Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan on June 2, 1965 · Page 4
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Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan · Page 4

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Wednesday, June 2, 1965
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FOUR IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN WEDNESDAY, JUNE 2..1.M1 IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE "Tht Doily Glob* It an Indeptndent newtpaptr, supporting what 1t belitwes to b« right and opposing what it believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and Impartially." -Unwood I. Noyts, Editor and Pubtishe. 1927-1964. Mrs. linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher The ILO Conference The United States support of the Interna- tiona] Labor Organization is not well understood in this country. Although this country is party to only seven of the ILO's 122 conventions—there are also more than 100 recommendations—U.S. administrations of both parties have not stinted in lending full backing. The ILO structure is tripartite, each nation sending to its annual conferences a delegation in which government, employers and workers are equally represented. The two government delegates from the United States at the 49th Conference in Geneva next month are George L-P Weaver, Assistant Secretary of Labor for International Affairs, and George P. Delaney, special assistant to the Secretary and Coordinator of International Laljor Affairs. They were nominated bv the Secretaries of State and Labor. Workers are represented by Ralph Faupl. international representative of the International Association of Machinists, nominated by the AFL-CIO. Employers are represented by Uichard Wagner, consultant for the Champliu Petroleum Company, nominated by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce. The National Association of Manufacturers used to participate in choosing the manage m cut representatives, but of late has been strongly critical of ILO as "socialistic." However, Wagner, then Chamber of Commerce president, in 1961. as emplover delegate asserted: "In the battle against totalitarian ideologies, free world representation—particularly U.S. employers and workers—did an t.\cellent job of putting the Communists on the defensive." The ILO observed its 45th anniversary last Oct. 29, the date on which in 1919 U.S. Secretary of Labor William B. Wilson opened the first international labor conference in the ornate assembly hall of the Pan American Union in Washington. The United States convoked but did not take part in that conference because of the political battle over U.S. entry Into the League of Nations. The United States did not join ILO until 1934. The ILO became a specialized agency ol the United Nations in 1946. It now has 114 member nations. The United States holds that most ILO conventions are irrelevant to us; standards here ulready are higher than those the TLO is trying to get adopted in other nations. This nation is not a party to the ILO forced labor conventions, even though it was the American Federation of Labor which in 1947 suggested to the U.N. that its Economic and Social Council and ILO jointly undertake a comprehensive survey of forced labor in member countries. vVhen the U.S. Senate was debating the Bricker Amendment in 1953, Secretary of State Dulles pledged that this government would be party tc no treaties covering subjects, including labor, that are primarily the concern of states. The agenda at Geneva embraces employment of young persons in mines of all kinds, employment of women with family responsibilities, agrarian reform, and the role of cooperatives in economic and social development of emergent countries. The U.S. support is best characterized by former President Eisenhower, who asserted "The ILO is providing a model of cooperative action," and by former President Kennedy, who said "The ILO has made and is making a great contribution to the cause of human betterment." More to Beauty Than Meets Eye Most people will support President Johnson's plan to beautify and protect the "scenic corridor"— the area within the line of sight of the nation's highways. More and more Americans will be using the new interstate freeways in coming years, driving quickly and conveniently to parts of the country they might not otherwise nave visited, feeing new landscapes and works of nature they might not otherwise have had the opportunity to enjoy. The dumps, the junkyards, the blatant billboards will be banned from the purview of the traveling motorist. None of the ugly artifacts and discards and by-products of an industrialized and urbanized civilization will be be allowed to mar the estheic quality of the passing scene. But out of sight should not be allowed to mean out of mind, for it will not necessarily mean out of existence. The ugliness will not bu so visible, but it will, too often, remain. It is easy today to drive into our large cities on the broad backs of throughways that slice with surgical directness through congested, run-down sections—and forget that the slums still fester beyond the antiseptic right of way. It is easy to cruise a modern freeway that arcs with engineered effortlessness across the green countryside—and forget that the quiet stream in the distance may be fetid with the effluvia of town and factory or that the pleasant grove of trees may screen the raw wounds of land raped for its minerals and then abandoned. Beautification of the highway vista is important because it is along the roads that so much of our 20th-century ugliness springs up, but it is only one skirmish in the administration's war on ugliness. Other fronts involve the preservation and protection of untouched green spaces and waterlands and the restoration of those that have become derelict, ending stream and river and air pollution, finding some new use or method of disposal for the mountains of scrapped automobiles whose metal new steel- making processes have rendered surplus. Americans must care not only for the quality of the land they can see from the highways but also that which they may never see or visit or reside upon. "Beauty was here and man has destroyed it to a great extent," says Anthony Celebrezze, secretary of health, education and welfare. "The question is how we can change mail's behavior to restore beauty." Requiem for the States By lohn Chamberlain The state of Oregon has a scenic area board which has performed yeoman service in keeping billboards from screening out many magnificent views along local highways. On the Atlantic side of the continent, the Pennsylvania Itoadside Council, Inc., maintains a gently inexorable pressure on industries and legislative committees to keep the billboard blight from scarring some of the more beautiful reaches of Appalachia. But not all the states are blessed with organizations, whether public or private, that are capable of spreading Lady Bird Johnson's gospel of natural beauty. And so we have the President calling upon Congress to use the federal power to ban billboards and auto junkyards along highways that receive federal- aid grants of money. In the matter of supporting clean boxing, the city of Los Angeles exercised its good sense to keep the Clay-Liston duo from a fizzle on California soil. And Massachusetts finally managed to throw "both of them bums" (Two- ton Tony Galento's elegant characterization) out of the city of Boston before they could desecrate the place where the American revolution, a real fight, began. But the state of Maine was conned into accepting the bout, and the mill town of Lewiston saw all of sixty-odd seconds of activity. And so we have a sudden •;urge of interest in the bills introduced bv Sen. Philip A. Hart of Michigan and Representative John Varick Tunney of California (ex-champ Gene Tunney's son) to put boxing in the U.S. under federal control. It is in this way that the states, because of the few weak links in the chain, lose ground in their efforts to keep control of their own destinies. Whether the ninth and tend) amendments to the Constitution, which leave such "non-enumerated" matters as the right freely to advertise and the right to stage boxing matches up to the states and the individual citi- eens thereof, should be overridden by federal billboard, junkyard and boxing legislation is probably beside the point in our pragmatic age. The fact is that if one o.r two states behave in benighted fashion, nobody really cares very much if the ninth and tenth amendments are •hoved to one side in order (o get effective re- sults on a national scale. The Hart-Tunney boxing law will probably go through—and President Lyndon Johnson would be doing a most popular thing if he were to lasso Jim Farley (who seemed overflowing with vim and vigor at his 77th birthday party the other day) to serve as the first federal boxing commissioner, or czar. Jim was head of the New York State Athletic Commission in the golden age of sport hick in the nineteen twenties, when sitzfleisch artists such as Sonny Listen would have been hooted out of contention before they ever applied for a boxing permit. Jim might not want to take on an onerous federal job at his age, but those of us who are old enough to remember the sagacity with which the New York law was administered in the palmy days when he and William Muldoon, the Iron Duke, were in charge of things, thinlc it would be a fitting compliment to give him the refusal of the office. As for the Johnson anti-eyesore bill, it will no doubt go through, too. But roadside blight will offer a much tougher enemy than the Liston horizontal circus. Cleaning up billboards on federally-supported highways may be feasible, but those automobile graveyards will be something else again. Any writer who has tried to cleanup his desk knows all about the problems involved. You move the papers and the books and the scratchpads from the desk to the table, or to a few extra chairs, and the eyesore has merely shifted its locale bv a few feet. And soon the desk is cluttered with the next wave of junk. There is an outfit in Los Angeles—The RPH Company—which makes a cast breaker that can demolish old automobile blocks as if they were so many walnuts. In eleven minutes flat this cast breaker can bust six cylinder blocks into «mall chunks of scrap iron that are ready to be used in making the next round of steel'at any mill. Unfortunately, however, the mills aren't using so much scrap these days; it is cheaper and easier to handle newly-mined ore. So where to put busted cylinder blocks? If you have an idea, tell Lady Bird Johnson about it. She \vauls to know. . Berry's World don'* you stop talking about ffce Vjjjht-to-work' lows, and go out and find a job?/ Today in National Affairs By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON — Congress is supposed to represent all the people. But many of the members in both houses owe their election last November in large part to the votes and funds contributed by labor union members. Will some new pressure groups now be formed to reflect dramatically the wishes of the many citizens who feel they are unrep- resented today? For apparently one of the most effective ways to influence government nowadays is to carry on organized demonstrations, "sit - ins," boycotts and picketing. It is being suggested, therefore, that a movement may be organized for a different kind of civil-rights crusade to remove various forms of discrimination which have not hitherto been dramatized but which are causing plenty of resentment. Indeed, a "march on Washington," for instance, may even be needtd to attract widespread attention to the grievances of those workers who may lose their civil rights under proposed laws which would compel union membership as the price of a job. This type of event is wid e 1 y covered by the press, television and radio. It constitutes a spectacular means of getting nationwide publicity for a cause. Also, it seems to be an effective way to win a majority in Congress. "Demonstrations" could develop also by reason of another grievance which is likely to grow in intensity. It concerns the power of the federal government to coerce the residents of an area by withholding certain projects that would bring federal funds to their respective states. This penalizes innocent peop 1 e in the state as well as those who believe they are entitled to freedom of choice in dealing with whomever they please in business. If the citizens do not conform, the federal government has a big stick which it can employ. Not only can federal contracts running into billions of dollars be cancelled, but military bases and other installations can be removed wherever racial difficulties arise. Not all the disturbances and disputes involving the use of coercive power by the federal government are confined to the south. "Civil rights" groups in Cleveland, Ohio, for exam p 1 e, asked the government to cancel a $32-million contract for the construction of a new federal building ir. that city because, It was alleged, labor unions on the project discriminate against Negroes. Even assuming that the charge were true, the proper way to get redress against discrimination is through the legal channels of the civil-rights law and not through an arbitrarily imposed penalty that affects innocent persons in the community who would be deprived of jobs because of the cancellation of such a contract. The civil-rights law, in general terms, does authorize the cut ting off of federal aid to public projects where racial discrimination is found. In the elev e n states of the south, this aid amounts to more than $3 billion a year. There are many specific ways by which the power of the federal government now can be asserted. The potent weapons include the withholding of funds for highways, relief, urban renewal, low-rent public housing, publ i c- health services, surplus-food and school-lunch programs, and many other activities involv j n g grants and loans. Much of the power is discretionary and could mean arbitrary action. The issues involved in the exercise of this authority have never been fully debated. Does the federal government, for example, have the power to punish persons who themselv e s are not guilty of discrimination? Can it use taxpayers' money as the means of forcing individuals lo conform to rules which are not explicitly set forth in federal laws? May the federal government develop its own weap o n s of coercion, irrespective of whether they are equitable or whether they do damage to innocent men, women and children whose lives,, directly or indirectly, may be affected? The Constitution, of course, forb i d s "curel and unusual pun i s h - menls." All this perhaps adds up to the importance of another type of "civil rights" movement with new '-demonstrations," particularly of a "non-violent" character. Its aim would be to persuade millions and millions of voters, who may not have thought these things through, that federal coercion means less, instead of more, freedom in America and that the way to cure discrimination is not by force but by the processes of reason and community effort, as well as laws that would provide citizens with redress agai n s t abuses in the application of "civil rights" regulations. (Copyright, 1965, New York Herald Tribune Inc.) The National Whirligig meleeea* fe* MeClare Newepaper ajrndlMtel By ANDREW TULLY WASHINGTON — It was not merely a smelly little affair in a State of Maine sports arena, but a sign of the times, and a warning of what lies ahead as the Negro strives to take his rightful place in society. Cassius Clay and Sonny Liston don't really matter of themselves. Clay is a mixed-up, loudmouthed fool who would have been laughed out of the gym in the big days of the Demp- seys and the Joe Louises. Liston Is a surly, illiterate and possibly cowardly oaf whose heart is filled with unreasoned hate and whose past is of more than cursory interest to the police. It is not particularly Important that they got rich under false pretenses. / o 0 * DAMAGE TO NEGRO — What matters is that they have done damage to the Negro at an hour when the Negro has seemed to be at the zenith of his aspirations. Clay and Liston may have been the willing tools of a conspiracy to defraud, but from society's longer viewpoint it is of deeper signficance that they were a conspiracy's victims. Their experience is an omen of what will happen all over the country if white exploiters- politicians and fast-buck operators-are permitted to own and operate the Negro's new and hard-won franchise. Prizefighting today is in the hands of men who promote it just as the Capones triggered their machine guns for a dollar. O ft it USED PUBLIC PROPERTY- These "promoters" made millions from the Lewiston fiasco, while government not only stood by but encouraged their legal thuggery. The sordid spectacle not only was beamed into movie theaters across the country, but carried to Europe by a satellite system devised and built with billions of taxpayers' dollars. The fight, to employ a euphe- rr.: i, was private property, and yet Washington permitted its owners to use public property to wring the last penny of profit from its exploitation. No special gift of imagination Business Mirror By SAM DAWSON AP Business News Analyst NEW YORK (AP) — If th< honeymoon of the Johnson ad ministration and business fadei is needed to see beyond t h e it mignt weU be due to govern Clay-Liston mess. With the Ne- ment>s new tool for mnuencini gro on the threshold of full economic behavior — guide exercise of his voting rights, i i mes . . the mob is ready to take over They m bemg appM , tt prices, wages, investments ant bartklng practices. They aw the sell him down the political river. ft ft ft NEGRO VOTE POLITICIAN'S TARGET — In some Southern states, Negroes outnumber undergoing their first big test right now. Guidelines join the traditioinal white voters. Their vote is a government tools of taxes. Sub prize the politicians will be sidies, and supervising agen- fighting for. Bobby Kennedy cies. All art used to shape th« has shown that a mail may trans- economy more or less. fer his political career to another state and get elected to the United States Senate. Other politicians, .white and Negro, will be missing the cynical boat if they don't follow the Ken! nedy example and move to the South to reap a Negro vote ripe on the vine. As it now stands, practically Opposition to the new tool of guidelines is rising, in some business and banking quarters as well as in some labor unions. One example is .in steel. Labor objects to government's saying it should ask so much arid no more to avoid inflation. Management resents government saying how much it could raise any citizen who can scrawl an wages without increasing X on ballot will be permitted prices. And any. government to vote, in the South, where censurte of steel price increases the Negro has been underpri- j brings angry replies from some vileged and underdeveloped for! steel executives, two centuries, hundreds o f I Government guidelines as an thousands of illiterates can be influence on economic decisions herded to the polls by demagogs] differ from other tools In.sever- whose only aim is personal politi- j al ways. By definition they rest cal gain. The fair-cut "liberal"!on voluntary compliance. I who can't win in the North will! They are implemented; to a merely move to Dixie and pro-'large degree by exerting pres- mote the Negro vote as N i 1 o n! sure of public opinion. And and Co. promoted Clay and Lisi ton. ft ft ft OWN WORST ENEMY — This is not to say that the Negro ! should not be protected from they usually carry at least an implied threat that if business doesn't follow the guidelines, government may step In and impose controls. The moral that government himself. Two pathetic gladiators; hopes management and labor named Cassius and Sonny h a ve; will grasp is that voluntary shown that the man with black • compliance to guidelines of skin can be his own worst i enemy. But in both prizefighting ! and politics, it is government's duty to stand between the Negro and those who would use what Washington thinks is best for the economy is preferable to controls or direct penalties. Business takes all of the government's economic tools into him again as they have used him before. The Washington Scene Record of the Past 10 YEARS AGO —Temperatures: High 72, low 56 Walter Lepisto, who is supervisor of sports in the department of parks and recreation of Los Angeles County, Calif., is the general chairman of the National Public Parks and Playgrounds Junior Tennis Championships, which will be played in Arcadia County Park, Arcadia, Calif . . . Ironwood Red Devils finished in 10th place in the Class B division of the Upper Peninsula Memorial Relays held Monday night at Marquette. 20 YEARS AGO —Temperatures: High 39, low 32 ... So you think this weather is tough and you never heard of such a thing before as snow in June? When T. L. McKevitt met a Dally Globe reporter on S u f folk street this morning he said: "Thirty years ago we had a worse snow storm than this on June 9 and June 24, you had to wear an overcoat." . . . .The Suomi college sewing club of St. Paul's Lutheran Church will meet in the church "parlors on Monday evening, June 4. Timely Quotes I doubt very much that the courts would accept a case in which someone was trying to force the President to reveal information he felt should not be revealed. —Norbert Schlei, of the Justice Dept., on a proposed freedom of information bill. What we want to see is the establishment of constitutional governments. We would like to have our neighbors in the Latin Americas take on the responsibility of international peace among their neighbors. —Vice President Humphrey. Ironwood Daily Globe Published evening!, except Sunday* by Glob* Publishing Company, 118 E. McLeod Ave.. Ironwood, Michigan. Established Nov. 20, 1919, (Ironwood News-Record acquired April 16 1991; tronwood Tlmea acquired May 93. IBM.) Second clan postage paid at Ironwood, Michigan. MEM RE* OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press la entitled exclusively to the use (or republeitlen ol all the local news printed In this newspaper, as well as all AP news dispatches. Member ol American Newspaper Publishers Association, Intersmeriean Press Association, Inland Dally Press Association^ Bureau of Advertising, Michigan Press Association. Audit Bureau of Circulations. Subscription rates: By mall within a radius ol ao miles—per year, $9: six months, IS; three months, 13; one month, $1.50. No mall subscriptions sold to towns and locations where carrier service Is maintained. Elsewhere—per year. $18; one month. It SO All mnll subscriptions payable In advance. By carrier, $20.80 per year in advance; by t the week. e» tent*. By BRUCE BIOSSAT WASHINGTON — (NBA) — South Africa's business reports show a steady stream of new industrial investment flow i n g toward the big cities which are the heart of the country's immense racial problems. A new auto engine plant is set for Port Elizabeth. Near Pretoria an auto factory will go up. Cape Town gets a ball point pen plant. The construction industry in Johannesburg is hard-pressed to meet demand. Last year South Africa's imports shot up 23 per cent over 1963, while exports were climbing just 6.4 per cent. A sizable part of the import figure represented capital goods investment linked with expansion. Manpower requirements in the large cities are so great that Job Reservation, the once rigid legal formula limiting the job categories the black population can enter, is being relaxed. Concerned that this trend might accelerate, the South African government has lured 100,000 white immigrants to the country in the last few years. It has now established a goal of 50,pOO white immigrants a year, and is encouraging Europe a n s and others to come. •ft ft ft In an interview, Ambassador H. L. T. Taswell talked hopefully to me of greatly increased reliance on automation to help fill the manpower- gap. The new engine plant will feature much automated equipment. Economically, things are moving upward so fast the government even talks of slowing them down. Last year's heavy imports drew down the nation's reserves a little. Taswell says a 5 per cent annual rate of growth looks more desirable than 1964's astonishing 11 per cent. •Yet, viewed from the outside against the inescapable b a c k- drop of its racial separat i o n (apartheid) policies, the country seems engaged in a desperate race with time and counter vailing worldwide trends. While the big cities boom and the government presses economic decentralization to provide underpinning for the big "black reserves" which are central to the apartheid policy, the Bantu blacks around the urban centers have risen 15 per cent in numbers in just three years. As noted, they are find i n g their way into job categories heretofore denied to them This inward flow and spread goes on apace at the very time the government seems to be earnestly committing itself more and more heavily to the effort to steam and then reverse the tide. a a * Some veterans of the 8 o u t h African scene question whether even the most dazzling industrial lures created in or near the black reserves will ever draw back large elements of the urban black population. Ripped loose from many of their tribal moorings, entice d by the attractons of modern, European-style cities, these nearly 3.1 million blacks stow little dl? position to movt. Prime Minster Verwoerd and his governing National Party assert that it will be at least a dozen years before real change Is perceptible. Critics in the opposition United party scoff at his timetable and say in parliamentary debate that the proposed great black trek- away from the cities will never occur. Even if industrial development in and near the blace reserves should provide a lure for urban blacks, skeptics cannot see how white-owned industries in the established cities can operate on a clearly expanding basis without continued heavy dependence on Bantu labor. The talk of white immigration and automation to fill the gap is regarded as a thin reed. ft ft ft Strong interest centers now on how well things proceed in the Transkei, the only Bantu homeland thus far given self-government and the attentions of an economic development corpo r a- tion. (South Africa retains control of foreign affairs, defen s e', and internal security.) One critic calls the Transkei showpiece a "very small and sickly mouse." Economic progress within this reserve—about the size of Denmark—has been slow, but government offici a 1 s say this is inescapable. Other reserves are not yet close to having their own legislators, though border industries planned'near some »of these may give them the beginnings of economic uplift. Another story altogether is what kind of separation policies South Africa may turn to in and around the big cities if its elaborate program for a system of Bal- kan-sytle black "nations within a nation" should fail. USE DAILY CiLOBE WANT-ADS account when making its decisions. Guidelines are now in the testing stage. Those aimed at wages and prices seek price stability from two approaches: 1. Labor costs should rise only as much as output per man-hour rises; 2. Prices should rise only in Industries where output per man-hour lags behind the national average and should fall in industries with greater than average productivity gains. Compliance runs up against the natural desire of workers for higher pay and of management for tailoring prices to demand and competition as well as to production costs. In the field of investments and banking, the government .guideposts have as goals: 1. Keeping long-term interest rates low enough to inspire economic growth; 2. Keeping U.S. dollars home, both by keeping short- term interest rates high and by getting corporations voluntarily to cut back on overseas investments and inducing banks to trim foreign loans. Here compliance has worked so far. But corporations grumble that over the long run their overseas investments would return more dollars in profits than they now cost in construction. And banks argue that much ol their overseas lending is to finance American exports which strengthen the U.S. dollar more than any lending can hurt it. A Daily Thought Do not be conformed to this world but be transformed by the renewal of your mind, that you may prove what is the will of God, what is good and acceptable and perfect. —Romans 12.2. Do not look back, and do not dream about the future. It will neither give you back the past nor satisfy your daydreams. Your duty, your reward—y our destiny —are here and now. —Dag Hammarskjold, for m e r U. N. secretary general. MINT SALE •BUY FOUR GALLONS OR QUARTS OF MOORGARD GET ONE EXTRA CAN... Works Wonders in One Coal! NEW LOW LUSTRE MoorGard Latex HOUSE -749 PAINT I •Offer good lor Limited Time only ERICKSON COLEMAN HARDWARE 219 Suffolk St. Ironwood Phone 9^2-3000

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