Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa on July 27, 1948 · Page 1
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Globe-Gazette from Mason City, Iowa · Page 1

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Mason City, Iowa
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Tuesday, July 27, 1948
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Page 1
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NORTH IOWA'S DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION 'THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS VOL. UV Associated Press and United Press full Lease/Wires (Five Cents a Copy) MASON CITY, IOWA, TUESDAY, JULY 27, 1948 This Paper Consists of Two Sections—Section One No. Z49 AP Wirephoto PRESIDENT SPEAKS —President Truman presents his program before the special session of congress Monday. Seated in front of the flag, at left, are Senate President Pro Tern Arthur. H. Vandenberg (left) and House Speaker Joseph W. Martin. The audience included cabinet members, members of the diplomatic corps and of both houses of con- Police Force in Berlin to Face Split Soviets Challenge Power of Socialist City Government Berlin, (&) —Two police forces as well as 2 police chiefs appeared in prospect Tuesday for blockaded Berlin. Communists directly challenged the authority of the socialist-controlled city government. Paul Markgraf communist-trained police president, told the elected municipal government it could not suspend him because he had the support of the soviet army. The city government ordered him removed Monday. Markgraf said he would refuse to yield his office in central police headquarters to Socialist Johannes Stumm, his former deputy whom the city government has appointed as his succeasor. Powers Meet Central police headquarters is in the soviet sector. Thus the prospect arose that the 3 western powers might decide to establish a central police headquarters in their occupation sectors where preside. The 3 Demands Check on Rise in Living Costs gress. French Vote for Cabinet Marie Has Confidence , of National Assembly Paris, (ff) — The national assembly Tuesday voted, 330 to 191, its willingness to let the new cabinet of Premier Andre Marie begin working on France's grave problems at once. No formal vote of confidence was demanded by the moderate conservative premier, but the deputies realized they were voting ,for or against the government. Marie asked the deputies to postpone debate on the government's general policy so 4t could get to work on "the grave problems France must solve." The communists, like the de Gaullists not represented in the new gov- irnment, had demanded the debate. De Gaullists abstained. Marie will meet a sterner test next week when he is expected to request decree powers for nonpolitical economic matters. Marie's new cabinet, presented to Socialist President Vincent Auriol Tuesday, contains no communists and no extreme right followers of Gen. Charles De Gaulle. It is made up of party members who favor the 'causes of the western allies. To Tell Russia Blockade Violation of UN Charter Stumm western would allied commanders of Road Worker Dies When Run Over 4>y Trail Dump Urbana, (./P)—Lee Markwell of North English, a xoad worker, was killed instantly Monday morning when he was run over by a trail dump being used to grade highway 101 a short distance west of Urbana, " Markwell and Ray Vergason of Urbana, operating a road main- 'tainer, had just pulled the trail dump, operated by Jerry Hendryx of Center Point, from the mud. Markwell detached the tow cable from the trail dump, secured it to the maintainer and then stepped backward into the path of the trail dump, according to a Benton county deputy sheriff. Woman Dies After 'Falling From Car DubuQue, (IP) — Mrs. George Hunt, 35 Sageville, who tumbled to the pavement of highway 52 from an automobile Saturday night, died in a hospital here Tuesday. Her husband, who was driving was not held, sheriff Leo Martin •vsaid. The seriff said it was believed she fell or jumped. The coroner has not reported on the case. . Driver Killed When *. Coal Truck Overturns Ottumwa, (U.R) — Merle Moody, 42, Oskaloosa, died here Tuesday of injuries received Monday when his truck, loaded with 8 tons of coal, overturned on the highway near here. Moody said he had swerved to ' avoid hitting a calf and the truck went out of control. London, (U.R) — Authoritative sources said Tuesday night that the western powers were expected to tell the soviet government this week that the blockade of Berlin violates the United Nations charter. Subject to government approval, the westerners will make their next approach to the Russians through a verbal message delivered to Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov. • Conference Ends Such was a decision reached at a conference of American, British and French representatives which wound up here Tuesday. The western powers were understood to have agreed that eventually they might have to come around to a 4-power conference or take their case to the United Nations. Postpone Move But at this stage the west has agreed^ to postpone any move toward the immediate renewal of council of foreign ministers contact or toward an appeal to the United Nations. The west considers the Berlin blockade a specific violation of that part of article 2 which obligates members to settle their disputes "by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security and justice are not endangered." Say American Air Strength Trails Soviet Wiesbaden, (U.R)—American air force officers said Tuesday that the United States is hopelessly outnumbered in 1 the air by the Russians in Germany despite recent reinforcements. American strength is at an all time low even with the 16 jet fighters which recently flew the Atlantic ferry route, these officers said. They estimated American fighters at 75. In addition there are about 30 Superfortresses in Germany. The Russians are believed to have about 700 first class fighters and a fleet of between 200 and 300 heavy bombers. Not only is America lacking in air strength, the officers said, but there are not enough trained personnel to service planes already here. Berlin met and were believed discussing the police crisis. Keep Silent The Russians maintained silence for the moment on the American and British retaliation of Monday in stopping train traffic into and from the soviet zone of Germany. A Dutch government spokesman, however, expressed regret in The Hague. The western air lift, flying food and supplies into Berlin to beat the Russian land block, continued apace. The Americans rounded out their 1st month of the flying foreign service Monday with 288 flights, carrying 1,629 tons of food. Union Ousts Communists NMU Places Right Wingers in Office New York, (U.R)—For the 1st time in 12 years, the National Maritime Union (CIO) was entirely free of communist control Tuesday. National election results showed that the NMU's 60,000 members had voted right wingers into all 32 posts of the national council, and had returned President Joseph Cm-ran, to office by a 3 to 1 margin. Curran said the vote indicated that the NMU wanted their union to "function as a trade union and not as an organization 'stooging' for a political party." He indicated he would press a drive to purge communists from the union; the NMU official newspaper, The Pilot; the educational department and even the office staff. Duncan Wall Now Information Head for UN Division Washington, (/P)—Duncan Wall is the new director of information of the food and agriculture organization of the United Nation. Wall, information officer in the department of agriculture, is a native of Kansas and worked on newspapers in that state, Iowa and Oklahoma. Iowa Falls Film Star in Divorce L,os Angeles, (/?)—Madge Meredith, film actress from Iowa Falls, who is serving a prison term for the kidnap-beating of her former manager, Nick Gianaclis, has been named in a divorce suit filed by Mrs. Vera Gianaclis. Mrs. Gianaclis testified Miss Meredith had told her "my husband has been wonderful to her and she couldn't stay away from him." Miss Meredith was sentenced to a women's prison here last January after she was convicted on charges she hired 3 men to abduct Gianaclis and beat him. The state charged the affair was engineered by the actress in revenge over a financial dispute with Gianaclis. 25 Year Olds to Be Taken 1st in Draft 5,000 men to Be Processed in 1st 6 Months of Program > Washington, (£>)—S elective Service Director Lewis B. Hershey announced Tuesday that 25 year old men will be drafted first. Other age groups will be taken in order of their registration, he said. He told newsmen that approximately 5,000 men will be processed in the first 6 months of the program, beginning with the 25-year olds and working down through those in the 22 year age brackets. Out of the 5,000,000 men to be. processed in age groups 22-25 inclusive, Hershey estimated that only about 70,000 would be actually subject to peacetime service of 21 months. He called attention to the fact that deferments for various reasons would cut down the number of men available. No Figures The draft director said he has not yet received word from the army as to when or how many men they will require. He told a news conference last week that the first call probably will not be issued before October 1. Hershey said that if the army should ask for 30,000 men on the first call, selective service probably would have to dip down, into 23 year olds to get that many. He said he doubts that more than 8,000 25-year-olds are available for service. Starts Aug. 30 Registration of the 25-year-olds GOP Leaders Call Truman Speech "Purely Political" Washington, (/P) — Republican congressional leaders jumped on President Truman's message Tuesday as purely political. They promised a statement by nightfall on party policy toward the president's recommendations. There was talk of adjournment within 2 weeks of the special session Mr. Truman called on housing and cost of living legislation. Representative Allen (R-I11.) chairman of the rules committee, openly favored that course. Full of Inaccuracies Senator Taft (R-Ohio) said: "The president's message is full of inaccuracies and omissions on the subjects of high prices and housing. It would take 6 months to consider this whole program. This only emphasizes the fact that the session is called solely for political purposes." Senator Barkley (D-Ky.), Mr. Truman's running mate: "I think it is attainable if congress will take it and go to work on it. The need is certainly here and 1 thought it was admirably presented." Certainly Right Senator Sparkman (D-Ala.) "The president was certainly righ in putting inflation as the No. problem. I think we are headed for a bust unless we do something to control it." Senator George (D-Ga.): "It's just a restatement. It's not work for a short session. It's work for a year iC done thoroughly." Senator Wherry (R-Nebr.) said he message was "purely politi- al." Recruiting Sergeant Gets Man in Service, Then Rents His House Erie, Pa., (/P)—Master Sgt. Vincent Petroski, father of 3 children, needed a house. The sergeant, who is recruiting for the army, started to "sell" Sari Easton, 23, on the army. Easton mentioned he had a 5-room nouse. Petroski really poured on the steam. Now Easton is in the army. And Petroski has his house. Truman Asks Control on Price Ceiling President Also Calls for Excess Profits Tax, Rationing Power starts August 30. Succeeding age groups will register in September ending with the 18-year-olds on September 18. Hershey stressed that all men in the 18-25 age brackets must register, unless they are on active duty in the armed services. Veterans and members of the national guard and other reserve units are required to register, he said. He added that selective service has not yet written regulations to govern deferments. Postal Clerk Caught in Embezzlement for Horse Race Betting Los Angeles, (U.R)—Postal Clerk Andrew O. Benson, 40, was held Tuesday after admitting he lost $40,000 in federal funds on the horses at Hollywood park during the past 3 months. Benson, chief clerk at the Inglewood, Cat., postoffice, said he juggled accounts to embezzle the money. He was arrested Monday. "I got in so far I couldn't get out," he said. A veteran of 20 years with the postoffice department, Benson was held under $2,500 bail pending grand jury action. Packinghouse Workers Plan Wage Parley Ottumwa, (U.R)—CIO United Packinghouse Workers at the John Morrell and company packing plant here will meet Tuesday night to discuss a proposed new wage agreement, and union stewards will plan possible strike strategy. Company-union negotiations on the agreement were broken off last Friday after the company reportedly declined to negotiate a contract covering both its plants here and in Topeka, Kans. The present agreement expires Aug. 11. The company was tied up for 75 days in the nationwide packinghouse workers strike last spring. The company said continuation of the present contract would "seriously cripple our operations." It charged loafing and excess time spent in restrooms. Congressman Keeps Getting Dollar Bills Washington, (U.R) — Rep. John McDowell (R.-Pa.) would like to know what mailing list he is on that produces all those dollar bills So far, he said Tuesday, he has received a "couple of dozen" envelopes, each inclosing a dollar No message or signature is included. The dollars arrive in the mai sporadically, McDowell said. They are postmarked from various cities in Pennsylvania. "I don't know what -to do witl the money, so I just turn it ovei to the first person I meet whc needs it," McDowell reported. President Tosses Racial Issue Back Into Lap of Congress STILL HAS CAR Milwaukee, (U.R) — A man whc called in police to investigate triple theft had one consolatioi Tuesday: He still had his auto mobile. But missing were his wife, roomer, and $3,500. Work Renewed at Lens Firm Police Allow Entry Through Picket Line Dayton, Ohio, (/P)—Police forced a wedge through .a picket line at the strike-bound "Univis Lens Co.- plant Tuesday to permit employes to return to work. In scuffles which followed one non-striker was knocked down by a picket. He was treated at the ompany clinic. The dress of a voman non-striker was ripped. Seven pickets were arrested, in- luding one who had been taken nto custody in disorders Monday. Stench bombs again scented the atmosphere. In previous disorders at the plant police had reported a chemical smelling like skunk oil had been'sprayed about the picket Washington. (IP) — President Truman Tuesday demanded limited price control and an excess profits tax to help check the rising cost of living and avert "another great depression." The President coupled a reiterated plea for power to hold wages in line with his price control recommendation. And he personally confronted the politically hostile 80th congress with 6 other proposed brakes on spending—among them a return to credit restrictions and standby rationing authority. Even before he spoke, GOP leaders made clear that Mr. Truman could pin no real hope for action on more than one or 2 mi- V\illikin Sees \!o Chance for Action on Tax Washington, (/P)—Senator Million (R.-Colo.) ruled out Tuesday any chance for action on President Truman's request for an excess profits tax. Mr. Truman listed this at the top of his 8-point anti-inflation program, but Millikin, chairman of the tax-writing senate finance lommittee, told a reporter: "In my judgment there is not a chance for an excess profits tax Such a tax would shut off an essential source of capital necessao for production. Therefore an excess profits tax would lessen production and increase shortage 1 and prices." Millikin said there also is nc chance this year for action upon social security revision urged by the president. Emerson, Univis vice me. Stanley president, estimated that by midmorning about 300 hourly rated employes had returned to work. The plant normally employs about 650 workers. BULLETIN Princeton, Ind., (U.R)—An explosion ripped through Indiana's biggest coal shaft mine near here Tuesday and it was reported there were 18 to 25 men trapped in the shaft. nor points in his message. Hits Living Costs The chief executive hit hardest at the rising cost of living. But he led off by saying that another crying need is for more and cheaper housing. So he called again for passage of the Taft-Ellender-Wagner bill to meet the "acute 11 housing shortage. In addition to selective price- wage controls and a return to the wartime excess profits tax at a rate he did not disclose, the president asked congress to: 1. Restore consumer credit controls—such as those which specified down payments and the time in which installment purchases had to be paid off. 2. Arm the federal reserve board with more power to regulate "inflationary bank credit." 3. Grant him power to regulate speculation on the commodity exchanges. 4. Grant him power to impose allocation and inventory control over "scarce commodities which basically affect essential production or the cost of living," the same term he used for his price control proposal. 5. Strengthen controls over rent with adequate appropriations for enforcement to prevent "further unwarranted rent increases." 6. Give him standby po%ver to ration "those few products in short supply which vitally affect the health and welfare." He said further hearing on a disorderly that unless further shortages occur, this authority "might not lave to be used at all." Wage Limits The president asked authority to limit wage increases only where they would "force a break in a price ceiling." Even in this Irate Hubby Hits W/'/e Wit h Door New York, (/P)—Mrs. Anna Collins can honestly say that she got a black eye in a collision with a door. But, she told a Brooklyn magistrate in court Monday night, the door collided with her—not she with the door. She told the court her husband, Patrick, tore it off its hinges and hit her with it. Magistrate Matthew Fagan ordered Patrick held in $500 bail for conduct charge. Californian Finds New Minor Planet Mt. Hamilton, Cal., (/P)— A new minor planet, traveling uriusually close to the earth, has been re- pen-Led by a University of Cali- forna astronomer. C. A. Wirtancn, who made the discovery, said Tuesday that it is the 6lh minor planet found within the orbit of the earth. \Virtanen, who is senior observatory assistant, came across the planet while studying a photograph of a new comet discovered by him July 17. •AME DATE—1947—270 ek (lac mean* truffl* 4«ath IB Z* ho«ri> Washington, (#•)—President Truman tossed his full civil rights program back to congress Tuesday without singling out the racial measures against which southern democrats have pledged a "no surrender" fight. The president noted in his message Tuesday that congressional committees have considered legislation to carry out some of his proposals but that only one has been approved. That lone measure was for settling the wartime evacuation claims of Japanese- Americans. Of the others he said: "I believe that it is necessary to enact the laws I have recommended in order to make the guarantees of the constitution real and vital." These are the others: "1. Establishing a permanent commission on civil rights, a jofnt congressional committee on civil rights and a civil rights division in Chad Lake, a large, shallow body of water in North Africa, covers' an area of about 6,000 square miles, but never reaches a depth of more than five feet. the department of justice. "2. Strengthening existing civil rights statutes. "3. Providing federal protection against lynching. "4. Insuring that the right to vote in elections for federal offices shall not be contingent upon the payment of taxes. "5. Establishing a fair employment practice commission to prevent unfair discrimination in employment. "6. Prohibiting Discrimination in interstate transportation facilities. "7. Providing home rule and suffrage in presidential elections for the residents of the District of Columbia. * "8. Providing statehood for Hawaii and Alaska and a greater measure of self government for our island possessions. "9. Equalizing the opportunities for residents in the United States to become naturalized citizens." Weather 'Report FORECAST Mason City: Fair Tuesday night and Wednesday. Not much change in temperature. Low Tuesday night 55 to GO. High Wednesday 82 to 86. Iowa: Fair and slightly cooler Tuesday night. Wednesday fair and warmer. Low Tuesday night 52 northwest, 62 southeast. Minnesota: Generally fair Tuesday night and Wednesday. Somewhat wanner Wednesday. IN MASON CITY Globe-Gazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 o'clock Tuesday morning: Maximum 88 Minimum 56 At 8 a. m. Tuesday *70 YEAR AGO: Maximum 92 Minimum 66 SherifJ's Office Photo TOUGH TO CRACK—This auto driven by Bob Shepard, 14, 719 Delaware N. E., was badly damaged when it hit the concrete abutment l ] /2 miles northeast of Mason City near Plymouth road Monday evening. Shepard suffered a broken arm and Chester Carroll, 24, 2535 N. Federal, owner of the car, received a bad cut on the forehead. Shepard lost control of the car, authorities said. instance an exception would be made if the increases were "essential to remedy hardship, to correct inequities or to prevent an actual lowering of living standards." As he had said he would, the chief executive also asked the special session for: 1. A new displaced persons bill to provide for the admission of some 400,000 of Europe's war refugees into this country during the next 4 years, instead of 202,000 in 2 years as provided in a bill passed at the last session. He asked that congress wipe out "discriminations" in the current law. He has said it would operate unfairly against Jewish and Catholic displaced persons. 2. A federal aid-to education bill to provide $300,000,000 annually to states for education. 3. Approval of a $65,000,000 oan for the construction of a permanent united nations headquarters in New York, City. 4. Senate ratification of the international wheat agreement. He said this would "guarantee American farmers an annual export market of 185,000,000 bushels of wheat at a fair price (a maximum of $2 a bushel) during the next 5 years. 5. Restoration of $56,000,000 trimmed from proposed appropriations at the last session for power and reclamation projects, including a Tennessee Valley Authority steam generating plant at New Johnsonville, Tenn. 6. A "more equitable and realistic" pay bill for federal em- ployes. 7. A bill raising the present 40-cent minimum wage to "at least 75 cents an hour." 8. Legislation increasing "by at least 50 percent" the benefits under the, old-age retirement provisions of the social security law. He said the age at which women can receive benefits should be lowered from 65 to 60 years, and he again asked extension of coverage to groups not now included.

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