IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN TUESDAY, MAY 25,1963. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE "The Daily Globe is an Independent newspaper, supporting what it believe* to be right and opposing what it believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and impartially." -linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publishe. 1927-1964. Mrs. Linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher The Siege of Girard College "If I ihotiplit I was going to die tomorrow, I should phut n Ircr nevertheless,, today." Stephen Ginml, 7 750-1 S3/- Girard college 1 , a Philadelphia educational institution for fatherless hoys, is in a state of .siege. Since May 1. its grounds in the heart of the north side Negro district have been surrounded by National Association for the Advancement of Colored People pickets demanding racial integration. Cecil Moore, the leader or the pickets, is out to get hv pressure what has been denied the Negro in the courts Stephen Girard. French-born, was motherless at 12. He went to sea and at the aee of 23 was a captain. He came to New York in his early youth, later established himself in Philadelphia, and became a trader, merchant, banker, and philanthropist. Upon his death in 1831 he left about $6 million to found a school for "poor white male orphans." Over the years, Girard College has grown and .prospered as a free home, secondary school, and junior college. Present enrollment is 710, and the original 86 million has been carefully built to between 875 million and SIGH million. The U.S. Supreme Court on Aug. 29. 1957 unanimously held that the school could not discriminate against Negroes because the board administering it was an agency of the state and the 14th Amendment forbade states to discriminate. The Girard will had named the Mayor and City Council of Philadelphia as trustees, and until 1957 the Philadelphia Board of City Trusts administered the school. The Philadelphia Orphans Court then set up a new system, with 13 private individuals as trustees. The Supreme Court found this arrangement legal on Jan. 24, 1958. The curriculum at Girard is both academic and vocational, and hence integration would be particularly useful for Philadelphia Negro youths. The quality of Girard's instruction is difficult to judge, but its alumni on balance have established an excellent record. The campus covers 43 acres and has 27 buildings, including the huge Founder's Hall, from which a statue of Girard stonily overlooks the nightly demonstrations at the main gate. The glare of police floodlights set a stage for the parading and frolicking. "-•- Most of the pickets are from the neighborhood. Negro police say they recognize members of local gangs; there is little indication of a cross-section of the Negro community The pickets meet at a chapel down the street. After the rally they march toward the campus, singing: Shotgun shells, shotgun shells, freedom all the way. Oh, what fun it is to blow the blue-suit man away. The wisecracks exchanged between the pickets and their leaders occasionally make Negroes among the police snicker. To cope with some 300 pickets, the city has decided that it is necessary to station up to 800 policemen near the school's main gate. So far, about a dozen pickets have been arrested, some of them for trying to scale the stout stone walls that .surround the campus. Most of the pickets, however, are content to cavort around the NAACP sound truck. The siege of Girard is, in the words of NAACP's cocky Cecil Moore, a "war of attrition." Referring to the cost of the special police. Moore gleefully threatens to bankrupt Philadelphia, whose population is about one- third Negro. A Year After Nehru's Passing When Jawaharlal Nehru died on May 27, 1964. the London Daily Mail observed: "He has gone at a crucial time, when the future of Asia could he decided by a struggle betweeen the two rival systems represented bv Communist China and democratic India; but that India today is powerful and modern enough to be the leader of one of these mighty factions is due almost entirely to Nehru," Today, a year after his death. India needs a Nehru almost as desperatelv as it needed him at any time during his life. The cease-fire with Pakistan over the Rann of Kutch is only a matter of expediency. Fighting could break out again whenever weather permits. China still menaces the Indian border to the north. A potential Pakistani-Chinese front against India, though improbable, still causes concern. Meanwhile, grinding poverty continues to be a commonplace—so much so that Nehru's successor, Prime Minister Lai Badadur Shastri, is shifting the emphasis on development rrom industrialization to full agricultural growth. While Nehru was an international figure. Shastri seems almost a pedestrian sort. India's voice in international forums no longer rings with impassioned idealism. The United States had extended more than &3.S billion in loans and credit to India in the postwar years through June 1964, plus heavy direct aid. We are shipping in 600,000 tons of \\hcat a month, but even this has not been enough to feed the people or forestall food riots. Meantime, aid from the Soviet Union, not so massive, has been highly publicized. Shastri, who was asked to put off his visit to Washington by President Johnson last month, arrived in Moscow on May 12 and promptly used the Kremlin as a forum to level some implicit criticism against the United States. He praised the economic assistance the Soviet Union has given India and added that his country is steadily progressing toward a socialist society. And just to twist the knife, he asserted that both the Soviet Union and India are "totally opposed" to the use of force for the settlement of international disputes. Michigan tornado blew a canceled check 85. miles. That's REALLY kiting it! The Conservatives and John Lindsay (Copyright IMS. IClflf Features Syndicate. Inc.I By /07m Chamberlain The Conservative party of New York, a "leverage" group dedicated to keeping the Republican party from falling into left-wing hands, polled 122,000 votes last fall within the environs of New York City for its senatorial candidate, Henry Paolncci. These votes could be crucial in the forthcoming contest for the mayor's job between liberal Republican John Lindsay and liberal Democrat Bob Wagner. The disposition of the 122,000 votes, assuming that the Conservative party can continue to control them, has been the subject of a truly •gonizing appraisal during the past few days in Conservative circles. When the Lindsay candidacy was first announced, one element in the New York City Conservative party hierarchy argued that it would be foolish to put a third candidate in the field against' Lindsay and Wagner. The rationale behind this attitude was that a contest for mayor involved housekeeping issues, not ideological considerations of right versus left. A slightly Machiavellian twist of this thinking had it that it might be a good thing from the Conservative standpoint to get John Lindsay out of the House of Representatives in Washington, where he can do positive harm by voting with the left on foreign policy and on high domestic spending, and into the city hall job that would engage his energies in such non-partisan matters as making a great metropolis both clean and safe for its inhabitants. This point of view, however, seems to have been rejected by the ruling elements among the Conservatives They frankly fear that the liberal Republicans are mainly interested in the New York City Hall-as a launching pad for state and national victories. As one important Conservative leader put it, "If.Lindsay should run well, it would give great leverage to the Kuchel-Scptt type of Republicanism. We've got to consider that there's more than New York City at stake here. There's Albany and the Republican 1968 convention to think •bout." Even so, the Conservative party, while it was veering toward putting up a candidate •gainst Lindsay and Wagner, held back for a period. But when John Lindsay indicated that he would put a review board over the New York. City polio*, this did it. Unless LindsHV Vf changes his mind, the odds at this moment are that the Conservative party will name its own candidate for mayor to take on both Lindsay and Wagner. The Conservatives think that "second-guessing" the police is an invitation to anarchy. The probability of a Conservative candidacy may seem of little importance to many, but in a boiling contest 122,000 votes added to or subtracted from the Lindsay total could change the political future ot the nation, it is not merely Lindsay's reputation that will be. riding on the result this fall. This is a fish-or- cut-bait proposition for Republican Senator Jacob Javits as well. For Javits, as Lindsay's practical manager and mentor, is putting his own great prestige as a New York City vote- getter on the line. With his own popularity among liberals, and his strong roots among those who grew up on the old East Side, Jake Javits has been able to win majority support for himself inside what is normally a heavily Democratic city. But when he pushed Ken Rating for the U.S. Senate against Bobby Kennedy last fall, he couldn't quite swing enough votes in the city to carry the day for his man. His excuse was that the Johnson coattails and the Kennedy name were insuperable obstacles, and that, all things considered, Ken Keating did very well to come as close to beating Kennedy as he did. Next November, however, there can be no excuse. If Javits can corral the last measure of votes necessary to put Lindsay over as mayor, it would, even as the Conservative party fears, have tremendous national significance. Javits would at once become a prime contender for the vice presidency. Lindsay could move on to Albany as governor, or to Washington as senator. But if Lindsay takes a beating, both he and Javits will be in trouble. This is why the action of a "leverage" party su^h as the one that is run by the Conservatives is important. As for the Liberal party, another "leverage group, it has had its share of Wagner patronage over the years. Could it possibly shift to Lindsay. One doubts it. And so we are left with a piquant situation, with Wagner presumably benefiting from the actions of two splinter parties that were originally designed to negate raeh other. Slightly on the Short Side The Washington Scene By BRUCE BIOSSAT WASHINGTON — (NEA) —Underlying the ferment here over U. S. foreign policy is a fairly old question—whether the government and the nation are obsessed with the threat of communism. It is being argued anew in some quarters that we not only see Communists under eve r y bush, but that we ascribe to them strengths and capacit i e s which they often do not have. It is also asserted that our heavy focus on communism som times obscures the role played by nationalistic-imperialistic impulses in such a country as Red China. We are told again that other free nations do not fret about the Communist menace the way we ! do. And some students of foreign affairs suggest it is perectly sensible for Communist nat ions, like others, to build broad protective zones around themselves. The arguments deserve a fresh review. Inquiries among policymakers in this capital do not in fact turn up people who think the Russians, the Chinese or any other Communists are really 10 feet tall. Nor do they believe Reds lurk behind every shrub. <t O <r What they do think is that the Communists, whether direct e d from Moscow, Peking, Havana or Hanoi, have developed tech-! niques of covert aggress ion: which are peculiarly fitted to! •what James Montgomery of the State Department calls the "vulnerabilities" visible today in, so many insecure nat i o n s i around the world. With these golden opportunities lying all about, the Communists can—in this frightening nuclear age—undertake a variety of small-risk games, from guerrilla warfare to stone-the-embassy. The link between these subversive enterprises and the nationalistic-imperialistic ambitions of Moscow and Peking is a question stirring much debate among U. S. foreign affairs specialists. That is not the place to air the fine-spun arguments. The point i is that some feel the United States might, have better luck; keeping nations out of the Mos-l cow-Peking orbits by talking more about the menace of Russia and China and less about, communism as such. The other side thinks this is all academic, that vulnerable countries have grown sophistic a t e d I enough to see communism in all i its aspects—a powerful weapon! serving imperialist causes, a| worldwide false front behind! which ambitious imperialists tryi to widen their circle of support-j ers and diminish their enemies— at the minimum, a form and practice of government which, if, victorious, "closes out the options" on all other kinds for long years to come. •d Q ti There are some debat ers who don't want us to worry at all, whether the problem be labeled "communism" or "Russia" or "China." They contend that regi o n a 1 domination by large pow e r s, whether through the compu 1 - sions of influence or throu g h actual physical expansion as with China's moves into India and Tibet, is something we cannot prevent and ought to approve. Our government opposes both expansion and "influence" which leads to a Communist take-over, not the least reason being that such moves destroy all choic e for the trampled neighbors. Nor does history back the notion that big powers who are allowed such dominance will] then rest content and leave the world alone. Captured German records from World War II showed that Hitler and his associates took every prewar Allied concession as proof of weakness. Yielding on- ly whetted his appetite for conquest. Winning so easily at Munich, he was angry he had not asked for more. The records show Hitler's real ambitions went far beyond the imaginings of any who were trying to avoid war by "satisfying his reasonable demands." It would not be well today to underrate the ambitions of Moscow and Peking—however they be packaged and labeled. Business Mirror By SAM DAWSON AP Business News Analyst NEW YORK (AP) — The stock market has been indulging in what looks like an attack of spring fever. And the question is whether that's all it is, or whether an authentic period of caution has set in for stock traders. After climbing to highs in the first two weeks of May, stock prices slid in the third week, with trading slackening off as the sun warmed up. Brokers are watching to see if the market stays lackadaisical until the long Memorial Day weekend. For many this will mark the start of a new season, whatever the solar time table may say. Cautionary signs are clearly visible. 6 6 •& The international news has been disturbing on several fronts. Increased fighting in Viet Nam and the Dominican revolt on this nation's doorsteps has led many to wonder what may be ahead: more orders for defense firms? Less emphasis on domestic programs? Tin, copper and other commodities are involved in political and labor troubles abroad. Steel and aluminum are tangled in labor-management hard bargaining at home, with the results carrying the possibility of effects well-beyond the field of metals. The big boost in auto sales and in buying of steel in the first quarter has aided the economy to set highs. And corporation profits have taken a big jump as a result. So have personal incomes. Much of the drop in the third week of May could have been traced to disappointment that stocks weren't split, dividends weren't raised, or at least not as high as rumored, that profits of some firms looked good but not brilliant. «> f> t, -a The market as a whole has had a long uphill climb. Spring fever could be just a natural reaction. From a 1962 low of 535.76, the Dow-Jones industrial average rose to a record 939.62 May 14. By Friday May 21 it had slipped to 922.01. This index of 30 leading stocks, heavily weighted to give effect to the many splits and other corporate changes over the years, is only an indicator at best of the course of the general market, but it is closely followed by the public. The climb of 403.88 points from the low point after the 1962 market crash is a whopper. The slip of 17.61 points in the third week of May is hardly catastrophic. Day in History By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Tuesday, May 25, the 145th day of 1965. There are 220 days left in the year". Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1787, the first regular session of the Constitutional Convention met at Philadelphia— nominally to amend the old articles of confederation but, as it turned out, really to frame the Constitution we have today. On this date In 1803, author-philosopher Ralph Waldo Emerson was born in Boston. In 1862, Gen. Stonewall Jackson and his confederate troops defeated federal forces at Winchester, Va., ending a union threat to the Shenandoah Valley. In 1887, Yale College became a university. In 1942, Gen. Joseph (Vinegar Joe) Stilwell arrived in New Delhi, India, from his epic retreat from Burma. In 1943, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and President Franklin D. Roosevelt held a joint news conference in Washington. Ten years ago — A tornado demolished Udall, Kan., leaving 80 persons dead; another torna do hit Blackwell, Okla., killing 18. Five years ago — Presided Dwight D. Eisenhower reportec on the U2 plane incident and the failure of the summit con ference in a nationwide radio television appearance. One year ago — The Su preme Court ruled that the Con stitution does not permit the abolition of public schools in j one county of a state while they remain open in other countie j —a decision affecting Prince Edward County, Va. Ironwood Daily Globe Published evenings, except Sunday* by Globe Publishing Company. 118 E. McLcod Ave., Ironwood, Michigan Established Nov. 20. 1919. (Ironwood News-Record acquired April 16 1921; Ironwood Times acquired May 23. 1946.1 Second class postage paid at Ironwood. Michigan. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is entitled exclusively to the use for repubication of all the local news printed In this newspaper, as well as «1! \P news dispatcher Member of American Newspaper Publishers Association, Interamerlcan Press Association. Inland Daily Press Association. Bureau of Advertising. Michigan Press Association. Audit Bureau ot Circulations. Subscription rates: By mall within • radius of 60 miles—per year, $9; six months, SS; three months, 13; one month, $1.50. No mall subscriptions told to towns and locations where carrier service Is maintained./ Elsewhere—per vear, S18; one month. SI SO. All mnil subscriptions payable in advance. By carrier, $20.80 per year In advance; by tin week. *0 cenla. Record of the Past The National Whirligig by MeClure Newspaper Syndicate! By ANDREW TULLY WASHINGTON —In any popularity contest, the policem a n is a long-shot entry. The masses in ancient Greece and the Rome of the Caesars distrusted the cop because he wielded the power of life and death. Gilbert and Sullivan were reflecting the tradi- ional sentiment of Anglo-Saxon society when they noted the un- tiappiness of the policeman's lot. In Dixie these days, It Is the FBI agent's turn to take a beating. Recently, the country has been made aware of the FBI's difficult assignment In the South by the display of popular resentment against Its agents in the government's Alabama prosecution of the three men accused of the slaying of Mrs. Viola Liuzzo. But resistance to the FBI presence has been prevale n t since 1957, when the agen c y launched its stepped-up investigations of civil rights cases. •d it tt BY THEIR ENEMIES —As o n e of the instrume n t s of change, the FBI has come under attack from various quarters— Klansmen, other racists and well-meaning but confused Southerners troubled by the revolution in their land. FBI agents assigned to Dixie have been spat upon, assaulted, threatened, cursed, refused service in restaurants and other establishments and told to "get out of town." The FBI has been mocked as the "Federal Bureau of Integration." In Notasulga, Ala., a poster in the town hall signed by the Town Clerk declared "Rep o r ters. Photographers and Employ e es of the Justice Department or members of the FBI are not needed and are not welcome in this building." The Bar Association in Lowndes County, Miss., bought space in a local newspaper to counsel citizens against cooperating with FBI agents. ft <r it "TAKE THE FAITH"— Th« Bar Association in Dallas County, Ala., issued a statement advising citizens they could refuse to answer any questions asked by FBI agents. Last March 7, Agent Daniel Doyle was attacked and his camera stolen by a mob of white men on Highway 80 east of Selma, Ala. A farmer an Terrell County, Ga., threw a haymaker at Agent Paul Mohr that stunned the agent and knocked off his glasses. Presumably, FBI agents can take all this in stride. They have, after all, no alternative. Unfortunately, however, this resentment of the agency has crept into the courtroom, where it is now the fashion to defend the accused in civil rights cases by mounting attacks on the FBI it it £ DENOUNCES ALL— Thus, in Hayneville, Ala., attor n e y Matt Murphy stirred up the natives in the trial of Collie Leroy Wilkins for the Liuzzo slaying by dencouncing with impartiality President Johnson, Negroes, Jews and the FBI. And last September in Danielsvllle, Ga., counsel/for two Southerners charged with the murder of the Negro educat o r, Lem u e 1 Penn, won their acquittal with a closing statement in which he charged the. FBI had come into the area ' with orders not to come .back "until you bring us white meat." ^ Such outrageous performances will continue.! In most cases, they are!'the racists' only weapon of defense because the evidence gathered by the FBI is so overwhelming. But in a sense, this Is a tribute to the cold efficiency of J. Edgar Hoover and his men. Under the circumstances, they" should wear these insults as medals. The Doctor Says By W. G BRANDSTADT, M.D. Q—As a school nurse I s e e kids with plantar warts and athlete's foot. Since our sch o o 1 now has a swimming pool, what measures should be taken to prevent the spread of these infections? A—Athlete's foot, or ringworm, and plantar warts are spread by contact with the locker-room floor and not from the water. Individual resistance appears to be the determining factor in who develops these infections. Attempts to control their spread by keeping infected pupils out of the pool have not been successful. Chemical foot baths for bathers leaving the pool have been tried but this has also been shown to be useless. Some help can be derived from having all swimmers wear their own private slippers or sandals at all times except when actually in the water. Daily cleaning and disinfection of the locker room floor is helpful. Bath towels should be boiled after each use. Q—What causes hives? What tests are needed to make a diagnosis? What is the treatment? A—Hives are caused by aller- tures: High 73, low 54. ... The first shipment of Red Cross yarn since last fall has arrived in Gogebic county. A total of 300 sweaters are to be knitted, so knitters are asked to call for their yarn as soon as possible. . . . The St. Ambros school has more than doubled its quota in the sale of war bonds in the Seventh War Loan drive, it was announced today. The school's quota was $10,405, and sales to date have amounted to $27,260, or $16,655 above the quota. gy—usually to an article of diet or something in contact with the skin. Food allergies are determined by carefully supervi s e d diets that eliminate one or more foodstuffs for four or five days. Contact allergies are tested by patch tests. The suspected irritant is applied to a small piece of blotting paper and held against the test area with /adhesive tape for 24 hours. Although various antihista.:nin- ic drugs will give some relief, the only satisfactory treatment is to discover the cause and avoid it. Q—My sister was operated on for Kahler's disease. What is the cause? How serious is it? Can it be cured? A—Kahler's disease or multiple myeloma is a disease of unknown cause. It is manifested by painful tumors in the bo n e s and results in a severe anemia. Recent work on the treatment of this disease shows promise. NSC- 1026, a drug that is still experimental, relieves the pain. Cyclo- phosphamide, a drug that is available with a doctor's prescription, halts the progress of the disease in some vict i m s. Carefully regulated doses ot sodium fluoride combined with calcium lactate have been used with success in others. The best results reported to date, however, have been with melphalan, a derivative of nitrogen mustard gas. Please send your questions and comments to Wayne G. Brandstadt, M. D., in care of this paper. While Dr. Brandstadt cannot answer individual letters he will answer letters of general interest in future columns. Berry's World 10 YEARS AGO— Tempe r a tures: High 52, low 39 . . Marvin Rowe, son of Mrs. Les lie Rowe, 228 S. Curry St., had the leading role in "Garret Con fidential," a dramatic musi c a presentation given last week a' the spring banquet of Garr e t where he is a student . . . A group of 50 candidates from Ontonagon and the var i o u s range communities will receive the major degrees of the Knights of Columbus. Ceremonies will be held in Christ the King Church parish hall at Ramsay on Sunday, May 29 . . . . Ironwood's tempera r u r e dropped to the lowest in a week last night when a low mark of 39 degrees was registered, 20 YEARS AGO— Tempera- • IMS by NEA, Inc. . So wt propose the following compromise 'Caution—Health May Be Hazardous to Your Cigarette Smoking.'"
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