ErtuMWwd Nfttwnbw t, mi H; E. Rasmusten Editor «..J Publisher Oertldlne RMmossen, Businem Manager Entered at end clMi matter at the post offlw at Anffft, MtotwoU, wder ifct act At March S, totted Pally Except gonday The Herald has been for 67 years and still is • newspaper for Austin and com* munlty fair and impartial to all, seeking always to promote the best interest of agriculture, labor and industry catering to ho demagogues and showing favoritism to no group, firm or individual. Member of the Associated Press • • * - -- ..... ...... The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republlcatlon of all the local news printed In this newspaper as well as all AP. news dispatches. The Lord recompense thy work, and a full reward be given thee of the Lord God of Israel, under whose wings thou art come to trust.— Ruth 2:12. I know that nothing comes to pass but what God appoints; our fate is decreed, and things do not happen by chance, but every man's portion of joy and sorrow is predetermined.- — Seneca. How to Draw a Crowd The worriers in the sports and entertainment world who wonder why they haven't been pulling the old, bulging audiences might pick up an idea or two by trotting out to see one of the remaining professional football games, The pros are the most striking trend- buckers you could hope to find. They've been running up crowds of from 50,000 to 100,000 regularly in towns where there is often a good deal of moaning about attendance at other events. Recently the New York Giants played the Cleveland Browns before 63,000 fans in a snowstorm with the temperature hovering around 32. Partisans of the pro game seem to be hardier than postmen. What draws them out? Obviously the excitement, the drama and the high caliber of the play. Pro football players really are the cream of the crop. The weakest teams are strong by any fair standard, capable of upsetting the best on a given day. When all the ingredients are of a superior order, the entertainment - hungry American still comes out in droves. If We Use Force Firm rejection by the West of Russia's demand that we pull out of West Berlin was of course a foregone conclusion. Still unsettled is how, specifically, we shall meet any possible effort to force us out by blocking our ground routes to the city. We have said that we will not accept the substitution of East German for Russian control over the access route and the check points 110 miles west of Berlin. Just as insistently, the Russians say they will hand over this supervision to the East Germans if we refuse to get out and make Berlin a "free city." If the threatened impasse develops. what then? * ' The simplest though costliest solution , is to go back to the airlift which we used in 1948-49. There are those, however, who think we should underscore our rights by forcing a ground passage if necessary. That means blasting past check points with tanks. Russian and East German threats that this would mean World War HI are not necessarily genuine. But even if the Communists were as determined as we to prevent the spread of any fighting, the operation would not be easy. All we have a right to hold is the 110* mile thread of highway leading to Berlin. To take and secure this thin pipeline, surrounded as It is by hostile East German soil, would mean in effect to establish a 220-mile front. The roadway would be subject to attack and sabotage on both sides at any point along its entire length. All the Reds would have to do to make the route temporarily inoperative, if not worse) would be to blow up a few key bridges. The point is that the ground alternative is a tough one, calling for what would amount to a military campaign. We can forget the idea that all we would have to do is push past the check points and race "home free" to Berlin. The war that could develop over access to Berlin might prove a limited one. But it would still be a war, and not a mere tempest at the toll booth. Opinions of Others WETLANDS DRAINAGE A situation which the next Legislature should straighten out is the conflict Involving state-owned wetlands and private drainage projects. On one hand, the 1957 Legislature gave its approval to public acquisition and preservation of wetlands by the Conservation department. A $1 surtax was added to small game hunting licenses to raise money for wetland purchases. This was done because large areas of wetlands are being drained, even in districts where there are water shortages. The same legislative session struck a blow against wetlands preservation by another law which forbids the Conservation department to delay or interfere with a drainage project that includes state-owned^ wetlands if 51 per cent of land ownership in the affected district favors drainage. This means that state-owned marshland can be drained out after it has been bought to insure its preservation. 0. L. Kaupanger gives the following example of what is happening as a result of the conflicting laws: "On one 40-acre tract in Chippewa county, purchased by the state for about $2,000, the Conservation department has been billed for $3,752 as share of drainage ditch construction costs assessed against the state-owned lands . . . Under existing laws, the Conservation department is wide open for payment of costly ditch liens on every state- owned wetland acre. Either the Legislature should ban further Conservation department purchases, or else it should amend the present act that places a ban on department interference in drainage projects." Sportsmen whose license money is taken for wetland acquisition are being victimized by the present situation. So are those conservation-minded citizens who have contributed money voluntarily to state funds for buying up swamps and potholes to save them from drainage. There is strong sentiment in Minnesota for wetlands preservation. The Legislature recognized this when it authorized the purchase program. Since this is the case, the Conservation department should have the authority and duty to protect its purchases through reasonable judicial procedures. —ST. PAUL PIONEER PRESS MASTERS OF THE ART Senators Wayne Morse and Richard L. Neuberger, Oregon Democrats, are darlings to liberals everywhere and until recently were darlings to each other. But some malignant cuckoo has infected the nest and now they are turning onto each other the superlative talent for invective ordinarily reserved for opponents of federal power projects. Words such as "amoral," "cowardly," "trickery," "untrustworthy," "venomous," and "deceit" are flying back and forth between them. It appears to have started when they took differing views of the value of the 1957 civil rights legislation. When such masters of the cutting word, the poleax metaphor and the marathon sneer get to abusing each other, lessor practitioners of the art had best take to the sidelines, to admire and to learn. All we can say is that after all these years they must know each other very well. — CHICAGO DAILY NEWS* New Estimate Concedes Russia Less in Missile-Bomber Contest By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON (AP) - An new estimate by American authorities of Russia's missile-bomber progress gives the Red* a lower rating them half a year ago. . An assessment made last spring, which indicated substantial leads by the Soviets in several fields of weapons, has been re-evaluated, responsible sources said today. Now the relative, over-all position of the United States in ballistic missiles appears to have improved. In manned bombers this country retains what the analysts consider a clear superiority. Recent Claim Noted Soviet Premier Khrushchev's re- Fire Station Visit Is Made Too Realistic LEXINGTON, N. C. <fl - Secand graders from Dunbar Elementary School visited the Lexington Fir* Dept. in the morning hours. A fireman directed the tour. He showed them the trucks and the apparatus, explaining bow it all worked. And be showed them bow to turn in a fire alarm. ' And, of course, a fir* alarm cam* in at 3:25 p.m., after school wa« out. Twenty firemen and U volunteer* rushed to the alarm box. There was no smoke, no fire anywhere. fb* usuAl false alarm investigation *•§ mid* and the unhappy culprit 9*1 found. He, of course, wa» QDt of the 7-year-olds who watched ao interestedly the cent claim of an intercontinental ballistic missile capable of 8,700- mile range does not seem to have influenced this re-evaluation. Nor are the analysts ready to accept completely reports that Russia is flying a nuclear powered bomber. The United States may not have a high-performance nuclear bomber flying for another five to eight years. In the case of the ICBM, U. S. authorities make these points: Khrushchev speaking to U. S. Hubert Humphrey (D-Minn) in Moscow, did not appear to have claimed that Russia had fired a missile 8,700 miles but merely said Russia bad a missile capable of such range. Confidence in Titan The second generation American ICBM, the Titan, is expected by its designers to be able to reach out as far as the reported Russian weapon. The first U. S. ICBM, the Atlas - which unlike the Titan has been test fired—has scored 6,325 miles. Maj. Gen. Bernard A. Schriever, chief of the Air Force's Ballistic missile division, gave a summary of relative American and Russian positions in ballistic missiles last month before the Khrushchev Humphrey meeting. What He Said Schriever said: At the moment, the Soviet Union appears to have an advantage in ballistic missiles of under 1,000- mile range. The situation was less clear on 1,500-mile intermediate range ballistic missiles. But Schriever said the American Thor i and Jupiter IRBMs have been quite successful in recent tests. | ! As for the ICBM, he said, "We I have no rea*oo to b/ueve that the Russians are appreciably ahead us" in development. In long-range strategic bombers Pentagon offciials insist that th United States holds superiorit even though the number of bomb ers might total more on the Soviet side. Flood Sweeps Away $500 in Earthworms ALBUQUERQUE, N. M. (AP) B. P. Gambrety estimates he lost about $500 in earthworms when someone opened an irrigation ditch and flooded the plot where he was growing them for fishermen. AUSTIN (Minn.) HERAID Friday, Dee. 19, 1«8 Pot Pourri w Wfi CAMS upon an unusual tril orthright editorial la the Red Wing Republican Eagle, me tehich hould make everyone tike bought on the popular municipal (tame of dipping into the federal reasury. Here'are three developments on which the editorial comments: 1) A federal grant of $250,OW is now assured to help Red Wing build a new sewage treatment ilant. (2) A federal appropriation of $175,000 is In the wind to ex* >and Red Wing's new commercial harbor. (3) Red Wing expecte to get about $5,000 in federal funds or city planning. If all these wind alls materialize, Red Wing wll receive $430,000 in federal funds With commendable honesty, the editorial writer points out tha Red Wing people, if they were .axed locally for the project, would do a lot of vigorous thinking be fore spending $175,000 for a harbor expansion project. Because it i federal aid, the attitude is differ :nt. Certainly one of the danger of federal grants is that it can sncourage the spending of tax dollars on some projects that are less needed than others. We might look a little enviously at Red Wing since, while Austin applied for federal funds for its sewage disposal plant, it hasn' been successful in getting any. Ob viously, the result is that Austii and the Hormel company will pay for their own disposal plant, an through federal taxes pay towarc construction of disposal plants in many cities which were able tt make themselves ^gible for fed eral funds. With haste, we explain we ar not being critical of Red Wing o any community for applying fo 'unds. It is with real reluctance hat many cities do so, but they feel they are compelled as sel protection. Since the funds ar made available, and their taxpay ers contribute towards them, they can't afford not to apply. Red Wing obviously can thin of many projects in the commu nity for which it would like t spend $175,000, rather than ex pand its harbor, but it has n choice. And this is typical of fed eral aid — or any other system in which the decision is made far removed from the project. Certainly, there are projects In which the federal governmen should give aid. Perhaps, sine (ederal aid has become a way-o life, it would be better just to a locate the taxes collected for sue projects, back to the communitie and the people, and let them de cide how their money should b spent to their best advantage. Cer tainly, they are in the best pos tion to know. FOR THE third year, St. John' Evangelical Lutheran Church wi present its outdoor Nativity Pag eant in the evening Sunday an Monday. More than 3,000 persons attended the pageant, held in th church's courtyard, last Christina season. Each year, the church ha been adding to its costumes an other pageant properties. T h e r are 65 persons in the cast, an more than 100 to participate i the program directed by Mrs. Je auld Hein. Sunday's performanc will be at 6:30 p.m., and Monday at'7 and at 8 p.m. MANY YEARS ago, a Ne York editor wrote a charming r< ply to the inquiry of a little gir Virginia, whose faith in Sant Claus had been shaken by skep tics. The Wall Street Journal re cently decided that the girl's que tion could now be answered in th following positive terms: "There sure is. The U. S. gov ernment is estimated to h a v given away more than $60 bi lion in foreign aid since the en of World War II. Now then, Vi ginia, what was your question? "Are You Tryin' to Start a War?" '«u •::.;:&$ IM. Ike May Call for Lows fo Control Labor in Politics By VICTOR R1ESEL In a series of unpubllcized, private conversations with hit avow* edly conservative advisers, Presl. dent Eisenhower hat been discussing possible laws which could throw the brakes on labor's streamlined political machine. Whatever the President decides will show up sharMy in the special labor message he will send to Congress late in January or early February, from out of these conferences comes word that he is disturbed by the pile-driving success of labor's political forces and generalship. The President knows adroit tacticians when he sees them. And their smash • through in states with 100 years of traditional Re publican victories has startled him. But he has not decided whether he will push for laws which would turn a government key on labor's treasuries arid also, prevent the unions from using their headquarters, manpower, phones and bust ness agents in the 1960 election. Weald Cub .Labor Among those with whom the President has talked in off-the- record sessions is Postmaster Gen- SYLVIA PORTER'S 'YOUR MONEY'S-WORTH' Tree City of Tangier NO WAY TO TREAT SANTA — Santa seems to have his hands full with Carolyn Lou McMains, who likes the candy but not the lap offered her. She was one of the children of city employes who attended the lighting of of a large Christmas tree in the lobby of city hall in Austin, Tex. (NEA Telephojo) WE MENTIONED how recen census figures show that wome outnumber men among the nation's voters. Now. there are indications that they intend to make their vote influential; An organization called "The Women" has been created in Chicago. The purpose: to run women candidates for every alderman post in Chicago. From there, they intend to move forward by putting up women for all legislative seats, all Congressional seats, etc. The organization has laid down this rule in their selection of candidates: "They can be Republicans or Democrats or independents, just as long as they have character and ability and skirts, and are ready to play the game by men's rules." We have an idea the organization has great potentialities for power — and this is true, even though Minnesotans sent home Coya Knutson, the state's only con gresswoman. Woter Turned on, Goes Down Drain CALERA, Okla. t&- After a i breakdown of several days, Callora's water pumping machinery was repaired and Water Supt. ' A n d r e w Hamilton threw the switch. I The flow of new water didn't fill the mains and Hamilton in' vestigated. He discovered many esidents had left their faucets open and the water was pouring i down the drain. By SYLVIA PORTER j TANGIER — We ordered a couple of drinks from the Arabic- speaking bartender at the El Min- zah Hotel in this globally-famous 'free city" of Tangier at the northern tip of Africa. In accordance with the agreement I had previously made with my hus- aand that I be our "banker" in Tangier, I dug into my purse and offered Spanish pesetas in payment. The bartender took the pesetas, nonchalantly consulted a ta ble in the newspaper near the cash register, handed me some Moroc can francs in change. We went to a nearby shop where I bought three bottles of perfume. This time I offered Italian lire in payment. The saleslady took my lire, made a short phone call, spoke a few words in Arabic, came back and gave me change in Moroccan francs. We went to another store where my husband bought an inexpensive wrist watch. For this pur chase, I offered U. S. dollars to the sales clerk and asked for change in dollars. I promptly got my change in dollars. Tip in Swedish Kroner In one restaurant I paid for our meal in British pounds, requested and received pounds and shillings in change. In a cafe I bought our cups of coffee with Swiss francs To our guide through Casbah I gave a tip in Swedish kronor. And finally, at 10:30 p.m. on the second evening we were in Tangier, I kept an appointment in the El Minzah bar again with Jacob Alster, head of a bank bearing his name, handed over $42 in dollars and became the proud owner of a U. S. double eagle — a heavy, $20 gold piece minted in 1910. 1 had never seen one before and unless you were an adult a quarter-century ago, you probably have never seen one either. "Now at last, I really understand all the fancy double-talk about free convertibility of currencies," said my husband as we started separating our paper cur rencies into little piles so we could change the lot for Portuguese escudos before we left Tangier. Finally Got the Meaning And although I've often written glibly about the meaning of currency converitibility, it was in Tangier that I, too, truly grasped for the first time what those words stand for. To be able to exchange one currency for another in a minute and without red tape . . .To be able to carry currencies across national borders without restriction. . . To be able to offer any of dozens of currencies in payment for goods or services in any nation and have the currencies accepted without question.'. .This is free convertibility. Just the mention of Tangier immediately conjures up visions of the Casbah, tales of smugglers and their caves, whispers of international intrigue. And Tangier is, in fact, a "free city," one of the few hi the world. There is no income tax. There is no duty on imports, no ban on exports. "You want to take out 1,000 cases of cigaretes, 100 tons of gold?" said one "businessman" we met. "It can be arranged. The illegality is not here. The illegality is on the other side, where you live." Freedom of Finance This is the stuff of which TV dramas are made and on which tourists thrive. But Tangier is much more than a city in which anything goes. Tangier symbolizes a freedom in international finance beyond any experience which you and I have. Up and down the streets of the city the money changers stand in their little booths. I walked up to one at random and bought my small piles of paper — for one dollar 625 Italian lire, for another 49& Belgian francs, for a third 4V4 Swiss francs. Then we began our experiment in "living" convertibility of currencies. Can you imagine a U. S. shopkeeper cheerfully accepting payment in Italian lire, a home town waitress quietly taking payment in kronor or francs? Can you think of many people (including yourself- who would even recognize most foreign currencies —much less know the value ol each in terms of dollars or how to check a currency's value quickly? Back to World War I There was a time when currencies did move freely across borders —but that was before World War I and most of us weren't even alive. There was a time when owning a gold coin in our land was commonplace and a popular Christmas gift was a small gold piece —but that was before ownership of gold by Americans was decreed unlawful in 1933. Maybe some day what we experienced in the free city of Tangier will be typical again — but the day is in the far, unforeseeable future. Next: The Portuguese escudo — one of the world's great currencies. (Distributed 1958, by Hall Syndicate, Inc.) SIDE GLANCES TJ*. fe» U.l Ptf. Oft. eiM*k» NCA fcntM. tot. "This is a modified Japanese arrangement. Perhaps we should cail it the 'Ranch Type Oriental.'" MY ANSWER Certain Sayings Answer to Previous Puzzle ACROSS IThe call! the kettle black 4 Mama love* 8 —- and toil 12 Cakes and 13 Wing-shaped 14 Sea eagle 15 vvalter Raleigh 16 Sorcery 18 Body segments 20 Removes 21 Chemical 57 S-shaped worm DOWN 1 A pretty — 2 Medley 3 Finish 4 Adhesive 5 Century plant 6 Hindu religious sect 7 Wile it Fracas 9 Russian city 10 "The Gloomy Dean" 11 Dregs 17 Fancy 19 Asiatic nation 23 25 Toward the sheltered side 26 Frenchman's name 27 Every other aa Fal.-it-h'jods 2 ( J Cushions 31 Saltpeters 33 Fall flower 38 Choice 40 An instant glove 26 Greek goddess 27 High mountain 30 Girl's name 32 What Romans call Italy 34 Keep 35 Made a home, as a bird 36 Watch 37 Hone's gait , 39 Hardy heroine 40 the light fantastic 41 diem 42 Here and — 49 Having prickly parti 48 Forgiveness 51 Exist 52 Man's name 53 Cavity 54 Metal 55 Carry (coll.) 56 All's w«U that —— w«U 41 Cornbreads 42 Allowance for waste 43 -- and Leander 44 Give forth 46 To have and to 47 Goddess <8 Lairs 50 That female rrn?? F V F e 10 QUESTION — I want to be a Christian and live for the Lord. I believe on the Lord Jesus Christ with all my heart and pray, but I .don't feel any chance in myself. 'What can I do? T. T. ANSWER — Your question expresses all the requirements for being a Christian. You say you want to be a Christian — you have desire. You believe with aU your heart — you have faith. And you have prayed. . .that is communication. But you add that you don't feel any change. It could be that you are expecting some earth-shaking emotion and that is where you are making a mistake. You may not feel any change, but the fact that you hunger for God, that you believe, and that you pray, all signifies that there is a change in your life. For sake of illustration, let us say that you owed a bill that you were unable to pay, and a friend with adequate resources paid that bill for you. For further proof that the debt was cancelled, let us say that you received a statement from your creditor informing you that the bill was paid in full. You would be foolish to go around say ing that you just couldn't believe the debt was paid, and that you didn't feel any different. The cross of Christ cancels your .3 Minutes A Day By JAMES KELLER STRENGTHEN THIS WEAKNESS "Non-runaway" boys ran away recently in Iowa. They were inmates of a teenagers' training school who had been taken to see a movie as a reward for having from their cot- rw 'no runaways tage. ral Arthur Stimmerfield — certainly one of the Republican Parly's most InfTuentkl strategists. The postmaster, traditionally the actical general of the party in power, wants the President's tamp of approval on a series of aws which would take labor out if politics — and out of a lot of >ther activities too. In one of their most recent talks, \ was learned, the postmaster in- . dlcated that he would become a political lightning rod and draw abor's fire with public proposals hat some tough laws be passed. The President's reply is unavaiU able. But the postmaster general made such a speech. This he unleashed recently be- ore 3,000 delighted delegates to he National Association of Manu- acturers* annual industrial con- tress. The NAM now is helping listribute "hundreds of thousands" of copies of the talk. And this is speech with a built-in sledge hammer, for Summerfield says in part: Alarmed at Onrush "I feel. . .deeply about the poll- leal onrush of the organized part of American labor, gathered up in phalanx, its millions of dollars and housands of trained political manipulators drawn up in battle formation to seize control over our governmental processes. I think it is high time .hat the American people demand that the political activity of organized labor be brought within reasonable bounds and clearly governed by law — just as the political activity of all other individuals and groups in this nation are governed by law. ^ "I think it is absolutely un-American for labor bosses to be permitted to spend union dues in political efforts that are often in direct opposition to what the dues- paying union member himself wants. This must be corrected by law." There is every reason to believe that President Eisenhower was aware of the contents of Summerfield's speech before it was made. There has been no repudiation of it. It was this speech which moved AFL-CIO presiden' George Meany to attack Summerfield and threaten to launch a third party. Hope for Public Response There is more tc the deluging of America's executive suites with copies of the Summerfield speech than is apparent. The postmaster and his supporters want to prove to the president that their attitude is,reflected by business people and some of the public, too, if possible. They hope, in turn, that the White House will be swamped with demands for union curbing laws. For standing against Summerfield during cabnet discussions is a one . man phalanx — Secretary of Labor James Mitchell. Mitchell has not yet seen the President alone. But he has been making himself heard in conferences with Vice President Richard Nixon, who in this battle is bucking the conservative bloc. So, if you've got an odd dollar, you can place it safely on the I Mitchell. - Nixon group in the !Cabinet. They're backing the same proposals the President sent up last year to crush the rackets and to safeguard union democracy —. no easier, no tougher proposals. Here, too, you've a preview of the in-fighting at the 1960 GOP nominating convention. (Distributed 1958 by Hall Syndicate, Inc.) But the small taste of freedom proved too much for eight of them. They disappeared from the bus on the way back to school. Much as we dislike admitting it, all of us have an inborn weakness that we inherited from Adam himself. The mistakes that others make could well be our own. In one way or another each of us can say: "There but for the grace About 96 per cent of the farms in the United States are family- operated. of God go I." Don't become overly cynical about the moral breakdown now taking place in our midst. Let it be an urgent reminder that it is a never-ending job to make up with God's grace what is lacking in man. The worse conditions may get, the greater the need for bolstering weak humanity with Divine love, strength and wisdom. "Every man hath received grace, ministering the same one to another, as good stewards of the manifold grace O f God." (l Peter 4:10) Forgive me, O Loving Savior, SUBSCRIPTION RATES glngle Copy (at Newsdealer* and Street Sales) $ .07 HOME DELIVERY IN AUSTIN Single Copy (other than regular weekly Subscribers) ......$ 10 Per Week. Carrier Delivery ....$ .40 One Year !!!!!!!!"!!"'.!"" BY MAIL-ZONE 1 Delivery in postotflce within 50 miles radius ol Austin — Payable In .Klviinee, One Month $ l IS Three Months 325 •Six Month* 5 ' 50 One Year JQ.OO MAIL—ZONE 2 . outside 50....... » **j*»u*w 114 QuVfttlCG. Per Week « 40 Three Months ...'.'.. 3.50 ............ ...... Months ........ " 850 Six ........ Qua Year .................... [\\ 12 ; 0 o MAIL— ALL OTHER ZONES Delivery In postoftlce over 150 mllet radlua of Austin—Payable In advance. l j er Week ..... . ......... • 40 dlx Months ........ ....... 750 °ae Year " Hie cross of umst cancels your , ° ' " «-"»-«s oav lur , sins for the Bible says so. "And for my weak «esses and teach me having made peace throueh the to show merc> y for ot hers. having made peace through the blood of His cross, by Him to reconcile all things to Himself." You have accepted God's estimate of your sins, and now you must accept God's estimate of Christ's redemptive work on the Cross. Not only believe it, but accept it, and live by it. LESS CANCEB MONTREAL Wl - The Canadian Cancer Society says a study has shown the cancer mortality rate among North American Indians is only half that among , white North Americana. Companions: Doctor, Priest and Undertaker SAN DIEGO, Calif. (A - Sam Welsenberg of San Diego hooked a ride with three men in a jeep during a bunting trip in Utah. He fell off the jeep and injured his back before he was introduced to the trio and learned they were all from San Diego. But by then he felt quite secure. One was a doctor. Another was a priest. And the third was an undertaker. 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