Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan on June 3, 1965 · Page 4
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Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan · Page 4

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Thursday, June 3, 1965
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rou* ItONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN THURSDAY, JUNES, 1965. I RON WOOD DAILY GLOBE "Th* Doily Globt i* an indtptndtnt newspaptr, supporting what It believe* to be right and opposing what it believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and .impartially.* -linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publish* 1927-1964. Mrs. linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher The Class the Stars Fell On Only a month before. President Woodrow Wilson liad declared:: "There is such a thing as a mun bring too proud to fight." But the West Point class assembled for graduation ceremonies on June 12, 1915 must have sensed an early rendezvous with battle. World War 1 was in progress, and hostilitv Inward Germanv was growing in neutral United States. Only four days earlier William V j nnings Bryan had resigned as Secretary of State in protest against the content of Wilson's note to Germany on the sinking of the Lusi- rania. Much of t'hfi press was belaboring Brvan n« "traitorous" if not pro-German The difficulties with the Mexican bandit Pancho Villa, \vf\t>. only just ending. But the commenceinf-nt orator at West Point. Secretarv of War Lindley M. Garrison, .spoke not of war but of (he military service. HK congratulated the Academy on having graduated such a class—with 164 second lieutenants-to-be, the largest in it* history until then—and he congratulated the nation "to whose service the lives of von young men are consecrated." Then he advised them: Unless yon look upon vourselvcs as men who have actually, not only in word, pledged all that was in you for your country's safch. you have not imbibed' the proper traditions, and you cannot worthily hand them on. Let the record of the Class of 1915 speak for the West Point traditions. At the Academy it is called, with pride as well as a certain envy, "the class the stars fell on." The men assembled for graduation on that June day could hardly have known that theirs was a generation that War had chosen as life companions. Roughly a third of the class of 1915 rose to general rank. Among them they earned 110 stars. Two became five-star generals, Generals of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower and Omar N. Bradley. the latter chairman of this year's Golden Anniversary Reunion. Two classmates won four- star rank in World War II. Seven became lieutenant generals 24 major generals, and 23 brigadier generals. Eisenhower ranked 61st in scholarship in that 1915 class, 95th in deportment. He was one of the popular athletes who received much ap,- plause, as was Omar Bradley. The men who received the greatest send-off from classmates as they accepted diplomas were the football Ail-Americans and baseball stars, L. A. Merillat, Jr. and Vernon. E. Prichard. Other classmates wtih names destined for fame were |, A. Van Fleet and Joseph T. McNarney (both to become four-star generals), George E. Stratc- jnever. Herman Beukema, and Joseph M. Swing. As against the 164 cadets of the class ol 1915, there are nearly 600 in the class of 1965. The current cadet corps strength is 2,500, Congress last year authorized an expansion program that will bring the enrollment up to 4,400 by 1973. Another comparison is even more sriking. The United States in 1915 had an Army of fewer than 106,000 officers and men, a National Guard of about 129,400, a Navy of slightly more than 56,300, a Marine Corps ot 10,300. The National Security League was agitating for a regular army of 200,(R)0 men, but a Women's Peace Party wanted continued neutrality and so did the National Women's Trade Union League. Long Vote Drives: Wasted Effort Though hardly a burning question during the last presidential election, the possibility that voters in the West might be influenced by the reporting of early returns from the East generated a measure of heated discussion during the campaign. Now a little light has been thrown on the subject by virtue of a survey conducted by Or. Harold Mendelsohn, director of research in the School of Communication Arts at the University of Denver, under a grant from the Columbia Broadcasting System. Interviews were held with 1,724 registered v>ters in California, a populous and pivotal state where the influence of election return it-porting, if it existed, would have the greatest consequences. The results of the survey are inconclusive. r i here is no measurable indication that voters were cither swayed by a band-wagon effect to abandon their previously made choice to go with the apparent winner or that an underdog effect persuaded any voters to give their votes to the apparent loser out of sympathy. In addition, there is nothing to show that news of early returns was a factor either in encouraging people to go to the polls or to stay home. Some other results . of the survey may be more interesting and suggestive than these negative findings. For instance, "sheer political partisanship was the most important of all influences.' Eight of every ten persons with Democrats party preferences voted for Johnson; about three-fourths of those favoring the Republican party voted for Goldwater. The vast majority of voters (at least 92 per cent) made their decisions before election day. Some 97 per cent of those who planned to vote for Johnson actually did so, and exactly the same percentage of those who planned to vote for Goldwater actually did so. One other significant finding is that fully 77 per cent of all the voters sampled declared that the candidate for whom they voted had been their choice "since he was nominated at his party's convention." All of which, even though based on an admittedly tiny fraction of the nation's voters, seems to lend support to charges that election campaigns are unnecessarily long and drawn out, wasteful of party funds, hard on candidates and ultimately boring to the electorate. Sportier lines and more powerful engine' highlight the 1966 autos. Nothing like more speed to get away from traffic accidents. California professor says that cows worn' about their status in the herd. Now isn't that just like a woman? Hokum About Free Contract (Copyright IBM, King features Syndicate. Ina.i By lohn Chamberlain Secretary of Labor W. Willard Wirtz, testifying before a congressional committee the other day, put the case for repeal of the "right to work" clause of the Taft-Hartley Act on die philosophically correct ground that employers and workers should feel free to decide the sort cf contract they want between them, even if it involves a union shop. This is a point of view that in the past has even had the support of some conservatives. I believe that Professor Milton Friedman, the University of Chicago economics professor who believes in individual freedom more than most of his academic colleagues, would support Secretary Wirtz in his statement of the case of repeal of the "right to work" clause known as 14B. But in resting his argument on the abstract proposition that union shop and closed shop agreements should be protected under "freedom of contract" if and when employers and labor leaders mutually decide they want them, Secretary Wirtz was unwittingly raising some old ghosts. The union leaders of America don't really want freedom of contract. They fought bitterly against the whole idea throughout the twenties and the thirties of this century, and the upshot of their battle was a whole tissue of labor laws that specifically outlaw many things that used to be supported by the "freedom of contract" idea. . For example, many employers in the bad old days insisted on the freedom to sign so-called yellow dog contracts with their workers. Under the terms of a yjellow dog contract, freely accepted as a condition of employment, a worker would promise that he would never join a union while his contract was in force. Labor didn't like this sort of free contracting at all. * ft went all out for die Norris-Laguardia legislation that, outlawed, the yellow dog contract Would Secretary Wirtz be prepared today t< exend his "right to decide" argument to cover a lejieal of the anti-yellow dog law? The Wagner Act itself forced many restrk lions on the "right to decide" upon both em- - jployerj arid labor. It gave fifty-one per cent of the workers in any shop the right to become the bargaining agent for all die workers whether they wanted it or not. Secetary Wirtz would hardly stand up for the free contractual rights of a minority of forty-nine per cent to bargain for themselves. Nor would he stand up for a lot of other things that used to come under freedom of contract. Just recently he has done great positive harm to the farmers of California by abrogating their old rights to enter free contracts with the so-called braceros from Mexico. By clamping down on die California farm- firs' "right to decide" in die matter of hiring workers from across the border, Secretary Wirtz has deprived citizens of a friendly neighbor state of their traditional means of livelihood. He has raised die price of lettuce to consumers all across the United States. He has caused a cut-back in the planting of tomato crops, he lias hurt members of die teamsters union who haul California's agricultural produce from field to canning factory, and he hasn't done much to alleviate unemployment among California city people who prefer to stay on relief rather than stoop over under a hot sun in the fields. A poll conducted in early May by Public Opinion research of California, a statewide polling firm of great reliability, showed diat 76.2 per cent of the Republicans and 63.6 per cent of the Democrats are in favor of reinstating the right of California ranchers to contract freely with supplemental foreign workers to get their crops planted and harvested. If die employers of America were to be treed to sign any sort of contract widi dieir workers, I could see die philosophical consistency in repealing the 14B section of the Taft-Hartley Act which permits the individual states to for bid union shop contracts. But it is laughter for the gods when Secre- lary of Labor Wirtz, of all people, suggest that 14B should be outlawed in the name of the abstract "right to decide." Secretary Wirtz believes in the free "right to decide" just about as much as I believe in th* trod of Cassius Clay. Propel ler-to-Bumper Time of Year ' TOM LITTLE, NASHVILLE TENNESSEAN Today in National Affairs By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON — A great deal of argument that is superficial, and possibly dangerous in its consequences, is being heard not only outside but inside this country concerning policies of the United States government world affairs. Much of it overlooks some unpleasant truths— namely, that both the United Nations and the organization of American States, which are frequently urged as a logical means of achievi n g world peace, are themselves torn asunder by Communist intrigue and are not as effective as they might be in solving international troubles. Also, an increasing number of people in America are being misled today by what are called "neo-isolationist" groups. These are persons in academic life as well as in Congress who have decided that, because the United States cannot by itself possibly police the world, the thing to do is to withdraw from Vietnam and the Dominican Republic and everywhere else and to let the rest of the world get along as best it can. » a * Unfortunately, these e x - ponents of isolationism are unmindful of the fact Chat two world wars were indirectly the result of exactly such a philosophy. Almost up to the outbreak of each of the major conflicts, there were isolationists in the United States who were demanding that there be less preparedness and also that Americans stay out of foreign alliances altogether. Nevertheless, the end result in each case was a war In which many Americans lost their lives. The same kind of isolationism which ignored the evolution of conflicts that ultimately caused direct attacks on the United States now is shaping up as a potential danger to the American people. It is true that the United States does not have the r e sources to police the entire world or even to sustain i t economically. But this does not justify an abandonment of the crusade to bring about a better life among the smaller nations, including the peoples behind the Iron Curtain, or a discontinuance of the effort to impress the peoples of the larger nations that their destiny is wrapped up in what can be done by the United States, together with free governments in their own countries, to develop a lasting peace in the world. (3 •* * The rise of German imperialism in the early part of this century met with indifference just as did the steady aggression of Hitler's imperialism in the 1930's. Today, another enemy of the same type — Communist imperialism —is spreading its tentacles to almost every region of the world. The isolationists, however, would, in effect, run up the White Flag and remove from the scene the biggest single force that could thwart the ambitions of the Communists — namely, the military and economic power of the United States. Neither In Vietnam nor in the Dominican Republic does a Civil War itself present a direct threat to the American people. The menace is the backing given by the Red Chinese and the Soviet Governments, respectively, whose agents ha v e infested all tin capital* of (lie world and have infiltrated also inside the United States. Today's world is not safe for large or small nations. The Communist imperialists are not bound by any code or morals, nor do they respect international boundaries. Just because the threat to America is not clearly defined in the day-by-day debate, there are lots of persons who think that "neo-isolationism" or isolationism is the right course to pursue. ft a ft What is surprising is that many persons who know the history of the periods preceding the first and the second World Wars are in the forefront of the discussion today in trying to drag their own nation into an isolationism which can in itself furnish the very conditions that may plunge the United States into a war against its will. For enemy governments misconstrue such isolation! s m or pacifism as a sign of weakness or fear, thus encouraging aggressors to take chances. Whether the isolationists a r e members of Congress or p r o- fessors on the campus, they are giving encouragement, though unintentionally perhaps, to the Communist cause. it is unfortunate that the true enemies in the '"cold war" are not clearly marked out. It was only a few days ago that President Johnson called Red China the real enemy in Southe a s t Asia. It may be wondered how long it will be before the Soviet Government, too, will be painted in its true colors. It is important for the whole world t o understand that the main obstacle to peace and international understanding is the communist infiltration everywhere which prevents international co-operation through the United Nations or other instruments of c o 1 - lective action. Timely Quotes Everybody who has a child is not a parent. —Cleveland, Ohio, city councilman Clarence L. Gaines, investigating conditions in the city's Negro ghetto. The strength of our society depends upon the degree of success with which we are able to determine the educational, po litical, economic and cultural needs and potential of this new generation. —Eugene Gilbert, marketing executive. Ironwood Daily Globe Published evenings, except Sundays by Globe Publishing Company. 118 E McLeod Ave.. Ironwood, Michigan Established Nov. 20, 1918, f Iron wood News-Record acquired April 18 1MI; Ironwood Times acquired May 23. l«48.» Second class oostage paid at Iron- •vood. Michigan. MEMMB* or THE ASSOCIATED PREtl Th« Associated Press Is entitled exclusively to the use (or reeublcstlon of all the local news printed In this newspaper, as well as all AP news dispatches. Member oil American Newspaper Publishers Association, Interamerican Press Association, Inland Dally Press Association, Bureau of Advertising Michigan Press Association, Audi- Bureau of Circulations. Subscription rates) By mall within • radius of 60 miles—per year, S9; six months, IS; three months, *3; one month, tl.SO No mall subscriptions sold to towns and locations where carrier service is maintained Elsewhere—pel year, $18; out month |l 80 All mnl! i subscriptions "payable fn idvarice:""By j carrier. $20 BU per year la advance; by I UM WMk. 40 suit*. Record of the Past 10 YEARS AGO— Temperalures: High 70, low 64 . . . . Henry Eugene Karjala, son of Mr. and Mrs. Henry Karjala, 820 North Hemlock Street, and David R. Leppanen, son of Mr. and Mrs. William N. Leppa n e n , North Lake Road, are among 259 seniors at St. Olaf College, Northfield, Minn., who will receive their degrees at c o m - mencement exercises June 5th . . . Coach F. W. Duffin's Wakefield Cardinal tennis team left for Stambaugh this morning to participate in the annual Upper Peninsula Class C-D-E tennis tournament. Stambaugh's Hilltoppers are the defend ing champions. 20 YEARS AGO— Tempe r atures: High 50, low 25 . . . . The Rev. T. E. Johnstone of The National Whirligig (Release* by McClure Newspaper Syndicate! By ANDREW TULLY WASHINGTON — Bobby Kennedy says his amendment to the voting rights bill giving the franchise to folks who can't speak, read or write English will cure a "very serious situation." Bobby is right. There are roughly 300,000 Puerto Ricans of voting age in Bobby's adopted state of New York who are not registered voters, presumably because they are illiterate i n English. To any politician, this would be a "very serious situation," but not because these people are disenfranchised. The situation is "serious" to Bobby Kennedy and the New York State Democratic party because i t deprives them of votes. 6 O & AMENDMENT UNCONSTITUTIONAL-It is not chic these days the Salem Lutheran Church gave the baccalaureate address for the 1945 graduating class of the Luther L. Wright High School His address, "Life's Privileges" centered on t he Scripture passage "Ye are not your own, for ye are bought with a price; therefore, glorify God in your body and in your spirit, which are God's," . . . . Mrs. Kathryn Ragsdale Church of Bessemer, director of vocal music at Northland College, Ashland, and the personnel of the Girls choir of 36 voices, e n- trained for Chicago last night where they will present a concert for the public at Kimball Hall this evening. A Daily Thought "Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works and give glory to your Father who is in heaven."—Matthew 5:16. You all have powers never dreamed of. You can do things you never thought you could. — Darwin P. Kingley. Appropriation Bill Is Passed by House WASHINGTON (AP) — The House has passed and sent to the Senate a $2-billion appropriation bill to finance the activities of the State, Justice and Commerce departments, the federal courts and the U.S. Information Agency A roll-call vote of 322 to 60 Tuesday approved the measure which covers the fiscal year starting July 1. USE DAILY GLOBE WANT-ADS to refer to the Constitution except when the rights of s o m • Communist bank robber are affected, but just for the record Bobby's amendment is blatantly unconstitutional. The Constitution gives exclusively to the states the right to set the qualifications of voters and to decide what tests should be applied to determine a citizen's right to vote, and New York state's constitution has a provision in that regard. The state constitution requires that a voter be able to read and write English, and that he possess the equivalent of an eighth grade education. B o b b y ,s amendment would give the vote to citizens with the equivalent of an eighth-grade education in an American school where a foreign language is spoken. A A •& AN ACCOMMODATION MEASURE—In other words, the Kennedy proposal demands that the Federal legislative body amend the New York state constitution, to accommodate citizens who can't understand the nation's official language. Curiously, supporters of the Kennedy amendment have i n - slsted that It is quite constitutional, despite the fact that the Supreme Court frequently has. upheld the right of the states to 1 ' set voting standards. Moreover, the Court specifically has a p proved the New York State law, as one which is "not an unreasonable exercise of the powers of the state to provide requirements for exercising the elective 'franchise." As late a s 1959, it upheld all state literacy tests as the exercise of the "lawful power vested" in the state by the Federal Constitution. •to it -6 STATES INITIATE OWN ACTION—Ironically,- Kennedy and Co. have cited two southern states as authority for the Puerto Rican amendment. Florida and Louisiana, they point out, long ago granted the ballot t o Spariish-a n d F r e n c h-speak- ing citizens, respectively. Bu t in both cases, the action was taken by the states, in the exercise of the rights granted by the Federal Constitution; it was not imposed by Congress. Presumably, a Supreme Court which six years ago sustained these states rights can b e counted on to strike down this new attempt to infringe them. But, to put it as politely as possible, this is a Court that has been known to change its mind about the Constitution. P e r haps in New York City, they should print those ballots i n Spanish — and, after the next big wave of immigrants, in Urdu. AUTHORIZED DEALER WESTINGHOUSE s 100 TRADE-IN For Your Refrigerator Regardless of Condition Model RJF 45 Frost-Free "Colder Cold" Cooling in both Refrigerator and 119-lb. Freezer Sections ... Never Defrost Again! 18-Lb. Meat Keeper keeps meat fresh seven days without freezing. Big Vegetable Crisper is long enough for celery — deep enough for heads of lettuce. Full Width-Full Depth Shelves in Refrigerator interior and in door. Plus: Deluxe Door Handles, Magnetic Latches, Butter Keeper, 2-Position Shelf, Egg Shelf on Door,^ Built-in Quality. ^ BIG, BIG TRADE-IN On Electric Ranges Model KFF3A New No Turn Speed-Broil®— broils both sides at once, seals in flavor. Broil time after time without cleaning oven. Removable Chrome Oven Panels —slide out in seconds—wash easily, end tiresome oven scouring. Kine-Size Look-in Window—interior oven light with manual "peek" switch. Automatic Surface Unit—pre* vents burning and boil-overs. Roast Guard—guarantees perfect roasts, even if dinner is late. Automatic Bake & Hold—keeps complete meals serving-hot. Two-Step Timer—automatically turns oven on/off at pre-set time. Full Coil Heating—surface units heat all over even at lowest settings, fine tune for infinite heat selection. Plug-Out Surface and Oven Units —for easy cleaning. NO MONEY DOWN LOW MONTHLY PAYMENTS TED ELLOS Appliance Store DOWNTOWN IRONWOOD s ;<-• •J»u

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