TUESDAY, JANUARY 17, 1933 Cbttorial }3agc A L F R » D H A'Jl ft.tt b 1J • / EDITOR AND PHOWUKTOB ' ( ,'. __. ... J_. Califoroian Issued livery Evening Except Sunday In Bukersllold, Kern County, California Entered In post, office at Bakersfteld, California, as second ciluss mall matter under the Act of Congress March a, 187!). MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to the UFO for publication of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited In this paper, and ulso the local news published therein. The Callfornlan Is nlso a client of the United Press and the United News and receives the complete leased wire service of both. EASTERN REPRESENTATIVES Bryant, Griffith & Brunson, Inc. Xew York, Chicago, Detroit, Atlanta WASHINGTON (D. C.) BUREAU Frederic J. Hnskln, Director, Washington, D. C. THIS PAPER IS MADE IN THE U. 8. A. ON THE OTHER HAND V I IEW1NG the number of unemployed men and women in the country, casual observers of industrial- conditions find it difficult to reject the conclusion that displacement by machinery is responsible for these conditions. But there is a wide difference of opinion, since it is possible to present figures which apparently contradict the theory that machines have caused a major part of our economic distress. For example, a newspaper correspondent writes in a discussion of technological unemployment that he is "proud to think of what the printing press has done for enlightenment." The Xew York Times, which published his letter, observes that the general tone is favorable to the machine, and that the correspondent takes satisfaction because the linotype machine enables him to do the work of four or Jive men. "But," adds the Times, "he cannot forget that each linotype machine has displaced five or six hand compositors." In this connection it is interesting to consider some facts as presented by the editor, who questions the necessity of restating one that has been taught for a century to generations of children. It is flatly asserted that machines do not "displace" labor, because they increase production so many times that, as a rule, there is work for more men than ever. Then we are told that in the year 1910 we had in this country 127,000 compositors, linolypers and typesetters. In the year 1920 we had 140,165, and in the year 1930 we had 183,632. So the question logically follows—where has the displacement been? Then the Times says: "The increase between 1910 and 1920 is small because for the country as a whole this was the period of the introduction of the typesetting mach'ine. Yet even in this transitional period there was only a slight relative decline, from one compositor for every 725 people to one for every 760 people. In 1930 it was one compositor for every 660 people, a decided gain over the year 1910." Taking the printing and publishing trades as a whole, it is pointed out, the number ol gainfully employed went up from 286,000 in 1914 to 358,000 in 1929. The years after 1920 were a period of much newspaper consolidation with consequent loss of employment for newspaper writers and involving a great deal of hardship, physical and mental. But in 1920' the number of editors and reporters was a trifle over 34,000; in 1930 they were verynearly 52,000. Their increase was much faster than the rise in population. Whether this was a gain or a loss for the country, may be left to the judgment of the reader. Going much farther back into the history of the printing trades, the writer strengthens his case for the machine. "Who were these hand compositors whom the linotype is supposed to have displaced?" he wants to know. "The typesetter of the pre-Mergenthaler days was himself a product of a machine. If Gutenberg had not invented movable type in the fifteenth century, there would have been no hundreds of thousands of compositors lo. be threatened by machine composition in the twentieth cenlurv." of dissociation from crushing burdens of official responsibility. Otherwise Ihe statements attributed'lo the British leader might well stir a good deal of resentment among the people of this coun- Iry, as well as several others, Lloyd George offers no mild criticism of Ihe United States, while excoriating Liberalism in his own country. "The United States government was moribund, like a wasp when Ihe Summer has past, with' just one sling left in its tail," he is quoted. "And the government stung us badly, to the exlenl of 30,000,000 pounds," Moreover, he said h'is own government was "bluffed" by Premier Bennelt of Canada, "defied" by Japan, and "bullied" by Ihe United Stales. * But it must be remembered that, Lloyd George no longer speaks for Great Britain with Ihe voice of high authority. And\if he chooses lo despair of civilizalion's survival unless Ihe world accepts the theories and political policies of Stalin and Mussolini, he will at least have approbalion from Ihose sources. Americans, for Ihe most part, will prefer lo picture Lloyd George as he was on the occasion of his last visit to the United Stales, when he received honors due a greal exponent of democracy in government. MENACE TO FARMERS W By FREDERIC J. HASKIN Tho rMourcei of our trio Information Ifljreiu ar« »t your terrlco. You ire IHTlttd to call uimn It lu Often » >ou pl«»le. It IB being maintained iMoly to ietr« rou. Whtt uuntlon cm WB-amwef .for jouf .There lt.no Chun* it all eicovt 3 cent* In coin or itampi for return poiUuo. Do not uie tio«tc«rcl». Adttrem your letter to Tho nikcrifleld Cillfornlan Tn- rnrmntlon Bureiu, Jfrederlc I. Huliln, Director, Washington, D. C. Q. In contract bridge, doea the bonus for the rubber go to the side that wins the two games, or the side that wins the rubber on account of laving higher score through penalties?—M. C. . A. The bonus for the rubber Is put In the honor column of the side that wins two games. Tho scores aro then, added, and the side that has the net score (the difference between their total points) Is considered the winner of the rubber. Q. How does one get a radio license?—L. P. D. A. The Federal nadlo Commission says, In accordance with an act of Congress, one applying for a radio license must first apply for a construction permit. After he has been permitted to build and his station Is completed, he may apply for a broadcasting license. To be eligible to this license ho must fill out an application blank for a certain frequency upon which to operate and give particulars relating to the station. If this Is agreeable to the commission, he may bo given a license. BEGIN HERE TODAY Sheila Shayne, II, whin aarenti wan wall- kiiattn vaudovllli aetari, li lii' Naw .Vark latk. 1*1 far wwk. Slialla li * dantar. tha h«« «M»t almeit her entire Ufa an the Matt, tint tntvallni with her aarariU, Raw that. Mel later In vaudeville and read iHawi, Sheila llvei at Ma Lewell'i theafrleil raamlni haute. Myrt, a vaudeville pirfermar alia aut ef wark, llvtt there, tee. Over the breaMeit table ana merfilnn Sheila eonfldei te Myrt that her treat amblllen It «e marry and have a name Ilk* theie tha hat been In imall tawni In which the hat played. , ' Ma Lewell Inlerrupti them te anniuaie that a teleahana call; hat eama far Sheila. It U an after-far her ta fill In far Daily Olea»en, analher dancer, whe hat tpralnad her ankle. Sheila airatt eaierly and aata eW far Jte Parlt' alflea ta rehearte. At aaeut the' tame time twa wealthy yauni men, Trevar Lane and D l«k ; Stanley,, are <•)•• eutilni plane far tha party Lane la te ilvt that nliht. They decide ta ie t* Parlt' alflea tt hire wine entertainer!. NOW'GO ON WITH THE STORY ARN1NG given by the secretary of the California Farm Bureau Federation at a meeting of Farm Bureau directors held here recently, to the effect that powerful and selfish interests concerned with the buying of farm products are seeking to break down the extension service operated for educa- | tional purposes by the farm organization, lolds deep interest for all agriculturists who have participated in co-operative movements designed lo be helpful in the production and marketing of their crops. According lo this authority, groups of brokers are opposed to any interference with their private "handling" of wheat, cotton and other commodities, and have established propaganda bureaus in Chicago and Washington, D. C., with intent to influence both the farmer and the consumer against the extension service. It need not be pointed out that anything that tends lo interfere with or destroy the efficiency of Ihe co-operative machinery which has been developed by -farmer organization must be detrimental to agriculture as a whole. Methods now employed under the direction of unselfish leadership represenled by Ihe Farm Bureau and the Federation have proved their efficiency and justified Ihe time and cost.necessary to promote them. When propagandists attempt to advantage themselves by destroying this protection for farmers, the latter may be expected to place their strongest support at the command -of Farm Bureau leadership in fighting such movements. Q. Who won the figure skating events for. men and women In the III Olympic Winter.Games at IJake Placid, New York, In February, 1932?—M. D. A. Sonja llenle of Norway won the women's event, and Karl Schafer of Austria won the men's event. Q. How much money has been invested In motor vehicles In the last twelve years In this country?—B. R. A. It Is estimated that Americans have Invested twenty 'billion dollars In motpr vehicles In the last twelve years. ' In addition, about ten billion dollars has been Invested In garages and filling stations. RANDOM NOTES Opinion seems to be growing at Washington, as well as in other important centers that Federal ownership and operation of the nation's railroads is something that government must face in the not far distanl future Those who vision such activity base their conclusions upon probable inability of the transportation systems lo repay the tremendous government loans obtained*through the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, even if business conditions should materially improve within the next few years. Default by the railroads is bluntly predicted by Senator Lewis of Illinois, who is qnoted in a Washington dispatch as saying: "Loans advanced to railroads by the Corporation will nol be paid, and the government, sooner or later, will be compelled, first to supervise, and then to lake over ownership of the railroads." Q. When did.the Fascist!'come Into power?—S. I. A. Fasctstl Is the name given to the members of a movement formed In Italy In 1920 to offset the work of the "reds" and radicals In that coun- ry, who had become powerful during he World War. The Fascist!, headed >y Benlto Mussolini, seized control of ho.Italian government on October 30, :!)22. and affirmed their allegiance to he king. Mussolini's government has practically become that of a. dictator, although he has been supported by the king. The emblem of the Fascist!,originated In the word fasces, which was a bundle ot rods, containing an ax, carried by the llctors before the nagistrates of ancient Rome as a symbol of authority. Q. How many dally newspapers are published in the United States?—!,. M. A. In 1932, there were 2416. . Q. How should a fishbone or meat bone be removed from the mouth?— S. N. A. Remove It by grasping it between the thumb and first finger. Lay the bone on the edge of the plate. Q. When was the recall first practiced in American politics?—Li. J. A. Contrary to general opinion, the recall is not an Innovation of modern politics, but has been known since revolutionary times. Pennsylvania's delegation to the Continental Con- gross who refused to sign the Declaration of Independence were recalled and others sent in their places. Los Angeles was 'the first city to adopt the recall, the amendment to Its charter in 1903 being modeled after the cantonal law of Schaffhausen, Swlt- cerland. Q. When did the manufacture of silverware begin in the United States? —C. H. CHAPTER III, Sheila walked across , Forty-ninth street to Broadway and.ran 1 lightly up, the stairs to Joe Paris' place. There was an-elevator—if one cared to wait for it. Sheila could delay to buy flowers from a street peddler but now a minute was too much to waste on the likes of breath-savers such as elevators. To be sure the Job in prospect wasn't much—filling In for Daisy. But It was a Job nevertheless. Daisy couldn't dance but, being married to Roscoo, leader of his own band and crazy about her, it had been easy for her to win a place In the show. Sheila could fill the part far better than Daisy and knew It. She wondercd-^not un/ kindly—If Daisy's sprain was serious, If it would lay her up for some time. Sheila devoutly hoped that It would. She was a little excited 'about coming to Joe Paris' place. Joe was the "King of Tin Pan Alley." He was the singing waiter from the Bowery, married now to a society girl. Joe Paris' name on a song .was like sterling on silver. His praise meant Instant success! Joe of course had not hired Sheila for the part with Koseoe. Roscoe must have telephoned to Bill Brady and nsited for suggestions. Bill had remembered that Sheila was not working. I%equently Joe loaned his practice rooms to dancers learning a routine—especially when they -plugged his songs. Sheila was sure Joe Paris had never even heard her name. She was right In thinking Bill had suggested her but wrong in thinking Joe Paris did not know her. * He had heard her sing and when the time came that she could be useful he would know where to find her. Until then there was no use getting her hopes up, as a call from Paris himself would have been sure to do. * • • i UpstSIrs in Joe's shop everyone was busy. There was a long counter behind which a girl answered Incessant calls from the telephone and took cure of visitors. Pianos Jangling. Jazz throbbing. Someone crooning. Down tho corridor were little practice rooms, a piano In each. Dance producers shouted to overworked, perspiring performers. Someone was trying out Joe's latest song. Sheila, ever entranced though It was all so familiar, loved the blare of melody, the jangling discordant sounds. She loved the raucous voices, the sight of sleek-hipped, busy dance arrangers moving briskly here and there, tho swarthy pianists, thick cigars hanging from the corners of their mouths, whoso pudgy hands, lingering over tho keys, could squeeze out- un- guessed melody. Sheila had often bee.n at Joe's' to see Blind Tlmmy. Tlmmy worked -there and drew a ..fair salary, though whether from tho kindness of Joe's heart or from actual worth Sheila did not know. She had seen Joe, himself, slim, dapper, Bleok of hair, abstract of.«ix-> iresslon, wandering about the place, ils'hVtt on the back, of his 'Well- groomed head, hands In his pockets. Or walking briskly toward his private office, deep In conversation with an' assistant. She had seen him pausu jy. Blind Tlmmy's piano, pat the bent shoulders, whisper words which seemed to bring happiness to the pa- lent- old' face. Sheila loved to BOO Blind Tlmmy's face glow t»t those scant words of praise. 'Joe was a big shot now but he remembered When iie' had been obscure, struggling. Un- tke v many others who had risen to success he was'constantly on the lookout for talent to match his own. AU the counter the blond, smartly groomed girl looked up from the telephone long enough to inquire of Sholla what business had brought her "hither, to nod absently and shuffle a handful of cards, abstractedly -murmuring 'Shayne" as sho did so. ' A look of understanding spread over her bland countcance as she' held a. card separate from Its ftllows 'and studied It. Sheila wondered what secrets it held. "Brady's waiting for you. Third door to tho le.fi," tho girl assured her amiably. » • * .' Sheila hesitated. "Will—can—Blind Tlmmy play for me?" she asked. She know that it did Tlmmy no harm to be asked for particularly. More than that; Timmy would be helpful at such a time. Brady could scowl and rant but the nodding'Tltnmy's head as he listened for the click of her tiny feet was Sheila's barometer. Tlmmy could detect the slightest off step, could indicate that a step had been well done. "Tlmmy knows me—" she went on timidly. Tile girl nodded. "Brady's asked for him already. They're both in there waiting. Better hustle." Sholla breathed more easily. She had one day, hardly that, In which to memorize the routine. Brady would be sure to make tt more intricate when ho saw her in tho offing. She could dance all around Daisy. In tho practice room she found Tlmmy, his hands wandering over tho keyboard, blind eyes fastened on the celling, ears(cocked for Sheila's footsteps. Brady, a slim-waisted, sophisticated youth, paced the floor Impatiently. She knew Brady—a slave driver but an excellent teacher. He's work you unmercifully, but you'd have n routine when he finished with you. " 'Lo, kid," he vouchsafed In her direction and broke into a fox trot, clumsy for all his sllmness. Running his eye over her figure in reluctant approval, lie grunted, "You are taller than Gleason." "Sure. But my feet are just as near the floor." "An" Gleason Is Roscoe's wife. Remember that. Don't try to walk away with the act because you can't do it." "I'm only planning to fill in, Bill. Daisy'll be laid up several weeks, won't she?" "Can't tell. Sometimes those sprained nnkleH—" Blind Tlmmy turned from the piano sharply. "Shayne here Is a real dancer. She'll show up> Gleason." Once more Brady grunted. "Well, we aren't running any marathons. All we have to do Is teach her the routine. No matter how bad she Is—or how good—when Gleason Is able to dnn?e again Shayne is through." It's a Job, Bill. That's something." Bill sighed as though he . himself were jobless. 'You said It, kid. These days. Listen, this Is your first step, the kick off. One two, one two, three and four!" He ceased abruptly. "When'd you dance last?" "Five weeks ago," Sheila answered ruefully. "I'm duo lo >e lame, BUI, I know that." , •".'.• Sheila stood on the floor Waiting, It was fine to bo back at work again, even though her dream had been Big Time or a specialty in a musical show. Hero she was, delighted to be filling in for Daisy QleuHon • whose only claim to the "profession" ''.was that, she had married Ilosooe. 'There was a happy ootiplo for you In the stage world! Hoscoe and Daisy. One said Roscoe and Daisy as If the names, had grown together, were syllables of the same name.. Never a quarrel,, never a cross 7 word'between them as far as anyone knew—which was pretty far In the'show business! Sheila had tossed off her coat, and stood in the little* suit skirt arid frilly white blouse, hardly a practice costume but donned to impress tho managers who would not have lifted an eyebrow had she arrived In plaid pajamas, so hardened were they to unusual costumes and feminine charms. "Llste'n," Bill stopped scowling long enough i to say. Hop out to the desk and ask Mabel to give you a suit of rompers. I've got some lively kicks coming and there's no use ruining a decent skirt." Mabel was none too cordial. She was being interrupted for the third time that morning in a confidential telephone chat with her young mun. She hud ridden to work with him that morning on tho Bronx subway and would see him at lunch, but love Is love! "Oh, honey," Sholla walled, handing back a size 40 suit of practice clothes. "I can't wear that! Give me a break, wJH you? AVhat on earth do you think I've reduced 10 pounds for?" "I'll ask the Prince of "Wales," replied Mabed haughtily but presently she fung a suit of blue, just Sheila's size, at her from the collection In the lower desk drawer. , ° Dressed for work, Sheila watched Bill move through graceless gyrations with elephantine skill. She did not dream of smiling, oven Inwardly These steps, shorn of Bill's quaint earnest Interpretations, were suave fascinating. His routines were known —and copied—up and down Broad"You take a couple slides here see?" said Bill between scowls. Unexpectedly ho stopped, one foot suspended in midair. "Now you try, sister," Bill Brady ordered. (Continued Tomorrow) TEN YEARS AQO , (Tin CullfornUn, tlili clalc,-19M) , A contract for the constructlbn of .he new Masonic temple there will be signed In a few days and work begun,- While the faqilly.of A. G. Fugard, !021 O street, was at dinner, a thlof ooted tho home last night,' The Irish .regimental band of-To* 'onto-gave a fine Concert here ItrSt night 'under the direction of Lieutenant J. A, Wiggins; ' < Rain la saturating the hills and Fields' of the county today. Led by Charles Smith, undershof- Iff, a raiding party confiscated six barrels of-liquor at a ranch house in the Panama district.' W. .B. Morgan and R.' B, ; ,pady .ar« planning on opening a branch real «•• tato office In. Los Angeles. > . TWENTY YEARS AGO (Tho Cillfornlin, thl« ilili, 1013) Tho San Joaquln Light and Power Company's magazine, will contain an • article ubouf the work being done Ht tho high school's experimental farm. F. G. Fulton, supervisor of stations for the S. P., has returned here after a business trip. The good roads essay contest sponsored by The Bakorsfleld Callfornlan has evoked. Interest all over the state. '• '• • H. A. 'Jastro and Henry Kllpsteln will leave for Phoenix to attend the American National Livestock Association meeting. Miss ISllen Oyster was hostess to the Kern Club at her 'homo on Nlles street. Miss Ellen Kelly will start teaching, at Kern on Monday. THIRTY YEARS AGO (The Cillfornlui, Dili dale. 1003) The Woman's Club gave, a reception for tho Mandolin Club at Library' hall. The Bakersfleld Club Is expected to give one of the finest dances of the year . here on the twentieth of this month. There are ndw more than 6000 books and pamphlets in the library according to the annual report. Surveying Is being done now for street Improvements. The city Is preparing to build a flrehouso on the south side of the railroad. The firemen are planning a ball here. HIS SWAN SONG T HE views of David Lloyd George on world problems, us recently expressed in an interview with the United Press, call for generous measure of sympathy for one who, on the eve of his seventieth birthday anniversary, plans absolute retirement from Hit* field of political achievement in which his leadership for a long period of years was marked by extraordinary brilliancy and ability. It will be widely regretted that Lloyd George's swan song is strongly tinged with bitterness, with the flavor of a cup that has been tasted by other statesmen as they passed from power and prestige into the obscurity of private citizens and detached observers. That the once-fiery Welshman who guided the British ship of state during the war is now completely out of sympathy with present governmental policies nnd authority is clear. Nor do we have to guess that lie is tired, discouraged and in sore need Dr. Max Winkler, noted eastern econ- discloses that prominent legislators privately express their belief that government operation of the railroads is only a matter of lime, one of them placing a limit of six months as the period in which it will be demonstrated that no other practical solution of this difficult problem remains. Nor does that, in his opinion, carry any promise of real benefit to the public. Naturally such views are not concurred in by railroad authorities. They express confidence thai they will be able to weather the economic and financial storm. Moreover they point out that if they are given an op porlunity to earn a fair return, and competitive conditions in the transportation field are equalized, their problems will be greatlj simplified. One outstanding objection to government ownership suggested by the rail roads is the probable induction of all prcsen railroad employes into the Federal service Ihus creating a powerful political maclu'ne By DR. FRANK McCOY Omitloni written by reader* ef The Cullfernlan, iddreiied to Dr. Frank McCey. 681 Seuth Ardmere menue, Lei Angel.i, will ke tntwered. Incloie * lelf-iddreued itamted enveleve. SOME OF THE MANY KINDS OF SORE THROATS re apt to be marked, Including fever, leadache, weak n C.MS; some coughing T REASURE House of the Living Religions," compiled by Robert Ernest Hume of the Union Theological Seminary, Is u deeply Interesting collection Of quotations from the sacred books of the world—a sort of passlng-ln-revlew of the faiths by which men all over the earth have ordered their .lives and shaped their hopes of the future. Grouped together according to subject matter aro quotations from the scriptures of Christianity, Buddhism, Islam, Taoism,* Judaism, Confucianism, and other great religions. Thumbing through the book, you can note, for example, the authorized Christian view on the Immortality of the soul, or nonreslstance, or man's duty to his neighbors, and compare It with the views of the Buddhist, the Hindu anfl the Moslem. And as you study the book you will be struck by the way in which all of these religions, In the end, seem, to say much the same thing. Not, of course, that they are Identical in spirit or In emphasis—far from it. But there Is a kinship, somehow, running through them all. "Treasure House of the Living Religions" Is, In short, an Illuminating book. It provides an excellent way of getting a glimpse at the creeds-of races und nations which we ordinarily look down upon as heathens. Published by Scrlbner's. Difficulties in learning to read are four times as common In boys aa among girls, says a neurologist. Which may account for dad's consistent failure to read what's on mother's mind. A. Silverware manufacture in the United States dates from 1842. „. Q. Is the service of the White 'Touse paid for by the president, or "iy the government?—L. F. R. A. Cooks, chambermaids, laundry women, butlers, and pantrymen, about 20 In all, are provided by the government. Such personal sen-ants an the President and his wife may choose to accompany them to the White House, are paid for by the executive. Q. Is a patent assignable?—P. O. A. If a part or whole Interest In a patent is transferred for a valuable consideration, the Instrument by which this Is done is called an assignment. Q. Please explain why $100 in gold s not worth $119 in Canadian currency.—W. E. S. A. The federal reserve board says: "American gold coin is less valuable than American paper money In Can- ndn, because tho gold cannot be shipped out of the country, while in Canada It has by law the same value as Canadian money. Paper money, on tho other hand, can be shipped to the United States where It commands u. premium over Canadian money." Q. How does one secure a teaching position In the United States detached territories—F. F. A. Application for teaching positions in tho United States detached territories should bo made lo the following offices: Alaska, department of Interior, Washington, D. C.; Hawaii, superintendent of public instruction, Honolulu, Hawaii; Panama canal zone, Panama Canal, Washington, D. C.; Philippine service, civil service commission, P at Seventh street, N. W., Washington, D. C.; Porto Rico, chief of the bureau of Insular affairs, Washington, D. C.; Virgin Islands, governor of the Virgin Islands, St. Thomas, Virgin Islands. Q. Who Invented the loe crenm freezer?—D. L, A. It is generally believed that the first loe cream freezer was patented by Nancy M. Johnson In 184S. However, there Is a memorandum In Washington's Cash Book to the effect that he purchased un ice cream machine May 17, 1784. T HE term "sore throat" may cover a multitude of ills, depending upon which part of the throat is affected. Should the tonsils be acutely inflamed, it Is called tonsillitis; while, if tho back of the throat behind tho soft palate is inflamed, this denotes pharyngitis; when most people complain of sore throats, they mean this type. When the voice box, or larynx, which is marked in front of the neck by the Adam's apple, Is the part inflamed, it is called laryngitis. If an acute suppurative process forms on a tonsil, this Is termed quinsy. Sometimes a case which seems to be simple tonsillitis Is in reality diphtheria, u much more serious disease, for which a physician should always be called. In today's article I am going to discuss some of the various types of common throat troubles: Pharyngitis or Sore Throat In an acute attack of pharyngitis, which Is usually over within four days, tho back part of tho throat uchi-H, smarts, and feels hot or dry as though one had Just eaten horseradish, while u tickling Is felt as though one had swallowed a feather. Although swallowing solid food hurts, there Is.a continual desire to cither drink water or swallow, as the throat feels. raw. Often tho patient clears the throat by raising inucua every minute 6r two, tho hearing may bo a llttlo dull and the neck glands are sometimes swollen' and tender. As long as the tonsils are • not affected, there Is not much fever. One who has n tendency to attackH of. thin nature may have ono soro throat after another all through tho winter Mention. Laryngitis or Hoarseness When the inflammation extends u little farther down the breathing tube, it reaches the voice box and, as a result, the sounds uttered by the vocal cords are altered. The voice becomes hoarse and speaking difficult, and it may even be lost for a few hours or days. Since this trouble often affecta those using the voice loudly, such as public speakers, ministers, etc., it has been termed "preacher's sore throat." t am sure however, that speaking Is not the cause as I have gone on extenslvp lecture tours for several weeks at i time through many parts of the country and. have never noticed a sore throat from this cause, which proves Q. AVhat can be used to glue two pieces of cellophane together?—R. G. A. Any commercial glue IB usually satisfactory. There Is ulso a waterproof cellophane which can be cemented by wetting tho surface with acetone und pressing together. that public speaking IB not the only cause of hoarseness. Moat cases are very mild and last for a short time only, although, they may bo made more painful by breathing -In cold 01 dusty air. Swollen or Inflamed Tonsils In un acute at tacit tho tonsils arc swollen and red and swallowing I | painful. Tho constitutional tiyinptom, may be present. If an abscess forms n the tonsils,, as In quinsy, they may >ecomo large and very hard. As u •ulo, quinsy Is weakening to the pa- lent who is restless and may moan >r (alk in his sleep. A fever of from .04 to 105 degrees Fahrenheit may be >resent, also distress upon swallowing opening the mouth. Within a few days the hard swelling should turn soft and come to a. point. 'Once It Breaks and the pus drains out, the patient feels a great deal of Immediate relief. The best plan In these :asos Is to have a doctor lance the abscess to prevent the pus from be- "ng swallowed. In tomorrow's article: Some Treatments for Sore Throats.. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Chayotes . QUKSTION: Mrs. Fanny II. writes: .'In your menus I notice tho mention of 'etmyote.' What kind of an animal s this? T have usked u number of people but no one seems to know." ANSWER; Tho chuyoto Is the fruit of a climbing vine of th.e cucumber 'amily. It Is grown In Mexico und In HOIIIO of the warmer purU of the United States. The fruit Is a palo green with u single large seed in tho center, which need not be removed for cooking. It resembles tho squash In flavor. Sarcoma Tumors QUESTION: A. K. writes: "I have friend who has a great deal of pain in her wide and buck and can feel that HOinethlng IK growing. After an examination the doctor finds It to be a tmrconm tumor. Suys there Is no hope for operation und that she will live longer by letting nuture tuke Its course. 1 will be very thankful to have your advice." ANSWEH: Sarcoma Is u very serious tumor and it in very difficult to advise you about this without having the patient under my own care. If the doctor stated there was no hope through an operation, about the best thing I could suggest would be to place the patient on a milk diet. This should give the patient some relief even if n cure dues not take place. Green or Overripe Fruit QUESTION: Plorlne P. writes: ."I would like to ask which is the more harmful to eat, fruit partly green or overripe?" ANSWER: Fruit should not be eaten In either condition. Green fruit may sometimes be cooked und made edible, but overripe fruit should always bo discarded. ,. Oueillem written by reidert of The Oilllor- nlui.-iddretMd te Or. Frink'McCey, Builders Etehinie Bulldlni, Lw Amelfi. will b* tn< ewered. Ineleie iel|.|ddre»ed ttemped tnvilepe. Wouldn't -It be refreshing -to read sometime that the old theatrical tradition had been broken by some touching Incident and that "the show did not go on?" Hardened to Chicago's rigorous climate, Samuel Insull professes a sudden delight In the mild winters of Greece, and Robert Elliott Burns, tho "chain gang fugitive," disavows Georgia's temperate clime In favor of a habitat In wintry New Jersey. So It goes. Well, U appears that the folks who were afraid President-elect Roosevelt woulb do something radical wero right. He says he'll keep every campaign pledge. Most comedians, says a producer, have a conviction they can play tragic roles. And so,, alas, do a lot of misguided tragedians.. LORD MAYOR'S SHOW 1 only commenced to work when I was 50.—Former Governor Alfred E. Smith of Now York on his fifty-ninth birthday. Wo might as well admit that we are a nation of hard liquor drinkers. I don't know who is going to drink ail the beer and wine" that they plan to legalize.—Police Commissioner Edward P. JIulrooney of New York. Nations and Individuals are not comfortably lifted out of bad times. They must dig theinHejves out.—Hurry F. Sinclair, chairman ot the executive committee, Consolidated Oil Corporation. Wo have just begun.to fight and are taking the offensive for the first time in 15 years to give real battle to the wets.—O.'G. Crlstgau, usslstant general superintendent, of Anti-Saloon League. If n town has an epidemic, that's the worst possible, time to close up the hospitals. Any community that falls In this depression to keep open Its libraries is making a grave mistake.—Harry M. Lydcnberg, president of the American Library Association. Anyone, who in November cries with poetic zeal, "Oh, to be ' in London now!" Is probably thinking of the Lord Mayor's Show which occurs on November 9, as It has for many centuries, for the .first mayor was appointed In 1189. It is u pageant or medieval procession of the Trado Guilds, Alderman, with the (fjord Mayor In u gilded heavy coach, which Is watched from the sldewulks annually by thousands of Londoners .as well as visitors. The procession marks the assumption of office by; the new Lord Mayor and ends at the old Guild Hall when a huge feast is prepared for the city fathers and citizen notables. A v London boy who has not "seen the Lord Mayor's Show probably does not exist. WELL CONTROLLED Lawyer—Was your car under complete control at the time? Defendant—Yea, my wife, was sitting In the rear seat.—The Wheel. A THOUGHT And .forgive thy people that have sinned agalntt thee, and ill their transgressions wherein they fiave transgressed against thee, and give them compassion before them who carried them captive, that they may have compassion on them.—I Kings 8:50. ''***( He who in false to his fellowmon' Is also false to his Maker.—Stun!. ' TABLET HONORS HAWTHORNE On the house in Rook Park, Rock- ferry, Blrkenheud, England, where Nathaniel Hawthorne, the New England writer, lived when he was Amerl- cuii consul In Liverpool, has boon placed a tablet In hlu memory. The Inscription reads: "Nathaniel Hawthorne, novelist, resided hare from 1854 to 1858." TEACHERS NEED THIS SOVIET UNION MAP. « This map Is of especial value to teachers and students, but anyone who Is curious about or Interested In the domain of the Soviets should secure a copy. It is geographically as .accurate and UH up-to-date as expert cartographers can make It and shows all the vast territory that wus once Russia and Siberia, us well As part of all bordering territory. It carries ' an explanation of the Soviet system of government und population and commercial statistics that was suppllud by the Amtorg Corporation, which represents the Soviet Union in tliu United .States. A copy of the map will be sent to any address for 10 cents In coin. Fill out and mail this coupon today. The Bakersfleld Callfornlan Information Bureau, .« Frederic J.'Haskln, Director, Washington, D. C. ^ I enclose herewith 10 cents* in, coin (carefully wrapped) for a copy of the "Map of the Soviet Union." 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