OPEN HOUSE AT PLANT TUESDAY Radke Starts Quantity Production of Quality Eggs in Austin Area Quantity production of quality eggs — one of the ways Minnesota can stay in the egg business —will be shown at an open house Tuesday at Austin Seed Co.'s demonstration laying house. The demonstration house, located west of the company's store north of Austin, houses 5,000 birds. Visitors Tuesday will see the house to operation and tour another 5,000-bird bouse under construction. "This is one of the ways Minne- sota'can stay in the egg business," Harold Radke, Austin seed proprietor, explained. "Otherwise the egg business will follow the path south, blazed by (he broiler industry." Automated Eggs The pilot bouse is automated egg production. Each steel building is 32 x 200 feet and is divided into two 2,500 bird sections. A common egg handling room will connect the two units. The operation starts with the bulk feed bins at the west end of the house. Here Radke stores 10 tons of a special poultry mash ration, developed by Doughboy Industries, which includes antibiotics, vitamins and minerals. The feed conversion rate is four pounds per dozen eggs or better, compared with the state average of 6.8 pounds per dozen. The feed is augered into the automatic feeder hoppers twice daily. The feeders run 15 minutes of each hour of the 14-hour working day, 6 a.m. to 8 p.m. Triple Deck Roosts The feed track divides into three levels, to serve the Big Dutchman cubic air roosts, triple decked. The automatic waterers, into which antibiotics can be metered, run parallel to the roosts and feed lines. "The birds eat, drink and sleep on the roosts," Radke explained. "This takes 1.J square feet per bird." Manure, always a problem, drops to the pit below the roosts and is cleaned out every other day by a paddle chain. It is taken to Austin Drying Co. for future processing into garden and nursery fertilizer. Rollaway Nests The hens lay the eggs in 10- hole rollaway nests. It takes 15 .holes per 100 birds. Eggs are gathered three times a day in safe- way egg baskets. "This is the labor involved," Radke said. "One man can handle the output of a 5,000-bird house." The eggs are cooled in a 1,280 cubic foot walk-in cooler for 12 hours, then dry cleaned and cased. The Backman Produce Co., Waterville, picks up twice a week and eggs are sold in eastern supermarkets four days after being laid. 6 Weeks Old Birds The birds will be in production for 13 to 14 months and then cleaned out. The litter is then changed and a new flock of 16- week-old birds are installed and another production cycle starts. Right now the birds are at 80 per cent production, Radke said, producing 10 to 11 cases a day which sell for a quality egg or premium price, roughly four cents over the non-quality market. The house has fiber-glass insulation and the fans change the air three times a minute, if needed. Winter temperature is between 45 and 55 degrees. Eggs are collected three times a day in win ter and four times daily in summer when the inside temperature will be higher. Immediate Cooling "Immediate cooling of the egg determines the quality," Radke said. "These houses are equipped to produce quality eggs in quan tity that will attract a better market." The feeding-management program is tied in with the marketing and is open to any producer with 2,000 birds or more, Radke said It's not required that a producer install the buildings if present facilities are suitable. Austin Steel headed by J. David Christenson handles the buildings. The second producer to go into the program here is Chet Taylor who lives on Plymouth Avenue. Taylor, a dairyman and hog raiser, has maintained a small poultry operation. Experts On Hand Experts at the open house will discuss all phases of the program at the open house, the feeding, management and marketing. The feed program is a complete one, Radke explained, developed by Doughboy. Doughboy's chief execu live officer, Edwin J. Cashman, former official of Geo. A. Hormel it Co., will be at the open house "Austin's role in -the quality 5,000 BIRDS HERE — The three-tier roosts house 5,000 birds with 1.2 square feet of space per bird, less than in other types or laying houses. The feeding and water lines are parallel to the roosts. Forecast for American Farms: Income Down, Costs Move Up WASHINGTON - (NEA)-Ifs| Hawaii, Puerto Rico and the Dis- going to get worse down on the farm before it gets better. The outlook for yond: 1959 and be- Over-production is going to continue. Stocks of wheat and corn . rise "to a new high" this crop year. In the years after, surpluses will grow larger at a "startling" pace. 10 Per Cent Decline Farm income will move down five to 10 per cent next year. Farm production costs will move up. Farm wages, taxes and seed, machinery and feeder livestock pric- *$ ve mounting. There will be increasing competition for American farm products 4u the world's markets. It will be progressively more difficult for the farmer to borrow U» money he ueeds. Tfa*Ts the picture painted here <U a coufereoo* of 350 fwrn expert* from to* 48 suits, Alaska, trict of Columbia. The sessions were sponsored by the U. S. Da- partment of Agriculture. The solution, as a goodly number of delegates saw it, was straightforward: Move Off Farm Move four out of every five young men and women off the farms in the next 10 years. Get them to find jobs in other lines. Start pushing that movement immediately by education and persuasion. Actually, some of the agricultural economists present saw a future on the farm for only about one out of 10 of today's farm boys and girls. This away-from-the-farm movement would only be a speedup of what has been going on in the past 40 years. Farm lamilies slipped from a third of the population in 1920 down to an eighth in 1858. "At that rate, it appears as though politicians won't worry about the farm vote in 1972," said one conference delegate. See Small Farm End There was general agreement among the assembled state, government and private agricultural men here that the smajl firm is going to all but disappear, that jfarmers are going to go further into debt, that the capital required to run a farm is going to double in the next decade, that more and more farmers are going to become contract farmers, that is, produce i for a fee for canneries, meat pack- jers and other industrial concerns which would finance and own the farmer's entire output. There was agreement, too, as one farm man put it, "we can't ;eat our way out of our surpluses." But no one had any plan — or >any hope of a plan—for getting |the individual farmer to produce less, with output per farm rising rapidly on the wings of scientific iresearch. egg production will help boost the state's position in the national egg picture," Radke said. "Right now, we export 80 per cent of our eggs, yet quality eggs from Michigan ind Iowa are imported and sold n our Austin stores because Minnesota doesn't have enough of the grade A eggs available on a year around basis to meet the requirements of the super markets and the consumer's changed shopping habits." Minnesota, incidentally, ia the .bird largest producer of eggs in ;he nation. 4-H Member of the Week A dairyman and hog raiser is the LeRoy Wide-Awake 4-H Club member of the week. He is John M. Grass Jr., son of Mr. and Mrs. John M. Grass, LeRoy, who carries the conservation, y dairy and swine |,* projects. ' John has won three State Fab: trips with his purebred Spotted •^Poland China John gilts, one trip with a Holstein heifer, and in 1956, won a trip to conservation camp as he county's outstandng conserve- ion project member. He has been in 4-H work ,for eight years and a junior leader or the past two years. In the club, John has served as reporter, treasurer and vice president. Outside of 4-H, John is an active member and former officer of the LeRoy FFA. 2 Mitchell Hog Raisers On Honor List Two Mitchell County swine rais- trs named to the 1959 Iowa Swine Honor Roll. Millard McNutt, St. Ansgar, submitted 10 hogs for the grading est and six were No. 1 and four were No. 2. Leo Jax, Mclntire, lad four No. 1 and six No. 2 of ills 10 tested. The men ranked in the top 25 )f the swine producers checked ;his year. tattle Boils Between ieethoven, Bach CHAPEL HILL, N.C. (AP)-It was Beethoven's birthday, but it was also the Christmas season. And that's where the trouble tarted. The University of North Carona's Choral Club scheduled lach's "Christmas Oratorio" 'uesday night. Some music de- artment students took offense, oisted placards and began pick- ting the performance. Said the signs, "UNC Music )ept. is Unfair to Beethoven." Go Home, Bach, Go Home." Three Cheers for Beethoven." IT'S AUTOMATIC — Quality «flfl« from the firrt unit of Quality Eggs, Inc., are inspected by L. L. (Jack) Me- Grew, Chamber of Commerce president; Harold Radke, Austin Seed Co.; Cliff Ketcham, Fairmont, Doughboy sales manager in Minnesota; and Merrill Johnson, Bricelyn, formula feeds division fieldman. The automatic feeding chain Is explained by Radke to Robert Sheedy, rural Austin. CBC Volume Passes Million Dollar Mark A si* per cent increase in the number of ctw» bred was reported by Ctrl Sanford, assistant man* ager of Consolidated Breeders Cooperative at the annual meeting of the Austin unit Friday. The cooperative bred 190,437 cows the past year. Orosl income exceeded the. million dollar mark for-the first time and the assocla- tion is free of mortgage indebt- ness. Assets are iSl?,ooo and member's equities are over $450,000, he said. Millard Jones, Owatonna, field supervisor, reported n the volume of business done here. He said 5,» 484 cows were bred by the unit. Technicans serving the Austin unit are Russell Hahn and Jack Maus- hka. In the business session, attended by more than 100 members, Ivan Spurgeon and Virgil Her- gene were re-elected to the board of directors and at the board meeting, all officers were reelected. Lunch was served after the meeting which was held in Liebensteln 4-H Hall. the oldest part of New York City's Manhattan Island, where the Dutch first settled, now has a value of $15 million dollars an acre. Roughly, that is the neighborhood where Wall Street and shipping circles are located. T//e Testing Program Will Up Useful I ness of Drainage Field A quality testing program concrete drain tile is eventually going to save Mlnnenota farmers better than |8 million annually, according to Philip W, Manson, agricultural engineer it the University of Minnesota. The program la now in its fourth year and was developed by the University, the Soil Conservation Service and the Agricultural Stab* illsation and Conservation committee. Longer Lasting THe The saving cornea In longer- lasting tile farmers are getting as i result of the program. Manson explains it this way: atate farmers spend some $10 million annually for concrete tile drainage systems. He figures the testing program is increasing average tile life by at least BO per cent over ;he lower quality tile produced before the testing started. Were it not for the better quality tile now being 'manufactured, farmer* would eventually need to buy 80 per cent — or $5 million worth — more tile every year to maintain the same amount of drainage tile in the state. May Last Century The test procedure, developed by University agricultural engineer covers tile absorption and strength and is conducted twice each year on each manufacturer's tile. On Alkali soils, rising tile quality can increase its life from 10 to loo yean. The increase will be less on acid soils, but for the state ti a whole, Manson says an over all estimate of a 80 per cent increase is conservative Indeed, Farmers in Minnesota are eligi- ble for Agricultural Conservation Program (ACt») payments only if the tile they use has been tested. Names of manufacturers whoa* tile meets the specifications are on an approved list at. all ASC and 8CS offices. Calendar of Form Activities TODAY Hose Creek 4-H Club, Rose Creek School, Ron Seath, 4-H story. B. J. Huteby Cow Producti 599 Pounds A milk production record of 18,623 pounds milk and 599 pounds butterfat was made by a registered Holsteln owned by B. J. Huseby & Sons, Adams. The record was set by Huseby Patty Design Femco, as a three year old, on 365 days, twice a day, milking. The Holstein-Fresian As- sn. reported the record supervised by the University of Minnesota extension service. New York City's waterfront fire guards load old wooden piers and pilings on barges atop an tuv dercovering of sand, tow them out to sea and burn them as waste. Then they dump the ashes overboard. FARM NEWS 14-AUSTIN (Minn.) HERALD Wednesday, Dec. 17, '58 Luther Pickrel, Austin Area Adult farmers Class, Vocational School. SATURDAY North Star 4-H Club, Wilfred Denlsen home. Christmas party. MONDAY London 4-H Club, London Hall. WEDNESDAY Christmas eve. Christmas Shop at Either of * THI * Furniture Storti .. . where you'll be ivlre to find the gift you want. * DOWNTOWN ^ * * STERLINO *^ ^ "Alweye lew prices to . ~ meet yeur budftt" JT Entr'acte is the French word meaning between acts of a show, therwise "intermission." But, riginally it was called "act- une," meaning audiences could] moke or carry on conversations while an orchestra played soft music. When people said there was no use crying over spilt milk, it was probably only about Q nickel o quart. An Invitation Austin Seed Company of Austin Invite You to Attend a Special OPEN HOUSE See and inspect Poultry Science's newest MODEL PUSH-BUTTON HOME FOR 10,000 LAYERS c. Open for Free, Public Inspection All Day Tuesday, December 23 See Science at work - Producing Minn. Grade AA Eggs r " r * 1J! *V*^ See... A uniquely constructed all-steel building by Armco. Strong, easy to construct Steelox panels lock together, give built-in strength without need for supporting posts. Fire - safe, storm • safe; nothing to rot, crack, warp or burn. Scientifically insulated and ventilated to stay cool in summer, warm in winter. Photo shows'one 5,000 unit during construction. Austin is grateful to these forward-looking industries who have made this public demonstration p o s s ible, and who are showing the way for a bigger and better quality egg program in our Midwest: See... 10,000 layers fed, watered and cared for at the push of a button. Automation takes over the chores, gives maximum labor efficiency and constant management control. Scientific Cubic- Air tiered roost system by Big Dutchman multiplies capacity to reduce investment, cut costs. Feed flows automatically from bulk tank . . . to feed hopper (right) . . . into mechanical "Cafeteria style" feeder lines. See... Scientific feeding at peak efficiency. A complete, high-energy All Mash is manufactured at th» push-button, electronically-controlled mill of Doughboy Industries, Inc., Rigid quality control program qt Doughboy insures uniform, high quality of every ingredient, tvtry batch of finished formula f«ed. Contains exact amount of vitamins, antibiotics, minerals, tte. to keep flocks laying steadily without disease or costly slumps. Mechanical feeders can be seen at left. STEEL BUILDINGS Armco Dreinage fir Metal Products, Inc. Middleton, Ohio POULTRY EQUIPMENT Automatic Poultry Feeder Co. Zetland, Mich. Doughboy FORMULA FEEDS Doughboy Industrie*, Inc. New Richlond, Wit. LOCATED: MINN. - Off Highway 218 North. T U rn West off the Highway at Austin Seed Co. Then '/i mile West. Watch for Arrows.
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