Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan on May 29, 1965 · Page 4
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Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan · Page 4

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Saturday, May 29, 1965
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POUR IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN SATURDAY, MAY 2?, IMS. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE "The Daily Glob* I* an Independent newspaper, »upportlng what it believes to be right and opposing what it believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartially." -Linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publishe. 1927-1964. Mrs. Linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher Violence and Colombia Violence is so much a part of the recent and current history of Colombia that one might expect to find, and often will find, the word as an integral part of the index of an up- to-date book about the Latin American nation. Paradoxically, Colombia's history has been no more troubled than that of its neighbors. The schism between Liberals and Conservatives goes back to the Wars of Independence and beyond, but today the programmatic differences between the two parties does not appear greater than between Democrats and Republicans in the United States. Most of the leaders of both parties have wired into The Oligarchy, although the. Liberals are rather more likely to be critical of the establishment. Both parties espouse the American Alliance, public work, encouragement of public investment, and a degree of land reform. The Liberals combine with these bourgeois ambitions anti-clericalism, populism, and agricultural reformism. LaViolencia, as Colombians call it, began with a shift of power from Liberals to Conservatives in the elections of 1946. It came to a head with the bogatazo of April 1948 —the Colombian term for the assassination in downtown Bogota of Jorge Gaitan, a radical reformist, and the riots which ensued. The murder and the riots have never been fully ex- E lained. Fidel Castro was in Bogota then, but is precise connection with these events has never been established. The originally highly political violence soon became epidemic and meaningless. Its political motivations were mislaid, and the result Was senseless disorder of a most grisly sort. "Infants were chopped to bits in the presence of their mothers, who were flayed alive when they protested," Theodore Caplow of Colum- Ha" University reports, . . . Prisoners under safe conduct were pushed out of airplanes." Rape was routine. Until a year or so ago La Violencia was mostly a rural nightmare. There is little reason to believe that the banditry and sadism were inspired by Havana, Moscow, or Peking. But in a very recent analysis by P*t M. Holt., Latin American specialist of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, a difference is noted. "There is evidence," writes Holt." . . , *hat Communists, some of them with the advantage of guerrilla training in Cuba, have begun to resort to violence. It is not always easy to determine whether the violence is pure banditry or is foreign-inspired. Through early 1964, the first type was far more serious, though there were indications that the second type might be on the increase." Varying degrees of Cuban influence are reported in the more recent violence. Colombia is supposed to be one of five priority targets for Fidel Castro's exported revolution. Fabio Vasquez Castano's Army of National Liberation is Castro-supported. But the guerrillas operate mostly in the mountains. Student riots in the cities of late have been hotly anti-American. How much they have been inspired by Castro is not known. Perhaps more alarming is the sharp resurgence of Gen. Gustavo Rojas Pinilla, the dictator who was forced to resign in 1957. Although avowedly nationalist, Christian, and anti-Communist, Rojas was despised as a tyrant. Columbia's immediate problem is to steer between the fire arrows of the left and of the right. But Isn't This Cheating? The air is full of television these days. But tlie living room is full of gripes. More and more people seem to be seeing more and more programs and liking them less and less. It has become fashionable to deprecate television fare, even among people who profess to like television in principle. Then there are, of course, the folks who openly sneer at television in any form and seem very proud that they either don't have a television set in their home, or had one and gave it to someone less intellectual, or still have one but ignore it for the bum it is. All this seems a pity when, in fact, there is much on television that is worth-while. The attitude of total disdain for television is akin to farming your child out for adoption because he has a couple of annoying habits. Commissioner Lee Loevinger of the Federal Communications Commission has suggested a simple solution to the problem. "Nobody makes anybody look at lousy programs," he says. "Personally, I just turn the rliimn thing off." But how many viewers would ever think of a thing like that? Two scientists declare old age is contagious. Mavbe the doctors can now find a cure for it. New cars will have more horsepower. But will drivers have more horse sense? Dad says his money not only talks—it scivams for help. Political Instability in Viet Nam By Jeanne Ktieblcr Washington — Dissolution of the powerful Armed Forces Council of South Viet Nam early this month marked the end of 18 months of direct control or indirect supervision of the country's political affairs by the military. The armed forces—despite shifting alliances among contesting generals—had held the real power since the military overthrow of President Ngo Dinh Diem in November 1963. Since then, Saigon has gone through nine changes of government, along with several attempted coup d'etats and frequent anti-government demonstrations. Military factions have fought one another, Buddhists have fought Catholics, and politicians have lacked the will to cooperate to establish a viable civilian government. The present premier of South Viet Nam, Phan Huy Quat, has held office since Feb. 16. The turbulent atmosphere that afflicted the political life of the country during previous governments has quieted to some extent. Martial Jaw was abolished in late March and the most recent plot to overthrow the government was nipped, May 20-21, but the arrest of a number of military officers before they were able to carry out the coup they planned. South Vietnamese military leaders and American officials have expressed hope that the relative governmental stability of the past few months will last long enough to permit long-run changes for the better in the military situation. Persisting political turmoil has been a major factor in the failure to deal more effectively with the Communist-backed insurgency that continues to wrack the country despite ever-increasing American assistance. U.S. aid now involves, in addition to a vast economic and military assistance program, the help of 45,000 U.S. military advisers and combat troops. An additional 25,000 American combat troops are expected to be ordered to South Viet Nam in the next two months. South Viet Nam has long been plagued by political, ethnic, regional, and religious divisions. A particularly troublesome split is that between the numerous Buddhist sects, which claim the allegiance of a majority of the people, .and the large Catholic minority, many of them refugees from Communist North Viet Nam. Hie roots of the religious division reach back to Vietnamese persecution of the French mis- •ionariec who brought Catholicism to the country before it became a colony of France. But the antagonism has been aggravated in recent years by alleged gpvemment favoritism to Catholics and persecution of Buddhists. The split is as much political as religious. The Catholics are in the forefront of the anti- Co2niiunJ[st movement, while some of the pro- Buddhist leaders favor negotiating a settlement of the war. The two groups arc the principal elements in a developing realignment of political factions between "end-the- war" and "win-the-war" parties. Anti-government agitation by Buddhists was responsible for bringing down several governments in the past two years. Now powerful Buddhist leaders who want to parley with the Communists are reported to be hand-picked men to take over as provincial chiefs under the present government. Provincial leadership is regarded as vital to Buddhist plans to install a neutralist or pro-Communist government which would advocate American military withdrawal and direct negotiations' with North Viet Nam and the Viet Cong. Behind the movement to end the war is the realization that military victory for either side is unlikely in the near future. But the path to a political settlement may be blocked also by what Hans J. Morgenthau, a leading critic of American policy in Southeast Asia, terms ''the irreconcilable character of the positions taken by either side." Despite differences in the views of the Soviet Union, North Viet Nam, Communist China, and the Viet Cong, all are agreed that the American military presence in South Viet Nam must be eliminated. The United States, on the other hand, refuses to get out before the country attains a degree of stability wlu'ch, in Morgenthau's view, is "unattainable in the foreseeable future." President Johnson has declared repeatedly, since April 7, that the United States is ready to enter into unconditional discussions. But the President has made it clear that any settlement must provide for "an independent South Viet Nam—securely guaranteed and able to shape its own relationships to others." Washington and Saigon insist that the main negotiator on the other side would have to be North Viet Nam rather than the Viet Cong's National Liberation Front, because they are convinced that Hanoi is responsible for the guerrillas activity. Tlie Communists maintain, on Ihe other hand, that the guerrillas in South Viet Nam are fighting a nationalist war of liberation against American imperialists and their "lackey government" in Saigon. Changes in the positions of the two sides probably must await military developments. U.S. air attacks on North Viet Nam and increased activity in tlie south have improved the military situation from the viewpoint of Washington and Saigon. But the rainy season, now beginning, will interfere with air action and will aid the guerrillas; there is evidence that the Viet Cong is massing for major attacks on American forces and installations. Until the results of such offensives are known, it is unlikely that the Communists will be disposed to negotiate a settlement. ' More Dropouts Today in National Affairs By DAVID LAWRENCE far, the number of price In- WASHINGTON — Millions of creases "seems to be accelerat- citizens probably did not notice ing.' Ackley said In a speech pre- a small item in the newspapers Pared for delivery to the Phar- thls week reporting that t h e maceutical Manufacturers Asso- Secretary of the Treasury, Henry H. Fowler, has asked Con- uiauon. "The administration offici a 1 gress for legislation to increase said many of the recent price the limit of the public debt from $324 billion to $329 billion, to take effect on July 1. Perhaps many citizens think- as do some officials here— that there is no limit to what the government of the United States may borrow, and that raising the public-debt ceiling by $5 billion is a piece of routine. Actually, there is considerable significance in the fact that the increases are justified by higher costs and that some of them may not stick or will be eroded by competition. 'Yet there is just enough movement of prices to be disturbing,' he said. " 'Surely none of us would welcome moving toward fiscal and monetary policies that restri c t economic expansion, so long as resources remain in ample supply, simply as an indirect means United States Treasury k e e ps or noiaing prices in check. on asking Congress periodically to raise the debt limit. This has been going on for several years now. The public debt has risen £ & it ' " 'Yet the time may come when pressures to do just that will become very strong,' Ack- from $16.2 billion in 1930 to $320 ! ley said." The Johnson Administration holds out the hope that so m e day it will balance the budget. Br* It doesn't say when. There have been very few years in the last 20 when any surpluses have been accumulated, and even when more money Is collected than is spent, the excess Is not used to pay off anything on the public debt. The assumption is that the debt limit can be raised indefinitely. The fact remains that the debt keeps piling up as expenditures are larger than receipts. The big test of fiscal strength or weakness will come in the next two or three years when the effect of cuts In Income taxes as well as in excise taxes can really be measured. For unless the economy is stimulated to wipe out the loss of revenue from reduced tax rates and some kind of surplus is achieved, the general impression In the financial markets of the world will be that the United States is in for an indefinite period of inflation. (Copyright, 1965, New York Herald Tribune Inc.) The International Whirligig By ANDREW TULLT WASHINGTON — The message contained in the radioactive debris of Communist C h 1- na's second nuclear explo s 1 o n should be clear even to those "Yes. but. whine that ." experts who a big bad United States Is picking on Hanoi and Peking. It is that the a. 8. forthwith must see to the Job of putting Southeast Asia's house In democratic order, lest we wake up some day to discover the job can't be done without starting World War n. Two explosions of crude atomic devices do not a nuclear power make. The Chinese still do not have either an operational atomic bomb or a delivery system, Despite Its grandiose propaganda, Peking is still a have- not in this nuclear era. But the experts agree that the terrible handwriting Is on the wall. Most authoritative opinion hold that it will be anot her year or even more before the Chinese have an operatio n a 1 atomic bomb and at least a few years before they have an operational hydrogen bomb. Then once their bombs are operational, they must come up with a means of delivering them to the targets. The Chinese are tinkering with a missile s y s tern and probably will dispense with the m a n n e d-bo m b e r stage in favor of rockets. A con- census estimate is that by 1970 Peking will have both operational nuclear weapons and medium range missiles to deliver them to any target In Asia. it it d FORMIDABLE THREAT IN FUTURE—In other words, in five years' time Red China will be a far more formidable enemy. It probably will be able to produce 20 nuclear bombs a year with which to threaten the free nations of Southeast Asia, to say nothing of India and Australia and, perhaps, even the Soviet Union. Even if there are no threats, the Red Chinese arsenal will have an awes o m e psychological effect on that neighborhood of the world. This is a situation that poses an ugly question for the United States, to wit, what are we waiting for? If the job of salvaging Southeast Asia from Communism now seems difficult and fraught with the danger of expanding the war in Vet Nam, it will be a lot tougher In 1970. Given the nervous state of the world, It may then be impossible. * ft * GROWING LATE FOR U.S.— No one in this house is suggesting that we push the button and bomb the living daylights out of Communist China, although as an exercise In practical, gutty geopolitics it has its attractions. But if the American policy remains one of containing and-or defeating communi s m everywhere In the world, then It should be obvious that it is growing very late Indeed In Southeast Asia. Whatever happens in Viet Nam, there will be other Viet Nams in other parts of Asia. Even if the Reds are soundly defeated in Viet Nam, Pek Ing will continue its sponsorship of "wars of liberation" bee a u s e that is its political bread-a n d- butter. Without constant attempts at expansion, he Chinese brand of communism cannot survive. Peking already has Thailand on Its little list, and Laos. Presumably, it can gobble up Cambodia whenever it feels the necessity has arisen. We are in a war In Viet Nam which we may not be winning. But we aren't losing it. either. Moreover, despite Peking's big talk, Red China's politic 1 an s are well aware that In any showdown the massive strategic power of the United States would make radioactive mincemeat of their country. This is the time to finish the housecleaning job we started in Viet Nam—while Peking is still in the horse-and- buggy stage of nuclear weaponry. Dental Health By W. LAWRENCE, D. D. S. As if natural causes of malocclusion of teeth and malforma- cause the good work they accomplish is often nullified by persistent and maddening habits. Dr. G., an orthodontist, puts it plagued with teeth straighten-! this way, "You name it and b i 11 i o n in 1965—only 35 years. The costs growing out of t w o world wars and the Korean War, of course, pushed up the debt of the government in that period. ft it ft But it is not the increase in In military expenses—now about The Washington Scene By BAY CROMLEY WASHINGTON — (NEA) — $50 billion a year—which alone ' There are signs the Communists keeps the public debt rising. ! in the Dominican Republic There has been a tendency to shifting tactics. spend just as much money on are nonmilitary appropriations. For a while, tax rates, instead of be- What they're doing now, interpreted in the light of Commu- Ing adjusted after a war was over, were retained at not far from the same levels. Only in recent years has there been a recognition of the fact that the tax rates might be inequitable j n 'g and would produce more reven- nist tactics in other countries at other times, seems to sugge s t they've written off an immediate victory in Santo Domingo. better ones into "squads" and "platoons." They've begun developing sub-commanders, deputies, local activists. They've been able to determine which of the young professional men' are potential leaders. j The Santo Domingo revolt has thus given the foreign Communist activists the local material ing problems that are directly due to abnormal habits. Parents are understandab 1 y bitter because the cost of teeth straightening is often the last straw in the overwhelming cost of bringing up Children, though it's money well those kids do it! Leaning habits: resting chin on fist. Sleeping habits: resting fist under chin. Sucking habits: thumbs, fingers, feet and elbows. Tongue habits: forward thrust, side even thrusts, and bizarre swallow! n g spent. When wires, bands and elastics are finally removed, the cosmetic and functional effects are miraculous. Orthodontists are bothered be- Instead, their most recent on which to build a permanent moves indicate they're burrow- under now to another build up 'ZJS^^sjsjs^ t to i sarasjTssr 1 • ™, guard action and continui n g ready to take advantage of a break. A relatively small number of Communist activists or cadres moved into this revolt with little popular Red support, a sketchy stimulate the economy. But it Is one thing to reduce tax rates,, and quite another to keep on piling up deficits. If the government continues to spe n d money for many things that are not absolutely essential, there is no way to bring down expenses and balance the budget. The average citizen isn't of organization and few cells or however, helped fire things up underground framework. This organization will have a fertile field in which to work. There will be underlying instability for a long time in the Dominican Republic. There Is deep hatred of the military, police and government. (There are few families which have not had at least one member assasinated by Trujillo.) Almost all who advanced un- t g f f • considerable quantities of arms ' «« Trujilloites by their less fortu- went to the fi ^Y left and to emo- i "ate neighbors. In some ways H can always un iversitv be refinanced by selling bonds to lvcIBll< y the banks and to the peop 1 e generally. The history of govern- Uonal and undisciplined types of : this hatred takes on the attri- students, teen- a g e ! butes of a Hatfleld-McCoy feud. "~ J ------ ' '" """• and ments, however, has shown that, while financing and refinancing is accepted as a normal process, there comes a time when doubts are raised as to whether the these new revolutionaries in action, determine which of the amateur fighters stood up under stress and combat and who folded. They were able to talk to them as comrades under stress• m ntamed. ready for communism and n H t 1 ?°H i H r in° esn buy t0d r a ? which the y could force into ac- what it did 10 years ago. Just tions whlc £ would irrevocably them to the Red under - Reds revel In hate. But worst of all there is no basic rural-village-city government structure or any experience with which to combat good government) the tactics of a professional Communist underground. This story of a few years back will illustrate the point: The Dominican ambassador approached a government official in Washington, asked for 450 Peace Corps volunteers to be b i uu .. u . sent the next day. foods are as much as 15 per) it has been an excellent prov-j "What kind of Peace Corps vol- ing ground for the Reds. cent higher this spring than a year ago and that in many instances food prices are at a record level. The causes, of course, are numerous. But as prices and wages rise, inflation sets in. Fears of inflationary tre n d s are often disregarded, on the theory that if the Inflation is gradual and not sudden, it can t>e absorbed. But in the long run the dollar can become weaker and weaker as the government * ood - M»eni«an. s unable to maintain a sou n d financial program. A UPI dis- jatch on Wednesday, for example, read in part as follows: —President Johnson's top economic adviser today voiced concern over recent wholesale price ncreases and warned that in- lation could force the government to stop cutting taxes and B »»«i«» of circulations'. abandon other expans i o n a r y as well. Gardner Ackley, Chairm a n of the Council of Economic Advisors, said factory prices ha v e been 'edging up. 1 While t h e movement has been slight soj Sunteers do you want?" he was These Communist activ i s t s' asked have taken these young men! The answer carne bhmty and and are beginning to whip the Ironwood Daily Globe Published evenings, except Sundays by Glob* Publishing Company, 118 B* McLeod Ave., Ironwood, Michigan Established Nov. 20, 1919, (Ironwood News-Record acquired April 16 1821; Ironwood Times acquired May 33, 1946.1 Second class postage paid at Iron- MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Th* Aasoctated Press U entitled *x- cluaiytljr to th* use lor replication of all th* local n«ws printed In this •• well as all AP news dls- ol American Newspaper Association. Interamerican Press Association. Inland Daily Press Association, Bureau of Advertising, Michigan Press Association. Audit subscription rates: ay man witum a radius of 60 miles—per year, SB; six month *' S5 ' thr ee months. 13; on* month, $1 so NO man subscriptions «oid lo 'owns and location* where carrier maintained elsewhere—per sadly: "We don't want advisers or technical personnel. We want intelligent, mature Americans to come to our villages to live with us and counsel and coach us on how to live in a democratic society. The peasants have no under- People's Forum FOR PUBLIC SYLVANIA Editor Daily Globe: It is indeed good news that the full Senate approved Sylv a n i a purchase funds on May 26. Of course, the appropriat ion bill must now hurdle the conferees who will possibly meet in the next few days. I hope that the many residents who live in our beautiful Gogebic County and very much support a public Sylvania will all write our Congressman, Raymond F. Cle- pressures. Lip habits: pressing lips against teeth, biting lower lip, biting upper lip, bitting both lips. Chewing knickknacks habit: biting pencils, pens, ping and paper clips." That these habits are a significant cause of malocclusion and facial deformity is an accepted fact. Gentle, mild habits are of little consequence. But tho s e accompanied by pressure cause all the trouble. The extent of facial distortions seems to be dl- recenty related to how vigor- practiced, on, "... did you ever see a thumb that has been constantly bitten, chewed, champed, chafed, clamped and sucked? It looks as though It was caught in a meat grinder. When you see a thumb like that, you can imagine what happens to teeth and soft, pliable, bony, supporting structures. They just vener asking I *"*" " resist tnat kind more diligent- »'^^S^^jStSS^\^ T' orthodontistsjiave an ly those who might be Sylvania ! t as « making corrections, stumbling blocks. These lett e r s j A PP lijmces ar . e simpler and should be written and mailed at ff™J^g™^«^g SK iK these habits are difficult asked to selfish interests will take 'the, people's benefits in this matter, i ' area docks. SgTn^e your little fel- time if he has hard a bad 1t"»»» v/i. uui life. * uu iiau ujeni, Yours verv trulv ' to °' Just give nlm some tender SIGURD HOLEMO 10Vlng Care and ma y be he>11 st °P- 238 W. Arch St. Ironwood, May 28, 1965 Record of the Past 10 YEARS AGO— Temperatures: High 66, low 37 A total of .91 inches of rain fell In Ironwood Saturday eveni n g and early Sunday morning. The rain brought much needed relief to the dry lands, woods, and farmers in the area and corn- standing of how to do things for i bjned with 1.05 inches in the pre- themselves. They don't know how j vious two days for a three day to perform the simplest govern went actions. We have neither the administrators nor the institutions." The situation is reportedly no better today. A Daily Thought Be not quick to anger, for anger lodges in the bosom of fools.—Eccl. 7:9. total of nearly 1.96. 20 YEARS AGO— Light showers today becoming fair tonight and tomorrow, continued cool tonight .... Baccalaureate services for the 1945 A. D. Johnston graduating class of 73 seniors, will be held on Sunday evening at the high school gymnasium. The Wakefield Rotarlans enjoyed a "fish fry" Monday evening at the Plymouth clubhouse. The meal was prepared by the Mesdames Har- A chip on .the shouldej- : is..jQo, ( .ry-.B-.-Slitter, I. L. Voyer, A.J. one month, si.50. AII mnii j heavy a piece of baggage , _. „„„,,.., „. „. „.„„„ payabi. m advance. By carry itirough life.— John Han- and E. W. Steinert, wives of Ro- elirrler ' S20.BO per year la advance; by KM weak. M cenU. cock, American patriot. to.Moran, E. Joppa, J. H. Brown • and E. jtarlans. Please send your about dental health to Dr. Lawrence in care of this pap e r. While he cannot answer each letter personally, letters of general interest will be answered in this column. Timely Quotes The task is not to freeze the world into a peaceful mold, and thereby perpetuate a thousand injustices for all time. Americans would not have appreciated such strictures in 1776, and there are many parts of the world which would not appreciate such strictures today. —Dean Stephen K. Bailey, Syracuse University. It will not be the end of mankind, but it will be the end of the United States if we do not take steps to protect the civilian population. —Dr. Edward Teller, one of the developers of the hydrogen bomb, on the effects of a nuclear, war. USE DAILY GLOBE WANT ADS

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