FOUR IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, JUNE 4,1965. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE "The Doily Glob* it an Indtptndtnt newspaper, »upporting what it believes to be right and oppo»ing what it believet to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartially." -Linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publishe. 1927-1964. Mrs. Linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher The Americanization of Erhard "T am an American discovery," Ludwig Erhard used to say before lie became West Germany's Chancellor. In a sense. Erhard has be- cf.-ine more American since his accession to high office. Back in occupation days the United States hired Erhard from the School of Economics of Munich University to head a "Special Group on Money and Credit." The Special Group's task was to prepare a currency reform plan for war-battered Germany. Within a few hours after his reforms in June 1948, Erhard decided that in addition rationing should be wiped out. The story is told that when Gen. Lucius D. Clay, the U.S. Military Governor, transmitted the warning of his advisers that "this will bankrupt Germany," Erhard answered: "General, my advisers tell me the same thing." Erhard has demonstrated an increasing independence of mind since, taking over as Chancellor in October 1963. He has paid more than lip service to the Franco-German friendship treaty, but he has by no means felt obliged to follow docilely the French lead. The DeGiuille mortgage on West German foreign policy that Erhard inherited from Konrad Adenauer has virtually been lifted. A recent series of rebuffs by DcGanlle, notably his refusal to go along with a British- American statement calling for German reunification, certainly has made Erhard more receptive than ever to American—and British- counsel. Erhard on May 9 told the 12th annual meeting of the Action Committee for a United States of Europe: "All of us know only too well that Europe cannot be German, French or Russian, but must think in terms of cooperation and equality." (Former Chancellor Adenauer, leader of the "Gaullist bloc" in the ruling Christian Democratic Party, himself has had second thoughts about De Galle's failure fully to support plans for unifying Europe, as indicated by an unpublished letter addressed to De Gaulle in early April.) On the even of his departure for New York, Erhard reaffirmed his faith in the cohesiveness of the Atlantic Alliance/'Umvavering allegiance -to this system of supranational, integrated defense is not a matter for negotiation for us at any level," he said, in a clear if unidentified response to recent Gaullist projections. Erhard has indicated that he wants to tighten German relations with the United States and Britain without forcing France into a NATO showdown in the near future. The American- German concept of a NATO multilateral nuclear force has been shelved, as London's Financial Times suggests, until "after the German elections" of Sept. 19. For all the American insistence that Erhard's current visit is private—to receive an honorary degree from Columbia University—the working lunch with President Johnson and the talks with Secretary of State Rusk on Friday are clearly preparatory to Erhard's meeting with De Gaulle in Bonn just two weeks later, And of course the journey is not without internal German political implications. With his stand for re-election only slightly more than three months away, America presents for Erhard an ideal screen against which to project a forceful and attractive image of home viewing. Exciting Motion but Little Impact Now the phrase is "thunder on the left." Only a few months ago, during the presidential election campaign and for some time before that, it was action on the right of the political spectrum that engaged the nation's attention. The new vitality of a host of splinter organizations, formed by ideological refugees from the 20th century and loosely united under the broad label of conservatism, constituted the wave of the future, it was said. But the wave was distinguished more by the froth generated at its edges than by any deep-reaching ground swell of public sympathy lor its driving philosophy. It receded quickly after the election, dragging down in its undertow scores of politicians who had either sought to ride the crest of the wave or were simply unable to avoid its onrush. Now. pcrshaps as an inevitable reaction, a new wave from the left is flowing in. Like the one from the right, it has its share of clashing, splashing elements eagerly rushing toward, not the 19th, but the 21st century. Instead of "old ladies in tennis shoes," it is in the main composed of idealistic, impatient, activistic youths with newfound causes — civil rights, academic freedom—and simple answers to complex issues—U.S. involvement in Viet Nam, disarmament. Where the right suffered the embarrassment of being identified in the public mind with •.he John Birch Society or the Minute Men, the left has its "filthy speech movement," W. E. B. DuBois clubs and White House sit-ins. What flotsam of personalities and causes will be left strewn across the beaches when this wave recedes is too early to tell. The left has as yet found no central, attractive spokesman nor capture the banner of a major party. But recede it will, for these waves of extremes roil only the surface of American life, They are not tides. Black shirts for men are coming back. Now the gals on the detergent commercials will brag that their wash comes out blacker than their neighbor's Television is primarily an advertising medium, says a noted producer. Has anyone aues- tioned it? Laughter is the original miracle drug for curing ill humor. Many a cool cat gets burned. What Role for Republicans? (Copyright IMS, King feature! Syndicate. Inc.* By lohn Chamberlain Do the Republicans have a party? They talk about unity, but nonetheless they seem to be riding off in all directions. Their main trouble in many areas is that the Democrats have completely stolen their thunder. When Ray Bliss, the chairman of the Re- ublican National Committee, set up a task force to determine the parry's stance on the conduct of foreign relations, he spangled it with the names of prominent figures who more or less agree with the Johnson policies. The committee, headed by Robert C. Hill, former U.S. ambassador to Costa Rica and Mexico, included Professor David Rowe of Yale as vice chairman, Admiral Arleigh A. Burke, General Lucius Clay, John Davis Lodge (Henry Cabot's brother), and Allen Dulles, former head of the CIA. Naturally, this group of strong-minded individuals might disagree with President Johnson's policy in detail. But their overall position has always been the one that Johnson has chosen to follow in Viet Nam and the Caribbean. So how are you going to make-any great appeal to Republicans to knock the stuffings out of Democrats because of their conduct of foreign affairs? Ironically, the opposition to Johnson on foreign policy is forming inside the Democratic party, with Senator Wayne **orse, Ernest Gruening, Frank Church, and Bobby Kennedy all indicating various degrees of dissatisfaction. Domestically, the Republicans do not seem to be able to arrive at any uniform interpretation of the meaning of the 1964 election. The congressional Republicans have capped Lyndon by adding their own gimmicks to medi- care; they have had to go along with the administration on excise tax cuts; and only the new Southern Republicans have offered oppo- lirieo to the Democrats in civil rights legislation, In the separate states the Republicans are being driven to extremes on the liberal-conservative scale simply because the Johnson Democrats have taken a center position. The Republican state chairman of Connecticut, A. EeanexPinney, who regarded the Goldwater campaign much as the Abbe* Sieves regarded the French Revolution, as something to live through, is currently engaged in a campaign to nut his party to the left of Governor Dempsey*s Democratic party. In the state capital o\ Hartford, the Republicans are offering more liberal spending programs than the Democrats. And, to finance them, they have withdrawn their ancient opposition to higher taxes. Meanwhile, Governor Dempsey is emerging as the enemy of new taxes. The coloration that Pinney hopes to give to Connecticut Republican party inevitably makes the two Connecticut Democratic senators. Dodd and Ribicoff, seem very "middle of the road." The Connecticut representation in the House of Representatives is also a "center" group by Pinney standards. And, since the Pinney dominated State Central Committee has just finished repudiating the relatively conservative Citizens Committee for the Republican party, which carried the ball so valiantly for Goldwater, the chances are that a Pinney congressional slate for 1966 will hardly seem like an opposition to what Connecticut voters already have. In New York City, Congressman John Lindsay, who sits with the Republicans in Washington, is anxious to seem more "independent" than Republican in his attempt to unseat the Democrats in the current mayoralty campaign, Nevertheless, Republican National Chairman Ray Bliss has accepted the Lindsay New Yorl City adventure as evidence of a Republican re surgence. In California, the chances of conservativ< Ronald Reagan for gaining the Republicar nomination for governor are said to be looking up. If the Eastern and Western Republicans, following the contrasting stars of John Lindsay and Ronald Reagan, continue to pull apart, just what will the part)' conie to sifnifv na rionally? It could betoken the end of Republicanism. It could also be that we are approaching u period in which the significant battles will bi j fought out, not in November between two parties, but in the Democratic party primaries, as between Kennedyites on the "left" and Johnson-Humphrey men on the "right." A stnnge prospect indeed, especially when you consider that Hubert Humphrey, just yesterday, • was the darling of Americans For Demoeratic Action, ED VALTMAN—THE HARTFORD TIMES Today in National Affairs , By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON — For several months the impression has been conveyed to the people of the United States that somehow or other the satellite states i n Eastern Europe now are being given more and more freedom and are being subjected less and less to Communist dictatorship. But the facts which came out in the open this week show how mistaken such an impression really is. What are those facts? 1. While about 18.5 million people voted in the na t i o na 1 elections in Poland for parliamentary and local Government candidates, there was no o p position party. The Communists dominated the s i n g' e p a r ty whose candidates were on t h e ballot. 2. Although the voting was said to be not compulsory, it was considered unwise to a b stain. More than 90 per cent of the electorate turned out to vote. This is evidence of h o w well disciplined is the Communist organization. 3. Each of the 616 candidates for the 460 national parliament seats was pledged to support the communist-drafted platform. & •& d A dispatch from Warsaw, describing the elections, said that-some curtained booths were provided for those voters who wished to strike out certain names where there was more than one candidate for the same post, but that few voters went into the booths. The dispatch added: "Most voters considered the results were preordained and that making a public show of secret balloting would be a futile and perhaps ill-advised gesture." The Communists have m a i n- tained complete power over the conduct of the five postwar elections which have been held in 1947, 1952, 1957, 1961 and 1965. Thus, in a period of 18 years, there have been only five o p - portunities for the people to go through the form of voting. But, in each case, the C o m - munist leaders have taken charge and no opportunity was given to cast votes for an opposition party. By maintaining such complete control over the elections and by selecting candidates who are thoroughly indoctrinated with Communist ideology, the Soviets have no need today to station their troops in Poland or in any of the other satellites. Such is the recognition of Communist power and the effect of an involuntary acquiescence to it. The Moscow government controls what is going on just as effectively as if if South Vietnam were taken over by the North Vietnamese government, which today is Communist-controlled, it would mean the end of the present government at Saigon. Yet there are many so-called "liberals" in America who are willing to accuse their own government of imperialism, n o t- withstanding the fact that the objective of the United States is plainly designed to emancipate the peoples of the smaller nations who currently may be under Communist rule or who are being threatened with conquest through the intrigue o f the Soviet regime. The way by which the Moscow Government administers a country as big as Poland is clear proof of why it is so often said that it isn't necessary for the Soviets to land troops in any Latin American country. For once the election machinery comes under the control of the communist party system by in- filtration within a country, there is no need for military action. A * * It is this kind of strategy which deceives many gullib 1 e observers who seem to think that Communist infiltration i s insignificant because the actual band of Communists' may be small in size. They little realize that it doesn't take a large number of persons to form a ruling group and that, once a political party is established under Communist auspices, the discip'ine soon covers every worker in the factory and every peasant on the farm. Thus, the Communist organization in Poland t o day is known as "The United Workers Party" which in turn dominates "The United Peasant Party" and "The Democratic Party," and in nearly all instances they have the same slate of candidates. The so-called elections in Poland this week are a tragic reminder of the failure of the United Nations to take effective The National Whirligig (1UIMM4 »p HeCltir. Newspaper •yndlcatet By ANDREW TULLY WASHINGTON — At a Georgetown dinner party a few months back, a New York Congressman named Jo h n Lindsay corned me to register a complaint. He argued that the time had come to stop referring to him in print as a "silk- stocking" statesmen, pointing out that just folks now far outnumbered the Sutton Place and penthouse-type voters in his district. Lindsay was right, of course. It was the voters of the u n fashionable precincts in the upper East Side that gave him a whopping majority last November while Presildent J o h n- son and Bobby Kennedy were carrying the state In a landslide. Nevertheless, the image of the handsome aristocrat as a representative of his class remains Lindsay's prime problem in his campaign to unseat Bob Wagner as Mayor of New York City. * * * NEW YORK IS MANY DISTRICTS — This well-bred Ivy Leaguer with the look of a man who spends his spare time sailing and killing a tennis ball is just not the New York political type, despite his parochial successes. The city is more than Lindsay's tight little district; it is also Staten Island and Brooklyn, the tough and cynical West Side of Manhattan, hundreds of Thousands of Puerto Ricans and a mixed white Negro bloc whose politics are those of the radical left. Bob Wagner may or may not be a good -major, but he is the city's kind of politician — eye pouches and all. Despite h i s adventures with reform withi n the Democratic party, Wagner remains a machine statesra a n. His reforms were politically understandable; ,they;* were made to preserve and. bblste r Wagner's own power, not to house-clean the city. The, man at a bench in a cloak-and-suit fa c t o r y can identify tiM m self with Bob Wagner. He does not t h i n k of Wagner a» a Ya\e man, which he is, but as one of the boys, which he is. ' LINDSAY HAS CHARM — A great deal has been written about Lindsay's charm even by that Cassandra of the f e m a le political columnists, Doris Fleeson, who usually approaches a politician with knife unsheathed. To be sure, his charm is considerable; chatting with John Lindsay, the reporter is struck by his innate decency and his strong heart, his intimate, slangy acquaintance with polities' facts of life. Lindsay is a nice guy who has always been able to afford honesty. But charm can be a sometime asset in New York City. Bred in a political jungle, the N e w York voter is apt to be s u s- picious of the quality — as some kind of new gimmick designed to sell him the latest gold brick He may admit that Lindsay is a n i c e guy, but' he is tempted to wonder whether he is too nice to be true. In New York,City, there is almost always a catch when a man peddling politics turns on the gentility bit. The city has had little experience with candidates offering undiluted altruism. •h •& * A REPUBLICAN JACK KENNEDY — They are saying now that John Lindsay is the Jack Kennedy of the Republican party, which would be a good thing for New York City and, later, for the country. But i n New York, Kennedy had something going for him which Lindsay lacks — he was a Democrat. Lindsay is now busy mapr ping a campaign to conceal his Republicanism, but it can b e only a partial success because Bob Wagner lurks in the wings. Wagner can be counted on to remind the voters every hour on the hour that Lindsay .is a Republican, a form of life repugnant to most New York City voters. And to many among the electorate, that will be the gimmick in Lindsay's charm. They will wonder whether even a nice Republican is their political dish. Wagner's three terms in City Hall is overwhelming evidence that the sidewalks of New York prefer to keep their matinee idols in some matinee. Business Mirror By SAM DAWSON AP Business News Analyst NEW YORK (AP)—Business much to repair work at" overstrained mills as to any easing of demand. health continues apparently un-| Most mills report orders on shaken by disputes over mone- the books will keep them going tary policies or government near top speed through June _ „ „ „, _ ___ guidelines for the behavior of and July. Any inclination of steps to remove the aggressors I industry and labor unions. steel users to live off built-up from the territory of peoples j Jud S ed bv tne latest flow of inventories may have been post- who once enjoyed self-determination and freedom. The Washington Scene ing out for this country. He has By BRUCE BIOSSAT WASHINGTON (NBA) - Sen. Edward M. (Ted) Kennedy of academy aimed at upgrading Massachusetts is going to get'the sagging practice of crim- future presidential consideration whether he tries to plan| Through these various en- for it or not. The fabled Kennedy mystique, another proposal for a federal! s , et in production, and a steady statistics, business confidence poned till after the strike dead- seems little affected even by line of Sept. 1, or until a wage nervous twitches in the stock pact settlement is reached, market over international trou-| Auto produc tion has set a ble spots or comparisons of to- mon t nly rec ord for six straight day's prosperity with the 1929 mon th s . The spurt of sales and boom and bust. : output in tne ope ning months of Key industries report sales the year at tne time nad bene still strong, some records being thought due largely to shortages , flow of new orders that promise caused by last fall's strikes. But figures for May show that Americans are still buying cars' busy months ahead. Autos and steel, the two a ^ B - . . . set tlne a record ments where an early summer " rat ^f 1^' g letdown has been most feared, selectivity." Kennedy born with the success of the late'is not interested simply in toss- John F. Kennedy, is no longer ing armloads of irons into the sufficient explanation why this fire at random. deavors runs the principle of h entered June at record or' Assemblies in May rose to '""•"X" 1 ""- " " —'" Sr%ecordf speed. ° r | 837,168 cars, or 15 per cent high- Steel output has climbed for er than the previous record for two straight weeks. The latest Ma y- set Iast year - Tne flr st five is so. The fact is that, at 33, Teddy is already beginning to make it partly on his own. He is developing a strong affinity for good causes. His now celebrated "victory in defeat" on the poll tax ban he tried to insert in the voting rights bill was just a start. He may turn out to be the In fact waste motion and false steps of any kind are not on the young man's • agenda. weekly tonnage is 2,727,000, just months of 1965 saw 4,259,628, 79,000 tons below the record cars Produced, compared with poured in the week ended April i 3,654,697 in the like period of 24. The drop from that record in j 1964 He has made better use of his : the first three weeks O f May I Auto industry confidence rides 1-3 years in the Senate than. _ nnears to have been due as !high. June assemblies are ex- some men do of a decade there. He's a learner, a plugging worker, a deferential junior to his seniors, and an incredibly willing helper. I appears to have been due as manager of the President's ma- j Senate majority leader Mike jor immigration proposals whose Mansfield told a fellow Demo- liberalizing features affecting j crat: many national minorities could "That young fellow never Day in History By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS have broad voter impact. shirks an assignment. He's done 155th day of 1965. There are 210 The young senator has a plan everything I ever asked him to days left in the year. for a "national teacher corps"!do." Today's highlight in history: pected to rise to 902,000 cars, or 16 per cent more than a year earlier. This would make the second quarter output of around 2,600,000 cars higher even than the first quarter which many had forecast would be the high for 1965 model production. The fast pace continues' in many other industries. New orders for all U.S. factories rose to a record in April of which may give him important I Im 1964, before the plane crash On tnis date in 1944 tne first $41.2 billion, up a half-billion representation in the education | that nearly cost him his life and units of tne u s 5tn and British from the previous record set" in field. It would channel expert leaves him somewhat hobbled 8th arm i es entered Rome Most March. I teachers into areas with high 1 with back and leg handicaps, of tne troops were neld on the Business puts special ernpna- concentrations of poor young- , Teddy campaigned for several outskirts until the next day. ' sis on new orders because ' they sters who need extra-ordinary j of his Senate colleagues as if [indicate activity in the we'eks hel P- they n ' Kennedy will offer this as an They they were a11 named Kennedy. tfl :? ' ae>tmrurion a« the and months ahead, as They never forgot it. tabll edetectiocution as the . amendment to a pending higher He is ready to do it again next : aeain Jr™r" y' education bill. which from tion show how business is „ ^ year, though he still tires more 1 In 1896, Henry Ford made the doi now or has bee idn in i easil than he used to and ma.«rst successful trial run in his . , Teddy is dipping into the prob-i easily than he used to and may.«rst successful trial run in lems of the aging and before ; never be able to throw away his au *°™°™ le too many months may push a 'cane and back brace. past weeks Order backlogs on factorv *, ^ , orv In 1929, Ramsay MacDonald books nav e been pushed close ?to ™™ . subcommittee inquiry into the) Kennedy knows he must take succeeded Stanley Baldwin as $59 bim b Question of how well the admis- 1 a vigorous thoueh not too heavv P nme minister of Britain. i nrri « PO * question of how well the admis- ! a vigorous though not too heavy . sion of some two million foreign hand in governorship and U. S. In I 940 - Winston Churchill an- j it had military rule in each of i refugees and escapees is work-1 Senate races in Massachusetts nounced the heroic conclusion of ' - - -' ' next year. Failure to exert lead- evacua tion of Dunkerque. ership would be a negative score. In I 943 - President Franklin D. orders. in new » ew the satellite countries. Indeed civilian Communists are a s thoroughly trained in how t o maintain discipline as any army could be. ft is -Or What occurred. In Poland this week is a sample not only of what happens in the other Communist-bloc countries in Eastern Europe but of what is planned for every country in Latin America in which the Communists today are seeking to take over the sovereign governments by an infiltration process. Cuba is a significant example of how the Communists work. They send to a country trained leaders who know how to pick out the officials to supervise the operations of the national a s well as the local governments. If the Dominican Republic fell into the hands of the Communists tomorrow, a similar plan would be used there. Likewise,) Ironwood Daily Globe Published evenings, except Sundays by Globe Publishing Company, 118 E McLeod Ave., Ironwood, Established Nov. 20, 1919, Timely Quotes The Massachusetts jungle has Roosevelt announced that his • thwarted many before him. But relations with Soviet Premier Can you imagine a Republican his political acumen is already Josef Stalin were excellent. winning in New York City? Ironwood Times acquired May 23. 1948.) Second class post a (a paid at Ironwood. Michigan. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Prase Is entitled exclusively to the us* for repubicatlor) of all yjs local news printed In this newspaper, as well as aU AP news dispatches. Member el American Newspaper Publishers Association, Interamerlcan Press Association, Inland Dally Press Association. Bureau of Advertising, Michigan Press Association. Audit Bureau of Circulations. Subscription rates: By mall within a radius of 60 miles—per year, $8) six months, 15; three months, S3; one month, 11.50. No mall subscriptions sold to towns and locations where carrier service Is maintained, year, $18; one payable elsewhere—per considerable and his natural pol- Ten y ears ago—East German —Mayor Wagner, on Rep. John News-Record acquired Apru IB iB2i; itical manner is something most leader Walter Ulbricht reported V. Lindsay's candidacy. politicians only dream about. : tnat a conference at Warsaw, j i guess the government is all Give him two or three more' Poland, had set up a committee right, It's just the damn fools bright periods like these first to coordinate policies of Corn- running it. months of 1965 and Teddy will be rnunist nations from the Elbe; -Joseph Silvy, refusing to.accept high on the ladder for the predi- River to the Pacific. dential effort in 1972-Vice Presi- F1 v e $50,900 from the government-for ago— The State De- his Ravenna, Ohio, farm 'con, , dent Hubert Humphrey notwith- Partment accused Cuban Prime demned for a flood control pro]- . ._ _it . _. . IVjriMlntVnt* !Ttt*-lrtl /•*.-.»,*•»• A *-.* „.« , *• - •* standing. Minister Fidel Castro of con- ect. When Edward McCormack, ducting an intense official cam- Kennedy's 1962 primary oppo- P al 8 n °* slander against the nent, debated him on televi- United States. sion, he acidly suggested that O" e year ago— The Shah of Teddy would not be in the battle Ir an, Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, A Daily Thought if his name were just Edward i Moore (his middle name.) But the way the young man is in Washington to meet^ He who walks in integrity with President Johnson. walks securely, but he who I perverts his ways will be found going today, he is something the elude "Kennedy" .offers him a ' out.—Proverbs 10:9. month. $150 MI man' politicians would have to reckon foundation almost any aspiring Beware of him who oromisi-a woald be happy to .something lo, nothing.'- D e r- ''oors. That it goes on to in-1build upon. . _ . >nard Baruch.
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