Little Known About Thieves, Extent of Losses— Rustling, Farm Thefts Reach $3 to $5 Million a Year in Iowa By Kelley Manning (Drake University Journalism Student) (Distributed by Iowa Daily Press Association) DES MOINES —' Rustling and farm thefts have been estimated at $3-$5 million annually in Iowa, but very little is known about who the rustlers are or how much is being stolen. The chief reason is that no state law enforcement agency has statewide centralized data. George Orr, executive director of the Iowa Crime Commission, and Duane Barton of the Bureau of Criminal Investigation could not break down the $3-$5-million estimate into livestock and chemicals because the information is so dispersed. Sgt. Al Chrystal of the Iowa Highway Patrol terms this non- centralization of crime data High Spirited Yough celebrates proclamation of Cambodia as a republic. Proclamation culminated six months of political change since ousting of Prince Siha nouk. 2 fori SALE HOOVE* CONVERTIBLE It Beats, as it Sweeps, as it Cleans Upright Vacuum Recommended by Carpet Experts HOOVER CONSTELLATION The canister that offers more of what you want in a cleaner. Tank Type —Best for Above the Floor Cleaning Both for $88 HEIRES ELECTRIC a "real weakness in our system." Rustling cannot be effectively fought because there is no central repository for information, said Barton. "We could gain a pattern if we had the information." "We only catalogue what our state agents handle," said Barton, adding that this limited information is "definitely a disadvantage." Liddy said that the "volume" stolen and the "efficiency" of the thieves are signs that organized crime is involved. Orr and Barton agreed. "It is difficult to nail down stolen goods," said Liddy. With today's fast trucks and modern highways, rustlers quickly can be in surrounding' states, he said. Monitoring police broadcasts is another advantage rustlers have. "I blame the retailers as much as I do the stealers," said Barton, adding that retailers should realize something is wrong when they buy cattle at discount prices. A lot of stolen property has gone through Des Moines, Sioux City and the northeast part o the state, he said, with much of the rustling occurring during the spring and early summer. Both Liddy and Orr said most of the stolen cattle is going into Missouri. "It makes sense that the cattle in the southern tier of Iowa counties would be taken to Missouri to get rid of them quickly," said Orr. An example of rustling techniques cited by Liddy was the ploy of fake lightning rod salesmen. By asking the farm owner when the "salesman" could come to a farm, rustlers find out when the farmer will not be home. Another method is to telephone the farm residence to see if someone answers. Dr. E. A. Butler, chief of the Animal Industry Division of the Iowa Department of Agriculture, says refrigerator trucks are used by rustlers with compressors providing air for the cattle. In Kansas, helicopters have been used to take away cattle after they've been slaughtered on the ground. In Mis souri, Cadillacs have been used to steal pigs because of passenger space in the large, fast cars. Usually, cattle are loaded into regular cattle trucks at night. "Much of the rustling done ins't reported at all or not soon enough," said Butler. Why? Because cattle are turned out to pasture where there are automatic feeders and waterers, and left alone, said Butler. Farmers often will not report missing cattle until it's too late because they think the cattle have strayed. It's also hard to keep track of cattle when a farmer has two or three widely scattered farms. The problem with farmers' insurance and the delay in reporting missing cattle is that insurance contracts stipulate the farmer must notify police within 24 hours after the theft and have definite proof, said Edward J. Hereon, special representative for Grinnell Mutual Reinsurance Co. "What makes it so difficult for the farmer and the insurance man is the requirement of proof of loss," he said. In an attempt to find ways and means of dealing with the state's reustling problem, Herron and Liddy have come up with a possible answer — FARM (Fight Against Rustlers and Marauders). Our Doors Are Open The residents and staff invite you to visit our New Home and join us for coffee. Carroll Health Center 2241 N. West St. — Phone 792-9284 CARROLL RESIDENTIAL — INTERMEDIATE — SKILLED PROFESSIONAL NURSING CARE Herron said FARM was started two years ago with a $1,000 grant by the Iowa Crime Commission to kick off the voluntary organization. Pins with "FARM" were handed out to acquaint farmers with the program. To further acquaint people with FARM, a leaflet has been produced by Grinnell Mutual Reinsurance Co. in cooperation with concerned state departments. The leaflet gives tips to help curb livestock thefts: light areas around buildings and chutes; keep fences in good repair; have neighbors watch premises when gone; apply for and use registered Iowa brands; report all suspicious characters to law enforcement officials. The pamphlet says: "Join FARM and cooperate with law enforcement officials." "We hope there will be company financing of FARM," said Butler. "Electric companies are involved because they will furnish the future farmyard lighting." Dr. Butler went to a recent brand conference in Lincoln, Neb., and said FARM "received a lot of favorable comments from neighboring states at the convention." Besides Iowa, representatives from Wyoming, North and South Dakota, Nebraska, Missouri and Kansas discussed rustling and Times Herald, Carroll, lo. Wednesday, Nov. 4, 1970 problems in brand recording. Though Iowa is the nation's leading beef feeder state there are only 3,714 registered brands in the state compared to around 40,000 in Nebraska. The voluntary Iowa brand registering law went into effect July 1, 1965, said Mrs. Viola Anneberg, state brand registrar, who also attended the conference. The primary reason for the law was to facilitate the mixing of stock. Brands also are used by large corporations or partnerships, which have swallowed up smaller farms, to sort their different stock. In the lower three tiers of counties in Iowa it's necessary to brand, Mrs. Anneberg said, because of cattle density. The range states' programs are "far ahead of ours," she said. "We've been unschooled except in paperwork." 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