Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland on November 8, 1955 · Page 4
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Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 4

Cumberland, Maryland
Issue Date:
Tuesday, November 8, 1955
Page 4
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iur Evening & Sunday Times 'Every Afternoon <except Sunday) «nd Sunday Mornlnr Published by Th« Times and Alleganiao Company, 7-9 South Mechanic SI., Cuniiwland, MO. Entered »s second class mail matter at Cumberland, S'-'-- Maryland, under the act of March 3. 1879 Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulation '•>••• Member of Th« Associated Pres_s •'.:• phone PA 2--I600 :• Weekly subscripUOD rate by Carrier*: One week 'Evening only 36c: Evening Times PCI «py 6c: <" Evening and Sunday Times «6c per w«eU: Sunday ;Tlroe« only. lOe per copy. ••' Mail Subscription Rales Evening Time* V 1st 2nd, 3rd and 4tn Postal Zones • »1.2S Month - S7.00 Six Months - 514.00 On. Vear ••: 5th. 6th, 7tb and 8th Postal Zones - $1.50 Month - S8.50 Sb Months - S17.00 On.: Ve«r > Mail Subscription Rates Sunday Times Only 1st 2nd. 3rd and 4th Postal Zones : .50 One Month - S3.00 Six Months - S6.0U One Vear ' 5th, 6th. 7tn and 8th Postal ioncs • .60 One Month - S3.60 SI* Months^ S7.20 One * e»r !The Evening Time? and Sunday Times assume no * financial responsibility for typosraphical erross in '; advertisements but will reprint thai part of an i advertisement in which the typographical error "occurs, errors roust be reported at once. ,!'. •';"' Tuesday Afternoon, November 8,1955 A WEBSTER CLASSIC OUR COUNTRY The union ol hearts, the union of hands and the Flag of our Union forever—Morris. threat To Nixon NO ONE HAS BEEN cagier than Senator Knowland of California about what he might do politically if President Eisenhower decides not to run in 1956. But now we have the first informed report that the Californian may become a presidential candidate. Should this come to pass, it would be an event of substantial significance to the Republican party. For Knowland's bid would.cut directly across the presidential- aspirations of his fellow Galifornian, Vice President Nixon, who .is acknowledged to be the leading GOP prospect right now. According to the New York Times, it is possible to "speculate with/confidence" that in the event of Mr. Eisenhowers withdrawal Knowland would declare no later than March 7 that nt intends to enter the presidential primary in California. HE WOULD DO ;THIS as .a serious candidate, not as a'"favorite son" merely trying to hold the, California delegation for another. There are only two conceivable ways in which Knowland could take this step. He could put up a slate of delegates of his own regardless of what Gov.. Goodwin Knight does. Or he could ' work out an arrangement by which he and the governor would collaborate in selecting a slate. In the latter case, the • slate might be pledged to Knowland at. the outset or it might be nominally pledged to Knight with the understanding that the delegates would go for Knowland, after one ballot. No one who doesn't know well the minds.of Knowland and Knight can say whether either such plan is a practical 'possibility. • ' BUT IF KNOWLAND, with or without the aid of Governor Knight, could' make a hard primary drive in California, it would mean nothing but trouble for Nixon. As has been so often said, the vice president could not 1 hope ^to^ake the nomination. if, he •- could^not; go into "the GOP convention''\vith.;full home state support. Nixon's men in California, working under wraps at this stage, are confi- . dent they can bowlover Knight if it should come to a Nixon-Knight showdown. Knowland's entry into the lists would, however, complicate the picture. If. all three men put in primary slates, Nixon, as the man with the head start, might be the chief beneficiary from the divided voting. But not necessarily.- Three-cornered races often hold surprises. If Nixon had to buck a Knight-Know] and combine with a slate of his own, he might find the going very tough. A great catalogue of "ifs," all this. But it illustrates well the uncertainty that a Knowland candidacy would throw over Nixon's prospects in the 1956 Republican campaign. Old People Younger L. PEOPLE NOT ONLY live longer today, they stay young longer. This was the gist of several addresses at the annual meeting of the Gerontological Society, an organization studying the problems of old >age. Many accepted ideas about old people derive from observations made in insti- tutions'arid hospitals. There the inmates are a special group in late stages ,of deterioration and illness. The picture would be different if we took into account' the mass of the aged today. Many of these are in good health, contented and employed. The shorter work week has had a good effect on the elderly. The outmoded 60-to-70-hour work week, with no paid vacations, gave the body little chance to rest, so that it wore out faster. Today's 40-hour week, with paid vacations, contributes to the worker's physical and jr.ental wellbeing. One inference from these discoveries is that employers should be more willing to keep or employ workers of advanced years. Employers may be basing their reluctance on wrong notions of what the elderly really are and can do. Just Plain Life REMEMBER 0. Henry's story about the .bum who decided, come autumn, that he had better run afoul of the law and thus get a free ticket to a nice comfortable jail for the winter? Remember how he tried to get into trouble—knocked out a store window, calmly announced that he was penniless after consuming a restaurant's best dinner, and so forth? And how fate kept stepping in, preventing his.arrest? Until, listening repentantly to organ music from a church, he was run in for vagrancy? Something a bit like that happened the other day in Tokyo. A rag picker named Akira Matsumura did seme shoplifting right under a .policeman's nose. Pressed for an explanation, he ; replied: "The leaves arc falling, -The wind is cold. I have rheumatism, Jail this winter would he nice and warm." But Akira Matsumura-was not protected by fate, then seized in a ?nonicnt of reform. The policeman just hnulcd him off for sentence. .Real life doesn't seem to have 0. Henry's way with a twist at the end of the story. WILL-YOM, YOU COME RI6HT STRA16HT 1NTH' HOUSE THIS MINUTE/ DOYOU HEAR ME? POOR OLD KOB1NSON CRUSOE S RESCUED, MUCH AGAINST MIS' W1LL- Whitney Bolton Looking Sideways Thomas L. Stokes Would Be Candidates Live In Glass Houses NEW YORK —'A man had a story in a national magazine awhile back about the hazards of marrying an actress, and about the best that could bi said for tht article '•\yas that it was funny. Which, of course, is a virtue all by itself. Not many persons can write in a funny vein, and it seems to come easier to women than to men. Jeiai Kerr, for example, is a truly comic writer. Dorothy Parker, when working at it, was a \vryty comic writer. But this fellow in the magazine had it all wrong from the start. He complained about the expense of being married to an actress. No such thing, old boy. The .bride came home from a 12-week tour of the Pacific Coast the other day, flying back in seven and a half hours, arriving fresh as a daisy and pretty as any picture you ever saw. She knocked off twelve weeks of touring with a play without ruffling E curl or installing a new wrinkle in her lovely pan. "What do you want for a homecoming present?" she was asked; You think it \yas diamonds,mink, a new car or a new house? ; • "There's a new LP: record out made by the Queen's Royal,Scots Guards," she said. "Runs cbout S3.95. I'm daffy for bagpipe music. I'd love that" • . So we bought it for her, the children chipping-in as best they could because they wanted to be part of it. How. many women do you know who would: settle such a question forS3;9'S?'-.- : County of Nassau, either. . But children are resourceful and candid. They saw a young girl on Fifth Avenue wearing a black velvet cost and walked over to her to ask her where she got it. "Why, it was tailored-for me, I believe," she replied primly. They came back slightly indignant. "Get her," they said. "Miss Duchess of Toheckwithyou." Does anybody know where black velvet dress coats can be seen and purchased? WASHINGTON — It's.hard for a fellow running for President of the United States to remember all the rules laid down by us folks who generally are called "the voters" but occasionally, and solemnly — by someone who wants to make an impression — "the electorate." It is _hard for a fellow always to remember everything, even if he's running for President for the second time. What he forgot to do on pne 'occasion last week was to smile, though he knows better for he smiled thousands and thousands "of miles up and down and across the country in 1952 — for lit.tle. crowds and big crowds, for in-. . dividual men, women, and children, and even-when he was tired—and sleepy and his feet hurt. . after the;r conference three weeks ago in Albany. Indeed, Stevenson's "glum" face was the subject of whole columns by some political writers. . FAUX PAS. was after his • call upon former President Tru- ' man in Chicago when the two gentlemen sat down before the assembled press — and photographers. • The latter caught what was described as a "glum" expression on Mr. Stevenson's face as he sat beside the former President who was grinning amiably. The newspapers with the pic- lures o£ the . "glum" Stevenson were passed around among politi- •cians and newspapermen, back East here and there was much shaking of heads; and talk of a "rift." Some recalled how Governor Averell Harriman, a Stevenson rival for the .195t> Democratic nomination, had smiled and looked pleased and very relaxed as he and'Mr. Truman posed together . MR. STEVENSON did look glum —but also preoccupied. If you read the news stories you learned how the 1952 Democratic candidate had to catch a plane and, in fact, he had to excuse himself and dash away for the airport a minute after .the "glum" photograph was snapped. When this reporter's wife read about the Stevenson "glum" look and the many words about its great political significance, she dismissed it all with a scornful -"humph." for she had read the fine print, and said: "Nonsense! He was thinking about that 'plane. You'd look exactly that way — I've seen you, as a matter of fact, many times 'and hoped your face wouldn't freeze." . ' That's my own private Gallup Poll reaction which is always sound and usually accurate. I was willing to stand on that, but it was given confirmation when word was relayed from Chicago from the Stevenson headquarters which got worried about the voluminous interpretations of that • "glum" look. It was indeed, it was said, his anxiety about catching that plane to Minneapolis where lie was to make a speech. Stevenson's trip to Minnesota he received an endorsement by state Democratic leader's and an invita^ tion for him to enter the.'prefer. ential primary there next spring. Then the next day . Governor George Leader of .Pennsylvania came out for Mr. Stevenson's, nomination. So the -news, all in. all, was pretty good for the Stevenson cause. • ; In the original "glum look" incident, there seemed to be much-- ado-about-litlle and that perhaps is now .compounded by making much in this space now of that original much-ado-about-little. But it .illustrates that from-now on, until the national conventions next August, there'll be more , much-ado-about-little episodes, and we might as well prepare for them so as-not to be misled too often. AS FOR THE conference with the ex-President — it was reported as very satisfactory to the 1952 candidate. And as a result of Mr. EVERY WORD, every look, every act of the numerous aspirants for the nomination in' both parties will be carefully examined and analyzed and interpreted. Sometimes they may have hidden ' significance. Often they may mean nothing at all. Our public figures live in glass houses, and especially candidates for President. We want it that way. We consider tfiey, belong to us arid we are frequently cruel with them. But they know, that's the way it is, and arc under no illusions about what they are in for. . You can bet that Adlai Stevenson will avoid that "glum look" in the future—in public. But we can- hope he won't become a Cheshire cat. • '" • 'United Feature Syndicate, Inc.) Peter Edson People's Capitalism Is American Way WASHINGTON (NBA) A campaign to use "People's Capitalism" as a new name for the American economic system in its fight against communism has been launched here. It was formally unveiled by Theodore S. Repplie'r, president of the public Service Advertising Council of America at a meeting of the National Conference of Business Paper Editors; The idea behind this new crusade is that (lie simple word "capitalism" has come -under bad repute abroad. .It is the number one target of'the Commies in all their propaganda. In Europe, capitalism is the name given to Die feudalistic cartel and monopoly system. In Africa and Asia, capitalism lias become synonymous with colonialism—the exploiter of backward countries. ' Trying to call modern capitalism the American way of life, free enterprise, the profit system, and' trust economies or consumeraism has not gone over. The Commie line is -still that "decadent Wall Street capitalism" is the enemy and will ultimately be defeated. STUART Peabody, vice president of the Borclcn Company and chairman of the Advertising Council, is given credit by Repplier with first suggesting the name, •-."People's Capitalism." His thought was simply to liberate a word which the Communists themselves had captured and mistreated. What he had in mind was the frequent Cominie use of other captured words, such as people's democracies. People's Republic of China, etc. Repplier grabbed the idea and began to try it out. Early this year the Ad Council president went around the world on an Eisenhower Fellowship grant to study U. S, Information Agency and Voice of America program effectiveness. Repplier found one of the-handicaps was lack of an adequate explanation of the American economic system for foreign working people. When he returned to America he sold the Ad Council on preparing a visual presentation which could be sent abroad to explain "People's Capitalism." This exhibit is now practically completed. Plans are being made to give it a Washington preview.before shipping it overseas. IN BRIEF, the exhibit begjns with an American house of 1775 in which a colonist is shown hand forging nails, at the rate of six an hour. By' progressive steps, the rise of the American standard of living is shown. The hext-to-the-last exhibit is an American automatic machine making nails at the rate of thousands an hour. Little bags of nails are to be given away as souvenirs in nail-hungry countries. The final exhibit is an American middle-class, mass-produced house with all modern conveniences, for open inspection. History From The Times Files TEN YEARS AGO Novembers. 10-15 Ronald W. Pitcher named train-, master of Cumberland Division of Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company, succeeding C. T. Lin- dcll. Kelly-Springfield Tire Company and Rubber Workers Union schedule first talk since brcnkoff in negotiations and start of strike gf a week's durntion. llopcwell, Pn.. woman severely injured in unexplained jump from moving Hulnnoboile here. TWENTY YEAKS AGO November-8, 13SS Evan iMccsc elected president of Junior Extension Club. Welsh Memorial Rnptist Church celebrates 18th anniversary of pas- lonile of Kev. W. D. Hcesc. Robbery believed motive for fatal shooting of Miss Ella Pyscll, 60, of Jlcllcnry. THIRTY YEARS AGO November S, 1925 Dr, George 0. Sbarrett elected president of Cumberland Country Club. More than 300 automobiles-and 2.000 people in funeral cortege f>f John W. Gilpin, of 219 Pennsylvania Avenue. Samuel Smith, 51, of near Lonaconing, dies of -injuries suffered when struck by Cumberland and Westcrnport Electric Railway Company bus. FORTY YKARS AGO Novwftlu-r 8, 1915 'Dr. L. W. Bullard, local chiro- prncter, sells business to open sanitarium, in Baltimore. Deep Run Rig Vein Coal Company begins operations in Klk Dis- triri of Mineral County, W. Va, C. A. Maier, 22 I/ainjj Avenue, injured in automobile accident near Corriganville. LEGENDS throughout' the exhibit and leaflets to be handed to' visitors will explain what "People's Capitalism" is. They will emphasize American individualism, its opportunity, freedom of labor, freedom to own property, freedom to engage in business, freedom to own a share of American' industrial wealth through stock holdings and to receive a share of its profits. "Every time'the Soviet propaganda machine thunders against capitalism," said Repplier in presenting his "People's Capitalism" idea to the business paper editors, •'our 'obvious cue is to thunder back that a' completely new kind of capitalism has come about which is neither colonial nor feudalistic. Further, that this dynamic, new capitalism is already doing things for its people that under communism have remained empty promises for 35 • years." So They Say Based on the evidence' we (U.S.) do have, our judgment is that we arc ahead (of Russia in military power). This conclusion must be tempered, however, with a growing awareness for the current trends and with a knowledge that we do not have all the evidence. —Adm. Arthur Radfo'rd, chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff. My business is selling automobiles in San Francisco. Of course I'd like to win the U. S. Open and the Masters but I'll only do so if I have the time. —Harvie Ward, U. S. Amateur Golf champion. It seems that liic Iron Curtain is a one-way valve with tmedical) information always coming in bul none coming out. —Dr. Gioacchino Failla, professor ot radiology, Columbia University. SPEAKING of children, whatever happened to the .companies which used to design and manufacture black velvet dress coats for little girls? The'.girls are coming to that age when a slight venture out to a party after sun-down is in order. Two such invitations in the last month. -7 -"•• . -...' You can't ask. girls dressed up . for a. dark-side party to go wearing clipped-on winter- parkas or gray flannel spring coats. So there was a hunt for black velvet coats to go with' black velvet party dresses •trimmed wfth Irish lace berthas. The dresses, that is, are trimmed. The coats are non-existent. Five department stores, four specialty shops,' several assorted elder children's shops. Not a black velvet dress coat on the island of Manhattan, not one. Nor in the WENT OVER to see a stockbroker, the other night, a fellow who was in college at the same time as myself. He recently made a. minor killing in the market and- celebrated by giving himself about $1,500 worth of motorized tools in a home workshop so new and unused it sparkled. Band saws, circular saws, joiners, Sanders, planers, the works. ''Have you ever had a home workshop?" he was asked. . "Nope," he said; "Always wanted one. Never felt I should spend . the money until now. I'm going to use it every week-end^" "Have you ever used motorized equipment of this kind?" "No, but there's nothing to it," he said. "Just push the button and zip the wood through. That's all there is to it, isn't there?" • Whereupon he went over, started the circular saw and bent over to look at- something. His necktie just : m'issed being caught in the teeth of th'e saw which, at 1750 rprris, would have- pulled his face down into those whirling teeth in a fraction of a second. He wasn't even pleased about being told about, which is only human. But if he spends his weekends running electrical saw equip• ment while wearing a necktie Ms widow is going to bury a corpse with half a face one of these days. Half-sleeves and no tie are indicated for bending over swiftly running saws. And pushing-sticks for .sending- material through the saws, or joiners or planers. But he's, the kind who doesn't want to hear about it. He wants to learn it the hard way. Like a Hollywood press agent who lost a thumb in a band saw one night and a week later, showing a friend how it happened, lost the other thumb. Syndicate, Inc.) flal Boyje , AP Reporter's Notebook] NEW YORK—Today's success story:. _ In the humming world of Rockefeller Center, one of America's busiest cities within:^ I citv Louis Falsetti is a more familiar figuri than John D. Rockefeller Jr., or his five sons. "Louie" or "Luigi" as many of his clientt call him-came to the United States SO years ago as a boy of fifteen. Since then he'_has shined an average of .50 pairs of shoes a day, or about 650,000 shines. . ; His most memorable customer was Pre's.M dent Harry Truman, who took his shine stand; ing up during a morning walk, paid 25 cjr' ' and said, "thank you." - - , Louie, who says "with me business/is always looking up," has raised two children. Frederick Qthman Ex-Bureaucrat Needs No Pity WASHINGTON.-Let us not pity Raymond S. Hoover,' veteran government worker, who found himself on two'lists. One. said-he was a vital cog in the wheels of the Commerce Department and should be kept en the payroll.'-The.other. said he was a Democrat and had .to. be fired. .There was chaos there for a .while in 1953, when the National Production Administration was being turned into the Business and Defense Services Administration, he told the House Judiciary Committee. He was even writing letters to himself. Eventually he resigned. After 18 years of Federal service, but he said he wanted no sympathy. the job-of reorganizing the NPA. He added that James Worthy, Assistant Secretary of Commerce, figured it was his job. So the businessmen told the Secretary of Commerce that if Worthy wasn't muzzled, they'd quit. "They said they'd pick up their. marbles and go,"' Hoover continued. "I GOT INTO government during the ^depression,"'-he added. "And ail the time I was there I wanted to get into private business. This seemed like a good opportunity to quit and I dont believe I was giving up much. I guess I just never did become a thorough' bureaucrat." "I congratulate you," said Rep. Kenneth B. Keating." So now non-bureaucrat Hoover is in the business of selling typewriters to • government purchasing agents and he's .happy. He appeared by request of the Judiciary Committee, which was investigating WOC's. These are. businessmen who serve their Uncle Sam, usually for. brief periods, without compensation. Recovery A NUMBER of WOC's, including executives of the Indiana Telephone Co., the U.S. Steel Co., the U.S. Rubber Co., and the Rayonier Corp., took non-paying jobs at the Commerce Department to reorganize the NPA, cut its payroll ; from. 1.100 to 435, and change :its name. to the RDSA. These gentlemen, he said, wanted to keep those bureaucrats who were sympathetic to business and fire all those who felt that government should have more control of industry. Politics also entered in. Hoover said a Mr. Bob Jones, representing the Republican national committee, kept office hours at the General Accounting Office, where lie had a list of BO men who should be kept on the job.- "THEY MUST have been 60 Republicans who infiltrated during the Democratic Administration." remarked Rep. Byron G. Rogers. Maybe, said Hoover. But what gave him trouble were the three other lists of employes, including those who had to stay, those who had to go. and those protected by Civil Service regulations. "Unfortunately. 1 myself was on the one list to be kept and on the other to be fired," he said. Barbs CHAIRMAN Emmanuel Cellcr wondered if he was destined to get the gate because he was a Democrat. Hoover said the fact that he'd attended a Jefferson Dny dinner might have had something to do with it, but the real reason was more hair-raising. He said he was a lone Democrat caught* in (he middle of a battle between rival Republicans. The cross fire was something awful. He said the WOC's felt they had A California man who struck an oil well worth a million said he just wanted to be left alone. We'd rather be left a million. Fur will be popular this coming winter, says an ad. Especially with the animals that avoid being trapped. THE WOC.'s WON this argument and Hoover said he figured Worthy took this as a personal affront. "The finger was pointed at me," he said. So Hoover quit (before-he got fired) and went into the typewriter business. Life for him has been a breeze ever since. By comparison, that is, (United Feature Syndicate, Inc.) . THE NETHERLANDS was a devastated country at the end of World- War II. Its wealth had been looted by the Nazis, its dikes ruined and industries bombarded. In addition it lost Indonesia when that nation gained its independence. And it has been cut off from markets in East Europe by the Iron Curtain. Also the Dutch were the first European people to decline American post-war aid. Yet, after having invested almost 53,000,000 in their own industrial development since 1945, they are now making funds available to stimulate economic growth in other countries. During the first six months of 1955, their foreign > t loans have to- talled approximately $100,000,000.. This' is small in comparison with the prewar foreign investments of the Dutch, and with similar 'investments by other nations, but it is a sign that Dutch activity in international financing is expanding rapidly.; • . 'One reason for this development is that Dutch financial circles are 'having trouble finding adequate investment opportunities at home because of the large inflow of foreign, and particularly American, capital into Netherlands . industry. The country's gold and foreign exchange holdings are growing, while domestic interest rates are being reduced. The Dutch have invested in other European places, but their main interests are in overseas colonial developments in Africa,' Latin-America and Canada. The reappearance of the Netherlands as a major economic'power is a tribute to the Dutch. Theirs is a success story that is a pleasure to hear. It provides a cheerful note in a world stretched thin with financial problems .and economic, aid. .-..'• It's fall window-washing time but it's a waste of time unless you wait until after Halloween. AT THE AGE OF 18 Louie's father took him back to. Italy. - .' _ -,-.. -They paid me 15 cents a day to carry rocks for a building," Louie said, "and I .told them if 1 could only see America again-j would never see Italy again." Sifter four months Louie did come back to the United States, became a citizen and never has returned to Italy. "When I saw the Statue of Liberty when I came back I said this was God's country, and 1 still say all the time God bless America, "I don't say this because it is the thing to say, but because this is the best country to live in." ' '• About his sons Louie is proud. One is a salesman, one works for a steel company. .'. "I don't mind shining shoes," he said, "bul I don't want my sons to have to. "It 'is the thrill of my life to work. I like to mingle with people. You may not learn an awful lot shining shoes, but you do hear a lot.'; Louie usually Italian operatic aria as he moves from 'office to office, carrying his shine kit and knee'pad. ;; "When Caruso was alive I knew more songs," he said. "I usecf to hear more opera then. 'NOW I am married, the"expense is more high and I have to watch out for the dollar..; ••"It is 15 or 16 years now since I have been to the opera, but I still remember the melodies. I carry them in my Jiead,always." ; LOUIE, WHO IS 5 feet 5, and combs his gray hair sideways- across the top to split the bald spot, underwent a serious throat operatioii last March. . - . '! - .-• -/He was off work three full weeks, the longest absence of his life, and hundreds of his clients missed him. . '.', "They sent flowers, wine and books to the hospital," said Louie. "But they didn't miss me. They missed my. shines... Without me where could they go and get' a good shine? ;j always bring a good shine'to them." ;; Louie feels better now. He's worked bads to his 50 shines a day schedule.. '•[ "Life is very good," he said. "But you stand on your knees all day'and by night you are .tired." • ' • . ;• • Maybe Louie also becomes wearied because of the number of his clients who depend oii'-his constant, gallant good cheer to-refurbish their spirit as he brightens their shoes. Above all, Louie, who never went to war, is a soldier. He has gone to the samescld battlefront;. daily, year after year, and a1t£65 still flies his flag in his smile and never ||ies for,help. '- - ' •'•'.- .-••'-.. «(B) (Associated Press) ™ George Dixon The Washington Scene WASHINGTON - When President Carlo! Castillo Armas, of Guatemala, was in our midst the other day he really rammed home the axiom-that everything in this world is relative. He said that Guatemala's public debt "had risen to the relatively enormous figure of $52 million." The strong young man who liberated Guatemala from the Communists; obviously expected us to be stunned. He looked askance when all we did was smile wryly. We didn't have the heart to explain that, to us who cover appropriations' hearings, $52 .million is loose change. President Castillo Armas showed he was deeply concerned over being $52,000,000 in the red. And we talk about happy, carefree Latins! We don't worry, although—as of 'Oct. 27—our public debt was exactly $280,109,633,217.45 (Eastern standard time). THESE THINGS sure are relative! The paper work on our public debtalone cost more than $52 million. Why, so far this year, we have given away nearly $52 million to India and Nepal alone! India got S50 million and Nepal $1 million. Naturally this means that the Indians love us fifty times more than the Nepals. On the other hand -the India Indians may think we're playing tribal favorites. We; appropriated $72 million this year to run our own Indian Bureau. . . We spent .$45 million to operate our national parks. This does not include the big trees. Our national forests cost us another $54 million. I HAVE BEFORE ME eight sheets of copy paper filled with items of our multi-billion expenditures, all fresh from the current com- •pilations of the Senate Appropriations Committee. But I don't want you to be bogged down in figures. We are giving away money and materials to most any country you can name—but away down at the bottom of the list is Guatemala. We are giving precious little help, comparatively, to the man.who removed a Communist threat from our doorstep. With a big gesture, we are granting Castillo Armas $15 million. We're giving ten times that this year to countries which haven't done anything except flirt with Communism. it's always the shoestrings that •knowyou're m a hurry that suddenly break. OUR SESSION WITH President CastiUo Armas was very pleasant. H« is a fast-thinl^, 1 with.a ready sense of humor. For instance, one of our lighter minds asked him: "The coffee around Washington hasn't been so good lately. What can we do to improve it?" He went through an act of giving the question deep snd judicial consideration. Finally he replied: "This is the easiest question I have been asked since I assumed office—use Guatemalan coffee!" The 41-year-old savior of Guatemala brought most of his top officials with him. They are all very young. After surveying the sizeable entourage, one of our quiz kids ashed: "What security measures did you leave behind you in Guatemala—in other words, how do you know you'll be President when you get back home?!' Castillo Armas grinned and said he'd 5*1 honest and loyal officers holding the fort. 5 Features, inc.) \,

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