Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan on June 10, 1965 · Page 4
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Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan · Page 4

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Thursday, June 10, 1965
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FOUR IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, I RON WOOD, MICHIGAN THURSDAY, JUNE 10,1945. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE "Th» Daily Glob* It an lnd«ptnd«nt newspaper, tupporting what It btlltvt* to b» right and opposing what it belitvei to bt wrong, rtgardl«»i of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and Impartially.' 1 -linwood I. Noyos. Editor and Publishe. 1927-1964. Mrs. Linweod I. Noyes. President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor ond Publisher Riots, Ruin, and Hell "All the Negro wants or deserves is the same chance the tchite man has . . . Until this is done, there nrc. going to be rials, runs, and hell. Since llic ichitc man knows the solution, ti-hij doesn't he stop beating the devil around the bush am] apply ihc remedy?'—Mam Clayton Powell. Sr., Riots and Ruin (1945) It was the biggest and most destructive revel in Harlem's history. The Mayor of New York hurried from his home to tour Harlem in a sound truck, shouting: "Go back to your homes! This is not a race riot. All looters will be prosecuted!" Harlem as one people booed the Mayor. The pillagers hastened their pace, each avid for his share of the booty. The Mayor made a series of radio broadcasts, speaking soothingly, insisting that the violence in progress was not a race riot, nor part of one, but the work of vandals, scavengers, and opportunists. "I am sorry if I am interrupting my program," the Mayor said in his most reassuring manner, "but I am sure yon will bear with me. because if I did not deem this of the utmost importance, I would not importune you at this time." Harlem's main streets were closed to traffic. The street lights went on, and suddenly the ghetto was a brilliantly-lighted enclave shining in the heart of a somber metropolis, Five thousand policemen 'and squads of soldiers moved through Harlem arresting looters «nd dispersing crowds. The Mayor opened the National Guard Armory to contain the prisoners who were overflowing Harlem's jails. At dawn, the ghetto's streetcorners were crowded with Negroes bartering thoir loot, xell- iong bottles ol whisky for a dollar, wine for 15c, and all manner'of other paltry prize*. Five were dead, 500 injured, 600 arrested, No accurate count could be made of the businesses that were ruined. The Mayor was not Robert F. Wagner, Jr, but Fiorello La Guardia. The year was not 19&4 but 1943. The account above is slightly paraphrased from a recent book on Harlem's 20th century race troubles. The Harlem riot of 1943 came six weeks after a Detroit outbreak of racial violence that had been quelled only by the use of federal troops from Fort Custer. It had been a year of racial street olashes-the zoot suit riot in Los Angeles, a four-day orgy in Mobile, the razing of a Negro neighborhood in Beaumont, Texas. The riots of 1953 were somehow more understandable than those which were to come in 1964. A wartime society had only stingily redeemed the promises that had been made for Neero manpower, but city authorities had not read the warning in the streets. TwentV'One years went by and the warnings were still unheeded. Last summer the Associated Press counted one dead, 141 injured, 519 arrested, and 522 property damage incidents in New York City's riots. The score in Rochester was four dead, 350 injured, 973 arrested; in Jersey City, 46 injured, 52 arrested, more than 100 Stores looted; in Paterson and Eliza- beth, more than 100 arrested; in Philadelphia, one dead, 127 injured, more than 100 arrested, Police in the big cities are bracing themselves again for the unknown dangers of a long hot summer. But except for meagre efforts by federal, state, and municipal governments to find summer jobs for disadvantaged city youths and for beefing up of the police here and there, the reading is much like last year's. Adam Clayton Powell, Harlem's congressman, on June 6 with scorn—and a certain smugness—"Nothing is going to be done to cool the summer of discontent." Aid for Mrs. Kennedy The Independent Offices funds bill (HR 7997) now before the Senate Appropriations Committee carries a little notice item that furnishes a good example of congressional solicitude for Presidential widows. The Presidential Pensions Act of 1958 (PL 85745) provides a $10,000 annual pension to widows of former Presidents, who also enjoy free franking (mailing) privileges for life In a special measure signed into law (PL 88-195) on Dec. 11, 1963, less than three weeks after John F. Kennedy's assassination, Cont'ress authorized the General Service Administration to furnish Mrs, Kennedy suitable office space, supplies, and equipment for one year nt a place she would specify. She also was provided an office staff with an aggregate compensation of $50,000 for one year. Included were $15,000 for funeral and burial expenses for the martyred President, Secret Service protection for Mrs, Kennedy and her children was provided for two years, The appropriation for an office staff was renewed last year. This year $65,000 wasr requested for Mrs. Kennedy's staff, but in the Independent Offices bill which cleared the House on May 11 that amount was reduced to *50,000. The House Appropriations Committee had noted that "a need exists for such assistance in answering several hundred letters daily." The Senate is expected readily to concur in the House provision for Mrs. Kennedy's staff. A Shrug of the Shoulders Viet Cong terrorists are using a tactic in South Viet Nam which could very well be called germ warfare, charges an editorial in a recent issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association. The tactic is interference with efforts to control malaria, Vietnamese villagers have be« come reluctant to take part in malaria eraclic- tion programs, says the JAMA, because the guerrillas have to date killed 12 workers, disabled two, left 58 missing and kidnaped 44, who were later released, As to calling this germ warfare, the editorial asks: "Would world opinion, which rebelled against nausea gases, catalogue it otherwise?" The answer is obvious, but it is not, unfortunately, what the journal thinks. World opinion, including the opinion of too many Americans, will brush aside this example? of Communist terrorism as it has others in the past. Some Hidden Johnson History r.KK."V;U!Su lu B,,, »v '<*» Recently I wrote a column about Rajmohan Gandhi, the grandson of India's revered, liberator, which praised the young man for seeing virtue in Lyndon Johnson's' military intervention to save Southeast Asia from communism. In doing the column I made note of the fact that Rajmohan Gandhi was a follower o| the Western Moral, Re-armament Movement. This, I said, posed something of a contradiction for--! am quoting the column—"The Moral Rearmament Movement was identified in the 1930"s with pacifism." This statement has resulted in a score of pro- te«t« from members of-Moral Re-armament— and in pursuing the matter to see whether the request for a correction is justified I have come upon something that may be an important part of the hidden history of our times, Before going into that, however, let me first make my amends. Whether Moral Re-armament, an Interfaith religious movement founded by Frank Buchman, was pacifistic or not, it was condemned in some quarters in the thirties as such. To check my memory for writing the column in quejtion, I looked up the history of Moral Rearmament in the Encyclopedia Britannica. The Encyclopedia article did not mention pacifism, but it said the movement encountered criticism In the thirties because of "alleged Nazi sympathies." This I took to be a mean way of interpreting the pacifistic charge, so I decided to stand on the less offensive phraseology, Now, the Encyclopedia Britannica could be misled by hearsay, and this column could be misled too, in passing along an ancient bit of criticism. Since Moral Re-armament offers •em* Imprwsive testimony that it was never ptdfistic, I am glad to apologize for giving renewed eunwney to what it resents as an old canard, And now to the interesting matter. The late Peter Howard, who •ucceeded, Frank Buchman as the world leader of Moral Re-armament, . wap a friend and confidant of President Diem tjf South Viet Nam. Apparently Diem, like Mahatma Gandhi's grandson, had become converted to Moral Re-armament ideas of an interfaith crusade to save the world from all varieties of materialism, communism included. Said Peter Howard in a speech at the Commonwealth Club of San Francisco, reported in the Moral Re-armament magazine "Dare"; "Diem wished to use films, literature and travelling teams of ideologically trained men ... to saturate Viet Nam with Moral Re-armament ideas." But, so Howard recalled for his San Francisco listeners, Diem "was overruled by certain people in the United States State Department." Diem was evidently regarded as a dreamer in addition to being stiff-necked. But whether the ideas of Moral Rearmament have any validity for a Southeast Asian country or not, it remains true that Diem, as Peter Howard put it at San Francisco, was "the only person so far who had the strength, the stubbornness, the will, to enforce stability on a country which i* so terribly hard to govern." In recalling the events that led to the murder of Diem, Peter Howard made this unequivocal statement: "To the credit of President Johnson who is a man, whatever views you take of politics, with guts and foresight—he did his very best, as Vice President of this country, to stop the policy then being, pursued by some elements in the State Department to get rid of Diem. He predicted the chaos and disintegration that might follow the annihilation of Viet Nam's lost leader." Where Peter Howard "got this information about Lyndon Johnson's hidden history as Vice President I do not know. Howard died recently in Peru, and ht cannot b« summoned to amplify his testimony. However, it checks with what is known about Lyndon Johnson's reactions to the Bay of Pigs and to the Cuban missile crises, in both of which his counsel was to use enough force to win a victory that would stick, LBJ's present is apparently a continuation ol his past-and for that the "liberals" will not forgive him. Democracy Finally Comes to Santo Domingo Today in National Affairs By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON i public policy for this exemption W h e n' to continue to exist in its pre- does industrywide bargain! n g I sent form, or at all, or whether by employers and labor unions constitute a monopolistic practice In violation of antitrust laws? The Supreme Court of the United States has just rendered decisions which indicate that in some instances an agreement by a national labor union with a number of employers could fix waee scales high enough to force marginal companies out of business and thus violate antitrust statues. While the decisions announced this week in two cases were in themselves significant, the opinions of both the majority and minority reveal that the whole question of labor-union monopolies has yet to be threshed out and the law set forth plainly to guide both employers and unions. Justice White, in deliver! n g the majority opinion in a case remanded to a lower court for further proceedings, pointed put that when a union enters into a conspiracy with large operators in the coal business "to Impose the agreed upon wage and royalty scales upon the smaller, nonunion operators, regardless of their ability to pay and regardless of whether or not the union represented the employees of these c o m - panies, all for the purpose of eliminating them from the i n - dustry, limiting production and pre-empting the market for the large, unionized operators," auch an agreement becomes subject to prosecution u n d er the antitrust laws. £ £ But the same opinion, oddly enough, says it is "beyond question that a union may conclude a wage agreement for the multi-employer bargain! n g unit without violating the antitrust laws and that it may as a matter of its own policy; and not by agreement with all o r part of the employers of that unit, seek the same wages from other employers." From this it would appear that there are certain methods to avoid antitrust iction and still make industrywide agreements. But, unfortunately, the court's decision does not spell them out in a way that will really be of guidance to either employers or unions. Justice Goldberg, former secretary of labor, in a dissenting opinion applying to both cases decided this week, admits that congress has the right to put restrictions upon the bargaining process so as to avoid any form of monopoly, and that he present statutes of congress do grant exemptions from antitrust prosectuion, But he adds: "Whether it is wise or sound the exemption gives too much power to labor organisations, is solely for congress to determine. The problem of the application of the antitrust laws t o collective bargaining is but another aspect of the question of whether it is sound public policy to recognize or to limit the 'right of Industrial c o m - batantp, to push their struggle to the limits of the justification of self-interest.' " The second case decided o n Monday Involved an understanding between emplo y- ers and la b o r unions in the meat-cutting business in Chicago. A collective-bargain! n g agreement, which had been executed after joint multi-employer and multi-union negotiations, declared that market-operating hours would be limit e d from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m,, Mondays through Saturdays. While the agreement was upheld as legal, some of the dissenting justices pointed out that this action by the court took away from certain employers t h e ir right to compete by staying open certain hours when their competitors were closed. In a dissenting opinion, Justice Douglas, along with Justices Black and Clark, expressed the belief that the law of the land today is still what was set forth in the famous Allen- Bradley case, decided in 1945 and subsequently reaffir m e d and approved on numerous oa casions. In that, case, the court had mied: "We think Congress never intended that unions could consistently with the Sherman Act, aid non-labor groups t o create business monopolies and to control the marketing of goods and services." The dissenting justices, i n passing on the action of t h e meat cutters in Chicago, said in this week's case: a a a "The unions here induced a large group of merchants to use their collective, strength t hurt others who wanted the competitive advantage of s e 1 ] Ing meat after 6 p.m. "Unless Allen-Bradley is eith er overruled or greatly im paired, the unions can no more aid a ?roup of businessmen tt force their competitors to f o 1 low uniform store marketing hours *han to force them t sell at fixed prices. Both prac tices cake away the freedom o traders to carry on their bus iness in their own competitiv fahoin." A reading of the voluminou opinions in the two cases thi week gives the impression tha every case will have to be de cided on its merits and tha there is by no means an unanimity on the subject o how far labor unions can go i making multi-employer a g r ee ments which hurt margi n a companies and eventually put some of them out of business. • v " ' "Ita National Whirl&i^ ^ *7» ... _ ; -'^L'xf> * ii:*: -;.-.• . -. _. • . ^^^ ^^ WASHINGTON — Even though Lyndrin Johnion Is a man who Ikes to carry eve,ry preclnot, I 0o not think he is sulking In his Anercromble and Fitch tent over losing the poet vote. Until ID became President, I don't be- ieve Johnson had ever heard of Robert Lowell or Stanley KiiniU or Alan Dugan, although t h e name Lowell might have rung bell as reminiscent of a high- oned bunch In Massachusetts thai once wielded a modicum of political power, ,, ... Nevertheless, U Is news when somebody, even a poet, turns down an invitation to the White House, Lowell, whose Jingles won a Puntaer Prlae, says he won't take part In the "White House Festival of the American Arts" June 14 because he is dismayed by the Administration's foreign policy. Meanwhile, Kunitz and Dugan and a clutch of other gentuses from the world of arts and letters have fired off a tele< grain to Johnson supporting Lowell's stand and adding some nasty cracks of their own, A DIFFERENT MCCARTHY -This group Includes the novelist, Mary McCarthy, generally regarded as heavyweight champion of the egghead class, whose most recent work, "The Group," related the adventures of some Vat^ar girls after their discovery of • the birds-and-bees bit. Miss McCarthy has lived i n Paris for some years, which offers her a splendid vantage point from which to polish her expertise on American foreign policy. There are others among these dissenters whose names, while not exactly on every housewife's lips, are reasonably well known —Bill styron, Robert Penn warren, Phil Roth and the cartoonist Jules Feiffer. But the fact remains they are not well known to Lyndon Johnson, He is not that kind of a President. GAVE CULTURE KICK A TRY—To be sure, the President and Lady Bird have dutifully tried to curry on where JacK and Jarklf Kennedy left off In the culture Wok, Artists, writers and poets have been invited to take pot luck at White House dinners, arid Johnson, even hired himself a tame thinker, whose riamt now escapes me. Anyw«y, tlie, Johnsons havt come out more or less whole hog for the couth life, They art frequently seen laying cornerstones to opera houses, or something, and Lad&.Bird has en- courted young people to read books and look at paintings, An amiable man, the President never shows his impatience with poems that don't- rhyme,", although his taste in pict urea runs to the lusty products of Frederick Remington and Al qapp. * a * NOT THE TYPE—Nevertheless, Lyndon Johnson is not the Robert Lowell or Mary McCarthy type President. He is too much a son of his Texas environment, too much the businesslike, practical man. When the poet, Archibald MacLeish, criticized our tactics in Viet Nam and Santo Domingo as an "exercise of power," Johnson undoubtedly wondered aloud what power is for, if not to exercise, With a war on in Viet Nam, Lyndon Johnson would not fault his own policy because it is what the Lowell-McCarthy- Styron group calls "militaristic." Possibly, the wor.ld of arts and letters is living too much in tl.e recent past. Ever .since the assassination in Dallas, it has seemed to level a kind of spiteful grief at Lyndon Johnson, merely because he is not Jack Kennedy. The poets and the writers and the painters lament the loss of "style" and "grace" in the White House at though it were grounds for impeachment of its present occupant. But Lyndon Johnson, who has a style of his own, won't miss their neurotic support be^ cause he remains happily incapable of remembering their names The Doctor Says By W. G. BRANDSTADT, M.D. Q — A friend of mine had a Pap smear test. The doctor said the cells didn't look good so he told her to take vinegar douches daily. About a month later a test was made and it was satisfactory. She said she had cancer cells the first time. If they were cancer cells how could the vinegar clear them up? A — Positive identification of Business Mirror By SAM DAWSON AP Business News Analyst NEW YORK (AP) — Cutting down the amount of silver in U.S. coins isn't likely to lick the shortage of metal for some time. Industrial demand has risen too fast, and world production has lagged too badly, for any quick solution to the shortage problem. Some think it could take five years at least to bring supply and demand into line. The Johnson administration proposes tq eliminate silver in dimes and quarters and to cut pieces. The idea is to save Uncle Sam's dwindling .supply of the metal — once so huge as to be considered a burden — and to remove him as a competitor with industry for, any new supplies. ' ' * a a About $500 million a year of the metal is going into U,S, coins as the mints strive to cope with the demand. The rapid rise of vending machine living is only one reason for the growing demand for coins. Affluent Americans buying more things requires more Day in History By THE ASSOCIATED PRES Today is Thursday, June 10, the 161st day of 1965. There are 204 days left in the year, Today's highlight in history; On this date in 1940 Mussolini's Italy declared war against France and Britain — and President Franklin Roosevelt condemned the action with the famous words: "The hand that held the dagger has stuck it into the back of its neighbor " he types of cells seen in a Pap smear requires a vast experi- mce. Cells that are hard to classify are often seen. That is the reason for the re.check The fact that no cancer cells were found on re-examination would indicate ;hat the suspected cells were not truly cancer c e 11 s. Vinegar douches would not cause * the disappearance of a cancer and, f a cancer was present, ..true cancer cells would almost surely •• be present in the smear. Q — My' doctor says I have hyperventilation syndrome. What s this and is there a cure for it? A — Hyperventilation is the result of breathing too deeply and too fast. The spells usually come on just after some emo- ;ional crisis. The excessive breathing washed too much carbon dioxide out of your blood. This may result in chest pa.ir% muscular twitching or even.fa.iatf ing. On this date In 1610, the first Dutch sol- use of it by half in 50-cent change m moTe pockets -And the very growth of the population itself creates a demand for Ironwood Daily Globe .. '•JJWi. even "»M. exc«pt IUP<Uy» t>» QlQto Publishing Company, U9 U McLifxxi Avc.. irgnwood, Miehinn, Kltabllihtd Nov. 10. 1919. I Iron wood News-Record acquired April 16 1921; IrM»WMMl Tlm»i acquired May U. IMA.) Second class postage paid at Ironwood. Michigan. HDNBEB OF THE ASSOCIATE* fRESS Tht Auoeiated Press I* entitled exclusively to the use for republcation of all the local news printed In this newspaper, as well aa all AP news dis- M>«» f v A»oel*tlen. Bt«ramerlcan . 9t9tt Amtlatiw, MM* Dally Press Asseetatlem. Bureau el Advertising, Michigan fireu|»' itltm, Audit Subscription rates: By mall within a radius of 60 miles— per year. 19; six months. 15; three months. S3; one ••nth. *).M, No mau «vibKHpUen» fold ana IwaWoM where ••rriit irTptions mutnuinwl, one month. »l po All ,— ,,„ ptyabl* In ariv«n««.>.By carrier, $20.80 ptr year In advance; by the week, to cento. Record of the Past 10 YEARS AGO — Temperatures: High 88, low 52 .... Mr. and Mrs, Albert Smetana and daughter, Plane, attended graduation exercises of their son, Duane, at West Point Military academy, New York. Duane was one of 35 distinguished cadets out of his class of 475 graduates to receive academic honors at a colorful retreat review before President Eisenhower and other military commanders .... With 705 per sons taking guided tours of the White Pine minesite yesterday and 250 more .taking the trip this morning the total for the first day and a half of the two day schedule was pushing the 1,000 mark. 80 YEARS AGO - Temper atures: High 68, low 59 . . . The IronWood city commission will h o Id , »_ special . meeting Monday, June I, for the p u r post of nominating and appointing members to a nine-m a n city planning commission, provided for in an ordinance adopted in March, 1944 The Wakefield tennis squad, won the team trophy at the ypper Penlnsula.tennis tournament which was completed Friday in Wakefleid' after having b:een postponed : since June 1 because of unsuitable weather. more coins. But the industrial uses of sil« ver have been the big new factor in the demand situation. The silverware industry is only part of this picture And it now accounts for only a minor part of the total industrial use. Photography uses considerably more than silverware. The use goes all the way from snapshots to X-ray films, industrial photography, defense photography. Silver goes into almost «n household appliances, autos, radios, television sets, telephones and mirrors At the manufacturing level, silver js used in motors and generators, aircraft, atomic reactor control rods, farm machinery, switches and controls, electronic data processing equipment. * P * The defense ipdustry is taking diers reached Manhattan Island. In 1939, King George and Queen Elizabeth were guests of honor at the New York World's Fair. In 1942, the German Gestapo wiped out the village of Lidice, in Czechoslovakia In 1843, President Roosevelt signed the pay-as-you-go-tax bill. In 1945, Gen. Dwight Eisenhower received the highest Soviet award, the Order of Victory. Ten years ago — Lt. Gen Isaac Davis was named corn mander of the u s ath Army in the Far East, Five years ago — A Trans Australian airliner crashed of Queensland, killing aU 29 aboard. One year ago — The Senate voted cloture on the civil rights bill, ending a 15-day filibuster The spells can be. relieved by holding your breath or breathing in and out of-a paper bag held tightly over your nose an d mouth. The only cure is to learn to recognize your bouts of rapid deep breathing and relax ;.••-' Q — In the last four years three fatty tumors or lipomas have come out on different parts of my body. What causes the.m? : Should they be removed?, ( .A —Lipomas are very com- com and are caused by hereditary factors that do not show lap at birth but later in life. They'a're harmless and should not be.=re- i inoved. unless they get so big they > are painful or in a place where they are unsightly or in the v/ay. Q — I have two ruptured ear- i drums. Is there any opera t i on that win correct this? ,,-.. A — Yes. It is possible for • an ear specialist to reflect a flap ; of the membrane that lines the : ear canal and cqver the opening and then fasten it in place.. Q •** In a recent article- you said that palsy might follow an attack of enqephalitis. Does the type or severity of the encephalitis have any bearing on this? A — Apparently only those Who had the epidemic encephalitis that occurred in the early GUATEMALA (AP)—Terror-' 1920s developed this, compljca- types of increasing amounts. Rockets oil tanks and two private homes. and missiles find it essential. Supersonic aircraft and radar, submarine and torpedo batteries demand silver. Electrical | equipment ,U8e» <»ven more of the metal. Terrorists Strike In Guatemala City GUATEMALA (AP)- ists aruck for the second UQn> Tnere a i" e , .. straight night in Guatemala encephalitis but no recurrence of City Tuesday night, bombing the * e epidemic type has been re- Costa Rican consulate. The blast Ported, caused only minor damage. seven bombs were set oft on r* I r\ , Monday night, slightly damag-j MITiely QUOT6S ing the Brazilian and Nicaraguan embassies and hitting two Production hasn't Kept page with rising demand The Interi- Departmtnt that A Daily Thought In hope he bflieved against, hope, that he should become, the father of many nations; as h€ has bein told ' " So sha11 your We feel that any time we can get bombings stopped in a community, our service has. been qf value. • "-.-•.. —Calvin I^ytle, pf .tne-Commu- pity Relations Servioe. onjtlie group's efforts at, smoothing out civil rights problems. ' The law is set up gg that it Ujj too long to process a recent months in the United States, But it still doubts if American production can supply more than , a third of U;S. industrial demand in the next fve lye ars. If you have built oastjes in nient, Ami go do j the air, Your work need not be lost; that is where they should be. Now put foundations under them. - Henry David Thoreau. -Mrs. Virginia Brown, The only woman member of the. interstate Commerce ' USE DAILY ULOBfc,

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