The Austin Daily Herald from Austin, Minnesota on December 19, 1958 · Page 1
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The Austin Daily Herald from Austin, Minnesota · Page 1

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Friday, December 19, 1958
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The Weather Khrushchev Humiliates Bulganin AUSTIN Ex-Premier Admit! Conspiring Against Communist Potty MOSCOW (AP) - Sick, tired old Nikolai Bulganin groveled before Nikita Khrushchev Thursday and begged to be allowed to live out his clays in peace. Bulganin admitted to the Communist Party Central Committee that he had conspired against the party. The 63-year - old former Soviet Premier said Premier Nikita Khrushchev was right in accusing him and four other ousted leaders of reactionary activities. Weapon Against Foes Khrushchev apparently staged the humilitation of his old traveling companion as a weapon against continued conservative opposition to his radical adaptations of Communist doctrine to Soviet economic conditions. By making the proceedings of the committee meeting public immediately, Khrushchev took his case directly to the people, whom he is wooing with promises that industrial and agricultural innovations will mean better living. Bulganin's confession and. Khrushchev's own attacks on the five-man "antiparty group" are designed to discredit all who oppose Khrushchev. Contrite Speeches Contrite speeches were one of the devices used b? Stalin to discredit his opponents. They were a prelude to execution then. None of the antiparty five is known to HERALD Barb (or Today An Illinois woman t*tt tiff two dogs her estate of 14,000 for A warm place to sleep—and left tor relatives out in tin cold. AUSflN, MttW,, FRIDAY, BSCEMBEfc 19,1958 Member Associated Press CIRCLING GLOBE — This Atlas ICBM Thursday night became the world's biggest satellite circling the earth. The rocket weighs 224,000 pounds and is coated with stainless steel. a small-fry job in have met a (ate worse than banishment to tho provinces. Former Premier Georgi Malen- kov was last reported running a power station, former Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov was serving as ambassador to Outer Mongolia, former Foreign Minister Dmitri Shepilov was teaching school and onetime economic boss Lazar Kaganovich was running a factory. Bulganin came out of semire- tirement in southern Russia to speak again in the committee where once his was a prominent „ voice. As premier from 1955 untiling stations for tracking the mis- last March, while party boss |sile had to be notified three hours Khrushchev actually ran the, to advance. Country, Bulganin's stout, goateed One of the important operations ligure became world famous. Posed for Pictures - • —'— — He traveled to India, Britain , control> II tells wnere tne missile . J _i1 . . . . ItTill Innrl Only 35 Men Knew Missile Would Be Shot CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) —Only 35 men knew that an Atlas missile would be shot into orbit until three hours before the spectacular launching. "We called the 35 members of The Club," said B. G. MacNabb, a fiery Scot who is operations manager. "There are 940 fine men working for Convair at the Cape and only three of them knew about the satellite launching—even after the final button was pressed and the missile was launched," MacNabb 'said. Among those who had to receive the advance word was the range safety officer, whose duty is to destroy the missile if it strays off course. Crewmen manning track- of a regular Atlas shoot is the impact prediction chart at central and other countries with Khrushchev. He posed for pictures with President Eisenhower in Geneva in 1955 and signed numerous letters to the White House. But, Bulganin said Thursday, "when in 1957 the antiparty activities of (the other four) actively developed, I joined them." As premier, he added, "I not only became their accomplice but also nominally their leader. "The antiparty group met in my will land. Prestige of U. S. Soars With Firing WASHINGTON (AP) — America's scientific and military prestige, a key element in the cold war, rebounded high today from the lows of double disaster a year ago. A mighty U. S. Atlas rocket roared into orbit around the earth Thursday night. It became a satellite weighing between 8,700 and 8,800 pounds—three times heavier than the biggest Soviet Sputnik. That was a comparison easily understood by the man in the street in London, Moscow and New Delhi. Can Unload Warhead It carried significance too for the military officer and government official: the United States had a missile with power and control to dump a nuclear war- r-Anroomnw •«» /.T>, m.. head-on a target on another con- WCA1 ^ RIDGE ; Mass ', AP) ~ The tinent. big Atlas rocket satellite may m ' i. -i » i j i. make three passages visible over tha? S c U a C n h OS "S nd , pause to enemies and nudge the * misonan sropy vital in-betweeners who want to SCrvatorJ reported today ' FIERY TRAIL — This time exposure shows the awesome power generated by the three engines of the Atlas that blasted into orbit Thursday MERCURY NOSEDIVES night. Snow, Cold Returns After Pleasant Thaw By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A cold wave warning for south- M . _. . .. " n «MU wave warning lor souin- office and there concerted their ]em Minnesota was issued by the unt party reactionary work." This [weather bureau today. I nvavu Hulgamn explained, consisted ofi The and 20 to 35 below in th« north where cold has already hit. opposing "the general line of the Khrushchev laid down. t mercury is expected to the state Thursday. plunge to 10 to 20 below in the south this afternoon and tonight ^^nt the mem , y diving Thursday night in the north The cold was to spread through out the state today. 7 Inches All roads were open but one to seven inches of snow fell late Thursday and early today in the north. The highway department re. - • —»— ported some slipperiness through Propaganda move . « i • i i • Wmiln j**»m*«* Aitt towns and at intersections. KEY MAN IN ATLAS SATELLITE SHOOT — Curt •Johnston, "Ohio cowboy," had the key job in last night's Atlas satellite launching. As the test conductor, Curt's word was law during the final phases of the countdown that led up to blastoff. During Atlas launchings he wears a "lucky" cowboy outfit which includes a bright red string tie, fancy shirt, cowboy breeches and boots. Johnston is a native of Newark, Ohio. (AP Wire- photo) A major outbreak of cold Cana Dakota making some impassable in the northeast, to six inches fell in northern and western parts of the state. 16 P«g« ce Sputnik ill Is Dwarfed by Satellite lean with the winning side. Comeback Incredible The U. S. comeback seemed incredible in view of the shattering Soviet success starting with Sputnik I Oct. 4, 1957, a Pearl Harbor Day for U. S. prestige. On Nov. 3 the Russians threw into orbit Sputnik II, carrying little dog Laika. The weight this time: a half ton. On Dec. 6, Pearl Harbor Day again so far as U. S. prestige was concerned, America'! first satellite-bearing rocket—a Navy Vanguard—blew up on its launching pad. Not until Jan. 31 of this year did the United States get its first foot in the satellite race. But the Army's Explorer I weighed only 31 pounds, a midget against its Soviet rivals. Navy, Too On March 17 the Navy finally got a satellite into orbit too, shooting Vanguard I to a record far point of 2,246 miles to give its satellite a top life expectancy of 200 years. But Vanguard I was a Lilliputian 3V« pounds. On May 15 the Russians tossed up Sputnik in, 2,929 pounds. It's still going. Yet the American scientific show was coming to life. An atomic sub nosed under the arctic icecap. The Air force and the Army tried rockets that soared _ third of the way to the moon. timetable would indicate that the 14th passage would come into visibility about 5:30 p.m., EST over Mississippi, traveling in a southeasterly direction over Alabama, Georgia and northern Florida. Not Far North Since the rocket will be at Its pereigee, or low point, of about 115 miles above the earth, it would Cold and snow came after an An Atlas zoomed on course for unseasonable thaw over much of 6,325 miles across the Atlantic. Discount Possession Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev said the Russians had a missile capable of going 8,700 miles. U. S. officials underscored the word "capable," discounting Communist .possession of any such operational weapon for at American authorities deny Thursday night's launching was a They said would carry out important com munications experiments. Atlas is big enough to be seen Beraidji with the naked eve bv tne mil k-j *„.._.' lions in the heavily populated areas of the earth over which it was aimed. And its tape recording playbacks are highly con worldwide rebroad Red Lake had the heaviest snow fall, seven inches. Remer received five inches; Crookston and Walker had four; Mahnomen three; Duluth and Park Rapids two, and Detroit Lakes and Virginia one. The snow area generally was north of a line ~< ™ w ° rldwide . / ebroad from Moorhead to Duluth. CBStlng by the Voice of Amenca The spectacular shot drew such The snow moved through North comment as this: highways Karl Bossart, test director at Up Convair-Astronautics, which built the Atlas: "Only the beginning With something else on top of it Grand Forks had the state low of 14 below zero overnight, and the reading at 9 a.m. was 17 below. Light snow in South Dakota made many roads slippery today. Cold Temperatures Much colder temperatures were forecast for southern Minnesota tonight, and Saturday will be cold throughout the state. Lows ranging to 30 below were forecast for tonight in the north. Overnight lows included 18 below at International Falls and 11 below in Bemidji. The situation was much more comfortable in the southeast, where the Twin Cities had a low of 20 and Rochester, 25. Highs Thursday included Redwood Falls 40, Rochester and the Twin Alexandria 33. Cities 37, and the Atlas can reach the Moon or Venus." Krafft A. Ehricke, assistant to the chief engineer at Convair "We can put a man in space with the Atlas, with special precautions to keep him alive." Eisenhower: "This launching constitutes a distinct step forward in space operations. The success opens new opportunities to the United States and all mankind Three other satellites are still in space — all American. They in elude: The Navy's Vanguard 1, • 3Vi pounder launched March 17 and expected to stay up 200 years. The Army's Explorer I, 30.8 pounds, launched Jan. 31. i Explorer IV, 37.1 pounds,! launched July 26. Both Explorers' A. -£»»»CT*3S^>^ THE MIGHTY ATLAS — This Atlas missile dwarfs its transporter truck as it is hauled past a hangar at Cape Canaveral, Fla. The missiles are hauled from California SOUTHERN SECTOR to the Florida test center on a huge trailer. (AP Photo- fax) Aflas Will Be Visible in U. S. not be visible very far north. (p.m., EST, in western Texas, Dr. John White, information of- cross southern Texas, pass south the low point of the satellite's or- ficer, said there's a slight possi- of Louisiana and over the Gulf of bit occurring in the Northern bility that the rocket might be Mexico. Dr. J. Allen Hynek, associate director, said the 14th, 15th and 16th orbits around the world since Canaveral should be its Cape Thursday states. Dr. Hynek said launching visible in 'a very rough" seen as far north as Washington, D.C.—very low on the southern horizon. Since the Atlas was launched at an angle of 32 degrees to the equator it will never cross above a line drawn below the California- Mexican border to central Texas and to Savannah, Ga. In West - to all instances, East the satellite would be observed traveling in a generally west-to-east direction. Scientists said it should appear ex- Over Pacific The third visible passage night, it is estimated, would begin about 8:50 p.m., EST, coming out from over the Pacific Ocean, passing just below southern California, and crossing Mexico fairly close to Mexico City. Man Investigates Mishap; Victim Son TURNER, Ore. (AP) — Police Chief John Rose went to the rail- Hemisphere it should not be visible for more than 400 or 500 miles to . to the north of its overhead pas- The second visible passage to- was his 7-year-old son Kenneth, night and the 15th circuit since)struck and killed by a train •• launching should begin about 7:10 EMMERICH NOTIFIED Ozark Chooses Austin Airport Austin Municipal Airport has been chosen by Ozark •15 7^ nes for its Austi n-Albert Lea stop, Ray J. Emmerich, Chamber of Commerce manager, was notified today In a letter received this morning, from Sydney F. Me- Cullough, general sales manager, Lambert Field, St Louis it was stated that Ozark was "happy to bring service to the Austin-Albert Lea area, and we hope to start the service Feb. 16, the earliest possible date permitted under the Civil Aeronautics Board order." Emmerich was informed that Charles Mount, superintendent of stations, would confer with him soon on facilities here. The schedules, involving one flight a day each way from Des Moines to the Twin Cities via Fort Dodge, Mason City, Austin and Rochester, are being worked out, the letter stated. "We are aware of your need for Chicago service," the letter continued, "and we will attempt to work out a schedule in such a manner as to provide it." he walked home from school. Weather I Official U. S. Readings from | THE HERALD Weather Site on Roof of Fire Station: High previous 24 hours — 38. Low previous 24 hours — 14. Reading at 8:30 a.m. — 16. General weather — Overcast. Temperatures Recorded at THE HERALD Building: All moonwatch teams are being alerted. Western Europe Jubilant Over Satellite Blast LONDON (AP)-Jubilation was expressed in Western Europe today over the launching of the four- ton American earth satellite. "Good," said the man on the Moscow street. "It gives us competition." Late editions of Britain's biggest newspapers revamped their front pages to carry the news. "Amazing U.S. space triumph,' trumpeted the tabloid Daily Mirror. It said: "The American stride forward into space proves the Americans now have a super rocket that can serve a dual role 1 P. M. 2 P. M. 3 P. M. 4 P. M. 5 P. M. 6 P. M. 1 A. M. 2 A. M. 3 A. M. 4 A. M. 5 A. M. 6 A. M. THURSDAY ... 35 | 7 P. M. ...•35 | 8 P. M. ... 35 | 9 P. M. ... 34 ! 10 P. M. ... 34 I 11 P. M. ... 34 | 12 P. M. FRIDAY ... 37 | 7 A. M. ... 33 | 8 A. M. ... 33 I 9 A. M. ... 32 | 10 A. M. ... 29 | 11 A. M. .. 25 I 12 Noon . 34 35 36 39 40 39 25 ?4 23 22 21 21 am RUSSIAN AND U. S. MOONS — Here are the two largest man-made satellites now orbiting the earth. Left is the 85- foot Atlas fired into orbit last night from Cape Canaveral, Fla., and at right the 12-foot-high Sputnik III put up last May by the Russians. The Atlas as a have a five-year Uf« expectancy.) satellite weighs almost 4'/z tons and Sputnik Ill's announced weight is almost I Va tons. The Atlas at launch time weighs about 122-tons. It drops its two booster engines early in flight but its overall length remains the same. Man standing at left of Atlas (arrow) is dwarfed by the huge missile, the largest now in the U. S. arsenal. (AP Photofax) The scientists assume that with — blasting centers or Russia's enabling secret war the United States to put big research laboratories crammed with instruments of many kinds into space. "It also brings very much nearer the day when man makes the first trip into space." At Jodrell Bank, England, the operators of the world's largest radio telescope, which has tracked other American satellites and the Pioneer moon shots, apparently were as much surprised as the rest of the world. At the time of the launching, the telescope was engaged in routine astronomical observation, and four Americans who have helped gf^i in previous trackings of U.S. space were off duty. The Soviet regime first told its people about the orbiting Atla some eight hours after the first announcement in Washington. Mos cow radio broadcasts in both Russian and English told of the mis sile advance without any com ment. Glass Explodes In Boy's Eye WASHINGTON (AP) — U. S. rocketmen hurled a 'our-ton satellite into orbit around the earth Thursday night in a giant stride toward outer space ana man's mastery there. ; The feat, dramatically announced jy President Eisenhower at a White House diplomatic dinner, *ave this country the biggest c n o w n manmade object now swinging around the planet. The' new Pullman car - size satellite dwarfs the 2,919 pounds of Russia's Sputnik in launched last May 15. It comes close to, or surpasses the bulk of the Soviet carrier rocket which went separately into orbit but plunged to its death Dec. 7. But even more significant from the rocketmen's viewpoint are two other features: 2-Way Communications The space traveler, dubbed "Operation Score," carries two- way communications which promise untold practical benefits for the future. And it was pointed into its path by an internal guidance system, rather than being sent on a preset course like a bullet—a long step toward true space navigation.- . ' ; Triumphant over the success of their project, American scientists^ quickly raised their space sights. They began talking about putting a man aboard another such vehicle and sending it to Venus or Mars. Step Forward President Eisenhower called it a distinct step forward... (which) opens new opportunities to the United States and all mankind." The Pentagon echoed his words, accenting the peaceful aspects of launching a satellite the size of a Pullman car. But early comment from, •mem-! bers of Congress indicated a preference to dwell on what it means in military terms. • And even in Moscow, celebrating the 3,000th orbiting of Sputnik III, man-in-the-street reaction was favorable. American reporters, bereft of any official comment, approached a cab driver who said: "Good. It gives us compel- tion." Broke News Dramatically Eisenhower broke the news dramatically at a White House state dinner for diplomats. White House press secretary James C. Hagerty and Pentagon officials spread the word to reporters and the world. The Atlas, intercontinental ballistic p.m. Thursday from Cape Canaveral, Fla. The whole thing, 85 feet long and 10 feet wide, went into orbit. It is the biggest known manmade object swinging around the globe. Its weight, between 8,700 and 8,800 pounds, nearly doubles [. the 2,919 pounds of Soviet Sputnik III, fired last May 15. Sputnik Ill's rocket, variously estimated to weigh between two and five tons, trailed it until being burned up by air friction Dec. 2. Every 100 Minutes The Atlas' orbit girdles the earth every 100 minutes at altitudes varying between 118 to 625 miles. Most Americans cat^ see it, glowing like a star, especially at dusk and in the South. Its estimated life aloft is 20 days. Radio signals for tracking pur- on two frequencies .esacvc acycles. Moonwatchers at El Paso, Tex., ATLAS (Continued on Page I) John Leif, 9-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. John G. Leif, 1417 Park, was resting at St. Marys Hospital, Rochester, today after an eye operation to have a glass fragment removed from his iris. According to 'his father. John — ~was taking a soft drink bottle iromiP° ses . are comin S from the refrigerator at 8:30 p.m l ar "" clal lnoon °n 'wo i._, „ Thursday when the bottle dropped; 107 ' 97 megacycles and 107.94 meg- and exploded. One of the flying < ""' n}ae fragments landed in John's eye. Leif took the St. Augustine fourth grader to a« Austin doctor who recommended taking him to Rochester. Rochester physicians operated at 1 a.m. The doctors told Leif that, barring infection, permanent injury to ihe eye is not expected. GENERAL SOLICITOR DIES MOBILE, Ala. (AP)—Carl Fox, 82, general solicitor of the Gulf, Mobile & Ohio Railroad Co. since 1940, died Thursday after a short illness. He joined the legal staff of the old Mobile & Ohio Railroad in 1912 and had been with the hue and its succesor since. SHOPPING . DAYS TO 'CHRISTMAS READ OUt ADS

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