The Daily Journal from Fergus Falls, Minnesota on April 30, 1976 · Page 4
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The Daily Journal from Fergus Falls, Minnesota · Page 4

Fergus Falls, Minnesota
Issue Date:
Friday, April 30, 1976
Page 4
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OPINION PAGE FRIDAY, APRIL 30, 1976 NIPPON RDRAKU Editorial r«mmn..> Rights, responsibilities accompany the ERA (Editor's note: The following is the conclusion of a two-part editorial concerning the proposed Equal Rights Amendment to the Constitution). Phyllis Schlafly, an articulate opponent of the Equal Rights Amendment, writes in "Trial" magazine that, "The ERA will not give women anything which they do not already have, or have a way of getting..." On the surface, that would appear to he true. The Fourteenth Amendment, for example, which was ratified in 1868, forbids any state to "deprive any person of life, liberty or property without due process of law; or to deny any person the equal protection of the law." And the Fifth Amendment, applicable to the federal government, forbids depriving "any person of life, liberty or property without due process of law." But attorney Marguerite Rawalt, who has served as a member of the President's Commission on the Status of Women, has discovered that those amendments have not been interpreted in a manner one might expect. In "Women's Law Journal" she writes: "...As interpreted by our courts, the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the Constitution uphold a whole network of state discriminatory laws limiting women in the right to work, limiting the rights of married women in ownership and management of property, precluding them from choosing their domicile, and restricting other civil and political VM.I il . p. L| I rights...The Fourteenth Amendment has never been VK COUlO U5e >0m6 Of THAT applied by the Supreme Court to guarantee to an individual female citizen the right to work at any lawful occupation of her choice, although the Court has applied its 'equal protection' clause to insure the right to work to Chinese laundrymen, Japanese fishermen, a train conductor and an Austrian cook." Attorney Ruth Ferrell also points out that rape, as defined at common law and in the United States, based on the medieval concept that married women are chattels, cannot occur between husband and wife. "In modernizing criminal laws to conform with the ERA, rape should be redefined to include rape by a husband of his wife," says Ferrell. Laws dealing with prostitution, in most states, are defined as being crimes committed only by women, Ferrell adds. "The customers are either not subject to punishment or are subject to a lesser penalty. ..Underthe ERA, prostitution will be a"crime committed either by males or females." Schlafly also writes that t"-e ERA "will take away from women some of their most important legal rights, benefits and exemptions." To an extent this is true. Women will, for example, be subject to the draft, (if it is reinstituted) just as men are now .Butitdoesnot mea n that women w ill be dragged away from their children. Fatherhood deferments are granted routinely to men. Obviously this benefit will be extended to women as well. In fact, the ERA would require it. Says Terry Trumbull, an attorney for the Institute of Public Administration, "The ERA will place women in the armed services on a par with men. This seems only fair. There is no reason why a woman should not serve her country just as a man may be required to do. The ERA is an important and necessary step towards equalizing "the rights and responsibilities of all Americans." Yale Law Professor Thomas Emerson admits that the ERA may cause vastchanges in many features of our national life. "I am inclined to feel that the alarms and warnings are, as usual, overplayed," he comments. "Whether that be the case or not, however, if such great changes do occur it will be only because they are necessary. Those opponents of the amendment are acknowledging that widespread discrimination against women persists throughout our society." Sen. FlorianChmielewski.Rep. Glen Sherwood and other critics of the ERA are correct in stating that the amendment is complex and would no doubt require judicial clarification on .some points. But that has been true of many amendments and should not be considered sufficient reason for dismissing the ERA as untenable. 100 YEARS AGO (from the Daily Journal for April 27,18761 Bottineau leads colony Last Sunday 10- teams and 33 men from Minneapolis, under lead of the famous Pierre Bottineau, passed through Fergus on their way to found a colony at a new town on the Red Lake River 16 mites east of Crookston, Polk County. Old Pierre Bottineau, now 55 years of age, who has been a guide and interpreter for over 40 years and who was born in the Red River country, of French Canadian father and Chippewa mother, knows every fort of it like a map. Now in his old age he returns to found a colony near his birthplace. , About the middle of May some 35 families will follow this advance guard. 100 INDIANS ARR1V E IN Bl'SE Ust Thursday-night a hundred Chippewa Indians made an appearance-in Buse Township and chose Mr. Winters' grove for a campground. He and his sons promptly drove them away since a spark of fire could drive him out of house and home. PR AIRfF, FIR ES FREQli RNT Prairie fires are of frequent occurence and nightly have lit up UK horizon. We expect to hear of the usual losses of fences, stables and even houses. Great caution and experienced judgment are necessary to provide against this demon on the prairies. " SALOON' LICENSE SET AT $zM The village fathers Monday set the saloon license at $200, no running in and out on Sunday and no card playing. No dog lax. The poll tax is fixed at two days labor. JHG Toy sales projected MINNEAPOLIS (AP) Sales of Tonka toys are expected to continue to grow during the remainder of 1976, Tonka Corp. shareholders were told by firm President Peter Wlm- salt at their annual meeting Wednesday. "Most retailers will or have reported continued sales growth in the first quarter," said Wimsatt. "The retail strength and improved consumer confidence indicate favorable retail growth for the rest of the year." Wimsalt said he also expects international toy sales to improve, particularly in Canada, Holland, Belgium and France. Board Chairman Russell Wenkstern told shareholders that the company plans to add two new outside directors to its board within the next few months, giving outsiders a W majority. Shareholders approved an addition to Tonka's articles of incorporation that will require 80 per cent shareholder approval of a merger when it is proposed by a person or group owning more than 5 per cent of shares. Previously, only a simple majority was needed to approve such a merger. Letters to the Editor K/eppe defends big business on energy production Tests on Caroline 'negative' BOSTON (AP) - All tests performed on Caroline Kennedy were negative and "everything is satisfactory," says a spokeswoman at New England Baptist Hospital. The 18-year-old daughter of the late President John F. Kennedy has been hospitalized since Tuesday for "routine tests" and is expected to remain at the hospital for several more days and additional tests. Following the tests, Miss Kennedy is expected to return to lx>ndon, where she has been studying art at Sotheby's auction house. ATLANTA (AP) - Bis corporations, and not the federal government, should be given the job of developing energy resources. Interior Secretary Thomas S. Kleppe says. "Some politicians preach the breakup of major corporations," Kleppe said in a speech prepared for a meeting today of the American Assembly of Collegiate Schools of Business. "Well. I would point out to you that many of the energy development programs we must undertake require huge a»»unts of money and expertise • and only large corporations have the resources. We should encourage private capital to do the job rather than use lax dollars." He said suggestions by some members of Congress that federal corporations be set up Io locate and develop energy re- sources on federally owned land "would be disastrous to our future." "The mentality which calls for government takeover of business is the same mentality which would have the government dictate what products will be produced, what quality and colors will be available, and what prices will be charged," Kleppe said. "It this sounds a little like socialism to you, the same thought had occurred to me." He said, however, "There are some instances where government legitimately can and must become involved" more or less as a partner in the development of new processes — especially in the energy field." He suggested as areas for businoss-gomr.menl cooperation ocean mining, space satellites, advanced coal technology and recycling of wastes. Letters to the Ed/tor Foreign student help suggested To the Editor: Our own senator, Hubert Humphrey, is on the senate committee dealing with immigration and naturalization. Wouldn't it be good if he would use some of his power to get more generous treatment for foreign students? They should be allowed to work their way through school as many of us American students do. Also it would be better if they did not have to pay twice as much tuition as we do. There is a proverb in the Bible that says. "The one who closes his ear to the cry of the poor will cry himself and not be answered." time Hill 555 W. Cherry New council will listen to both sides To the Editor: The article published in Tuesday's issue of the Daily Journal about oar latest controversy at City Hall was well written and expresses the views of a great many Fergus Falls residents. Some of our council members were_. accused of violating the"open meeting law", yet not one of the accusers could come up with any concrete evidence on the night of the council meeting April 19. And where was Mr. Thorn, the one who was the first to make rash criticisms and condemned action on the removal of Rodger Neumann from office? He had nothing to say at a time when it would have counted the most The so-called "Restore Committee" went forth with a lot of propaganda (with the help of the radio station), trying to encourage citizens to sign a petition for resignation of five aldermen. Did the people who signed it know all the facts behind the issue? 1 doubt it. City . attorney, David Sycklemoe, made a statement over KBRF on Tuesday morning, April 20, the morning after the "standing room only" council meeting, to the effect, that the opinion which had been rendered by Harlan Nelson, was based on an issue at Richfield and did not apply to the situation here. Insofar as is known, that opinion appeared to be the oaly "so called proof" that this committee could use as a basis for their action. Some of the businessmen downtown were badly shaken up at the ousting of Mr. Neumann. Why? Do they have a guilty conscience? If not, what did they have to fear? When some of them were the city council in past years, did they always vote and make final decisions according to the wishes of the majority of voters? I think not. We still have a couple of "dead horse" projects on hand that were passed after being voted down, sometimes twice. And on the other hand we have some projects that were approved of years ago and still haven't been done, thanks to some former council membeis and others at City Hall. And who stood to benefit the most from the projects that were put through? Certainly not the ordinary taxpayer. Mr. Neumann and his associates know very well why he was removed from his position. It's just a matter of facing the facts. Now we have a group of people in office who will take time from their jobs to listen to any or all citizens, whether they be business or working class people — and after listening to both sides of any initiated project will hold discussions at committee meetings and will endeavor to make fair and honest decisions. Ut's keep these people in office. As for coverage on the TV station at Alexandria, it did nothing, except spread more ridiculous scandal for the city of Fergus Falls. The tactics used by "Restore" and others are simply a cover-up for some of their own actions of the past and a possible fear of being found out. Given time our present council members will prove to the city that they ha ve been and will continue to work for the best interests of all of Fergus Falls. Vote them back in at the next city election. Mary Nelson 821 E. Jimius Driver's honesty pays off WASHINGTON (AP) - "As a cab driver over the years, I've tried to- follow a very simple philosophy," says William Taylor Sr. "When I find something in my cab, my first obligation is to find the owner." In the past, the 51-year-old driver has gone to the police with a women's umbrella, a briefcase and even a child's pocket radio. So on Tuesday night, after a rider spotted a brown suede purse on the fkwr of his cab, Taylor looked inside for identification, saw some money and took it to the police. The purse contained nearly 1 $42,000 in cash, travelers checks and jewelry. It belonged to Dollie Cote, wife of retired General Motors President Edward N. Cole, both of whom Taylor had driven from National Airport Ura Washington hotel late Tuesday. Taylor picked Mrs. Cole up at her hotel Wednesday and drove her to the police station, where she promptly took four crisp $100 bills from her recovered belongings and gave them to Taylor. The Coles also indicated they may be able to" give Taylor a chauffeur's job for $18,000 a year, $10,000' more than he •Merry-Go-Round« House member's ethics probed By Jack Anderson WASHINGTON - In a rare offered huge cash bonuses to rail companies that bring the 'Strictly Personal Snoozing an unsung delight By Sydney H. Harris A friend called me at the office the.other afternoon, and from the dazed way I answered the phone, he could tell I had been snoozing in my chair. He proceeded to rib me about it, but I refused to be embarrassed or apologetic. Kather, I am grateful for what time has brought me. And that is the ability to take little naps at odd moments. All during my youth and early middle age, I envied and resented people who were able to do this — not only great men like Edison and Gen. Lee, but ordinary people who would fall off in the seat next to me as our plane took off, and waken only as we came in for a landing. There I would sit, tense and tired, staring out a black window, eyes like holes burned in a blanket, puffing furiously at one tasteless cigaret alter another, and totally unable to catch a wink until I was home in bed. On the downtown bus from the airport, others would drop off for a glorious 30-minute refresher, while again I gazed into the darkness and desperately tried to hypnotize myself into slumber, out to no avail. For years I wavered between vast admiration for these tranquil spirits and deep contempt for such insensitive clods (the latter feeling obviously a crude rationalization of my own inability to imitate them). Now, one of the great unsung consolations of the autumn years has befallen me, and I am delighted beyond all chaffing and embarrassment. It has given me true second wind, at a time in life when one needs it most. I can do twice as much, and twice as long, without getting tired or tense, simply because for a few minutes each day (and longer when possible) I knit up the raveled sleave of care with a cat-nap no feline ever enjoyed more thoroughly. Thus, also, needing much less sleep at night than in my frenetic youth, when exhaustion, collapse and slow repair followed in remorseful rotation. This new and wondrous gift has enlisted my sympathy to the side of all the "meditation" devotees, zen and otherwise, who. are teaching the art of relaxation, of letting go from time to time. They are absolutely right in their premise that, to function optimally, the human organism needs to be able to transcend itself at will, to relinquish surface reality for a deeper state of consciousness, or even blankness, as in sleep. There were no such movements around when I was a youth, and so my high-strung temperament, remained ruthlessly in charge of my galloping thalamus. Happily, nature has stepped in to rectify what instruction left undone, and that muzzy voice on the phone is not old sleepy-head but a man who has been in touch with the infinite, and likes it. Senate move against a House member, the Senate Permanent Investigations subcommittee has referred charges against Rep. Daniel Flood, D-Pa., to the House Ethics Committee. The flamboyant Flood, with his waxed mustached and Adolph Menjou manner, resembles an aging vaudeville performer. But his foppish appeaVance is deceiving. He is an able legislator, a power in the House, a 28-year veteran, with a stranglehold on the $46 billion Health, Education and Welfare budget. The HEW hierarchy, therefore, cannot easily ignore calls from Flood. Back in 1972, the congressman and his top aide, Steve Elko, pressured HEW not to cut off student loans to a gro up of unaccredited West Coast schools. Not long afterward, the president of the West Coast schools made a secret flight under an alias to Flood's district. He quietly delivered $15,000 to a company once run by Elko. Most of the money was withdrawn by a company official the same day it was deposited. These curious developments were uncovered by Senate sleuths in the course of an investigation into the unaccredited schools. The subcommittee is checking into charges that the schools bilked the taxpayers out of millions in federally insured student loans. Upon discovering Flood's strange involvement with the schools, the subcommittee secretly polled its members who agreed to send the still- confidential investigative report to the House Ethics Committee. The detailed report was accompanied by an unusual letter, signed by acting Chairman Sam Nunn, D-Ga., and ranking Republican Charles Percy, R.-I11. The confidential details were offered, staled the letter, "for any action deemed appropriate." In the past, the House Ethics Committee has never found it appropriate to investigate the unethical conduct of House members. Although the committee was created to police congressional conduct, it has refused even to investigate congressmen convicted of crimes. It hardly surprised us, therefore, that Elko told us he hadn't been contacted by any of the ex-FBI agents who now are part of the Ethics Committee staff. If he had been contacted, Elko said, he would have denied any wrongdoing by himself or Flood. WATCH OX WASTE: The railroad bosses at Amlrak have trains in on time. The incentive payments are supposed to improve the service, but railroads have qualified for the money by altering their standards instead of their services. Millions have been paid to railroads, which didn't increase their efficiency at all but merely adopted new methods for determining when a train is on time. Investigators for the Interstate Commerce Commission concluded that Burlington Northern, for example, could actually reduce its on-time performance by 10 percent and still qualify for cash bonuses. The big bonuses are made possible, of course, through the generosity of the taxpayers. Congress has shelled out close to $1.7 billion since 1970 to bail out the bankrupt railroads. Last year, Amtrak awarded 518,636,104 in incentive bonuses to 10 private rail companies to improve their on-time services. Many other private businesses would be delighted to improve their services,'too, if the lax- payers would put up that kind of bonus money. ' But in the case of the railroads, they felt they could collect bigger bonuses by allowing their trains more leeway. Before the incentive program, trains were considered late if they arrived more than five minutes past schedule. Now trains can arrive as much as 30 minutes late and . still be considered on lime. Some railroads also lengthened their timetables, giving trains more time to reach their destination, in order to qualify for the incentive payments. As an example of how the incentive system works, ICC investigators concluded that in only seven months Amtrak had paid Burlington Northern a whopping S1.615.COO in bonuses not for improving efficiency but for using the new performance yardsUck. The money has stimulated some rail companies, however, to move their trains faster. The ICC investigators learned that Seaboard Coastline Railroad planned "extreme action," including violation of the speed laws, to make sure their passenger trains operated on lime. Footnote: Sen. Vance Hartke, D-lnd., told us he will investigate the incentive program. The facts can be found in the confidential reports of the ICC investigators. Sen. Birch Bayh, D-Ind., is also looking into charges we made in an earlier column that the Amtrak bosses are using taxpayers' money to subsidize their lavish living habits. They'll Do It Every Time FERGUS JOURNALCOMPANY Established 1673 Charles Underwood, Publisher George Marotteck, Business Mgr.-James Gray, News Ed. Glenn E.Olson, Advertising Mgr. »n E C-anr ra. F . . %. 117K. 3-rci . i» X a. >yr . IWOC srvn

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