a place to go* Carroll Daily Times Herald Vol. 101—No. 264 Return Postage Guaranteed Carroll, Iowa, 51401, Monday, November 9, 1970—Ten Pages Evening for SO Cents Per Week <| f\ Copy Red Ink Big Problem in Dealing With New Congress- Nixon Faces Hard Choices on Economizing, Increasing Taxes WASHINGTON (AP) - The persistent and mounting red ink in the federal budget probably will be President Nixon's major problem in dealing with the new Congress next year. It is a Congress that Tuesday's election changed only slightly—and not in a way to help him much in his fiscal dilemma. Facing a deficit estimated by congressional specialists as high as $15 billion to $1* billion, the administration — if it remains true to its announced principles — must make hard choices about cutting spending, increasing taxes or both. At the same time, it is under heavier pressure to try new ways of boosting an economy that now registers a seven-year high in unemployment—while avoiding feeding persistent inflation. There is widespread feeling the economy, harped on by Democrats, had more impact on the electorate Tuesday than the law and order arguments of the Republicans. And with attention now turning to the 1972 presidential contest, more jobs and a slowdown in price jumps become a GOP political must. Whatever decisions the administration makes must be submitted to a Congress that not only remains firmly under Democratic control, but maintains in key positions most of the same men who confronted the Republican White House during the past two years. The specter of big deficits First Move by Saturn 5 Toward Moon CAPE KENNEDY, Fla. (AP) — The Saturn 5 rocket for America's Apollo 14 lunar landing mission makes its first move toward the moon today—a ponderous 3%-mile journey from the assembly building to the launch pad. The 36-story-tall rocket was to be moved while standing upright on the back of a huge tank-like transporter that travels at a maximum speed of one mile an hour. Apollo 14 astronauts Alan B. Shepard Jr., Stuart A. Roosa and Edgar D. Mitchell are training here for their Jan. 31 launching and planned to follow the progress of the rocket rollout. Shepard, America's first spaceman back in 1961, and Mitchell are to attempt to land in the moon's rugged Fra Mauro highlands to search for pristine lunar soil that might provide clues for to the origin of the moon. Fra Mauro had been the intended target for Apollo 13 before an oxygen tank explosion 205,000 miles from home cancelled man's third moon-landing attempt last April. The three ahtronauts, James A. Lovell Jr., Fred W. Haise Jr. and John L. Swigert Jr., fought for survival in four danger-filled days before they returned safely to earth. As a result of the explosion, the Apollo 14 launching has been delayed nearly four months while design changes have been made in the spaceship. The new system in the service module includes three orygen tanks instead of two, removal of most electrical wiring and all combustible materials from inside the tanks, elimination of stirring fans and thermal switches, electrical wires sheathed in stainless steel and a better warning system to alert the astronauts and ground controllers in case of trouble. The space agency had hoped to install the new oxygen tanks before the command, service and lunar modules were mated to the rocket last week. But the tanks are still undergoing checks and will be installed on the launch pad later this month. MARTIN ILL SEATTLE (AP) - Thomas E. Martin, 77, former U.S. Senator from Iowa, is reported seriously ill in Veterans Hospital here following a series of strokes. Ship's Mast? No, it's a power distribution pole showing some of the newest uses for fiberglass - reinforced plastics. The linemen's tools, the ladder, even some of the line separators are made of it. Because fiberglass is electrically safe and requires little maintenance, it is estimated that more than 245 million pounds of the material will be going into electrical products annually by 1976, according to an industry study. U.S. Medical Abuses Charged in a Report WASHINGTON (AP) Americans cannot be certain of adequate health care because doctors and government officials tolerate' the poor practice of medicine, says a Ralph Nader study group. The report, written by a former federal health official with help from medical and law students, chronicles a long list of what it calls medical abuses: the failure of doctors to keep abreast of new developments, the "leaking" of poorly qualified foreign medical school graduates into the U.S. system, performance of unnecessary operations, prescription of unnecessary drugs and some simply shoddy practices. The basis of the problem, according to the report, is the failure of doctors to review each other's work and to establish standards for the practice of medicine. The Nader group was directed by Dr. Robert S. McCleery, a 57-year-old surgeon and former deputy director of the Food and Drug Administration's bureau of medicine. The report proposed the federal government establish a national board to work with doctors in setting medical care standards. "Every citizen is at the mercy of a system devoid of uniform, enforced standards of quality and must run the risks implied in the statistics of uneven levels of care among hospitals and physicians," said the report. Among the statistics cited: —A study Columbia of hospital University admissions that showed 57 per cent of the patients received good or optimal care. The rest got care rated fair or poor. —A report by the National Commission on Health Manpower that examinations passed by Nader .... See Page 9 plagues administration planners at every turn as they tackle more specific problems of the coming year, including: —The draft, which expires June 30. Nixon is committed in principle to moving toward an all-volunteer army, which would be costly in pay and other incentives. —Reform of the welfare system, unless Congress in the upcoming lame duck session succeeds in reconciling sharply differing versions. Main objection to the administration plan has been its cost. Meanwhile welfare rolls continue to soar above predictions. —Possible extension of Federal aid to college students. Again, cost is the big headache. —Continuation or revamping of the antipoverty program. —Mounting sentiment for a national health insurance program, with heavy government financial participation. On the other hand, Democratic gains in the election could improve the chances, still slim, of one Republican proposal — sharing federal revenues with the states. Democrats will have more governors—as many as 11 more —and control more state legislatures. The majority Democrats in Congress could be under more pressure from home to help hard-pressed local governments. But Chairman Wilbur D. Mills, D-Ark., of the House Ways and Means Committee, shortly before the election firmly reiterated his opposition to revenue sharing, especially while the federal budget is in deficit. And Mills will be on the job again next year. Secretary of the Treasury David M. Kennedy repeatedly has indicated it will seek new or extended taxes, if spending cuts do not reduce deficits to manageable size. Although he has not been specific, one possibility is postponement of some income tax reductions, such as the increase in the personal exemption to $700 effective Jan. 1, 1972, and a stepup in the standard persona deduction. Revision of estate and gif taxes, including the possibility of taxing capital gains in inheri tances, is still on the docket 01 the Ways and Means Committee. Administration tax policy officials also are known to be interested in the value-added tax, a form of sales tax imposed at various stages in the manufacturing process. From a political point of view, it would be less visible than an income tax increase. Court Splits; Refuses to Hear Suit Questioning War Legality WASHINGTON (AP) - A divided Supreme Court refused today to hear a suit by Massachusetts questioning the legality of U.S. military action in Vietnam. Six justices voted against the state and three justices dissented. Only Justice William O. Douglas, one of the dissenters, set forth his views. In other actions today, court: the —Agreed to determine whether state funds can be used to supplement salaries of lay teachers in parochial schools. —Ruled that mental patients who are new to a state may not be sent back to their old home states by hospital officials. —Declined to review Hie conviction of Yippie leader Abbie Hoffman for resisting arrest in Chicago in 1968. He was accused Justices Hugo L. Black, William of having a vulgarism written across his forehead. —Rejected a challenge to a provision of the 1968 Gun Control Act that prohibits unregistered possession of firearms by convicted felons. Massachusetts had argued that without a declaration of war the President has no authority to send American troops into combat in Southeast Asia. administration court against The Nixon counseled the granting the state a hearing. Justice Department officials said a judicial inquiry into the legality of the war would hamstring the President, insult Congress and embarrass the nation. Voting against a hearing were Chief Justice Warren E. Burger and Justice Harry A. Blackmun, both of whom were put on the court by President Nixon and J. Brennan Jr., Byron R. White and Thurgood Marshall, holdovers from past administrations. Dissenting with Douglas were Justices John M. Harlan and Potter Stewart. In the past the court has declined every time to hear suits questioning the war's legality. At first, only Douglas dissented. Subsequently, he was joined by Stewart. Today, the dissenters picked up Harlan. River Sector Shifted to South Viets SAIGON (AP) - South Vietnamese troops have taken over offensive operations from the Americans in an area of 100 square miles north of Saigon, authoritative sources disclosed today. The major shift of •Hied responsibilities virtually ends the American offensive role •long the Saigon River corridor, • long-time North Vietnamese-Viet Cong infiltration •nd supply route. Four American artillery and patrol bases have been turned over to the South Vietnamese along a 50-mile stretch of the river, from the Cambodian border south to within 20 miles of Saigon. South Vietnamese troops also are taking over Cu Chi, a giant base camp 20 miles northwest of Saigon that is the headquarters of the U.S. 25th Infantry Division. The division's headquarters and its 1st and 3rd Brigades are returning to Hawaii by Christmas. Other American units at Cu Chi and Dau Tieng, an American brigade headquarters farther north, will be pulled out soon. For the most part, sources said, the realignment leaves American forces in the western half of the 3rd Military Region defending their remaining bases and conducting such defensive operations as local reconnaissance, searching out enemy caches and protecting the current rice harvest. The realignment is part of President Nixon's withdrawal program to reduce U.S. strength in Vietnam to 284,000 troops by next May 1. The U. S. Command announced today that American forces in the country dropped another 6,000 men last week to 368,000. It was the lowest level since Dec. 10, 1966, when there were 367,400. Meanwhile, the Cambodian military command reported that the largest combined South Vietnamese-Cambodian task force of the war pushed in behind tanks on a Communist base camp 20 miles south of Phnom Penh. A spokesman said one South Vietnamese tank was reported destroyed by a mine, but the 7,000-man force had made no significant contact with the enemy. The spokesman said another Cambodian task force pushed 40 miles up Highway 2 from Takeo to Phnom Penh. The highway had been cut for nearly six months, but there was no report of enemy opposition to the drive. In still another operation, on the east bank of the Mekong River, the Cambodian command said government troops had recaptured Preak Tameak, 11 miles northeast of Phnom Penh. The spokesman did not say whether the Cambodian troops met any resistance. Elsewhere in Cambodia, the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong shelled Kompong Cham, the country's third largest city Indo-China . . . See Page 9 Massachusetts thus fell one vote short of winning a hearing. Under court rules four justices must acquiesce before a case can be heard. WASHINGTON (AP) - The Supreme Court agreed today to determine whether state funds can be used to supplement salaries of lay teachers in parochial schools. At a hearing this winter, the justices will review a three- judge federal court's decision declaring the Rhode Island salary supplement law unconstitutional. The Rhode Island law called for state supplements of up to 15 per cent to teachers in nonpublic schools. Most of the money went for teachers in parochial schools. WASHINGTON (AP) — The Supreme Court declined today to review the conviction of Yip- pie leader Abbie Hoffman for resisting arrest in Chicago in 1968. Police moved against Hoffman after being told by an unidentified woman that Hoffman had what the Illinois Supreme Court later called a "vulgarism" written across his forehead in red. In asking a high court review of his conviction and one-year probation, Hoffman's attorneys said the evidence was obtained in an unlawful search. The Supreme Court made no commet in unanimously rejecting the appeal. The conviction was upheld earlier by the Illinois Supreme Court. WASHINGTON (AP) - The Supreme Court heard a renewed plea today tor major changes in the way the death sentence is imposed in the United States. Lawyers for two condemned slayers argued that juries should be stripped of their "absolute discretion" to decide which guilty men should die and which should get jail terms. The three-hour hearing was a replay of arguments before the court over the last two years that led to no decision. In the meantime, the number of men and women on death row has grown to more than 550—most of whom have a life-or-death in terest in the outcome. The two prisoners whose appeals are before the court are Dennis C. McGautha of Los Angeles and James E. Crampton of Toledo, Ohio. Cramption was convicted of killing his wife, McGautha of killing a grocer. McGautha's lawyer, Herman F. Selvin of Beverly Hills, Calif., argued California law pro- vides no standards or guidelines for the jury to determine whether to impose the death penalty or a life sentence. Crampton's lawyer, John J. Callahan of Toledo, argues similarly regarding death penalty jurors in Ohio. Should the court agree, all but a handful of the current death sentences could be upset and state legislatures required to lay down specific guidelines for future juries. The prisoners spared by such a ruling presumably would be resentenced. Callahan also argued that the trial should be split up, as it is in California, Texas, Georgia, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and New York. This would allow a defendant to plead for mercy without waving his Fifth Amendment guarantee against Court ..... See Page 2 Egypt Plans a Union With Sudan, Libya By The Associated Press Egypt is planning to federate with Sudan and Libya to form "a nucleus for the unity of the Arab world" in northeast Africa. It is Cairo's second such attempt to put together a greater Arab nation. The late President Gamal Abdel Nasser failed in the first attempt, a federation with Syria and Yemen that was formed in 1958. It existed mostly on paper, and was broken up by Syria in September, 1961. Egypt's official name remains the United Arab Republic, a remnant of that try at union. Nasser's successor, Anwar Sadat, President Jaafar el Nu- mairi of Sudan and Col. Muam- mar Kadafi, leader of Libya's military regime, announced plans for the new merger early today after a conference in Cairo. No target date was given for putting the federation into operation. "The Arab world is facing internal as well as external attempts to liquidate the revolutionary tide," it said, adding that the confederation was necessitated also by the death of Nasser, "whose mere presence in the Arab struggle (with Israel) was a sufficient symbol of unity for the Arab peoples." Under the plan, called the Tripoli Charter in honor of a conference Nasser, Kadafi and Numairi held there this year, a tripartite command will first consolidate the political systems in the countries and coordinate Middle East... See Page 2 Area Forecast (More Weather on P«g« 2) Clearing and colder Monday night, lows 20s northwest to lower 30s southeast. Fair and warmer Tuesday, highs in lower 50s. Rain chances in per cent: Monday night 10, Tuesday near zero. Happy Wearing flared tousers, a midi-length coat and tinted glasses, Jacqueline Onassis was caught in a happy mood between airports at London recently. Student Complaints Legitimate: Sen. Neil In the area of housing and student government, Iowa students have legitimate complaints, State Senator Arthur A. Neu (R-Carroll) chairman of the committee on campus unrest, told about 20 men at the Presbyterian Men's Breakfast Monday Pauline's Cafe. morning at Sen. Neu said he will recommend placing a student as an ex-official member on the Board of Regents, for the purpose of discussion. The committee on campus unrest still has to meet with students at the University of Northern Iowa and the Board of Regents before they publish their report in mid-December, Neu pointed out. He also recommends placing students on departmental operating boards. These boards make important decisions, such as course requirements, and he feels the student should have a chance to be represented on these boards. As an example, he said the history majors would select a student to sit on the board of the history department. In the area of housing, Sen. Neu said he will recommend revising the housing code and condemning some of the off- campus housing. The private, off-campus housing in Iowa City is bad, Neu said, yet the students don't want to live in the dorms, because they say it costs more, which in some cases is true. Their other objection, to living in the dorms, he noted, is the violation of their freedom of life style. "They wouldn't live in the dorms even if they were cheaper than off-campus," Neu stated. On-campus housing at Iowa City, Neu said, "is not really the best or most tastefully done." He cited Hawkeye Courts as "shoddy," and said "it could have been done with more taste. The new dorms at Ames at least look nice." On one hand the students at Iowa City say the off-campus housing is bad and should be condemned, Neu commented, Neu See Page 2 GM Talks Near Climax DETROIT (AP) - Negotiators in the eight-week-old United Auto Workers strike returned to the bargaining table today reportedly for nonstop talks aimed at reaching agreement in the strike against General Motors by Tuesday night. The Tuesday deadline is needed if GM is to return to full prodution by Dec. 1, officials said. Such an agreement could then be submitted to the 350-man GM-UAW Council Wednesday for its approval and the next step would be a ratification vote by GM workers across the country. The plan for * long day-night session was reported by a highly placed and usually reliable source. From another source it was learned the union has called its 25-member International Executive Board to meet Tuesday in Detroit. While negotiations are being conducted under a news blackout, there have been reports of progress from other sources in the last three days. Negotiators met for 10-plus hours both Saturday and Sunday. Marathon, night-long sessions have been a certain tipoff of an imminent agreement in the past. But none has yet marked current GM-UAW negotiations, which began July 15. The strike, called Sept. 15 to support the UAW's wage and fringe benefit demands, hit idled 400,000 in GM plants in the United States and Canada and has resulted in thousands of layoffs in supplier plants and related industries. The union has summoned its GM Council to Detroit Wednesday, an action which usually follows contract settlement. The union said that this time, however, such a meeting was necessary whether or not there was a new national contract. It said plans must be made for strike continuance if there is no new contract by Wednesday. GM and the UAW Sunday reached the halfway point in wrapping up at-the-plant working agreements which supplement the national contract, when the 81st out of 162 se- arate UAW-GM bargaining unit* came to terms.
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