The Daily Journal from Fergus Falls, Minnesota on May 1, 1976 · Page 1
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The Daily Journal from Fergus Falls, Minnesota · Page 1

Fergus Falls, Minnesota
Issue Date:
Saturday, May 1, 1976
Page 1
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Prisoner R ac jj a tjon \s linked to Nixon's visit to Russia movement requested Ai AP News Special By NORMAN R. BEEBE Associated Prest Writer WASHINGTON (AP) - Two former Secret Service agents say intense levels of radiation at the U.S. ambassador's mansion in Moscow were discovered in 1959, during then- Vice President Richard M. Nix- VANCOUVER, B.C. (AP) Leonard Peltier failed Thursday in another bid for a court order to allow liim more freedom of movement at the Lower , .. . . „ . Mainland Regional CorrectonaP on ? £'? '? "* S 0 ™* Umwl . Center in neighboring Burnabv and lhat Nuion "^ have been t>j.:,_ ,, 6! .T.. u . l ?.rV l ™J l i i exposed to the radiation. - The radiation disappeared after the agents, who had assumed the Soviets were beaming the rays, said they used a ploy designed to persuade the Russians to stop the radiation. The former Secret Service agents said they detected the 'radiation in the quarters of then-U.S. Ambassador Uewellyn E. Thompson, who resided at the Spasso House mansion. During his four-day stay in Moscow, Nixon slept there and the agents say be may have been exposed to the rays for one night until the radiation was stopped. It was during this visit that tier, 31, is wanted by U.S. authorities for the slaying of two FBI agents who were killed at the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota. Peltier's lawyers, S.A. Rush and Don Rosenbloom, asked Justice J.G. Ruttan to intervene on Peltier's behall and have him removed from segregation at Oakalla; for removal of handcuffs while in the institution and particularly when talking to his lawyer; that he have the same exercise plan in the open air as other prisoners, and that he be removed to a cell with sufficient light to read and write. Rush told Justice Ruttan, sitting as a judge under the Extradition Act, that the remand warrant required the director of the prison to receive Peltier and "keep him safely." Rush said this was a command by the court that not only meant security but without harm and in Rood health. Justice Ruttan said he had no authority as a judge under the Extradition Act to hear fr.i motion, and said that even if he was sitting as a Supreme Court judge he doubted that he would have the authority to interfere in the administration of the prison. Ninon and Soviet Premier Ni- kits Khrushchev engaged in their famous "kitchen debate" about the merits of capitalism versus communism. The agents' statements come after recent disclosures that the American Embassy in Moscow is the target of microwave radiation which U.S. officials say is being beamed by the Soviets. It was unclear whether the radiation detected in the ambassador's mansion during Nixon's 1959 visit had any relationship to this microwave radiation at the Embassy. State Department officials said today they had no immediate knowledge of any radi- •atton detected during Nixon's visit in Moscow. The Secret Service declined comment but confirmed the retired agents' identities. In separate interviews Thursday with The Associated Press, James Golden, the former agent who said he first discovered the radiation, and John T. Sherwood, the chief of the Secret Service detail for the Nixon trip, both said Nixon's personal physician was advised of their furUngs at the time and that they also filed a full report with their superiors when they returned lo Washington after the Russian visit. They added that they were never debriefed on the incident by the State Department or U.S. intelligence agencies after filing their reports. Golden retired from the service in 1960. Sherwood retired in 1962. According to Sherwood's account of the incident, wh ich was confirmed'by Golden, the discovery of the radiation came about by accident. During his 11-day Russian tour, Nixon was to visit some Russian industrial cities after leaving Moscow, including Sverdlovsk, which was touted at the time as Russia's "atomic city" because of the nuclear power plants built near there. Nixon was to visit one of those plants. Preparing for that stop, Secret Service agents included decimeters and film badges, Question: How to 'sell 1 stock exchange philosophy By JOHN CUNNffF AP Business Analyst NEW YORK (AP) - James Needham, hired from the Securities and Exchange Commission in 1972 as a problem solver, is being replaced as New York Stock Exchange chairman by William Batten, the, merchandiser. ' Batten's job is to sell the ex- Food for Popular 'fad' diet criticized By JEAN MAYER Professor oJ Nutrition, Harvard University The low-carbohydrate diet, one of the most popular "fad" diets of recent years, is being soundly criticized by physicians and nutritionists for a number of reasons. Until now, the chief criticism has been that a diet low in carbohydrate is inevitably high in fat, and this can result in a dramatic rise in blood cholesterol. But now, a series of studies at the University of Ottawa has pinpointed yet another hazard of these low-carbohydrate diets: the possibility that they produce a below-normal level of blood sugar and bring on hypoglycemia. Blood sugar, or glucose, is the body's primary source of energy. Indeed, glucose normally is the only source of energy- for the central nervous system, including the brain. Carbohydrate is our best source of glucose, and to make sure that the body has an energy reserve, some of the excess carbohydrate calories are converted to glycogen, or "animal starch," and stored in the muscles and liver. Only the liver glycogen can be released directly as Hood glucose. When the glucose from foods is used up, this liver glycogen is the body's only readily available source of glucose. And when this reserve is depleted, the liver begins to manufacture glucose from stored protein, a process called gluconeogenesis. As might be expected, persons on a low- carbohydrate diet alw have a low level of liver glycogen. Normally, there is enough liver glycogen to meet the body's needs during the fasting period between dinner and breakfast. But if a person goes longer than that without eating, the liver must begin to start converting protein to glucose. We have known for some time that alcohol reduces the rate of gluconeogenesis — in fact, persons, who have fasted for 36 hours can be made severely hypoglycemic by drinking alcohol. This prompted the Canadian researchers to wonder whether a person who drank and was on a low- carbohydrate diet would become hypoglycemic. A preliminary study confirmed that moderate hypoglycemia did result from such a combination. In addition, some of the research- patients appeared to be inebriated, even though they had low levels of alcohol in their Wood. So a second study was undertaken to determine whether the combination of moderate hypoglycemia and a moderate consumption of alcohol would impair a person's coordination and ability to drive a car. To do this, a machine called a Stressanalj-zer was used lo time the speed and accuracy with which a study participant could manipulate a driving wheel through 100 maneuvers. In the sis-day study, two diets were used. For three days, half of the 11 participants ate their customary meals. The others ate a low-carbohydrate diet of 900 to 1,000 calories a day. For breakfast, they ate eggs and bacon, for lunch they had fish broiled in butter and dinner consisted of broiled or fried steak with mushrooms. Halfway through the study, the subjects switched diets. On the third morning of each dietary regimen, the volunteers were first timed through the driving maneuvers on the Stressanalyzer and their blood sugar levels were determined. Then, they were given a one- and-a-half ounce shot of rye whiskey each hour for the next four bo'urs, with their levels of blood sugar and alcohol measured periodically. All the persons on the low- carbohydrate diet showed a drop in blood glucose, and for three, the drop was precipitous to below the level of change to investors, regulators and even to its own members as a unique enterprise, a quality auction place that should occupy a central role in the nation's changing securities market. If he fails, it could mark the demise of the exchange as it now exists. Sources close to the situation give this as one interpretation of the leadership change at the Big Board, in which Needham, 49, leaves with close to two years remaining on his fiveyear contract. TiiO^e r .ere other considerations too, including Needham's frustrations in dealing with the still powerful "club members," many of them specialists, who are said to fight change in order to preserve privilege, including huge incomes. The big problem ahead is the formidable one of fitting the exchange into the currently amorphous concept of one central market place, in which an order placed through one exchange is to be the best price available on any exchange. Needham solved many operational problems, and some say he saved the exchange. He strengthened the board. He made changes that enabled the exchange to handle three times the volume that had almost destroyed it in 1968. But now, it is said, the exchange's existence remains at stake. If it cannot demonstrate that it is a unique, necessary institution it is in danger of being so regulated, mechanized and merged that it might lose all identity. In choosing Batten to demonstrate and merchandise its qualities, the chief one being hypoglycemia, a condition that . that it remains the biggest auc- lasted for two hours. At the tkm market for stocks in the same time, blood alcohol rose to a mean of 35 milligrams per 100 milliliters, which is less than half the legal limit for Canadian drivers. Nonetheless, the three subjects with low levels of blood glucose ap- drunk. peared to be slightly And a fourth complained of exhaustion after each of the two-and-a-half minute Stressanalyzer tests. Two of the hypoglycemic subjects showed markedly reduced "driving" skills, and another appeared almost "dead drunk," although his blood alcohol was only 20 milligrams per 100 ml. In all, everyone but one of the participants did pooerer in the Stressanalyzer tests when they were on the low-carbohydrate diet, than when they are a regular diet. Of course, the important question is, "Are you likely lo have the same effects in your own day-to-day activities?" I think it is reasonable to assume that we might. Many people who go on a weightJoss diet also increase their physical exercise, as indeed they should. Hard exercise increases our need for glucose and glycogen. Dieters who drastically reduce their carbohydrate intake and who continue to drink moderately and undertake a good exercise program may well be courting severe hypoglycemia. All this is but one more good argument for a BALANCED, low-calorie weight-reduction diet, and a very convincing argument against such fads as the "drinking man's diet," which combines alcohol with a low-carbohydrate diet. Such a potentially lethal combination not only endangers the dieter, but also is a potential menace to others if the dieter is driving. For those interested in tow- calorie, nutritious foods, Dr. Mayer has compiled his guide to low Calorie Foods for Dieters. To obtain your copy, send $1.25 to "law Calorie Foods," care of this newspaper, P.O. Box 259, Norwood, N.J. C7HI. Make checks payable to Newspaperbook. entire world, the board of governors followed a precedent. Years ago, when Batten, now close to 67, was a high-ranking officer of theJ. C. Penney retail chain, he .was charged with determining the best direction for the company to take. Batten's recommendations for product mix, store locations and the like were accepted by the Penney board and then, said Batten in an interview several months ago, "I was assigned to carry out the recommendations." He was named chairman. During much of the past two years Batten was on another such assignment, this time for the exchange. A director, be was appointed by Needham to study and make recommendations concerning stock specialists, powerful, privileged, controversial floor traders. Many critics believed the specialists, who are charged with maintaining an orderly flow of buy and sell orders, should be be replaced by a computer, facetiously referred to as a "black box." The specialist often must use his OKI funds to buy or sell againstthetrendofpricesinhis assigned stocks if necessary to maintain a smooth market, that is, one free from wide price spreads between trades. It is a prized spot, sometimes with a high six-figure income. It is a job with conflict built in. Ii is one in which subjective judgment is used. But it is a job the exchange says is essential to an orderly auction markeL Batten said in his study that the specialist was necessary, that the black box wouldn't work. But the study suggested the specialists' conduct be more effectively policed, and urged that allocation of stocks be used to discipline them. Now Batten has the job of carrying out this and other recommendations. He must establish that the exchange offers the public the very best prices by bringing together in one place the largest nmber of stocks in open trading. Some brokers and regulators aren't so certain the specialists should stand in the middle of all this, picking up commissions. They (eel that specialists and other floor traders — those who hold "seats," that is, as opposed to brokers in offices — carry too much voting power. The critics wonder if it wouldn't be better to continue stripping me exchange, and especially floor members, of their exclusive and often restrictive powers, turning more of the work over to machines. Supportes of the specialist, Batten among them, contend that the myriad individual decisions made by the specialist cannot be programmed into a computer. Better lo police and severely discipline the specialist instead. If the issue cannot be resolved, some brokers are in favor of dealer markets, in which the brokers themselves would buy and sell stocks from their own portfolios, setting their OWTI prices in competition with other brokers. Rather than being a physical entity, that type of market would be a system of wires, electronic impulses, codes and the like. It would replace exchange floors with scores of brokers interacting face to face. Batten's job is to save the New York Stock Exchange. Galley set to marry COLUMBUS, Ga. (AP) William L. Calley Jr. plans to marry the daughter of a prominent Columbus jeweler May 15, friends of the couple say. Penny Vick, 29, a buyer for her father's jewelry store, has been engaged to Calley, 32, for more than a year. The former U.S. Army lieutenant has lived in Columbus since his 1971 court-martial conviction for the murder of 22 civilians at My Lai in South Vietnam. Anne Moore, the young red- haired woman who visited Calley almost daily during his tri al and three years of house arrest at Ft. Benning, has since married and moved to south Georgia. both atomic radiation measuring devices, in their security gear. The decimeters were fountainpen shaped tubes with calibrations from 0 to 50 for measuring radioactivity. The advance security team, headed by Golden, arrived in Moscow three weeks before Nixon's July 22,1959, departure from Washington. During the three weeks of advance security work in the Embassy, the Secret Service agents said they discovered nothing unusual. However, after Nixon's arrival and while he was making an address on Russian televisor, Golden made a routine check of his dosimeter outside the ambassador's bedroom. "It showed a reading of 18 and was climbing rapidly," Golden said. "I couldn't believe my eyes or the dosimeter." Golden said he went into the adjacent staff quarters and got a second dosimeter from a Nixon military aide, Air Force Maj. James D. Hughes. "When I tested inside the ambassador's bedroom, it went off the scale," Golden said. "Additional checks of other areas in the embassy that evening proved negative. The radiation was concentrated in the ambassador's bedroom and in the staff quarters adjacent to it." Golden said he still felt there could have been something wrong with the instruments or that he himself might have been "hot" from some unknown exposure to radiation. With that possibility in mind, Golden told Nixon's personal physician, Dr. Walter Tkash, of his concern. The following morning, he discussed the matter with Sherwood, who had accompanied Nixon to the television studio the previous day. The new tests confirmed the high radiation in the ambassador's quarters, which was located far' from any communications equipment, as well as the absence of radiation in any embassy areas. However, they said their radiation-sensitive badges did not signal any abnormalities in those areas where the dosimeters registered high radiation. Ilaving discussed the. situation without coming up with a plausible explanation, Sherwood and Golden said they decided to attempt a bluff that they felt might persuade the Soviets to stop the radiation. They said they went to an area they were relatively cer- tain was bugged by the Soviets and in heated tones began discussing the rnalter. "We didn't have any idea what was going on," Sherwood said, "but we made it sound like we did." Both Sherwood and Golden said lhat roughly three hours after their conversation, the radiation disappeared and never returned during the balance of Nixon's stay in Russia. They said Ihey made no further men- tion of the incident until incy filed their report upon Iheir return to Washington. However, sources with additional knowledge of the matter said that within weeks of the incident a "great deal of highly sophisticated detection and monitoring gear" was sent to the U.S. Embassy in Moscow via diplomatic pouch. The report of Nixon's brush with the radiation first surfaced Fergus Fills (Mi.) Joinal Sal., May 1,1976 3 in a copyright article in this week's edition of the "Black bnd White," the school newspaper of Walt Whitman High School in Belhesda, Md., a suburb o! Washington. Written by seniors Michael Gill and Itich- arii IJerkc, it cites u "highly placed government orficial wlra requested anonymity" as its so'jrce. ADDRESS MONDAY, MAY 3 The C. R. LARSON COMPANY, formerly Reitan- Larson Company, has moved into new quarters at llt-A East Lincoln Avenue. This prime location will be of convenience to you. Now, make your LUTHERAN BROTHERHOOD Mortgage Loan Payments at the new address. See us for BLUE CROSS-BLUE SHIELD INSURANCE for hospital and doctor. We can arrange your Insurance Needs for HOME and AUTO, too! See us for REAL ESTATE SALES and MANAGEMENT. OUR NEW ADDRESS .. . 111-A EAST LINCOLN AVENUE FERGUS FALLS, MINNESOTA ADELINE WEGNERy our office manager for many years, will continue to be the office manager at our new location. Our phone number remains me same—736-4M5. C. R. LARSON COMPANY NOW AT111-A EAST LINCOLN AVENUE FERGUS FALLS- DIAL736-4B95 LANTERN CAFE 223 East Lincoln -Hiibj Special/ 4 Chicken »2°° -TiiUaj Spttial- ITALIAN SPAGHETTI & MEATBALLS ALL YOU $OOO CAN EAT * -Tlirsiaj Spetial- ROA5TROUNDOF BEEF, AUJUS -FrWaj Sjecial- Torsk BARBECUED BEEF RIBS , 3 00 Specials served 5p.m. tolO:3D -NOONSPECIAL- Sovp A Sandwich 99< Order Off Menu For Breakfasts, Lunches » Dinners Open 7a.m. to la.m. NEW SUMMER STORE AT national FOOD STORES 210 WEST CAVOUR FERGUS FALLS EFFECTIVE MONDAY, MAY 2 ND OPEN SUNDAYS 10A.M. TO 6P.M. OPEN 7 A.M. TO MIDNITE 6 DAYS MONDAYS THRU SATURDAYS

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