WuJournal 103rd YEAR NO. 103 FERGUS FALLS,MINNESOTA5f537 THURSDAY, APRIL 29, 1974 SINGLE COPY lie HHH still a non-candidate VFW DONATES FLAG — A new Bicentennial flag flying at the Fergus Falls Post Offk« was a gift this week from the VFW Post and Auxiliary. Postmaster Earl Loeffler, center, receives the flag from Virginia Presubn and Norman Kingstrom, co-chairmen of VFW Bicentennial observances. (Journal photo by Harley Oyloe) WASHINGTON (AP) - Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey, rejecting an old familiar siren call, today announced he Kill not seek the Democratic presidential nomination. While leaving the door open for a draft nomination, Humphrey said he will seek re-election to the Senate and will not enter New Jersey's June primary. "In the past I've said I would not enter the primaries," Humphrey declared. "I've also said if at the time of the Democratic convention my party needs me and wants me 1 would be prepared and honored to be the Democratic presidei.tial nominee." Humphrey said he would stand by that statement. Earner, in Trenton, N.J., the Democratic state chairman had said Humphrey would not enter the state's primary. The announcement by Chairman James P. Dugan preceded by a few minutes a news con- i«wite Humphrey called in the Senate Caucus Room in Wash- ington, a traditional forum for lines for the others have launching presidential cam- passed, paigns. Humphrey was met by a Several sources close to the crowd of reporters and the senator had said they expected glare of television lights as he him to enter the race for the arrived this morning at his Senate office. He smiled, shook Democratic nomination. Humphrey, meanwhile, huddled privately for the second straight day with close friends and political advisers. The Minnesota Democrat scheduled his news conference for 1:30 p.m. EOT. The sources said they expect Humphrey tn begin his campaign by entering the New Jersey primary. The deadline for filing is 4 p.m. EDTtoday. New Jersey is the last of the presidential primaries Humphrey could enter since filing dead- Debate is conf inu/ng CIA watchdog plan rejected WASHINGTON (AP) - The Senate intelligence committee's catalogue of a variety of domestic intelligence abuses marks the end of its investigation and the beginning of a fight over whether a special congressional panel should monitor spy agencies. In a 396-page report released Wednesday, the committee detailed previously disclosed abuses such as CIA domestic spying, the FBI's Cointelpro program and the National Security Agency's eavesdropping. "All this occurred because intelligence agencies were ordered to break the I aw, felt they had a right to break the law, and even felt they had a duly... to break the law," Sen. Walter F. Mondale, D-Minn., a member of the committee, said after release of the report. The intelligence panel declared that "intelligence activities which undermine in- dividual rights must end" and made a total of 36 recommendations, including the formation of a strong congressional panel to guard against future spy agency, abuses. Without the new watchdog panel, "the great work of this committee will have been lost," said Mondale. But within hours of Mondale's remarks, the Senate Rules Committee voted to gut that recommendation by stripping all budgetary and legislative authority from the proposed watchdog panel. Rules Committee member Dick ClarX, D-Iowa, called the 5 to 4 vote "a direct repudiation" of the intelligence panel's findings that the government used bugging, burglary and blackmail to collect vast information on the private lives and political beliefs of Americans. The Rules Committee adopted instead a substitute terrorist activities; proposed by chairman Howard —That all past intelligence W. Cannon, D-Nev., to convert Graba appointed to state education post Joseph P. Graba, state representative from Wadena, has been appointed state Deputy Commissioner of Education by Commissioner of Education Howard B. Casmey, effective July 1. Graba will succeed Farley D. Bright, who will retire after 19 years with the department. Graba will be one of two deputy commissioners in the department. His responsibilities will include administrative management and legislative relations. Graba is serving his third term as a legislator, representing District 10-B. It covers 36 townships in Otter Tail County including Pelican Rapids, Parkers Prairie, Henning, Perham and New York Mills. A graduate of Bemidji State University, he also has served as a biology teacher at Wadena High School since 1961. Graba has been chairman of the state aids division of the House of Representatives education committee for four years and he is the current chairman of the Education Committee for the Midwest Conference of the Council of State Governments. He is a member of the Governor's Education Council and a former member of Ihe Minnesota Federation of Teachers executive council and of the Slate Education Department advisory task force on environmental education. Graba is a native of Sebeka. He and his wife, Sylvia, have four children — Jess and Jeff, both seven; Jenny, six; and Jody, four. The Education Department has requested a salary of $30,595 a year for Graba's post but the salary has not yet been approved by the Stale Personnel Board. the proposed watchdog panel to a study group with no legislative or budgetary powers. Clark, along with most of the members of the intelligence committee, vowed, in Mondale's words, "to Fight very, very vigorously" when the issue reaches the Senate floor within the next two weeks. Clark predicted that the Senate would not take up the issue of revealing the U.S. spy budget, another recommendation of the intelligence committee, until it has resolved the problem of what type of permanent intelligence committee it wants. Two Republican members of the intelligence panel, vice chairman John Tower of Texas and Sen. Barry Goldwater of Arizona, have announced their opposition to creation of a new intelligence committee. The nine other members of the committee appear united in their support of such a panel. Both Tower and Goldwater are members of the Armed Services Commiltee, which traditionally has been responsible for monitoring activities of the CIA, Defense Intelligence Agency and NSA. Sen. Richard S. Schweiker, R-Pa., a member of the intelligence committee, declared Wednesday that "Congress bears a heavy responsibility for ignoring its constitutional oversight role." In its domestic spying report, the intelligence panel recommended: —That CIA, NSA and military intelligence agencies be barred from domestic security activity except in cases involving their employes; —That Ihe FBI be required to obtain a judicial warrant before using wiretaps, break-ins or mail openings in domestic investigations; —That NSA be required to obtain a warrant before monitoring "any communications to, from or about an American'' unless it involves foreign spy or data collected through illegal techniques be locked up and destroyed. The report, which contained few new revelations of government wrongdoing, made the following major findings: —"Too many people have been spied upon by too many government agencies." FBI headquarters has over 500,000 domestic intelligence files; the CIA opened nearly a quarter million letters; NSA obtained millions of private telegrams; the Army made intelligence files on about 100,000 Americans; the Internal Revenue Service created files on 11,000 persons and groups because of their political beliefs. • —"Intelligence agencies have collected vast amounts of information about the intimate details nf citizens' lives and about their participation in legal and peaceful political '(CIA) Continued on page 18 hands with tourists and told the reporters: "No questions." "Are you planning a trip to Trenton?" Humphrey was asked. Trenton is the capital of New Jersey, and the reference was to the possibility that Humphrey might enter the upcoming New Jersey primary. "Oh, my!" Humphrey replied and disappeared into his office. The Senate Caucus Room, with its plush red carpet, marble walls and Corinthian columns, was where John and Robert Kennedy announced their candidacies for the presidency. It was where Sen. Henry M. Jackson, D-Wash., announced his current campaign for the White House. The Senate Watergate committee held its hearings seated at a long wooden table covered with green felt under the room's huge chandeliers with glass globes. Spectators filled its wooden benches decorated with carved eagles. Humphrey, asked if he will run for the Democratic nomination, said Wednesday, "It will be decided tomorrow." His comment came as he emerged from a meeting with some of his closest political friends. Humphrey went into the meeting in his Senate offices Wednesday, saying, "I have not as yet reached any change in my position and I am not at all sure thatI shall." Bui emerging almost 2lj hours later, he said, "I'll be having something to tell you tomorrow." There is a time factor involved in the decision because of momentum building behind former Georgia Gov. Jimmy Carter, who posted a strong win in the Pennsylvania primary on Tuesday. And today was the filing deadline for the June 8 New Jersey primary, the last place Humphrey can challenge Carter before the voters. Fearing time may be running out, the group led by Minneapolis businessman and longtime Humphrey supporter Robert Short pleaded with the Minnesota senator on Wednesday to make a move to give his followers a rallying point. They asked Humphrey to al least let them begin forming a campaign, even if he isn't ready to announce his candidacy. Under federal election laws, formation of such a committee would make Humphrey an official candidate. Short said he proposed to Humphrey the creation of an exploratory committee, which could begin raising money, lining up political support and building a campaign organization. Humphrey has. vetoed past U.S. may reinstate FFCC students' visas ByPATWALKUP . Family Living Editor Six foreign students at Fergus Falls Community College who have been threatened with deportation because of their involvement in a college work-study program will probably be allowed to remain in the United States. Hal Leland, college counselor, reports that he is now optimistic about the students' situation after meeting Wednesday with Jay Palmer, director of Immigration Ser- Ward meetings rate city planning ByRUTHNORKIS City Editor Fergus Falls residents are strongly in favor of more industrial development, favor more apartment buildings but worry about their location, and are divided on the question of more parking area downtown. That, anyway, is the picture that is beginning to emerge i.'. ward meetings being conducted this week. About 30 second ward residents gathered last night to talk about the kind of city they'd like to live in. What kind of growth the city should encourage hasn't been defined by responses at the meetings so far. Although most participants say the city should encourage growth, they were divided on whether it should be JOSEPH P. GRABA On the Inside Wagon train report. Page 5 Area happenings. Page 9 Arts and crafts show set June 12. Pages On the local scene. Page 11 What's new at Ihe museum. Page 12 slower or more rapid. Industrial expansion has been favored by a 10-1 margin. On commercial development, however, the picture is more clouded. Opinion is split on whether developments on the fringe of the city should be encouraged, or if downtown cohesiveness is more important City planner Karen May, who has moderated the meetings, commented that so far, city residents seem to be saying that they want both. The chief barrier to expansion of any kind for the city, according lo May, is the housing shortage. Vacancy- rates in apartmenlshere run at about two percent, she noted, while six percent is considered a healthy rale. "People in this town don't have a prejudice against apartment houses," she observed. "They have problems when it comes to deciding where they should be located." Responses at the ward meetings have shown that 12- plexes are the size most acceptable, on the whole. Questionaires indicated that (Ward) Continued nn page IS vice with the U.S. Department of Immigration in St. Paul. The students, Zenebech ("I") Eshetu of Ethiopia, Ebenezer Sackey of Guana, Yuc Kwon (Steven) Kwok of Hong Kong, Ali Narianani of Iran and Mitsu Katayama and Yuuji YamaWta of Japan, had previously received tellers ordering Ihem lo leave the United States on or before May 4. The immigration office sent the deportation letters after having ruled that the students violated immigration laws by working without work permits. As participants in a work- study program that is a cooperative project of Ihe college and Fergus Falls State Hospital, the students received lodging in state hospital buildings and worked 15 hours a week as hospital aides. The program is offered for credit through the college Sociology Department, but the immigration office believed that the students were receiving benefits for their work that were beyond the scope of most work-study programs. This, it was ruled, conslituled a violation. Leland reports that after he and Alvi Borgen, assistant personnel manager for Ihe hospital, met with Palmer, he believes it is safe to assume that the office will change its ruling on the case and reinstate the students' visas. Borgen adds that the immigration office will also be reviewing the work-study program to determine if, in the future, foreign students will be allowed to participate without endangering their sludent status. He expects to hear from officials within ten days, but says that in the meanlime, the foreign students will not be working and must move from their quarters at the hospital in order to comply with the present ruling. Two other FFCC students, Tsedal (Sadie) Belete and Hirul (Ruin) Tegene, bolh from Ethiopia, also received deportation lelters because of their work at the Pioneer Home. They were not participating in a work-study program. Leland says the immigration will also be reconsidering their cases. In some of the students' cases, he noted, Palmer indicated thai it would be possible for an individual to file for political asylum. Specifically applicable lo students from Ethiopia, where political strife prevents the students' families from sending them any more funds, political asylum would allow the individual to remain in the country and work full lime if necessary. Leland also reports that he received a clarification on immigration office policy that will allow Milsu Katayaraa, an art student, lo sdl Ihe art work which he is currently exhibiting al the college. Because the works were complded as part of a class project and not as a business or for commission, Katayama may sell them without violating immigration laws. Another topic of the Wednesday meeling was Ihe possibility of a seminar for college officials from the area and immigration officials to discuss immigration policies that pertain specifically lo foreign students and college programs that are available to foreign studenls. proposals for a "draft Humphrey" committee, but in a television interview Wednesday he said a plan like the one proposed by Start was a possibility. Some Humphrey supporters, however, demand that he plunge full lilt into Ihe campaign now, beginning with an active race in New Jersey. There already is a slate of uncominilteu 1 delegates in New Jersey, which is considered favorable to Humphrey. Report on King released WASHINGTON (AP) - Atty. Gen. Edward II. Levi said today a seven-month Justice Department inquiry has discovered no evidence that the FBI's investigation of Dr. Martin l-uther King's assassination was faulty. Nevertheless, the attorney general ordered a continued renew of all Justice Department records on the slain civil righls leader. Levi apparenlly rejected one key recommendalkm of Asst. Atty. Gen. J. Stan'ey Potlinger thai, a committee outside the government renew the investigation of King's murder. King was shot by a man carrying a high-pow ered rifle as he stood outside a Memphis, Tenn. motel room April 4,1968. Pottir.ger, head of the Justice Department's civil rights division, began an internal inquiry last November in the wake of disclosures that the FBI had wiretapped and continually harassed King on orders Irom Ihe late FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover. In his report completed April 9, Pottinger said there was no indication that the FBI was involved in the King assassination. Nor, said Levin in a statement, was there any evidence "discovered that Ihe FBI investigation of the assassination of Dr. King was not thorough and honest..." [King i Continued on page 18 Senate antl-abort/on proposal defeated '.W.V.W.V.'.V.'.V.V .Xv-v-.-.V.VAV.V.^V.'.V.V.V.V.V. 1 . V.V.V.'.V.V.V.V.V. afefciffiss^ Heritage symbol commissioned Attempted murder trial opens The trial of Laurence Lee Jensen, Moorhead, charged with two counts of attempted first degree murder in an incident at Pelican Lake last fall, opened Wednesday. George Rohde, 70, and his wife Mary, H. testiiied that Jensen came to their Pelican Lake home, claiming to be out of gas, last Oct. 16. They had not seen him since he lost his position as lay leader of their Jehovah's Witnesses congregation a year and a half before. The Rohdes said they attempted to help Jensen find gas. but an assault followed in which both were sprayed with Mace, George shot twice and Mary bealcn severely. Both were able to reach neighbor's homes and received medical attention in lime. The case is being heard by Judge Charles \V. Kennedy because Jensen waived jury trial. Cour.ly Attorney Harlan Nelson is prosrculin^ and defense attorney is John Qyam of Detroit lake's. WASHINGTON lAP) - The aulhor of a proposed con- stitulional amendment lo outlaw all abortions says he's undaunted by the Senate's rcjec- lion of Ihe proposal and will be back in a 'few weeks with a new one. Claiming "this is only the beginning," Sen. Jesse Helms, R- N.C., said he'll seek Senate action on a less restrictive version that would permit abortions if continuing a pregnancy would endanger the life of the mother. However, the Sc na le 's 47to W vote Weiliesday against con- sidering Helms' first version of Ihe proposed amendmenl was generally viewed as a setback to antiabortion groups pressing for congressional action. Sen. Birch Bayh, D-Ind., who led the battle to table the proposal, claimed Congress should support the landmark 1973 Supreme Courl decision invalidating some stale antiabortion laws. Bayh said the judiciary subcommittee he chairs had held 16 days of hearings on Helms' plan and similar proposals, deciding last September against recommending any of them. Helms' parliamentary maneuver to bring his proposal directly to a floor vote was depicted by Bayh as an attempt "lo ihwart the normal oper- alions of the Senate." But in an emotional appeal to his colleagues, Helms said the number of abortions has risen dramatically since Ihe 1973 decision. He urged the Senate to "put an end to this wholesale destruction of life." His proposal, requiring two- thirds approval in both Senate and House and ratification by three-fourths of the 50 state legislatures, would have had the effect of overturning lhat 1973 decision. It would endow "every human being" with a right to life "from the moment of fertilization" and would give Congress and states the power to enforce anti-abortion laws. Many critics claimed the proposal was too restrictive — outlawing all forms of abortion for any reason. Sen. Jacob Javits, RiN.Y., said it "will set us back in the middle ages." And Bayh complained that it would give grealer rights to unborn fetuses than lo pregnant women. Helms said he thinks he can pick up some votes by seeking action on a less restrictive measure with an exemption allowing abortions to protect the life of the mother. "We didn't really expect to win this one, it was just a test vote on the senliment of the Senate," Helms told a reporter. He said he would again seek a direct floor vote on the new version. A new symbol commissioned by the Fergus Falls Heritage Preservation Commission will be used to denole locations and structures which have been designated as historically important by Ihe commission. The abstracted forms ol the symbol designed by Keiser Associates AIA portray the historic origins of Fergus Fall?. The river and the falls provided a polenlial mill sile and sel- tlenrent. The sun and the sky are symbolized to show that nature prevails no matter what man and society erect. The- symbol aims !o convey Ihe triumph of man and the endurance of the earth. The commission plans to display Ihe symbol at locations and structures thai have bcvn designated historic in Ihe city Weather roundup Considerable cloudiness with slight chance of a few showers tonighl and crance of showers Friday, l««s tonight 3845. Hifhs Friday »61. Winds west to southwest &-15 miles per hour lonighl. Chance of moisture 20 percent tonight and Friday Hith Wedr.estay 65. OvuniRhl Iiw *2. At S a.m. 52. At Naon 64. Precipita'.ion 24 hours ending 8 H.m today, none. Temperatures One Year Ago Maximum 46. Minimum «!>.
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