YEAR 1691 _ ? i. Rasmuiwen November 9, 1891 EltttoFaTia "Publisher Geraldlne Rasmussen, Business Manager Entered M Snd elas» matter at Ihe post ^ffic» at Austin, Minnesota, under the 1 act of March 3. 1879. Issued Dally Except Sunday The Herald has been for 67 years and Still is a newspaper for Austin and community fair and impartial to all, seeking always to promote the best interest of agriculture, labor and industry catering to no demagogues and showing favoritism to no group, firm or individual. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches. For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, a bone of him shall not be broken.—John 19:36. * * * • The truths of the Scriptures are so marked and inimitable, that the inventor would be more of a miraculous character than the hero.—Jean Rousseau. Winning Teams Wanted — a stronger football team for the University of Minnesota! Every day,' nearly everyone one meets who is not talking about Christmas exclusively takes time to comment on the athletic situation at the University. Obviously, not all of the suggestions are of value, but as the old saying goes: 41 'Everyone to his or her own tastes,' said the old woman when she kissed the cow." On the extreme ends are those who would make a clean sweep and those who just aren't Interested in athletics and who feel the University should be for books only.. Since the board of regents is entrusted with the role of working with the University president in running that great institution, "M" Club members and other alumni cannot be allowed to take over. On the other hand, "M" club members and other alumni have a big investment in blood, sweat, tears and money in their alma mater. They have every right to criticize President Morrill, the athletic department AND the board of regents. President and board would be unjust as well as unwise not to listen and weigh carefully suggestions offered. Appointment by them of a fact-finding committee, which includes members who have been highly critical, suggests that President and board ARE willing to listen. When the report is completed, the board is under solemn obligation to weigh the issues further, and take action if the findings indicate changes ought to be made. Meanwhile, alumni and other taxpaying sports fans had best keep their shirts on. They can help immeasurably by steer- Ing college-bound athletes toward Minneapolis rather than Oklahoma, Colorado or Kalamazoo. All Get Into Act This is the age of participation. The old days when we just watcHed or listened to a few specialists perform in sports, music, etc., are fading rapidly. Even phonograph records are bending to this particular wind. It's not just "Music by Stash" any more. It's "Sing Along With Stash." Then there are those orchestral tidbida where they leave out one instrument, say the clarinet, so you can tootle along with the ensemble. "Music Minus One" covers that field. With getting into the act the big thing nowadays, it's probably only a matter of time before ideas like these spread to oth> er realms. For example, there could be a "Politics Minus One." The record provides the crowd noises, the introductory speeches, the chairman banging his sravel. But you make the big campaign talk. Or it might be "Congress Minus One." The record could offer a lively Senate debate on some burning topic. Accompanying charts would list 97 senators but leave one big gap. You would fill this by rising to your feet at an appropriate point in, the debate to sound off. You could also record your vote. Some of the bovs who are already listed as professionals in these categories could use this kind of practice. Opinions of Others BAR'S RESPONSIBILITY The Minnesota supreme court's action in upholding verdicts totalling $109,000 against the village of Appleton may well have far-reaching effect. The high court ruled that a drinking driver involved in a fatal accident had been sold liquor by the village liquor store at a time "when he was obviously intoxicated." The court said it didn't think the verdicts were excessive. This is a question that often arises. How much responsibility does the operator of a bar have in the future action of one of its customers? The supreme court apparently feels that, once a man is under the influence of intoxicants, a bar that sells him more liquor is contributing to his uncontrolled action. In the case considered, it was a municipality that was involved. But it is conceivable that the same ruling also would apply to a private operator. No bar can afford to overlook the implications in this case.—MANKATO FREE PRESS IKE TURNS ON HARRT At long last President Eisenhower has come out openly and admitted that there does exist a certain ex-president, Harry S. Truman, who has been sniping at him continually. At a news conference the other day Ike called Harry a liar—not right out, of course, but in more diplomatic terms. He said that something Harry said about Ike not standing up for an old friend, Gen. Marshall, wasn't true. Which means the same thing. Truman's biting sarcasm, which has been turned of late at both President Eisenhower and especially Vice President Nixon, is of the kind likely to boomerang. But in Truman's case, it doesn't matter to the perpetrator. He isn't running for office. And besides, after the ringing mandate given the Democratic party at the November election, it begins to look as though Harry's style of campaigning may be proving effective, strange as that may seem. What a difference between ex-presidents! Hoover out to build up, Truman to tear down! — RED WINti REPUBLICAN EAGLE A UN POLICE FORCE For the moment the dream of a United Nations police force has gone glimmering. The United States has abandoned both its initial proposal for a force in being and its later nation that a small advance planning staff be created. Even Dag Ham- marskjold, Secretary General, has pigeonholed his own suggestion that at least a set of organizing principles be adopted by the General Assembly. What we. have, then, is what existed before — the mind and method of Hammarskjold and his assurance that these are probably good enough to whip together a specially tailored force if need arises. In the face of practical difficulties this may indeed be the answer for now. But all concerned must remain ready to act positively in the direction of a police force when the time is ripe. No conditions are permanent in the fast-shifting world picture.—PORTLAND (Maine) TELEGRAM Paul Butler to Exert Power In Coming Congress Session By GEORGE E. SOKOLSKY Historically, the Democratic party consisted of three general elements: 1. The solid South; 2. The newer Immigrants (at different times, Irish, German, Italian, Jewish); I. The poorer farmers, particularly those who favored popu-. llsm la its demand for cheap money. Franklin D. Roosevelt brought into, the Democratic party the most radical elements in the country, including labor, union leaders and the socialistic intellectuals. The Democratic victory of 1958 cannot be defined as a product of any one of these elements but that it occurred IP sufficient for politicians and Democratic National Committee Chairman, Paul Butler, is taking advantage of the situation to attempt to assert ajcratic party can produce a candi- leadership of his party which has j date for President who will defeat rallying cry for the reorganize- largely because the business Ira- tion of the Republican party. posed their candidates upon the The mistake made by the mod- part. Such candidates as Landon era Republicans was that not only ind Willkie could never have been did they eliminate McCarthy but elected. Tom Dewey might have they split the Republican party 'ieen, Robert A. Taft might have so that it cannot easily be put together again. Facts on Table As any observer knows, Faubus does not lead the white population of the South. Such Democratic leaders as Sam Rayburn, Lyndon Johnson, Harry Byrd, Richard Russell and other committee chairmen in both the Senate and House are not dominated by Faubus. On the other hand, the assumption of the radical northern Democrats that they can afford to read the South out of the Democratic party Is without statistical foundation. When 1960 comes along, the question will be whether the Demo- not heretofore been the role of a national committee chairman. Test of Power The test of strength among Paul Butltr cod Speaker Sam Rayburn and Senate Majority Leader Lyndon Johnson will come when Congress opens. Batter's effectiveness CAB only *"'" "* the Republican candidate. Person alities will play a great role in this picture. For instance If the radical Democrats were to nominate Adlal Stevenson, let us say, against Nixon or Rockefeller, the likelihood Is that Stevenson, the cynical world-trav- eller, would be defeated by the dynamism of such men. On the other hand, suppose the Atany rate, when Eisenhower became President, he turned to political mavericks with the result that in his first term, he weakened his party; in his second term, b. had not toe Urae „ correct However, even if the Republi- =an.party were to disappear, the nh ,H men ^ DdtWOmen , Wh0 not hold moderate sociahstic r 8 °°r? ?, tatar to coalesce into a political force. If there were only 100 such per- Uon would appear. Revitalizing Is Goal Actually all over the country :ommittees and organizations are coming into existence to revitalize the Republican party. Thus far, not one has been sufficiently effective to capture the imagination of the older Republicans, many ol whom even stay away from the polls, abstaining from exercising their constitutional rights. Butler's error in ignoring the southern bulwark >f his party is that be bases too taucb on AUSTIN (Minn.) HEftAlD Monday, Dee. IS, 1958 Pot Pourri THE CALENDAR - not the thermometer — tells us printer will not arrive until De«. 22. MANY HUMOROUS quips have sprung up on the Humphrey-Khrushchev meeting. Certainly, one of the best is the comment reportedly mad* by Adlia Stevenson who wittily described the glib Humphrey's eight hours with Khrushchev as "massive American retalia tion." JUST READ an interesting ob servation by a purist in gram mar. He contends a hyphen should be used between high and schoo in "high school student" since without it, it means an intoxicated school student. A WRITER for a medical Jour nal insists there's nothing more miserable for a woman than to attend a social function wearing her sitting-down shoes and he: standing up girdle. AS EVIDENCE that all student are not enchanted by the so-call ed "prestige" of attending th. university's Minneapolis-St. Pan campus probably t h e largest stu dent population of any campu in the nation, we quoted re cently the surprising figure tha comparatively small Mankatc State College had a larger gair in enrollment this year than th university of Minnesota. Now we have a figure even closer to horn, on rising interest in higher educa tion in institutions not in the Twin Cities. Enrollment at Austin Jun lor College jumped from 289 in the 1957 fall quarter to 400 in the 1958 fall quarter, for a net gain o 111 students and a percentage gain of 38 per cent. From a per centage standpoint, this was the sharpest increase in enrollmen in any Minnesota college with the exception of Itasca Junior College at Coleraine which increased from 187 to 286, a 54 per cent in crease. AMERICANS ARE sending more Christmas cards than ever before this season, with the volume ex pected to reach 2tt billion. They will pay a quarter billion dollars for the cards and abou $90 million for postage. Compared to kissing under the misletoe and decking the halls with boughs of holly, however, the ex change of cards at Yuletide is comparatively recent tradition. The first Christmas cards appeared in England in the 1840's Some of the cards during the Vic torian era in England would now bring laughs. One wished its receiver "A Most Consumate Xmas & an Utterly Utter New Year." Another offered the "Quilt Too Precious Compliments of the Season." One of the first Christmas cards produced in England, by Sir Henry Cole, a close friend of Prince Albert, created a sensation about 1843. The card showed members of the Cole family gathered about a large bowl of wine, with the familiar "Merry Christmas" greeting. The , card raised a storm among temperance adherents who objected particularly to the fact the card showed a child sipping a glass of wine. THE CONTEST within the Republican party between conserva tives and liberals is not new, but its potentialities seem greater than in previous days. GOP conservatives contend that the leaning of a number of Republicans toward New-Fair Deal- ism was largely responsible for the party's loss of Congress in the three latest elections. The more liberal wing of the party says the opposite is true. They cite the election of Rockefeller in New York and the defeat of Knowland in California, and point to the majorities Ike obtained in his election and reelection to the presidency. Conservatives argue—with much —that there really are four at present: conservat and con- NEA Serrice, Inc. SYLVIA PORTER'S 'YOUR MONEY'S WORTH' Soviet Industrial Upheaval Seen as Serov Is Dumped Editor'* Note — Several trans- Atlantic conversation with private eoonterlfttclllgence agents IN Munich, Germany, are the gonrce* of this column on the mystery surrounding Gen. Ivan Serov — and what It could mean to the Main Streets »f Amer- lea. 1 have the word of Russian specialists who are constantly talking to those from behind the Bolshoi James R. Hot fa James Roosevelt border that Prime Minister Khrushchev has run the Soviets into desperate trouble. There are eyewitness accounts of terrific industrial disruption, new forced labor battalions and the simple breakdown of vast quantities of intricate electronic equipment without which no modern state can compete with us. These facts are basic. A scien- Beneath Sand and Clay By SYLVIA PORTER MADRID -Oil in Spain? Oil beneath the sand - and • clay soil of this arid, impoverished land lying in a strategic corner of Europe? Oil in an area in which we are sstablishing vital military bases and into whose shaky, inflation- ridden economy we have been pouring hundreds of millions of dollars of aid in order to help maintain the nation firmly in the anti-Communist camp? It could be! And it well may be that the great oil combines of the United States and the rest of the Western world are about to get their first opportunity in history to find out. For as I am writing this, the authoritative reort is a precedent server. "These men (the oil experts) are here for the kill." Controlled Excitement Right now there is an atmosphere of controlled excitement among our officials at the U. S Embassy in Madrid. "There's a feeling that something at last is about to happen," said another informed source; "U. S. officials here think the importance of the explorations alone could be immense. Even if the prospecting leds only to dry holes, this would mark a major breakthrough of private capital into Spain, and that would be immense progress." No one ever has found oat whether there really is oil in Spain, in Spanish Sahara and Spanich Guinea. Our oil men obviously believe oreign purchases. Every year her need for oil gets more imperative, ler shortage more desperate. Today Spain In running heavily in the red In her trade with other lands, and only our dollar aid is keeping her economy out of critical (rouble. H oil were discovered In her territory, it would Immediately and drastically better her trade position. And with American oil explore- .ions would come U. S capital, . .. . ..„ ... . uur ou lnen ooviousiy oeiieve shattering bill will soon be pre- aere , a h of a possibility to sented to the Madrid Parliament be willing to invest nuge flmoyunts permitting foreign oil companies to explore for oil in Spain and Spain's colonies in the Sahara and Guinea. The bill may presented in the next two weeks. In Various Stages For more than two years the legislation has been in various stages of preparation. Gradually, it is declared, the opposition of in prospecting for it. But, be cause of Spain's monopolisitc, rigidly anti - foreign regulations, all the investigations to date have been on a picayune, inconclusive scale. 50-50 Deal Wanted The heart of any legislation tolerable to American explorations would be a 50-50 participation, giv< ^** ***** wind ijouu, auu|JUao inc •«»»•• v«* »MV> Democratic Na- j inflation has become so wickedly j 1958 electit "» which was tor sen- Deioocratic it is Bot ! spiral as to 'irive the economy into the madness whi"h inflations produce, what effect will that have' upon the election? The country! , iwiil seek a sober, studious man any conclusion about the Republi tft »*»e^i iti it ( ..,-,.,-. ;»,.. i . ™ altogether Bird party (Mir result. > ~ •» »»>•%,«» «• The northern Democrats have, to rescue it Of course, seized upon the name and stupidity. tt GOT. Orval Faubus, Arkansas, Source of Courag M the devil whom they might what gives Butler such blatant' fifbi, just M to an earlier period -ourage is the fact .hat the Rep- in a hurry to the modern Rspublicans used the ublican party seems to be dead Meanwhile he — - Of Sea. Joe McCarthy as a U has had a hard time since 1932 this own oaVtv !•**•>** fflU *-Jf , ators, representatives and governors but not for a president. Local issues prevailed. For instance, no one can reach y ork state ' of f elected in the South a conservative than most F publican office holders. There is considerable suppprt for realignment of the two par' "i, one conservative and the oth- liberal. But it is probably a long way from realization. Poli- platforms, and candidates, seem to feel the middle of the road is the fastest way to travel to office, and, sadly, platforms and campaigns of both parties invari- |ably turn out sounding much alike. MINNESOTA, WHICH has attained considerable stature in competitive swimming, has been awarded for next year the AAU's Junior National Women's chara pionships in the 200-meter breaststroke and the National Women's four-mile «wim, both events to decide national titles. They will be held during the Minneapolis Aquatennial, drawing swimmers from around the nation. California has been given the National AAU Age Group championships. Austin's Girl Swim team, which won the statg championship last . to * and distance swi i ming who would make good con** •*»»* 'ompeti- Spain's industrial monopolists to ing U. S. interests a 50-50 say allowing any foreign concern to Jin management decisions If this do business in Spain on financial i 50-50 prevision is in the bill, the terms the foreign concern will 'ac- — u *~~ ~ :1 - 1 - 1 -*- '- »--•- —•" cept has been diminishing. If and when the bill is proposed, It's a virtual cinch it will be approved. For the very submission of the legislation will mean that the regime of Generalissimo Francisco Franco has consented to the move — and all (hat will be needed will be the rubber stamp of the Parliament. Right, now, representatives of our oil giants are literally crawling ill over this country. We, traveling through Spain not as reporters but just as American tourists, stumbled on this potentially ex- ilosive story because we were constantly stumbling over U. S oil men in cafes, restaurants, hotels — and we understandably asked, "Why?" 'All the oil companies want to be in on the ground floor, ready to move fast the minute the bill rush for oil rights in Spam will be on overnight. Why does our government care so much about this? Outside of the obvious reason — the chance of an oil strike by Western - controlled companies in a land in which we have essential military bases — the reason our government cares is that it would set off a movement of private capital into this area. And any financial benefits to Spain would lessen the burden on us for economic aid and welfare help. As for Spain, she would profit even if the explorations were to yield nothing, for she would charge for oil concessions. And if oil is discovered—wow!' Last Year's Imports Last year Spain's imports of oil accounted for over 21 per cent of her total annual imports of $862 million, and oil is by far her biggest single import. In 1956 oil U. S know • how, U. S facilities and buildings — valuable assets to any nation. Centuries old though Spain is, no one, I repeat, has even explored the natural resources here — much less devejoped them. If what might happen here happens soon, the political • economic face of the Western world will be altered. Tomorrow's column: In Spain, luxury living is cheap. (Distributed 1958 by The Hall Syndicate, Inc.) SIDE GLANCES t Jt *•* UA PM. ON. A 1(M bj Nt» tonlM. fee. "Is the speed limit the same for horses as for cars?" MY ANSWER ---- ---- _,_ _-. „ _... Q*,UH uiitgAG llll^JUl bt JL11 At7i)D Uli goes through," said one astute ob- j accounted for 12 per cent of her Ploying Games Answer to Previous Puzzle ACROSS 1 Golf 5 Hardy heroine 9 Tennis stroke 12 Primitive Japanese 13 Merely 14 Era 15 College of the Tigers 17 Born 18 Bout 19 Request for more 21 Certain 23 Indistinct 24 Cooking utensil 27 Cinema roll 29 Painting cult 32 Opposed 34 Fairy king 36 Depended 37 Kind of ball 38 Allowance (or waste 39 Stage success 41 Mariner's direction 42 Obtain 44 Augers 46 Bouquet 49 Baseball pitcher, Herb 63 Eucharistic wine cup 54 Singing voices 56 Domino spot 57 Falsified 58 Elevator inventor 59 Anglo-Saxon letter 80 Football players 61 Sit for i portrait DOWN 1 Ball players wear them 2 Italian money 3 Measure 4 Baseball taps 5 the mark 6 Meal course 7 Blackthorn 8 Church council 9, Prominent features 10 Molding 11 and skittles 16 Race 26 Wire 28 Kind of pneumonia 30 Female hares 31 Poker stake 33 Ceremonies 35 Least covered 20 to hounds 40 In a row 22 Organ parU 43 tennis 24 Play role 45 Newspaper 25 Above exclusive 46 A bullfighter wears it 47 Leave out 48 Profit 50 Atop 51 Former Brazilian money 52 Essential being 55 Psyche parti QUESTION — I am studying the Bible with a woman who doesn't believe in Christmas, bell, etc., and I am becoming very confused. My husband forbids me to have her in our home and will not listen to her. Are her beliefs right? Or is my husband right in asking her not to come any more? E. M. R. ANSWER - Self - styled Bible teachers who come into people's homes with the strange doctrines can be a menace to a community. Now, don't get me wrong! There is nothing wrong with studying the Bible together, prayerfully, reverently and sincerely. We ought to do more of that. But from your question, I glean that this per ison is of one of the new sects I whose stock and trade is conj fusing people by launching an atta against some of the accepted doctrines of the church. The Bible says: "There shall be tlflc guess t* that KhrushoTief dumped the head of ttw secret po lice, Gen. Ivan Serov, because he feared that the opposition would use the economic chaos as an ex- cue to depose him—and that Serov, the shifty, would be used agaltfct him. There are just a handful of men who really know how close flerov has been to the opposition, "the Stalinists," the anti-party people, the men Khrushchev fears: It was Serov, for example, who was aide to the missing Gen. Georgl Zhukov and kept his eye on an American general named Elsenhower back 1 in the first days of Berlin's joint occupation. Rounded Up Scientist! It was Serov who, as Stalin's special agent, rounded up Germany's atomic and rocket scientists before our intelligence services could get to them and save them, as Wernher von Braun, now probing the heavens for us, was saved. It was Serov who was the key counterintelligence operative " in Stalin's personal secretariat. The little murderer (forgive my passion for understatement) Worked directly for Stalin's most intimato aide and personal secretary A. N. Poskrebyshev. Serov took orders from Georgi Malenkov, too. In mob jargon, Serov was Stalin's "gun" or private "enforcer." Serov ran a small secret police unit w>ich specialized in liquidating Stalin's marked men. Until the other day, Serov per. sonally controlled the virtually unknown political and police sectors of the Communist apparatus inside the army. He helped create this for Stalin — who handed him killer assignments known only to the two of them. Serov knew, or knows, more about Comrade K. than Khrushchev does and he was the only one with enough personal power to do anything to the boss. Industrial Chaos Those detailedly informed men at Munich's listening posts advise us« to take these facts and view them against the background of t h e well-camouflaged industrial chaos inside Russia today. Add to this the fact that Khrushchev had to face the Soviet Communist Party's 21st Congress, with its great concentration of delegates. What could he tell his comrades? He can rattle the timid in tha United States with a series of intimate revelations in cozy conversations. But his party delegates knew of the new Communist labor brigades in huge factories. These are forced labor units. As recently as Nov. 25, there were reports in Moscow that these slave labor battalions numbered "millions of people" — and that is a direct quote. This report said: "Communist labor brigades have appeared and are multiplying in all Soviet Republics in various industrial centers, in factories, transport, construction and on the farms." Brigades Use Youngsters These brigades use youngsters as well as women. They have been taken out of their schools and homes to beef up the labor force and keep production at what will be a marginal living level, at best. They are shoved into cracks on the industrial front as a general throws makeshift military divisions into a line badly hit by the enemy. This report says so in Russia's Aesopian language: "Leading brigades and workshop personnel who have decided to work in the Communist manner direct their effort primarily towards raising labor productivity in every way. They propose to gain a considerable rise in labor productivity by means of automation, complex mechanization, by acquiring knowledge of modern machinery and technology. 3 Minutes A Day By JAMES KELLER FATAL PHONE CALL A baby's life was lost recently in a New Jersey suburb because two telephone subscribers refused t ...HV.....W. J M*«U VW^UlJVlUgy. . . to get off a four-party line for anj « A u local party, local govern emergency call. |ments, trade unions and Komso- The 20-year-old father pleaded mo l (youth) organizations and in vain to have the line freed so leaders in the economy are call- he could summon aid for his 5-Jed upon to support and lead the month-old son, dying of a heart creative initiative of the participants in the nation-wide competition in honor of the 2ist Party Congress." So, Serov may simply be out salvaging nails instead of pulling them out of his prisoners' hands. (Distributed 1958 Hall Syndicate, Inc.) disorder. After several futile attempts to use the phone, the young father and his 18-year-old wife bundled the baby into their car and headed for the nearest hospital nine miles away. The infant died a few minutes after they arrived. Those who refuse to release a party line or cooperate in any crisis probably have little idea of he consequences of their thoughtlessness. You can help prevent the harm which so often results from inadvertent acts of selfishness. If you show a Christlike consideration tor the needs and rights of others, you A nc jjiuic aajB* nitric oil ail DC **wv»>* ui«u **gui,a \jj. uuicio, jruu false teachers among you who pri- Wl ^ bring peace into the lives of SUBSCRIPTION RATES jingle Copy ut New»dealer« and Street, Sale.) .......... .."..» OT HOME DELIVERY IN AUSTIN SingU Copy (other than wgu. lur weekly Subscribers) S 1ft BY MAIL-ZONE 1 Delivery lu poatoHlo* within ISO miles rudiut of Austin — payable Ux vily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that brought them, and bring swift destruction, and many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the truth shall be evil spoken of." We should not think it strange that the new cults and sects have j so many followers, since the Bible ! prophecied that "many shall fol- ! low their pernicious ways." I The way of the cross has never i been, nor never will be, a popular way, but it's the only way that leads to God. There will always be those who promote false doctrines, but remember: every counterfeit is a testimony that the real actually exists. ne<>nth countless numbers as well as in-! run* Month*' '.'. * to your own. "As long as you did it not to one of these least, neither did vou do it to me." (Matthew 25:45) Circulation Dept. Dial HE 3-8856 For irregularities in service please caU the above number between 5:30 p.m.-6:30 p.m. Extra delivery service will be made if necessary. MAIL— ZONE i Delivery la postolflce outside W 150 miles— Payable In advance Per Week ............. • 4 Three Months ......... ......... * 3 1 SU Month. ......... .......... 2i MAIL-ALL OTHER ZONES Delivery in postofflce over p tt e^ u w«k Au *. uu r Payable ln six Mouths"!'.'.'.''" ............ * NOTE-Zone 1 rate will op- ply for subscription service going to service personnel '" U. 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