The Carroll Sentinel from Carroll, Iowa on July 20, 1894 · Page 6
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The Carroll Sentinel from Carroll, Iowa · Page 6

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Friday, July 20, 1894
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," ^paWflB Carroll DAILY AND WEEKLY. By POWKHS & COLCLO. SUBSCRIPTIONS. •ngleeopr, any address, per jest ....»» OU * paid in iHlvHnce 1 "° TB» dUNTiNKL It a straight-out Democratic •wtpaper working (or the advancement ol the terests of the cause In Northwestern Iowa. ADVEnTlSlNO. Ttie circulation of TH« BKNTINKL exceeds that al AD> paper on the C. & N. W. Railway west ot rianhalltowu. Our lists tire open to an) adver- Mer. We have good lists In every town on all branch roads, Hats reaching the best farmer* and business men In ever; community. Rates on Ml classes ot advertising reasonable. Schedule •ftatec furnished on application to the office. 0 jrrespondence desired on all topics of general Interest. Be brief, write proper names plainly, and bare your letter reach us early as Wednesday evening. Address, THE SENTINEL, Carroll, towa. Kntere at the Carroll, Iowa, postofflce, as se •nd class matter. Published weekly. FBIDATT, Jut* 20, 1894. |8ce preceding page tor late telegraphic news.] Democratic Judicial Convention. The Democrat? of the 16th judicial (list- Tictof Iowa, will meet in delegate convention at Carrol I. Iowa, on Tuesday, August 7,1891 at 10 o'clock a. m. for the purpose of nominating two candidates for the office of district judge, and for the transaction of such oilier business as may be brought before the convention. Each county will be en tilled to two dele.•gales and one additional delegate for every 225 votes and fraction o£ 115 or over cast tor Grover Cleveland for president at the general election in 1892. The counties of the district wi'l be entitled to delegates as follows: Counties. Votes. Del. Oilman 110* 7 CMroll 2373 13 Crawford 2270 12 Greene 1331s 8 M».. 1190 7 ; £c.::...:.. 1253 s By order of the judicial committee. J. M. DREES, Chairman. Democratic County Convention. The Democrats of Carroll county will «eet in convention at the court house in Carroll, Thursday, July 2*5, 1894. at 10 «'cloek a. m., sharp* for the purpose of se- Jectlug delegates to attend the state, judicial and'congressional conventions. Also to nominate the following county officers: One candidate for county auditor. One candidate for clerk of the district One candidate for county recorder. One candidate for county attorney. One candidate for supervisor. Tlie ratio of representation will be one delegate from each ward or township and •ne additional deleeate for each 20 votes and fraction over 10 cast for Horace Boles for governor at the general election of 1893. Based thereon townships and wards will be entitled to delegates as follows: Jasper Knlest Vheatland ........... Arcadia .............. Carroll, outside — " let ward ..... " 2dward ...... " 3d ward ...... " 4th ward ..... fetal. Grant 5 Glldden 6 Blchlaud 3 Pleasant Valley.... 4 Roselle 10 .Washington. 8 Warren 12 Kden 7 Newton 4 Cnloa 6 ~m pose of selecting nine delegates to attend the county convention. FRANK SALMEN, Chairman. The Democrats of Arcadia township are requested to meet In caucus at Arcadia, on Saturday, July 21, at 7:30 p. m., for the purpose of selecting nine delegates to attend the county convention. J. B. BOLKB, Chairman. The Democrats of Carroll township are requested to meet In caucus at Balrd's school house, on Saturday, July 21, at 2 p. m., for the purpose of selecting seven dcleaatesto attend the county convention. Tuos. RICH, Chairman. The Democrats of Carroll first ward are requested to meet in caucus at superln- dent's office in court house, on Saturday. July 21, at 7:30 p. m., for the purpose of selecting five delegates to attend theeoun-- ty convention. JAS. TirosirsoN, Chairman. The Democrats of Carroll second ward are requested to meet in caucus at grand jury room in court house, on Saturday, July 21, at 7:30 p. m.. for the purpose of selecting four delegates to attend the county convention. C. C. Cor.cLo, Chairman. The Democrats of Carroll third ward are requested to meet in caucus at clerk's office in court house, on Saturday, July 21, at 7:30 p. m., for the purpose of selecting six delegates to attend the county convention. W. O. RICH, Clinlrman. The Democrats of Carroll fourth ward ore requested to meet in caucus at the rotunda of the court house, on Saturday, July 21, at 7:30 j). m., for tho .purpose of selecting five delegates to attend the county convention. PKTEBBEHGEB, Chairman. The Democrats of Grant township are requested to meet in caucus at school house No. 6, on Saturday, July 21, at 4 p. m., for the purpose of selecting five delegates to attend the county convention. JAS. M. BOYCE, Chairman. The Democrats of Bichland township are requested to meet in caucus atBlchland center school house on Saturday, July 21, 1894, at 1 p m tor the purpose of selecting three delegates to attend the county convention. EPHKA.IM SAPP, Chairman. The Democrats of Pleasant Valley will meet at the Center school honse at four o'clock, July 21, for the purpose of selecting five delegates to attend the countycon- vention, and to transact such other business that may come before the caucus. J. B. NEPPEB, Chairman. The Democrats of Rose He township arc requested to meet in caucus at Roselle, on Saturday, July 21, at 7 p. m,. for the pur- ose of selecting ten delegates to attend le county convention. 1. W. HOFFMAN, Chairman. The Democrats of Washington township re requested to meet In caucus at Center chool house, on Saturday, July 21, at H .m.,for the purpose of selecting eight elegates to attend to county convention. C. II. FIENKER, Chairman. The Democrats of Eden township are equested to meet in caucus at Templeton n Saturday, July 21, at 7 o'clock p. m., for le purpose of selecting seven delegates to ttend the county convention. K. E. DAKOIN, Chairman. The Democrats of Newton township are .•quested to meet in caucus at the council oom in Dedhamon Saturday, July 21, at :30 p. m. for the purpose of selecting four elegates to attend the county convention BeN.i EDWARDS, Chairman. be supreme oonrt he baa naded to bis eputation BB n jurist and his opinions' re looked upon by members ot the bur n this state with more than the ordinary aspect which always attends Upon the ligbest oonrt ot oar slate. Judge Einne's ippoiutment would be considered a great ompllment to the Democracy ot Town, which universally esteems him as a judge ind H citizen, and wonld put npon the ederal bench a man who tor legal learti- og hue no superior among those mentioned for the place, and who above all is an lonest man and a just judge. NeceaVar;' for choice .......... . . . ....... 66 Unless otherwise designated by town•hip or ward conunttteemen caucuses to •elect delegates to the county convention will be held Saturday, July 21. at such places and time as the committeeuien may Carroll, Iowa, June 12, 1894. JAS. THOMPSON, Jon NT. JAY, Secretary. _ Chairman. Congressional Convention. The Democratic congressional conven lion for the tenth district will be held at Boone August 10, at 10 a. m. Carroll county will be entitled to thirteen delegates in the convention. T. F. BBBEN. Chairman. ANNOUJfOEAlENTS. FOB CODNTY ACDITOB. I hertbr announce my name as a candidate for •omlnutlon for the office ot county auditor be- fnre the Democratic county convention and will SeMfully abide the result, W. P. HOHDACII. FOH CODNTV ATT011NBV, I hereby announce myself an a candidate for Ibeiioniliiatlon for tho office of county attorney, subjected to tho pleasure of the Democratic Sunty cSuvention _ GEO. W. KOBTB. FOB BCPIIIVIBOH. I hereby announce myself as a candidate for Hie nomination to the office of county supervisor kefore the Democratic county ccon ^'$°.° gI!B thereby fcnnounceroyialf as t candidate for in* nomination of county supervisor before tho Democratic county convention. Eu DAUI. I hereby announce myteltst. a candidate tor Ine office of supervisor, subject to the will of tho Democratic county convention.^ toil 11KCOKDIR. I hereby place my announcement before tbe Democrats of Oarroll county as a candidate for Die nomination for county recorder subject to the pluosure of tlie Democratic county convention, 0, W. tJUONICR 1 hereby announce myself as a candidate for UM nomination for county recorderbefore t be Dwnomtlc county coiiveuUou.and will cbeef ulty accept the result. JOK KKMI'KKH. I hereby imn«uuco my nauio before the Democratic county convention for nomination for the < fllue of county recorder, subjeot to the •leaeure of the delegates when In convention •sienibled. OHJ I hereby announce my name SB it candidate iur nomination to the olllco of county reuor 4u BuUlecl to the will of the Democratic county wnveutlon. 0«o, A. HOFFMAN. I hereby respectfully announce mytoH a» candidate for tbe nomination for the office o county recorder, Butjuct to tbe will ot thi Democratic county cottventloB. ' I hereby announce myself si a candidate fo tbe nomination for tho onloe of county reoorda subject to the pleasure of tho Democrutio uouu UconvVntlon. V*T*H STWIUNV. FOU CODMTV OtKUK, t hereby announce my name an a oaudldat •u the nomination or county clerk before th jSlUQoratlc county convention. J. Hi nnounue myself at a candidate fo of county oletk before tho Democrat! ' 10, WM.'Li*NUKNFKU>< lunoe myaelf before th« Demo flouniia* a candidate for re the office of clerk of the dlBtrlu • •• - -ligature of tho Domo Oauouaea. Tl»e Democrats of Jasper towu8lil|> ar inueited to meet In caucus at tlie Wli 'r 1 sobofll house on Baturd»y, July 21, a , (or the purposeof selectlni.' Umi Tbe two term rule is quietly sleeping under tbe willows. Langenfeld, Sohroeder and Eennebeok ire all after the nomination for county lerk. Tbe six candidates for domination for eoorder are having a good natnred time all to themselves. Is tbe two term rule dead or only ileepingf Probably it haa^served its usefulness and will be laid by for fotnre use. Utah has been admitted to statehood, President Cleveland signed tbe bill Tnes day. Utah will add tbe forty-fifth star o our flag. It is not always tbe candidate tbs does tbe most talking that knocks the >ersimmon, but the moat bustling. over that one tbe Tomorrow tbe primaries over tbe ooun r will b» held and then tbe candidates will hustle until the' twenty-sixth. convention on tbe Four candidates are out for supervisor All ol them are good men and tbe nomi nation of either of them will ba goot enough for us, thank yon. Ex-Governor Boies has kindly consent ed to address tbe Democratic state con vention this year. His speech will be of unusual interest, for it will no doubt in a measure outline tbe policy on wbhh tbe state campaign is to be fought by tbe Democrats. are pleased lo know that his reign if At an end nud that country it) sgaiu interruptedly. i be business ot tbe being curried on uu- the county convention. —*- j{ UOJSUJ!!Bl oiialnnaii. towiislilp will There bas been considerable speculation regarding tbe action of tba coming convention, but we predict that tbe delegates will ba governed by their usual good judgment and tba^ tbe deliberations will be in liue with tbe policy laid down by previous conventions and adopted by the party. The New York World, during tbe strike week, reached the enormous average circulation of 567,110 per day Wednesday's circulation being 688,261. This is probably tbe largest oiroulation ot any newspaper in tbe world and reached because ot the World's fairness in its news reports, It bas become so thoroughly well known thst tbe World gives tba newa as it is, regardleas of wboae toes ara injured thereby, that whan people want tbe news they buy tbe World, regardlaaa ot their party preferences. Judge Kiuue, ot the Iowa Supreme court, is spoken of for tbe appointment to tbe federal bench, provided for by tbe law giving an additional judge to tba eighth judicial circuit. President Oleve laud could not possibly make a better selection. As u district judge Mr, Kuine won a reputation for learning and judicial impartiality tbut assured bia election to ihe supreme bfeuou even in Republican The Tariff Bill. The conference committee appointed •y the house and the senate to try and djnat tbe differences between these two >odies failed to come to an agreement and have so reported to these bodies ibe difference between them is very marked and it will require considerable liplomaoy on the part of the leaders to >revent the bill from failing to pass at bis late stage. The greatest trouble is xperienoed on coal, iron ore and tbe ine-eighth of a cent differential on reined sugar The honse insists OD free raw materia and the placing of coal and iron ore on be free list. Congressman Wilson said esterday in speaking to the house that IB was opposed to congress evei adjourn- ng until the differential rate on sugar was repealed. 'A new committee was ippointed by tbe house for another oon- ereube. Tbe senate will today ippoint a similar committee, when tanator Hill will make the motion to instruct the senators on the committee to vote for free coal and^ iron ore. This will be a critical moment in the senate bnd the result of this vote is awaited with considerable interest. The president is determined that free raw material shall be a feature of tbe bill or it will receive his veto. He says in a letter to Chairman Wilson, that: "My public life has been so closely related to tbe subject, and I have so longed for its accomplishment, I have so often promised ,ts realization to my fellow countrymen as a result ot their trust and confidence in tbe Democratic party, I hope no excuse is necessary for my earnest appeal to you in this crisis that yon strenuously insist on party honesty, good faith and steady adherence to Democratic principles. I believe these are absolutely necessary conditions to tbe continuation ot the Democratic party's existence." Debsism. Debsie-n is about at an end. In some localities the A. B. U. is still ouVbnt the greater portion of the railroad men have returned to work. Traffic is going on about as usual on all the roads and all there is left to remind one of tbe great strike, which a fortnight ago bad all tbe evil appearances of civil war, is tba destruction of property, tbe demonstrated folly of sympathetic strikes, and thousands of idle men, who had good jobs, until they blindly followed tbe advice of the misguided being who thought that he waa a greater man than tbe president of tbe United States, and could eat at naught the laws ot tbe land and tba orders of the courts. The men at Pollman, where the strike began, are returning to work, but tbe boycott which Debs developed oat ot the strike will remain in a measure after the cause which Isd up to it bas died out. Tbe farcical ending of Debs' reign ot terror more clearly demonstrates the kind of a man be is than anything previously be bad dona. When arrested by tbe authorities for violating tbe orders of tbe court be like a spoiled boy refused bail and is now confined to tbe county jail awaiting bis trial. He is trying to pose as a martyr, seeing the dynasty which be tried to build slipping from him and inevitable shame and disgrace in atore be seeks to play tba baby aot aud voluntarily becomes a martyr, Such actions as this make one feel decidedly human and all us with a longing desire to see swift and retributive justice meeted out to him with a lavish band. The most laughable event of tba whole affair was lo see poor old Sovereign flying to Debs' assistance aud pledging 150,000 men to throw into tba breach, with law and ordar on one side and a riotous mob on tba otber. With The County Convention. This will be the laet issue of THE WEEKLY. SENTINEL before the Democratic county convention wilt have met and have placed a county ticket iu tbe field asking for tbe support ot the entire party. AH we said two weeks ago a great deal depends upon the work ot tbe convention BR to how the ticket will be received by tbe rank and file of the party. There is no excuse for the convention placing man in nomination, so long as there are other competent and equally as efficient candidates, when it is a patent fact to all that the moo, who are nominated will makes the county ticket. It is a duty each delegate owes to the party to use his influence for tbe naming of a ticket that will meet with the approbation of the party. So long as a few man usurp the rights- of the convention and the will ot tbe people and force their pet candidates upon the ticket we cannot look for a united party. Every delegate should look beyond individuals, tor they as suoh have no better claim upon tbe party than any other good Democrat ,and work for what iu his judgment appears to be fortbebest interest of the party. While we may all have our individual ideas as to what is tor the best interest of the party we will all agree that each man whose name is placed before the convention should fair receive treatment at the bands ot the delegates. And other tbiugs being equal, due allowance ebould be made for locality and there are other issues involved in the selection of a ticket this year that should reooive the serious consideration of tbe convention. For years this county has bad a two term rule aud'the interpretation that has been put upon it at various- times bas been a constant source of annoyance to the party. Tbe disposition that is to be made ot U at this time will tell for or against our party, for we have arrived at a period in our party organization when blunders are liable to prove serious and it requires wisdom-on the part of tbe delegates in dealing with this question. x THE CIPHER STORY OF 81* PBAHOIS BACON, DIBCOVBBED AND DECIPHERED BX DB. OBVILiB W. OWBN —A WONDERFUL B30K. The admirers of Sir. Francis Bacon and bia writings have,, for many years, maintained that Bacon and Bacon alone could have written tbe works usually attributed to Shakespeare, while Shakespearian scholars have paoh-poohed the idea and rather questioned tbe eanity of anyone , who should donbt. We have lately received a book which alleges to give tbe story of tbe life of Bacon written in oi- pher by himself, which bas been bidden for nearly four hundred years and until tbe key to this story waa discovered by Dr. Orville W. Owen, ot Detroit, Mich., who by tbe aid ot this key bus deciphered it and now givea it to tba world. ' / This story is certainly a wonderful one and whether Bacon wrote Sbakespeara or not tbe book is worthy the perusal of all interested in Shakesperian and Ba- ne (h« eto/j wnfolds itself to tbe decipherer. l,i rending the story i* is hard not to bwirve Hint it IB not tbe orention of B brniu, oertiiiuly a (*otinVtiil or»>i<iroijiiad for which Dr. Offeii is entitled lo Urn credit. Bat Dr. Oweti did not write it, nvery lino nod every word baiug taki'ii fruin the works mentioned iibove. All wbo read it tvill concede that it is a refflitrkfibie produotkm and either the storv is I 119 or Dr. Owen is the most woiideiful literary charlatan of the nineteenth unitary. Outlaw question the rfii.der will moat likely form bia own opinion. • Dr O .v*>ii is H man of middle Hge nud tbio U hie Urat venture in theliterarT field ; be has nev>>r shown auy particular ability «s B writ <f and yet the "Story" ie written in u style that is very Shakes- perian and nhows the author tD'hove bcien and thinker. the Howard Publishing n impftoy, Detroit, Mich., and anil volam-in one and two are now out; they oau hi 'md in paper covers at 50 olot'i, 75 cents; extra library, $1. iu the flrsr, rnnk-as a poet Tb« book in published by Sent by tli« publishers postpaid on re- prim. • great flourish be iwa*4 bis edict order* iug tbe koigbts oat, but what must have been bit surprise when not« single man obeyed bis order. They gave him to understand that they did not propose to join so pnholjr a wur against capital without a grievance and they remitinsd at their posts defending tbe rights ot the people against suoh folly. Tbe idea ot allowing tbe buuiaeaa of ot the county to ba paralyzed, property de&tioyed, and lif« bald at the mercy of * mob all because Pullman and a few labor- era could not agre* on a scale ot wags* is too absured for wrioue consideration, The country at large and tbe working* men iu particular, WHO were uujuitlv ordered to quit work and have, through the lolly ot Debt, beeu heavy loners, DB. OllVILLB W. OWBN. oonian literature. In this story it is asserted that Francis Bacon was the lawful sou of Queen Elizabeth and tbe Earl ot Leicester, these two having beeu eearetly married iu tbe tower ot London; that bacon, to conceal these secret histories from bis contemporaries and yet leave tbe truth tor posterity, wrote tbe history ot his lite and tbe times iu which be lived, in cipher, the oipher story being concealed in tbe fallowing works, all of which are alleged to be tbe products of bis genius: AH tbe plays of Shakespeare, Christopher Marlowe, Robert Green and George 1'eele; the Anatomy of Melancholy of Hubert Burton, all tUe works of Edmund Spenser and the works general* ly attributed to Buoou, and Jfrom toes* works Dr. Own has constructed the cipher story. Oertaiulv tbaro is no lack of assurance In thus attributing to tbe g«n* iue of one mau ull these works that have given bait a do«»u m«o fam« for four osuturies. But Bitoou claims the authorship himself in the "Latter to tbe !)«• olpUrsr," which is the tirst chapter of tuti story. Following this corns tbe •'Epistle P«diottU>ry," a description of Queen Elfjwbstb and Baoon's autoblo- grapby. Other chapters are (o follow Chautuuqwa of Age. Ihi the midst of all that is on. the country this summer, including oou gross,, it is cheerful to know that such aii'iuHtiitutiqn as tho Chautauqua Rummer school can yet esiat and Sourish, aud that tt celebrates its twenty-first birthday by giving promise of oontinu ing at least 21 years more. If all the rest of' the people of this country were like the Chautauquans, there would bo no strikes aud certainly no violence. Perhaps next year they will add to their course of instruction .a careful study into the nature aud prevention of strikes. Any study in our time is little worth unless it takes the direction of seeking practical measures for the making of this life better aud happier. Chautauqua was established primarily for the purpose of giving a summer rest to people who are supposed to fit mortals especially for the life to come— namely, Sunday school teachers and other church workers. The fact is now evident to ministers of the gospel that in no way can mankind be so well prepared for the life to come as by being fitted perfectly for this life. It was Sydney Smith who wrote: You will live well there if you live well here. I can say no more though I talk for a year. The brain of Eev. J. H. Vincent and the purse of Sir. Lewis Miller of Akron, O., evolved the Ohantauqua summer school, which* has grown so great. In 1873 the seed. was planted upon an old Methodist camp meeting ground at Lake Chautauqua. It sprouted and spread.all over the Union and through Canada, and the idea has been taken up and. elaborated iu, the univeristy extension course of Great Britain. Chautauqua students are numbered by the hundred! thousand, counting in those that belong to the circles for home study. The merely sacred literature which constituted the first course of study has been extended till it includes everythug known to man aud woman, including Delsartism. Present day conditions show that the science of which all mankind are most lamentably ignorant is that of political economy. Old ideas and old textbooks are worn out The science must be re constructed from the ground up. There is little of all the old doctrines of Mai thus, Adam Smith or any of the former writers that gives a guide for today. Chautanqua furnishes the greatest medium for reaching the common people of any oraguizatiou in existence.. Let the Chautauqua leaders aud scholars evolve a scientific Christian political science which shall fit these deplorable days aud give it to their pupils. Thon they will indeed show a reason for being. ___^ The death of General James- B. Fry at Newport recalls the famous parliamentary controversy which mode Blaine aud Coukliug enemies for life. Tlie controversy occurred iu tho national house of representatives, of which both were members, iu 1800. The quarrel was never forgotten, but was continued with its historical ruuult of disaster after both woro United StixtoH somitoiu General Fry was provout marshal general of tho United States, army from 1801) until August, 1800, when tho office waa abolished. Colliding, partly out of porboual enmity to Fry, wanted tho office done away with. Blaiuo, as chairman of the hou8i> com mil too on military affairs, reported in favor of ooutiuuiuK tho provost umrslwl genural's bureau. Coukliug oppoaud with characteristic bitterness and uiTogimco. Bluine ropliod, denouncing tho attack of Coukliug on Fry iu a placo whoro Fry could not defend him- solf. Coukliug said, "If I havo fnllon to tho uocottilty of taking lossous front tho gentleman from Maine on tho rules of propriety or of right and wrong, God liulp mo I" The subject oamo up again, and soiuo time afterward Blaiue, irritaUul beyond measure, usod tho language iu which in a soKaioit of tho house ho com- purud Coukliug to a strutting turkuy cook, lie Huiil of Coukliug, "Tho oou- tempt of thut largo iiiiudod goutlouiuu U so wilting, his Haughty disduiu, his grandiloquent swell, his majestic, su- porcutinunt, ovorpowodug, turkoy gob- blur strut has boon so crushing to myself aud all tho wuwburs of thu houwi,, that 1 know If wn« an act ot the greatest temerity for me to venture on a oohtro versywlth him." Pot this Conkling never forgave Blaina A curious phase of slavery and anti slavery laws before the war is developed in Helen Gardener's last book, "An Un- offliSttil Patriot." The hero is a Virginia slave owner. He is convinced that the patriarchal institution is wrong, and he wishes to free Ins negroes. But the laws of Virginia will not let freedmenremain in the state. He prepares to migrate with them to a free state, Indiana. But when he reaches the borders of Indiana he finds, to his consternation, that the laws of this state also forbid the bringing thither of any free negroes, The difficulties that beset slave owners who wanted to free their property were not always appreciated by the old fashioned Abolitionists. According to the best figures-available, Americans spend $104,000,000 a year in Europe. The sum would wipe out our national debt in less than seven years* Rev. Howard MacQueary says that tlie first requisite for happiness 'as a good! wife and few if any children. This is dreadful. . Of the 65,000,000 inhabitants of this great country 15,000,000 attend school. Compulsory Arbitration. The result of the labor troubles> ! and tho mobs and riots of July, 1894,. will be to force arbitration upon employers- and employees whether they want ifr'or not. There will no longer be learned discussion and arguing the logic of the thing. The logic of events has decided- it. Labor wars iu the United States should be settled now, once for all. There must never again be witnessed such scenes as the American public has- beheld recently. Ever since the Home* stead riots two years ago there has been* an uneasy, silent belief that the worst- had not come even yet. Undoubtedly the worst has come iu the summer of 1804. Governor McCoimell of Idaho- struck the current of public opinion, when he telegraphed President Cleve-land suggesting that there be recommended ta congress the immediate pas- ' sage of a, law making arbitration compulsory in all cases of difference betweeni employers and employed who are concerned in the transportation business. Public sentiment demands this law. Transportation companies or those who- manufacture the means of transportation are not private corporations, it is- claimed. On them depends the life and comfort of community. While in California fruit was rotting in the oars and those who produce it are being- ruined financially because of the want of the money they would have obtained for it, in some parts of the east there was . a fruit famine. The little supply of California fruit was soon exhausted, and the native supply was utterly inadequate to the demand. The people will not permit this state- of things to come npon them very often: hereafter. They declare that they themselves have the largest interest of all at stake iu such strikes as this of July, and that they are the ones to judge whether, there is anything to arbitrate. Therefore the call that is made for the coin?- pnlsory arbitration law. Suoh an euactr- meat already exists in some of the Australian colonies. Tammany. For its running expenses. Interest on. its debt, sinking fund and other purposes New York city disburses annnully nearly $89,000,000. On its pay rolls,, from mayor, schoolteachers and policemen to street cleaners, are an army of 16,000 persona. All this money is disbursed, all this army ii controlledi.bjr the party that is in power politically. This is Tammany, a political party to itself. The hand that holds the pnrse> strings is the power that rules thft world. The fact that for more than; 90 years Tammany has had control of New York's purse strings shows better than anything else the power of that vast organisation. It is held together by patronage. If a labor organization could hang together as Tammany has done, it could move the pillars of society. It could and would hold together if getting $80,000,000 a year depended on it There is one salary of $25,000. Fifteen other persons get $10,000 a year each. Tho police department alone employs about 4,000 men, Tammany votos itself good salaries. Its police jus- tlbos get $8,000 a year, which is more than a majority of the governors of the states get Tammany has, too, an amiable way of making police justices oat of saloon keepers, which It is to bo hoped has not been followed M an example by uiuuy others of those cities whom Now York looks down on so com- plaooutly. ____________ A law of congress for the arbitration of railroad troubles was pamd iu 1889. It did not ouforoo a settlement, but provided for thu appointment of a federal commission of arbitration, which could investigate the dinVouops and decide them if it was allowed to do so by the. disputants. Tho wording of QUO oluutw of tho aot is a? follows! "Aud tho proa- idout utuy, upon his own motion, or upcw tho ttpplluutiou ot QUO of tho parties, or upon tlio application of the ox- eoutive of thu ututu, tumlor tho uorvlooH of suoh commission." This in tho law uudor which President Cleveland ugreed to appuiut the arbitration oommi.isbt.ou.

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