The Austin Daily Herald from Austin, Minnesota on December 17, 1958 · Page 15
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The Austin Daily Herald from Austin, Minnesota · Page 15

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Austin, Minnesota
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Wednesday, December 17, 1958
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Page 15
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By PAVI OWiN Under THE Haystack Group Giving to OHitn Rtmindi Ui 'It'i Mort Sltifid to Girt,..' TEXAN CHAUeNQtS FARM SUBSIDIES IN J. THE EXCHANGE of Christffiai lifts is giving way to group giving la several organizations this year. The latest to five up a gift exchange is the Austin PFA Chapter. In other years, the boys exchanged gifts (SO cents maximum) but decided instead to contribute the money they would spend. At their recreational meeting Monday, the boys raised 120 which will b* used to buy a gift for a needy family. The boys are going to select a family and then de* cide whether the cash or some pur* chase would be more suitable. Other groups this year have COO- ROBERT BERG 'IT Names New Poultry Agent Robert W. Berg, Barron, Wls., has taken up duties aa poultry specialist for the University of Minnesota Agricultural Extension Service. Berg has the position formerly held by Miss Cora Cooke, who retired last June. Berg will work with other extension specialists, county extension workers and farm county extension workers and fanners on poultry production and marketing, Skull Rutford, extension director, said. Originally from Welch, Berg is a 1935 graduate of Red Wing High School. He attended the University of Minnesota during three different periods, earning his B. S. In 1941, his M. S. in 1950 and hli Ph. D. in poultry breeding in 1963. From 1953 until recently, ha was a geneticist and hatchery manager for the Jerome Turkey hatchery at Barron. Fewer Eggs, More Milk in November Egg production on Minnesota farms during November 1958 was 323 million eggs, slightly less than a year ago and 9 per cent below the record 356 million eggs produced in November 1959. The 10-year (1948-57) average November production is 309 million eggs. The number of layers continued below last year, but production per layer was nearly four per cent above the previous November high established in 1956. Minnesota farm milk production totaled 634 million pounds, a record high for November. This compares with the November 1957 output of 606 million pounds and November 1956 with 696 million pounds. Milk production for January through November is 123 million pounds or one per cent above the same period last year. The 194867 average production f o r the month la 535 million pounds. Production per cow during the trlbuted funds to CAMS, the Salvation Army and the Auitin Assn. for Mentally Retarded instead of exchanging gifts among themselves. FARMERS UNION members from the Adams area toured the Grain Terminal Exchange, Farm- era Union office building and Central Exchange Tuesday, The group traveled by bus. A GUERNSEY BULL once part of the Crestwctod Farm herd of Carl Kehret is back in the news again.. He Is Cla-Ore Knight's Basil, sold by Kehret to Consolidated Breed- era Cooperative a few years ago. He mad* headlines when the cooperative paid $5,000 for Basil. Now, Basil is a summarized sire. He has 18 tested daughters that have SI official record!. The average production is 8,999 pounds milk and 604 pounds butterfat converted to a 805-day mature equivalent. A NEW METHOD of combatting leptospirosis, a disease first detected in U. S. swine herds only eight years ago, has been cleared by the Federal Food and Drug Administration. The agency cleared a claim that the addition of aureomycin chlortetracycline to swine rations at a level of 400 grams per ton of feed would reduce losses caused by lepto. American Cyanamid Co. made application for the clearance after work at the University of California. As accepted by the FDA, the month was November. at a record high for WITH OUR 6000 6 AS •R? HEAT TWEIRPt ACES, THESE PEOPLE ALL HAVE SMIUN6 FACES w, TM fin URAL feeding method calls for addition of 400 grams Aureo to dally rations as soon as lepto Is detected or suspected. The program should >e continued at least 14 days but the mntibotlc must be removed rom the feeds at least 10 days before the pigs are sold for daughter. THE BLACKS WON again at the International Livestock Show. The Aberdeen Angus Assn. points out hat the Angus won all the interred steer grand championships this year for the 16th time. "Grand champion was "Holy Cow," owned by Chuck Wood Jr., of Spencer, Iowa. HERE'S A PROPOSAL advanced by Jack Sampler, editor of National Livestock Producer, which we report with endorsement or comment: "Give each and every one of the four million babies born annually a mixed case of canned baby meats (beef, veal, pork and lamb) which would give the infant a head start on his lifetime meat quota of 8 steers, 4 veal calves, 10 lambs and 33 hogs. Livestock producers should be the donors." Re got the idea from San Diego where on Father's Day, the wifes of the cattle feeders on the West :oast give the parents of the first baby born in San Diego County a rib roast that matches the baby's birth weight. At 10^ pound baby means a 10V4 pound roast. THE PREFIX "White Spruce" las been reserved for Alvin and Denta Brand, Rushford, by the American Guernsey Cattle Club. IF YOUR HOUSE has some unwanted insect guests this winter, and if you have a fireplace, they may have entered with the logs. While anoying, these pests aren't destructive, the National Pest Control Assn., tells us. Anyway, we don't have a fireplace. North Winds Can Cause Dysentery Biting, northerly winds which force cattle into barns for the winter also usher in the danger season for winter dysentery of cattle, the American Foundation for Animal Health warned today. This disease may affect both SALLtflAW, Okla. ~ (NBA) - ft'i a JW-wiile drive ttm Calls* to the bankj of the Arkansas ttiver south of Aalllsaw, and Itt the cab of • ranch pickup truck It's a long, buftipy and tiring trip. But this doesn't seem to bother the driver. J. Evetts Haley Jr., perhaps because he is traveling on the heady excitement of fighting a court battle in Dallas again* st the U. S. government which may set new* rules for running American agriculture. Although only $SM.ll in cash is at stake, a large principle Is, and as this reporter rides along with Haley through the rolling plains and valleys of northeastern Texas it is obvious that principle is paramount to this 26-year-old rancher. The case is a suit by the tf. S. government seeking to collect penalties from Haley and his father for having planted and harvested 43 acres of wheat in 1956 without a government acreage allotment. Dismisses ftatt Federal Judge T. Whitefield Davidson has dismissed the suit after a two-day trial, declaring: "1 can find no constitutional amendment authorizing Congress to tell the farmer what to plant, what to eat or how to work." Washington announces it will appeal the ruling, aince if it remains standing, it could threaten the entire structure of crop control and crop subsidy under which the Federal government runs American agriculture. And Haley aays he'll fight the government "as long as the money holds out." How did this young husband and father get Involved in a costly and time-consuming conflict with the monolithic U. S. government? beef and airy cattle from November to March. Veterinary medical authorities said that while whiter dysentery may spread rapidly through a herd, causing substantial economic loss, the actual death rate is very low. Winter scours, aa the disease is sometimes called, appears suddenly. In many cases only one animal shows symptoms at the outset, but the disease quickly spreads to other animals. The most prominent symptom of winter dysentery is scours. The disease does not affect the animal's appetite in all cases. In severe cases abdominal pain may be evidenced by twitching of the tail, uneasiness, kicking at the abdomen and lying down and getting up at frequent intervals. Winter dysentery causes millions of dollars in losses each year as the result of loss of weight, dehydration and a sharp drop in milk production. The disease may affect cattle of all ages, but calves and young cattle seem to be Determined, Independent Part of the explanation lies in his heritage. Haley comes from « long line of Texans and cattlemen. It's a combination that more often tha not produces determination and independence. Haley, whose rugged good looks would fit him for a film Western role, talks quietly as we drive: "When I planted this wheat in 1956 I had no idea or intention of bucking or testing this allotment law. I never even thought about it. I was thinking only of raising feed for my cattle. "About the only thing I recalled about the agriculture allotment law was that it only applied if Heavier Cattle May Not Pay Extra Feed Bill Better watch fat cattle prices closely before deciding to put more weight on already-fat cattle. The additional income gained from heavier weights probably won't pay for the increased feed costs needed to put on that extra gain. Kenneth Egertson, extension livestock marketing specialist at the University of Minnesota, said there are more heavy cattle .this fall meaning there may be increase: price pressure on them now. Already, many buyers have been paying somewhat less per pound for animals over 1,100 pounds. However, prices on lighter, more ac ceptable cattle should remain firm to slightly strong. There are about 12 per cent more cattle on feed in the 13 ma jor feeding states than there were a year ago. And the largest per centage increase is in heavy cattle—about 45 per cent more cattle weighing 1,100 pounds and i.... compared to last year. Cattle weighing 900 to 1,100 pounds In creased 20 per cent, while there are only 3 per cent more light er steers, heifers and calves. Egertson says the feeder cattle supply is about the same as a year ago, but demand is much greater As a result, prices are about $3!H> higher and no sharp break n these prices is expected this fall. PARENTS BEAT CHAIRMAN KOCHI, Japan (AP) — Fifty angry parents mobbed and beat he chairman of the leftist Japan Teachers Union Monday because of strikes that interrupted their children's schooling. less susceptible than older mals. aid- Haley vs. the Government , V; ',: . , HALEY FEEDS WHEAT — Wheat, not the controversial wheat he raised in 1956, is fed by J. Evetts Haley, Jr., to steers he is fattening on his Oklahoma ranch. the constitutionality of Agriculture Act. Haley ou planned to sell the wheat. But ince I had no intention of selling the wheat, only to feed it to my cattle, I didn't check into the jossible results." No Wheat Allotments What were the results? "I received a notice from the ocal Agriculture Stabilization and lad no allotment to grow wheat, and they were coming out to mea- ure my crop. "After that first visit, I posted my land and began'a thorough check of the agriculture program. After really digging into it, I decided that under the Bill of Rights, he government had no business elling me what I could or could not raise on my land. I decided to fight." No Governement Aid Despite reverses, the Haleys have refused to take one cent of of government drought or conservation payments. In fact, young Haley pins his hopes for final victory in his fight on the fact that he has "never taken anything from the government." He claims this sets him apart from the farmer in the famous ass of Wickard vs Filburn, in which the Supreme Court upheld the 1938 explains: "In that case, farmer Filburn ;ook every subsidy in the book; [ have never taken anything from :he government. So the effect of he court's ruling, as I interpret it, is that the government can control that which it subsidizes. This Seed Growers Set Certified Sale Policies Sale policies for seed of three of the newer crop varieties have been established by the University of Minnesota's Agricultural Ex periment station. According to Carl Borgeson University agronomist, the policies cover certified and registered Ar ny flax, Burnett oats and Comet soybeans raised this year by ap proved growers under memoran dum of agreement with the Uni jersity. To be sold by these growers are some 5,000 bushels of Arny flax 105,000 bushels Burnett oats and some 35,000 bushels of Comet soy beans. The majority of this seed is certified and will be available to commercial producers. Howev er, certified seed producers w i I get preference in sale of register ed seed. Maximum prices per bushel are registered Arny flax, $6, certifi ed, $5.60; registered Burnett oats $3, certified, $2.50; registered Com et soybeans, $4.50 and certified, $4 Borgeson points out that these prices allow for fluctuations between areas in the state and fo variations that may occur between now and spring. Growers selling this seed wil reserve 90 per cent of their crop for other Minnesota growers unt: Dec. 1 for registered seed an until Nov. 15 for certified stocks Maximum prices, however, w i 1 apply regardless of when the see is sold. Arny is a Minnesota • develop ed variety, Burnett comes from Iowa and Comet soybeans wer developed in Canada. s not to be construed that I favor ils decision, because I am op- osed to the principle of all Fedral subsidies or other involvement in the business of the sove'r- ign states and their individual itizens." Wouldn't the absence of subsidies lot of his friends into bankruptcy? ave forced a nd neighbors Haley admits that it would have appened to a few, but adds: "No one can be guaranteed sue- ess by-the Federal government. I on't think it's right for some- ne who lives in the city like r ou do to be taxed in order to give me an income. The govern ment isn't subsidizing you, are they?" "And even if the government eventually wins,- they can't take away from me the wonderful feeling I got by being in that courtroom. "The constitution simple does not provide for a farm program to be carried on by the Federa government. Therefore, under the 10th amendment, the government is specifically denied the right to carry on such a program. Judge Davidson restored the sanctity o the 10th amendment in my case.' Social Security Changes Go In Effect on Jan. 1 Mower county farmers will have ome changes In social security axes and payments next year, Ermond Hartmans, extension farm management specialist at th« Uni- erslty of Minnesota, Raid. Changes include higher payments for persons getting social ecurity, an average increase of even per cent. Monthly payments starting at ge 60 for persons permanently dis- bled an payments to legal de- endants of disabled persons. De- endents must apply for their bene- its at the local social security of- Ice. Higher social security taxes. tarting in January, 1959, the tax ate for employers and employees will be 2V4 per cent each. Self- mployed people, such as farmers, will be 3% per cent. More earnings counting toward ocial security. This year, only the irst $4,200 is taxed. Starting next ear, earnings up to $4,800 will ount toward social security bene- MAN AGAINST THE GOVERNMENT — J. Evetts Haley, Jr. said: "I decided that under the Bill of Right the government had no business .telling me what I could or could not raise on my land." FA3M NEWS its. Payments for disabled persons. f you have been disabled for more than 6 months without ap- ilying for benefits you can get iack payments for the period after •ou were disabled for six months. This back payment can be as much as 12 months. Check at the Austin social security or county agent's office or other changes. Multiple Hog Raising Evens Market Flow Farmers In Mower County and ;lsewhere in Minnesota have one of the best answers to hog market fluctuations at their disposal The answer? Multiple farrowing — at least four or five times per year. It's advantages, according to H. G. Zavoral, extension livestock specialist at the University of Min nesota, are: First, if more farmers spread their farrowing around the calen dar, hog price's wouldn't fluctuate as much. Second, more frequent farrow ing makes for more efficient use of equipment, more pigs in less stalls. Third, evening out farrowing evens out marketing and gives the consumer a steady flow of gocx quality pork. In planning a multiple farrow ing system, figure two litters per sow every 12 months. Then divide the sow herd into two or thre equal groups. If you have tw groups, this will mean a,pig crop every 90 days. Three groups woulc space the farrowings just t w months apart. Let's Visit With Ctrdl Plnnty County Homt Agent Chriifmoi Cookits for Holiday Snacking Ready for your Chrittmai dinner tabtt HERE IT IS — another holiday demands for extra serriflg* by Wednesday, Dec. 17, '58 AUSTIN (Minn.) HERALD-15 Examiners Value Land Taken for Highways (First of Two Articles) £ peal in the local district court Who decides how much a farmer will be paid for land acquired >y "eminent domain" for a new highway right of way? The amount to be paid the landowner Is set by a special board of commissioners, according to E. J. Rowland, engineer of lands and right of way for the Minnesota Department of Highways. This board Is appointed by the local district court at the time of hearing on the state's petition to order taking land for highways. Board members may be local farmers, landowners, bankers, real estate men or other qualified persons. Each must be a resident of the county in which the land is located. If a fanner or other landowner isn't satisfied with the payment amount set by the board of commissioners, he may file an ap- Soil Testing Could Raise Net Farm Income $100 Millions within 40 days after the report of the commissioners is made. An attorney must draw up this appeal. The state, too, can appeal from an award within the same time period if it is dissatisfied with the award of commissioners on any parcel of land. The state's decision to accept or appeal an award is based on property appraisals made by its own staff or independent appraisers and also by the judgment of a right of way engineer and attorney who view the property along with the board of commissioners. Their recommendation together with all appraisals are reviewed by the engineer of lands and right of way and the deputy attorney general for final determination. If there is no appeal by either the landowner or the state, all persons who have an interest in the property are to be paid within about 30 days after the appe?l period expires, or possible two and one-half months after the com' missioners* report is filed. If there is an appeal, payment is made as soon as possible after the jury verdict or appeal settlement. season upon us. My, but these past ew months have flown fast, By now you are probably In the midst of your Christmas baking. Somehow Christmas wouldn't be Christmas without the traditional cookies, candies, and breads. My favorite Christmas cookies are the plain, rolled sugar cookie frosted with a powdered sugar rosting. The frosting can be tinted or left plain white. Colored su- ;ar can be sprinkled on the frost- ng to give it that extra sparkle. [f you do prefer colored frosting, try just barely tinting it so the color is very pastel. You'll be BUT- prised to see bow attractive the pastel colors are! If you find your time is limited but you still want to do some holiday baking, try some bar type cookies. Brownies and eocoanut bars are always favorites along with date bars. These can be cut in small pieces and look more festive. Another bar cookie that is very tasty is "Lemons Mardi Gras Squares." Perhaps you'll want to try this recipe for your Christmas parties. Lemon Mardi Gras Squares tt c butter 1 c white sugar 3 eggs 1 c sifted confectioner's sugar % c lemon Juice 2 tbs. grated lemon rind Vt c pecans l'/4 c sifted flour U tsp. salt % tsp. baking powder Cream the butter and gradually add the white sugar, Add the three egg yolks, one at a time and beat for one minute. Add the sifted dry ingredients (flour, salt, and baking powder) and lemon juice alternately, starting and ending with dry Ingredients. Blend thoroughly after each addition. Add the grat ed lemon rind and chopped pecans mixing well. Beat the three egg whites until soft mounds begin to form. Grad ually add the sifted powdered su gar and . continue beating until stiff straight peaks are fromed. Now fold the egg white mixture into the first mixture mixing thoroughly. Pour into a well greased lightly floured 13 x 9 x 2 inch pan. Bake for 25 to 30 minute at' 400 degrees. Frost while warm with a frosting made of 2 table spoons butter, 1 cup sifted pow dered sugar, and I tablespoon cream. Sprinkle additional choppec pecans over the frosting. Peanut • Bread Stuffing For Petite Turkeys Designed for the petite edition of the giant Tom turkey is Pea nut Bread Stuffing. Crunchy and richly flavored, it complements the more delicate taste of tin Watch out for overhanging hay bales- A falling bale can serious- II your corn, hay and grain fields are returning around $8 per acre, you're probably "losing" two-thirds of your income. This is why: Most Minnesota farmers, by wisely applying fertilizer and adopting better management, could triple their net returns from field crops. This would call for using 5-6 times as much fertiliser as now is being used- Take, for example, s 27-county area of south centra] Minnesota. Average fertilizer ex- ly injure strikes. or kill whoever it penditure is about $1.50 per acre annually in this area. Average crop returns are |8 per acre. Corn has averaged 48-bushel yields dur- ing the past 10 years. There is plenty of research showing these corn yields could be raised to 75-90 bushels per acre according to Ermond Hartmans, extension farm management specialist at the University of Minnesota. This would call for using $3.80 worth of additional nitrogen, $3 more phosphorus and $1.25 more potash per acre. These figures are for a rotation with 40 per cent corn, 15 per cent soybeans, 15 per cent alfalfa snd 20 per cent small grains. The higher yeilds — as a result of the higher fertilizer use—would FRANK J. SMITH New Vegetable Agent on Job Frank J. Smith, Jr., Berkeley, Calif., has been named a vegetable marketing specialist on the staff at the University of Minnesota. He has studied at California State Polythechnic college, Purdue university and the University cf California, where he is now completing work for a Ph. D. in agricultural economics. He started work on his Ph. D. at the University of California at Berkeley in 1952 and 1953 was named a cooperative agent for the U. S. Department of Agriculture and the University. He conducted research on several phases of bar- vesting and marketing lettuce and has written several articles based on these studies. smaller turkey. You may anticipat aklng some of it In the form of sticks on a cookie sheet. These an go Into the oven after re* moving the turkey which should stand for at least 20 minutes be* ore serving. This rest period mak- carving easier and brings the tuffing to a maximum post-oven temperature. As with other poultry, small turkey is done. When the thermon- efore roasting. A meat thermometer inserted between the first and second ribs will be automatically entered in the stuffing eliminating guesswork as to when the tur- is done. When the thermometer registers 165 degrees, the wmemaker can be sure that both the stuffing and the meat are done, Peanut • Bread Staffing For Roast Turkey 4 cup butter or margariM tt eup chopped onion 1 cup chopped celery ;. > quarts soft bread crumbs I cup chopped salted peanuts H cup turkey 5 pound ready-to-cook turkey Melt butter in a skillet; add onion and celery and saute until tender. Pour over soft bread crumbs, peanuts, salt and turkey broth. Rinse turkey in cold water and ?at dry. Spoon 1 cup stuffing into neck cavity, fold neck skin over and skewer together, and lacing it closed. Skewer wings to body until they rest flat against the neck skin. Tie legs together and fasten them to tail. Grease skin with melted shortening. Place turkey on rack in shallow pan. Insert a meat thermometer through the membrane between the first and second ribs, so that end reaches into center of stuffing; Roast uncovered in a slow oven (325 degrees) until thermometer reaches 165 degrees. Yields 10 servings (V4 pound each). 2 Kehret Guernseys Establish Records Carl E. Kehret and Sons,,Austin, are owners of two registered Guernseys that completed Herd Improvement Records under the' University of Minnesota extension service testing program. Princess Darling Rose, a junior four year old, pounds of milk produced 1,944 and 568 pounds butterfat on 365 days, twice a day milking. Crestwood Jean, • junior two- year-old, produced 8,806 pounds milk and 548 pounds butterfat in 365 days, twice a day milking. The records were reported by the American Guernsey Cattle Club. Unless you make our your income tax report carefully and correctly, you may wind up paying more tax than is necessary, increase per acre returns by about $12. For a farm with 200 crop acres, this would boost crop returns by $2400. For the entire 27 counties, such an increase on every farm would. raise net farm income by $100 million. But just dumping on fertilizer wouldn't bring such increases alon The fertilizer would need to be applied according to soil tests, which show specific needs for each i field. Otherwise unneeded nutrients might be wasted. But if applied carefully, each dollar spent for fertilizer will return at least $2 in net profit. PURE PEP & PUHELUBE MOTOR OIL Prompt Tank Wagon Servieo For Balk Gas and Fuel Oil BE SURE A WITH PURE PHONE HE 3*2089 MOWER COUNTY OIL CO, 1202 f. BROWNSOAlf AVI., AUSTIN, MINN. Farrow stronger, htaWiiw pig* for as little as 16i per sovi per day Land Olakes Sow Balancer "32" $4.95 per «wt, A» little as 161 per sow per day for more Jive, pigs! With th* lensiblt pri» of Und O-Lai* Sow Balancer "32" and the pmaeat m*rk*t v«la§ of flora, you feed unborn pigs for pennies. the sow with bigb levels of all plus antibiotic*. Feed only 1J$ Ibs. I*nd O'Lakea Sow B*lanc«r "ft* per sow daily, plus 4 to 6 Ibs. grain. Or, mi* yoor ow» complete ration— 100 Ibs. Sow Balancer to 800 Ibs. grain. Follow Land O'Lakea pig and hog feeding p for you at Land O'Lakea research farm . . , and fraud on thousand* of upper midweat farms. LAND O'LAKES INC. Austin, Minn. 313 I. §Hdgt~Hf 14079 PBODUtt Cm*, Min*. HI7.4J04

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