unoU Jcntinrt. DAILY AND WEEKLY. By POWERS A COLCLO. SUBSCRIPTIONS. , anraddreis, per jest ....!> 0] paid In advance 1 BO TM BBiraiNin, Is a straight-out Democratic ewapapet working tot the advancement ot tbe toMitB of tbe cause In Northwestern lows ADVERTISING. T*ecirculation of Ta» SMTINIL exceeds tha •t an) paper on the C. * N. W. Batlwar west o rfanbulltown. Our lists are open to snj adver User. We have good lists In e»er» town on al branoh'roads, Hsta reaching the best farmers and business men In every eomnronttj. Bates on •II classes ot advertising reasonable. Sohe-'ni- ottateefiirnlshed on application to the office. Ootmavondence desired on all topics of genera interest. Be brief, write proper nvmes plainly and have tour letter reach us early as Wednej •V evening. Address, THE SENTINEL, Carroll. Iowa Rntere at tbe Carroll, Iowa, postofflce. as se •odclass matter. Published weekly. FRIDAY, JULY 27, 1894. [See preceding page for late telegraphic news.] Democratic Judicial Convention. The Democrat" if tbe 16th judicial district of Iowa, will meet in delegate convention at Carroll.Iowa.on Tuesday, A-ugust 7,1894 at 10 o'clock a. m. for the purpose Of nominating two candidates for the office of district judge, and for the transaction of such other business as may be brought before the convention. Each county will be entitled to two dele- gales and one additional delegate for every 226 votes and fraction of 116 or over east tor Grover Cleveland for president «t the general election in 1892. The counties of the district will bo entitled to delegates as follows: Counties. , Totes. Del. Calbonn .1104 7 Carroll 2373 18 Crawford 2270 12 Greene. 13% 8 Ida....; 1190 7 flac 1268 8 By order of the Judicial committee. J. M. DREES, Chairman. Congressional Convention. The Democratic congressional convention for tbe tenth district will be held at Boone August 10, at 10 a. m. Carroll county will be entitled to thirteen delegates in the convention. T. F. BBREN. Chairman. E. M. Fnnk made a first class preside ing officer and held the convention well in band. E. H. Hunter, ot Deg Moines, hue been appointed and confirmed ae postmaster at Dee Moinea. Tbe Republican elate convention, evidently got awny from tbe machine and Jim Blythe was turned down. Tbe Manning delegates did good work yasterday for their candidate and came within a few votes of securing tbe prize, Tbe Democratic county central committee will meet at|the court house Aug. 15, at which time tbe central committee will be reorganized. Qsrrpll Qoqnty ie represented PR tbe Republican state ticket. Ben Salinger, of Manning, was nominated for reporter of tbe supreme court. Buoknam'a delegates were stayers and proved tbeir loyalty to him in a way that was remarkable. Every man stood at his post until Cbarles told them to go tor whoever they wanted, Ben Edwards made a remarkably good •bowing for tbe work he did and will some time prove a strong man in tbe rape for a county office, fie has every reason to feel proud of tbe showing be made. We have seen men excited, overcome with joy, embarrassed and acted as if they bad something on their bands that they did not know what to do with, but we never saw anyone who appeared to be completely overwhelmed by all ot these afflictions as J. H. Bobroeder was yesterday when be was nominated for county clerk. The term of offl w of tbe tenth district number of the state central committee will expire this year, sod tbe district canons to be bsld at tbe time of tbe state convention at Des Moines, will be called on Ip name • new me nber. Tbe Bulletin suggests tbe name of John McCarthy of Jefferson, as being one of tbe hardest working Democrat* and ons of tbe best organizers in tbe district. Tbe office has been sway up tbe northern line for the put four years, and we believe that it should be again located in tbs southern tier of counties.—Denison Bulletin. Boselle and Warren townships play bide and seek with each other. Tbe flfbl was a draw yesterday, as it baa been on previous occasions. Both town •bips bad candidates and they were de (sated by e very small majority. Stepb any of Warren only lacked five votes for the nomination lor recorder and Laogen laid, of RojwU*, bnl twelve for the nomination for clerk. Either township oould bavs nominated tbeir neighbor, but then it was tbe same old flfbt to a finish with the usual result. It would b» good policy for thaw two ritaleto lay down their aoalping knives and get tof ttbs r, Tbewiatobistw editor of the l>*nisou iff iff MJT* *** 8 *°* t * WM * ron « MdOlriif tfc* niealdent in bis effort* to mtorW lav Md wdefJo Obloago. Tit* ^LiawV JdltM Ji W* ct Iboae kind ot BifibUaon wbo »i»pJy Mk what Cleveland did in a certain emergency and then take tbe position that Mr, Cleveland was radically wrong, no matter what the oironmetances. One thing tbe Review man does do that perhaps he did not intend: He demonstrates beyond the shadow ot a doubt that the Republicans are not fit to ever again to assume control of governmental affaire in thisoountry. Tariff Legislation. Another week has passed by acd nothing bae been accomplished toward passing the tariff bill, The house and the senate are wide apart and although a week has been spent in trying to get together, little or nothing has been done. The house backed by the people, the press and (be president will stand firm in the demand for free retw material. Hill to tbe surprise of the Democrats baa proven to.be one ot the president's most ardent supporters. Tbe bill has been returned lor conference and it ap pears to be tbe .opinion of tbe leaders of both the bouse .and the senate that an agreement will be reached. It is evident that it is the desire of all to speedily settle the tariff question and we would not be surprised to bear of its final passage in both branches at an early date, There is no danger but what tbe bill will be finally amended eo that it will meet tbe approval of enoogh members in the house and the senate to insure its becoming a law. The County Conventiort The long looked for county convention is now over and the result has been given to tbe party. How well this work has been done will show next November, when we anticipate the ticket will receive snob an indorsement that there can be no doubt but what it will meet with tbe hearty approbation of the rank and lie of tbe party. The great center of interest appeared to cluster arovnd tbe ;wo term rule, but this was happily disposed of in such a way that there can be no doubt in tbe minds of anyone that this rule baa come to stay" sod it was so arranged that the operation of tbe tale would not work a hardship to anyone appearing before the convention. For Ifr. Eeanebeok was tbe only one who oould in any way be considered as oom- ng within tbe limit ot tbe rule and tbe chairman held that no rule oould be made of a retroactive nature and the riends ot Mr. Kennebeck oast tbeir votes or him and they were recorded be same as were those ot any other candidate. We are pleased o be able to state to our readers that dr. Kennebeok was treated fairly by tbe Convention, and in passing tbe resolution be party only again gave expression to he [convictions oo tbe role which have t6en|reiterated tor many years. / The nominees of tbe convention can ooneole themselves with tbe thought that while the contest in several oases were lose, that allot tbe candidates before tbe xwvention were peculiarly strong and well qualified for tbe positions they were seeking. Tbe outcome of tbe nom- nations were so close on recorder and oleik that the result could have been banged either way by mere accident. On tbe whole tbe ticket is a good one and snob that should command tbe support of tbe entire party. While we would have bad it somewhat otherwise bad we been allowed to name tbe ticket, we are now ready to act in harmony with tbe majority of tbe convention and will give it our hearty support, for tbe nominees are all worthy, deserving men, and will make excellent officials. Germany aud Our Wheat Export. In 1887 the tax on Russian and American whoat imported into Germany was 111,00 i tou. Fob. 1, 1809, this was changed, aud a treaty was negotiated with Germany whereby the United States wan placed on the moat favored nation bosia The duty on our whoat was then reduced to $8.38 per ton, the duty on rye being fixed at the same fig- are. The import lax on Russian whoat remained the same as before, so that we had every advantage in the German market The tax on flour obtained from Russia was $35 a ton. On flour from the United States it was reduced by the treaty of 1803 to 117.80 a ton. Tho consequence was that our exports of wheat to Germany in 1802 wont up at abound, more thiui quadrupling. That year the United States furnishud nearly half the wheat that went into Germany. At this time Russia and Germany wore engaged in their mutual cutthroat tariff policy. Tho Gormau tariff ou Russian wbout won raised to f 17.80 a ton lout August Now, however, the RuMo-Gorinuu tariff'war having ended Buwiixn imports haveboeu placed by Germany ou the most favored nation basin. Tula your liuutioit whuat will go to the empire ou tho samo terms that oui whoat does. To raise a bushel of wheat in tho United States uud ship it to Gor many ousts 60 oouts a bushel Hussiu OHU do it far mow ohoaply. Tito prospect it, therefore, that there will bo loan demand from Geruiwy foi oar wheat than there wag last year. With tho great Holds of South America rapidly coming into competition with M wjiont ruuteri here can only look "' V/.-.-.-.-.I-.T.: •*! TWO HANDSOME FAIR BUILDINGS. The upper structure is the Manufactures and Fine Arts Building at the coming Northwest Interstate Fair, which opens at Tacoma. Wash., August 18 and will continue ten weeks. The Exposition Building below Illinois State Fair now being mult at Springfield. the $100,000 structure of the forward to the time when our own pop- nlation will need all our breadstuffs. Until then the thing for agriculturists to do is to diversify their crops, raising less wheat and more of other things. Some wheat farmers can profitably turn to dairying, others to fruit and vegetable raising, others still to poultry and livestock. One Thriving Industry. The. dairy interests of the United States amount annually to more than $150,000,000. While other rural industries are depressed and prices of products rule low, milk, butter and cheese command as good rates as they did 10 years ago. This is the case, too, in spite of the vast quantities of fraudulent butter in the shape of oleomargarine that flood the country. The principal reason for it is the improvement in the quality of the butter and cheese that are now put upon the market People eat more of them than they nsed to. The improvement ie so marked that the slovenly old fashioned farm .butter, of which , Henry Ward Beecher wrote years ago, when he was an agricultural editor, has vanished from the market in the large cities.' The improvement in quality of oni dairy products is undoubtedly owing to the work of the state agricultural experiment stations and the dairy schools in various parts of the Union. The first dairy school was established in Wisconsin four years ago. Iowa quickly followed suit, with the result that, all things considered, Wisconsin and Iowa are the leading dairy states in tbe country. Minnesota, New York, Pennsylvania and Vermont now have dairy schools. Each year new ones are started in additional states. Their influence is felt on the farms as well ae in the butter factories. Scientific butter making, with improved churns, the thermometer and cream separator, is work- Ing a revolution that will undoubtedly place the United States at tbe head of daiiy countries. Curious statistics of divorce are brought to light in an extra United States census bulletin. Tho figures in this bulletin quite contradict the ordinary impression that the old fashioned domestic ideas prevail more largely in country districts than in the cities. The tables show both that fewer people marry and more people get divorces in proportion to population in the rural portions than in the cities. After all the noise about tbe great number of divorces in this country they are not so very prevalent Only one couple to every 186 is divorced Considering tho possibilities of tho situation, this per cent in small indeed. The couples among whom divorce is most prevalent are negroes. Next come white native Americans. When a firm sells out its business to another, it is usually a sign either that the members of tho soiling firm are louing money or that they have made their fortunes aud want to quit Which it was in case of the National Elgin Watch company, that recently accepted from an English syndicate an offer of 17,000,000 for its plant, is not stated. Tho mikado of Japan has made a groat advance on tho woman question. By imperial decree a woman is uoroaft- or to bo permitted to live and die an old maid if she wants to. We hope tho Japanese women will appreciate tbis privilege more highly than some of their Christian sisters seem to. Much noiso is made over, tho fact that a white ape has been captured and token to London. Really, ore white apes so very scarce in Europe and America? Memorial day is » bettor name for the 80th of May than Decoration day. It is not a sign of blue blood to to •jhamed of your auoeitora. The boat races of the college girls at Wellesley, Vassal and elsewhere are" ginning to exciU as much interest M those of the Yal« and Harvard boy*. The Wounded In War. Archibald Forbes writes in Scribner's Magazine a paper which will set people Who read it to thinking. Forbes says he himself bos probably bandaged and attended to more wounded men under fire than any other man in Europe who is not a professional surgeon. He knows what the care of the wounded on the battlefield is and has been. He predicts what it will be in the future. It is somewhat startling to have him say that the fate of the wounded upon a battlefield will in future be much harder than it is now. With future great wars the word will be, "Woe to the wounded!" instead of, "Woe to the conquered 1" He bases this prediction upon the vastly improved machinery for killing people with which modern armies are equipped. Quick firing field guns and deadly small bore rifles are superseding the old heavy artillery and larger, slow* er rifles. Wherever the new arms have been tried they have proved far more deadly than the old shooting apparatus. In the Matabele war the Maxim gun mowed down the black savages as if they had been grain before a reaping machine. The destruction in modern warfare generally has been hitherto in the proportion of about one man killed to four wounded. But in the Chilean civil war of 1891, where the soldiers were armed with the German Mannlicher rifle, the proportion was reversed—four killed to one wounded. The new small, high speed bullet shoots to kill It goes straight through body and bone, cutting a clean round hole. For the man who gets it in a vital region there is no hope. Mr. Forbes says there will be no time or space for the bearer brigade to remove wounded from the battlefield of tbe futura In the great European battle, if it ever comes off, there will be a million contestant*. Even at the estimates made before the deadly modern weapons were invented, there will be of tbis number 140,000 killed and wounded. Thirty-five thousand would be killed, 70,000 slightly wounded and 85,000 severely wounded. Thus 105,000 wounded would have to be provided for. The bearers wbo ventured upon the battlefield to remove them would be shot down as they wont under tho destructive fire. Moreover, it would require so many men that they could not at all bo spared from active service. Tho general effect of this article by tho world's most famous war correspondent is to iudnoo the reader to hope that the world will never know such a great battle as bo pictures. A. Great Life. It is apt to' bo lost sight of that one of the first aims of human life is tho formation of a noble human being—in other words, character building. Every person may live a great Ufa It is not done by looking out for opportunities to do great things, and when they como doing them with a hurrah and a fuss. Tho Egyptian pyramids themselves were only constructed by putting ouo stouo upon another. The greatest lifo ever lived was built up slowly and painfully by doing small things in a great way day by day. One brick upon another, one noblo deed upon another, rounds out tho life, the greatest structure that ever was built Ho who resolves to be perfectly truthful aud lives up to his resolve* hai> taken the only course that will give bin) clear insight and mental exaotuena Bo who controls his temper and looks on all sides of a matter is fitting himself by aud by to control hit follow iwu. He who cultivates a gentle, generous nature sympathetic to nil mankind, considering them even OH ho would consider himself, is scattering a personal magnetism that will draw to him all the children of men aud givo him power over them. Thin is tho moaning of that Bible Buying, "Ho that losetu his life for my sake shall find it "^ "As a substitute for the kitchuu range, either the oil or gasoline stove is very dangerous when handled by idiots, inexperienced housokwjwrs, servants or children," ubwrvub the Philadelphia Tiuius, Went Point. Captain P. A. Mitoliel, author of the novels "Chattimooga" and "Chicka inaugn" and formerly of the army, has a paper in The North.American Review suggesting improvements iu the military academy at West Point. The nation's military school has not been materially changed since its beginning, in accordance with General Washington's desire, 100 years ago. The first act looking to the establishment of a military school was passed by congress May 7, 1704. Such changes as have been made have been mainly in the direction of enlarging the school. Captain Mitchel thinks the time has come to enlarge the scope of tho school and bring it up to the times. In brief, he would have its course divided into four different ones—for one, two, three and four year men respectively. The full four years' course he would have remain as it is at present to educate officers to enter the regular army. The others, at the end of their graduation from the various shorter courses, should be "scattered through the national guard, '•'to transmit what they have learned at West Point" He believes by that means we could have a ready drilled army of a million men at any time there was need of it It is to be hoped there never will be need again, but if there should be it will be best to have a disciplined army fit to enter the field. Captain Mitchel believes that, for a volunteer army and for tbe. national guard, officers that have been trained at West Point and afterward have entered civil life and become accustomed to its needs and work will prove better than those accustomed only to regular army methods and soldiers. He instances the Fact that of four great leaders in the late war—Grant, Sherman, Sheridan and Thomas—the first two had resigned from the army and were in civil life when their services were again called For by the country. "It is safe to say that of West Pointers nearest the rank and file—colonels, lieutenant colonels and majors—those who were in civil life after service with the old army were most efficient with volunteers." At the beginning of the late war there was suddenly need for 50,000 officers to lead an army of 1,000,000 men, nearly all volunteers, the writer tells us. For this task there were available of West Point graduates, both in civil and military life, only about 3,000 at most Strikes. The New Order of Chicago has this to say in regard to strikes: In the strike lust ended at Jersey City iron work* 300 men were out for six weeks. They lave now returned, some of them at an ad. auced wage of 25 cents a week. The average earnings of the men were, it Is said, $1.; per week, making tho cost of the strike to thorn us bo'dy $21,000. Suppose the money thus lost iad been used by these workmen to start a cooperative foundry, would the results have been more satisfactory and beneficent? What about the advisability of strikes? In he present great strike doubtless the strikers tad a real grievance, and no doubt the people would have been glad to see Mr. Pullman seize upon arbitration as a harmonious and equlta- >le method of settlement. But, as he did not ihoose to do so. are not strikes, destructions, riots, likely to do no permanent good, but rather may they not infinitely prejudice the lust minded against tho laborer? The ballot is i quieter nnd more potent Instrument of fair play. Learn to think for yourself, teach your leighbor to think for himself, and then vote for the laws that will enable you to materialize your high thinking If you wish to accomplish any lasting reform. There will soon be a new interoce- anio railway across the isthmus in Guatemala. A new port, named for President Barrios, hag been opened on the Atlantic side. On the Pnuifio side tho port is San Jose, By this new routo tho time from the Atlantic to tho Pacific will bo less than 10 hours. There will soon bo trade enough to keep all the railways busy that are built across the land between North and South America. But tho trade will never be Fully developed till the Nicaragua canal, owned and controlled by the United States, is iu active operation, with the ships of all the nations passing through it The present bicycle craze that is spreading over tho country is remarkable, especially among women. It seems as though all tho world has just found out how much fun there is to bo bad ou a wheel. At Newport ladies belonging to tho cream of society arc seen spinning along with tho best of the riders. Francos Willurd is a bicycle enthusiast She says, "Health, recreation and tho loveliest inspirations of my life I have hud while riding tho bicycle." Mr. J. W. Rodway has boon trying to account for tho world's treeless plains. Ho concludes that they arc destitute of trees because they have no streams of running water through them or have never been overflowed. Forest seeds are spread by running water, They aro flouted upon the current, and Whim the stream overflows they are cant over the level ground and sprout As long w wo know there IB plenty of gold in tho banks uud in tho United States treasury wo don't want it. Paper and small silver ohuugo aro preferred. But tho moment it is suspected there is not plenty of gold in tho country then everybody want* it very luuoh. A report was circulated that tho IIOUKU of ropnisdutativdH would strike out tho "oaui-oiBlith (inferential duty ou Bugar." Just huforu the report was mudu public Now York brokers had orders fruiu their Washington oftlcus to noil a large quantity uf sugar stock. Vacation Ttttife. Insanity is most prevalent attrong ths- classes of people whose lives are most monotonous. Even where the mind: does not go entirely off its balance the person whose thought is confined in one dull round becomes irritable, set in his ways and unhealthy. Old clerks, old teachers and did farmers who have pursued their one vocation without a break: 40 years or mote are noticeably peculiar, cranky and occasionally so eccentrio- that it is hard to say just where eccentricity ends and downright insanity begins. It is the terrible result of never giving their minds a vacation, There is no happiness except in constant change of some kind. This need not be change of place or occupation, but change of' mind, The one dull old current must be driven away and a new tide of fresh, sweeping, cleansing ideas flood the soul and wash out the corpses of the dead thoughts that will haunt persons whose lives run in one channel. Everybody needs a vacation of at least, one month every year. The farmer, whose busiest season is in the summer, ought to take his vacation in the winter, coming with his wife to the city and taking in town life. It is a pathetic- comment on the appalling dreariness of rustic life that more farm women go> crazed than any other class of people. Town people, whose lives are narrowed down between brick walls, and whose eyesight is harmed by bending over desks • eight or ten hours a day, should go to the country. The eyes should get accustomed to taking in long vistas of landscape; the cramped legs and body should stretch out at full length in daily walks. If you are rich enough, help somebody who is poor to take a vacation. Inland people should visit the seashore. Persons who live by the sea. should go to the mountains. Then, too, there are trips to Europe to be had very reasonably now. For the real vacation hunter who is tired out and wants rest the poorest place is a fashionable resort by sea, mountain or lake, where there are more dressing, late hours and dyspepsia in a week than the average city dweller gets in a month at home. For all but the merest shallow, artificial soul there will be a better vacation in a quiet spot as near to the heart of nature as one can get. The very rich can take a vacation when they like, but the individual who toils in office or factory the year around wants cheerful, jolly companions, outdoor life and plenty of sleep; also plenty of milk, fruits and fresh vegetables. The Berliner Tageblatt is advising German farmers to plant American corn. It speaks of the cheapness of this article, tells its readers what chemical constituents of live stock food maize is deficient in and mentions other articles of food to be used in connection with the corn that will supply what it lacks. The price of seed corn is given, and directions are printed for its plant- Ing and culture. While Indian corn will not fully mature in Germany, it will grow enough there to produce an excellent quality of fodder, and this is what the German paper desires farmers to cultivate it for. In its directions for planting The Tageblatt says of our Yankee corn: "One drills him, the first to the middle of May beginning, in from 45 to 60 centimeters apart rows, not too thin. Are the young plants finger long? so is the first hoeing, preferably horse hoeing, given." It is to be hoped that after this the German farmers will know unmistakably how to raise fodder corn. The fine Italian diplomacy of Pope Leo was never better exemplified than in his dictum on the cremation question. Appreciating fully the sanitary reasons iu favor of this mode of disposal of the dead and bearing in mind at the same time the church's traditional attitude on the question, he says that cremation is heretical in principle. Under certain conditions, however, which would involve a public scandal if cremation were not resorted to, tho pope permits priests to officiate at the funeral of a corpse that is to be incinerated. Priests may not go to a crematory, but they may perform rites over bodies that are to be taken thither. Probably big holiness had cholera, typhus and smallpox in his mind when he gave tbis qualified permission. • The old slave market where negroes were put upon the block and auctioned off is still shown as a curiosity in some of the southern cities. But the death of an old black woman, Lois Tritton, in New Haven, recalls tbe fact that New England, too, had her slave marts and sold negroes at auction a century ago. Lois Tritton was born a slave aud had been sold ou tho Now Haven green, Sue was 00 years old aud was said to be the last slave in New Haven to be sold on the green. The New York Herald in one of it* editorial Sunday sermons quotes among, others the following text, "For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thoe in all thy ways." Then follows the comment, "Tbe ministry of angel* is ouo of the important doctrines of the Chriotiun church; it ht also, one of the most neglected." Conun Doyle, who makes wore money out of his novuls than any other British writer, is coming to America to lecture Iu Cototor. lie in ouo of tho apostles and champions of a great friendly federation of ull English uueakiuK l>ooplei. This will doubtless be the tueuio of Ida eloquence. * •«'
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