Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California on May 3, 1965 · Page 11
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Redlands Daily Facts from Redlands, California · Page 11

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Redlands, California
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Monday, May 3, 1965
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Page 11
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All of nation's scAoo/s to be integrated by '67 EDITORS NOTE: The U.S. .Office of Education has issued new guidelines aimed af complete desegregation of the nation's schools by the fall of mj. In this dispatch, UPl correspondent Robert Kaylor explains how these guidelines would affect the nation's thousands of school districts. By ROBERT KAYLOR United Press International WASHINGTON (UPI) — The federal government 's new guidelines for school desegregation could be the biggest single push toward abolishing racially separated school systems since the landmark 1954 Supreme Court decision. Issued Thursday by U.S. Education Commissioner Francis Keppel, the guidelines will use as a lever to achieve desegregation one of the basic facts of U.S. educational life—that near ly every public school in the country depends on federal funds to survive. The burden will be upon local school districts to show they are living up to the conditions set down in the guidelines in order to remain eligible for federal! funds, including the new grants' made available by President Johnson's $1.3 billion education program. The conditions sot forth by Keppel are aimed at getting compliance with the Civil Rights .^cl passed by Congress last year. The act states in its Title VT that "no person. . .shall on the ground of race, color, or national origin, be eNcluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected lo discrimination under any program or activity receiving federal assistance." Here is the how, when, where and why of how the guidelines will operate: Q — What are the basic requirements of the new guidelines? A - By this faU, all public school districts must desegregate at least four grades to show their "substantial good daifh." These grades must include the first grade of elementary school, the first and last high school grades and the lowest grade of junior high school. In addition, the guidelines set the fall of 1967 as the target date for complete desegregation in order to remain eligible for federal funds. Q — Who will be most directly affected? A — The requirements of the Civil Rights Act apply to all the school districts in the United Stales. The main burden of compliance will fall on segregated southern school districts, however, while the new rules will mean little more than paperwork for many northern dis- Iricts. The Oltice of Education has ?cnt the guidelines to school: districts whose plans for desegregation have been rejected as unacceptable. Of the 27,000 school districts in the nation, ahout 19,000 have been given at least a temporary clean hill of health. Kcppel's office still is processing another 3A0Q. Q — Will the giiidelines mean an end to all racial imbalance in schools? A — Not necessarily. Education officials say they are set up to bring about desegregation, but not integration. They aic not intended to cover so- called de facto segregation or such systems as the segregated private schools that have replaced pubhc schools in some sections of Virginia. Q — E.xactly what types of discrimination are the guide lines aimed at, then? A — The Office of Education says that segregation exists if, race or color is a factor in stu-j ricnt assignment; if teachers remain racially segregated: or if any activities or services — including school bus transportu- ;jon — remain segregated or di.scriniinalory. School districts will have to show that they arc taking steps lo correct these conditions lo meet the "substantial goodi faith" requirement. Faculty dc-| segregation must begin by this; [all to meet the guidelines. ; Q — How can a school dis-, irict show it is living up to lhe| guidelines? j A — There are three methods j provided for showing compli ance. The Education Office will accept a simple "assurance of compliance" from dschool districts which are already completely desegregated. Other districts can either submit a "final" court order requiring complete desegregation or submit a plan e:\plaining how they intend to achieve complete desegregation by 1967. In the last two cases, the school districts are required to supply a complete rundown on the racial situation in their area and show what they are doing :o achieve desegregation. Who's top moo in herd BERKELEY, Calif. (UPD—If you think a cow's world is democratic, forget it — it's strictly j a whose moo ranking, a Univer- jsity of California professor says. Professor of Animal Husbandry Kenneth A. Wagnon has re- i ported that studies of cows in jthe university's 'breeding herd ishow tliat certain regal old bossies have the pick of feeding time. The less aggressive cows prefer to wait for theu: turns to eat — even when there are stalls available next to tbe social leaders, Wagnon said. "Age, weight, aggressiveness, agility and timidity are impor- Notification for merger required WASHINGTON (UPI) - Rep. Emanuel Celler, D-N.Y., is planning to introduce new antitrust legislation which would require companies planning mergers to notify tlie govern-, ment in advance. Celler, chairman of the House Judiciary Committee, said in a statement Sunday that his bill would require companies proposing to merge to notify the Justice Department and the Federal Trade Commission 60 days in advance of the action. itant factors that influence a cow's social rank in the herd," he said. Young Democrats ask end of Viet Nam bombings LOS ANGELES (UPI) — The California Federation of Young Democrats ended its annual convention Sunday and called for tlie United States to step bombing raids on North Viet Nam and to seek a 90 day truce supervised by the United Nations. The CFYD also questioned the use of more than 14,000 American troops to protect 1,000 American nationals in Dominican Republic and said the action "casts grave doubts as to the real motive of U.S. Intervention." The resolution on Viet Nam however, applauded President Johnson's call for "unconditional negotiations" and his plans for economic aid to the area. On the conflict in the Dominican Republic, delegates voiced support for the regime of ousted President Juan D. Bosch and said he, Bosch, should be returned to power in the embattled country. The policy statement said that "failure to do so at this time will make our entire foreign policy of 'self - determination' a Redlands Daily Facts Monday, May 3, 1965- n complete hypocrisy and do im-l measurable harm to future .American international relations." .A last-minute effort to align the group with the newly form-i ed Free Speech Union on the; Berkeley campus of the Univer-| sity ot California failed. ' Beeman was relaced as head! of the group Saturday when Los! Angeles attorney Henry Wax-j man, 25, was elected. He ran without position. Wasman said he is cider- mined to see tliat the "liberal tradition" of CFYD continued during his leadership of the group. Other officers elected at the three-day convention attended by 350 delegates included vice residents James Stanberry of Pasadena, a student at the University of California: Jlile Bennett, a Van Nuys high school teacher: .lohn JlcGrew. a student at University of California, and Mike Kadin, a student from Santa Ana. Beeman was elected a national committeeman. Jlrs. Marge Cray of Los .^geles W'as re-elected national committeewoman and Los Angeles businessman Kim Flower was eleci- ed treasurer. New flu protection W.ASHINGTON (UPI) - Next winter's vaccine will provide protection against a fifth strain of influenza, accoi-ding to Surgeon General Luther L. Terry.) The new strata tlie vaccine; will protect against is an Asian' variety isolated in Formosa last year, Terry announced during the weekend. It is an A-2 strain, closly related to the one which gave Americans trouble during the past season. PUT YOUR CAR IN EXPERT HANDS. WB guaronteer; you quality, reliable lerv- ice and repair backed by 40 years in ihe automotive business. Your Olds, — Volvo Dealer HARRY & LLOYD. Inc. 200 W. State Ph. 793-2371 Other's solutes Day in any language! Make Mother Even More Beautiful with a Ladies' Compact HAIR DRYER I Mitera! V Moeder! 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