 7 20 .357 Causey, KC 13 45 4 16 .356 Wagner, Clev 13 46 13 16 .348 Coniglro. Bos 14 57 11 19 .333 Kaline. Det 15 49 11 16 .327 Rchrdsn, NY 16 62 8 20 .323 Green, Bos 13 53 13 17 .321 Home Runs National League — Covington, Phils 6; Mays, Giants 6; Mathews, Braves; Swoboda, Mets; Allen, PhUs; McCovey, Giants all 5. American League — Blefary, Orioles 5; Thomas, Red Sox 5; Orsino, Orioles; Conigliaro, Red Sox; (iolavito, Indians; Gentile, A's; Schaal, Angels; Hall, Twins; Mantle, Yanks all 4. Runs Batted In National League — Banks, Cubs 22; Kranepool, Mets 15; Robinson, Reds; Coleman, Reds; AUen, Phils all 14. American League — Powell, Orioles 15; Mantilla, Red Sox 14; Thomas, Red Sox 14; Colavito, Indians 14; Oliva, Twins 13. Pitching National League —EUis, Reds 4-0; Giusti, Astros 4-0; Gibson, Cards 4-0; Maloney, Reds 3-0; Short, Phils 4-1. American League — Aguirre, Tigers 3-0; Roberts, Orioles 3-0; Terry, Indians 3-1; LoUch, Tigers 3-1.
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