Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan on May 26, 1965 · Page 4
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Ironwood Daily Globe from Ironwood, Michigan · Page 4

Ironwood, Michigan
Issue Date:
Wednesday, May 26, 1965
Page 4
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FOUR IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN WEDNESDAY, MAY 26, 1965. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE "The Daily Globe is an independent newspaper, supporting what it believes to be right and opposing what it believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartially." —Linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publishe. 1927-1964. Mrs. Linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher School Integration Deadline Ton Years ago Monday. Mav 31, the Supreme Court handed down its famous "all deliberate speed" decree implementing its landmark 1954 decision that racial segregation in public schools violated the Constitution. "Full implementation of these constitutional principles may require solution of varied local school problems," wrote Chief justice liarl AYarren for the unanimous Court. Lower courts were told that once a start toward desegregation had been made, in cood faith, they might allow additional lime tor the solution of administrative problems. But the transition to a raciallv nondiscrimiiwlory school was to be accomplished "with all deliberate speed." Warren wrote. The phrase, incidentally, had its origin in the English chancery and was cited in a 1911 Supreme Court decision written by Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes. It now is clear that the moderate court laid clown by the Supreme Court made it possible for thousands of school districts, most of them in the South, to avoid desegregation. Sen. Allen }. Ellender (D-La.) caught the import ol the decision immediately and expressed his "delight that they have left it to the local judges to decide when the original decision should be implemented." When it appeared that sdiool desegregation was to be gradual and that neither Congress nor the Executive Branch would impose deadlines, various states were emboldened to declare outright defiance. Ten years after the 1955 ruling, some 4,000 school districts in the United States have taken no formal steps toward compliance, and about 3,400 more have submitted desegregation proposals yet to be approved by the courts. About 19,000 districts have qualified as unsegregated under criteria established by the U.S. Office of Education. Using its authority under the 1964 Civil Rights Act, the Office announced, April 29, that school districts must plan to eliminate all vestiges of racial segregation by the autumn of 1967 to qualify for continued federal financial aid. In short, the "all deliberate speed" decree has l>een superseded after a decade by an administrative ruling that giye the stales two more years to complete the journey. The Business of Moving Restless Americans will be on the move again with the end of the school year. Between ]0 million and Jl million families move each year in our increasingly mobile society. In terms of men, women and children this means that about one-fifth of the total population change their places of residence—about 38,600,000 people in all. Some of these families are just moving around the corner, but most of the movement is interstate. The moving van industry reaps an estimated $1 billion of annual revenue from the phenomenon. The search for better opportunity or just a change of scene is not without its psychic perils. The bonds which traditionally linked people to a settled society have been cast off, and the vacuum may remain unfilled. Few children now enjoy the advantages of growing up in a community in which they and their parents were born and where tliev are surrounded by grandparents, uncles, aunts and any number of cousins. The child runs the risk of losing his sense of identity; he is a strang- %v in a strange land without toots or loyal- lies. Today about 48 per cent of America's total population is living in a different place from where thev lived five years ago. All in all, Americans seem to have weathered the trauma o! moving, and frequently have opened up new liori/.ons only dimly seen by earlier generations. Trimming the Excises Nearly everything about the administration bill for phased reductions in excise taxes de- lies precedent. President Johnson wants Congress to approve the measure bv early June— a deadline of a sort which has rarely if ever been met. Last year's bill was passed bv both houses and signed bv the President on June 30. one day before the so-called temporary e\ciscs were due to expire. Most excise taxes originated in wartime. Yet Johnson proposes to eliminate manv of them at a time when Vietnamese war costs are soaring. The President believes, "We can make (he recommended tax cuts and still realize total revenues well above—and a deficit well below—our earlier estimates for fiscal iyb'6." Congress is eager to pare excise taxes. It almost did so in .1964 against the administration's wishes. But there may be less enthusiasm for Johnson's plan to spread the cuts over three and one-half years. Capitol Hill usually shies from making long-term commitments m appropriations or revenue acts. Not surprisingly, businessmen have applauded the President's excise tax cut program. Did It on Porpoise For the record, if for no other reason, let if- be noted that the first transoceanic telephone call between porpoises has been successfully conducted. Thanks to special underwater equipment furnished by General Telephone and electronics Corp., porpoise Moby Dick in Sarasota, Ha., "talked" for five minutes over a 4,700-mile hookup with porpoise Kciki on the island of Oalui. Scientists have established that porpoises have well-developed mental processes and are able to communicate with one another. But what Mobv Dick and Keiki talked about—in high-pitched tones at frequencies of 2,000 cycles a second—remains, alas, a mystery. Possiblv the weather? Old timers who live in the past face a lonesome future. A woman doesn't have to be a magician to turn take-home pay into spending money. When President Ignores 'Consensus' (Copyright 186S, King features Syndicate. Inc.) By lohn Chamberlain What does a "cconsensus" President do when he has promised to support something that goes against the consensus? If he is a man cf honor he lives up to the letter of his campaign obligation. However, when Lyndon Johnson, in his long-awaited labor message, asked Congress to repeal section 14b of the Taft-Hartley Act (the section which permits states to enact "right-to-work" laws), he must have been painfully aware of four widely separated polls. One cf them, taken by his own favorite pollster, Oliver Quale, of Bronxville, N.Y., showed him picking up new supporters among typical suburban Republicans who voted for Goldwater last fall. The other polls, taken by Louis Harris, Gallup and Opinion Research some nine months apart, indicate a widespread displeasure with what labor unions have been doing. As of last summer, the Harris poll had some sixty per cent of the people favoring retention of section 14b. Opinion Research showed two out of three in favor of 14b's retention. And the Gallup poll, taken last March, showed 42 per cent thinking that the laws regulating labor unions are not tough enough, while only 10 per cent feel they are too strict. The "consensus," then, is manifestly against repeal of 14b—and the President must be wondering what 'would happen to his growing popularity in northern suburbs if he were to make a leally determined fight to force compulsory unionism on the nineteen states that have voted against it. Privately, labor people are critical of the President for not putting more passion, more Texas oomph, into his request for the repeal of 14b. Senator Robert Kennedy of New York capped Lyndon Johnson by a fair country mile in the intensity of his own demand that the laws supporting voluntary unionism in nineteen states be knocked in the head by new federal legislation. But the speech made by Bobby Kennedy in favor of obliterating right- to-work laws played fast and loose with sta- • tisttcs to prove a case that would be popular jp urban areas, and Johnson, who is trying to < be a "consensus" President for the whole na, * liou, could hardly-have-availed himself ol the Kennedy computer and still face the voters in many places outside the industrial Northeast. It is indubitably true, as Senator Kennedy pointed out, that in "right-to-work" states the average wage for workers is lower than it happens to be in the states that permit compulsory < unionism. But the Kennedy figures were arrived at by lumping together all labor, both rural farm help and city "production worker" labor. If Bobby Kennedy had lett the states of the South which are just beginning to industrialize out of his reckoning, the case could be proved the other way. For the average weekly earnings in the seven "right-to- work" states of Arizona, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, South Dakota, and Utah are higher than the national average. Moreover, these states show a better average for their "production workers" .(meaning the truly un- ionizable portion of their working populations) than Kennedy's own state of New York. The statistics, in short, can be manipulated to prove anything. A partisan of the "right- to-work" laws might use the comparative statistics of New Mexico and Arizona to prove that labor does better under voluntary unionism than under compulsory unionism. Ten years ago the average weekly earnings of a worker in New Mexico were $85 as against Arizona's $82. But the Arizona figure foi 1965 is $111, while New Mexico lags behind at $90. These figures prove just as much—and just as little—as Bobby Kennedy's figures. What is definite is that Arizona has industrialized fast- 01 than New Mexico over the past ten vears. The fact that Arizona has a "right-to-work law, while New Mexico permits union compulsion, might be cited as proof that voluntarism is a magnet for the sort of company that can afford good wages. But other factors—such as access to markets or the supply of water- may have had more to do with the change. Anyway, the argument for voluntary unionism lias nothing to do with statistics. The issue is freedom—and the view of the country, obviously reluctant despite the LBJ labor message, is that freedom is still the "national consensus," f Port in the Storm Today in National Affairs By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON—Contrary to a general impression which prevails both inside and outsi d e constitutional sense has occurred. The voting-rights bill now before the Senate would qualify scope of the Constitution. Accord- The National Whirligig MeCtaM *• By ANDREW TULLY WASHINGTON — Under President Lyndon Baines Johns o n . the United States In the future will pay less attention to its image abroad and more attention to Its Interests abroad. This Is a President whose actions are not necessarily guided by the opinions or wishes of our allies. He wants to get along with them, naturally, but where national security Is Involved he is not deterred by their disapproval of any action he believes proper and necessary. Thus. In the Dominican intervention, the President felt he had to act regardless of how the allies reacted. American liv e s were endangered by a state of anarchy, and he felt It was his responsibility to protect them. His attitude now' is that our troops will be withdrawn when the country finds a government that can keep order. He will do everything possible to resist the establishment of a Castro-sponsored Communist regime, a * •& FOLLOWS LINCOLN'S IDEA —The President is well aware of the vigorous criticisms, here and abroad, of his policies in the Dominican Republic and in Viet Nam. But he has learned not to lose his Texas temper about them. Hanging on the wall of his office are framed quotations from Abraham Lin coin and Edmund Burke which Lyndon Johnson feels sums up his attitude toward his critics. Lincoln's words are familiar to most Americans: "If I were ing to Supreme Court decisio n s ! to try to read, much less an- thus far, the Constitution has i swer, all the attacks made on Coneress there is no such thine! non-English-speaking citizens to It is one thing to bar discrimi- M f riffhr to votP th^t can blrvote if they have the equivalent nation and quiet another to de- as a right to vote that can ee . given only to the states the right to determine the qualifications of voters and to specifiy' what tests shall be applied and what age requirmeents shall be fixed before the right to vote is granted to a citizen. granted to a citizen by the Federal Government. It has no authority to control or superv i s e or in any other way to interfere with the right of the states to establish the qualifications of a voter — except to remove discrimination as between citizens who are really qualified to vote and should be registered. What Congress can and cannot do to prevent nor punish such discrimination has been made crystal-clear by the Sup r e m e Court of the United States in many decisions during the last 90 years. The Supreme Court at various times - has defined the scope of the Fifteenth Amendment, which prohibits denial or abridgement of the right to vote on the basis of race or color. The followi n g quotation from one of the court's rulings is pertinent today: "The Fifteenth Amendment does not confer the right of suffrage upon anyone. It prevents the states, or the United States, however, from giving preference, in this particular, to one citizen of the United States over another, on account of race, color or previous tude." condition of servi- finish work." One of the In another case, the Supreme Court in 1959 specifically upheld the literacy test as a qualification for voters and quoted the following from a previous case: "No time need be spent on the question of the validity of the liter a c y test, considered alone, as we have s e e n its establishment was but the exer- c i s e by the state of a lawful power vested in it not subject to our supervision, and indeed, its validity is admitted." The Department of Justice today agrees with the foregoing interpretations by the court, and mistakes. when Attorney General Katzenbach appeared before the Senate of an eighth-grade education in prive states of the right to say an American school where anoth-, who is or is not really quali- to vote. This is a state's er language is spoken. This would, in effect, amend the Constitution of the State of New York, for example, as it contains a provision which requires that a voter be "able, except for physical disability, to read and write English." Federal courts have upheld this 1 a n- fied responsibility and constitutional right. What is most important, however, is to keep in mind that neither the executive nor the legislative branch of the fede r a 1 government can actually grant th" right to vote. The federal guage as constitutional and "not government can act only when unreasonable exercise of the :'the right to vote is abridged powers of Jie state to provide I by reason or race or color or me, this shop might as well be closed for any other business. I do the very best I know how- the very best I can; and I mean to keep doing so until the end. If the end brings me out all right, what is said against me won't amount to anything. If the end brings me out wrong, ten angels swearing I was right wo u 1 d make no difference." CONFIDENT -ft OF INSIDE KNOWLEDGE— It is possible that Burke's words are more to Johnson's like, for he Is a man confident that he knows thing! his critics don't. He must read with particular repish . Burke'l dictum that "Those who would carry on great public scherri e » must be proof against. . . the presumptuous judgment of the ignorant upon their design," Johnson is fond of telling friends he is "too busy trying to get ahead to try to get even" With his critics. Visitors are Impressed with with Johnson's pride In fulfilling his obligations to American interests. When he sent planes in to rescue Americans from'the chaotic Congo, some advisers told him he was "killing" himself in Africa. Johnson's retort was explosive; he pointed out that on the contrary it was Americans who were being killed in the Congo'and he had to rescue them; he'd worry about our Image in Africa when he'd saved those American lives. * •* it The President likewise Is proud of his record in dealing with Latin-American crises. He feels he was right in not sending in troops when Castro shut off the water to our Guantanamo naval base. He believes it was far more effective to build that desalinization plant and thereby deprive the Cuban dictator of $5 million a year in water sales to the base. During the Panama crisis, some of the President's advisers suggested that a new treaty be negotiated as a means of persuading the Panama government to halt anti-American demonstrations. Lyndon Johnson told them hell no, he wasn't going to bribe anybody. Shortly, of course, the regime there agreed to settle for a U. S. offer to study the present treaty with a view toward its revision. Reviewing such decisions, Lyndon Johnson shrugs off any temptation to gloat by recalling still another quotation, this one from Elijah Cooke, who noted that "Success will have many shareholders, but failure will be the sole property of the man responsible." (A Bell-McClure Syndicate Feature) Business Mirror requirement for exercising the elective franchise." The Supreme Court eventually will have to decide whether the various devices inserted in sex. It cannot, therefore, lawfully bestow the right to vote on any citizen living in a state which prescribes certain qualifications for voting that are ap- the voting-rights bill now pend- plied without any discrimination, ing in Congress really serve a (Copyright, 1965, New York valid purpose and are within the'Her aid Tribune Inc.) News Notebook WASHINGTON — (NEA) —I to introduce Michigan's G o v. Presid en t Johnson rece n 11 y George Romney, another stu- Romney as "the 1968 may well be 11 e alternat i v e — I mean VIABLE alternative." Said Romney, mindful of the the Alan Boyd as the heads of the Federal Agency (FAA) and Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB). dent p r n respective ™ an who Aviat i o n ; * h a l var , ia A few days later 'at one of fac \ ^ ai manv cri " cs in his famous "walk-around-t h e P?st have expressed doubt that lawn" press conferences, the President let his hair down and, se ™ l ^L complained that the Wh i t e House "isn't a home — it's a place where you go when you Republican credentials a r e 'Some of my critics will say you were right the first time." it -to fi Romney also managed to By SAM DAWSON AP Business News Analyst NEW YORK (AP) — What people might do is still the big question and the big deterrent in laying out guidelines, for or derly economic change and growth. Congress would like to cut or scuttle excise taxes — some now, some at varying dates in the future. But what consumers will do while waiting first for Congress to set the terms, and then for the cuts to become effective, is unsettling the planning of retailers and producers alike. All kinds of inducements to keep customers from going on a temporary strike are being tried. What car buyers will do about keeping the auto makers' long drawbacks, he come up with the most unusual noted, was that airplanes flying w a y of referring to former in and out of Washington's Na- President Dwight Eisenho w e r tional Airport sometimes wake tnat anyone in Washington has him up at 5 a.m. heard for quite some time. Commented one reporter later: I "And in 1957," said Romney, "Well, now we know where] " tne late President Eisenhower. Halaby and Boyd made their • >uh - • - the earlier President Committee on the Judiciary on March 23, he said: "Some of the early (civil rights) laws were voided as too broad and others were later repealed. But the Supreme Court -Ct ft Visting a large eastern city, an Eisenhower. Washington newsm e n sometimes are irritated when Presi- old friend of President Johnson dent Johnson uses up more than Smith, surrendered near Brazos, Tex. In 1942, Nazi armies opened drives on Stalingrad and the Caucasus. In 1946, normal service was restored on the railroads following a nationwide strike. Ten years ago—British Prime Minister Anthony Eden and his Conservative party won a parliamentary majority in a general election. Five years ago—Former U.S. Ambassador to Moscow George Kennan appealed to senators to make the secretary of state the president's chief officer for all national security affairs. made a speech and submitted half nis P ress conference time 1 One year ago — Rebel tribes- to a press conference. ,with statements and leaves re- He was at pains to emphasize ! Porters a chance to ask only 10 from time to time that his re- or 15 Questions, ported influence with the Presi-! Perhaps they are luckier than has never voided a statute lim-1 dent was greatly exaggerated, • ^ nev realize. A recent broad- i ited to enforcement of the Fif-: that he really didn't weigh too cast from Hanoi said that the men shot down a British helicopter north of the colony of Aden, killing one British soldier and wounding seven. teenth Amendment's prohibition against voting." discrimination in heavily in the scales. vaoi. ULUII nanui saiu mat I n e n Ifl M North Vietnamese Prem i e r, RCCOrd Or the Past His arg u m e n t was slight 1 y' p "am Van Dong, gave an "inter- handicapped by the fact that he view" to the Indonesian corres- Mr. Kratzenbach then added i took five calls from the White P° nde nt for the Soviet newspa- that the court had "expressly' House during the evening. j per Pravda. pointed to the Power of Congress Addressing an audience of col-' Said the broadcaster: "The to protect the right to 'exemp- lege students on the future of following is the quest i on tion from discrimination in the the Republican party, one young and Premier Pham Van Dong's exercise of the elective franchise | man urged that the OOP's pri- answer." on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude." The big question now is how far Congress can go in preventing discrimination by the states when persons are being registered who wish to vote. Certainly, a literacy or other te s t which applies equally to persons of every color or race is not in itself an abridgement of the right to vote. To abolish poll taxes, for example, as a qualification for registering voters—as has just been approved by a vote in a mary task was to find a "viable alternative" to the Great Society. Following the podium house committee or Cong r e s s 3' spei ' " w ' u " '" Ironwood Daily Globe Published evenings, except Sundays t>y Globe Publishing Company. 118 E McLcod Ave.. Ironwood, Michigan Established Nov 20. 1919. I Ironwood News-Record acquired April 16 1921; Ironwood Times acquired May 23. 1046.) Second class postage paid at Ironwood. Michigan. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED HKE'SS The Associated Press is entitled exclusively to the use for repubication of all the local news pruned m this news dis- American handling the voting-rights bill- is plainly an action in disregard of supreme court decisions. A poll tax could, of course, be used wrongfully to limit, a riti- zen's right to vote, but unless it can be found that white men are permitted to vote when they have failed to pay SUCh a' »» town* and locations where carrier tov 1 i7hii/i tv,« c.ov«« «« i » w service is maintained. Elsewhere—per * av While the Same neglect by VC ar. SIS; one month $1 SO All mnll Press Association, Inland Dally Press Association. Bureau of Advertising, Michigan Press Association, Audit Bureau of Circulations. Subscription rates: By mail within m radius of 00 miles—per year. $9; ilx months, $5; three months, 13; one Day in History By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Wednesday, May 26, 10 YEARS AGO — Tempera tures: High 60, low 44. . .Coach boom going also grows more complicated for the forecasters, in and out of the industry. Some <r think a *r the big buying spree early, this year was due largely .to the shortage earlier because of last fall's auto strikes. But that's and today the auto makers are bragging- that car 'sales 'are "set-: ting highs for any May. . 1; Much of the car buying 5s due to general consumer confU dence in a continuing span of/: good times, and therefore -in thet ability to meet the monthly pay- 3 ments. Such confidence can change quickly, but there are; few signs now of any danger^ Another big uncertainly i^ makers of cars and appliances, the construction industry' and all the rest — will do about' the inventories they were trying to build up earlier this year when there was talk of a pos-f; sible steel strike May 1. The strike deadline now is Sept. 1 and a strike looks less likely than it did earlier this year. But steel users aren't ; ; markedly cutting back on their'; orders, the steel mills say, nor asking for shipment delays. Steel output again after a has turned up three-week dip from the record set late in April. Steelmen insist that most of the slowdown in production has ; been due to repairing facilities; rather thaa any easing in de- ; mand. Their ules are full shipment for many scheoV weeks ahead, with only the usual summer lapse for plant shutdowns for vacations. a a # But what will steel users do if a steel labor-management settlement begins to look' like a" sure thing? Will they hold on-; to any stocks they've managed to build up? If so - win ft ^ e the 146th day of 1965. There are | f on Ba y near Washburn, Wis., 219 clays left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1868, the only president ever to be impeached, Andrew Johnson, won acquittal Mario "Chief" oiaiiu'n z i o's as , a . hed e e against ppsfible. Hurley Midgets continued to ad-!Pyj ce increases? Will theifton- vance in their bid for the Wis-i* idence in the sales prospect for consin high school baseb a 11 th * lr own Products keep, their championship by winning the oraers sizable? sectional tournament staged at | Rumors play a big role in the Superior. . .The Gitchee Gumec stock market, sending prices up Council, Boy Scouts of America' ° r d ° wn - often without justifdca- has announced plans for their an- tion - Rumors, or what people nu a 1 Explorer Conservat ion: tnink might happen, also can Camp which will be held at! P J ay a big role in the world of Camp Barksdale on Chequame- i retailing and of manufacturing. from June 12-18. 20 YEARS AGO — Temperatures: High 64, low 45. . .A display of woodburning art, pictures etched in wood plaq u e s i ENJOYED PLAY People's Forum in the Senate, the impeachment ! °y burning in the lines, is on Editor Daily Globe; forces losing by a single vote i display in the Abelman store; Fridav niKht mv Inhncnn «,oc. i«,««r,,,i,»3 *_n ____ liMnrfnui RAseowiPr \vhoro it ic ' " * Johnson was impeached following a long series of clashes with Congress and his attempt to fire Secretary of war Edwin Stanton. On this date in 1790, the area south of the Ohio River was organized as the Southwest Territory. In 1805, Napoleon was crowned king of Italy. . , I attended the Theatre North; production of "Witness for fen e ; Bessemer, where it is attracting great interest. The pictures are the work of Frank Lucynski. . . .This Sunday, May, ... 27, being the Sunday nearest to 1 , We su , r ^ appreciated the per-; Memorial Day, will be observed fol ™ ers talent and the Urne they , at the Church of Transfiguration; mu f tiave s P ent Preparing this by a special service of remem- Presentation. brance of all those who ha v e died In the service of God and country, according to an announcement made by the Rev. John Negroes has lost them the right subscriptions payable in advance. B.V j m 1865, the last army of the Ward Smith, rector of the Iron- in w.-ilo • ,ln i,, „ ramer, $20.80 P." yeal ln "QVanCej by , ,U_ rnrtn I-n n», ,,,,,lo,. rin,-, I/-1..1,,, U, I ™~: 1 „„,.;„ I, We thought it was very : well : done and enjoyed every of it. to vote, no discrimination in »j S r w«k?« 8 °e!*u. j Confederacy,-under Gen. Kirby] wood Episcopal parish. Yours very trvty, ':. MRS. R. L-'EPJCIIflON ' 166 E,. Harting-

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