BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE liniUl W A WT ML'Uiuu A r»L-.i» f^t* vr^., , . ~..~ . ..... . ^^^ VOL. XLIV—NO. 74 Blylhevlllc Courier lilythcville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blylhevtlle Herald THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OK NORTHEAST AKKANSAS AND SOUTHBASt MISSOURI ^^.^M-m^ Biy^vUtegaiiyN.,, BlythevUle Herald B1ATHKV1U.K, ARKANSAS. SATURDAY. JUNKj!9_1948 EIG HT PAGFS ~ SENATE PASSES COMPROMISE DRAFT BILL GOP Field Wide Open; Platform Writing Delayed Four to 70 Ballots Seen — By Lylc C. Wilson (United 1'ress Staff Cnrranamlent) PHILADELPHIA, June 10. IUP7 —A wiae open Republican National Convention with four to ten ballots necessary to nominate n presidential candidate was shaping up here today as the GOP clan g:ith- tnercd in n mood of exuberant confidence. So far, this convention wears no man's collar There isn't a boss in sight who can control it as of today. The battle of ballots will be a brawling a ff:iir with no holds- punches barred. A stop-Dcwey movement of some proportions uas developing in a S3 whirl of maneuvering before tt\y convention opens Monday. Sen. Robert A. Tali's chance to win the presidential nomination bulged upward with these activities. GOV. Thomas E. Dewcy of New York is practically assured of position ballot now Congress to Give Cue British Set Up Air Travel in Face of Soviet Blockade Latest Russian Move Caused by Currency Reform in W. Germany BERLIN. June 19. (U.P.>—The British set up an aerial shuttle between Berlin and the West today to handle the traffic cut off by the'journ tonight By James F. Donovan United Press Correspondent PHILADELPHIA, June 19. (UP) — Republican platform writers lookc-.l to congress today for their cue on the housing issue. In an effort to avoid an open fight ICM '>y currency over this politically-hot subjcc:, Western zones, members of the GO resolutions com- ] All British passenger traffic lo jnluee decided to delay writing a nnd f-' >m Berlin will be by air b?- housing plank until Congress com- | ginning Inte today, military gov- pleies aciion on a home-building j eminent authorities announced. planes were being brought continent from England to Adjournment Tonight Termed 'impossible by Speaker Martin WASHINGTON. June 19, lU.P.)—House Speaker Joseph w. Martin Jr., R., Mass.. jaid today he believes It k "Impossible" lor CongreM to meet its adjournment deadline of midnight tonight. "Unless there Is a general break all along the line, nn adjournment by tonight Is Impossible." Martin told a reporter. "I see no pros|>ects for such a general brcnk," Martin later modified his position slightly in a formal statement to the House, He said 11 will be "very difficult, if not Impossible" to ad- reform In the : bill. Senate and House Republicans i are poles apart on the issue. !' to tfw night is by keeping order «:id trunx- nctlng business properly," he suid. Martin said that even should it be possible to complete legislative action on the draft bill today It would still l>e Impossible lo adjourn. "We've just go too much lo do," he siild. 7 Major Bills Pendi, ng— WASHINGTON, June IB. (UP) — With Congress shooting for ail- Joiiinnmeiit tonight, the.sc major bills remained to b« acted on: Appropriations—r\nir bills c»r- lying Mine * 18,000,000,000 still nwult final action. Atomic Energy Commission terms —Hill lo extend present terms ot atomic commissioners for two years requires Semite approval. Thi! House already has okayed it. Displaced persons—Tho Semite must stamp final npprovnl on compromise bill to admit up to '_'05,0.10 OP's to enter the U.S. the House approved It yesterday. F.nm program—Si- ever, yesterday pushed through a bill without these features. Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio, sponsor of Ihe original senate measure and' a leading GOP presidential the first'"'^residential' ! candidate,. has expressed the hoye scheduled for next 1 tllal Sclll "e and House leaders can top Thursday. That situation is draw- < umk ollt differences in their two ing some of the others toward in- i versions in conference. The piai- formal alliance against him, al- j form writers hope so, too. though each will remain oii his I They want u> adopt a Housing own. Rcporls of a possible Tatt- ] l'la"k acceptable to all segments of Stassen deal persisted Duff Leads S<op-I)oivcy Drive Gov. James H, Duff of Pennsylvania Is emerging as a bulwark "of the Stop-Dcwcy movement. Duff is in bitter conflict for control of the fat 73-vote Pennsylvania delegation. He is estimated to have about -10 at his command. The Pennsylvania party wing led "i Joseph R. Oruncly and Nation- '^J<S<»n'iiitteeman G. Mason Owlett iif plugging for Dewcy and apparently controls most of the other delegates. Pennsylvania has become a key state for both Taft and Dewey forces and the Senator has been gaining strength there after a late- start. A Pennsylvania csu'us Sunday night probamy will not bring the dispute to a showdown. Not much more is expected from that meet- Ing than agreement to cast • the state's first ballot or so to a favorite son, sen. Edward Martin. The break will come if and when Martin steps aside and Pennsylvania delegates must decide where to so. Taft, Gov. Earl Warren of California or Sen. Arthur H. Van- the party. And they are looking pleadingly to their Congressional leaders to provide the formula. To Start IMaUorm Today Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., o! MnssachuseU. 1 ;. chairman of the Kesoluliom Committee, said lie hoped to begin drafting the pla 1 ,- form before night-fall and to have I mark replacing and it completed Monday night. It will j the virtually worthies traffic restrictions were not made public at onec. List Easter week when a similar situation was In ef-j i feet. A u. S. air route was set up. I The full extent and implications of the border blockade were not op- j parent at once. All inter-zonal pass-' cngcr (rain traffic was suspended.! Hut fiere had been little if nny I passenger travel by train since the [ March crisis. Early reports were that inotor traffic to Berlin wast stopped, but could continue out of Berlin to the West. Currency Kcform RUmcd The new tangle, the latest in a long series, was brought on by the currency reform amendment yesterday by the Americans. British and French. They will put in circulation tomorrow a new DcuUche invalidating Ueichsiuark. be presented to the full convention ! T1 >e Western allies forbade the HewCoal Dispute Injunction Looms Fact-Finding Board Named by President^ Via Taft-Hartley Act WASHINGTON, June 10, (UP) President Truman today cleared the way for the government to get a new no-strike order against the United Mine Workers by appointing a board to report on the dead- long- bill, refusing Ihe Senate's ranee program. Housing—The House wants the Senate to accept Us bill which U without the public housing or slum clearance provisions. The Senate Is standing fast ou Us own version | which includes these controversial features. Foreign aid-Senate and House conferees were reported many millions of dollars apart on their figures for the Mill-shall Plan »nd uth"r projects. Federal pay raises—Senate lenders planned tc. mend the Houw- npinoved bill, then send it to conference. Apparently dead for tills session of Congress were the Mnndt-Nixon Communi.st-conlrol bill, oleo tax ru- liualor, civil rlxht.s, fcderal-ald-to- educutloii .and bill lo extend Social Security benefits. . Lodje salrt p->tly -that ,th°. 1948 plalform will have the" "strongest internationalist foreign policy plank in the history of the party." And it was understood that it also wou.d contain a plank calling for passage of a vigorous civil rights, program. The housing issue was brought More the Labor and Social Welfare Subcommittee by presidential hpjicfyl Harold E. Stassen. He de- cfenberg or Michigan might get ihe mi<lltie<1 - among other things, that shot-ln-the-arm lift Duff nnd his j the Republican Party endorse at faction are capable of delivering I lrast temporary government cou- Dewey Gets Support ° \ structioii ar.d ownership of lo'x- Dewey managers were far from alarmed but they would rest easier currency. Unconfirmed reports ' emerged from Hamburg that several divisions of Russian trcops had moved up to the xo:ial border to enforce travel restrictions and control the currency. German passenger trains, which carry no personnel of the Western allies, were being stopped at the Hehnstedt cheek post. The German Mr. Truman named a three-man fact-finding board under the pip.' cedures of the Taft-Hartley Uw Ibr. dealing with strikes. 17 He directed that the board report back under the "national welfnre' provisions of the labor law by June 23. "In my opinion." (he president's executive order said, "such dispute threatens to result in a strike or lockout nflecting a substantial part If they could budge Duff from his opposition. First blood In pre-convention skirmishing was drawn by 1 Dewey when the Republican National Committee voted 48 tJ -H to reject a IB-vote Georgia delegation favorable to Taft and to seat a delegation favorable to the New Jlj-k governor. This decision will ^appealed to the credentials coyx- mittee nnd may be taken 'to the convention floor for a showdown vote. AM candidates and dark horses are expected to be on tlie ground here .tomorrow. Taft, VandcnberK and Speaker Joseph W. Martin. Jr!. arriving from Washington where Congress Is' trying without much luck to- clean up it* business nnd adjourn tonight. There is a powerhouse of Vandenberg sentiment already evident here although the Senator cannot even have a shot at the target unlil De-.vey and Taft have had their chance. But if the convention snitches nronnd for a compromise candidate Vandenberg could be the man. cost homes. Acknowledges Opposition This is the very point that lias split the party in Congress. Sta-ssen said he realized there was powerful opposition within the party to such a. plank. But he said that if the platform writers ignored its conservative wing on the housing I issue, "we will sweep the country." The subcommittee promised to j consider Stassen's plea, but. it was learned, members are inclined tc hold-off their housing recommendations until congress acts. As one member put it: "It \vould be foolish of us to tr»- and commit the Republican Parly on the subject of housing when our own senate and House leaders are so far apart. We've gor, to wait and see what they can work out in the ralure of a compromise." There was no indication what the platform writers would do if Con- gre.5s adjourns tomorrow night without taking action on a housing bill. passengers alighted there, were screened, and then were permitted I of the bituminous coaf induslrv' lli™^.. 1 ?,""!? 5 tc b ° ard ll ' c Berlin . . which strike or lockout.' if perl mitted to occur or continue will trains inside the Soviet zone. Angers Soviets House to Hold Jury Settles Dispute i -^ - c Over Cotton Grown in '47 j (Jut I Or jf OD~ A JU'.y in Mississippi County cjr- y-» m, r»,it cilit court yesterday fixed at $94 iT/TTn rfirm Kill the amount owed by George Cox as; >*•••*/ * Ul III Dill a tenant, to o. .5. Rollison nndj connection with cotton WASHINGTON, June ID. —(UP) , , . The amount will be paid others. In grown last year on the defendant's - Rep. Clifford Hope, R., Kans., j said today will let the wartime farm to the I price support program die rather ; Senate's long-range tile balance turned over: ' The chairman of the House Agri- i tie defendants claimed •culture Committee told a reporter, tenner nnn (!,„ ? ? e i h< «™vcr, that he expects the Senate Jf?™ta? t»il *£"' *•- -- d - t - to 3 "" k Us " roerrvm tn tavor of a occur or continue imperil the national health and safety." I/aw.ver Named Chairman David L. Cole, a Patterson. N. J., lawyer, will serve as chairman of the board of inquiry. The otiier two members arc E. Wight Bnkke, professor of economics at Yale University, and Wnldo Emamiel Fisher, professor of industrial relations nt the University of Pennsylvania. The appointment of the inquiry board Is a necessary preliminary to I P eil n Recovery Plan completed. Soviet officials angrily denounced the currency reform for Western Germany and refused a French bid to hold a new meeting of the paral- ysed Konimandatura to discuss its effect on Berlin's economic life. The socialist Unity (Communist) Party said circulation of a new currency in Western Germany placed Berlin in an "impossible position." A party manifesto claimed that the only solution to Berlin's plight would be to attach all of "Greater Berlin" to the economy of the Soviet zone. This was not explained but in the Russian view greater Berlin includes nil three Western zones. The New Dcutscheiuarlc i 5 scheduled to be introduced into the Western zones gradually. Germans will receive 40 Deutscheinraks tomorrow and another 20 In two months, based on an even exchange with Reichs-1 11 determination of what miners arc marks. The value of their reihain- eligible for pensions. ing Reichsmarks will be determined! Atu ' r hearings, the Inquiry board later, but it Is bound to be neglible i w '" submit its report to Mr. Tru- Tlie first official Russian reaction! """'• was to order the Soviet Zone closed i Attcr ft ' s made, the president Unofficial reports said the Russians i can direct the attorney general to last-Ditch Battle OnE Driver is Killed As Truck Plunges Info Deep Wafer Mittourian Victim Of Accident South of Burdctr* on Hwy. 61 l-eonard Smith, 57. farmer of Herd-ami. Mo, was killed Instantly at 0:30 lust night when Hie fuim truck he was driving struck K Highway 61 bridge railing one ami one-hull jnllM South of Uurdcttc and turned over In * rnlncd-swelled drainage cannl. According |o Sheriff Wlllinm Hrr- rymau, who with Deputies Cliff Cannon and Hilly Vkwen of Os-! ceoln nnd clarence Montgomery <>f lilythcville, investigated the accident. Smith apparently wan Intoxicated and driving a t „ ),| K |, ,.„(„ ot speed when he struck the brldne rnlllng. Mr. Smith Is survived by his widow who snld this morning that he wns en route to nnMrop, La, to visit a sister. The Nunnlly Fun- : oral Home In Charleston, Mo., will tnke the body to Hastrop where funeral services will be conducted. Mr. Smith formerly lived in IJas- trop i 'Hie truck, » one-nnd onc-lmlf ton Internntlonal, turned completely over In the ditch and was more than three-fourths submerged In the nuuldy wntcr with only the rear wheels nnd chnssls nx[K>scd. Sought (or Accident H«r« Bherlff Bcrryman slated thnt It 1ms not been determined whether Smith died from Injuries received m the accident or whether he was drowned,'However, an attendant nt the Swift Funernl Home in Osceola, where the body w« 5 taken .snld this morning that Swlth n-ns believed to have received a broken neck. Sheriff nerrymnn stated that Smith's truck curlier lust night sldcswlpcd a 1847 Mercury scdnn belonging (o T. F. "Doc" Dean which wns pnrked In front of Biy- thevillc High School ou West Clllckaxawba Street and fulled to stop. He stated that South Ml.i- County Men 19-25 Face 21-Months Duty; House Okay Seen . WASHINGTON, June 10. (U.P.)— In an uproariou. *«- sion, tlie Sotmto lodiiy passed n compromise bill to draft tk« tuition'* youth H) IhroiiKli 25 yearn of age ' rflj '° r IX Beared the way foe th. Senate \»mtu K q by voluntarily muling his filibuster Rites Arranged liil Of GOP Effort to Compromise Bil[» United By John I, I'rcss SUff Correspondent WASHINGTON, June 19. (UP) — The Republican high command In Conjjrtss turned Ibe heat on House Economy Chief John Tabcr today in a last-ditch effort to compromise (lie billion-dollar fight on foreign aid spending. Mr. Dean's c«r was damaged considerably. Victim Die* In Cab Mr. Smith's body was pulled from —. -j,........ .„..._, n , vo jrui.LM mull | ixiiiluniii Lituirn unit 11 years bo the submerged cub of the truck by | fore Joining Hie Army. While In the Spjl. W. I,. Kcrmison MUllnry services will Ire conducted for ssl. Willie u Ferguson, 31, whoso body Is being returned from the Philippines, «t the Holt Funeral Chapel Wednesday at i p. m. by the Rev. Allen D. Stewart, pastor or the. First Methodist Cliurch Burial will be In tho Memorial park Cemckry. SWKiiiml Ferguson's body will arrive In Blythevllle Tuesday with mllita:y escort. Sergcnnt Fcrcu<r)n, who was the husband of Mrs. Fwnkle a. Ferguson, P20 South IJlly street, killed during the Maffln Hay Cam- palun June S4, 1944. on New Guinea He fir.1t served with the nlylhcvllle Nnllon.il Clunrd Unit 11 years bc- ... •*ilnl 10:a. m., EOT. Ffn.1! iwssnge of tin cotnpromU* Jl-uionth draft came after th« Bcnate first approved It by voic« vote and then ,roverscd lt«lf. The compromise bill now goe< to ic House, which is expected to fivi t niilclt approval and send It to thi White House for President Tru- miln's signature. It calls lor registration of til men 19-lhrou B l)-25. The draft wouid no Into effect 90 days after Its «n- iictmeiit. Draftees would »ervt Jl month:. Originally. th« House had roled to limit sci-vlce to 12 month* wid In delay the draft at lea*t until next Jan. 31. The senate originally had voted for W montta' s«rvlc«- Tlie coiiiiiroiiiLse was agreed upon by Senate-House confere«i. They acted unofficially since Taylor'« filibuster had blocked naming of the Semite conferees. But once hU Illlbusler ended, tho conferees hud (lie compromise bill all ready to b« acted upon. The final approval by tho senate of the bill was by Tolo* vote. In Snulnn U Hours Action on^the measure c*ma »f- tcr a continuous session of mor» limn 23 hours and one of the most complicated parliamentary tangtw In recent congressional history. First, the senate succeeded la Allwrt Owens of Dyess and nn unidentified Negro, who were ncnr the scene of the nccldent. Smith was dend when officers arrived, Sheriff Bcrryman slid. Two suitcases were found In the truck following the accident. Sher- Workltig frantically to engineer a ] iff nerryirmn stated, Indicating the settlement and adjourn, the leaders sought to end a "complete disagreement" which last night broke off Senate-House compromise efforts. TliLs i s the tack the GOP leaders took: 1. A direct appeal to Tnbcr to relent nnd send Republicans to their national convention with the Euro- seeking a court order to delay a walkout by John L. Lewis' 400,000 coal miners- Even as Mr. Truman appointed the board, attorneys for Le\vis argued before Federal Judge T. Alnti Goldsborough on the miners' pension dispute. Coal operators have filed suit blocking nny payments from the 1947 welfare flmrl pending 2. Efforts to wean the other eight House conferees away from Tatar's uncompromising stand and, If necessary, vote the House appropriations chairman down. 3. The open threat of kcepln? Congress In session, and returning after the Philadelphia convention to finish the Job. There weic indications that tlia leadership would bring the conferees together for a showdown Inter today, although no meeting actually was scheduled. It was expected that the combined efforts of Hoiue Speaker Joseph W. Mnrtln, Jr., Semite President Arthur H. Van- reform of their own. ».». ujiiumii, W in DC paid lo lliel price support l>] defendants from funds in the hands; than accept the i °L± U -??$^,* h » « innc ? th ' ! •""> Program. tn .* that 5262.50 " . ; 11J Jll«IIV *10 1/1 Ug I LVI.I1 III I tlVur OI ft disputed stop-gap House bill extending the June 23. Light c '° enco " ra 6e farm- I l.ition is not p.isfed, farm price sup[ pnn.s will fall back to lower prewar level. The Senate cither will accept our —The Hm,« ,~J '9-—<UP) i bill or there will be no farm legisla- —The House today approved and J lion." - Compromise Highway Bill Goes to Truman WASHINGTON, yerda yesterday. deserves and puss It in the few • approved by the j hours remaining before Congress 'quits lor the convention," h« iaid. Jaycces in Steele Sponsor Contest To Select Beauty Several Steele, Mo., beauties have already entered the beauly contest sponsored by the Junior Chamber of Commerce, and a jaycee committee composed of Larrv Gammeter Phillip Koury and Jesse uizzell arc at work completing plans ~_ . their second annual beauty i Tflfa I c int to be condition v^roH« ftr ^«,. I • **»*<• 3 night to prevent a strike for 80 days. i H - °-' wild prevail. The miners begin their annual I Tafl n " lri5 Ace Carti vacation next Saturday. Thcyprob-! Ta ' t hcl(i Perhaps the ace card. ably would not return to the pits As Republican Policy , Committee when their holiday ends Julv 6 un-! Chairman, he said that he was "quite prepared" to stay in session or meet alter the convention until "a satisfactory »ettlement can be reached." "I'm quite prepared to stand with Sen. Vandenberp,'s view <mrt carry out om- monil commitment to Europe," he said, Vandenberg reiterated his contention that most if not all of ths SI.24ft.COO.COO cash spending request for ERP be met. He said in a radio- less the government has a~court order With a Tuft-Hartley injunction, the government could postpone a strike for 80 days. Week's Rainfall In Messco Area pageant to be conducted Wednesday 1 at the Semo Theater in Sleele. The winner of the contest will represent Steele in the Hayti Lions' Club Maid of Cotton Contest, for the selection of Miss Southeast Missouri The winner of the Miss Southeast Missouri title will be sponsored by the Hayli Lions Club as-a candidate in the National Maid i Weather n of Co'.ton contest in Memphis. i ported pre< Rainfall yesterday and last night brought to 2.32 Inches the total for the week to rejuvenate Mississippi County crops which were beginning to show damage from the dry weather of the past six weeks. R. E. Htaylock, official observer Blythcville for (he United States ;r Bureau, this morning re- precipitation of .91 of one possibilities of R second passenger. An Investigation Is being made this morning to determine whether or not Smith was traveling nlone at Army he served In the Aleutian' nnd thn south Pacific with the 6tl: Division. Survvors other than his wife Include a son nntl dniigliter, Leon nnd Mnry Ann Ferguson; his parents. Mr. nnd Mrs. W. A. Ferguson all of' ulythevlJle; three brothers Chcrit'.-r Ferguson of Pine Bluff nm Tommy Jos nnd uruco Porguson o c lilylhevllic; and three skiers, Mnry lUchardson. Mrs. Oracle the time. However, It Is believed I Hamm and Mrs. Kntie Davis all that he was alone In the track be- j of Ulyiht-villc. ' cause no truck of & second body was found, he snld. Smith's denth brings to nine the total traffic fatalities In Mississippi County this yenr. Three of the nine were killed In accidents during May, rnn°( comes.. . ., ........... >„ .„, „, , in Stecle between 19 and 25 Inch since the reading at 7 unnlarrled n <as' enter the Interior Department's Appropriation Bill Passes', WASHINGTON, June 19.-(UP> i r !l e S ?,1Jf e today ) >assc <l and sent to the White House a S407.836974 appropriation bill to operate the Interior Department in the fiscal year beginning July. The bill put up the money for Blythcville's maximum reclamation projects ond other In- | was 80 degrees, and terlor Department «tlvitl«. morning was H degree*. Friday when .92 of nn Inch was reported for the previous 24-hour l>e- riod. Except for the rain this week, only .42 of an inch had been recorded on June 5. The weather forecast. Issued by the Little Rock Weather Bureau this morning, calls for partly cloudy weather with thundershowers lu scattered areas In the eastern pnrt ot the state and cooler temperatures ' in the northwestern portion. television interview that he would prefer no EHP program at all to an inadequate one. Martin, it was understood, appealed directly to Taber and his committeemen to resume efforts for a compromise. And it appeared likely that any compromise that di-:l result would be on the Senate's terms of $4,000,000,000 in cash for a single year, rather than the House stand for Ilie same sum, but spread over 15 months. It was the spending period which was the storm center of the dispute. Experts Seeking Way To Prevent Strikes WASHINGTON, June 19. (UP) — A coinmlviton of experts will be named by President Truman to study and suggest ways of preventing strikes in the nation's atomic energy plants, BlytheviSle Man Is Low Bidder on Big Levee Project LITTLE HOCK. Ark., June 19.— (UP)—A Blythcvlllc man and a Tennessee construction company appeared today ns the low bidders on three sections of the Crawford County Levee District's scven-ml'i: construction project near Van Bu re n. Little Rock District Engineer Col. Gerald E. Galloway reported that apparent low bids were submitted by S. J. Cohen of Blythevllle and by the Forctim-.Tames Construction Co. of Dycrsburg, Tenn. The Fllythcvllle man bid 494.625 for .100.000 cubic yards of compacted earth levee embankment, compared with the government's estimate of $137,340. The Tennessee company bid $203.018 for 310,000 cubic yards of compacted earth embankment and drainage structures as compared with the government's estimate of $136.370 and $110,070 for 400.000 cubic yards of compacted earth levee embankment as compared with the government's estimate of $90.477. The contract awards will be made later, Galloway said. Weather In a special message to Congress yesterday, the President also hint- yeslcrtlay cd that n special law may be needed • the low this to safeguard operations in the vital j ' atomio development progrua. Arkansas forecast: Partly cloudy today, tonight and Sunday. Widely scattered thundershovers in East portion today. Not so warm in Northwest portion today. Minimum this morning—68. Maximum yesterday—80. Sunset today—7:16. Sunrise tomorrow—*:47, Precipitation, 24 hours to T a.m. today—.91. Total since Jan. 1—25.54, Mean temperature (midway between high and low—14. Normal mean for May—70.2. This Date Last Yt»r Minimum this morning—10. Maximum yesterday—97. Precipitation, Jan 1 to thi* date —!!.«*. UN Army of 50 To Aid Truce In Holy Land ^ yORK. June 19. (UP) — Fifty young men. converted overnight into the first United Nntloiu leave for Palestine today to "army," help supervise the Holy Land armistice. The bnsllly-i-criulted volunteers will travel to the Holy I/iml by chartered plane to help Count Folko Bemadolte and lite UN mediation team enforce the truce agreement between Arabs and Jews. They will be armed njxin their arrival. The blue-uniformed force, loaded down with duffle-bags and a variety of other equipment gathered together In less than 48 hours, wcs slated to leave La Guardla field at 5:30 p.m. (EOT). Their lender was Lieut. John Cosgrove, a former law student nnd Army Intelligence officer who up to now has been concerned with the peaceful Job of running the unarmed group of guards who patrol the UN's headquarters at Lake SUCCCM. Thirty of the 50 guards picked for Patetine came from Cosgrove's headquarters force and the others were selected from nearly 100 UN socrclarl.it employes who answered ft call for volunteers. As an armed force, UN officials conceded, the contingent Is Insignificant. Its main Job will be to supervise traffic on the Important Je- ruMlc;n-Tcl Aviv highway. But, as a symbol of what the UN is striving to be. the departure was con.sirtrred a rnnjflr event in tho UN's history. Communists in France Stage One-Hour Strike PARIS, June 19. (UP)—A nationwide one-hour token strike of some •f.500.000 French sorkers, launching new Communist economic demands agnh'ist Premier Robert Sclutinau's coalition government, was staged today. Workers who are members of the Communist - dominated General Confederation of Labor walked oft smashing Taylor's night-long filibuster on a parliamentary tangli, Then it rammed through tru bill on voice vote with Taylor »nd 8«n. Clnude Pepper, D., Fla,, cUunortnf in vain for recognition. Republicans protested the fajlurt of the presiding ofllcer—Ben. Irving M. Ivan, R., N.Y.—to recognli* Taylor and Pepper. The Benat* then reversed its voloe'jVot*; T»ylcc was recomizcd and voluntarily end. ed his filibuster a tew mlnutec later. This cleared the way for adoption of the compromise draft bill. The compromise provides for limiting men 19-Uiroujjh-26 ioc k period ot 3i months. The draft would become «ff«Uv« 00 days after the bill became l»w, but the decision to order actual Inductions is put up to Mr. Truman. The bill permits 181,000 youtli* 18 years old to enlist for one Jtu and thus cscaps a future 'draft. Conscientious objectors opposing all military service would, be deferred rather than placed In conscientious objector camps. Tho compromise also lowered the Intelligence score to 70 for entrance into the armed services. And II omitted provisions for drafting doctors or dentists. "Foreign region" Dropped Also knocked out of the bill was the Senate's "Foreign Legion" provision fliat would have allowed 25,000 aliens to enlist In the Army. The compromise provide* that all men 18-through-26 must register,, but only those 19-through-36 would be subject to the draft. Army officials have estimaM that they will need about 226,000 men the first year. After that, It depends on enlistments. Manpower experts linvc esllmated the registration would yield a total of about 000,000 eligible men. Taylor .the third party vice presidential candidate had been waging a filibuster against the compromise 21-month draft. Sen. Wayr.c Morse, R., Ore,, protested loiully at Ives' action. He said he was opposed to the filibuster but was not willing to see senators "denied the right to be recognized." Sen. Forrest C. Donnell, R., Mo., leaped to his lect anct thundered his support of Morse. "These two gentlemen were to my knowledge— 1 can sec and hear—demanding recognition." he thundered. "That vote was tnvalidly announced and one of the Senators was entitled to recognition." Senate Democratic Leader Alben W. Barkley. of Kentucky, added that he doubted the presiding offlcers't "right to refuse to recognize any- obdy." He said 'there was no question that both were seeking recognition," Maneuver Kills Filibuster Only a few minutes earlier, Taylor's marathon filibuster bad been smashed by a parliamentary maneuver. Taylor resumed this morning. But p.m. EDT yesterday against a motion to appoint conferees to Iron out differences between the House «nd Senate versions of the draft. Actually the conferees had already agreed upon a compromise. Uut Taylors' filibuster prevented official naming of the conferees and therefore a later vote on the bill. He was aided in his filibuster by Sen. William Langer, R., N. D., Tho took over In the early morning hourt for four hours and 44 minutes. Toylar resumed this morning. But at one point Sen. Owen Brevster, R. Me., charged th»t T»ylor there- the Job for one hour. Other work- fore must sit down. A Senate rul« I Its presented by Anti-Communist i bars any Senator from reflecting ) unlou* refused to Join in th* strlk*. I ont be mollvet of •ootbtr.
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