Daily Times Herald EDITORIALS Thuridoy, November 5, 1970 Voices of Peace The small dictionary within easy reach says of an antiphon that it is "anything composed for responsive chanting or singing." The word comes to mind when one considers the strategic arms limitation talks just resumed in Helsinki and the antiphonal news about the continuing buildup of nuclear weapons. The so-called SALT talks have been going on intermittently for quite some time, now. Those who take seriously the threat of a nuclear holocaust should we not be able to control the burgeoning of nuclear weapons have regarded these talks as the great hope for some sort of mutual reining-in by the superpowers. There is small reason to doubt that if these talks should fail the result would be a new and potentially disastrous spiraling of the arms race. The fact that the strategic arms limitation talks seem to have gone rather well thus far is countered, however, by indications that the arms buildup continues without letup. On the very day that formal resumption of the SALT talks in Helsinki was reported, for example, the news also featured Defense Secretary Laird's warning to NATO defense ministers that the Soviet Union now has about 1,400 lanoVbased intercontinental ballistic missiles ready to go or under construction. That is about 100 more than Laird reported to Congress only a few months ago. Evidently the buildup behind the Iron Curtain is continuing apace. At the same time, the Sentinel anti-ballistic missile program is going forward in the United States despite intensive opposition in Congress. The fact, in short, is that both our country and the Soviet Union are engaged in an unremitting expansion of their nuclear destructive capability. That is one stentorian part of the antiphonal chorus we now hear. The other voice, the voice of the SALT talks devoted to achieving a mutual agreement on nuclear weapons curbs, can sometjjfles scarcely be heard. All the same, the world hope of averting a nuclear catastrophe rests largely on the voices of peace and reason now being heard again in Helsinki. Teacher. Incentive Anything that gives able, dedicated teachers a greater incentive to teach in underprivileged areas of the community is a positive good. With this in mind, we applaud the U.S. Office of Education announcement specifically authorizing use of federal education funds to increase teacher pay in low-income neighborhoods. It might be argued by some that we have posed a contradiction in terms in suggesting that the above-mentioned "able, dedicated teachers" need this incentive. That argument carries weight if it is considered in a vacuum, in idealistic terms. The practical fact of the matter is that even a good teacher strongly motivated to enlighten and guide children may find many valid reasons for seeking assignment to a school in a more prosperous neighborhood. . The need for enlightenment and guidance is no less in such a neighborhood. The chances of "getting through" to the children, of being able to accomplish something in education, are greater than in a school whose pupils are drawn from low-income homes where survival is more of a key word than development. It is easy for a good teacher, however dedicated, to persuade himself that he can make just as much of a contribution in a middle-income or high-income neighborhood as in one populated by low- income families. The frustrations and heartbreaks of teaching in a low-income neighborhood, even in some cases the actual dangers of it, must somehow be compensated for by society. We cannot rightly demand of teachers that they make a sacrifice of comfort and equanimity without additional compensation. That is too much to expect of many of them. They need a. bonus for performance under particularly demanding conditions. This is the sound rationale underlying the new use of federal education funds. Break For Buyer The federal government buys enormous quantities of consumer goods ranging from typewriter ribbons to automobiles, lit does some testing as a partial basis for deciding which products to buy. The consuming public could benefit by knowing What such tests reveal about the relative value of goods. Since tax money pays for the testing, the public should have access to the re- suits • This is the rationale which underlies the disclosure order just signed by President Nixon. Disclosure will not be complete: the President himself indicated the limits when he said tfliat "we cannot do this in a way that divulges trade secrets or discourages bidding on contracts or puts the government into the 'seal of approval' business." Another inhibiting factor is that the government accumulates a disappointingly small amount of brand name information. The presidential order is a step of pot e n t i a 11 y great significance, all the same. Consumer groups have long advocated release of government product test data. A specific advance toward realization of that goal has now been made. Office of the Modern Candidate Dear Abby Let Son Lead His Own Life By Abigail Van Bur en Washington Notebook — Key to 'Good Schools' — By Ray Cromley WASHINGTON (NEA) - It has not been generally reported, but some byproduct data coming out of a series of government studies over the past few years strongly indicates that the amount of money a community spends on its school has very little effect on what students achieve. This is not to say that students don't differ in achievement or that some schools don't, on the average, turn out students who do better on tests and in college than students from other schools But so far as these surveys go, the differences in achievement don't seem to be. related to the money spent—when other factors are accounted for. In general, school facilities, school curricula and teacher quality seem to have little effect. Teacher attitudes apparently have greater influence than teacher quality, but the difference is slight. What does make a significant difference in student achievement, apparently, is the general educational background and aspirations of the majority of students in the school. That is, the attitude of the other students seems to be more important than the quality of the school buildings, the equipment, the curriculum and even more important by far than the quality and the attitude of the teachers. The attitude and quality of the fellow students, in turn, seems to relate directly to the kind of families the majority of the student body comes from. There is considerable evidence in these surveys that the kind of family a child comes from has much more of an effect on his learning than the money spent on the school and the quality of the teachers. What is highly significant is that these surveys show that for most children: Achievement is direcly related to the interest of their parents in their school work. The effect of/This parental interest on achievement apparently increases as the student progresses from grade one through grade 12, which is as far as these surveys have measured. School achievement is little affected by the economic level of their home but greatly affected by the education, level of their parents and the educational material in the home. Educational achievement is greater if there is a father in the home. The surveys indicate that an ambitious, eager child can learn in any school. An apathetic, uninterested child has a difficult time learning in even a good school. Now if these very tentative findings turn out to have validity, it would be wise for us to go slow in making major changes in how and what the schools teach without first finding out what changes would make significant difference in eduational achievement. Perhaps we have been going at this education business in the wrong way. The question we need to ask ourselves is why in one home the father and mother stress learning and achievement and why in another home they do not—sometimes in the same neighborhoods with roughly the same mean income level. Or, perhaps it is that some parents stress their interest more effectively and some (With equally good intent) fumble at the job. Perhaps, as some research men have suggested at science conferences this reporter has attended, the way to get better students is through educating the parents. But how and in what way does a democratic society get to parents so that they will inspire their youngsters? Meanwhile, this reporter intends to go on voting for local school bond issues. Polly's Pointers ~~ Creates a Stain Problem POLLY'S PROBLEM DEAR POLLY — I am a first-time mother with a son, 1, whose clothes show his love for bananas. They leave a horrible black stain which I have never been able to remove. Any help would be a blessing, as this can be an expensive problem. —MRS. S. B. DEAR POLLY — Mrs. W. R. S. asked how she could make the ceiling in her child's room look like the top of a circus tent. We did this in our daughter's room several years ago and received so many compliments that we.felt the job was well-worth the trouble. Polly Cramer We painted the walls and ceiling the same light blue. When this was dry, we chalk-marked the ceiling in six-inch squares and with masking tape marked the areas at either side of each stripe to be painted a darker shade of blue. The first stripes made a big cross with — By Polly Cramer its center in the middle of the ceiling and then the ends of the four sides came to the center top of each wall. These strips, along with the others that were added inside the squares, were all extended 10 inches down the wall to make a valance around the ceiling like the drop to a canopy top. After the paint dried for perhaps a week, the chalk lines were wiped off with a damp cloth. The paint does not come off when the masking tape is removed. The number of stripes would depend on the size of the room and the desired width of the stripes. We rounded the bottoms of the stripes on the part that came down on the walls. —MR. D, V. DEAR GIRLS - This idea can be carried out with either paint or striped wallpaper. I really think using wallpaper is easier. My method differs somewhat from that of Mrs. D. V. in that the first lines I make on the ceiling are in the shape of an X rather than a cross. After finding the exact center of the ceiling, mark a big X that goes diagonally from corner to corner with its center in the middle of the ceiling. This will form four triangles, which are each filled in with stripes of paint or paper with the stripes so placed on each of the four sections that they will continue down on the wall in a straight line. Where two of the triangles meet, the stripes will form a chevronhke design. First make a drawing on paper and it will look far simpler man it sounds and save.time, temper and mistakes. —POLLY Abby Van Buren DEAR ABBY: Our sen, », attended a boys' high school and never dated until he went to college. As a college freshman he niet a girl and they became engaged. She is a year older than he, is of another faith, and she is an invalid, having had spinal surgery at age 13. She needs help to walk, and her coordination is poor. Our son invited her to our home for a few days. (She lives 300 miles away.) It was heartbreaking! The poor girl made her bed ta the best of her ability, but it looked like the work of a child. She left fingerprints on the walls where she had tried to get around, unassisted. We've explained to our son that he will have a hard time getting insurance and hospitalization — that she will always need a full-time maid, and she is incapable of caring for a baby, if indeed she could ever bear one. > We've told our son that we will,see him through college, while he is still single, but if he marries in college, we'll not help him financially. We love our son and don't want him to make a mistake he will regret all his life. Meanwhile, the girl's parents are encouraging this marriage. Would you recommend this marriage? HIS PARENTS DEAR PARENTS: The "marriage" may come off whether I recommend it or not. But I have a. recommendation for you. Though I know you have your son's best interests at heart, it is his decision and his life, and even his "mistake" if that's what it turns out to be. Don't point out the difficulties "he will face should be marry this girl. (He's aware, of them.) Your obvious disapproval of this choice could make him ' all the more determined to marry her just to prove you wrong. DEAR ABBY: A man just can't win. Why is it that when'I send my wife flowers for no special occasion, she looks at me funny and says, "Well, what have you done now?" NOT GUILTY DEAR NOT: She hasn't been properly trained. When she feels "certain that your generosity was not prompted by a guilty conscience, she'll quit being suspicious. To "train" her — send her flowers more often. DEAR ABBY: The letter about twin beds interested me because for 10 years my husband and I also slept "spoon style" and it was very comfortable —Letter to the Editor To the Editor: A few questions tossed out to "Congress" — the Federal Legislative Body of the U.S.A. Question No. 1. Why doesn't the United States Department of Agriculture (U.S.D.A.) and the American Medical Association (A.M.A.) co-ordinate their economic forces and delve into the health hazard created by the petroleum industry, and seek ways and means of eliminating the poisonous "smog" which seems to have reached a stage of major proportion, not only in our congested over-populated cities, but is also making its appearance in every section of our nation and other nations as well. Therefore, it is my sincere belief, that if all the farmers of our great agricultural domain, who produce 70 per cent of generating force of our entire economy, would unite their forces and demand the opportunity to produce for "USE AND PROFIT" and all out production, based on their willingness to adhere to mandatory soil conserving practices which would involve the use of "organic" fertilizers instead of the "inorganic" matter now used quite extensively, thus preserving our land for future generations as time goes on. In conjunction with all this proposed procedure, the farmers of our nation should seek ways and means of utilizing the surpluses created by this great adventure and demand of the petroleum industry to use "Alcohol" made from corn, wheat, milo, potatoes or fruit to blend with their motivating product (gasoline and diesel fuel), a process that doesn't destroy any food value of the products so used, and replace the "lead" infiltrating the precious air we breathe every hour of the day with "carbon-monoxide" fumes spewed from the exhausts of millions of automobiles, trucks, tractors, and aircraft, Which is slowly aiding and abetting the suicidal exodus of all human and animal life from this earth. The farmers of America should refuse the dole now handed out to them for not producing, which is merely a • sedative to' soothe the aches and pains of a prolonged "economic disease" commonly known as "overpnv duction" and openly declare that they are willing and ready to produce the grain or any farm product suitable in the making of "alcohol" for industrial purposes at no less than full "parity" prices paid to all of our farmers for the products so used. This great adventure would hot only solve our huge economic problem but would also credit the farmers of our nation for setting forth the greatest humanitarian proposal ever presented to bur American society. — Jake Auen, Lake View, Iowa. for him. He is 6'2" and I am 5'2" and I wasn't getting much bed, or much sleep. Five years ago we bought twin'beds and for the first year my husband hated it. Then we hit upon a good compromise. We pushed the twin beds together. That way we each have our own mattress and when one moves the other isn't, disturbed. Of course the bedroom doesn't look quite as attractive, but now we can hold hands when we go to sleep, and. he can lean over and kiss me good night and we can get a good night's sleep. I know I am much easier to get along with during the daytime if I've slept well and that's worth a lot! HAPPY IN TACOMA DEAR ABBY: We have raised four healthy children. Now we have a grandson who is a year old and we have never been asked to baby-sit with him — not once! In fact, I have never even been allowed to change his diaper. I am not a registered nurse, but I know how to take care of a baby. My daughter-in-law's mother is a nurse and she is asked to baby-sit all the time. We don't even feel like grandparents. HURT & HEARTBROKEN IN SPRINGFIELD DEAR H AND H: Perhaps your daughter-in-law : doesn't know that you would like to baby-sit with your grandson. Why don't you tell her? If after that she still doesn't call on you, you may have reason to feel hurt. Your Health Do-it-Your self Physical By Lawrence E. Lamb, M.D. You* can do a lot of the important parts of a medical checkup for heart and vascular disease yourself. Much important; . evidence that you may become a victim. is fairly obvious. Let's see how you score: Reach around to the back, just below the ribs and pick up a fold of skin. If it is over a half-inch-thick you have excess fat depos- Dr. L. E. Lamb its - Trv me sam e thing around the navel. The thicker the roll the sicker the patient; A truly lean body usually means- less likelihood of developing fatty deposits in the arteries. What has happened to your waistline? Can you wear the same clothes you wore in your early twenties? If not, you are on the road to the diseases of civilization — unless you are pregnant. What is your body weight? If you have gained weight since your early twenties it is most likely not muscle — weight gain after that age is usually fat. Check your resting heart rate. K it is- less than 70 beats per minute' you are more apt to have good heart action. Young men in good physical condition usually flave heart rates of 60 beats per minute or less. If your resting heart rate is over 80 beats per minute you have a much greater chance of sudden death at an earlier age than those with rates below 70. If you didn't flunk the first heart rat* test, exercise by running in place about one minute at a rate of 60 steps a minute — counting when the,, left foot hits the floor. Lie down and count your heart rate again. If it is over 100 beats per minute you are not in optima! condition. You don't need to run to the doctor. Get rid of the cigarettes, coffee, colas and alcohol first. Start walking some each day. Now, inventory your food habits. Are you on a diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol? You should be. What do you eat for breakfast? Eggs? Bacon? Buttered toast? Coffee with cream? If so, you start each day losing ground on your health program. What are your habits? Cigarettes? Coffee? Colas? Alcohol? If you are a heavy smoker, you are significantly increasing your chances of illness. Do you have an exercise program or do you get enough exercise? These items are the most important aspects of an annual examination, for the vast majority of people. I am appalled at how many people have expen-. sive annual checkups that ignore these aspects of health. Often the patient leaves without anyone really saying anything to him about his habits. Oh, there is lots of interest in the laboratory tests — usually normal — but the real meat of the issue is in the above items. And you can answer most of these questions yourself. Dear Doctor — How often should my bowels move? If they don't move once a day, should I take a laxative? : Dear Reader — It is not necessary to haye a daily bowel movement. The frequency of your bowel movement depends upon how much of what you eat. If you are on a liquid diet, obviously there won't be enough bulk for a large stool. Becoming bowel conscious and taking laxatives is a good way to develop continuing bowel problems. Eat a good diet and get enough exercise, and if you are still concerned about your bowels, see your doctor before you.start taking laxatives regularly. Daily Times Herald 515 North Main Street Carroll, Iowa Daily Except Sundays and Holidays other then February 22, November 11 by The Herald Publishing Company. JAMES W. WILSON, Publisher HOWARD B. WILSON, Editor W. L. REITZ, News Editor . :• MARTIN MAHER, Advt. Mgr. Entered, as second-class matter at the post-office at Carroll, Iowa, under the act of March 2, 1897. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled ex* clusively to the use for republication of all the local news printed in this news' paper as well as all AP dispatches. Official Paper of County and City Subscription Rates By carrier boy delivery per week $ .50 BY MAIL Carroll County and All Adjoining Counties, where carrier service is not available, per year $15.00 Outside of Carroll and Adjoining Counties in Zones 1 and 2, per year $18.00 All Other Mail in the United States, per year $22.00 The Carroll Daily Times Herald is an ABC Daily Newspaper. The number of subscribers, recorded daily on permanent records and verified by the nationally recognized Audit Bureau of Circulations guarantees advertisers the paid circulation figures of the Carroll Daily Times Herald are accurate. Only an ABC newspaper can give, assurance its stated circulation is accurate. 19* by N<EA ,.tc,, */ think I'li livt dangerously attJ try thtJilot of mercury/"
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