The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on January 14, 1933 · Page 14
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 14

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Saturday, January 14, 1933
Page 14
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"(,•" *•-•«• *'-->i 1 M,sw',sv,'W'i:; in t ; :''.v - 4; vtfc-tx, SATURDAY, JANUARY editorial $age of Cfjc Paktrsftclb Caltforntan ALFRED HARRELL EDITOH *. fQ&e $al«f#flel& CaJifornUm Issued livery Evening Except Sunday tu Bukcr&llcld, Kern County, California Knterecl In post office at'Bakersllelcl, California, as Hecond class mall matter under the Act of Congress March 8, 187U. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Prons Is exclusively entitled to the use for publication of nil news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited in this paper, and also tho local Dews published therein. Tho Callforninn 18 also a client of the United Press and the United News and receives tho complete leased wire service of both. EASTERN REPRESENTATIVES Bryant, Griffith & Brunson, Inc. New York, Chicago, Detrcjlt, Atlanta •WASHINGTON (D. C.) BUREAU Frederic .T. Haskln, Director, "Washington, D. C. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE Delivered by carrier or mall In postal zones, one, two, three, per month, 6Bc By mall In postal zones four to eight, per month, 8Gc THIS PAPER IS MADE IN THE U. 8. A. "BUY AMERICAN" SPREADS HPHAT the "Buy American" sentiment is •*- rapidly spreading in all parts of the country and meeting with encouraging responses from large numbers of citizens is now being disclosed in reports carried in the market pages of Eastern newspapers. One financial writer states that the campaign has already had a noticeable effect upon the volume of foreign merchandise ordered for Spring and Summer delivery. Importers, it is asserted, have limited their buying, and retailers in the Mid-West have canceled a part, and in some cases all, of their Spring orders for foreign-made housewares. Then we are told: "Others are buying only limited quantities of goods for Summer. The 'Buy American' drives have had some effect in the South, Far West and in New England, but the reaction is particularly noticeable in the Mid-West, according to the importers." Obviously the proper extension of such campaigns should have a salutary effect on industry in the United States. When enough consumers become conscious of the fact that low ^standards of living in many foreign countries, which are now operating with greatly depreciated currency systems, enable foreign manufacturers to undersell American producers there will be renewed demand for American-made goods. It follows logically that American factories will resume operations and that many thousands of idle workers will again have gainful employment. employed, and that most of Ilieir jobs should be given to unemployed adults while the children are sent to school. Other assertions made by the social groups are to the effect that the depression has lowered the standards of child labor, increased the tendency to exploit children in sweatshops, and also increased the proportion of the.least desirable jobs among working children. Scanning the figures of the last census, investigators have found that more than 2,000,000 persons under 18 years of. age were employed, of whom approximately 667,000 were under 16. But it is conceded that the 1930 report showed improvement in the child labor situation. Only. 200,000 under 16 were engaged in non-agricultural pursuits, a decrease of 53 per cent from 1920. The number under 16 employed in manufacturing industries had decreased 63 per cent. But it is also contended that many children who would be displaced in depression times will be at work when business picks up. One correspondent points out: "Some industries arc replacing adult workers with children because the latter can be hired so cheaply. The number of 16 and 17-year-old workers in the clothing industry of Connecticut and Rhode Island increased 123 per cent and 283 per cent, respectively, in 10 years. There were increases of 81 per cent in New Jersey, 62 per cent in New York and V2 per cent in Massachusetts. Depression sweatshops have been paying some girl workers as low as 10 cents an hour, investigators find, and in one New England city hundreds of them were earning less than $5 a week." One indication that children are taking adults' jobs, according to Miss Frances Perkins, is the increase in the number of children injured at work at a lime when accidents to adults are on the decline. Thoughtful citizens will be in-agreement that such conditions ought not to be possible in a land where high standards of living art; axiomatic. The welfare of little children is one of the first responsibilities of organized society, and it cannot be too diligent in seeking and applying corrective measures wherever possible. By FREDERIC J. HASKIN Any reader 1 of thin nowspiper li welcome* to inoko use at any time of the free Information torrlco of this dennrlinent. Atldross your III- nulry to Tho HiXcriflcld Ctllfomlin Information Bureiu, Frederic 3. Huktn, Director, Washington. C., and you will rocelre personal letter In reply. Rncloso 0 cent* In coin or Blimps for return postage. Bo not use poilcarcli. Ho turn to stale your question clcirly, .and to write your name and fcddress plainly. Q. Are there more males In the United males?- States and Canada than fe- -S. J. S. A. In 1980, the male population of the United States totaled 62,137,080 and female 60,627,965. In'Canada, the male population was 4,529,945 and female 4,268,538. Q. What proportion of our exports and Imports Is shipped In foreign vessels?—D. C. A. For the year ending December, 1931, 64.1 per cent of our exports and 66.1 per cent of our Imports were carried In foreign vessels. This, of course, refers to the water-borne commerce. GA&RIELLEE. fORBQSH,- CHAPTER XLVIII Linda frowned. "I wish I'd been "I'll'flnd out some day," murmured Q. Are there two kinds of margarine?—W. S. W. A. There are two kinds of margarine—oleo oil margarine, made of animal fats, and nut margarine, made of vegetable fats. THE KREUGER HOAX Q. Wero many officers courtmar- tlaled In the WorW War?—B. B. A. It Is military practice to maintain secrecy concerning courtsmartlal but, In his Memoirs, recently translated Into Kngllsh, Marshal Joffre says that while he was commander-ln- chlef of the French army he court- martialed 50 generals for offenses ranging from costly errors to coward- Ice. The number of officers of lesser rank was proportionately large. Q. Who devised the system of abbreviations of chemicals In formulas? —G. T. D. A. Tho present system of symbols was devised by Berzellus, and consists of abbreviations of the names of the elements with small figures at tho lower right hand to denote the number of atoms of each element present. w ALONG PRACTICAL LINES/ ITH abundant reason for viewing the future as promising unusual opportunity fof continued party success in the Slate, Democratic leadership is proceeding along the most practical lines when it formulates definite programs of action and encourages organized effort among partisans and independent voters throughout the remaining period until the next election at which state officials must be chosen. The movement which had its birth at the recent celebration of Jackson day in Fresno, and which is designed to weld party units in the. San Joaquin Valley together, is a step in the right direction and should be productive of the most gratifying results. If Democratic principles are to be returned to power in this commonwealth, as they have been in the nation, nothing is of greater importance than that the maximum party strength be recruited for future action at the polls. That duty rests with leadership that has vision and is willing to work harmoniously, to the end that candidates who merit the confidence and support of all voters shall be selected as the party's standard bearers. In a long period of years the political horizon of California has'nevjer been so radiant with promise for Democratic success as it is at the present time. That promise may be fully realized by unremitting effort on the part of those who have been given responsibility in the political subdivisions of the State, proceeding along the strong groundwork of intensive organization. Perhaps no better thought for Democratic leadership has been disclosed than that of Kern county's chairman, George Hay, who counseled those assembled at the Jackson day celebration to "get together, consolidate our forces, ant elect the next Governor of California." MAZING revelations being made in con- with the Ivor Kreuger financial debacle, as a result of which thousands of investors in this country have suffered tremendous losses, indicate need for the most thorough investigation into methods used to unload vast quantities of the so-called 'Match King's" worthless securities upon an unsuspecting public. Sufficient has already been brought to light to prove that Kreuger was the most colossal swindler of financial history, and that he could have carried on his criminal abtivities over a long period of years without detection, or even arousing suspicion in any responsible quarter, affords a mystery that the public generally will be deeply interested in solving. There is no hope that these losses can be recouped, but there is imperative demand that such measures be taken as will make any repetition of this gigantic hoax impossible. Q. What was the real name of Laurence Hope?—N. M. J. A. Laurence Hope Is the writing name of Adela Florence Cory Nlcolson. She was born In 1865 at Stake Bishop, Gloucestershire, England. She died of poison, self-administered, at Madras, India, October 4, 1904. Q. What states compose the German Republic?—R. H. A. Prussia, Bavaria, Saxony, Wurt- temberg, Baderi, Thurlngla, Hesse, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Schwerln, Oldenburg, Brunswick, Anhalt, Bremen, Llppe. Lubeck, Mecklenburg-Strelltz, and Schaumberg-Llppe. Q. When did the drama come Into common presentation?—C. S. E. A. The earlieut European drama Is tho Greek, which, growing up In connection with the festival of Dlonyslus, culminated In Attica, where the festival camo to be celebrated by the performance of u tetralogy, consisting of one comedy and a trilogy of serious plays or tragedies celebrating a connected series of mythic episodes. In Medieval Europe, mystery, miracle, and morality plays, acted In connection with the church festivals preceded the appearance during the Renaissance, of tho modern drama which has developed besides tragedy and comedy, tragi-comedy, melodrama, opera, bur- letta, farce, etc. there! I always .seem left out of all the excitement." "Child, you've had plenty!" observed her husband severely. "Enough to-last you the rest of your life. Well —t wouldn't sny a word until I'd seen you but Kathleen chased mo out and then the others' caught me and I couldn't get out of it. But, believe me, I handled those birds plenty tp think about!" "Tom! You -didn't. let them know we suspected them?" "Didn't I? With full particulars— every man had It coming to him. Shaughnesscy 'fessed up like a sport and the rest had to take It and like it." "Marvin?" "Well, I sort of weakened 'there. I held out on the book. Later I did speak about it when I was alone a moment with him and I was darned glad I'd had tho sense to keep quiet before tho rest. He nearly died even then—being accused of committing murder was nothing .to the agony of being reminded of that early error. Remember I spoke of his acting embarrassed when we met—how he sort of backed up against the bookcase and fended me off? He'd just caught sight of his Literary Lapse, the skeleton In the closet, or rather in the drawing room." • ' , "Some day when I have more time," said Linda dreamily, "I must look up Marvin's little opus." "Not If Marvin knows It. He confiscated it—with my permission—and you'll have to, bind and gag him and search his baggage to get at It." "But how did Cousin Amos—" "Hadn't ho a genius for trouble- making? • Well, when I came downstairs Marvin was just about to snake it out and of course ho was caught at It. Later ho got back and was about to make off with It as non- chantly ns he could when he saw Cousin Amos' eye on him. So Marvin —still trying to be offhand and probably putting up as poor a bluff as oosslble—shoves the book under those garden nmgaKlnes on the center table. Of course he didn't fool thrj" old man for a minute and the next time he cnmo to look for It it was gone. Cousin Amos, of course. But Marvin didn't know that and he lived in some suspense—I pense—!" "Don't gloat; it Isn't becoming," said his wife loftily. "Then of course Cousin Amos held Marvin up on his way out—when he- .pretended to us that he was going to read those stuffy old essays or whatever." "The late emperor or Rome would appreciate your estimate of his deathless prose." Tom returned the snub with Interest. "Yes—Marcus Aurellus was a blind, all riRht, but Cousin Amos must have already asslmllatec considerable Asiatic folklore for : gather his comments when he stopped Marvin were—well, Biblical In an Old Testament-prophet-calling-down - fire and-brlmstone sort of way, if you know what I mean." "Contamination of his presence,' murmured Linda reminlscently. "Oh, yes. Said he wasn't fit to" as soclate with us—or rather, with you darling—the sweet young w^fe, hardly more than a child—" "How simply outrageous! What dl he think I was—couldn't I stand a little— Tommy, dearest, what was In the old book anyhow?" "Coming now to Mr. Statlander,' declaimed her husband oratorically Linda, "There's . another undcrhead. What do 'you suppose he's been up to?" , ' "I'd like very much to know, dear," replied his wife with suspicious meekness.. • "First place, he's leaylng Valelka. Going'with Rosemary Lynn, our bitterest' rival In the beauty business, you know. Didn't think he . should tell me before he told Valeska herself, but he's been slmply-.twlttery:'about vlndlng • up. hla affairs and at the same'time trying to hold the tidings rack; Wls'» he'd- choked on' 'eiri 1" "That explains the valedictory Ir!"- • ' • i ' • • ' "And there's more to come. "'Lean on this, Blnks. He has a wife and Ive daughters!" "But what has this to do with me?" nqulred Linda dramatically. , "He hasn't shown signs f>f a guilty passion for me, If that's what you're hinting. Considers useless and exasperating a person as, he ever enow," "You wrong him. JHIs passion Isn't guilty—but he confesses shyly to 'a irarm affection'—that's the exact term—for your charming self." "What? lie can't bear me!" "Every word true." •T like to see him look at someone he really did detest," remarked Linda emphatically. "When I think of the gloomy, disapproving looks I have been getting—Can you prove It?" may say some sus- RANDOM NOTES Q. Who appoints the poet laureate of England?—M. A. A. He Is appointed by the king. chuckled. "But It's heavenly, to think he'll buy,the house. Oh, but, Tom— won'.t this put him off?" • "Not at all. I said that, after all, a murder had been committed here:—" "I suppose you had to. What did h« say?" "That capped the climax.. Positively beamed and rubbed his hands together with gloating, and glqe. 'That, Mr. Averlll, makes the place'more Interesting. I like working out problems of all sorts—never had a murder one before. If you'd told me about It, I could have helped you, I know. Anyhow, the house where all this happened will always have a special Interest for me! 1 Well, ; I couldn't contradict that!" ..'... "He could have helped you— -1 But didn't he see ho was a suspect?" "Heard mo say It, over and over, but hover did take It in. Passed it over Indulgently each time as a. delusion of. the weak-minded. Ho hum! Blnks, I'm actually sleepy!" ..' She yawned luxuriously. "So'm I. think I'll take a shower and go to bed." "Absolutely. The way he behaved when, you questioned him. He thought, you .thought • Cousin Amos committed suicide. That was why he kept ducking the subject, while you of course thought that he saw you were hinting at murder. He tried to set your mind at rest, to make you believe It was simply an accident. I gather that none of the six Stat- lander females would question anything he asserted." "Then ho straightened the railings so they wouldn't suggest Cousin Amos? I never would have given him credit for so much consideration!" ' "Well—" Tom's mouth twitched. "There was another reason, too, Blnks. His new job will be In New York. He heard me 'telephoning—™ place Is for sale—" • "A great light breaks! That's why he asked so many questions—?" "And looked up fireplaces—" "And wanted to know how many servants It took to run it." "He calculates on having just one. He says all six Statlander females are handy about the house." "They'll have to be!" "So you see the place was already In his mind's eyer and he was Just tidying up his own property when he fixed the railings." "But why did he look away?" "There we did surprise a guilty secret. He was no end fussed when Shauglyiessey popped that out. You know his line about climbing Rockies and Himalayas and the rest?" "Was It all a fake?" "No, he did It all right—but years ago. He developed that kind of phobia that can't endure heights— wants to Jump off and all that. Of courso he's a nut on his physical prowess, but as far as climbing goes he lives on past glories. Even the balcony upset him." "I'll bet he was mad!" Linda Q. A. What Is aerated bread?—W. B. Aerated bread Is made by charg- CHILDREN AT WORK W ASHINGTON dispatches disclose that child labor laws are having major ai- tenlion from State legislators now in session throughout the country, due to agitation by social welfare workers based upon conditions said to have developed by reason of long-continued economic depression. It is pointed out that two-dollar a week jobs have become not "uncommon," and that many workers who earn that munificent wage are children. Among other things the lawmakers ure hearing is that about 2,000,000 boys and girls under 18 years of age are now gainfully There ought to be a law! How frequently that appears to be the easiest way out of any human difficulty is again emphasized by the demand now reported from Budapest, where the harassed husbands of bridge-playing matrons have rebelled in unison and called upon the government for action. The dispatches disclose that as many wives are much more interested in "grand slams" than in housekeeping, the Minister of Justice is formulating a law forbidding women-to play- bridge or operate bridge "parlors" for profit. Tens of thousands of irate spouses have signed the petition, asking that their domestic difficulties be taken in hand by the authorities. And it is intimated that the Minister of Justice was wholly sympathetic with their plea, since he was not entirely without personal knowledge of the discord which too I much bridge bus introduced into the once j happy homes of Budapest citizens. And so .there is to be a law! ing the water used for wetting the dough with carbon dioxide (gas), then working It up In enclosed Iron or vacuum kneading machines ' and putting It directly into the oven, Instead of allowing the gas to form in the dough from the fermentation caused by the working of yeast. Q. How thin can gold be hammered out?—W. B. T. A. Tho thinnest sheets known to have been mechanically made of gold are 0.00001 millimeters thick. This would Indicate that If a cubic centimeter of gold could be hammered out to the same thickness It would cover 100,000,000 centimeters, or 100 square meters, equivalent to about 120 square yards. Q. To what political party did Abraham Lincoln belong before the formation of tho Republican party?— P. V. A. He was a Whig. Q. Please mime some naturalized American citizens who became famous. —A. P. A. There are so many only a few can be named. James J. Davis, U. S. Senator and former Secretary of Labor. Wales; Jacob Gould Huhurman, former American Ambassador to Germany. Canada: Mary Antln Gratrau, author, Russia; John McOormack, Klnger, Ireland! James Couzenw, U. S. Senator from Michigan, Canada; Saimiel Gompors, lato labor leader, Kngland; Franltlln 1C. Lane, late secretary of the interior, Canada; Davlil W. Paris, former governor of Idaho, Wales; Charles T'. Stelnmetz, electrical engineer, Germany. Qinitleni written by rtidert tf The Cillitfnltii, nMrnsei) u Dr. Fruk MiCw. IN ••utti' Ardmere wtiiue. LM Ameles, will k* MwtresJ. ImUu • lelf-aMm***- stuM tmtlfie. PREJUDICE IS A RESULT OF LIMITED INVESTIGATION nat enlarged tonsils can be cured by let. The old-fashioned doctor who ives drugs and tonics for those who re suffering from a defective diet vould change his opinion of what la good and bad In medicine if he studied ome of the newer discoveries regard- ng vitamins, mineral elements, and But will it be enforced? Thousands of determined wives emphatically answer that it can't be, and that attempts to interfere with their bridge games will result in an avalanche of "grand slams" that will shake government in Budapest to its foundations. Probably that threat should not be regarded lightly. Even superficial understanding of the fanatical devotion displayed by many bridge players to this modern pastime warns against loo hasty or loo radical action. For it is in the record lhat Iragedtes have been unacted across the card tables. Q. ITow many 'agentH and Investl- fc'atoi-H worn employed In enforcement of the national prohibition act during Its early enforcement?-—C. L. A. In 1920 MS people were tlniH employed. In 1021, only (108, but tho number then Increased year by year, until 1032 saw 2300 people on the pay roll. Q. Did Joe Miller actually write a Joke book?— N. L. A. He did not. Joseph Miller was a comic actor, whose nnme was at- tiu'hed, after his death, to a popular jest book, published In 1730. Q. At what time of year ure broiling and frying chiokens best? — A. T. A. Seasons for all poultry are being gradually extended, but generally speaking broilers — 1 to 2Vi pounds — are In market from May to October, H to 3% December. HouBtlng chickens — 3i4 to 5 pounds — are popular from September to January, whllo capons — J8 to 8 pounds — aro usually found In market In early spring. 'TOTHEN studying history we are often W Impressed with the fact that dur.- ing any era the prevailing customs of that time appeared to be quite natural to the people growing up in those sur-^ roundlngs. This knowledge brings to our attention the fact that we are apt to be tolerant of the things with which we are familiar and prejudiced against the things with which we have but little acquaintance. Tough human beings have In many respects advanced far beyond the uncultured days of the cave and tree dwellers, we still have far to go before we will be able to view facts In their true light without looking either through the rose-colored glasses of favoritism or the smoked glasses of prejudice. ' An original thinker is seldom understood in his day, although his, Ideas lead the way for those who follow. There Is a great deal of a tendency today to allow our- teachers, companions and authors to think for us; consequently, we are apt to regard some things as good and others as bad without seriously considering the facts of the case. The art of suggestion plays an Important part In our dally mental processes. On every hand, from billboards, magazines, newspapers, tho radio and evun In our public S9hools, we are constantly beset with suggestions of various kinds to Induce us to think or act In certain ways. Often these ttuggestlons are bono- flnlal, but sometimes they ure made with selfish motives and that Is tho reason why we should use our critical faculties to juclgo for ourselves. We uro so trained to bellove that some things are good u. r i<i others bad that it Is ono of the hardest things to realize that the things wo have thought bad may be good to others or under other conditions and that possibly, if wo had a better understanding of them, they would seem to us good and truo. TCvery prejudice that you hold in n little devil InHldo of you which will not only muko you ICIBH willing' to learn new truths, but will actually slowlj and surely undermine your health by creating pptsons In your systems as a result of emotions stirred up by Intol erance. The one whose viewpoint is obscured by ten prejudices has tei times as much poison generated In his system as the one who harbors only one. The only way tp overceme preju dire is to develop a better understand ing of the things upon which one ha made a hasty judgment. , One of the first steps Is to recognlzi ood combinations. Whenever you find yourself stub- >o#nly prejudiced on any .Qne 'subject, ook-Into it a little bit more and you may find out that you have not dls- 'jvered all of the truth about It. The ruth Is always very simple, but one f the main difficulties seems in >rushlng aside tho past conceptions and ideas and boldly Investigating the hlngs which are not yet understood. and frying chlcken pounds— from Juno to "Hurryup, Blnks—I want a .shower, too. Oh, say——1" she stopped In anticipation. "Sliaug-hnensey came clean. At the very end he mentioned casually how he happened' to be stirring round early that'morning." "How!" "The poor nut! You know he wasn't quite himself when he went up to bed. Seems he'd forgotten to wind his watch and It stopped at about 10. He rolled Into bed, slopt an hour or two, woke and found If light and looked at the watch. For all he says about how easily the Shaughnesseys carry their liquor I think ho was still a trifle muzzywltted. He thought you'd said 10 for breakfast, so he • lept up. and dressed and beat It for the house " "I had locked tho door — force of habit, for I hadn't the faintest recollection afterward of doing it. He tried it—still thinking the time was the middle of tho morning. Thought we'd forgotten to unlock It. He figured we'd be In tho dining room or on the terrncu and camo around that end of thp -house, expecting to find us waiting for him. First thing he sees is the empty lawn, then me sprinting up and Cousin Amtm on the terrace. "From then on, you know the rest. Of course It was Just plain contrariness that kept him from telling us this when we asked him." " Emerging a few moments later from the shower, Linda continued where they had left off. "Did you say anything about the shirt? I hope you kept that dark!" "I meant to, but. by now It's growp to be an epic. He wouldn't have missed telling about it and tho episode of kissing Itosle—-he let's himself gp on that theme. He didn't go into what kept him from, the dance the rest of the time. Some other amorous adventure which he's probably forgotten by now." "Now, hurry, Tom!" she mocked as he started off, but he was impervious to the satire and soon emerged, his mind, too, still on the subject. "One thing I did enjoy," he added with a chuckle of reminiscent glee, "was my curtain speech." As It happened, they all came upstairs separately and I accompanied each one, just to be sure everything was o. k. In your absence. The careful host, that's me." "Well?" "Well, when I said good night each one made a little speech about how nerve-wracking It must have been and how well I'd behaved—sort of. back- patting, you know. .But It made me sore because each one Implied .that, so far as he was concerned, It was much ado about nothing. It'd been a brave sort, of nitwit, you see, where any sensible man would have'-known at once that particular person was Innocent. It Irritated me each time bo- cause I knew they all did behave bod- (iW. OiMfoVnliri.' th',-1933);,••"£•'•*••''. . Charles, Chaplin and'Pola/Nei/rf ar» at the'Hot el Srtrrtarkand, "Santa Barbara, ' '••••' ••'•• ," : '.'••• ! Virginia'. .Voorhles watf a guest, of the' Actacl Camp .Fire. girls during a hike to Olldale. • •' Miss Lotta Harris will give a violin concert Monday night under the nuar- pices of the Woman's; Club. A. school child here, told'his grandmother his teacher had died and asked for.a dollar with which' to buy flowers. The small.'boy ]\<66k the' dollar and bought a''. atntuF" 1 cannon. .Two months., later' word "of '.her "death" reached'the. teacher, ' • Jean .McNaughton, Irish , dancer, will*appear here •with' the'Irish band during Its concert. The Califprnlan Newsies defeated ' the city.spccer team, 1 to 0,' here.' TWENTY YEARS AGO , (Thu Cullfornlsn,, tills dale,. 1010) Mrs. H. E. Mattson and her sr>n Raymond, have returned from a San Francisco visit. ,.-••• Mrs. L. E. Nelson •flflll entertain .members of tho Congregational Aid Society. • .'" » Indications .are -that the city is In for' heavy rains within a short while. The wish is also the thought. A. W. Marlon, justice, of the peace, was, given a .surprise party by ' his friends. ' •. • • • Coach Griffith is putting his basketball team through hard practice. Mrs. L. Semorlle has returned after a Taft visit. THIRTY YEARS AGO HSifc Oallfortilin, this date, 1003) Numerous changes are being ordered in the course of a'tudy for primary 'schools here. * The average dally .' attendance in Kern City schools is snort 380 pupils. The land, company, has given permission -for' the extension of Oak street thrdu^h its prpperty. .' The Womah's Club' is' planning a niuslcale fbT'Wedhesda'y. • It will be given In Library hall. » The Held trials being held here . f pr the best hunting dogs on the Pactllo coast have as fine a setting as It is possible to And In the . region of tho Gosford-Canfleld ranch, eight miles out of the city. Marital 'happiness is not a matter of sentiment,'but-a'matter of knowledge, • Ideals and ethical control.— Professor Albert E. Bailey, dean of Butler University (Indianapolis, Ind.) extension division. announcing course In matrimony. The happiest people -on the farms, I believe, are the peopje who have gone to the farms frdm'.the cities.— Henry Stern,, Kansas City, Mo., after a year's research of farm conditions In Kansas and'Missouri. Competition" has .long passed the point at which Its maximum benefits are achieved.—A. C. Ernst, head cf Ernst & Ernst, national' accounting firm. . Women are likely to develop hairy legs and chests If they continue'to bob their hair.—Dr.. Bruno Oetteklng, professor of anthropology at Columbia University. ' . Our economists arid most of the bankers have known .long since Versailles that the vast 1 sums of reparations and debts could not be paid.— Dr. Francis D. Tyson, professor of» economics, University of .Plttsburg. ly and there was.plenty 'of 'reason for suspecting each one." "They did arid there was," agreed Linda. "Hope you rubbed It In!". "Well, not exactly that. But when the speech was over—In each case—I thanked him, shook hands solemnly, and said, ' 'Good night. I'm glad it's over safely—but let this be ri. lesson to you. Never lose your temper! THE END the fact that any one person canno poHslMy know everything about everj subject and the reason somethln seams wholly bad Is because one' knowledge of that subject is limited. Tho manful sciuntlst who rrltlclzeH tho uurguon IIU.H hud but little experience In the operating room. Tho aurgoon who promiscuously removes tonulltf, would surely not do BO if he had thq experience of tuo dietician who known QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Whole Wheat to Allay Hungar QUESTION: M. W. I. writes: "A >art of my duty is to help solve un- mployment food problems. For many rears I have been familiar with your work and am now looking for menus hat will gfve variety to a whole wheat diet as the chief basis of food for those e.d by the public. I intend to give he poor a chance for wheat-at abso- ute cost. About what proportion of a diet should whole wheat be? I shall deem It a favor to the hungry If you vlll give 'me some variations and suggested additions to the proposed wheat relief diet." ANSWER: In order to supply enough nroteln from wheat for one day it would be necessary to use at east fourteen ounces of .the dry grain >er person. Wheat IB decidedly acid 'orming and It Is a wise policy to In- iludo Some of the nonstarchy vege- nhles in the diet to balance this defect. I would suggest that vegetable stew be used In addition to the basis wheat dishes. I think your idea of using wheat to satisfy the hunger Is an excellent plan. Some tlmo ago, while lecturing, I suggested that the unemployed use regular house to house canvass selling the entire grain whffat in five-pound bags together with a leaflet giving methods of preparing it. Few people know that the entire un- ground grain makes a delicious dish If soaked over night and boiled until the kernel breaks down. It can be served with canned cream and stewed fruit quite economically. Pollomytlltlt QUESTION: Mrs. Garland F. writes: "I am convalescing from poliomyelitis and would like to know if llght-complexloned people are more susceptible to this or other diseases." Technocrats accuse the steel Industry of holding life-long' razor blades off tho market .to.keep. up. the demand; but they can't bring that charge against the styptic pencil boys. When it conies to 'holding back Improvements to keep sales clicking It must have taken our best minds years to keep cigarette lighters from lighting. . . VIEWPOINT OF THE READERS EDITOR'S NOTE: Th« Ctllfornltn will print l«ttor» from readers. Such letters muit b« confined to ICO words, written legibly uid on one side of the piper. They muit be boni- fldely ilxned by the writer with complete /d- dreii glren. which will bo publlihed. No •nonyraous communication will be printed. Thli li emphatic; The Cellfornlan restrict the right to (eject any or all manuicrlpti and li nut responsible for sentiments contained thtreln. Charity never seems sweeter than when you enter it In the exemption column on an income tax return. Oklahoma sanitary inspectors smashed 18,594 cracked dishes they found In eating places In the state. It's things like that 'that, make pharmacists mad. • . Let's hope tho country gets straightened out on technocracy pretty soon so that everyone can get down once more to debatlng'pro and con on •daylight saving. Already some folks 'are finding that their .New Year resolutions • won't dold water. A THOUGHT ANSWER: I 'do not know, that llght-complexloned people are any more susceptible to this disease than others, but their skin Is a little thinner and they axo sometimes more susceptible to certain skin disorders. qi»itltm written by renters ef- The Cilll.r- mdrestM U Or. FrMk H.Cey, rishinie «Bulldlii|. Lee AMelti. will fce in-,, ivired. : ImltH ull-tMrtiiid ituiHtf mtleie. But when Jesus saw It, he was much displeased, and'iald unto them, Suffer the little children to corns unto me, and forbid them not; for of luoh lithe kingdom of God.—St. Mark 10:14. -....*•.• There never was. any heart .truly great, and generous .that was .not also tender and compassionate.—South. AUSTRALIAN RADIUM SOLO All the radium' produced at Mount Painter, South Australia, the only radium field In-the British Umpire, has been Bold. Jn novon months' work 280 oubln millimetres of radium were produced from ulx tons of ore. The yjeld was delivered in •,' seven tubes, each abput a quarter.';of an inch long and about as UUolt an a Jeud peucJl, OPTIMISM AND HOPE Editor The Californian: As I reflect on the past few years, I realize how much we have learned in that time. From a carefree people, whose sole thought was of self and pleasure, we have begun to get our feet 'on the ground again, with that old fighting spirit that says, "We've never been whipped 'yet, and we aren't whipped now." The marjority of us are starting the new year rather poor'in money,, but richer in courage and spirit, richer In the will to do and richer In the appreciation for small blessings. This Is one reason why wo are better off. • The.election IB over and as always Is the case, not all are satisfied, but wo should all be true American* and pbt partisan antagonisms aside tu work together for the common good of all. ... > The ' hoarding of currency has stopped 'and more than a quarter billion dollars that him'been hidden away Is now back in active circulation. The Reconstruction Finance Corporation has put an end to the many bank failures. The Home Loan Banks are In operation to' liquidate Indebtedness on homes. The people are more optimistic and have greater confidence In the future. All this and much more, of which space and time prevents writing, loeku good for the beginning of I93U. However, there remain many enormous problems to 'solve. The cost of government must come down or taxes will completely destroy Initiative in earning and the desire to own a home. Crime and racketeering and their financial support, bootlegging, must be eliminated. The army of vagabond children, now roaming V ver tne country, because they cannot bo supported at (Mime, must ije_ taught the responsibility of —, - — we know* by Its common . name, ''War," must forever be abolished. Our children must be taught »• new • use pf their leisure time, our schools must -be made safer, our highways safer. We must have legs fol da rol* In education and more sincerity In religion. These are -not problems that 'will solve themselves, but we of this new era will have to .doul with them. we were getting soft, mentally, morally and physically, but 'ulnae tlioso past few yearn of strifo. wu uun sob rnpre claurv and have more courage. ' to combat tho evils of our race, Now wo ehtor the new your, frith confidence, optimism and hope. ••-• -'MRS. ELIZABETH* A. WOOD. Walkers Basin. • , - , j|tizenshlp. , International crime, which it;

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