Iola Daily Register And Evening News from Iola, Kansas on January 25, 1933 · Page 1
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Iola Daily Register And Evening News from Iola, Kansas · Page 1

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Wednesday, January 25, 1933
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STATE HISTOKIUAL auw ^ACii COM P. TOPEKA,KAB«. lOLA VOLUME XXXVI. No. 76. SuccesBor to The lola Daily Kegister, The lola Doily RecorU, nnd loli Daily Index. lOLA, KAS., WEDNESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 25, 1933. FARMERS GIVEN WARNING ABOUT LOSSES ON HOGS Buyers of Stock of Un- luiown Origin Taking Risk, Mercer Says WAY TO PROTECTION Braum Gives Rules to Follow to Prevent Death Of Livestock The WMkly Rcgiiter, Eitahliahed 1867 The loU Daily Register, Ketabliahed 1897 KANS.\S CrXV BANK FALLS Only Bank! in Kansas City to Close Since Depression Hit. A wamihg to farmers who pa. Ironizo communitj' sales was received by Tile Register today and was echoed by .County Farm Agent Dan M. Braum. The; warning was - j-ssued iif '.er m;:ny complaints had been received in Topcka telling of ' hog biiyers who had exiDericnced, hea\^' lasses in hogs thoy bought at 1 ^ commuiiity sale.";, and came from • I the of flee ' of J. H. Mercer in Top<!ka. The letter follows: "Dui-lng the past several! months, the. office of J. H. Mercer, stale livestock sanitarj- commissioner, has received many .letters from buyers of hogs at community sales who J have experienced severe losses, following such purchases. The condition .seems to exist to n more or less degree in many counties In Kan.sas. • "Recent investigations, made by the. livestock department Indicate that while sr.le managers and auctioneers in general, try to maintain .•sanitary pnifni.scs. and will not knowingly allow .sick or even doubt- 4 ful hogs to pa.s.s through their sale -' ^'rings, the history of many such consignments. In these days of many trucks and rapid hauling facilities. Kansas City, Jan. 25. (AP)—Tlib Pioneer Trust company of Kansas City did not open today, and Its affairs were placed In the hands of the stale banking department by the board of directors. The thirty-year- old financial Institution located kt 1014 naltlmore avenue, had deixjslts of S2.500,000. Walton H. Holmes is president of the bank and his brother, Conway F. Holmes its first vice-president. In Its statement of December 31, .1D32, the bank listed lis total assets at $3,401,381.59; its loans and discounts as $1,523,545.40 and its capital as $400,000. The president of the bank made a brief statement today. ' "The officers and directors -wiil do eyerj-thlng in their power," he said, "to cooperate with the state authorities to get the best possibls results .for the depositors and others interested in the bank." The Pioneer Trust is the only bank in Kansas City to close dur- mg the present period of unsettled business conditions. HOT LUNCHES TO GO TO WORKERS Churches of City to Provide Noon Meal for Men On Relief Projects Hot lunches every work day of the week will be provided by the churches of lola for men working on the cooperative unemployment relief project now under way In lola. It was announced today. The lunches will be served In the Presbyterian. First Methodist, Bap- I list. Christian and United Brethren is often most indennlle." A load of: churche.s In rotation. Other church- AGE AND WEIGHT CONSIDERED FOR N^WAUTOiFEES Subcommittee Agirees on Cuts in Contrast to Landori Plaiis hogs consigned In atjy sale mi«ht have been n.s.sembled by truck in many localities, hauled lumdrccls of miles and pn.ss through many .saUs before finding a permanent" ho:ue. In .some ciise;i the tieniment of ho;w lit tnuLsll IK very devltallztng, as the iinlninl.s may be subjected to naigli [•s of the town, however, will share \V} the co.st and the work. It was decided to servo only in the five churches named becau.se the buildings belonging to other dnnom- inullons are not equipped with tHe proper facilities for the preparation nf food. Bocau.se the meals arc to handling, crowding, overlieatlng. or • be .served In the churches noted does r chilling, ; — Cojnmunlly .Sale All lUglit. "A community sale properly inan- agcd i« a nn(- thing for the community as It fwrnl.shes the farmer a ; home market at a minlinum of sales f expense. Often farmers receive more for their offerings than could be realized Vpre the animals sent to one. of the publiis rnarkets. "Because of the number of reported losses, Mr. Mcrct^r warns all purchasers of such animals to txer- cise e .Ktreme caution in buying.". Mr. Braum. the county agent, cor- roberated the assertions of Mr. Mercer, saying that a few cases of lenses to hog buyers had been re]X)rted • in Allen county. "These losses gave evidence of resulting from infection in the course i of transit 'to| community .sales and V until the problem of proper sanitary • fcupen-lsion can be solved, the farm- <.r 'Will have to protect him.scU as l)est ho can. ; Hero are a few rules ; he could follow to advantage: Rules to Follow. "Attend the\salo early enough on .sale day to .see the animals in qujet nnd natural conditions. '". "Investigate the reliability of the consignor, and get historj* of tho i hops regarding origin. ; "Obtain it pos-sible a health guarantee, or at least a definite under.• standing with the consignor. —i "Buy, nothing that looks at ail * doubtful on saic day. "Buy no hogs from knowii infect; ed ar«as. ' . ! "Vaccinate against cholera a.s soon : as purchased. i "After taking hogs home. Isolate i them for. at least ten days before > allowing them with-the other hogs : on the farm.' = "In hauling hogs avoid rough 'treatment, crowding, chilling, or : overheating, all of 'which tends to not mean that the others will not jiartlclpate nnd should not be given credit for helping in the work. Ladles of the' various' churches will ijrepare the food wfiich will be .served piping hot to the 15 or 17 mi-n who are employed im the relief project dally. The meals will be served In a:different cljiurch daily. The churches will pay for the cost of the food. I The plan was brought forward with the Idea of providing hot. nourishing food for the men in place of the cold lunches which njost of them would otherwise consume." It will also mean that the foodl v;hich the men get from the lola WJelfare association in return for their -work will go just that much furlhcjr. Meanwhile, the unempIojTnent project Ls progressing satisfactorily, according to Harrison Ashford, city engineer in cliarge of ihe work. Gravel is being hauled from a pit north of lola to Breckenridge street which will be completely surfaced from State east to Wash(ngton before that project is completed. Men are also at work preparing curbings for street int;ersection markings. TEACHERS TO MEET February 4 Set at Date for Third Meetingr of Year The third meeting of the Allen county teachers aw,oclatlon for the .school jear of 1932-33 will i>e held in tho senior high school February 4, Miss E)oUie Adams, county superintendent annoimced today. The speaker for th& all-day session will be C. E. Germane, an Instructor in the education department of the University of Missouri, who will talk at a morning gathering of teachers only, on the sub- Ki;VER.\L FOR A HUGE WO.M.VV I Speci.Tl Ca.skct. Derrick Used in Ser( : ^iccs for Indianan. ject of "How to Study." In the aft- iirhpair health and reduce natural; ernoon he will six;ak at a meeting to resistance to disease." i which patrons and any other persons Interested are Invited on the subject. "Mental Hygiene." Other numbers on the afternoon program will include a trombone solo by Delbert Franklin of Moran. a cornet quartet under the direction of Ralph McCrary. .superintendent of the Moran schools, and numbers by the boys glee club of the Mildrcd school. Miss Adams said that Mr. Germane is remembered by a nimiber of Allen county teachers as having given a most interesting address at a meeting of thp organization three years ago. and she predicts that his remarks this year will be of even greater interest. The meeting in Pebruarj- will be the third of the four which are required during the school year. : Franklin, Ind., Jan. 25. fAP)— Private funeral services were held today for Mrs. Graham Smith. 40,' who, at tho time of her death \ weighed 608 pounds. A-special casket was built for her \ body and a portion of a wall of her horhe was removed so the casket cpuld be brought into the house. Tlic casket was taken to the ceme- torj'i on a trtick and lowered into , the grave by a derrick. WEATHER and ROADS FOR KANSAS—Generally fair, somewhat warmer in west and north-central portions tonight; Thursday partly cloudy; wanner in ^ast and central portions. FOB TOLA—Fair loniffht: Wednesday nartly cloudy and warmer. Rlid-Wcek Forecast for Kansa.s— . RIorstly fair weather, except rain Thursday niglit or Friday: temperature will be near or somewhat above normal. Temperature—Highest yesterday 60. 'jowest last night 30; normal for today 30; excess yesterday 15; ex- ces.'i since January 1st. 333 degrees; this date last year—highest 41: lowest 2X, PreciiJitation for the 1 24 hours ending at 7 a. m. todayi .11; total fiov this year to date. 1.33; excess since January 1st .25 inches. Relative humidity at 7 a. m. today 78 per cent; barometer reduced to —sea level. 29.91 inches. f Sun rises 7:32 a. m.; sets 5:37 p. m. • J - Weather and Dirt Roads. . Kmporla, Manhattan. Ottawa, Coffeyville, Salina, Pittsburg, Arkansas City, Wichita, Topeka, clear, roads good. DEATH OF MRS. .\NNIE CONLEY. K Former Resident of lola for Many Years Dies in Kansas City.' Mrs. Annie E. Conley. widow of the late W. J. Conley. who has been making her home with her son Bert at Kansas City, died at 2 o'clock yesterday, in the eight-first year of her age. The bo^y will be brought to lola tomorrow morning. Fuiieral services will be held at the Sleeper chapel at 2 p, m.. conducted by the Rev. J. H. Sowerby of the Baptist church of wiiich Mrs. Conley was a life long member. Mrs. Conley was born in Illinois June 15. 1855,i but came to lola with her family ihj the pioneer days. She was the mother of nine children of whom the following survive. Captain Burr Conley. National Military Home. Leavenworth; Bert Conley, Kansas City; John Conley, Long Beach, Calif.; Rayi Conley. U. S; army; and Mrs. Hollinger, Iowa. Mrs. Conley lived for many years in lola and has many friends here whole sympathy goes out to the bereaved family. _ ^ TO COMMITTEE NOW Full Body Must Act Before Legislature! Can. Go i^to Action Topeka. Jan. 25. (AP)—A plan calling for a downward scaling of automobile license fees on a basis of both the age and weight of motor cars in contrast with Governor Alfred ML I>andon's proposal for a 60-cent nilnimum fee based on weight alone had the approval today of a legislative subcommittee. The subcommittee, however. In approving the plan set out lii a bill by Senator Rees (R) of Emporia, retained a 60-cent mlnlmimi fee, however, making It applicable on cars weighing 2600 pounds or less and naore than 9 years old. As approved by the subcommittee, the scale would provide a $5 fee for vehicles up to five years of age and weighing not to exceed 2,600 poimdsJ On vehicles coming under the 2,600- pound maximum, fees would scale downward $1 jfor each additional year of age' to !$1 for those between 8 and 9 years of age. Fifty cents would be added for each 100 poimds in excess of 2.600. Early legislative action on the license fee proposal was forecast. Representative Blood (R) of Sedgwick county, chairman of the subcommittee, said it would report to the house and senate roads and highways committees today. The full committees must act before a license fee bin is brought out on the floor. A ee -pcni Minimum. Governor London had recommended a scale' beginning at CO cents far vehicles weighing 2.100 pounds or le.s.s, with 75 cents added for each additional 100 jjounds. Statute now provides a schedule based on an $8 minimum, with 50 cents added for each 100 iwunds In excess of 2,000. . Rediictlojis in the lower weight brackets, and increases In the higher brackets, were proposed tor truck.s by the subcommittee. The approved scale was announced as: . One thousand pounds capacity or less. S7:,50; .1 ton, $10; 1.5 tons, $15; 2 tons, $40; 2.5 tons. $50;''3 tons. $75; 4 tons S150; and $50 for each additional ton. The present truck scale is: One thousand pounds capacity or less. SO; 1.5 tons. $15; 2 tons. $30; 2.5 tons, $37.50; 3 tons, $45; 4 tons, S70; five tons. $100,; and $40 for each additional ton. Chairman Blood estimated the bill would raise 3 million dollars revenue annually and result in a 2 million saving to purchasers of automobile license plates. Ralston Move Rejected. Another move advocated by its proponents as an economy measure was rejected by_the senate late yesterday. It w-as'the Ralston amendment to require 22 Inspection arid registration departtnents to pay 25 per cent of their fee collections into the state general revenue fund. Senator Ralston (R) of El Dorado, citing figures to show his amendment would increase fee. payments to the general revenue fund by $127,000 a year, said it would "help' to reduce direct taxe^." Opponents of the amendment^ said it would force departments to ^increase their fees. ' After rejecting the amendment, the senate passed a routine ways and means committee bill requiring "fee" departments to pay the customary 10 per cent of their collections to the general revenue fund. The senate tabled • the Colfman resohitlon which would have placed it on record as favoring "material" reductions in a^propriations, a "substantial" cut In salaries, and a $6,000 armual limitation on the latter. It was tabled on motion of Senator Friend (R) of Lawrence, who snid there was some doubt whether the senate could, by resolution, fix salaries or appropriations. SIX PAGES: Midcontinent Still in An Unsettled Condition Small Producers Claim lliey Are Faced With Bankruptcy Under Present Price Schedules and Big Companies Worry About Taxes and Proration Law. Tulsa, Oklai, Jan. 25. (AP)— Low prices, prospective changes In pro­ ration laws, new tax problems and the uncertain status of investigations Into enforcement of curtailment have kept the mld^contlnent oil Industry unsettled the last few days. Virtually all purchasers of crude oil were buying on the new'scale posted first by the Stanolind crude oil. pivchaslng- company a week ago, and there were frequent expressions of dissatisfaction from' the small producers requiring Immediate outlet for his bU. Loud protestations came from the stripper producers, who reiterated their often expressed decIara,tion that they could no longer afforcl to keep open their wells at current schedules fixing the top price at 52 cents a barrel. "Stripper well operators, nmnlng a bariTBl or slightly more per day per well, cannot keep going with the price so low," said 'Winston P.. Henry, a leading operator of this HALLORANFREE IN MURDER CASE Mrs. Judd Defeats Herself In Attempt to Involve Lumberman Phoenix. Ariz., Jan. 25. (AP)— John 3. Halloran, Phoenix lumberman, was cleared today of a charge of being an accessory In the 'Winnie Ruth Judd murder case by a decision of suiJcrlpr Judge J. C. Nlles, which held the'state had failed to prove murder had been committed. The decision was seized uiwn by counsel for Mrs. Judd. sentenced to be hanged February 17, as grounds upon which to ask a parole for the condemned woman. Paradoxically, it was Mrs. Judd's own story as the accusing witness diu'lng Halloran's preliminary hearing, that defeated her attempt to Involve him, and placeti her own case .in a new light. Arthur - Verge, attorney for Mrs. Judd, annoimced at Los Angeles that a full parole would be sought. "Based on findings of the Maricopa county grand jury that It believed .she killed Agnes Le Rol and Hedvig Samuelson in self-defense and upon the decision of Judge Niles in the Halloran action," Verge said, "we are confidently hopeful that the Arizona board of pardons and paroles will grant iMrs. Judd a full parole at her hearing to be set next week." j The lumberman was released from the charges of having aided Mrs. Judd in disposing of the body of Agnes Le Rol, advising her to keep the klUiijig secret and to escape to California. The decision of Judge Nlles, sitting as _ a commltlng magistrate, closed the case, unless the county attorney should see fit to file a new- complaint,, an avenue left open to him by the court's action in sustaining Halloran's motion for dismissal. The prosecutor Indicated, however, he had no such plans. ''So far as I am concerned," said County Attorney Rcnz L. Jennings, "it is finished." Mrs. Judd's story of the sayings, told iri open court for the first time at the Halloran hearing, was one entirely of self defense. At her trial for murder last 'February her defense was Insanity and she did not testify. class of production in eastern Okla- lioma. "It means -bankruptcy for [many, and increase^ unemployment." , Large purchasers, with much empty storage, were casting about for new sources of crude, hoping to fill depleted stocks at loW prices. Refinery prices reflect the general low schedule for crude. In the mid- continent or "group 3" area, U. S. motor gasoline w'as going at slightly more than 2 cents a gallon at refineries, but demand was rated fair for the period of the year. New proration proposals In the Oklahoma legislature, stressed "ratable taking" by pipe line companies and prevention, of discrimination between the se-veral fields of the state. . I Yesterday the Oklahoma tax commission heard a last plea of purchasing companies to continue In effect the time honored custom of allowing 3 per cent for shrinkage In making tax reports. There was little hope the commission would agree, and plans were afoot In legal departments of numerous companies to test the question In the courts. Under a custom that, has been in effect since 1916, companies have allowed 3 per cent for water, sediment, unusuable residue, sand and other possible foreign matter Intruding In oil from the wells. The commission holds there Is no such shrinkage imder modem producing and transporting conditions. There has arisen considerable dls' cushion of the possible results of an Investigation Into proration practices and procedure, conducted by a special committee of the Oklahoma senate. That millions of barrels ot oil have been produced in violation of regulations Is admitted by state officials, but the laws provide no adequate recourse. New proration laws arc expected to rectify this condition. TARIFFS MUST BE RAISED TO SAVE COUNTRY Other Choice Is to Stabilize Foreign Currencies, Hoover Says FIGHT ON IN SENATE Senators Wrangle Over Reported Roosevelt Move on Debts LETICIA UP AGAIN Trouble nrewing in South America Over Amazon River Port "THE MUSIC MASTER" HERE City Federation Presenting Belasco's Famous Production Friday "The Music Master," one of David Belasco's outstanding productions, will be presented In lola Friday night by the Misner players of Omaha under the auspices of the City Federation of women's clubs. It will be show-n on the stage of the junior high school auditorium beginning at 8 p. m. , The Reading role, that of the old German music master, is played by Ernest Raymond Misner, head of the Misner School of the Spoken •Word In Oniaha, and reports from other towns !w-here the production has been, staged Indicate that those who attend win be well entertained. Admission: Is 25 cents and tickets may be purchased from any of the federation members or from Waller's Palace drug store. Proceeds going to the federation will be used to promote the civic work of the federation. Sbakenp in Independence. Independence, Kas., Jan. 25. (AP) The Montgomery county commissioners today ordered all new road work suspended, and appointed J. E. Courtrlght to replace Hazen Hlb- bard as county engineer, subject to the approval of the state highway board. Courtrlght was former assistant county engineer. Hibbard has been county engineer for 20 years. Wa.shlngton. Jan. 25 (AP) — Tile smoldering conflict between Peru and (jjolombla over possession of the Amazon, river port of Letlcla has been brought to the attention of world powers signatory to the Kellogg peace pact by the American government. . In a hurriedly called meeting at Secretary Stimson's home la.st night, diplomatic representatives of those nations considered the threatened war between Peru and Colombia and Colombia's appeal for joint action under the Kellogg treaty to avert a crisis. The Colombian note asked that the world powers call upon Feru not to violate the pact of Paris. The Letlcla port was ceded to Colombia by Peru under a treaty signed In 1922. Last September Peruvian nationals <selzed it and now Colombian naval vessels are enroute to recapture the city from those nationals. . Several days a^o Peru sent a note to the League of Nations, protesting against what it termed a violation of Colombia of Article 15 of the league's covenant. Stimson's aides were understood to have spent yesterday In drafting a reply to Colombia's appeal. Among the diplomats w-ho gathered In the extraordinary meeting at Stimson's home last night were the ambassadors of Japan, Prance and England. The Italian and German ambassadors also were understood to have been in-vited. In 1925 under American good offices. Colombia, Peru and Brazil agreed In 'Washington to settle their botmdary questions on the basis of the 1922 treaty between Peru and Colombia. Negotiations between Peru and Colombia at Rio de Janeiro over Letlcla recently came to naught when Peru rejected a Brazilian proposal to hold that port for Colombia for a short time after which negotiations were to proceed for revision of the 1922 treaty. John Henry, Gigantic Black Hero Of Delta Folk, Is Singing Again TEN-CENT TAX ON OLEO SEEN Committee Reports Bill Favorably in Topeka Today. Topeka. Jan. 25. (AP)—The Bobenhouse bill to Impose a tax of 10 cents a pound on oleomargarine was reported favorably today by the house committee on agriculture. IP YOU MISS THE REOISTER CALL 157 OB 530. (By James H. Street.) Greemille, Miss., Jan. 25. (AP)— John Henry songs—stirring ballads of a mythical negro giant—ra steam- boatln" man from a steamboatin' Ian'—have been revived along the Mississippi. John Henry—his hands w^re as big as the hams of a razorback hog —was created In the rampant imaginations of Delta negroes and he'll live as long as they can pat their feet and chant stories of his strange, adventiires. The big buster boy from the black bottoms—his gums were blue and,he could understand hound and mule talk—was the answer to the natural urge of the Mississippi negro for a hero of his own color. White folks had their St. (jeorge, Hercules, and other legendary figures. The negroes had no hero and so John Henry was created. The white man's fabled heroes were warriors. John Henry was a worker. He didn't like to fight but he never dodged trouble and could "slap a sassy nigger's head plum offn his shoulders." John Henry—he used a whlffle- tree for a walking stick—had the travelln' fever and went about the land helping good folks. He was the best mule skinner that ever came down the pike and the boss roustabout of the river. His voice w-as as deep as Black river and melodious. Nightingales hushed at his commaiid and whipporwllls taught him to w-histle. A white hero pulled the throttle of the fastest train, but John Henry was his fireman, A white pilot brought the big boats "outta N'Awlens" but John Henry was the, cotton toter. A white man furnished the brains for the biggest bridge, but John Henry furnished the sweat. 'Wherever there was a white hero, there w-as a John Henry. The negroes saw to it that their mjthi- cal God had a part in every adventure. The John Henry songs were never put to music and; w-ere popular in the red plush era when store bought "llghtbread" was a luxury. Little negro, boys taught them to little white boys and hundreds of verses about John Henry—he ate a mess of peas, a bait of turnips and a hog jowl the day he was bom —were sung for years in the valley. Then that generation put away childish things and John Henry- went to Valhalla, or wherever a god of Congo men goes. <• • And now he's back In the river country, walking and singing like a "natchel" man—^ the myth goes —and John Henry songs are being stmg again along the levees and down the cotton furrows. Washhigton, Jan. 25. (AP)—President Hoover feels that the United States Is faced with the necessity either of Increaskig Its tariff walls or action to gain stability In foreign currencies,; and today he was considering possible moves for speeding up the approach to the world economic conference. It was stated in a high administration source that the chief executive desires to avoid major Increases In the tariff, but feels this may be necessary imless the world economic conference, as a fonmj, can act quickly to bring about greater stabilization of foreign currencies. Whether the president has been In communication with President­ elect Roosevelt since their 'White House conference last week was not made clear, but Intimation was given that Mr. Hoover will continue to urge speedy action toward the earliest possible convening of the world parley. The chief executive, It was stated, believes that only In the past four or Ave months has the United States felt the full reaction from the departure of various European countries from the gold standard more than a year ago. Felt in Last Quarter. Figures have been placed before the president designed to show that goods from countries of depreciated currency are flowing Into the United States with Increasing intensity, with the full load felt during the past] four months. An outline of the views of President Hoover came from an official qualified to speak for the president at Just about the same time Finland was seeking to fall Into the debt; discussion line and word came that Latvia was ready to dd the same thing. Shortly after Representative Rainey of Illinois; the Democratic leader, had said neither revision nor cancellation might be e:q)ected from the conferences,:a fresh; outburst of debate opened In the senate. Robinson (R., Ind.), precipitated it by asserting that President-elect Roosevelt's offer to discuss debts with all nations that have paid their December Instalments was an Invitation to reduce!the debts and calling attention to a published report that an emissary of the president­ elect was in Great Britain talking with officials about an 80 per cent reduction. Robinson Intermpts. ;! Senator Robinson of Arkansas, the Democratic leader., entering the chamber during the speech. Interrupted to say he tmderstood Robinson, was using newspar>er reports "as the basis for violent attacks." He got no further before Robinson of Indiana cut In on him to say: "Not violent attacks. I resent that. The other day the senator said I was playing cheap politics.. 'When anyone speaks for the American people It Is cheap politics. It seems a man must go to a naval conference to become broad minded." The Democratic leader, who represented the United States at the London naval conference, tried several times to interrupt the shouting Republican. Finally he gave up and sat down, saying he would speak later In his "own time." He gained the floor a few minutes later to call a demand by Robin- .son of Indiana, that President-elect Roosevelt deny or affirm reports that an emissary of his was negotiating for an 80 prer cent slash In the British debt "the cheapest politics ever played in the United States senate." Not An Argument. The Democratic leader asserted this Is not.aft argument, but In-, flammatory, declamatory denunciation." His statement,"jthe chieftain calculated to inspire confldence in the senate insofar as he attempts to reflect the views of the senate." Robinson of Indiana had said: "There Is no doubt in the world that these Invitations have only one thing In mlnd -T ^that's to reduce the debt and congress had definitely declared there shall"^ no reductions. What shadow of right has the president-elect to set aside, even before his .Inauguration, a resolution of congress and undo all that congress has said shall not be undone?" Robinson then cited the resolution adopted by congress when the Hoover moratorium wa^ ratified saylrig. "it Is expressly declared to be against the policy of congress that any of the Indebtedness of foreign nations should be In any manner cancelled or reduced." JAPS HESITATE BEFORE QUriTING LEAGUE [Tokyo, Tliursday, Jan. 26 (AP) It was authoritatively stated to- di ^y that the decision of the Japanese cabinet concerning withdrawal from the League of Nations had been postponed until the nature of the report being framed in Geneva concerning recommendations on the Slno- Japanesc situation becomes known. This statement was Issued as a result of the appearance In morning newspapers of a story that the cabinet had met in special session to consider the sttiiT ation at Geneva. The foreign minister, these stories said, warned his colleagues that very soon they would be called upon to make a dCjCision of grave Importance. Tlie impllcatipn was that the decision would Involve withdrawal from the league if a report In preparation by the league conciliation, committee should bei hostile to this coimtry. Meantime, anothei" development of some political Importance was a demand Iri the diet that Hltoshl Ashlda withdraw statements he made In the house on Monday that unless Japan's relations with America Improve they would produce renewed competition In armaments and possibly a world war., •Ashlda declined to retract, but said his remarks had.been mis- Interpreted. Democratic said, "Is unjust and not DEATH OF ABZA C. UATE^ A Native of Allen Connty, Retired Farmer Dies at Age of 60. Arza C. Hayes, a native of Allen county, having been bom here 60 years ago, died at his honie, 524 North Fourth, at 6:30 p. m.' yesterday. He was a retired farmer. The Rev. N. L. Vezie will conduct the fimeral service in the United Brethren church Friday at 2:30 p. m., after which burial is to be made In Highland cemetery. Mr. Hayes leaves his wife, one daughter, and four sons. The children are Mrs. Ray Peck, Roy, Raymond, Dean, and Melvin Hayes. They all live in lola. NEW PLAN IN TO AID FARM CREDIT Robinson Introduces Bill To Set Up Billion Dollar Corporation Washington, Jan. 25. (AP)—A huge program of farm credit legislation including a bllllon-dollQ.r federal corporation to lend money to farmers on second mortgages was Introduced today by Senator Robinson (D„ Ark.), party leader. Other features jof the - legislation advocated by' organized agriculture and presented by the Democratic leader are designed to strengthen the federal land banks so they can take over prlvatel}/ held mortgages, grant extensions and lower the interest rates. | The biggest' sii^gle proposal was for a huge government agency to be known as the "Emergency Agricultural Refinance Corporation" with an authorized billion dollar capital to be subscribed by the United States. To Help the Farmer-Debtor. "Tlie principal [purpose of this agency." Robinson | set forth in a statement, "would be to make small reasonably safe second mortgage loans to enable gooil farmers to buy off unsecured creditors, and those having junior Hens, at scale downs that are drastic enough to be reasonably safe to the lender and advantageous to the farmer.- "Loaiw could be made also for the purpose of paying taxes. Interest, and other obligations, and to provide working capital." The corporation would be authorized for a period of five years to lend- money to farm owners on mortgages, with $10,000 the maximum to an individual. Another feature of the legislation would place the treasury squarely back of the federal land banks so that they can "refinance all soimd first mortgages offered by any Individual creditor, joint stock land bank or other fiscal agfency that needs to liquidate." To Grant Extensicms. Under this phase of the program, "foi the period of the present emergency," Robinson said, the fedafel land banks would be authorized to grant necessary extensions to deserving farmer borrowers, these extensions to be financed by' the treasury. It provides also that the treasury purchase 100 million dollars of additional capital stock of the bank and undertake to buy at par federal land bank bonds bearing Uiterest of 3% per cent or less. The legislation contemplates that the bonds would be resold by the treasury. These provisions, the . statement continued, would make possible a reduction of Interest on all new and outstanding federal land bank mortgages to 5 per cent. The measures rounded out . the program agreed upon by organized agriculture and uriderstood to have the backing of i President-elect Roosevelt. FARM! REVOLT WARNING GWEN out IN SENATE i • ! — , 1' - - ' Unless Aid is. Forthcoming Revolution WilJ \ Follow, O'Neal Says ; COURTS UNDER NOW Farm Leaders Testify In Hearing on Domestic. Allotment Plan VICE-PRESIDENT 73 TODAY, Curtis to Complete 38 Years of Congressional Service Soon. Washington, Jan. 25. (AP)—Vice- President Curtis, who will termin- ato 38 years of congressional service March 4, was 73 years old today, and colleagues would not let him forget it. Senator Watson paid tribute to the Kan-san, saying he "may not want to know the day but the hands have to be turned back on the dial of time and the truth must be known." Watson said Curtis had served his country with "imflagglng zeal and great fidelity" and wished him "health, happiness and prosperity In whatever he may do and wherever he may go." Sitting silently In hLs accustomed place, Curtis also hear^ Senators Sheppard, Texas, and 'Walsh, Massachusetts, Democrats, join In the tribute. Poll Tax Repeal Started. Topeka, Jan.: 25. (AP)—The senate federal an^ state affairs committee reported! favorably today the Dale bin which would repeal the poll tax law. Washington, Jan. 25, (APi— |Wamlng of revolution in; the fatm belt unless congress enacts aid ^or agricultm -e was served on a senate [Committee today by heads of two pig Ifarm organizations as hearings were opened ontlie domestic | allotment 'price-boosting measure. .| "Unless something is done for the ijAmerican farmer we will have revolution In the countrj-side In less than 12 months," said Edward A. O'Neal, president of the Amerlcap arm bureau federation. ^ "The biggest and finest crop of ivolutlons you ever saw are sprout- ,g all over this country right now',"' id John A. Simpson, president pf §the Farmers' Union. ( [ In a trip through'; the west froin jwhlch he has just returned, Simpson said, he had . seen "revolutloi|s against the courts." • ' O'Neal endorsed the allotment bill passed by the house, although cort- tedlng It might be "simplified" and saj-Ing he could see no reason for the Inclusion of peanuts,along wlttx wheat, cotton, tobacco, hogs, rice and dairy products. On All Major Products. • At the same time O'Neal said hs thought the bill "might be applied U» I'all major agricultural products." , i He minimized objections that have been raised to the acreage contrcil' jjrovislons, saying the farmer ca» |je trusted to tell tho truth In hl/> fiffldavlt, and hence no huge forc(> i ^ould bo necessary-to check up oiV he reductions. i ; Simpson urged two amendment*! )ne would make cost of productloR the basis fdr fixing the price th« farmer would receive for his sharii Of 'xdomestlc cbnsuniptlon, rathei* than the pre-war level. ' .' I; His other proposed change was t(< Abandon attempts to "regul£\te th^ farmer'! and Instead to license the ^uyer, requiring him to pay at least cost of production. • This first hearing on the much-', ({llscusscd blll'lasted little more than; Sin hour. It had been planned to, hear a representative of the;nation-; al grange but ^ Louis J. Tabor, Its head, was unable to be present. He^ 1^ expected to be heard tomorrow,, after which producers, processors iind "manufacturers are expected to'^. tlestlfy. I = , [ O'Neal the First Witness. |, O'Neal was the first witness as the agriculture committee began hear-'' ings on the price boosting bill passed^ by the house. / LAs he spoke of "revolution" Senator Thomas (D.. Okla.), a leading., ettponent of , currency inflation,^' broke In to ask him how It might be averted. • . > I O'Neal replied that the "funda- • npental" peed Is Inflation by' reduc- , Ing the- gold content of the dollar : but that tho allotment bill would go, far to "bring back faith and confl- •. dence in the countryside." I Chalmlan McNary (R., Ore.).; quickly brought the testimony ajround to the products in the bill.— ; wheat, cotton, tobacco, hogs, rice, i peanuts, and dairy products. I In answer to his questions, O'Neal v said he believed It "would be a mis- J take" to confine the bill to wheat: and cotton as has been proposed. I He favored applying the allotment provisions to all products which i nave an exportable surplus. ' Acreage Control All Right. O'Neal conceded the bill might be ' simplified to some degree but de-- 6|ared himself satisfied with the "t acreage control feature. He added that he thought the production cut requirement might be made "more drastic" than the 20 per cent reduction required in the bill, Under the domestic allotment < pph, a processing tax ' would be " levied on the manufacturers! of the > pi-oducts to which it applied! and a bbnus would be paid to the growers who made the necessary acreage re- ~ ductlons. ; , Senator 'Wheeler (D.. Monti), said hJ3 regarded as the "most Impractl- cable" feature of the bill the!20 per • cent acreage cut provision. He re- ftjrred to the difficulty of checking • up oh whether farmers actually had ^ conformed to that requirement. O'Neal replied that he saw ho ob- ^ jeictldn on that ground. ; "I'd accept the word of the; farm- ' eij," he told the' comniittee. ; - jSenator Capper (R., Kas.),; called attention to a proposal by W. R. Ronald, editor of the Evening Re- ' publican. Mitchell. S. D.. that the r' responsibility for the acreage cut be ^ vejsted; In the slate, county ' and township. |"You take the affidavit of a man 0T\ his'income tax. Senator Capper," OTNeal replied. "Why. then.l could ydu not accept the affidavit of the - • fai-mer on this?" i' CAPONE MUST STAY IN PEN Jqdge Refuses Writ of Habeas Cor- piis Asked by Gangster] Atlanta. Ga., Jan. 25. , (AP)— Federal Judge E. Marvin Underwood today dismissed the petition for a Writ of habeas corpus whereby Al c4pone, notorious former Chicago gangster sought his release frpm the Atlanta . federal penitentiary • under the statute of limitations. papone was convicted of violating the income ta.x laws of 1926J 1927 atid lD2S 'snd was sentenced to serve tell years In tho Atlanta peniten-

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