The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on January 23, 1933 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Monday, January 23, 1933
Page 1
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LAST EDITION LAST EDITION i ' COMPLETE ASSOCIATED MISS LEASED WIRE ,THE.GREAT NEWSPAPER OF THE SOUTHERN SAN JOAQUIN VALLEY FULL AND EXCLUSIVE UNITED PRESS REPORT VOL. XLII 12 PAGES BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, MONDAY, JANUARY 23, 1933 TWO SECTIONS No. 15t AMENDMENT RATIFIED COMMITTEE FAVORS 3.05 BEER, WINE .* ; : = o ->— , : «. •£ OFJEIJIf Major Battles Imminent in Many Portions of ., Province NIPPONESE PLANES ' , ACTIVE IN KAILU Mikado's Cavalrymen in Three Areas Disperse Enemy Forces By MORRIS J. HARRIS (Amnciatcd Press Leafed Wire) CHANQHAI, Jan. 22.—Chinese ur- ^ roles massed In Jehol ahd on 'the borders of that province were reliably estimated today at between 150,000 and 250,000 troops. With indications a major Japanese movement into the Chinese-administered province will begin soon, the Chinese commanders seem eager for a'flght. First complete information on the dispensation of the Chinese forces waa received. Chang Yu-LIn, governor of Jehol, was reported commanding 36,000 In eastern Jehol. Another 50,000 from Kalgan were reported In central and western Jehol. About 10,000 have faced Shanhat- kVan since that Chinese city was occupied by the Japanese on January 3. "Further south on the Shanhalkwan- Pelplng railway were 20,000 between Chlnwungtao and Changll, 50,000 between Changll, where an American mission is located, and T_,wanchow, and 30,000 between Tientsin and the Lwan river. May Draw Near Pelplng An additional 30,000 are reported In the vicinity of Pelplng. about 25 miles south of the southwestern Jehol border. If the Japanese reach Jehol City, capital of the province, they will be In striking: distance of the. old empire capital of Pelplng, now the north China government neat. Foreign opinion was that the Japan- ease easily could disorganize the Chinese military defense for .IStiol by oc- cupyhig Tientsin, port of Pelplng. Uut It was believed they would not risk arousing international feeling by pressing so far south of the great wall. JAPANESE AIRPLANES AND CAVALRY BUSY CHANGCHUN, Manchuria, Jan. 23. (A. P.)—Renewed Jupanese air bomb- Ings of Chinese military conccntra- tlonaMn. the Kallu district in northeast Jehol province on Saturday and Sunday and continued Japanese cavalry activities In the Chtnhsi region, on the southeast Jehol border, wore reported today from the Slno-Japanese front* .Japanese general headquarters re- t»orted more Chinese troops were entering, the disputed province of Jehol (under Chinese administration for centuries but now claimed by Japan to be "an integral part" of the new state of ' Manchukuo). Military chiefs expressed the opinion that major Jap(Continued on Page Two) THE WEATHER San FranclBco bay region—Partly cloudy* tonight; Tuesday becoming unsettled with! rain; cool; gentle northwest wlnfl. Northern California — Partly cloudy tonight with rain extreme south portion and lute tonight on extreme north coast; Tuesday un- setUed, followed by rain. Snow In the mountains; moderate northwest winds offshore backing to southerly and Increasing Tuesday. " Sierra Nevada—Occasional snow tonight and Tuesday; no change in , temperature; moderate westerly wlnctoi, , Sacramento and Santa Clara val- », »Jeys—Partly cloudy tonight; Tues- 'day becoming unsettled followed by ram; cool; gentle variable winds. :' San Jonquin valley—Generally cloudy tonight with rain In south portion; .'Tuesday unsettled followed by rain; cool; gentle varla- bli winds. ^Southern California — Partly oloitt'y tonight und Tue»dny; at times unnattlod In west portion: cool;-gentle to mod'-rato west nnd northwest winds offuhoro. Would Remove Some of Pardoning Powers of State's Executive Italy Takes Step Toward Revision of Debts to U.S. -<*> •$>- (United Press Leased Wire) WASHINGTON. Jan. 23.—The first tentative step toward revision of the Italian war debt was taken today when Ambassador Augusto Rosso called on Secretary of State Stlmson and Inquired about the prospects of debt discussions after March 4. The ambassador's visit was highly significant as it marked the first approach from Italy to the United States on revising Its 12,000,000,000 war debt. TEACHERS NOT PAID 58 Per Cent of All School Districts Operating •With Deficits . {Associated Press Leased Wire) CLEVELAND, Jan. 23.—Financially embarrassed Ohio schools were described by the State Education Association today as operating on "good faith" with 10,000 teachers unpaid to dare and 58 per cent of all school districts operating with deficits. One official termed tho situation "pessimistic." It is worse, he said, In nonstato aid school districts than In those given financial assistance by tho state.- ' | "All the schools," he said, "are operating on good faith—how much faith we don't know." "We do know, however, that creditors of teachers have readied the point where they are commencing to tighten up. Even the landlady frowns on jher. When the credit of the teacher finally Is strangled, It can mean but one thing—the closing of tho schools." The state department of education hf» a list of school districts In which past-due bills, both for salaries and operating expenses, approximate $3,500,000. It blamed most of the'difficulty on delinquent taxes and revision of tho tax duplicate. Finance Director Howard ti. Bevls, however, said a large part of the deficit In state-aid districts has accumulated "from tho time of Adam" due to "the extravagance of the local school boards." Ha Is willing:, he said, to pay back salaries. • »e» (Associated Press Leased Wire) OACRAMENTO, Jan. S3.—Assembly- kJ man Albert F. Ross of Redding Introduced a constitutional amendment in tho Legislature today tq de- prlvo the governor of some of his pardoning power. If the bill becomes law the governor would be unable to pardoti persons convicted of a capital crime except on recommendation of the State Supreme Court. Such recommendation Is necessary now In cases of persons twice convicted of a felony. Alter Divorce Law Ross also Introduced a bill which would reduce the time between Issuance of an Interlocutory divorce decree and the final decree from one year to three months. Ho declared many Collfornlans were going outside the state to get divorces which would be filed here If they could be obtained In u shorter time. Another bill by Ross provided county printing work be done by plants within tho county if they could meet specifications and price requirements. Ho said some of the smaller counties were having printing, done by city firms, which could as well' tie 'done at home. Hits at Alimony Racket Senator John B. • McColl of Redding had a bill which would prohibit payment of alimony to women who remarry, except for support of children of the previous marriage. He said the bill was aimed at the "alimony racket." Members of the Senate Investigating committee introduced today the bills Senator J. M. Tnman of Sacramento, described Friday as limiting powers Manufacture, Sales and Transport Would Be Permitted (Continued on Page Eleven) ENGLIMESS PERSONNEL LA.ML BE (AsHooiatcd Presx Leaned Wire) LOS ANOKLF.S, Jan. 23.— A sweep- Ing examination Involving the personnel of all departments of the Los Angeles county government has been ordered by the Board of Supervisors. The Investigation was called by the board ufter R. S. Person of PHnt- rldge, chairman of the county Grand Jury administrative i-ommltteo, had presented dcviwnds that n questionnaire be unbuilt led to ouch county employe to obtain Information wanted by the Grand Jury. The Investigation. Person said, would determine cltlzonshlp of all county employes, the Incomes of married couples or other members of the same families on public pay rolls, Investigate pay roll padding, if any, and set about to eliminate what Person said was a "spoils system of public" 1 patronage." ' Action of Mexico Is Protested by Swing: (United Press Leased Wire) WASHINGTON, Jan. n.— A formal protest ugalnttt the Itcp.ubllc of Mexico exercising Jurisdiction over American fishing fleets operating off the coast of Lower California was filed today with the state department by Representative Swing, Republican, California. Tho department hud entered Into negotiations' over the disputed llcjll. Fear U. S. May Use Debts to "Bargain" British Buck to Old Standard (Associated Press Leasett Wire) LONDON, Jan. 23.—Opposition to the Idea of Great Britain returning to tho gold standard was strongly featured In today's newspaper editorials nfter the week-end's digestion of the proposed Anglo-American debt negotiations. Comments were based on Washington dispatches suggesting tho United Statos may uso tho British debt as a bargaining weapon to force this country back on a gold basis. Tin- London Times said: "The hopo of thereby providing a remedy for the ovll of fluctuating currency exchanges to the relief of International trade Is to confuse cause and effect. Gold, being only a counter, cannot be frooly exchanged In International finance unless there is a freedom of exchange In international trade. , . . Grave risks would bo Incurred by any attempt to mask tho symptoms of the real disease, tho breakdown of trade, before finding effective remedies for the causes which produced It." Called Unfortunate - The Conservative Morning Post declared making tho stabilization of the pound the subject of bargaining would bo a most unfortunate, development. It further wuw "little hope for a useful result of tho conference unlcns conditions are first established for final ratification of tho Lauimnno agreement, and It Is clear these, conditions cannot bo established by a settlement of the British debt alone." It urged the United Slates to Invite all lie other debtor nations to now negotiations of their debts. Impossible "The allies in ifluropo agreed at Lausanne to reduce German reparations to the equivalent of about 1 cent on the dollar providing they received similar boncessions from tho United States." Lord Rothermere's so-called "Imperialist" Dally Mall and the "Labor- Socialist" Herald both Insist that It ig Impossible for Great Britain to return to the gold standard on the old basis. REMOVAL OF ALL PENALTIES URGED Measure Goes lo Senate Floor; Then to Finance Body for Study By LYLE C. WILSON (United Press Ltaurd Wire) TCTASHINGTON, Jan. '23. — The "' Senate judiciary committee-today recommended that Congress legalize 3.05 per cent beer and wine. Amendment of the Volstead act removing all penalties for manufacture, sale and transportation of malted and fermented beverages of that alcoholic content was ordered reported favorably to the Senate. The committee defeated, g to 6, an amendment by Senator Bratton, Democrat, New Mexico, to reduce the alcoholic content of legalized beverages to 2 per cent. Senator Borah, Republican, Idaho, obtained adoption of ah amendment prohibiting the sale of tho S.05 per cent beverages to minors. He said it was adopted without a record vote. Adopts Dill Amendment The committee adopted an amendment offered by Senator Dill, Democrat, Washington, forbidding advertisement of the legalized beverages In states which choose. ,to remain dry. Senator Blalne, Rop., WIs., said after the meeting that the prohibition of advertising in dry states extended to the malls and radio as well as to newspapers and periodicals. Chairman Norrls of tho committee said the amendment, in practice would practically bar from the radio all advertisements of 3.5 per cent beverages. The beer-wine, bill is to be received by the Senate and referred to the finance committee for consideration of revenue potentialities. Speedy action has been promised by Senator Harrison, Democrat, Mississippi, senior minority member of that committee. President-elect Roosevelt In conferences last week with Democratic leaders put tho beer bill among the measures he wanted enacted at this short; session. • .Pour Republicans and two Democrats joined to vote in favor of reducing tho alcoholic content to 2 per cent. After that was defeated they voted together again against making a favorable report on tho bill. How Senators Voted The vote on a favorable report was as follows: l'V>r, S; Senator* Blalno, Republican, Wisconsin; ITobcrt, Republican, Rhode Island; Sehuylor, Republican, Colorado; Ashurst, Dom- Rob Fresno Store of 48 Pts. Whisky (United Press Leased Wire) FRESNO, Jan. 23.—Fresno police went about sniffing breaths today. Tho sought trace of burglars who robbed a Freano drug store pf 48 pints of prescription whisky, three quarts of champagne, and two gallons of alcohol, und left money and other nr.-r- chanclltio untouched (Continued on Page Illcvcn) FRANK M. STARR IS NOBEL PRIZE fUnitfd Prr.ts Leased Wirel NEW YORK, Jan. 33. — The Alfred Noble prize for 1!>32 was awarded today to Frank M. Starr of the General Electric Company of Schenectady, In recognition of Ills published work on "Equivalent Circuits—TI." The presentation was made by Arthur S. Tuttle, vico-presldent of the American Society of Civil Engineers, at tho opening session of the annual winter meeting of.the American Tn- Htltutn of Electrical Engineers. Starr, who Is 28, was horn In Fowler, Colo., and educated in the University of Colorado. The prize consists of an engraved certificate and $500 in cash. *-»-• FAIR OAKS BANK CLOSED SACRAMENTO, Jan. 23. (A. P.)— O. .C, Hubbell, president of the Fair Oaks bank, located In the town of Fidr Oaks, 15 miles northeast of Sacramento, said today the bank will not be open for business today. Hubbull said his bonk had deposits In the California National Uunk which eluded Saturday. TEXT OF 20TH AMENDMENT amendment (United Pi-en* Leaned Wire) W ASHINGTON. Jin. 23.—The ttxt of the Twentieth to the United States Constitution; "Section 1. The terms of the President and Vice.Presldent shall end it noon on the twentieth day of Janunry, and the terms of senators and representatives at noon on the third day of January, of the years In which such terms would have ended If this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin. "Section 2. The Congress shall assemble at least once In every year and such meeting shell begin at noon on the third day of January, unleee they shall by taw appoint a different dey. "Section 3. If, at the time fixed for the beginning pf the term of the President, the president.elect shall.have died, the vice-president- elect shall become president. If a president ehall not have been chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of hie term, or If the president- elect shall have failed to qualify, then the vice-president-elect shall act as President, or the manner In which one who Is to act shall be sslected, and such person shall act accordingly until a president or a vice- president shall have qualified, "Section 4. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives may choose a preeldent whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of the desth of any of the pereons from whom the Senate may choose a vice-president whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them. "Section 5. Sectlone 1 and 2 shall take effect on the fifteenth day of October following the ratification of this article." TO OFFEyWO-1 IVERJEAS1E Wheeler Would Remonetize While Metal at Ratio Urged by Bryan (Associated Preen Leaned Wire) WASHINGTON, Jan. 23.— Senator Wheeler, Democrat, Montana, told the Senate today he would offer his bill to remonettze silver at the ratio of 16 to I with gold as an amendment to the pending Glass bunk bill. Wheeler's announcement, was mode. after Senators Thomas, Democrat, Oklahoma, and Ashurst, Democrat, Arizona, again had demanded currency relief. Thomas said Congress has been In session almost, two months and had not yet "scratched the surface" of the relief question. Ashurst said some of tho pending proposals would be "helpful," but the only cure as ho saw It was Wheeler's silver bill. "This would bring back prosperity in 40 dayn," the Arizonan asserted. "If this silver amendment is not placed on this bill, the Senate will not have another chnnqe BOOH to take up this question." * Senator Kean, Republican, New Jersey, hoping to speed action on the Glass bunking law reform measure, sought unanimous consent to consider It section by. section, but withdrew his request when Senator Glass, Democrat, Virginia, author of the bill, said he preferred to get the controversial featureh out of the way first. Will Resume Gas Hearing at Fresno (United I'retK Lflancd Wire) FRI3SNO, Ja.ii. 23.— Hearings on demands of the city of Fresno for permanent and lower gas rates to bo charged by the San Joacjuln Ijlght und Power Company- were to be resumed here today before members of the state railroad commission. Tho company has been charging Interim rates, fixed three years ago | when natural gas was Introduced In [the San Jonquin valley. | Tho city claimed the interim rates were too high and that earnings of tho utility were excessive,. COMMENT BY WILL ROGERS OAKLAND, J»n. 23.— (To the Editor of The Bakersfleld Callfor- nlan:) — Fastest air trip I ever made In a commercial plane, Los Angeles to Sacramento, 411 miles In Z hours flat. That's two five an hour. On the Varney Line, Lockheed plane, Pilot Taft, Flying part of the Sierras all snow capped at that speed was more of a kick than the Andes at about ninety miles. Another big bank failure. Suppose the fire department was run like a bank. A fire examiner finds a small fire. Qoes back from time to time to see It getting bigger, then just as there Is nothing left but the chimney he notifies the department. "We better see what we can save for those people?" Yours, WILL ROGERS. IN BITTER CLASH Ashida Assails Manchurian Policy; Answered by Uchida, Araki fAssociated Press Leased Wire) TOKIO, Jan. 23.—Foreign Minister Count Vasyua Uchida countered a Diet Interpolator's declaration today that "a gloomy situation" rules American Japanese relations with the blunt statement: "There is no uneasiness concerning our relations with tho United States." The Interpolator In the Japanese House of Representatives was Hltoshl Ashida, Selyultal's formally chosen spokesman on foreign policies, who also delivered tho boldest criticism of the current ' military domination of Japanese diplomacy heard In Parliament since the Manchurian strife began In September, 1031. Pointing out that Count Uchlda'a speech on Saturday did not mention American relations, Ashida declared that these "were not In a condition warranting content, ment." He slid unless .they were Improved they surely would produce renewed armaments competition and possibly a world war. Ashida urged General Sadao Arukl, minister of war, to "forsake the notion that the army Is almighty." Ashida criticized the methods and not tho substance of the government's Manchurian policy. Count Uchida, !n a stlfflsh manner, replied that the foreign policy was conducted "In accordance with the will of the people and in co-operation with the army." "But the army Is not dragging the foreign office along," General Aralcl said. "The army has never been arbitrary" concerning foreign policy, hs said. Thereafter General Arakl began to harangue on the subject of national rplrlt und the necessity of preparedness. CrloH arose: "Finish! Finish" r.ucornpunl«d by laughter. 12,418,310 BALES OF COnONARE (Asuuciatcd PrcHS Leased Wire) WASHINGTON, Jan. 23.—Cotton of the J932 crop ginned prior to January IB was reported by the eensuti bureau today to have totaled 13,418,310 running bales, Including 066,003 round hales, counted as half bales, und 7402 bales of Amerlcan-ljgyptlun. GlnnlngH this year to January 16 by stales were: Alabama, 027,806; Arizona, 60,21!); Arkansas, 1,263,459; California, 110,067; Florida, 1M23; Georgia, 853,348: Louisiana, r,'.iS,018; MlHtilsHlppI, 1,149,014; Missouri, 280,783; New Mexico, 63,093; North Carolina, U(18,157; Oklahoma, I,050,fi78; South Carolina, 707,066; TeniietiHee, 451,642; Texas, 4,106,710; Virginia, 29,974; all other states, 12,784. CONGRESS WILL MEET ON JAN. 3; PRESIDENT TO BE INAUGURATED 17 DAYS THEREAFTER By RAYMOND CLAPPER (United l're»» Leaned Wire) W ASHINGTON. Jan. 23. —The death sentence for lame duck sessions of Congress was sealed today. The i'u- nious Norris lame duck amendment has been ratified by 30 state Legislatures and now becomes part of the Constitution. The thirty-sixth state was Missouri, winner of a race between several state Legislatures for the honor of making the amendment effective. , • It is designed to end forever such sessions of the one now raging tumultuously as a hangover from the elections of 1930, while new*—~~~ RECEIVER SOUGHT NKAV«VORK, Jan. 23. (A. P.)—A petition for the appointment of an equity receiver for the Uudlo-Kellh- Oruheuiri Corporation WHS filed In (•'federal Court today by Alfred Weal, holder of 15000 In 6 per cent gold nolct 1 . or bonds, In be-half of himself ! uii'J ull creditors similarly situated. ' members elected last November wait at their homes, powerless to act upon their mandates from the voters. The new lame duck amendment will: 1. Convene newly oloctod Concretises on January 3 following: election, instead of 13 montliH later. 2. Abolish the holdover short sessions which bring back a previous Congress for three months' work after a new Congress has been elected. 3. Change the data of presidential inaugurations from March 4 to January 20. These provisions come Into force October 15 under the terms of tho amendment. This means that Mr. Roosevelt's term will end January 20, t!»37, Instead of March 4 of that year. His term will bo 43 days shorter, meaning a loss of flO,!»B4 from his salary. Senators, Representatives Terms of senators and congressmen serving In the next (,'ongrens will ho cut from March 4 back to January 3. Tills will moan a reduction of 59 days, a Ions of JI617.60 for each .Senator and congressman. Quo congressman, iiMed this nrgument in defending thu carrying of his wife on his pay roll when his constituents began asking questions during his campaign last year. Unique Congress This arrangement will make the Seventy-third Congress Just coining In unique In history. It will have only one regular session; Mr. Roosevelt is expected to call It Into extra session In April, but its first regular session will begin January 3, 1934. In tho following November a. new Congress will be elected which will start to work two months later. Thus in the ago of tho airplane, when it man In a real hurry can (tot from one coast to the other In a day, tho United States finally abandons .tho leisurely schedule of stage coach days. Victory for Sen. Norrl.i This nhangi- represent* :i victory in a 10-yenr struggle by Hi-natnr ClfforRO W. Norrln, Republican, Neliriiskn. He first proposed It uml It flr.-O passed the Semite In 1C"". It passed the Senate six times more before the Ilntine. finally acted. ICai-h time Republican leaders In the House smothered It, When Democrats toolc control of tho House they put it through, and It WIIM submitted to the states lnwt March. Only two amendments have boon ratified In shorter time. Norrls was aiming directly at chaotic short sessions which, because of the March 4 dendllne, encouraged filibustering, obstructive taetlcw, and hasty, lll-conslder*d leglnlatlon. Advantage Illustrated The Hoover-Roosevelt debt conference has just demonstrated In a striking way another advantage of the change now ordered. Iliul the hune duck amendment been in force, Mr. Roosevelt would have lieen Inaugurated at the very hour he was sitting with President Hoover In the red room where the two trying to work out Homo method of carrying on delicate debt negotiation* while wait- Ing for the new administration to come Into authority. Abolish Lsaderless Period In easy times this two months' gain which the new president will have does not appear so vital, nut. In a critical stage, in tlmo of acuto depression, or grave international difficulties, or war, the long gap between (Cuntiiiuvd on I'ugo 'I'tcu) VOICESPLEASURE 20lh Amendment Long Step in Giving Government 'Control to People (United Press Leased Wire) WASHINGTON, Jan. 23.—Ratification' of the lame duck amendment-, was described as a long step toward placing control of tho government in tho hands of cho-son representatives of tho people in a statement by Senator George W. Norrls, Rop., Neb., author of tho amendment. "Tho only opportunity tho people of the country have to express their Ideas and wishes in rogard to national legislation Is tho expression of thnlr will, through tho election of tholr representatives at the general election in November," Norris said in u. statement today. "Under a Democratic form of government, especially, the wishes of the peoplo should be crystallzod Into law as soon an possible after thcso wishes become known. Old System Assailed "Under the old system, not only are these representatives, Just clocted by tho people, prohibited from entering upon their duties, but they must also (Continued on I'agc Eleven) 1932 S. P. NET INCOME DROPSJP8,298 Hoonri'nfrrf Press Leaned H'(rr) SAN FRANCISCO, Jnn. 23.—Southern I'nc-lflc? 1-ilne.M reported today net operating Income for l!tr!2 of $5,606.136, a doc-reuse of ?IO,35S,2!t8 from tho ?!!!,- 9G4.I!>4 earned In 1981. The linen netted J4I1.1 OS.tjGO in 1030. |!59,71I.8S'J III 1929 and ?D4,90S,101 In 1928. I December net from nporaUons was ?107,2.14, it drop of J240.S6S from the ?348,123 earned In December 1931, and 11 decline of around Neanmial proportions from November's profit of 7418.969. ADVERTISERS' INDEX AUTO fUEC. AND BATTERY CO BAKERSFIELU FUNERAL HOME SHOCK. MALCOLM, COMPANY CHICAGO COLLEGE OF BEAUTY FOX CALIFORNIA FOX TN EATER OOODNIOHT, OR GRANAPA THEATER HOTEL EL TEJON KIMBALL t STONE LEROY GORDON BEAUTY SALON MuMAHAN FURNITURE COMPANY MOSS, HAM O NILE THEATER OWENS' STORE PAC. TEL. 4 TEL. COMPANY 'PHILLIPS MU8IC COMPANY PRICHARD AUTO SERVICE READER'S JEWELRY REDLICK'S HEX THEATER 7 RIALTO THEATER SECURITY MARKET TRIBBLE GLASS CO UNITED IRON & METAL VIRGINIA THEATER WEILL, A.. INC WIRKF.RSHAM CO WIIHAM 4. BOOTH

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