Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan on June 16, 1965 · Page 4
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Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan · Page 4

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Ironwood, Michigan
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Wednesday, June 16, 1965
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POUR 1RONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN TUESDAY, JUNE 15,1965. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE The Doily Glob* li on Independent newspaper, supporting what It believes to be right and opposing what it believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartially." -linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publish*. 1927-1964. Mr*, linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher Washing Dirty Water Clean "Pennsylvania, having more miles of \viter polluted by mine drainage than any other state In the nation, has an intolerable situation which seriously jeopardizes the economic future of the Commonwealth . . . The Clean Streams I aw as presently written has failed to prevent an increase in the miles of polluted water in Pennsylvania." The passage above is quoted from a bill in the Pennsylvania legislature which would eliminate from the state's Clean Streams Law an exemption which permits the dumping ol mine Held into already polluted streams. The measure, now awaiting Senate action, cleared the lower house in early May by a vote of 195 to 6. Pennsylvania's Sanitary Water Board was established in 1922, but it was 15 years before a clean streams program was enacted. Even then, coal mining operations were exempted. Amendments in 1945 covered mine acid drainage, but not for already polluted waterways. Pennsylvania streams every day are being further polluted by 2,750 tons of mine acid. The Harrisburg Patriot comments: "One more law don't make the streams as pure as they were when the pioneers first settled Pennsylvania, but drastic steps now must be taken to restore the streams and make sure there is no more polluting." At a meeting of the chief executives of Michigan, New York and Ohio on May-- 10, Gov, James A. Rhodes of Ohio called Great Lalce_s pollution "the No, 1 problem on the North American continent." Gov. George Romney of Michigan warned: "If local and state governments don't move, then the federal govrenment will step in." But Gov. Nelson A, Rockefeller called the present federal grant-in-aid program inadequate and "not responsive to the needs of large cities and urban areas—despite the fact that water pollution is basically an urban problem." Gov. Rockefeller sent the New York legislature on June 5 a vast conservation scheme to cover the full 350-mile length of the Hudson River. He said he was asking action no\V because of "continuing threats ... on the part of the federal government to move into the state and take over, as their own, important elements of this remarkable area, in the mistaken belief that we do not desire or know how to protect and preserve it." Responsibility for water conservation and anti-pollution action is still being batted between the state capitals and Washington. In vetoing a Democratic bill on Feb. 23, I960, President Eisenhower asserted: "Pollution and its correction are so closely involved with local industrial processes and with public water supply and sewage treatment that the problem can be successfully met only if state and local governments and industry assume the major responsibility for cleaning up the nation's rivers and streams." A bill expanding federal assistance for control of water pollution is now being held up in Senate-House conference because of a dispute over state or federal determination of, water quality standards. Until some resolution of the state-federal responsibility conflict is reached, progress will continue to be-plodding at best. America's Ancient Mariners Americans demand the world's biggesl and most powerful Navy, but seem willing to settle for a fifth-rate merchant marine. Fifth rate is a literal truth. IJoyd's Registry of Shipping lists the following order on ocean-going merchantmen: Great Britain, 21.4 million gross tons; Liberia, 14.5 million (much of it American owned); Norway M.4 million, Japan, 10.S million; United States 9.8 million;'Soviet bloc. 8.8 million. U.S. ports this year will handle about 315 million tons of exports and imports. But only 9.1 per cent of this trade will be carried oil U.S. flag vessels. If the decline is allowed lo continue, it is expected that 20 vears from now, when U.S. trade will total about 685 million tons, only 3 per cent of it will bo carried in American bottoms. Our merchant fleet is an object lesson in the perils of pricing a product out of tlir world market. To construct a ship in a U.S. shipyard costs twice as much as it does in a foreign yard. Operating costs of U.S. merchant vessels also are higher than those of foreign ships. mainly bccan.se of higher wanes and more fringe benefits. Such harsh,economics have .taken their loll since the end of World War II. .In 1949 there were 3,421 ships in the U,S. merchant fleet: in 1964 only 2,529 merchant .ships sailkl under the U.S. flag, a decrease of 26.1 per'cent. The decline has continued apnce despite a variety of subsidy programs dating back to 1936. The governjnent now pays out $100 million a yeaon construction subsidies; it finances 55 per cent.'nf original construction costs and 60 per cent of reconstruction and reconditioning expenses? Cavgo preference subsidies total about $80 million annually. A> third tvpc of subsidy—the operating differential — eats up $200 million'every, year to help'meet wages and operating costs on cargo'Vessels and passenger' ships. Uncle Sam pays 72c of every dollar of a subsidized seaman's wage. Despite the $380 million annual largesse, the United States can barely manaqe to maintain the present numbers of subsidized carriers afloat. Meanwhile the merchant fleets of other mariiiime nations are expanding. Maritime Administrator Nicholas Johnson puts part of the blame on a requirement in the Merchant Marine Act that U.S.-subsidized ship lines must operate U.S.-built vessels. Johnson seems to want a new policy which would assure that a shipbuilding capacity essential to the national interest is maintained but at the same time permit U.S. shipowners to purchase ships wherever they wish. He says the cargo preference subsidy program is a "miserable failure" because not a single new tramp (non-scheduled) cargo ship has been built in American yards since 1956. Meanwhile the cost of keeping the old tramp ships afloat climbs higher and higher. The maritime administrator asserts that the present system gives ship operators little incentive to reduce subsidizable costs, for then "the government will simply pa}' them less in subsidy." If continued on the present basis, the subsidies are conservatively estimated to total between $600 million and $700 million annually by 1968. Long for the good old days? Try reading this under kerosene lamp. The UN's Twentieth Anniversary r..W By chamberlain June 26 is the twentieth anniversary of the founding of the United Nations. The anniversary day comes at a time when the UN has never been more powerless to affect the behavior of nations. The UN General Assembly met this year without ever daring to put anything to a vote, lest Soviet Russia, which has refused to pay its share of the bill for past "peace-keeping" operations, should be forced by the regulations either to pay up or be deprived of participation in assembly decisions. What this means is that the UN has no way of forcing its members to obey its own internal rules. How, then, can it make its writ effective in the world at large? The answer is that UN peace-keeping has always been at the mercy of chance. The one important UN action, which was taken in Korea in 1950 after a Communist army had invaded South Korea from the north; came at a time when the Soviet Union had absented itself from the security council and so failed to use its veto. The UN has had a couple of successes in preventing conflagrations in the Middle East, and it achieved a most dubious victory in the Congo by driving Moise Tschom- be out of his home province of Katanga. But this just about completes the record of the UN's peace—keeping accomplishments. Meanwhile, terrible tilings have happened while the representatives of 100-odd nations talked and talked and talked in the glass house hard by the waters of Manhattan's East River. Khrushchev's tanks rumbled into Hungary in 1956 .and the UN did nothing. When Nehru, supposedly one of the UN's true believers, cent Indian troops into Portuguese Goa, there wasn't a peep out of the glass house. The Soviets moved their missiles into Cuba, and it took the eye-ball-to-eyeball action of President Kennedy to do anything about that. It was Suggested at the time that the UN provide in- i spection inside Cuba to see that the missile sites had really been dismantled, but we are still waiting for that to happen. And now. as the tempo of warfare rises in Viet Nam, and the OAS'takes the play away from the UN in the Dominican Republic, the UN's U Thant wrings his hands and bemoans his luck of power to do anything. When the speechmakers converge on San Francisco a few days from now to celebrate the UN's twentieth anniversary, they will no doubt pay pious tribute to the world organization as "the last best hope." And, in so doing, they will be helping to perpetuate an illusion that has ruined the teaching of political science in the United States. For a generation now American students in high school and college have been led to believe that the peace of the world can be kept by machinery, or by gimmicks, not by the will of statesmen to deploy power to the ends of making war unprofitable'. Our people have had their eyes diverted from realities, and, like all dreamwalkers, they have not been able to act responsibly when confronted with crises. This does not mean that the UN is useless. The business of making your diplomacy .stick, and of balancing the power, is a matter of convincing others, and the UN offers a forum that can be'just as useful as the old meetings of plenipotentiaries-. But the point is thar the UN is merely a place for a meeting of' the powers, not a power in itself. The great disservice that all the professional "friends of the UN" have done is to confuse the categories, The- schoolchildren whom they herd through the .gates of the UN to tell them about "world government" grow up with mush in place of brains. ; A lot of things will be said at San Francisco on June 26. But will anyone have the courage lu come up with one honest speech i 1 Safari Today in World Affairs By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON — What do Europeans think of Ameri can Foreign policy today? Published criticisms Indicate that many of the opinions expressed to visitors abroad reveal a lack of information and understanding of America's purposes. There is always a tendency in other countries to regard the United States government as an inexperienced, if not immature, entity which would be much better off if it accepted the tutorship of its European allies. But much of the misunderstanding is due to faulty communication. Several of the influential European newspapers give more space to the critics of American policy than to its defenders. They have not emphasized to their readers as yet that the American people are almost solidly behind President Johnson in his policy in Vietnam and in the Dominican Republic, despite the flaw-picking and captious comments from groups here that are inclined to pacifism or blind to the ravages of Communism. Similar elements helped by their tactics to bring or World War II, and indeed there were many Americans as well a s Europeans who were fooled by the appeasement of Hitler a t Munich. ft it it But today the problem of communication is no bettei. The foreign offices of Europe know the purpose and details of the policies of the United States in the world, but their peoples do not. Unfortunately, this subject of communication has not been given enough attention. The U. S. Information Agency is run by diplomatic minds here which insistnipon cautious phrasing and an indifference to the anti- Americanism being expressed overseas. Instead of using the "Voice of America" to answer forthrightly criticisms leveled against^ the United States government, the USIA feels that it must operate a kind of news service which includes a full report of all criticisms—as if the European press is not able to get this directly from its own correspondents in America. It's just a waste of time and money lor a governmental agency to try to become a news service when its real job is to /answer the propaganda attacks being made against the American government. There is need also for the Washington government to take note of European criticisms and to answer them directly in the newspapers and on radio and TV in this country. For the outlines of American policy are clear to those who really study the facts. Protagonists- with an axe to grind can, of course, twist any American policy and present an image of a government that is either "trigger happy" or irresponsible. But the truth is the United States today is doing more to. prevent a nuclear war than has been done by any of the countries participating in the 20 years of postwar debate. The United States government realizes that the quarrels within Vietnam are not in themselves rnportant and that an ordinary civil war would be of no concern to the American people But what the critics in Europe are refusing to recognize is that he Communists have been stirring up the trouble in Vietnam, as well as in the Dominican Republic and other countries, and that, .if the United States stands Idly by, there certainly; will be a major war which could result only in the use of nuclear weapons. Preventive measures are more Important now than they" have ever been in the history of the world. The American people are strongly behind President Johnson in his policies in both Vietnam and the Dominican Republic, despite the sniping comments and mischievous efforts to make it appear that these policies have been undertaken without due deliberation here or consideration of the consequences. The United States has extended the hand of peace only to be scorned. It has made extensive sacrifices in South Vietnam. It has not tried to gain any territory or interfere with the independence of any country. As for the Dominican Republic, the critics seem ready to argue that the operations of the Organization of American States are not as important as the services of the United Nations, but they forget that the U.N. has failed to do a peace-keeping job in Southeast Asia because of the strong Communist influence within that international organization itself. The sad truth is that the United States stands alone in coming to the aid of small nations because the U.N. has not done its duty. To criticize the United States for extending a helping hand to countries in distress reveals an indifference to reality because, if America did not make the sacrifices it s making today, all of Southeast Asia as well as all of North Africa -and the Middle East would soon be in the hands of the Communist bloc. (Copyright, 1065, New York Herald. Tribune Inc.) Record of the Past 10 YEARS AGO — Temperatures: High 82, low 55 .... Dr. Donald L. Davidson of Bessemer, is secretary of the U p per Peninsula Medical Society, which is holding its annual convention Friday and Saturday with the Gogebic County Medical Society as host . . . .Mrs. Andrew Wroblewski and Mrs. Beano Pesavento were initiated to membership in the Auxiliary of the County, Seat Post, Veterans of Foreign Wars. Mrs. M. A. DeStasio, president, officiated in the impressive ceremony. All boys and girls attending Wakefield Public Schools are invited to enroll for a summer swimming program at Eddy Park Beach under the direction of Roman C. Yatchak. 20 YEARS AGO — Temperatures: High 60, low 48 ... .The Ironwopd Daily Globe Published •yenlngi, except Sunday* by G)ob* Publishing Company, 118 fc, McLeod Av*., Ironwood, Mtehlfin. Established Nov. 20. 1919, (Ironwood News-Record acquired Apr!) 16 1921; (ronwood Ttrow acquired May 83, 1846.) Second class postage paid it Ironwood. Michigan. UEMBEB OP THE ASSOCIATED VRKBI The Aiieeutwl p r «» It mtltl*4 exclusively to the uie lor republeation of elJ the local new* printed In thU newipaper, M w*U ee eU A» newe die- patches. * Amertiwi Newepapei Publisher! Association, Interamerlcan Press Aisociatlon, inland Dally Free* ftrVu? 1 '" 011 ' •"'••« °' Adverttalng. Michigan Press Association. Audit Bureau el Circulation!, Subscription rates: By mall within • radius gf 60 m|l«»— per year, $l»: ilx months, IS I three months, 13 1 one month, Sl.SU. No mall subscriptions told to towns and locations where carrier service it maintained. Elsewhere— per year, $18; one month. SI .50. All mail subscriptions payable In advance, By carrier, S20.SO per year In advance) by the week. 40 cente. Rev. Carl Ruotsalainen of Ishpeming will hold Methodist services in the Finnish language next Tuesday and Wednesday evenings, June 19 and 20 at the Finnish Tempera nee hall at Wakefield . . . .The Harmony Hangout, the 'teenage club of Ontonagon, held its grand opening last Saturday evening .... The Suomi Lutheran Synod convention yesterday selected Hancock for its 1946 convention, which will colnc i d e with 50th anniversary ceremonies .at Suomi College at H a n cock. The National Whirligig I1UIMM4 tynrtleattt By ANDREW TULLY WASHINGTON — There 4 r e differences of opinion concerning Lady Bird Johnson's role as a kind of distaff Vice President, but she gets my vote for a simple and unpolitical reason — to wit, she is the kind of First Lady her husband ordered- Mrs. Johnson would wear m e down to a nubbin if I tried co keep up with her, but I am one for lazy days on the beach and frequent pauses to crank the feet up on the desk. Lyndon Johnson, who sleeps only when there is no one left to talk to, happily seems to have found a mate whose motion is almost as perpetual as his own. As he told a recent visitor, "My wife i s pretty, rich — and a hard worker." It was r obvious the President could do without her good looks and wealth, but not her velocity. * a * TALKATIVE, TOO—There is a story, which does not sound apocryphal, that the President greeted Lady Bird on her r e turn from a whistle-stop tour last fall with amiable asperity The First Lady had made 47 speeches in four days, but the President feigned displeasure. "Why didn't you make it a round 50?" he asked. Mrs. J., of course, would have squeezed in those last orations if somebody had doctored the clock, because she is that kind of person. She is a new experience even for a country that knew, and alternately enjoyed and suffered. Eleano r Roosevelt. Next to Lady Bird, some nice First Ladies named Bess Truman, Mamie Eisenhower and Jackie Kennedy are becoming anonymous.^a tt » POLITICAL RIGHT ARM—It is not that Lady Bird necessarily is a better First Lady, but that she is a different type Bess Truman believed a President's wife should stay home and out of the spotlight, and Mamie Eisenhower's health was too delicate for more than ceremonial appearances on the (hustings. There is * suspicion John Kennedy would have liked Jackie to do more politicking, but she frankly found It dull stuff and anyway preferred to baby-sit with young John and Caroline. Lady Bird, on the other hand, could no more ait at home with her tatting then Ben, Wayne Morse could stop talking, She has been Lyndon Johnson')! political right arm ever since he ran for Congress, and in the eld days handled most of his mere important correspondence. Unlike most politicians' wives, she seems to thrive on those teapot tempests with female constituents, and she will make a speech at the drop of the dipthong. * * * NICE WRITE-UPS — Curiously, Lady Bird's activities by and large have brought her a good press. Curiously, because poor Eleanor Roosevelt took a beating from some of the neurotic soreheads and even suffered personal insults from the more mic rocephalic journalists. Lady Bird does better because she eschews Mrs. Roosevelt's aggressiveness and association with the more controversial issues. She is also better looking, which anybody in show biz will affirm Is a big part of the battle. Democratic politicians do not attempt to analyze her, however. Wherever she goes, Lady Bird means votes for her husband and that is the kind of wife the precinct captains—and a husb and named Lyndon Johnson—like in the White House. A Daily Thought "Heaven is my throne, and earth my footstool. What house will you build for me, says the Lord, or what is the place of my rest?" — Acts 7:49. Heaven often seems dis tant and unknown, but if he who made the road thither is our guide, we need not fear to lose the way.— Henry Van Dyke. Here's an Exciting, Easy Contest That Anyone (Over 21) Who Can Add up to 21, May Win LET'S PLAY 21 Over $ 2500 in Merchandise Certificates Will Be Given Away Absolutely FREE Name . . Address V Date Void After June 26, 1965 \ Here's How to Play: 1. In the diagram at left place figures in the unmarked squares to total 21 up, across and diagonally using numbers from 1 to 12. Do not use the same number twice. , 2. Every correct solution entitles the contestant to receive a merchandise certificate worth up to $100.00 towards the purchase of any Norge TV, Radio or Appliance. 3. Contest is open to adults only and one entry per family is permissible. 4. No purchase is necessary. 5. Entries must be brought in or mailed to our store any day before June 26. 6. All winners will be notified by mail. All entries will b« deposited in the dryer and each entrant will also hay* an opportunity to WIN A NORGE Automatic DRYER! Drawing for the dryer will be held at the close of business on Saturday, June 26. Entries must bo brought in or mailed to our store before Juno 26, 1965. No purehqie is neceitaryl Open Fridays Until 8;30 p.m. GENISOT'S TV 4 APPLIANCES 102 E. Aurora Dial 932-0530

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