Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan on June 14, 1965 · Page 4
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Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan · Page 4

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Monday, June 14, 1965
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rout IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN MONDAY, JUNE 14,1965. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE Th« Doily Globe !» on Indeptndtnt newspaper, supporting what It believes to be right and opposing what it believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartially." -linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publish*. 1927-1964. Mrs. Linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher The Great Charter The significance of the Magna Carta for Americans perversely is better understood by Britons than by us. Thus on the eve of solemn celebration of the 750th anniversary of the signing of the great contract, The Guardian observes: "It is an odd thought, but if the principles embodied in the Charter had been better observed ,the history of America might have taken a very different form; but those who fled from tyanny at home to raise the flag of liberty in a new continent never really broke the links with the country from which they fled. "The fabric of our liberties and of theirs is derived from the same sources." The Magna Carta was an appropriate fate for King John. A cruel and extortionate monarch, he early aroused the displeasure of his subjects, from the barons to the townspeople, by putting aside his Queen because he was tired of her and murdering his nephew and chief rival, Arthur of Brittany. Lackland or Softsword, as John was called, was both mean and weak of will. J. R. Giccn wrote of him that "his punishments were refinements of cruelty, the starvation of children, the crushing of old men under copes of lead. . . . His court was a brothel where no woman was safe from the royal lust." Faced with superior force, John in 1215 was compelled to enter into parleys with his barons at Runnymede. In June 15 John set his seal on preliminary demands of the barons. As compromised four days later, the Greater Charter separated chrtich from state and established courts in fixed places. The right of men to be unmolested in their persons or property except in accordance with the law of the land was assured. Land was not to be taken for debts that could be paid in chattels. No confiscatory fines were to be imposed. Judgments were to be rendered against the barons only by their peers and against lesser men only by "honest and loyal" men oi their own neighborhoods. Justice was no longer to be "sold," but was to be equiably administered. The most meaningful provisiaon today is found in Chapter 39: "No freeman shall be arrested and imprisoned, or dispossessed, or outlawed, or banished, or in any way molested; nor will we set forth against him, nor send against him, unless by the lawful judgement of his peers and by the law of the land." Twenty-five barons were appointed to see that the great charter was abhered to. Within the next few centuries it was necessary to reassert its guarantees 37 times. In some respects the charter was a reactionary document. Its fundamental purpose was to insure feudal rights and dues and baronial privileges. Articles specifically protecting vil- leins and tenants were few. But the Charter did establish the supreme doctrine of the subjection of all power to law. British lawyers in the 17th century liberalized the Magna Carta greatl by interpretation. Parliment in 1689 first adopted the document known as the "Bill of Rights." The genius of Magna Carta was in its potential. Nowhere does it specifically guarantee the liberties for which we now look to it. Not for what it said but for what it has come to mean Magna Carta stands as one of the immutable political scriptures of both Britain and the United Slates. re- Steel This Week CLEVELAND-A new push to buy sled has been touched off by the new labor contract in the aluminum industry, Stool ported today. Steel users have two aims: 1. Protect themselves agains the possibility of a sleclworkcrs' strike on Aug. 31. 2. Save money in event steel- makers raise prices. Steel users feel selective price hikes arc almost certain. They think now leaders of the United Steelworkers of America will press lor as big a package as they want from the aluminum industry (more than 50 cents an hour over three years) and that steelmakers will follow the aluminum producers' example oi raising pric'es immediately. President Johnson's Council oi Economic 1 -\d- visers made it clear that it Felt the aluminum settlement and price revisions clearly violated wage-price guidlines. The Johnson administration is not expected to challenge the aluminum price hikes, but its "early warning" system on prices and dages has been put into operation. Many observers feel the President would rather put additional emphasis on the guidelines philosophy and save the "big stick" threat for the steel industry—where he feels price increases would have a greater over-all impact on the economy. Steel looks for a quiet resumption of top level steel labor talks this week or next. The USW will field thss bargaining team: 1. W. Abel, president; Walter J. Burke, secrctary- trasurer; Joseph P. Molony, vice President; Elliott Bredhoff, counsel; James P. Griffin, director of USW District 26 (Youngstown); and Marvin J. Miller, economic adviser to ex-president David McDonald. The talks may be shrouded in secrecy. USW President Abel and U. S. Steel's R. Conrad Cooper, chief negotiator for the steel industry, have agreed they won't give newsmen blow- by-blow accounts of talks. They'll close the pressroom in Pittsburgh's Penn-Sheraton Hotel and schedule new sconferences only when they can report progress. If there are no indications that a new labor contract might be signed before Aug. 31 when the union could strike, Steel, predicts near capacity steel output through August. The fourth consecutive week of climb was registered last week. Ingot output rose 13,000 tons and totaled 2,760,000 net tons, equivalent to an anual 'rate of 14 million tons. Another slight rise is anticipated this week. Practical Idealism Not Wanted (Copyright IMS, King features Syndicate. Inc.) By lohn Chamberlain • The most depressing thing about the world is the way in which practical idealists get used up and discredited. We are thus left with a choice between bums and climbers and glory hunters, and every new situation represents a worsening of the old. To be specific about one instance, the best men in t he Dominican Republic are all disqualified at the moment simply because they tried to do right and were, for one reason or another, forced to relinquish the reins. There is Donald Reid Cabral, to pick llie most eminent Dominican ex-statesman, If rationality were to govern the Dominican future, the Organization of American States and the U. S. State Department would be asking Reid Cabral to reconstitute his recently deposed civilian junta and go on with the business of trying to reform Dominican society. Donald Reid Cabral was forced out of office simply because he was doing his best to extirpate graft from the Dominican Republic's military forces. His successor, if he is to be any good, will have.to try to pick up where Rein! Cabral left off. So why wouldn't it be rational to bring Reid Cabral back again to do what must bet done if the Dominican Republic is to have a decent future? Then there is General Wessin Y Wessin, another practical Dominican idealist who has opposed graft He has apparently been ruled out as a candidates fof a coalition government. Yet it was Wessin Y Wessin who tried to prevent bloodshed in the recent confrontation of the military forces and the "rebels." Accordng to Paul Bethel, the ex-State De- •partment man who got a bird's-eye view of events by riding around in a tank with Dominican army units in the earliest hour of the recent troubles, Donald Reid Cabral inadvertently did himself in by dispatching his chief of staff Rivera Cuetta to the to-called "27th of February" army'barracks to fire two officers for graft and.disloyalty. Before he could carry out nis thoroughly justified mission, Rivera Cuesta was made a prisoner by the very army elements he had been sent to purify. Thus Reid Cabral, the head of the Dominican govern- tneht, lost his power to command the military '-" • • - —which, in the Dominican Republic, meant loss of the power to govern. When the army rebel refused to back down, General Wessin Y Wessin, the practical idealist who commanded the San Isidor Air Base, tried to effect a peaceful transition. "We don't want bloodshed between elements of the military forces," so Paul Bethel quotes Wessin Y Wessin as saying to Reid Cabral. "If there is any fighting, the country will disintegrate into chaos. I beleieve it would be better if you resigned." Reid Cabral tried to hang on by summoning loyaltist soldiers to attack the rebels. But nobody moved. Meanwhile, a mob led by "the Cuban Communist Luis Acosta" (Paul Bethel's description) grabbed the Santo Domingo radio and TV stations to demand a return to the "constitutionality" of the long- since-deposed Juan Bosch regime. The fat was in the fire. By taking quick action and sending in the Marines, President Lyndon Johnson prevented a takeover in the Dominican Republic by a mob that might easily have been manipulated by Communist agents. But .who is there left to constitute a core of practical idealism capable of shaping a decent Dominican future? Every suggestion to date seems to indicate a comedown from Donald Reid Cabral's candor and honest)', or from General Wessin Y Wessin's desire to avert bloodshed. Dr. Joaquin Balaguer, who was president of the Dominican .Republic immediately after the murder of the dictator Trujilla, is supposedly "tarred" bv his old Trujillist connections. General Antonio Inv bert, who drove the car which carried Trujillo's assassins to their bloody rendezvous, isn' trusted simply because be is a professional tough egg. And those Dominicans who were part of President Bosch' sill-fated regime are suspected to chronic indecisions, or "softness" toward communism, or even Castroite connections. So what, pending a new election, could be better than going back to Reid Cabral, who sought to eliminate graft, with the decent Wessin Y Wessin at his side? Of course, the suggestion is totally impractical. But, by this very'token, we aren't going to get a good government in the Doinincaii Republic. Voice From the Hill The Washington Scene By BRUCE BIOSSAT | WASHINGTON — (NEA) — The longer the present junta vs. rebel stalemate continue? in the Dominican Republic, the greater is the prospect that negotiators might go below the level of political irreconcilable? to put together a mere caretaker government of bureaucratic technicians. This notion has taken hold as the outlook for comprom i s e among the Dominican "contenders has grown progressively weaker. The gulf is simply too wide, and the attitudes on both sides too unyielding. A new approach is needed There is agreement, of course, that elections are the real objective. In the view of some Latin-American specialists here, taking account of the present impasse, this goal may now be best achieved in one of these ways: 1. Elections could be held in 30 to 60 days, with a minimum of preparation. ft ft ft This course might be come sheer necessity if the Inter- Artiefican negotiators should find it impossible even to promote a caretaker government of technicians. Efforts in tl?is field are still not much better than exploratory. 2. With some sort of interim government functioning, elections might be scheduled more reasonably for a period three to six months after the provisional leaders took the reins. This plan would have the advantage of allowing a real cooling off among the Dominican's fired-up contending forces Hopefully, then: passions would be channeled into fairly well-p r e pared election campaigning. 3. Should continued hotheadedness make this avenue an impractical one, elections could be postponed until the official end—• 16 months from now—of the term to which the deposed, exiled Juan Bosch was elected as president. In the mercurial mix that constitutes Dominican politics, this much delay in elections is seen as risky. A far earlier start toward a new stability is regarded as advisable if it can be managed. Furthermore, it is accepted that Inter-American arm e d forces, with a large U. S. component, must remain on the island until after elections— and 16 months is a long time. o ft ft Sensitive to charges from some quarters that administration men are, in effect, "black plotters' bent upon imposing plans of strictly U S. manufacture upon the Dominican people, officials here insist "we have no plan." The view offered is that the Ironwood Daily Globe Published evenings, except Sundays by Globe Publishing Company. 118 E. McLcod Ave.. Ironwood. Michigan. Established Nov. 20, 1919, (Ironwood News-Record acquired April 16 1921; Ironwood Times acquired May 23. 1948.1 Second class postage paid at Ironwood. Michigan. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED fRESS The Associated Press li entitled exclusively to the use for repubication of all the local news printed In this newspaper, as well •« «U 4P news dispatches. Member ol American Newspaper Publishers Association, Interamerictn Press Association, Inland Dally Press Association. Bureau > of Advertising, Michigan Press Association. Audit Bureau of Circulations. Subscription rates; By mall within a radius of 60 miles—per year, $9: six months, IS; three months, $3; one month, $1.50. No mall subscriptions sold to towns and locations where carrier service Is maintained. Elsewhere—per year. $18; one month $1 50. All mail subscriptions payable In, advance. By carrier, $20.80 per year In advance; by the week, 10 cents. President and his Latin-American experts are prepared to accept any solution that genuinely moves the Dominicans toward a hopeful government of their own choosing. To be sure, U. S. Ambassador Ellsworth Bunker is on tr-e three- man OAS team now explor i n g the whole range of prospe c t s but ambassadors from Brazil and El Salvador round out the group. It is argued that neither Bunker nor any other U. S. official will attempt to dictate the course of this endeavor. A quick election, however, is clearly not an appealing solution here. The civil conflict on the island has so polarized political attitudes that some sort of party realignment now seems inevitable. A considerable span of time is thought to be needed for these adjustments. Time may also be required for the Dominican people to sort out their notions about the kind of constitution they wish to live by. Documents adopted successively in 1962 and 1963 enjoy varying degrees of island support today, but to most citizens they are little more than crudely gras p e d symbols. 'ft ft * Responsible officials see c o n- tinuing peril in these and other uncertainties. While elections are the general goal on all sides, tt is not imagined that they w i 1. magically produce leaders of high governing talent. This lack is severe. Nor is it overlooked that a winning party in a legitimate election might be infiltrated and ultimately taken over by Communist elements (which are said to be still highly visible in rebel- held parts of Santo Domingo.) Since our landing of troops in sizable force several weeks ago was explained as necessary to forestall a possible Red takeover, one might fairly,ask how we can now contemplate this as a conceivable consequence of a future election. The only answer that could make sense is that in late April President Johnson saw a Communist triumph as very likely, while the subversion of a fairly elected popular Dominican government would have to be adjudged a far dimmer prospect. Business Mirror By SAM DAWSON AP Business NNews Analyst NEW YORK (AP) — What are the bulwarks the government is counting upon to safeguard your personal economy as well as the nation's general one from the flash floods of bad news? The increasingly serious conflict in Viet Nam, or jittery days in the stock market, or labor- management conflicts in basic industries can and do darken the front pages. But today Americans have much better odds of surmounting crises with a minimum of personal tragedy than did the citizens of 30 or so years ago. These safeguards have been built up by business, by labor unions, as well as by the government. Some things Americans did wrong in the past they can't do today. Example: they can't plunge in the stock, market with just 10 per cent or so of cash for the going price of the stocks they fancy. So they can't be wiped out so fast when stock prices tumble after bad news. or unfounded rumors. And they have access to, if they care '.o take advantage of it, much more Information about the affairs of corporations and banks than in the 1920s. If you have built up savings in banks or savings and loan associations, you are insured against loss to a degree that covers most such accounts. If you have taken on a mort gage when buying your home, in many cases you have a government insurance policy on that, too. « ft ft The total of installment credit has risen to a record high. But the lenders say that in the vast majority of cases such debts are well protected by the income prospects of the borrowers. There are unemployment benefits for you if laid off in a temporary industrial lull. There are pension plans sponsored by management or by unions and Social Security for the elderly There is insurance for many when bad health strikes. Medicare for the aged is just over the horizon. The government also is pledged now to try by its fiscal policies to keep incomes rising and employment as high as possible. Today the middle income class is strikingly larger than before World War n. BANNED SPIRIT Absinthe, a flavored spirit, has been banned in many countries, including the United States, because its predominant ingredient is wormwood, which is habit forming and can cause mental deterioration, according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica. The National Whirligig fty lleClut* NMrapapw •yn<tte>M> By ANDREW TULLT WASHINGTON — I suppose this will get me dropped from my club, but the thought o c curs that it is time somebody said a good word about kids. Even If they were all in t h e secret pay of the Kremlin, they couldn't possibility be as b a s as the professional tongue cluck- ers claim. Pick up any newspaper or magazine these days, and all you get is a lot of jazz from experts giving kids the bad mouth. They're pictured as a horde of monsters with funny hairc u t s who'll all end up in the electric chair if they don't get shot dead by the cops in the meantime. They are allegedly spoiled by their parents and neglected by the authorities They see too much TV and don't read enough books. They get too much spending money. They're selling nuclear bombs to Mao Tse tung and marijauna to the kindergarten set. ft ft ft NOT ALL BAD — Possibly I am influenced of late, by having been exposed to a couple of graduation ceremonies featuring, for me, two junior citizens who address me as Paw. Skip has picked himself up a four- year scholarship, at Fordham University, and Sheila maneuvered her way through colle g e with a B average, to emerge with a good education and her black-eyed charm intact But in looking over the crop, i t seemed to me that even those tads who claim no kinship with this house are first-class human beings. They are not only steeped in Greek and French and physics —they are nice people. T h eir dress is neat and their manners are good. They address ther elders as "sir" and "ma'am. 1 They listen respectfully even when the speaker is somebody's parent. They know who's President and they are articulate in explaining how he should run the country. They can order a meal in a restaurant, and most of them are better drivers than the aged adults of my ken. ft ft ft YOUTHFUL EXPOSURE — In short, like the kids In most generations, they have survived all the pernicious influences that supposedly had doomed them to maltrlculatlon in some reform school. They have not been made bestial by comic books, and their reaction to the awkward cruelties of TV Is one oi sardonic appraisal, not imitation. They know about sex, but they accept this knowledge with the same equanimity they show toward the lessons of Euclid and Homer. This should not be as surprising to their parents as it seems to be. When I was a kid I read every forbidden book I could lay my hands on, starting with the adventures of one Nlc Carter and proceeding to Havelock Ellis. The juveniles in my middle- class New England neighborhood traded magazines with titles like "Sexy Detective" and "Trut Confessions," and some of the newsstands did a flourishing business in "art" books which were pure pornography. ft -* ft NO SCARS — We saw movies like "It" and "Bad Girl." Clara Bow would be arrested today If she held her kisses as long as she did in my adolescense. I didn't sleep well for weeks after seeing thrillers like "The Bat" and "The Hunchback of Notre Dame."But none of this trash left any lasting scars, largely because of teachers like Thecla Fitzgerald, who taught me both English and a respect for knowledge. Happily, there are still a few Thecla Fitzgeralds extant, as the present crop indicates. But I suspect my childhood was a happier time because it occurred before it became stylish to regard all kids as untidy blackguards. Our parents dealt out the woodpile details with a heavy hand and whaled us when we were too bad, but they did not fancy themselves as curbstone Freuds, all the time trying to remember if we had hated our hobby horse at age seven. The kid's big problem today is that his elders expect him to act like a grownup— which is often too heavy a burden even for grownups. Record of the Past 10 YEARS AGO — Temperatures: High 71, low 45 . . . . Roland Vans 1 y k e, superintendent at Omro, Wis.; has been retained as new principal of the Hurley High School, Supt. J. E. Murphy revealed. . . .Jean Ann Michela, Norma Rita Gastino, and Marie Louise F i n co, graduates of the A. D. Johnston High School, Bessemer, received their degrees at commencement exercises at the College of St. Scholastica, Duluth. 20 YEARS AGO — Temperatures: High 61, low 49 . . . . Cold weather throughout May and early June has greatly retarded the haycrop. Nevertheless farmers are urged to make plans to cut hay as early a s practicable . . . .Winners of the Veterans of Foreign Wars Auxiliary essay contest entitled, "What Americanism Means To Me," are Jane Van Slyck, Paul Lloyd Johnson and David Pudas. Timely Quotes In my judgment, it would ignore reality to believe that race would not be a major factor, if not the controlling factor, in any referendum on the apportionment question in several of our states for a considerable time to come. —Former Justice Dept. civil rights chief Burke Marshall, on the Supreme Court's "one man, one vote" ruling. I think a guy should know what he's doing. When a man asks for a girl's name, I ask if he's sure this girl is forever. —Jack Dracula, a Philadelphia tattoo artist. USE DATLY GLOBE WANT-ADS WHEN A FAMILY GOES SHOPPING..! 'Another Prime Timt For a Checkbook! Convenience and greater safety are outstanding features of a checking account... 24 hours a day! With one of our checkbooks in pocket or purse, our depositor is prepared to make purchases without the risks that go with carrying top much cash. (He or she can pay bills, quickly and conveniently, by mail too!) Open a checking account here NOWi

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