FOU* IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN MONDAY, MAY 31.1965. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE The Daily Globe It an independent newspaper, tupportlng what It believes to be right and opposing what It believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartioHy." -Linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publishe. 1927-1964. Mrs. Linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher Congress Presses Into Wasteland When Congress gets around to takinc a look at broadcasting, as it does from time, to time, the results arc usually piecemeal and mostly pathetic. Investigations by a House .••ommiUee almost six years ago plus scrutinv-of programming by the Federal Communications Commission did to some extent result in a greater emphasis on news and public service shows. But drama and entertainment have enjoyed little qualitative improvement lince the sorry days of the quiz scandals. So the hearings of the House Interstate and FovHgn Commerce Committee beginning around the end of the month should be watr'jfd carefully by the public. The specific sroa of inteu'st is Community Antenna Television (CATV), which the Federal Communications Commission proposes to regulate much as it does radio and television broadcasting in general. The board of directors of the National Association of Broadcasters on May 12 by a wide margin gave general approval to the FCC position and opposed a bill which would prohibit the FCC from licensing community antenna systems. But the measure, introduced by Rep. Oren Harris (D Ark.), who views himself as a kind of Congressional ex officio czar of broadcast- rig, doesn't limit itself to CATV, and therein lies a considerable rub. Harris, chairman ol the Commerce Committee, envisions an "advisory committee" on broadcasting representing all sections of television and—almost as an afterthought—the public. This group would establish a "national television policy" along guidelines drawn by Congress, preempting the FCC, vJiose "competence and wisdom" Harris questions. Broadcasting—particularly television — is a vastly profitable business. A very high frequency franchise has been likened to a license to print money, and ultra high frequency licensees in advantageous locations also arc beginning to slice the melon. Television is also—potentially — awesomely influential. In France, for example, where the government controls broadcasting, Charles de Gaulle is content to ignore or haughtily patronize a hostile press, knowing that his personally controlled television and radio broadcasts hit the French people where they live. With all this money and power concentrated in a single structure, the internal power struggles in what former FCC Commissioner Newton M. Minow called the "vast wasteland" are understandable. To oversimplify, the main forces are these: the station owneis and operators, who understandably are motivated first by desire for profit and only secondly by desire for prestige and inclination to serve the public; the FCC, which, as a creation of Congress, has always been reluctant to live up to its statutory authority, let alone assume any new powers; and Congress, whose individual members may be motivated by personal profit, power drives, prestige, and lastly, the public welfare. Only the public lacks a real voice in broadcasting forums. The Harris bill would have a national advisory group on television policy include representatives of TV networks, network- affiliated stations, independent stations, educational stations, community antenna systems, advertisers and their agencies, program producers, and finally "public" members like TV critics and communications lawyers. The public, it would seem, would still get short shrift, though in the final analysis, it pays for all broadcasting. Price of Liberty Creeps Upward And still they come—fresh names to be added to the long, long roll of those who have fallen in the service of their country. We had thought, 20 years ago, to have made an end to it once and for all, even as 25 years 1-trfore that men told themselves they had fought the war to end all wars. But more names were still to come. The peace so dearly bought in 1945 was but a pause. A mere five years later and there were different battlefields and a different enemy. But the face of death was the same one known to those who had met him at Lexington, at Lundy's Lane, at Vera Cruz, Antietam and San Juan Hill, in Flanders and in Normandy. We had thought, after Korea, to have, made an end to it. The men of the West who had fought and died and held the line there, had proved to those of the East that there was no more profit to be gained in nibbling at freedom's edge with "limited" war than in uncapping the nuclear holocaust that would destroy us all. But more names were still to come, for never-sleeping tyranny has many fields to prowl. They began coming in from new battlefields with faraway names—Bien Ho, Da Nang. They come slowly still, but there are more names today than yesterday, and little hope for anything but more tomorrow than today. Now, most recently, the names came from a battle place closer to home—the sun-and blood-drenched isle of Hispianola. A handful only, thankfully, but the long, long roll is that much longer. Today we suspend the public business to honor all the names, those lost to history as well as those still painfully fresh in memory, As Walt Mason wrote: The little green tents where the soldiers sleep And the sunbeams play and the women weep, Are covered, with flowers today. And in the ghostly distance, the long, long file of those who have given us the peace and liberty that makes possible this day of Memorial Day goes on and on ... and on. One Memorial Day is Enough (Copyright IMS. King Features Syndicate. Ino.i By John Chamberlain My grandmother was born in 1849. Memorial Day always meant something very personal to her, for she had had relatives in the Civil War, and even when she was an old lady she liked to sing the old war songs, "Tenting On The Old Camp Ground" and^ "When Johnny Comes Marching Home." The day meant something to my great-uncle, who became a country doctor because his health had been undermined in the Confederates' Libby Prison to the point where he thought city Jiving would be bad for him. By nursing his ailments ss he drove around the countryside in a buck- hoard he lived to a ripe old age. Since the Civil War generation, however, my family has had little direct experience oi wars. My father was too young for the Spanish-American War and too old for World War 1. I was a schoolboy in the World War years, and too old for anything in World War II save for a brief part-time per diem stint with Wild Bill Donovan's OSS. So Memorial Day, to rne, has been mostly a dim memory of watching the thinning lines of the Grand Army of the Republic as they marched—and later rode -past the windows of the Union League Club in the first two decades of the century. HM effect of having missed active war experience is to make one extremely, loath to recommend any tough action on one's government. It is all too easy to be valiant at the typewriter, urging others to "Get up and sock 'cm." So, when 150 professors at one's Alma Mater get out a pacifistic statement urging Lyndon Johnson to cut and run in Asia, one hates, instinctively, to reproach them for it. One is apt to reflect that only people who are willing to volunteer for war themselves have a real moral right to advocate fighting for others. Still, there it a problem here. As an instinctive lover of peace, I don't want to see the calendar spangled with any more Memorial Days or Armistice Days or Veterans' Days. We have had enough of filling the graveyards. But, beyond one's emotions, were it the matter of intellectual judgment. Isn't it better to fight wars of limited, commitment now rather than to be forced to take part in a big blow-off later on? As preparation for this Memorial Dav week- end I have been reading Mr. Theodore Drapers' long critical analysis of Lyndon Johnson's Dominican Republic actions which is to be found in "The New Leader" for May 24, 1965. Mr. Draper is no lover of the Communists. But he thinks Johnson, despite the presence of Castroites in Santo Domingo, should have taken a chance on the rebel forces who sought to reinstate the government of Tuan Bosch. We have compromised ourselves, says Mr. Draper, by opposing the forces of democratic legitimacy in the Caribbean. The argument is plausible. But, again, the question of forehanaedness arises. When the Czar's government abdicated in Russia, the Miliukovs and Kerensky hoped to establish a legitimate democracy-in place of the old autocracy. The imperial German government didn't want to have it that way; it thought it could bust Russia clean out of World War I by sending the Communist agitator Lenin from Switzerland to Petrograd to cause disruption behind the enemy's lines along the eastern front. Kerensky didn't think a few Bolshevik agitators could do much to undermine the new parliamentary regime in Riissia. He was noble about everything, a decent fellow very much in the mold of a Juan Bosch. On one occasion he struck a moral attitude and said, "1 will not be the Marat of the Russian revolution." 1 probably would have said the same thing in his place. However, the pay-off on nobility here was disastrous. Because Kerensky respected Lenin's right to agitate, the Russian revolution got its bloody Robespierre, who was worse than any Marat. The failure to be tough in time in Petrograd loosed the Bolshevik revolution on (he world. You know the rest-the Stalinist purges, the rise of the Brown bolshevism of Hitler as a counter to Red Bolshevism, the blood bath of World War II, the advance of communism into Central Europe, the loss of China, the seizure of Cuba just ninety miles from the U.S. So, when Lyndon Johnson forehandedly takes action calculated to prevent the coming of a big war, those of us who are instinctive pacifists ought to applaud him. We don't want any more Memorial Days than we have already. Berry's World © IK5kyNEA,hc- 'ItCi mofce a Hit of thing* that will bt a/fecfed by tfi« excise tax cut/" Today in National Affairs By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON — Amendments to the Constitution are usually hard to get started and adopted nowadays, but there is one which might receive popular support instantaneously. It h a s to do with the rights of the states to control their own edu- caional processes. Although the federal government denies that it has any intention of dictating what is taught in the public schools or of Interfering with local communities in their mapping out of school districts, it is becoming evident every day that the centralized government in Washington is going to take over more and more of the education process by using its power over the distribution of federal tax money. Why, for instance, should a state from which a billion dollars in federal taxes is collected and to which is allocated $100 million for aid to its schools suddenly be denied such aid because a federal bureaucracy decides that the state is not complying with regulations promulgated from Washington? The money collected in federal taxes in a state far exceeds, of course, the allotments made to that state for education. What is being returned to the states is heir own taxpayers' money. But it is being used in large part to require compliante by the states through what is being called "legalized blackmail." Congress in 1964 passed a law which condemned racial discrimination. The text of the provision follows: "No person in the United States shall, on the ground of race, color, or national origin be excluded from particpation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimnation under any program or activity receiving federal financial assistance." Any state which uses its federal funds to benefit schools that are predominantly Negro on the same basis as it furnishe; funds to schools that are pre dominantly white would appear to be complying with the law is written by Congress. But the Department of Health, Educa tion and Welfare has announced through the U. S. Office of Edu cation, that its own desegrega tion formulas must be appl i e d This is an extension of the words of the statute, especiallj since Congress did not specify that schools must be desegregated. This up to now has been handled by the courts. Many states have not inten tionally segregated their schools but circumstances of residenc and other factors have made i difficult to conform to an> formula set up in Washingtor or demanded by pressure groups This is true of northern state as well as southern states. Exis' Ing law provides for judic i a review in each instance, but thi today is a hazardous course t follow because already t h Supreme Court has ruled tha sooner or later schools must be desegregated. Court orders, of course, have been litigated extensively, but the Supreme Court has taken upon itself the duty of enforc ing the desegregation pol i c y Now that the executive branch f the government has joined in he battle and has decided to ithhold funds as a method o unishment, a constituti o n a mendment would appear to he available to protect the stat e s Tom invasions of their authoir- ;y to handle their onw educational processes. Certainly when the 11 states of he south pay a total of nearly $16 billion in taxes and the federal government decides for some arbitrary reason to withhold a portion of the funds allocated to them—especially when ;he reason is not at all related to the educational process itself —then the citizens of these states have a grievance. (Copyright, 1965, New York Herald Tribune Inc.) The National Whirligig <lt«l«M«l *? Medur* N«w«p«per By ANDREW TULLY (them to take over the country WASHINGTON — A curious ! by force. At the minimum, the feature of the National Rifle As- bill would require that persons sociation's campaign against the buying anti-aircraft guns, bazoo- hill to curb mail order traffic in kas, machine guns and mortars firearms is its adoption of scare tactics which tamper with the truth. This is not only unworthy of the association's good name, but is also unnecessary. The NRA, bless its befuddled registered these purchases with the proper authorities. Incredibly, local authorities now have no jurisdiction over such purchases in most states. Capt. Merton Howe, head of Day in History By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Monday, May 31, the 151st day of 1965. There are 214 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1889, between 2,000 and 3,000 lives were lost at Johnstown, Pa., when a dam burst at South Fork, 12 miles above the city. Fires added to the horror which inspired a $4 million dollar nationwide relief fund. On this date In 1819, American poet Walt Whitman was born. In 1916, the naval Battle of Jutland began in World War I. In 1926, the Sesquicentennial Exposition opened In Philadelphia. In 1941, British forces evacuated the island of Crete. In 1942, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill vowed heart, claims the Dodd bill now | the Los Angeles Police Depart- in the Seriate would lead to the ment's robbery division, told a gradual elimination of the pri- Senate subcommittee that when vate ownership of all guns. Noth-' police uncovered a batch of land ing, of course, could be further, mines in the home of one kook they were able to seize them only because they were stashed EXCLU- in a residential area. But the DED—The principal provision of police had no grounds to seize Germany would city-by-city. be conquered Ten years ago—The U.S. District Court in Washington ruled Dick Haymes to deportation re-entered the that entertaner was not subject because he had country legally on his return from Hawaii. Five years ago—Secretary of State Christian Herter defended the use of U2 reconnaissance planes over the Soviet Union. One year ago—Top U.S. dip- from the truth. tt a RIFLES-SHOTGUNS the bill would prohibit unlicensed persons from transport i n g, shipping or receiving firearms in interstate or foreign commerce. But it specifically excepts weapons like rifles and shotguns most four mortars and an anti-tank gun dispatched to a Hollywood book store by a Pennsylvania dealer. o ft * BIO MARK-UP ON OS- commonly used by hunters and , WALD'S RIFLE — There is other sporting types. Moreover, it would specifically permit a also that new training cou r s e recently added to the curriculum hunter to take his gun across i by a Los Angeles correspond- state line or mail it to a manu-' ence school which tells students facturer or dealer for repairs or! how they can buy foreign fire- servicing. arms and sell them at a big pro- To be sure, the bill would pro- fit. For example, it is noted that hibit sales of pistols to persons Lee Oswald paid $21.95 for the under 21, but those over 18 could still buy sporting rifles or shotguns. Pistols would be sold only to residents of the state by licensed dealers, who would be required to keep sales records identifying the purchasers. <r 6 0 PRIVATE ARSENALS A TARGET—More important—even to hunters—the bill would era c k down on those curious jokers who believe it their duty to establish private arsenals against the day when some voice tells lomatic and military officials met in Honolulu to study ways of halting Communist advances in Southeast Asia. mail-order rifle with which he killed President Kenenedy, although it cost the importer only $1.12. J. Edgar Hoover, who hardly qualifies as one of those "fuzzy-thinking do gooders" scorned by the NRA, has reported that more than half of the 8,500 murders each year are committed by firearms. The gun, say? the FBI director, has proved to be "seven times more deadly than all other weapons combined." All the present bill seeks to do is to keep better track of deadly weapons, and to make it a little harder for a child to buy a pistol when he feels up a candy store. like holding Ironwood Daily Globe Published evening*, except Sunday by Globe Publishing Company, 118 E MeLcod Ave., Ironwood, Michigan Established Nov. 20, 1919, llronwooc News-Record acquired April 16 1931 Ironwood Times acquired May 33, 1946 Second class postage paid at Iron wood. Michigan. MCMBEB Or TIE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is entitled ex clusively to the use (or republcatlon of all the local news printed In thl newspaper, as well as all AP news dispatches. Member ol American Newspaper Publishers Association, Interamerican Press Association, Inland Dally Press Association. Bureau of Advertising, Michigan Press Association, Audit Bureau of Circulation*. Subscription rates: By mall within a radius of 60 miles—per year, $9; six months, IS; three months. S3; one month,' f 1.50. No mail subscriptions sold to towns and locations where carrier service I* maintained. Elsewhere—per year, S18; one month. SI SO. All mail subscriptions payable In advance. By carrier, $20.80 per year In advance; by U>* week. iO sent*. Honoring Those Who Gave Their Lives . . . the Supreme Sacrifice! Today, take time to remember the brave men who sacrificed so much, in our nation's wars. We salute these fallen heroes, rededicating ourselves to the high ideals they helped preserve. NATIONAL METALS BANK of Ironwood Bank of Service Member F.D.I.C.
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