Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan on July 20, 1965 · Page 17
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Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan · Page 17

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Ironwood, Michigan
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Tuesday, July 20, 1965
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Page 17
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TUESDAY, JULY 20, 1965. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN FIVI Nuclear Age Was Born 20 Years Ago at Alamogordo, New Mexico (EDITOR'S NOTE: This is one of a series of dispatches telling the dramatic story of atomic energy on Its 20th birthday. Reporter Robert Cochnar traveled 10,000 miles throughout the United States to find out how atomic energy is affecting your life. His first dispatch is written from Alamogordo, N. M., where the tlrst atomic bomb was detonated.) By ROBERT COCHNAR Newspaper Enterprise Assn. ' ALAMOGORDO, N. M.—(NBA -Cloud wisps splash agai n s t the azure skies and whirlwinds of sand spout occasionally from the desert floor. The peaks of the Sierra Oscura range isolate the area. The desert is barren and flat. Were it not for a single microsecond of time two decades ago, the arid lands of southern New Mexico's Tularosa Basin would nold interest only for historians )f the frontier. But Twentieth Century fron- ;iersmen have given this desert pocked with greasewood, mes- juite and tumbleweed a new significance which the world still 'inds hard to comprehend. \ man-made monument of stone .narks the spot. Its bronze plaque reads: TRINITY SITE Where The World's First Nuclear Device Was Exploded on July 16, 1945 The time is 5:29 a.m. The desert morning is crisp. Lightning crackles through the slate- gray sky. Scientists and engineers and soldiers huddle in con- irete-and-stone bunkers 10,000 feet from Ground Zero. The nuclear device—its components assembled several days before in an abandoned ranch louse—is strapped atop the 100- foot-tall steel tower. One minute later, the Nuclear Age is born. A terrifying new source of energy—hidden from man since the beginning of time —is unleashed with the flash of Life Insurance For People Ages 39 to 79 How you can apply by mail, direct to the Home Office, for a Life Insurance Policy providing $2000 guaranteed-rate lifetime protection. Application and rates mailed to you without obligation. Tear out this ad and iriail today •with your name, address, zip code and year of birth to Great Lakes Insurance Co., Elpin, 111. 60122. fmmmmmmummmmmmmmm mmmmmmmmtm Mail to Depl. 20G99P115 Greet Lakes Insurance Co. Elgin, Illinois 60122 Pleate mail me on application and rate* to oppty for Lif« Insurance, NAME ADDRESS. CITY STATE. YEAR OF BIRTH.. -ztr. a hundred suns, illuminating mountains 10 miles away. The thunder of the blast reveberates throughout New Mexico. Aside from the stone obel i s k, erected several months ago, only scattered evidence remains to remind man of that moment which rivals the day his ancestor first put fire to work. The steel tower is gone, vaporized by the explosion. The 10-feet-deep crater which the bomb carved from the earth is now a slight Indentation. Nature cares little for history. Shards of Trlnitite, vestiges of the 800-yard-wide circle of fused sand created by the bomb's searing heat, are scattered arou n d Ground Zero. After 20 years, years, they are still radioactive. Trinity Site is practically inaccessible to the visitor. It is now a distant and unused portion of the Army's 4,000-square-mile White Sands Missile Range. I had to drive 150 miles from El Paso, Tex., the nearest big city, on little-used dirt roads to get to the site. The men who witnessed this moment when the vast energy locked within the heart of the atoms of matter was released for the first time had no absolute proof, before July 16, that the bomb would work. Few had given real thought to the future of atomic energy. Ending the war was the immediate goal. But the bomb did work. And three weeks later, when Hiroshima and Nagasaki were destroyed and 102,000 people died, the world also knew that the bomb worked. The bombs that ended a war and ushered in a new age were the result of four years of labor at a cost of more than two billion dollars. They were the product of the greatest concentration of brainpower on any single device in history. Since 1945, the U. S. government and private industry have Invested some $37 billion in the development of atomic energy. But 20 years and $31 billion have not erased the specter of the black, whirling mushroom cloud and all it protends. Yet the peaceful atom is a weapon inflntely more powerful than any atomic bomb, than any stockpile of bombs Advances in science, technology and, it is hoped, morality, have given man, in thd words of John P. Kennedy, "a continui n g challenge to use the atom's great powers for his benefit and not for his destruction." What has the atom's power wrought? Its applications tou c h all fields, all people. The power of the atom is bringing electricity to our homes anc factories. It is diagnosing and treating our sick. It is extending life. The power of the atom is preserving our food. It is fighting insect pests, animal and p 1 a n I diseases. It .is Improving the quality of manufactured products. It is detecting flaws in machinery. It Is operating weather sta tions and lighthouses and buoys. It is toughening wood, lighting watch dials, investigat Ing oceans, exploring space. The atom has created a billion- dollar industry employing thousands of people. But 20 years ago . . . Scientists shiver in the morning cold on a flat New Mexico desert. They hunch behind thick walls, sweat as the countdown continues. Few dare to dream of the future . . . After the great blast, tens ion dissolves. An eyewitness described the moments that followed in the control room: "All started congratulat i n g each other. No matter what might happen now, all knew that the impossible scientific job had been done. Atomic fission would no longer be hidden in the cloisters of the theoretical physicist's dreams. "It was almost full grown at birth. It was a great new force to be used for good or evil." * * * How this great new force, born on a lonely desert to end a war, is now being used for good—and how it will be used in the future—is the subject of this series of dispatches. Thorny Question Is Tackled By Conference on Education Two decades ago the first atomic bomb (left) rocked a New • Mexico desert. Today, a stone monument (right) marks the spot. (NEA Telephoto) By G. K. HODENF1ELD AP Education Writer WASHINGTON (AP) — The White House Conference on Education tackles this thorny question today: "How do you go about integrating the schools In predominately Negro South Chicago, Washington, D.C., and New York's Harlem? The problem was posed by Dean Roald Campbell of the University of Chicago's Graduate School of Education. Campbell contends it can't be done. The only practical solution to the problem, he said in a background paper distributed to all Fiscal Reform Meeting Slated LANSING (AP) — A group of legislators will meet with Gov. George Romney this week to seek agreement on fiscal reform proposals for submission to the legislature this fall, Rep. H. James Starr, D-Lansing, said Monday. He said the group would include members of the house and senate taxation committees, members of a houpe Republican caucus committee on fiscal reform and other legislators seeking action this fall on tax reform. Starr also announced a series of 13 public hearings on tax reform around the state in the next two months. The hearings probably would go into such questions as the exemption level to be allowed under a state income tax and whether food and drugs should be exempt from tne state sales tax. "Through these hearings we want to try to build up public understanding of our fiscal problems and support for necessary changes in our fiscal policy," he said. The tentative outstate hearing schedule: Lansing, July 26-28; Flint, Aug. 3; Pontiac, Aug. 4; Port Huron, Aug. 5; Saginaw, Aug. 6; Grand Rapids, Aug. 10; Muskegon, Aug. 11. AN ATOMIC PRIMER Every field hoi o jargon—words and phrases which mean much to the professional but little or nothing to the layman. The vocabulary of the nuclear scientist, essential to any discussion of nuclear energy, is intriguing and confusing. Beloware a few of the important terms and their definitions. O NEUTRON ©PROTON URANIUM—Tne heaviest element found in nature. It has two chief kinds of atoms, known as U-235 and U-238. The numbers refer to their atomic weight. 9 ELECTRON ATOM—A minute particle of matter, the fundamental building block of chemical elements such as iron, lead, sulfur, uranium. There are six sextillion (6 followed by 21 zeros) atoms in a drop of water. REACTOR— In order to make use of the tremendous amount of energy produced by the splitting atoms, equipment has been designed to keep the chain reaction under control. These atomic furnaces are called reactors. ISOTOPES—Two or more kinds of atoms have been found in the same element that behave chemically the same but have slight differences in their atomic weight. They're called isotopes. ATOMIC ENERGY-When enough uranium 235 atoms are brought together, a "chain reaction" occurs. Neutrons from within the atom shoot out and smash other U-235 atoms. These, in turn, are split and their locked-up energy is released. RADIOISOTOPES— When some elements are,placed in .a reactor-, and bombarded'by the flying neutron "bullets," their atoms become radioactive. .This means that they are unstable and break down, or decay, emitting energy in the form of radiation or rays. These radioactive atoms are called radioisotopes. Kelley Adds 4 Assistants LANSING (AP) — A beefing- up of his staff, with four new assistants appointed, has been announced by Atty. Gen. Frank Kelley. This is the largest number of new appointees since Kelley be came the state's law chief in 1962. Kelley said it's part of a new program of building his staff to full strength so it can better provide legal service . to state government.. Each assistant at torney general will start at $10, 982 a year. Appointed were: William Beldsoe, 35, Detroit Alfred Van Galloway, 35, Eas Lansing; Milton Firestone, Li vonia, and George Murphy, 45 Detroit. Detroit Woman Dies DETROIT (AP) — Mrs. Ber nice Posen, 73, of Detroit, die Monday of injuries suffere when hit by a car while walkin across a street in Detro: Friday. onference participants, Is ttf upgrade the quality of education in all schools — white, Negrt and mixed. Campbell said he could not accept'the view tbat only Integrated schools can b« good schools. While I think we must prcw mote integration." he said, "at he same time I do not believa we have hard data to support Jie point that only Integrated education can be quality education." The session on de facto aegfc regation and the urban school* is just one of several highly con-, ;roversial discussions scheduled for the two-day meeting. Perhaps the most heated debate will center on whether there should be some sort of! national testing to determine. the quality of public education. Those who favor the idea saj that without national testing. the American taxpayer doesn't know whether he is getting a bargain or being short-changed for the billions of dollar! h« spends on the schools. .'•• Opponents center their attacH on the fear that any national program of testing will Inevitably lead to a national curricu* lum, and federal control of what goes on in the classroom. The 700 leaders in education,,. business, labor and government' who have been summoned to th« nation's capital for the confer-: up with agreed answers to th* r problems, nor wi'h specific legislative proposals. ' John Gardner, president of the Carnegie Corp. and confer,-, ence chairman, told a news conference Monday that reports of.' all the debates will be forward^ ed to President Johnson and his' staff. j,-> Gardner added that the Presi-' dent and his staff will use trie conference reports when they draw up next year's proposals for educational legislation. Stevenson Is Buried in Quiet Country Cemetery in Illinois The pen name of Hosea Bigelow once was used by James Russell Lowell, American author. By WILLIAM J. CONWAY BLOOMINGTON, HI. (AP) — Adlai E. Stevenson, the wit and scholar who overcame diffidence to become "statesman for all the world" lay finally at rest today with his ancestors in a quiet country cemetery. His funeral Monday ended a five-day state journey from London, where he died of a heart seizure on a sidewalk Wednesday at 65. President and Mrs. Johnson with their daughter, Luci; Vice President and Mrs. Hubert H. Humphrey; and Chief Justice and Mrs. Earl Warren led an impressive corps of dignitaries •LITTLE LEAGUE BASEBALL SHOES 25% Off • BASEBALL GLOVES & BATS . 25% Off • 2-Only POLE LAMPS . 25% Off •CROCKERY MIX'N SERVE BOWLS .... 25%Off FREE-SERVING CRADLE WITH PURCHASE OF CORNING WARE BUFFET SERVER • FOLDING ALUMINUM LAWN CHAIRS 5$ 2.99 NVd ANd »0 L N01JU13WO) S/OWIIW ffi 1.99 •PATIO TABLES -^"2.49 SALE Prjc* THIS WEEK CHARCOAL BRIQUETS '- CCc co -fe aoib.Baa 77 C 66 C 59 ..-. . .. REAKABLE PLASTIC FREEZER CONTAINERS S lViplntjQQ. Q 1( l t< OOj» 7 1/4> 11 (I six* 7OC O six* 7OC / gal. I. 17 .: t %•;.•'• "S ""•''". •-,-,, . Coast-To-Coast Stores Corner Aurora/Suffolk St. Ironwood Ph. 932-1710 Fred Dubbe, Owner Franchise Fee Hearing Set LANSING (AP) — The House General Taxation Committee will hold a public hearing here Wednesday on a corporate franchise fee law and amendments proposed in the t senate. The legislature has been attempting to settle a long dispute between some corporate taxpayers and the state centering around tax treatment of reserves created by accelerated depreciation granted by the federal government in 1954. The proposed senate sponsored changes were tabled in the house, but the bill could be revived by amendment of the adjournment resolution or will automatically come to life with the start of the 19Q6 legislative session. who brought their respects to the former United Nations ambassador in this central Illinois community of 50,000 he called home. The humbler people, too — their number estimated at 60,000 by Bloomington's police — paid him their tribute, some of them standing for hours;.in,.the sultry summer heat to watch the cortege. The body of Stevenson had been brought home from England in the presidential plane to rest in state in the Washington Cathedral, and later in the Illinois Capitol in Springfield where Stevenson sat as gover- or from 1949 to 1953. Stevenson moved from the governor's seat to unsuccessful candidate for prssident on the Democratic ticket in 1952 and 1956. His body was borne here for a last few hours in which his neighbors called at the Bloomington Unitarian church. Then came the last two formal services in the church and in the Illinois State:? University field- house before a simple 13-minute burial service at the Stevenson family plot in Evergreen Memorial Cemetery. There were other memorials in other cities, and one in the hall of the United Nations in New York. U.N. Secretary - General U Thant said that Stevenson's "voice rang as the true voice of the people" and "his eloquence expressed the hopes and aspirations of the common man the world over." California Considers U-M Vice President BERKLEY, Calif. (AP)—Roger Heyns, University of Michigan vice president. Is one of I about a dozen . persons being considered for appointment as chancellor of the .University of California, according to University President Clark Kerr. "No formal offer has been made to anyone," Kerr said. "There -is an active list of about 12names. Explorations are still being carried out." Fill all your Office Supply needs at the NEWS RECORD • Mimeograph Papers • Inks—Fluids, etc. • Inventory Formt • Ledger Forms • Business Cards. •Letterheads OUR FORMS SAVE YOU TIME!... Come to us! Let us plan and print all your business forms, for maximum office efficiency and time saved. Fast service a specialty. NEWS RECORD PRINTING & SUPPLY Ironwood Mrs. Lloyd H. Weste«n, Prop. Phone 932-5511 NEY BUYS Sendek Furniture Co. "Wish we had a car like they do next door!" HOW ABOUT IT POP? ISN'T IT TIME YOU TOOK ADVANTAGE OF ONE OF OUR LOW COST NEW CAR See the man at our bank now! National Bank IRONWOOD, MICHK3AN • Monitor t •^

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