Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland on October 31, 1955 · Page 4
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Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 4

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FOUR "./(•. EVENING TIMES, CUMBERLAND, MD, MONDAY, OCTOBER il, 1SS5 DUI PA-2-4600 for a WANT AD Taktr Evening & Sunday Times ' n» Momiit. rubllOxt tv Ttr Tlm« « «. • Compin;. T-l South M«elutil<> St.. CumbtrilM, »«.. . Entered •/•reofld «ltM mail mitter tt C_ml>ertMd» Maryland, «n*r U» «ct nt Man* * "" .-:"• MemtiiVrt the Audit ~Bu™a«" «• Clrculabo* • . Member ol Tli» Auckland fnf • f _ ^«p^ __ . Weekly lubrertpUot tile by .Carrtirii OM •«* Evrolni only 3Sc: £venln« Time, per *°tr*> Evenlni and Sunday Ttmea 46e p«f w«rti Sunday Tirnn only. lOc^ per copy. _ _____ • _ , ~~^_l7irsuDM'rlptl« Ralea Evenlnf.TlinM . • 1,1. tad. irt Kt «lb Pwtal Z°»« ' ' II 35 Month »! 00 SU Monthl - »"•<» Oni Y«ar "'" SI™ «1>. Ill- «»d «th P«'«l »«• „ I1.SO Monlh • «.» Sl> Month!-. 117.00 °» Mail Subicriptlon Ratea Sunday Tlmel OBll lat. 2nd. 3rd 'and «n Foetal Zooet • - i.. - W-00 On. t „.„ "•* lat. 2nd. 3rd 'and «n Foetal Zooet • SO one ninth - M.OO Sur Monti.. - W-00 On. tm sth; 8lh. 7lh and «lh Portal Z<«« .60 On. Month - « Monlha - CT.M 0»a «lh Portal Z<«« Monlha - CT.M 0»a >ear .60 On. on - - » - . The Evenln7 Tim" and Sunday Timea aeiume. »» (Inanclar responsibility (or lyjoiraphioal .nor. in _dvertls«mentl but will reprint Ihil part ol^a« adverlliement in which Ih. typoiraphlcal error occurl, errora must b« reported at- one*. • ,. • Monday Afternoon, October 31, 1955. Yalta Controversy WERE'lT NOT foir the political smoke generated over.the issue, only.the- historians would be interested now in: how General' MacArthur felt about Russia's ertry into the Pacific war. The controversy stems from 1 the publication last March of the record of the famed Yalta conference. This move followed pressure from some Republicans who believed the record would support their charges that President Roosevelt "sold out" to Russia by granting concessions. The Yalta record indicated top U. S! military leaders considered Russia's entry into the Pacific war vital, and felt the .West.should pay a stiff price, if necessary. But, in commenting specifically on that aspect of Yalta, Democratic Senator Lehman of New York declared that - MacArthur "strongly, favored and urgently recommended that Soviet Russia be.involved in the war against' Japan." Lehman clearly .implied MacArthur was among the military men consulted in formulating Yalta policy. The general flatly denied this. He said if asked he would have emphatically urged against bringing Russia in at "that late date," and added it w6uld have'>see'med "fantastic" to 1 him .to -lure; the Russians ii. with concessions. SORRY YABousHtiH MISTER! FEED MM LOTSA BANANAS AN' HE'LL BE OKAY/ MR-MILOOETOAST lSASOCK6RFpR SALESTALK Whitney Bolton ••'"•;'•'" Sideways ' NEW 'YORK^K- ever a mother several other children darling with a fond gleam In her eye, jwt' about and upsetting »dults in the : not 10 entranced but whit -she'ein extra, and illent ranks; tcil-lhe shape of - dollar >t » "Plain and Fancy" employs « pices; hid ». chance to nudge her clutch of kids in'the Pennsylvania child onto Broadway W. is thii sea; Dutch '.family gathering «••"»« tbh'w.hen io'many Mays ire using young-people' '.hat the ranks of available' tot talents • ire: running thin.:/./" '.;••.'.'• ' ;less!than.eleven productions •hive either.chiidren or young peo- scenes, two of whom sing like larks and recite a long tone poem detailing the''vegetal wonders of Pennsylvania. ' . "The Chalk Garden" has M'ss Sipbhan McKennv of Ireland, » pie in them, indTh'e"portenTs''.7e "niss playing the role of a 16-year- th'it bef_re-.the\ season is. over. old... The only difficult thing, m next/April even, more will come Miss McKenna's case is the pro- tumbling In awash in youth. "A-Roomful of Roses' concerns itself .with .a child of ,divorc-d parent* who has convinced herself that: she ii rejected -> both. Miss Betty Xou Keim is the 15-year-old in the .< middle of her agonizing muddle and .-she is 'obly assisted nunciation of her first name, a Gaelic item best intoned as Shivon. Otherwise, she is an entrancing young creature and, what's more, able to act. by two 'Other teen-agers -and one- pre-teen boy. 'Four youngsters accounted for'in that play alone. Thomas L. Stokes GOP Holds Out Bait To DistresiAreas THERE FOLLOWED a demand for release of documents bearing directly on MacArthur's position. The Defense Department's recent 35,000-word report was in response. The report shows -that on Dec. 10, 1941, three days after Pearl Harbor, MacArthur urged Russia's entry into the Japanese war. From then "until after the Yalta meeting, which ran from Feb. 4 to Feb.-12, 1945, he is not on record as reiterating this view. Nor ..is there any conclusive .evidence he was consulted in preparation "for the Yalta conference. Thus the implication by Lehman that MacArthur's view was a factor at Yalta is not borne nut by the record. But if the record does not support Lehman, neither does it wholly back up MacArthur, who said'if asked he would h&ve urged against Russia's, entry. On Feb. 13, 1945, the day after Yalta ended. Col. Paul Freeman of the War Depart-, rr.ent, reporting to. Chief, of'Stiff General-" Marshall the substance-"of a;. lbng"con-.. versation with MacArthur, i .said'.;'fhe..gen". era! expected Russia-to seize territory in northern Asia. WASHINGTON — A change in political climate reveals itself in varied and interesting ways. Signs of the diminished confidence of the Republican party as it looks toward 1956 are discernible, for'example, in the hurried' • assembling I by Secretary of Agriculture Ezra Benson of a. program to check 'the income drop affecting farmers who are becoming restive politically. ' Agriculture is one troubled area creating .political anxiety. \ There, is another involving • in- 'dustry. a spotty and localized sore that, festers, howevei, in sections that are important politically in the East,-and New England,- and the industrial Middle West. ' These are the "distressed areas," as.they are called which are plagued by what is known as "chronic..unemployment" now of long duration in textile, railroad 'and mining industries with scattered stagnation in other states in other industries, including chemicals, aircraft, rubber, farm machinery and ordnance. further than the council has been willing to go before. Other Departments of government have been straining at the leash for bolder action, however. The Labor. Department, for .example, has long been concerned with this problem which is not only ' economic but human and social, but has been unable previously to get the go-ahead. , Early in the last Congress, after an exhaustive .study of the distressed area problem by.the Joint "Congressional Committee on the Economic Report, Senator Paul'H. Douglas, the chairman, introduced a comprehensive bill, but got .no encouragement from the Administration and little in Congress. The measure got nowhere. The major burden of.iolTiJig this problem, .the ;Pf«iid«t indited, must be done , by 'local dtiieni themselves. ' ; ."CAT. : ON A-HOr Tin Roof" swarms' with mo'ppetts. Memory is that'actually only four'are on the payroll, but -they. are such repulsive puppies that they seem many 'Wore.' ' •' •'' ' : "' ' ''. At several moments in the play the stage' seems' littered withjior- rible examples of childhood. Obviously,-Tennessee Williams is no warm admirer of the-young. He looks upon them as no-necked monsters, which is what he calls them in the-play.. . "Damn Yankees" hat several basebalUoving . kids in its cast, both boys and girls. "The Diary of Anne Frank" has the notable Misi Susan Strasberg, who at 16 or 1?,- whichever it may be, i» one of the dramatic rockets "THE TEAHOUSE of the August Moon" pays a raft of Oriental tads to be on hand at every performance, -as many as eight being loossed in"the cast. ' • "Tiger at the Gates" has a young girl in 'ler early teens who sits about and listens to the gloomy tidings uttered by Cassandra, whom she does not understand but .who gives her the shivers, nonetheless. . "Young and Beautiful." ah escapade detailing how a miss of 17 can hornswoggle .all the boys in sight and end up by being the unhappiest, girl in Chicago, employs a battalion of adolescents, all personable, glib, attractive and able to be on t stage for minutes at a time without giving the audience cause for anguish. STILL OTHER shows are in rehearsal with moppets on hand and willing to earn a buck at the job of acting. ... . This is the season in which any- of-the seiion.: Several other young one 17 years old or younger has persons are.in-the cast, but the ii on ly to stand at Broadway arid 90th ON FEB. 25, GENERAL Lincoln cabled Marshall that "MacArthur considers it essential that maximum number Oi Jap divisions be engaged and pinned down on Asiatic mainland, before, U. S.' forces strike. Japan proper. 1 ' 'On March 8, Lincoln, back- in Washington, further reported that MacArthur had said 'the nation should "make every effort" to get Russia into-the Pacific fighting. On June 18,' MacArthur cabled : Marshall • saying b. ;S. risk and loss in invading Japan would be much' less if an attack from Siberia (Russian soil) could be'launched well ahead of our own'target date. •'• MacArthur now states he viewed the Yalta decisions as binding once they had been tsken and transmitted to him. This -is possible. But it is not clear whether Freeman's Feb. 13 report reflected conversation before, during or just after Yalta. Historians free of today's .political atmosphere will have to decide what the general's real views were.in the months after Yalta, when he made repeated statements urging Russian entry into the Japanese war. You Eelcha : IN THE LEXICON of a certain small boy, "You betcha" is yes with a cherry on top. When this seven-year-old wants to express resounding approval of 'something, that's what he says. The boy's father naturally likes to hear those two • expressive words. Occasionally :. new toy elicits the magic phrase when some asks, "Do you like it?" More often, other.things not things bought; but things done together—will turn the trick. On a recent Sunday afternoon the boy and his family joined :riends for. a picnic. There was good food cooked over a bed of coals, and then hours of climbing- arid exploring among the bluffs. The boy scrambled - about the slopes like a mountain goat. He poked among shale outcroppings with a . sharpened slick and found.chunks of rock sprinkled with fossil shells. He .carried a rope and learned, to his delight.'that it came in handy in the steep places. They wound up the day with supper at the friends' house, and were home just a shade past school-night,bedtime. As the boy, scrubbed and pajamaed, climbed the stairs for the last time after goodnlghts, his father asked, "Have a good, time?" The small figure paused'at the bend of the stairs and replied with fervor, !"You betchal" The father rubbed a sensitive bruise, looked at a place scrap'cd raw on one of his hands, sank wearily into his chair, and smiled. : ' VOTERS in these pockets of distress, .which are isolated.from the. main -stream of prosperity, expressed their discontent., in ;last "November's Congressional elections, They contributed to some extent to the Republican loss of Congress, as was disclosed in post- elections analyses. Now. another election is in the offing. . .' • Belatedly^ and suddenly there, comes an announcement.from Dr/Arthur'.F." Burns, chairman" of the; President's -council of economic advisers, after a visit with the Presidential Denver, that the council is drafting a program embodying new measures of Federal aid for.the distressed areas to be sub- mitted'io Congress by the Presi- ,dent in January. They.go much NEARLY a year ago, in. late December, 1954, the initiative was taken in'the Labor Department by Undersecretary Arthur Larsen. .In a speech in Detroit he suggested a program embodying re-training of workers in displaced industries, travel allowances to other available jobs, and extension of unemployment benefits,for another 13 .weeks .beyond the" - statutory•;• 26 weeks for-those who-wo'uld take- rehabilitation courses to fit them for other 'jobs, .'y • But his proposals were .ignored b- the President's council of economic advisers and by the. President. • • • ••' '"•'-. Tn the economic report, he submitted to. Congress last January 20, the President confined', himself . to recommendations; to strengthen • tlie Commerce',' DeptemejiVs area development program! con'tinuatibri'! of quick amortization for new industries that would locate in distressed areas and distribution to industries in such areas of. as many distressed areas and distribution to industries in such ;areas • of as many defense contracts as 'possible. -. • ' ' ••'.•' NOW WE FIND the ; «wiicil of economic advisers recommending a federally-directed program which, according to the brief description by chairman Burns 'at Denver, seems, to approach, in some- respects 'that proposed by Senator Douglas. The latter, in i statement here, expressed pleisur. that the Administration, at long last, is coming around to proposals made long ago by him arid other Democrats. Whereas the Douglas. bill would set up an independent depressed area administration, directed ' by an administrator, chairman Burns would -. create an agency' within .either the Commerce.or,Labor Departments. :-'•'..•' •. '. ••-. He.also adopted the Douglas idea of Federal- loans to' distressed areas on a participating basis with, state and- local agencies-*nd private enterprise. : Such loans would-be for study of'Industrial potentials 'in : distressed-regions and'also for construction of new .industrial plants and facilities.; : ,. HOW, JfUCH further'the A'dmin-' istration plan might go chairman Burns did :not indicate. The Douglas bill embodies ni»ny other features, including re-training;, reemployment and"' vocational rehabilitation programs for the' uii- ..employed :«nd extension of ; unemployment benefits': for those who "accept;re-training-"-as urged 'by 'Undersecretary Larson; processing of surplus food-'fonhome and Insti- •tuUonal", use?in' areas ;of ; chroni.c unemployment, -and' grants' for' cofl- struction'iof needed-'public -facilities such-'as--schools, -hospitals, highways, • water Installations. •: and other communitf/facilities. : ' . '.'(United -FMtun.iynilielt*,' Iftcj -'• the pivotal charac'er. . : "FANNY" j abounds in children of all ages,' who. scamper and leap about as high as though not being paid for it.. "Inherit the :Wind," a drama fairly obviously based on the Scopes'evolution .trial in Tennessee,-not only has one lad as a principal with a speaking role, but Street-for a short time and along will come a job- and offer itself. The agents and the producers are combing the woods for kids 'with talent and some experience and if they haven't much of that, it can be taught them. Nonetheless, ladies: I have no way of getting jobs for your children. (McNMfhl Sjndlcile. Inc.) AP Reporter's Notebook " NEW YORK-The United 'States Army will •*•lose a hero this week but keep a legend.' The hero is Maj. Gen. William.-P.'D*an.r—• one of the bravest and best-loved officers in .-.. American military history. .. ; • . . ;f The legend this holder of the first Medal ~ • of Honor won in Korea leaves behind him is the epic story of the valor he showed on • the battlefield and his fortitude during rriort;,; than three years as a prisoner of war....... At 56, Gen. Dean, a onetime streetcar conductor and policeman, is winding up a •brilliant 32-year military career. - "'"• He will retire as deputy commander of '-•!the 6th Army after a final troop review in his yv honor at the historic Presidio of San Francisco. V t. Although some of his men revered • him -v: almost as if he were a 49th star In, the flagi _:• •:-. the general shrank from being publicly labeled •:—'•• a hero. . '•'• "I'm just a dog-faced soldier," he always -•'••• He was, too. His men liked him for that..;.;.; But he was something more also. He was a general of the old type, a .-.-., commander who, when the going.got really :,..., tough, liked to go-up front and lead his men.-.: iri combat personally. ... -.::., IN WORLD WAR II he won the distiri- ::; ' :; guished Service Cross, the nation's second:. highest award for valor, for leading his men .,,. on foot through a continuous artillery barrage,._.,. to knock out an enemy battery. , -' .','„'", It was the same brand of courage that;;;"" gained him the Medal of Honor in Korea. "'„., He became separated from hij men while;.".',"'. helping them fight a Red tank with hand;;'.,.; grenades and bazookas during a desperate •"""• holding action. . Dean hid for more than a month behind:,enemy lines—most of the time without food— .-.; until a Korean civilian betrayed him to the r-<; enemy. • • • -•-:': The enemy kept word of his capture secret. •'• Most of his men. thought him dead. .But the :, K example of his courage lived on. •• ;•. Soldiers rarely care much one way or- v, another for a general offjcer. He.is ordinarily :•;• remote from them. -...'. ---: I went to Korea as a reporter shortly..'.after Dean disappeared, and I was amazed. :; at the depth of feeling his men had for him. •> Some even broke into tears when they spoke ,,. of him. They felt as if somehow they had let him down. . .-••'.; .„;., Frederick Othman Plane Just 3 Tons Too Heavy WASHINGTON - A tall and handsome young fellow with a deep bats voice identified himself to the Congressmen as Lieut. Commander. Nicholas Smith, a Navy test pilot. ... •He checks' the hardware. This is what; the edmirals call th'ejri flying -machines. You doubtless have'read about a. particular chunk of hardware, known as the 'Detata Jet Fighter, -which killed four i men before it finally.., was grounded for good; Now trie lawgivers are investigating charges that its Westinghouse engines'were underpowered and'that we-taxpayers are going to lose .millions because the Demon-wouldn't fly.. PeierEdson t • ,-••''-•.' >-'' Prospects Gloomy For Disarmament WASHINGTON (NBA) — With, the -United Nations five-power subcommittee on disarmament'in recess while the Big Four foreign ministers wrestle with the problem at Geneva for a spell, a re-review on the lack of disarmament, progress is being made. - Eight high-ranking military leaders, industrialists and .educators have been assigned the job by the • so-called Secretnry J for Disarmament, Harold E. Stasscn. The -Eisenhower plan for exchange of military blueprints and aerial inspection is still said to be basic American policy. But this proposal—first made by the President at the Geneva summit meeting last July—has emerged as a greatly oversold, or at least overbought, bill of goods. The general assumption has been that the plan was a complete answer on disarmament. Washington sources now admit privately that the Eisenhower plan vas never intended to solve everything. It was a temporary solution only intended to allay the possibilities of sneak atomic attacks while permanent .arms limitation-is-being worked out. .. •• , r THE RUSSIANS'seem'to think, they have more to lose - than to • gain by this blueprint exchange. They point out that whereas the U. S. would, be given .access- to. Russian installations, Russia would not be given inspection rights Over U. S. bases in England. Europe, North Africa or the Far East,, which are on foreign soil. . . The Russians-also say that aerial inspection would not be enough. Ground inspection at ports, rail and highway centers would also be necessary. ..--,...!, . . In his letter to Marshall Bulgan- in, President Eisenhower indicates the. .United • States,.-will' go along on this. For if an effecti"e armaments inspection 'system can be set up, then the first great step will be taken to provide an effcc-' ,tive check on any disarmament program or- atomic bomb ban that might be worked out later. Great optimism has been « : pressed that at the U.N: disarmament talks in New.York this fall, Russian Delegate Arkady Sobolev admitted'-there "war- a possibility of "reaching'agreement on ill die- tails of- an 'acceptable 'system of disarmament." last year-at Loh- don, -all Ambassador: Jacob Malik did was make propaganda speech- History From The Times Files '^;, TEN YEARS AGO , October. 31, 1S45 "-;-"-• ," Mrs. Mary Remhoff, 59, fatajly . injured in fall from roof of porch ' at home in Bowling Green...,.'.. . No progress reported in contract- negotiations between Local 26, United Rubber Workers Union,-, and Kelly-Springfield Vir Com- • pany., Group of 13 local servicemen and Frostburg WAVE discharged from armed forces'at Fort Meade. -' . TWENTY YEARS AGO October 11, IMS American, Legion Post at Keyscr set plans for- dedication' of new homo on Armstrong Street. • . - Death of Dr. E. F;'Raphael; ;S7, of. 602 Washington Street. ''' '.V •Central''High School girls field ball team defeated Allegany High, (•7, (o -win - eighth county cham- pionship in 11-years of competition. :•;•:•-..:.:.": „'..".• '. THIRTY YEARS AGO . October 11, 1^25 , ... . ' Cumberland Contracting^. Com-, pany • deeded < remaining property • of Cumberland Hydraulic Cement and Manufacturing Company. ;.•.; . Several B&O cars ''railed in' accident at Polk .Street crossing. Mrs. Clara -B,' Hart, Frostburg, elected state councilor of Sons and Daughters of.LIbertyl •'.'•'-. , . • -. \ FORTY YEARS AGO .Oclober.il, MIS ', Gustave Knierlem -injured by automobile in accident, on North Mechanic Street. Employes of Footers Dye Works placed on ten-hoiir-day-basis. '•'• E, B*- Prltchsrd, >'Ffostburg, elected president of Christian Endeavor Union of AUegany County. ' SOBOLEV'S; firial' statement to the full. 12-nation, U. N. Disarms- .ment Commission. •• in. New York was something of 'this nature. He wanted to have the last word in putting blame for failure on. the United States, and taking Russia off that spot. .. .'-... The United States: has its own far-flung, multimillion dollar arms air program for non-Communist countries.-.The U. S. is urging Japan and Germany to rearm— faster. At North Atlantic Treaty head. .quarters in Paris; Gen. Alfre* M. Greunther appeals for. no .reduction on the arms budgets. The only US, defense cuts are to be made by firing civilian; employes. : RUSSIA has rearmed East Germany and North 'Korea. Russia has provided much of the heavy armament for Red China: Russia controls the Eastern European satellite armies. '-. .--.•. "-Russia has offered arms to Austria and Yugoslavia, to' Arabs and Israel. ; Communist Ctechoslovakia- thas delivered, .through the Soviet port of Odessa, the first shipment of a reported » 'million dollars worth of heavy arms for Egypt. - : REP. HOLIFIELD, chairman of the' r investigating- committee, did his dangdest to get the commander to-tell the details of his first brush with - the Demon, but ..Smith was too modest. ...'•'.'' •He took up; the.ship for the first time, he said,;and had to bail out. He.--said-it'.had' numerous good points; if;only its engines had de- livired- the -.power ,he'd expected. Other than that, young Smith wasrilt-talking. about himself. • It.turned out-that when, a test pilot-takes.up'a new'.ship, another pilot always trails along behind to spot.'anything_.tbat : might fall off. He" keeps'up a running commentary with -the'.man in the untested hardware 'up front and the whole cbnveriation is recorded on tape. -Rep. Holifield had a censored transcript of the talk between pilot R. C. Little and Commander Smith, high above St. Louis, Mo., in 1953. What he read went something like this. ;. craft vibrated. The plane was put into a'dive. Smtih: I made it, but I got a compressor stall. I'm down to 20 percent RPM. I think' I've lost pressurization. I'm finding it hard to talk. I get no response to the throttle. Little: I can see fire out of your tail. pipe. It looks pretty .hot Smith: I'm out of control. Little: Turn on your silver-cell pump. • Smith: It's oa. I'm getting no response on the stick. Little: Better get out of it, Nick. Your tail came off Nick, get out. Smtih: (No answer.) Little: (talking into the recorder) The tail is cpming down in one piece. At 18,000 feet the pilot ejected north of. Alton,. 111. The fuselage hit and is on fire. Cannot spot parachute. The tail still is floating down. Now see parachute. So a farmer picked up Lieut. Commander Smith and after three days in the hospital, he was good, as new. SMITH: I'm trying to get up (o blank alMtude. I'm burning too much fuel. Little: (in sn aside) a small explosion was heard and the air- • AFTER considerable yackety-yak on the part of the Congressmen, he said he knew of no other plane which had so much engine trouble. "But if we could have gotten the thrust we'd been promised,- it would have been one'of the best planes we had," Smith added. The trouble seemed to be that the Navy asked the Westinghouse company to build a jet engine suitable for .1 fighter plane weighing 22,000 pounds. When the first engine was delivered the plane weighed 29,000 pounds. That was three tons more than originally specified and the engine simply ' didn't have the oompf to handle it. This explanation is my own. I've listened to the experts, but I had to make my'own translation of their gobbledygook. If I'm mistaken they can correct me. (United Feature Syndlcite, Inc.) Sa-TheySay Danger • If tolerance cannot be found in the schools' and churches, in the shop and market place, it will no;.where be found. —Attorney General Browned denounces "professional bigots." Children just grow up to be unrestricted people. The world is go- ini to restrict a person when he grows up or he'll be in'trouble. When is a better time to learn than in childhood? —Dr. Leslie Hohman, Durham, N.C.i criticizes parents who are too: lenient. .If (Averell) Harriman were • President he would give'/away the Indian chief on top of the Capitol dome. -Sen. Allen J. EUender (D-La). the Turk-Araq-P»kistan-Britiih defense alliance. . In' the light of -these deeds; all the. words about reduction of armaments are made meaningless. ; This Is interpreted as the real reason .why U. N. disarmament talks seem so futile. . Barbs "--; ^...;--, A doctor say* it's healthier, to kiss a girl's photo than the. 1 girl. Some people enjoy'spoiling our fun. The fellov who always barks at his wife'Is entitled to lead a dog's '• As early as. October, 1M1, when I returned'from Moscow to report to President Roosevelt, I stated 'that in my opinion's! long as Mob- tor was foreign minister it would be difficult, if not impossible'for us to come to any understanding with the Soviet government. —Averell Harriman'says it would be "good news", for America U Russia's Mototov were removed as foreign minister. ' ' ' ' • -Inspiration'. through • dissipation seems to be the motte~bf the day. I don't IHte It.. .,':..-• —Bernard 3erenson, famed art historian, on today's young art- Ists and-writers. EVERY NOW and then, during the past few years, a- doctor or public health expert has called attention to' the potential danger of barbiturates. These warnings have finally prompted Congress to investigate. A house ways and means subcommittee has been trying to decide whether federal control of such drugs is advisable. There is good evidence that some sort of additional control—if not by law, then through the .medium of publjc. education—is:needed. For although narcotics addiction is declining in the United States, the use of sleeping pills is on the increase. One expert testified that enough such pills are sold annually to put every man, woman and child to sleep tor 23 .days. Assistant Surgeon General G. Halsey Hunt told the subcommittee that the effects of barbiturate addiction, in extreme cases, "are more serious; harder to treat and more 'damaging to the individual than .opiate addiction," His views were supported by Dr. Kenneth Chapman chief of the Public Health Institute's netiro-psychiatric branch, ; ' . Such warnings cannot be ignored. They do not mean that no one shouM take sleeping pills. They do most certainly mean that barbiturates should'.be taken only under' the direction of a physician. It might be wise for Congress to place these powerful drugs under the watchful eye of federal nar- cotks legislation. DURING HIS long ordeal as a prisoner,, kept in solitary confinement, Dean's, reddish '.' hair turned gray. He counted flies and worked" mathematical problems in his head to"- keep '. from going crazy. Once, fearing he would lose his mind er break Under torture and reveal the secret of America's plan for the defense of Japan, he even plotted suicide. -.' Since his release, Dean has shown a remarkable sympathy 'and understanding of^ the problems of American war prisoners. With a rectitude painful to behold he has resisted attempts to lionize him, even implied he was a darn fool ever to let himself get caught. All (o no avail. He has proved himself a hero on many battlefronU, and whether he'' likes the idea or not, he will live as a top hero in his nation's annals. One thing about Gen. Dean is certain: He never liked being a desk soldier, and nobody is likely to give him a swivel chair as a going-away present. (AllocliUd Prtll) George Dixon > • >f The Washington Scene -; OSLO—With my eyes wide in admiration and wonderment I went sightseeing in this ' fascinating northern land today. 1 wanted my bride to accompany me but she was too busy - ; reading what to see in Norway, 50 I had to go '•' alone. By a stroke of luck I had only walked two blocks when I ran into Princess Astrid.. I' : figured something big was afoot, but it turned ^ out she had only come downtown to do some " shopping. I followed, but nothing worth ' reporting happened. She wasn't even joined by;" a Norwegian Capt. Townsend. ' ' : . When I got back to our room in the Bristol • my bride looked up from her instructive. '••' reading and asked me if I was aware that:-Norway's royal family was quite democratic. •"'•' "Yeh," I said. "I just finished taking a •'•>• stroll with Princess Astrid." . :v. MY LOVED ONE gave me a stare of pure: :• hatred. "You are just making that up to annoy me" she snapped, "because I was looking the wrong way when the King came out of the -: palace in Stockholm, and I was looking -at J. the people in the back seat when the Queen •••.-• was driving the car in Copenhagen." I. will admit that the companion of my joys and sorrows has had malign luck withr. Scandinavian royalty on this vacation trip. -... She has blown all three royal houses. ..'; In Stockholm she put aside her sightseeing ....; guide book long enough to walk the two blocks, "„ . from our hotel to,the Swedish royal palace. .A ... limousine was standing in front of the royal-: quarters and a polite attendant suggested that ;j „• we might care to tarry in the vicinity for a _.., few minutes because His, Majesty was about to. . come out and take a ride. . My bride surveyed the-vintage auto dubi-_'.'. ously, but deigned to wait. Just then she heard : ? a hand coming up the hill, and someone told'.r her they were about to change the palace guard. She.raced out into the courtyard. When?" she returned to my side she was' all agog. "IT WAS TERRIBLY impressive!" she gurgled. "The guards all moved in such precision—whcre's that car?" "Oh," I replied offhandedly. "The King came out and drove off in it. I think you would have liked him. He seems to be a very nice fellow." . I had just about gotten her placated when it was time to board our Scandinavian airlines plane for Copenhagen. We took a bus tour to North Zealand because she had read all about Elsinore castle and wanted to explain in detail —and on the scene—that Hamlet never saw the place much less soliloquized in it. The bus was proceeding down a country road near Frederiksborg when the guide pointed to an approaching car and said: "Here comes the Queen!" When the car had passed, my bride, turned reproachfully to the guide and declared: "That wasn't the Queen! Those were all children!". "Madame," contradicted the guide, "you only looked at the people in the back seat. The Queen was driving!" IT .IS A FACT the royalty Ii pretty i informal in the Scandinavian countries. Mem- ' bers -of the. reigning families are familiar • sights Ih the city streets and on country roads. ' And they don't do much to attract-attention. So far not a Scandinavian princess has played • , will-I? won't-I? while the Archbishop went on ''. a wild canterbury. : , : '-.'.'. ,' ! -We- hate-to leave Scandinavia. There's-io ; : much to see, the people' are so good-looking- • ' and.the food is so superb. The little shrimps ! they serve on a hunk of lavishly-buttered white • •: bread are .worth the trip alone, . '. (Kiig nnun<, IM,) ;

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