rout IRONWOOD DAHY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN TUESDAY, JUNE IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE "The Dolly Globe Is on Independent newspaper, »upporting what It believes to be right and opposing what it believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartially.* —Linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publish*, 1927-1964. Mrs. Linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher Steel This Week The nation's steel output this week will hold close to last week's 2.7 million ingot tons in spite of the Memorial Day holiday, Steel magazine said today. Some operations will be curtailed—those of Finishing mills, for example—but melting fur- laces will continue to turn out steel because of good order backlogs. May production is estimated at 11.9 million tons, bringing the total for the first five months of the year to about 60 million, a record. Last scar, 51,1 million tons were turned out in the First five months. It's signficant that mill leadtimes on most items are about as extended as they were at Hie start of May. Products in the "most wanted" category—such as plates, galvanized sheets, and construction steels—continue on allocation and are expected to remain so throughout the summer. Substantial casing in generally tight supply condition is not anticipated until a labor contract is signed. The graceful exit of David ]. McDonald from the presidency of the steel union served to clarify the labor situation, but it hasn't eliminated the probability of hard bargaining. The union is expected to press for contract increases at least close to the government's so- called guicleposts—about 13 to 15 cents an hour. At the same time, it's felt that management will maintain its position—a maximum of 2 per cent, or about 9 cents per hour. So long as labor uncertainty exists, steel consumers, particularly large ones like autobuild- ers, are not likely to allow large holes in their inventories to go unfilled for long. Ordering throughout the summer could be fairly steady, with consumers using steel as a last rate. Also possible: A sharp stepup in demand for steel on defense account. Military activity in Vietnam is already being reflected in steel markets. The government Is reportedly receiving more industry requests for help in getting materials on defense account. Significant tonnage of steel are already being taken for military construction and more will be needed on equipment account as replacements become necessary. Consumers continue to watch prices. Steelmen are moving slowly in effecting up- \vard adjustments. Evidence: A posted increase on stainless cold heading wire by several producers was rescinded. Some of the price caution arises from rising competition from foreign steel. Imports are pouring into this country for such large users as the automotive industry. Domestic steelmak- ers are concerned because substantial tonnage ol sheets—a relatively minor import product heretofore—are included. Abel Takes Office lorwith Wilbur Abel today took office of- fidajly as president of the United Steelworkers of America. This will clear the way for resumption of negotiations as the top level on a new labor contract in basic steel. Abel was elected in a Feb. 9 contest with in- cubent U.S.W. president David J. McDonald l:y a margin of 10,142 votes out of 600,000 cast. But the union's tellers didn't announce the results until late April. Meanwhile negotiations had stalled on the new contract. To avert a bargaining crisis, the union and the steel companies reached an interim understanding extending the present contract four months beyond its May 1 expiration—to Sept. 1. The industry agreed to guarantee its workers to minimum "down payment" of ll/'sc an hour toward a final settlement while negotiations for a complete agreement continued. Abel, 56, now has three months to work out a pact acceptable to his union's rank-ai id-tile. Any settlement will be examined for its in- flatioary possibilities. A special panel has reported to President Johnson that the steel industry could raise wages 3 per cent without raising the price of it products. Steel workers already are among the best paid in American industry and seem more concerned about job security and local, mill-level issues. The public is a third party to the negotiations; peace in steel is fundamental to a continuance of the nations economic expansion — now in its 52nd month. Thoughts on Space Amcica's Gemini space flight, scheduled for Thursday June 3, is supposed to test how, astronauts bear up under four days of weightlessness. The crucial test, however, would seem to be whether the American public can endure 97 hours and 50 minutes of unrelieved suspense, aggravated by a heavy diet of television and press coverage. NBC-TV is planning to cover the launching in living color. It plans 12 special programs ranging from 15 minutes to an hour at various times during the flight and will present a live special report immediately preceding the beginning of every program during the four days. 'Flie other network can do no less and may do more. It is to be hoped that President Johnson will not feel it necessary to ride vicariously with astranauts James A. McDivitt and Edward White on their 96 orbits of earth. The President already is sweating out U.S. bombing missions over North Viet Nam, and the added burden of space flight could prove deleterious to' a man of even his rugged constitution. Meanwhile, back in the capsule, the astronauts will be working feverishly to carry out the multitudinous tasks programmed for them. In the first Gemini flight last March, astronaut John Young displeased dyspeptic space scientists by sneaking aboard an unprogrammed bologna sandwich for fellow traveller Cus Grissom. This time NASA officials have provided a space larder featuring 49 different items, including shrimp cocktail and spaghetti.. But some of the scientists cling to te belief that machines in space are more predictable than man, and, thus, infinitely preferable. Odd how many folks with 20-20 eyesight c.ui't see a joke. Teen-age clamor girls can grow up to become whistle-age glamor girls. What About Waters Around Cuba? (Copyright 1MB, Kb>| Features Syndicate. Inc.I By John Chamberlaii The cancer in the Caribbean won't be cured by holding the fort against the Communists in the Dominican Republic. It will only be cured by dealing effectively with Fidel Castro. However, if anything is obvious, it is the fact that no frontal assault on Castro is contemplated in Washington. We have let Fidel off the hook. This column's most acute and helpful experts among the Cuban refugees have recently pulled up stakes in Miami and moved to Tulsa, Okla., which is mute testimony that they have given up hope of ever returning to Havana. Our sea blockade of Cuba isn't working; indeed, British exports alone to Havana have more than doubled in a year. And Castro, by all reports, has managed to get a big sugar ^crop. The world price of sugar isn't good (incidentally, this is behind much of the chaos in the Dominican Republic), but Castro at least has something to barter with the Soviet Union. If we haven't the will to deal directly with communism in Cuba, we could still take action of a type which would signal to Cubans that we aren't entirely oblivious to their troubles. We could, for example, use our navy in an open effort to make the Caribbean safe for anti-Castro refugees in international waters twelve — or even three-miles off the Cuban shore. The current estimates in Miami arc that only one out of four (10,000 out of 40,000) Cuban's trying to flee from the Fidelista paradise manages to make it by water to Florida or to the outlying Keys in the British Bahamas. Hopefully, the refugees set out in the flimsiest crafts, including rafts with makeshift sails. Far more often than not they are tracked down by Fidel Castro's Soviet-designed Lambda-738 or itnaller Russian-built vessels. These are •quipped with sonar devices, radio telephones •nd guns, and are often directed by helicopters and serviced by big Soviet trawlers. They make •n attempted escape by water from Cuba almost as dangerous as an effort to climb the Berlin Wall The United States entered World War I on WoodroWj Wilson's freedom of the seas issue, 4 If w« were to revive the tradition of sea free- dom, would Castro's Lambda-75S or the Soviet trawlers dare to interfere? Can you see Moscow challenging U.S. patrol boats and rescue craft il they were to establish a regular beat in international waters close to the 700-mile Cuban coastline? The truth would seem to be that Fidel's own navy is none too trustworthy, and might easily be intimidated. Several months ago scores of officers had to be discharged from the naval posts in the Cuban ports of Cienfuegos and Mariel because they were judged "politically unreliable." This was done at the insistence of Russians who were supervising naval construction at the two ports. Castro made a speech a month or so ago boasting that there were "no traitors" among his own armed forces. But the speech followed a report from Cuban underground.sources that a big conspiracy in the Cuban army of the west had been on the verge of success in March. The Castroite G-2 got wind of this in the nick of time. On March 13 thirty officers in Pinai Del Rio were jailed. Fifty lieutenants and captains were then picked up in Matanzas Province, and more were arrested in Oriente Province. Altogether, some 350 military and civilian conspirators were seized. There was no announcement of the averted military plot, but in April Castro said a spy ring had been uncovered, composed for the most part of Bap- list ministers. And forty medical doctors wen- arrested in Havana. Conspiracy in Cuba is extremely difficult because of the block-by-block security organization that is inseparable from Communist political organization. Nevertheless, there are mysterious shootings. There have been attempts on the lives of one of the Cuban economic planners, Carlos Rafael Rodriquez, and on Transport Minister Faure Gnomon: "Youth correction centers" have had lo be maintained, and in March fifteen students and five proles- sors were executed by firing squads. With such unrest inside Cuba, why is the U.S. so timid about extending seaward-side aid to refugees? ^ Keep Trying The Washington Scene By BRUCE BIOSSAT WASHINGTON — (NEA) —The inevitable grinding on of powerful, urbanizing economic forces is perhaps the greatest enemy today of South Africa's controversial policy of racial separation (apartheid). The constant critical battering from disapproving nations may have had more effect in producing modifications of that policy than the South African gov e r n- ment cares to acknowledge. But what really threatens the fulfillment of apartheid is, ironically, South Africa's amazing economic growth. In 1964 the country's gross national product bounded upward 11 per cent over 1963. This sharply heightened industrial manpower needs in booming Johannesburg, Cape Town, Durban and other key cities. It made of them greater magnets than ever for the major i t y black population, large elements of which already cluster in and about these centers. Movement of rural people toward the big cities has marked the expansion of industrial societies nearly everywhe r e. South Africa is proving no exception. * * * Yet the whole thrust of the country's apartheid policy is toward slowing, halting and eventually reversing this enorm o u s economic tide. For the real goal of that policy is not to enforce racial segregation as we in the United States understand it from the South's efforts. The objective is to build wholly distinct "black reserves" •which will be both economically viable and politically self-governing—even independent, if they wish. The reserves have long existed as distinctively black "homelands," and today hold upward of 4 million of South Africa's 11 million Batu blacks. But the government of Prime Minister H e n d r i c k Verwoerd aims ultimately at drawing back to these reserves a great proportion of the other 7 million blacks —about half of whom now live in Johannesburg and the other cities. To achieve that end, the government is mounting an ambitious program of economic decentralization intended to create new "centers of attraction" for employable blacks who are either in the reserve areas now or might be lured back from the white-controlled big cities. Some of this development is going into so-called "border industries" placed outside the black zones but near enough to draw black labor on a daily commuting basis. The government says at least 25 such industries have been set up since early 1961. There in one complex of Ironwood Daily Globe Published evenings, except Sundays by Globe Publishing Company. 118 E McLeod Ave., Ironwood, Michigan. Established Nov. 20. 1919, (Ironwood News-Record acquired April 16 1921; Ironwood Times acquired Hay 43. 1946.) •tcond class portage paid at Ironwood. Michigan. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is entitled exclusively to the use tor repubication of all the local news printed In this newspaper. •• wall •• all AP news dispatches. Member of American Newspaper Publishers Association, Interamerlcan Press Association, Inland Dally Press Association, Bureau of Advertising, Michigan Press Association, Audit Bureau of Circulations. Subscription rates: By mail within a radlua of 60 miles—pet year, $9; six months, 15; three months. S3; one month, SI .SO. No mall subscriptions sold to towns and locations where carrier service Is maintained. Elsewhere—per year. $18; one month. $1.50. All mnll subscriptions pay.ible In advance. By carrier, $20.80 per year In advance; by tb« week, 40 eeoU. six plants at Rosslyn near Pretoria. A <r 6 Insofar as the decentralization program involves establishing industry within the Bantu reserves themselves, the road seems incredibly long. It is as if a developed industrial nation, "White South Africa," were undertaking to lift up several underdeveloped nations —all within its own borders. H. L. T. Taswell, South Africa's ambassador to the United States, insisted in interviews that this 'reverse tide" program is not faltering—as one report from Johannesburg asserted. He declares that substanti a 1 financial commitment in various corporations is proof of the government's unwavering Intent. Black leaders in the Transk e i, the one already-s e 1 f-governing Bantu reserve on South Africa's east coast, are said to be counting heavily on the promises made. "If we tried to abandon this policy now," says Taswell, "I could only see trouble ahead." Yet the variety of probl ems involved in this colossal attempt to make racial separation workable is so great that skeptics continue to argue that the whole program must surely fall of its own weight. A following report will examine the question further. Business Mirror By SAM DAWSON AP Business News Analyst' NEW YORK (AP) — Can it be that the businessman is getting the king treatment? Is he replacing the consumer in that role? Washington, a t least, has made the consumer choosy, or what some like to call king. It also has helped keep prices from running away. 'ft tr 6 But of late prices have been rising a bit faster. This may be seems a lot more attentive to temporary although most people the businessman both as a! suspect that it's always easier present ally and a future asset.' for prices to rise than to fall For some time now Americans have been reassured regularly that the consumer is king. back again. There are other fields than prices in which the role of fa- That is because he has more ; vorite may be shifting from con- money now and businessmen sumer to businessman. One is in have been competing for it. This Day in History By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Tuesday, June 1, the 152nd day of 1965. There are 213 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1813, Ameri can Capt. James Lawrence, mortally wounded, gave his immortal order, "Don't give up the ship." Minutes later his frigate, the "Chesapeake," was taken by the British ship "Shannon." On this date In 1792, Kentucky was admitted into the Union as the 15th state. In 1796, Tennessee, the 16th state, was admitted. In 1801, Mormon leader Brigham Young was born. In 1941, the British announced they had withdrawn 15,000 troops from Crete. In 1942, an armada of Royal Air Force planes bombed the German industrial city of Essen. Ten years ago—The Wisconsin Supreme Court overturned the conviction of the "Joe Must Go Club" which had been fined by a lower court on the ground it had used funds illegally in its effort to force the recall of Republican Sen. Joseph McCarthy. the task of keeping the economy climbing at home, and another in solving the nation's problems in its international monetary dealings. Consumers are pretty well aware by now that what the planners of the economy expect of them is to make more money, if possible, and in any event to go on putting out almost all of this income, either on current bills or as downpayments on new ones. This keeps the economy rolling prettily. Right now it appears that personal income and expenditure The National Whirligig (Releaee* by MeClUre Ntwupaper Syndicate! By ANDREW TULLY WASHINGTON — The more pedestrian among you r e d- blooded Americans can keep right on worrying about Santo Domingo and the high costs of newt's eyebrows under glass — I'm too full right now of a blessing called June. With me, James Russell Lowell's challenge goes unanswered; there is no day so rare as the June variety. There are those who are partial to April's series of sweet shocks and Octob e r's aroma of vintage wine, and they may go in peace. But it is time to dally with June, this leafy month as spring melts into su m m e r when, as Lowell sang, heaven has its ear to the ground, "trying the earth if it be in tune." it tt •d OF WEDDING AND GRADUATIONS— Naturally, June consists the longest day in the year, for what other month has so much to offer? In a world too much preoccupied with juvenile delinquency and college sit-ins, it is the month of the sweet girl graduate. It is the month when the fresh-faced bride crowds the divorce news out of the newspapers. June, bless its perfumed presence, is also the month that brings summer vacation for those uncombed and book-bedeviled males, driven almost to anarchy by the long winter in the classroom. Girls are prettier in June, perhaps because they have doffed the heavy swaddling clothes of winter; suddenly they have legs, and bare arms turning bronze. A sunrise is more glorious because it brings a warm day without any of the stifling humidity of July. In June, the grass has reached its greenest, and it is very nearly a pleasure to mow it. As for the scenery, we have it on Browning's authority that "June reared that bunch flowers you carry." of VACATION AT LAST — It Is all very well to plan vacations in January, but with snow flakes tumbling and slush underfoot a man begins to fear that summer may have been outlawed—or ruled unconstitutional by the Warren Court. But now that June is here, with its sights and smells and youthful airs, a holiday at the beach is in a man's grasp. June, it may be deposed, brushes away the last debris of winter and gives promise that July and August inexorably will follow. It is the first of three glori o u s summer months, and the nicest, just as the first day of a holiday is the freest. Man can enjoy the present while anticipating tha future, even though it contains too many wilted salads and not enough meat and potatoes. A TIME TO STROLL AND SNOOZE — To be sure, there is Viet Nam and Red China's atomic bomb. The butcher still demands your right arm for a couple of lamb chops, and a man can't get a word in edgewise with all those professors thinking out loud about the state of the world. But is it treasonable to sneak away for a stroll down a woodsy lane while the world is "knee-deep in June"? Will Castro annex Staten Island while a man snoozes for an hour on a grassy hillside or takes off the afternoon to improve the breed with a handful of two-do liar tickets? I think not. I prefer to go along with Emily Dickinson in greeting June as an "innoce n t intemperance," and since it has only 30 days I join with another poet in pleading: "Slower, sweet June, Each step more slow, "Linger and loiter as you go." Record of the Past 10 YEARS AGO — Temperatures: High 76, low 51 ... A total of $171.84 was derived from the sale of the Memorial Day Poppies by the Wakefield Legion Auxiliary. The- co-chairmen for the Poppy sale were Mrs. Louis Mezzano and Mrs. Joseph Sanchez .... Jack Newcomb of Ironwood has been awarded a baseball letter b y Carleton College, Northfield, Minn. Newcomb, who is a senior at Carleton, is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Max Newcomb, Harding Ave. His award was one of 42 varsity a,wards honoring members of the Carleton spring sports teams. 20 YEARS AGO — Temperatures: High 52, low 38. . . . The Central school auditorium "went collegiate" in its decorative scheme as forty-six eighth graders were entertained at a class day dinner last evening. dockland Personals Mrs. Clifford Gougeon w a s honored on her birthday anniversary Tuesday, May 18, when relatives and friends called at her home. A social time was enjoyed, and Mrs. Gougeon received a number of cards and gifts. The Woman's Society of Christian Service met at the home of Mrs. Eric Seline Tuesday, May 18, with 14 members and two guests, Mrs. Charles Johnson and Mrs. Clifford Gougeon. will continue to rise, but per- Mr s. Charles Wilber, preside n t, haps with less of a rush than conducted the business meeting, that which sent the economy and Mr s. Robert Reid had soaring in recent months. Grand Forks, N. D., visited the Andrew Bartanen family. Mr. and Mrs. Eric Seline were callers in L'Anse recently. Mrs. Gust Erickson is a surgical patient at the L'Anse Memorial Hospital. Charles Desormeau return e d home from St. Joseph's Hospital, Hancock. Miss Terry Garth, student at Northern Michigan University, Marquette, spent a weekend at her home. Mr. and Mrs. James L. Maxfield and family and Miss Wanda Maxfield, Ironwood, visited with their parents, the James. W. Maxfields. Mr. and Mrs. Ed Seid and family spent a weekend with relatives in Iron Mountain. Mrs. Robert Fredrickson and son, Randy, L'Anse, visit e d relatives here. Philip Swanson returned to his home in Nassjo, Sweden, following a visit with his brother in law and sister, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Weisen, and his cousins, the Fredriksons. Mr. and Mrs. Merrill Prei s s spent a day with relatives in Duluth. Mr. and Mrs. Arvo Laine and son, Livonia, visited relatives here and in Mass for a few days. Robert Stenson and Charl e s Johnson attended the athlet i c banquet in Ontonagon Tuesd a y, May 18. Mr. and Mrs. Frank Lindberg returned from lower Michigan where they visited relatives and friends. Stepped ft O ft up spending for plants and equipment alsq is New Formula for Gas Production Approved LANSING (AP) — The State, charge of the devotional lesson. Public Service Commission re- 1 Lunch was served by the host- ports it has approved a new esses, Mrs. Se 1 i n e and Mrs. formula for production from the Llewellyn Preiss. The June Belle River Mills gas field in St. pleasing to those who fear a' meetin B P J ace will be announced Clair County. The formula pro- showdown in other sectors of later - rates the production of the economy, such as a possible Mrs - Lill ian Sinclair, Mt. Ver- among the 17 producing now estimated as billion this year, reversal of the recent piling up of steel inventories and the record production of new cars. Such business spending for expansion is high as $51 compared with $45 billion last year and $37 billion in 1962. The increased spending will help keep the economy rolling. Right now the businessman is getting the accolades. Even so, some fingers are crossed as to whether he has figured out future demand correctly, or whether he might stop spending Five years ago-The Council if he changes his mind, and thus of Ministers of the Southeast jolt the economy. Asia Treaty Organization was' meeting in Washington to investigate Communist advances in Southeast Asia. One year ago — President Johnson welcomed Premier Levi Eshkol of Israel in Washington. Timely Quotes We are doing a lot' besides (shooting) bullets and dropping bombs, but you do not read about these things. It is awfully hard to get them printed. —President Johnson, on our policy In Viet Nam. I've already got 80 dogs. It won't be much more bother having 81. —Italian comic star Toto, who recently adopted his 81st stray dog, A Daily Thought "I loathe my life; I will give free utterance to my complaint; I will speak in the bitterness of my soul." — Job 10:1. A man who is easily discouraged cannot go far.— Frederick Beers. Detroit Stock Cor Race Is Rescheduled DETROIT (AP)— The 50-mile stock car race at the State Fairgrounds was called off Sunday because of a breakdown of water trucks used to settle dust on the dirt track. The Fair Grounds Speedway said the event has been rescheduled for neat Sunday. non, Wash., and daughter, Jane, j wells in the field. gas gas Berry's World 'Queen Elizabeth took 10 days to 'do' Germany— we dit itiathretl" !
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