Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan on June 7, 1965 · Page 4
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Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan · Page 4

Ironwood, Michigan
Issue Date:
Monday, June 7, 1965
Page 4
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tout IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN MONDAY. JUNE 7, 1963. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE "The Daily Glebt It an Independent newspaper, supporting what It believes to be right and opposing what it believe* to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartially." -Linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publish*, 1927-1964. Mrs. Unwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher The Egghead Explosion It is better to learn late than never. —PubWius Syria "Never in history lias it been so materially comfortable to be an egghead." Tiie speaker is an anonymous University of Pennsylvania graduate student with a full-expense fellowship in biology. He speaks for the brighter segment of his generation. A few specifics: The 1938 class of Dartmouth College, as reported in a scientific sampling 25 years later, sent 45 per cent of its graduates on to further •tudy. If present trends hold up, 80 pei cent or rr.ore of the 1966 grrluatJnp class will br- covnr candidates for graduate degrees. Schools surh as Princeton.. Harvard, Cornel!, University or Pennsylvania, and New York University l**t September ien«; 60 to 85 per cent of their 1964 liberal arts men into full- time graduate study. (Comparatively few women take jrrndii«te school courses, exi-epl teaching candidates.'? Of the nation's 450,000 bachelor decree graduates of last June, 100,000 are now working for higher degrees, affording to a survey by the Northwestern National Life Insurance Company. More than 90,000 master's degrees were conferred in 1964. as well as 13,000 philosophy doctorates. Each year sees a rise in the number of advanced degrees of between 6 and 7 per cent.. Thus the total of graduate degrees awarded this month will be in the order of 110,000. College and universities are expanding their efforts to supply direly needed candidates for doctorates. Tulane is introducing a program that will give outstanding students up to $8,200 in aid to help them earn doctorates in four years. Harvard picks 23 of its best and brightest and gives them free tuition and up to $2000 a year for five years. In the Ciceronian sense of cultivating a fertile mind with Jearmng all this sounds ideally delightful. But there is another side to the coin. Nobody questions the need for graduate study for scientific and technological pursuits. But placement officers responding to the insurance company survey cited above complained that the "chase after higher degrees is becoming indiscriminate and overdone, especially in non- technical areas." A spokesman for Princeton noted that "a considerable number" of students chose ^graduate school because of "procrastination, ;lack of career information, draft appre- hensidn, vocational immaturity, and liberal graduate fellowships." Placement officers also are beginning to sniff ;an anti-business attitude on campuses that could become serious. Harvard last year sent 31 graduates to the Peace Corps, only nine fewer than it fielded for business. An age group'i that .resents the conformism its older brother* ; sand sisters .sedulously aped fears getting caught in the pin-striped, button-down- collartiabyrinth. "We are deeply concerned with tfie 1 number of college youths who have rejected - business as a career," says John E. Harmon, director of manpower development, U.S. Chamber of Commerce. The college crush of the past few years has pushed up to the graduate level, without reducing any of the pressure from below. Enrollment of students aiming to-advanced degrees was up about 12 per cent in land-grant institutions this year. A great many institutions are turning to an 11 to 12 month operation. Year-round higher education would create badly needed space for 1.2 million students. A further answer would be tightening requirements for admission to graduate schools. Standard* are being raised, of course, but only effectively at institutions where standards always have been discriminatingly high. Steel This Week The steel industry has a good chance of equaling or exceeding last year's record 126.9 million tons of ingots. Labor developments are the big "if," Steel magazine said today. Output last week was at an annual rate of 142 million tons. It was an estimated 2.733,000 net tons. Steel production has climbed for three consecutive weeks, reflecting well sustained demand for finished products. Not once this year has weekly output dipped below last year's figures. Steelmakers are planning brisk operations the next several weeks, so output is headed for a first half record of about 70.2 million tons. The previous first half high: 64.3 million tons in 1959. Barring an agreement on new labor contracts, before Aug. 1—when the United Steelworkers will be free to serve a 30 day strike notice—third quarter output should 'at least equal the record 31.3 million tons poured in the corresponding period, 1964. If it should, the industry will move into the fourth quarter with production of 101.5 million tons behind it. That'll mean it has a good chance of equaling last year's record 126.9 million tons. Consumer hopes for new labor contracts without a strike this fall were raised bv the settlement between the aluminum producers and the USW last week. The pact has provisions similar to those the union won from the can companies in March. Traditionally, the aluminum industry pens a labor agreement nearly parallel to that of the steel industry. But only once before has it been the first to sign-in 1959 when it negotiated a contract a month ahead of the strike-' bound steel industry. Many metalworking executives, who also have labor contracts to negotiate, joined steel companies in their concern about the cost of the aluminum pact. Taking the family downtown usually means going buy-buy. Today's high cigarette prices make it easy to smoke less and enjoy it more. Where Communists Are Greater Evil *y /'*" The curse of the Dominican Republic has been Its reliance on a single crop, that of sugar, for just about half of its foreign exchange earnings. This has always made the Dominicans dependent on either U.S. guarantees or a fluctuating world price. Naturally, the leftists, in their pie-in-the-sky promises, speak of the horrors of' "monoculture," and promise some alleviation when they come into power. But what happens when Communists do take over in "monocultural" lands? Cuba, in the days before Castro, was even more dependent on sugar than the Dominican Republic had ever been; it once earned up to 78 per cent of its dollars from sugar sales. Castro, before his movement deposed Batista, promised an end to "mpnocultural" servitude to foreign capitalists. But today, after six years of freedom from the Yankeee "colonialists," Castro's Cuba is more abjectly dependent on sugar than ever. So enslaved is Communist Cuba to the need for a good sugar crop that Fidel Gastro has had to make symbolic capital for his regime by appearing in the fields in person as a cane cutter; The Socialist cane harvest for 1963 and 1964 were disastrous, falling behind the 6.7 million tons of 1961, the last year of capitalist production, by as much as 2.9 an 3.1 million tons. Even at a price of 10 cents a pound (the world figure for 1964) the decrease in sugar production meant trouble for the bearded one. So, in a burst of desperation, Castro committed his countrymen to an all-out burst of sugar monoculture for 1965. He'd show the capitalist world that Socialists could cut and grind cane with the best of them. So what happened? By forcing schoolchildren, women, factory workers, college students, •nd political bureaucrats to "volunteer" for the harvest, Castro has managed to get a sugar crop estimated at something in excess of 5 million tons. Thii is still at least 1.5 million below the figure for 1961, when private enterprise was having iti last innings in the Cuban countryside/ The 5 million tons are coming en to • world market that is offering 2.5 a pound for sugar. In other words, Castro ^ge) leH for his fairly big crop of 1965 ' " : "' for liii poor showing of 3.6 million Tug <X War tons for 1964. The Soviets, of course, could give him a break by making barter deals with him on , favorable terms. But when have the Soviet ever taken pity on a satellite nation simply because it is in need? With the example of Communist Cuba in mind, other Latin American nations should be warned that the leftists have no magic to dispense in the social war to get rid of the curse of monoculture. A Brazilian Castro would probably end up by driving the school kids of Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro into the fields to work on coffee plantations. And in Chile a Communist government would probably be tearing its collective hair to whip up new records of copper production. What Latin America faces is a general need to diversify in order to get away from the traditional monocultural order. In Brazil,' it is a matter of escaping a fifty per cent dependence on coffeee for foreign earnings. In Colombia and Guatemala, reliance on coffee has been even more pronounced—and even more disastrous. Bolivia has been notoriously dependent on the single commodity of tin. In Venezuela it has been oil; in Uruguay and the Argentine it has been beef. The lesson for the Dominican Republic is writ large: It needs a political order that will encourage the diversification of the economy in a whole host of small individualistic directions. With the help of the U.S. and "Operation Bootstrap," the Puerto Ricans have achieved a measure of diversification. When I was in Puerto Rico I visited an agriculturalist who insisted on raising ten different crop* a year. By staggering his production he managed to hav« some of his crops safely underground in the hurricane season. And he wasn't chained to any single commodity for a profitable price. Diversification, can be had. But the Communists are the least likely people in the world to take the lead in achieving it. All they can think of in Cuba is the whip to get the school kids out to cut cane. Theyd do the tame in the Dominican Republic. After a gal marries her "dreamboat" he rinds he has an anchor. ( The National Whirligig b» tteChn* Hewepapw By ANDREW TULLY WASHINGTON — Despite Bobby Kennedy's criticism of United States Intervention in the Dominican Republic, President Johnson is not going to be drawn into any public brawl with the Junior senator from New York. Queried by visitors, the President's face turns solemn, but he insists he has no hard feel- Ings toward Bobby, either as a result of Kennedy's Dominican barbs or as a hangover from the bitter convention fight in i960. He feels the convention fight left no serious wounds, but he won't venture a guess as to how Bobby feels toward him. The President tells visitors they'll have to ask Kennedy about that. o o ft TOM LITTLE, NASHVILLE TENNESSEAN Today in National Affairs By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON — President De Gaulle of France is not an imaginative person, but it is unfortunate that for such a long time he should have been uninformed on how the American people feel about his unfriendliness to the United States. For many months members of Congress have not spoken out vehemently against President De Gaulle's attitude, but at last the patience of men in both political parties has worn out. Senator Paul H. Douglas, of Illinois, Democrat, delivered in the Senate on Thursday, the strongest speech that has been made in criticism of a French government in several decades. I n fact, it is hard to recall when ao severe a criticism of France —the longtime ally of the United States—has ever been voiced in Congress. Mr. Douglas is himself a veteran of World War II. He was wounded in action and decorated lor bravery. He was for many years a professor of economics In the University of Chicago and has served as president of the American Economic Association. The Illinois Senator was particularly critical of De Gaulle's plan to insist upon gold payments and other moves which could upset the international exchange markets and produce a financial maladjust ment in the world. * ft ft Senator Douglas spoke of pos sible reprisals. He suggested that the flow of U.S. dollars into French hands could be "cut to the bone" and that America could demand payment of the $1.9 billion of World War I deb which France still owes. The Illinois Senator pointed to De Gaulle's refusal to maintain the strength of NATO and men tioned other unfriendly acts, such as the recognition of Red China by the French Government anc the continuance of trade wit! both Red China and North Vie Nam. Also. France's lining up with Russia in the U.N. and the hostile attitude manifested b; the Paris government toward U.S. policy in the Caribbean were cited by Mr. Douglas, who said: "The General is indeed be having as though he had con eluded that we will become hope lesily bogged down in southeas Asia and possibly also in Lati America, and that he woul then move with our enemies fo the kill." Senator Douglas expressed th belief that France could no alone drag down the economy o the United States, but migh cause trouble if It induced othe countries and the central bank of Europe to demand that the! dollar claims be redeemed i gold. The Illinois Senator rec ommended that the flow of U.8 money to Europe be reduced b cutting down the spending fo the support of American troop In France and perhaps movin our military units to other coun tries. He suggested that aid I former French possessions I Africa, which amounted to $19 million last year, be reduced o possibly terminated. He urge that transportation from th United States be confined t< non-French shipping lines an airlines, and that American tou Ists should give preference t places In Europe other tha France. * * * Senator Douglas closed hi speech with a plea to Franc and General De Gaulle to be ome "our friends instead of our ntagonists," and then added: "But we cannot be expected ontinually to lower our flag in he presence of such hostility nd to have our very generosity nd desire to help turned into he weapons of our undoing, 'he choice is up to France and o its president. We shall await with interest the choice which s to be made." For several months now, the United States Government has een embarrassed by the De Gaulle policies. Affront after affront has been inflicted o n American diplomats who have ried to counsel with France, and there never has been any adequate explanation of just why, in view of the long record friendly relations in the past, uch hostility has been develop- d under the De Gaulle Government. It is obvious that Senator Douglas reflected the viewpoint of the majority of both houses of Congress—in fact, the sentiments of a vast number of Americans throughout the country—when he called attention to the dangerous policies of a financial and an economic nature on which President De Gaulle seems to have embarked. Anybody with a minimum amount of perception of the all- important role of public relations could have told President De Gaulle long ago that he was taking the very course that would destroy the prestige of France and tend to weaken her economic relationship with the United States. But, fortunately, a climax has not been reached and there is time for a re-establishment of friendly relations between the two countries—if General De Gaulle will only see the light. Many of his own countrymen as well as Americans sincerely hope he will. The Communist party in France is numberous and powerful, and it must be jubilant over the mischief it could perpetrate if an open break materializes between the French government and the United States. Some friends and callers, however, get the impression Johnson is a mite fed up with all the posthumous talk about the Kennedy "style", and "grace." The President disavows any such qualities in his own makeup; he tries to do the best he can and feels it is the results that count, not whatever charm might go into achieving them. Similarly, the President shows no Inclination to bicker with French President Charles de Gaulle, whose anti-American antics have caused great pain among our diplomats. Johnson is content merely to step aside when de Gaulle tries to tackle him or throws beanbags at him. And he is grateful that De Gaulle so often comes through when the chips are down —as in the Cuban missile crisis of a few years ago. Besides, De Gaulle is getting oil — he won't be around too much longer, a a a But the President remains perplexed and acerbic about his critics on the Viet Nam war. He feels he has done everything they asked him to do by offering to enter unconditional negotiations and by imposing a s 1 x day ban on the bombings of North Viet Nam, and still his critics are not satisfied. What he'd like to hear is some of those critics asking that the Communist Viet Cong stop Idling Americans Instead of always demanding that the Amer- cans stop fighting back. Johnson also can't understand why so few critics give the United States credit for its pea ceful accomplishments In South Viet Nam. He feels there should be an occasional footnote mentioning that under American aid South Vietnamese rice pr o- duction has been doubled, more children are going to school, and the man in the street and In the fields is much better off economically. Johnson does not see that record as the record of a greedy Imperialistic nation seeking to take over Southeast Asia as one big colony. An avid leader who likes to quote history's personalities, the President has hung a framed quotation from the Roman consul, Lucius Aemillus Paulus, on the wall of his office. He points to It as reflecting some of his thoughts about the ignorance of his critics. * ft * Paulus noted that "commanders should be counseled, chiefly by persons of known talent; by those who have made the art of war their particular study, and whose knowledge is derived from experience; from those who are present at t h e scene of action, who see the country, who see the enemy; who see the advantages that occasions offer, and who, like people embarked on the s a m e ship, are sharers of the danger ..." The President has a supply of Paulus remarks, attractively printed on antique paper, and hands them out to visitors with the comment that they are suitable for framing. He believes that if his critics read them every day it would be good for their souls. The Washington Scene Business Mirror By RAY CROMLEY WASHINGTON (N E A) The By SAM DAWSON AP Business 'News Analyst NEW YORK (AP) — William McChesney Martin has been inked in the public mind with the most recent break in stock market prices. But before the chairman of the Federal Reserve Board warned against over-confidence the current downturn In stock market prices was already two weeks old. And even the brief upsurge that had brought the market to a peak May 14 had followed a long period of hesitation. The fears Martin is credited with bringing to public attention have been discussed in market circles much of this year. Some of the uncertainties have to do with the economy in general. How long can it continue to advance? And how steep the climb? Will 1* become overheated? Other nagging doubts have to do with the stock market Itself. Prices of many issues have gone up faster than yields. Corporate dividends have risen, but not as fast as prices of some of the popular shares. This means that returns on dollars Invested at today's market prices are smaller than a few months back. The yields also are smaller than obtainable from less glamorous but perhaps safer investments. Corporate profits have set a record high this year. But the rise in profit margins that has marked the last two years shows signs of petering out. All that Martin, head of the nation's central banking system, did was to voice doubts that others had been discussing private- y. Some of the worries— which le didn't stress —centered on ;he chances of the economy keeping up its amazing growth rate, and on whether the stock market might already have discounted the gains expectable in the months ahead. The stock market has been having its own troubles. For the public these have been linked with the 900 mark in the Dow- Jones averages of 30 industrial stocks. When this index crossed the 900 mark Jan. 28, the popular phrase was "the magic Ironwood Daily Globe Published evenlni*, except Sunday* bjr. Glob* Publlahini Company, 118 E McLeod Ave., Ironwood, Mlehiian Established Nov. 20, 1819, (Ironwood News-Record acquired Aprl) 16 1931; Ironwood Times acquired May 93. IMS. I Second eiats postal* paid at Iron wood. Michigan. MEM BE* Or TBB ASSOCIATED raits The Associated Press la entitled ex clusively to th* use for rapubleatlon of all th* local news printed la this newspaper, as wall a* all A* new* dispatches. Member of American Newspaper Publishers Association, (nteramerlcan Press Association. Inland Dally Press Association, Bureau of Advertising Michigan Press Association. Audi Bureau of Circulations. Subscription rates: By mall within • radius of 60 miles—per year, $9; six months, 15; three months, $3; one month, fl.SO. No mall subscriptions sold to towns and locations where carrier 900' But the volatile index slipped well below that later before finally recovering to climb to 939 May 14. Some, however, think that 900 may still hold some magic as a resistance point to downward trends. Others talk about the 'magic 1,000" they expect the Indicator to cross before the year is out. If it does, Martin will be forgiven—in Wall Street, if not in all sectors of Washington. Russians or the Red Chinese have begun bringing IL-28 Soviet bombers into North Viet Nam airfields. Military planners believe this is a test operation; if the United States lets these bombers stay without attack, more will be brought in. They can be of use only for bombing South Viet Nam and Laos. Pentagon strategists have made some calculations. Their figuring shows that these Soviet IL-28s, operating from selected North Viet Nam airfields, would have the range to hit Saigon, the major U.S. military air bases and almost any other point in South Viet Nam except the southern fifth. A sneak attack could conceiV' ably catch groups of U.S bombers on the ground. High military officials are attempting to get Defense Secretary Robert McNamara to sell the administration on bombing all North Viet Nam airfields now. They favor heavy strikes at Red bombers, fighters and even empty fields to discourage the Communists from brnging in more planes. o a a The Russians are working on a series of missile sites around Hanoi. One is understood to be nearly ready for use. Work is gong ahead rapidly on surrounding a chunk of North Viet Nam's other airfields with first-class antiaircraft weapons of medium and heavy caliber Boon these fields will be able to lay down a heavy barrage o flak during U.S. attacks. These North Vietnamese prep arations mean that waiting wil make U.S. attacks on North Vie Nam's airfields Increasing Timely Quotes One of the most serious problems facing the American public relative to criminal justice is the apparently unrealistic attitude evidenced by some members of the judiciary who appear to be more concerned for the "rights" of repeating criminal offenders than for the unfortunate members of the public who are victimized by unrehabilltat- ed burglars, robbers, rapists and murderers. A tiger in the tank is no use if there is a donkey at the wheel. —Tom Fraser, British Minister of Transport. A Daily Thought "Remember that my life is a breath; my eye will never again see good." - Job 7:7. Begin at once to live, and ly costly. This attack-the-airfields plan is part of a proposal to draw a tight ring around Hanoi being debated in the highest govern ment quarters. Military movements in and ou of this circle would be bombed Cutting the northern acces routes into Hanoi would snipe at the Inflow of Chinese arms Bombing the routes from th coast could slow the import o Russian equipment. The air Interdiction (in cuttin bridges and slowing traffic would also tighten the ec6nomi noose around Hanoi a little Movements of rice and othe tood into the capital would in evitably be slowed if the bomb ing line were drawn as tlghtl as is beng advocated. For political reasons, Hano won't likely be bombed at pre bent. North Viet Nam's new factories and agricultural im provements won't be touched These may be hit later—if pre sent bombing schedules don convince Ho Chi Minh to slow the war. * ft ft It's reasoned here that th inch in Hanoi would be cal- ulated to cause more dissatis- action among the families of Ho's officials. There is growing pressure rom military planners to bomb he access routes from China to forth Viet Nam. This bombing would aim at more than slow- ng present military aid from Mao Tse-tung. It would be in- ended to persuade Mao that the United States is ready to meet.' ny major Chinese commitment head on—thus give him second houghts about invading Viet sram. U.S. officials, of course, have no way of knowing what the : Reds would do if the United States does put such a noose around Hanoi, or the phycholo- ; gical effects if the noose were at first drawn loosely and then ;radually tightened. That is, this phychological military effort would be experimental. If it is tried and works, the United States will "learn something that might be applied : n future wars of infiltraton. [f the ring doesn't work, the United States will try one small ;hlng after another until some technique is found which does. Record of the Past 10 YEARS AGO — Temperatures: High 64, low 54 ... A tot£. of ,60 large bags of clothing were collected, packed and sent to the Save the Children Federation as a part of the drive conducted in the wood Public Schools according to School Superintendent R. Ernest Dear Coach Roman Yatchak's Wakefield High School track team copped first place in the invitational .meet held at Wakefield and also carried off top class C honors in the Upper Peninsula Region a 1 meet at Bessemer .... A total 279 persons were x-rayed at the Roosevelt School Ironwood Township and 119 at the K. P. Silberg School. 20 YEARS AGO — Temperatures: High 67, low 42 . .'. . Mothers of boys in the a r m e d services are cordially invited, by the American Legion auxiliary to attend a tea honoring Gold-Star mothers on Flag Day, June 14, In the Legion club rooms .... Following the graduation exercises at the Luther L. Wrighl high school this evening, members of the graduating class are Invited to attend a party which Is being sponsored by the Free and Accepted Masons and the Aurora Chapter Order of Eastern Star. i'i !• maintain /I ' KM h ** *-"vsi,»i» em uiiv/v tw «» v \*, «*iv* i At o l tdOWiltu JUI*L v* laidlr tii "ar $ii* ""• month, si so "u~m"i' count each day as a separate ring around Hanoi would brin subscription* payabi* m advance. By, Hf e . -- Seneca, philosopher of I the war closer home to Ho's carrier. $20.M per y*a> Im advance) by th* week, tt aaata. ancient Rome. government. A slight economic Liquor Commission Sets U.P. Meeting LANSING (AP) — The Liquor Control Commission has announced a public meeting foz June 21 at Escanaba. State law requires two such meetings be held a year to hear complaints and receive the views of the public on the administration of the Liquor Control Act. u SV.A

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