Established November », 1891 H. E. Rasmussen Editor and Publisher Geraldine Rasmussen, Business Manager Entered ag 2nd class matter at the post office at Anslln, Minnesota, under the act of March S. 1879. T . , T . _ .. ._ ruvi . T _._.._ _*f___ Issued Dally Except Sunday The Herald has been for 67 years and still is a newspaper for Austin and community fair and impartial to all, seeking always to promote the best interest of'agriculture, labor and industry catering to no demagogues and showing favoritism to no group, firm or individual. Member of the Associated Press The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to~ the use for republication of all the local news printed in this newspaper as well as all AP news dispatches. But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal.—I Cor. 12:7. A religion without the Holy Ghost, though it had all the ordinances and all the doctrines of the New Testament, would certainly not be Christianity.—William Arthur. The Smith-Still a Mighty Man Suppose you have a son, just out of college, pondering what career to pursue If a mend suggested that he become a blacksmith, you'd probably think he was teched in the haid. You'd be wrong. Although the village smithy no longer stands under the spreading chestnut tree, there's many a smithy in many a big city. And the smith, a mighty man is he with a paycheck that can total as much as $20,000 a year. So says the Wall Street Journal in a recent survey. Where does today's blacksmith get horses to shoe? Why, at the big race tracks throughout the country for one. But there are plenty of other sources of work. True, the Army no longer needs farriers as it did in the old cavalry and horse artillery days. But there are some 3,500,000 horses and mules in this country and they all need shoes. And livery stables hold some 250,000 riding horses. Today your aspiring blacksmith needn't serve a long, poorly paid apprenticeship to some master horseshoer. He can learn the trade in college — Michigan State, Cornell and Caltech all have horse- shoeing courses. Once qualified, your novice blacksmith hies himself to the city and hopes to join the very tight International Union of Journeymen Horseshoers. It h a s about 250 members and there are about 20 openings a year for new smiths. So competition among the novices for the journeyman's rating is keen. From the above, it can be seen that a young man considering a blacksmith's career is not necessarily teched in the haid. Watching Girls Go by Ever get bored or impatient waiting for a bus? Do you develop a case of the fidgets because a friend is late for a lunch- appointment? Friend of ours told us about a little game he plays that not only eases such nervous tensions but affords considerable amusement. He simply looks at all the women passing by and notes what they have done to their eyebrows. Try it some time. You'll be amused, astonished and — at times — positively awestruck. Matter of Opinion A trip through an amusement park's "tunnel of love" is the safest transportation available. So says the National Safety Council, whose statisticians can't scare up any accident figures on the swan boats. Several million onetime bachelors will dispute the hazardless condition of those tunnels. Infection This little scene of character-building for youth occurred on a homebound bus the other night; Lady: "Driver, do I have to pay for this boy?" Driver: "Is he six years old?" Lady: "He'll be six, shortly." Driver: "No." Little boy, seated: "But mother. I'm.." Mother: "Be quiet. It's all right." No comment. Opinions of Others CHOOSING AN AMBASSADOR It is reported from Washington that the State Department has been frustrated, thus far, in obtaining the appointment of the man it wants as Ambassador to Iraq because of political considerations. The suggested pattern of operation is presumably this: A career incumbent in a present ambassadorial post, not especially qualified for service in Iraq, would be sent to Baghdad — a less attractive station than his present one — thus leaving vacant a desirable station that could be filled by a political appointee. Meanwhile, the department has the man, eminently qualified for Baghdad,'serving in another capacity. This seems a curious way in which to decide upon our representation in what is admittedly an exceptionally sensitive position. We need the best skill that we have for service in Iraq. The State Department believes that this skill' is available. But, presumably, it cannot be used at this particular point because someone needs a political job. We find it hard to believe that this is the best fashion in which to serve the interests of our country. Political appointments may not be wrong in themselves and sometimes they may work out to advantage. But this certainly is the wrong basis upon which to decide a critical appointment. — NEW YORK TIMES CAPITAL NEED The problem of capital information, while not in itself a cause of difficulty between east and west, underlies some of the present antagonism. How to provide the necessary^ tools for production has been foremost in man's thinking since the birth of the industrial revolution. Much of the sociological pain connected with the past century in the west was caused by efforts to accumulate capital. The industrial complex in the United States was built over many decades of hard work and sacrifice, but with fundamental freedoms retained. Now Asian nations, interested spectators as we achieved our high living standards, want to do the same thing — but theye would like faster results than are normally possible. • India is presently apprehensive over the choice it has made — to accumulate capital slowly and retain individual liberty. China has made the other choice, and Mao Tsa-timg has found that the flowers i f individualism cannot be permitted to bloom— ST. CLOUD TIMES 4 AUSTIN (Minn.) HFRAlD Tuesday, Dee. 9, 1958 Pot Pourri WHILE HE wasn't successful in his bid for governor, George MacKinnon may have performed a real service for Hennepin County citizens in his campaign. The candidate made an issue of the alle- tion that liquor store licenses in Minneapolis were being con- trolls' in large measure by the Kid McCann underworld interests, and there were multiple ownership of licenses. The Hennepin County grand jury is investigating the charges and the Minneapolis mayoralty office is conducting an investigation of its own. THE YEARS between the time when people are too young to do the things they would like to do, and 'the time when they are too old to do them, is called the teenage. HERE'S SAD news from Washington. The word is that the 1956 experiment with deferred nominating conventions for the presidency, and a short campaign, will not be repreated in 1960. Indications a that the conventions will be held in mid-July instead of mid-August as they were in 1956. This will add almost a month of campaigning — expensive, and tiring for both the candidates and voters. ONLY THE very well-to-do can afford to build a cheap house, but everybody can afford a quality house if they can afford one at all. That's the opinion of Perry Prentice, editor of House & Home, who contends that anything less than a quality house wastes too much money — the money of both the | owner and the builder. Pointing to a building trades axiom that "all costs come down as the floor area goes up," Prentice contends more floor space is the cheapest thing that can be added in plans for a new, too-small house. Figures show, he says,'that if a 1,000-square-foot house, with all the rooms too small, can be built for $10,000, a 1,500-square- foot house with all the rooms a nice size can be erected to cost only about $2,500 more. NAME DIES hard. You still frequently see in print the name, "National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis" even though, since the victories against polio the group has expanded Jst program and has become simply the "National Foundation." FREEDOM IS described as the ability to do as you please, without considering anyone except, the police, the wife, the neighbors and the government. HERE ARE some good rules for a fire-safe Christmas which carry the complete endorsement of the fire chief. Your tree: Buy one that hasn't dried out from prolonged storage . . .Stand in water or snow out- Sokolsky Lashes at Dribble at Dinners, Cocktail Parties By GEORGE E. SOKOLSKY Newspap e r m e n, small, oldtimer and great and novice, all face this one problem: Pressure to put things into a newspaper; pressure to keep things out. Most of the time, these pressures may be .ignored with impunity. There are occasions when the heavy hand of friendship, or the ugliness" of a lawsuit goes to work on a newspaper or a reporter who dislikes to lose a friend or make an enemy. Bat this has become an Increasingly complex and confused society and one meets all sorts of people who immediately call you friend and discuss the intimacies of their private lives with you. An editor once complained that I go to too many parties and therefore hare no time to read early Victorian poets. Actually, I do not go to enough parties. One should always know how the other half lives. By the other half, I really mean a very small fraction of population. These the American people live in New York, Hollywood, Miami Beach, Palm Beach, Las Vegas. They are few in number, although they make a big noise. They might be called rich, but a bank statement would prove that in another generation, the inheritance will be small, indeed. Many of them go in for multiple marriage. Lots of Activity In a manner, these people have an influence on public opinion because they are mobile. Each day is filled with luncheons, cocktail parties, flirtations (often referred to u romances), and elaborate dinners ending in a visit to some night club and to bed when the boredom has run itself out. Conversation is for laughs, Just as morals are for those who are t«« youo* to know or those who ore tw» eU io remember. Laughter must be spontaneous; oikerwist it is only noise. I recently atteudiHi a party of this kiud. duruif which from 8 p.m. to ll:J8 p.m., I found tb* conversa- tion was restricted. In fact, only those could converse who"sat next to each other. There was no across- the-table talk of any kind and while I was extremely fortunate with a partner, I could not help wondering what might have happened had I b e e n seated elsewhere. Is It Worthwhile How can one really care whether Mrs. A. is planning her divorce so secretly that everybody knows the details except her husband who is paying for It and hopes to get it in time to give a presumptive heir legitimacy before it is actually born. As a sociological study, such data may be interesting; as an index to the nature of a degenerating society, it might be worth noting with names, addresses and telephone numbers. Recently I attended such a shindig at which politicians were present and the conversation was of a maturer kind and many of the gentlemen knew with varying degrees of intimacy the emerging great men of the present generation. In Europe or Asia, such conversation would soon elude the gossip and settle down to a discussion of principles, purposes, al- __ liances, etc. Actually, we never got further than gossip about personalities, as though such trifles really mattered except as indices to the times in which we live. Researchers Newspapermen are all research- __^ == ._ r . era of contemporary times. It is i largely from this material that the | historians of the distant future ly and publicly devoted to breaches of social etiquettes and proprieties and not only does no one care but these personalities become the heroes and heroines of the next generation. A nation can be judged by the heroes of its youth, by the 'deals which its young people develop among themselves. It is also to be judged by what use it makes of the rights which tradition bestowed upon us. What, for instance, is freedom? One turns to the first amendment to the Constitution. The first and fifth amendments lay down the fundamentals of our way of life. Are we using these fundamentals to build a stronger country or only Fuselages Pickets In Boats Aim to Halt Ships, in Ports of World By VICTOR RIESEL NEW YORK — In the brutal ice-clad dawn last Monday small boats hit the choppy waters of several big U, 9. ports. They were picket boats —* literally. They were to picket foreign flag ships which had not fled America be* fore the.deadline of the first global strike in history. Similar boats were pulling into harbors across the world try* ing to tie up 2,000 vessels. These small picket craft were making another even more dramatic page of history — they were introducing to America an intercontinental union of international unions known to only a handful in the U. S. This is the 62-year-old International Transport workers Federation (ITF). It is a global network America should get to know as it knows its own highways. For it now proves that through its operations in a tiny London office, with a small staff, ithe ITF can reach into any American port, into any river and even into the airports. The ITF can link America's transport facilities into global stoppages which can 'affect millions of U. S. working people and businessmen. Can Unite Action This ITF, from its small headquarters in Maritime House, Old Town, Clapham Common, London, can unite strike action of s o m.e // Has Been a Boom Year for Contests By WARD CANNEL NEW YORK - (NEA) - Presently, somebody with the best 25 words or less is going to win one share of every common stock listed on the New York Stock Exchange — and thus bring to a close the fattest year in giveaway Contests this country has ever seen. The number is already well over 600. The value of prizes approaches $50,000,000. And American business, trade and commerce has pumped at least $500,000,000 into the making of contest mdus- ty that rivals our two-party political system. And like political chieftains, contest designers and promoters are still at odds over how to bring the entry blanks In. ..On the one hand, you hear from an' advertising executive whose job is to conjure up contests: "Numbers of dollars don't mean much to the average entrant. A $100-prize is about the same as a $l,000-prize. You've got to trans- iate the numbers into things." Consequently, the people with this language difficulty took home this year: dozens of cars, boats, bicycles, swimming pools, diamond watches, diamond rings, skates, schooters, houses and sewing machines. "This is also," the things-not- money man said, ''a less expensive way to run a contest. You use doors until ready to use indoorsi vour entr X blanks and your box- to get a few benefits selves as individuals? In these difficult times, when we are always on the verge of a fighting war, a nation devoted to . . .Bring it indoors just before Christmas and take it out as soon afterwards as possible. . .Just before setting up the tree, saw off the trunk at an angle at least one inch above original cut. . . Place trunk in water and keep water level above the cut at all times . .Support the tree well. Lighting: Never use candles on tree or nearby. . .Use electric lighting sets that bear the UL (Underwriters' Laboratories) label. . .Check sets for frayed wires, loose connections, broken sockets .Use on electrical circuit fuses not over 15 amperes. . .Don't plug too many cords into outlets .Turn off all tree lighting before retiring or leaving the house. . . Decorations: Use non - combustible materials to decorate the home wherever possible. . .When you must use combustible materials, be sure they are "flame- proofed". . .Don't let Christmas wrappings accumulate in the borne. Gifts: Don't buy pyroxylin plastic dolls, toys or non-flameproof- ed cowboy suits, etc. . .Toys oper- for our- j a ted by alcohol, kerosene or gasoline are especially dangerous. tops, but you give away somebody else's product — and, of course, charge him the publicity you're giving him." On the other hand arc cold cash contests and their sponsors. "People understand cash," said a spokesman for this point of view, "give them what they understand." Consequently, in 1958, instant money was handed out by the mattressful, the barrelful, the sho- puls It this way: "The whole thing Is to make the prizes so attractive that even a millionaire will enter. Give things that people want but wouldn't feel right about buying for them selves." And so: an oil well; a stabl full of race horses; a tub of cham pagne; a year's supply of pinkin, shears; a kangaroo; a desert is land; six sessions with a reputabl psychoanalyst; George Gobel; complete summer resort; and new bathroom plus a two-wee trip to Hawaii. But while prizes are importan to the success of a contest, th industry has come to suspect tha Americans may be growing tire of loot for its own sake. "We are, after all," an exper in advertising said, "a nation wit a spirit of competition. We !ik a good, clean fight. We like a challenge." Translated into contest terms this means more challenging entr; blanks. But there is, it turns oui a delicate line between challeng and drudgery. "So," said an official who gave away two trips around the world and a thousand bras and girdles, "we challenge entrants to write their names and addresses." On the other hand, however, Is a growing band of spartan contes producers who are year by yea making it harder and harder t win. Today, more than half of th contests are run under rigorous rules where the entrant must mak a calculated guess, think of a word that rhymes, or actually writ a complete sentence. To the casual observer, reviewing the bumper year in givea ways it would seem that contests have pushed their prizes and requirements to the limit. And support for this view comes velful (with a five minute time j from the spokesman for a lead limit). Also: a $32,000 charge account; stocks; a complete all your portfolio of Look for the UL label when buying electrical toys. . .Don't set up electric trains or spirit-fueled toys will search for an explanation these times. It is usual to criticize the peep-hole columnists and most I of us feel superior to them. But! their gossip describes a phase of American life which, while not! common to large numbers, would have been impossible even half a century ago or even sooner, when moral turpitude was regarded as an oflense against society. Today the must talked about IHT»UDS iu our »ofjfl.y are active- laughs needs to remember the j under a Christmas tree. adage "He who laughs last laughs best." HIGHEST-PAID judge in the United States isn't Chief Justice Warren, who earns $35,500 a year, nor any of the other top jurists." He's probably the probate judge of Hartford, Conn., who netted $42,058 last year in fees. . .California recently became the first state to require city fire departments to use a standard thread on hoses, a move the National Fire Protection Assn., has been urging nationally for years. A SUGGESTION that the name "Farmer" be added to the Minnesota Republican party, is being made by a Minnesota editor. In proposing the "Republican- Farmer" party label, he points out that Al Quie, a dirt farmer, was reelected in the First District. Ancher Nelsen was elected Jin the Second District, and H. [Carl Anderson, Seventh District, was reelected, both dirt farmers. And the Nineth District added another dirt farmer by electing Republican Odin Langen over DFL Coy a Knutson. All are congressmen with a rural background, distinct from city-bred politicians. UNION of SOUTH AFRICA The Cape of Good Hope, located at the southern tip of the narrow Cape Peninsula in southernmost Africa, is a rocky promontory rising 800 feet above the stormy sea below. King John of Portugal, late in the 15th century, gave it the name Cape of Good Hope, because he felt that its discovery by Bartholomeu Diaz in 1488 meant the sea route to the East would be opened. © Encyclopedia Britannic* debts paid; $100 per day for a year; a year's salary; your weight in gold. On the third hand (while we're on Madison Avenue), there is the faction that believes the way ing contest-minded ad agency: "We've got to revise our think on the subject," he said. "It was a shock to us to see one of the success is the irrestible prize. Stanley Arnold, one of the few contest conjurers who is not reluctant to have himself identified, REPEAL GAME LAW DES MOINES UP) — The Iowa to I Conservation Commission has vot ed to ask the 1'jat* Legislature t repeal the law which permits ser vicemen on active duty to him! and fish in Iowa without a license U.S. Army Scout Answer to Previous Puzzl« DOWN 1 Bundled, at cut ton 2 Satiric 3 lie was a nutc-d iiiur.Lcr 4 Youth 5 Large plants ti Antlers 7 drawing out 8 Wolframite (Cornwall) ii K.-,ter of olcic acid ACROSS 53 Erect 1 U.S. Army 54 Bind scout, 55 At this place "Buffalo " 5ti Sea eagles 5 He was one ot 57 Feminine Pony appellation Express riders 58 Gaelic 8 His real name was William Frederick 12 He was known over a large of the West 13 Diminutive of Ronald 14 Toward the sheltered side 15 Burden 16 Age 17 Girl's name 18 Conclusion 1'J Annual income (Fr.) 21 Atmosphere 22 He d in 1917 2 J German city 24 Number 25 Indian tribe 27 Pedal digits 29 Beam 31 Exclamations 32 Exist 33 Brazilian macaw 34 Brighten 36 Upper limbs 39 Is able 4.0 Artist's frame 44 Indonesian of Mindanao 46 Concealed 47 Pertaining to dower 48 Droop 49 Elevator inventor 51 Hwlent 52 Mix W 10 Refutes 11 Long 19 Rft'oinponsed 20C;i|jtivate 26 Verbal 28 E.-kers 30 Biblical pronoun 31 Babylonian deity 34 Spat 35 He killed Chief Yellow N Hand in the Battle of —. Creek 37 Subdue 38 Flights of steps 39 Odd job . 41 Large artery 42 Spot 43 Consumed 45 Come to termj 50 Elders lab.) 52 Pronoun T t IB. 10 most successful contests offer as a prize nothing more than 'the inner glow that comes from making a middle-aged airline very, very happy.' "I can see the day when someone—I hope this agency—will de- vise a contest that never ends and where nobody can lose. We're working on it right now. I can't 2,000,000 U. S. sailors, railwaymen, teamsters and longshoremen, among others, with transport workers in Iceland, India, Uganda, Tanganyik, Hong Kong, Kenya, Nyasaland and Australia. These are Just a few of the 62 countries whose transport unions are tied to the Federation. The ITF, for examples, ha* paralyzed Indian transport and London docks. According to its own reports, It even has an affiliate in Spain. This, the ITF officially describes as "nn illegal underground movement." This type of Federation is known to a telephone booth size crowd as a Secretariat. These Secretariats, an obscure word In the U. S., can be powerful units. It is strange that American have never gotten to know them. There are international Secretariats of musicians, metal workers, miners, men's clothing workers and ladies garment workers. Directed by Socialists Virtually everywhere these secretariats, all located in Europe, are directed by veteran socialists —bitter enemies of the Communists. It was through the International Musicians Federation, for tell you exactly what it is, but| e ? ani P le ' l . nat Jimmy Petrillo laun- I will say that the first prize is a garbage disposal unit plus a year's supply of garbage. . ." SIDE GLANCES "Let's walk home, Maggie. It won't take lone with this wind at our back!" MY ANSWER your children worshipping QUESTION — When I go to church I have to leave my husband alone, for he will not go with us. He is only home on Sunday for he works in a city quite a distance awny. I would like to know if I should quit going to church and stay with him, or go to church and pray that he will come? P. L. ANSWER -Your husband is home all day Sunday, and church asts an hour in the morning and an hour in the evening. If you spend the whole day with your lusband, he certainly wouldn't object to your spending' two hours with God. I am always amazed at the indifference of so many men toward religion. Christ's disciples were all men, the great builders if our western civilization were men with reverence for God, and love for His church. His gos- l has always appealed to red- jlooded men. Edward Gibbon in us "Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire" gives as one of the reasons for Rome's fall, the decadence of religion. If the heads of the families in our nation fail to take their re- ponsibility in leading their famil- es to reverence God, then the fu- ure of our civilizstion will be dark indeed. Away back in the beginning of list or y, God said to all fathers and nothers; "And thou shalt teach hem diligently unto thy children, nd shalt talk of them when thou ittest in thine house, and when hou walkest by the way, and vhen thou liest down, and when hou risest up." If we don't plant eeds of faith, we will reap a hares t of moral corruption. 2 MILLION ATTEND DBS MOINES OB — The Iowa air Managers Assn. was told Monday that more than two mil- on persons attended county and istrict fairs in the state this ear. ched an intercontinental war on the Communists' cultural fronts. The secretariats are really central clearing houses to which similar unions in many lands pay dues. What makes them suddenly vital is the ITF's global maritime strike against the ships of four lands flags—Liberia, Costa Rica, Panama and Honduras. These countries give the ship- owners a break on taxes and working conditions. The ITF strike has proven that an International secretariat can suddenly come to life against a single industry across the globe. Thus, for the first time, with the backing of 18 American unions, its action is more than a passing story. It's worth looking at what the ITF covers and for what H stands. 7 Industrial Sections It has some 6Vi million members in "seven industrial sections'' catering to: railwaymen, road transport workers (teamsters), inland waterway workers, port workers, seafarers, fishermen, civil aviation staffs (airline pilots, ground crews, etc.) The implication of this week's global oceanic action is that some day any one of these sections could be hit -by an intercontinental strike. For what reasons? Officially the ITF says that the objects of the Federation shall be: "To support national and international action in the struggle against economic exploitation and political oppression and to make International work- Ing class solidarity effective. "To cooperate in the establishment of a world order based on the association of all peoples in freedom and equality for the promotion of their welfare by the common use of the world's resources. . .To seek universal recognition and enforcement of the right to trade union organization. . .To defend and promote on the international plane the economic, social and occupational interests of all transport workers." food they ate each day. From the| Something significantly new has information secured, it was found | been added to the fashions in Am- that despite the quantity of foodj erican labor — global action. (Dis- they consumed daily, they were not | tributed 1958 by The Hall Syndi- gettlng the necessary vitamins and|cate, Inc.) proteins. Many of us, no doubt, shortchange ourselves by not providing our bodies with the necessary food required for good health. Our. inclination is to eat what we like rather than what is good for us. « weeks We can cheat ourselves to an even greater degree by not giving our souls proper spiritual nourishment. Take care to provide the 3 Minutes A Day By JAMES KELLER STARVING YOURSELF? Vitamin deficiency may be widespread among older residents of Winnipeg, according to a study of their food habits. About 100 persons over 70 years old were asked to keep track of the SUBSCRIPTION RATES dingle Copy (at Newsdealer* and Street Salej) ..... ........... | <n HOME DELIVERY IN AUSTIN dingle Copy (other than tegu- lar weekly Subscriber!) Per Week. Carrier Delivery $ .10 One 20.80 to sustain j^ l tual vitamins needed the life of the spirit. Be objective about both your physical and spiritual requirements and you will lead a well- balanced life. Don't starve either your body or soul. "Not in bread alone doth man! Year , BY MAIL—ZONE 1 Delivery In poitofftce within so miles radlu* of Austin — Payable Ui advance. . . One Month t 115 Spin- Three Months ! 325 5.,SO 10.00 Delivery lit postoJIlce outside 50150 miles—Payable In advance. Per Week • w Three Months S'MJ Six Monthi 6 yi One Year 12.^ MAIL—ALL OTHER ZONES Delivery In posw/rice over 150 mile* !••,. i — — * •— j-w-vw****,w v»t» tjw uiiica live; but in every Word that pro-jr, adlu » Ol Austin-payable In advance ceedeth from the mouth of God."Isix Months" (Matthew 4:4) Teach me, O lone Year H.OO Holy Spirit, to appreciate the value of a sound mind in a sound body. New Prague Votes New School Bonds NEW PRAGUE, Minn. (AP) Voters in School District 721, at a special election Monday gave 810709 approval to a $1,370,000 bond issue for a new high school. The district embraces parts of Scott, Rice and LeSueur counties. DROP TRAINS DBS MOINES UP) — The Iowa Commerce Commission announced Monday it has granted the Burlington Railroad permission to drop its daily passenger trains Nos. 147 and 148 which operate between Davenport and Clinton. NOTE-Zone 1 rate will ap. ply for subscription service going to service personnel in U. S. and Armed forces in all areas of United States and areas served thru A.P O and N.P.O. Circulation Depf. Dial HE 3-8856 For irregularities in i • r v I e • please coll the above number between 5:30 p.m.-6:30 p.m. ixtra delivery tervic* will k» made it necessary.
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