FOUR IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE, IRONWOOD, MICHIGAN MONDAY, MAY 24,1965. IRONWOOD DAILY GLOBE "The Doily Globe la an Independent newspaper, tupporting what It believes to be right and opposing what it believes to be wrong, regardless of party politics, and publishing the news fairly and Impartially." -Linwood I. Noyes, Editor and Publishe. 1927-1964. Mrs. Linwood I. Noyes, President Edwin J. Johnson, Editor and Publisher Campus Unrest Washington—American college students, dub- hod "the silent generation" a decade ago. have hecome highly vocal. Fifteen thousand of them descended on Washington at Easter to di/inon- . strate in front of the White Mouse against the war in Viet Nam. United States policy in Southeast Asia has been the concern of students and ''i'l'ully members alike at phenomenal all-night "teach-ins" on numerous campuses during die spring. Before that, the civil rights movement \vas the main outside public interest of college students. Manv of them joined local picket lines, and a smaller but substantial number spent last summer working on civil rights projects in the South. The causes of this upsurge of concern about national and world affairs arc not altogether clear. A large part of the student ferment without doubt reflects serious interest in public questions. The thousands of students attending teach-ins obviously have inquiring minds. Otherwise this novel form of debate and discussion would not have gained the support of college professors of outstanding reputation. Other manifestations of campus unrest have been in a different category. These have been mainly protests directed against the college administration, and some of them have led to rioting and disorder on an extensive scare. The Berkeley campus of the Univcrsitv ol California has been more plagued than any other by disturbances of this sort during the past academic year. A ban on campus recruitment for off-campus political activities (mainly civil rights picketing and sit-ins) angered the students at the start of college last September. When one of them was arrested for violating the ban, a mob of several thousand surrounded the police car and could not be dispersed for more than 24 hours. Some weeks later, rebellious students staged a sit-in at the university administration building that was broken up only by arrest of nearly 800 of the sitters. A student strike followed. Repercussions of these events kept the Berkeley campus in turmoil during the remainder of the school year. Yale students, dissatisfied with the failure of a popular teacher to win academic tenure, staged a decorous 72-hour protest vigil last March. Similar protests took place on .some other eastern campuses. In the Middle West. Ohio State University's administration building was the scene of a 24-hour sit-in to protest a rule requiring approval of all campus speakers by the institution's president. Students at the University of Kansas sat in the corridor outside the chancellor's office until that official made concessions designed to discourage racial discrimination in off-campus student housing. And so it went. The current surge of activism, as manifested by participation in civil rights demonstrations and foreign policy protests, may be attributed to keen campus awareness of the great issues stirring the country in general and to the desire of college students for personal identification with those issues. What forces have prompted campus disorders and campus unrest in general is less clear. Some observers have blamed Communist agitators. F.B.I. Di rector J. Edgar Hoover has said that the demonstrations at Berkeley, "while not Communist-originated or controlled," were "exploited by a few Communists for their own ends.' Whatever part extremists may have played, it seems to be agreed that more basic influences have been at work. Among those mentioned have been the poor emotional preparation of students for today's complex problems, the tendency of some to feel lost in a huge, faceless educational mill, the strong pressure on college students to excel in their studies, the prospect of being drafted for military service, and recurrent threats of war. Finally, students have been told that they should become "committed" and "engaged"—in other words, that they should become activists. All these influences, the pschologists say. tend to build up tensions and anxieties. And, as one ol them pul it. "When some student leaders or local situations provide an issue, the lid comes off." Remedies proposed for student restivencss and discontent include various plans for restoring, even in universities with very large undergraduate enrollments, some of the atmosphere of small colleges. Efforts to bring about clos- ei contact between facility and students also are considered of high importance. And while concern of students for affairs in the world around them is applauded, more and more voices are being raised on the virtue of subjecting unruly students to a proper measure of authority and discipline. After all, it is said, education demands disciplined conduct as well as a disciplined mind. Like They Say, Education Pays Tn the spring of 1965 a young man's fancy lightly turns to thoughts of money. This no longer necessarily means that lies a baseball bonus baby. He can now be a college senior with nothing more to offer than mere academic excellence, above-average intelligence and the good judgment to have chosen a field of endeavor that is valuable to business and industry. If he has these simple requirements, he can be sure that industry is knocking at the campus gates to sign him up. To make the transaction attractive to the grade A college grad, industry is using practical bait—money. And more of it than ever before. Experts say half the population will be under 25 years old in another 10 years. How come, when everybody's growing older 0 Social climbers seem to think the rungs ol the ladder are made of gold and brass. Does Education Deserve Aid? (Copyright 198S, Kins features Syndicate. Ine.i By John Chamberlain It must come as a sobering jolt to President Lyndon Johnson, who has gone all-out for aid to education, to discover that the more vocal element among the academic commmunity just doesn't approve of him. The administration teams which were sent out to the campuses to speak for the Johnson policies in Viet Nam and Santo Domingo were rudely treated in many places, more so by the students than bv the faculty "teach-in" participants, although the professors generally showed their displeasure for having been called "gullible" by Secretary of State Rusk. The jolt, however, should not have come as a surprise to the ex-teacher in the White House. What has happened is simply the culmination of academic trends that have been a Jong time in the making. The other night I listened to Dr. Eliseo Vivas, professor of moral and intellectual philosophy at Northwestern University, hit out at his own professorial guild. Dr. Vivas, who was born in Colombia of Venezuelan parents, has a shrewd "exterior view" of many of his colleagues, and he finds them sadly deficient in their consideration of the spiritual, ethical and humane strands that go to make up our traditional Christian and Western civilization. The newest academic philosophy, which goes by the name of existentialism, was characterized by Dr. Visas as mostly "mud." As for political philosophy, it is no longer taught at most colleges. It has been largely replaced by the study of political behavior, which does not concern, itself with the moral subject of the "just" state. The trends being what they are, it should come as no revelation to learn that many, in the academic community see no important moral issue in die confrontation of communism and the Western world. This columnist views the academic scene from a patriarchal perch as the father of six children who have had their various ad- veaturet with modern pedagogical practices. One son who is currently a college sophomore is.'preparing for a major in political science, nnd,r wheo he gets through, he will know all ' about the mechanics of the Gallup Poll, and <, the study of "Who, gets what, when." But he would have to transfer to University of •c- Chicago, where, Professor Leo Strauss holds '-- forth in lonely .spendor, to learn that there arc "good" and "bad" philosophical groundings for political orders, or that James Madison was incomparably superior to Karl Mar.x as a humane thinker. Another son, who is a sophomore in high school, was asked to do a paper on present- day Cuba. He did what any boy in high school would have done. First, he wrote to the Cuban delegation to the United Nations for information about their country. Then he got out the encyclopedia. The stuff'that came from the UN Cubans was, of course, shrewdly worded Cas- troite propaganda. The point about all this is that no higli school boy is prepared to evaluate official documents about a Marxist state and put them together wtih back history from the Encyclopedia Britannnica if he hasn't first had a preliminary grounding in such little items as 'the history of the first and second Socialist In- ternationales, the Russian Revolution, the doc- trins of Lenin, Stalin and Mao Tse-Tung, and a course in comparative economics. The jus tification for the "current events" approach to "social studies" is that it gets students to reading about the world around them. You ean't blame the teachers for assigning current events topics; if they didn't, they would be fired. But school should be the place for background, and the way to understand Castro is to learn first what other tyrants have 1 done to make human history a shambles. Dr. Eliseo Vias said, ironically, that the col leges were doing a "good job of brainwashing." By the time a student has finished his sophomore year in most universities he can be counted on to have lost all his traditional values if he takes " objectivity" seriously. So what il the Viet Cong does take over in South Viet Nam? What if Thailand and the commanding fortress of Singapore were to fall to the Chinese Reds? It's their part of the world, and people have a "democratic" right to any gov ernment, even though it may be one of pun- horror that threatens to engulf the planet. President Johnson has said he wants every boy and girl to have the opportunity to go to college. It's a good wish. But the PresiJent, when he heard the news that his Ambassador Averell Harriman had been called a "liar" by students in a disgraceful scene at Cornell University, may have wondered just what education he is being asked to support. - t It's Time to Appear Before Your Public Again!" Today in World Affairs By DAVID LAWRENCE WASHINGTON — While the government of the United States does not recognize the government of Red China, there is no reason why the American president should not speak to all the people on the mainland of Asia. Though there has been reluctance and long delay in placing upon the Peiping regime the responsibility for the trouble in Vietnam and the unrest in Asia, President Johnson lias at last pinpointed the Red Chinese government as a real threat to peace and as the sponsor of the revolutions and guerrilla warfare in Vietnam. But there is need for a long- range program to hammer home this fact, especially now that news dispatches reveal the intention of the Peiping government to continue to develop an atomic bomb. Nuclear weapons in the hands of an irresponsible government can terrorize all the peoples of Asia and result spme day in a world holocaust. It is not the mere possess! o n of nuclear weapons which is a threat to mankind—it is the existence of an irresponsible regime which at any moment can misguidedly disregard the risks of nuclear war. •Ct ft * When the United States entered the first world war, President Wilson proclaimed the doctrine that "the world must be made safe for democracy." Today, nearly 50 years later, it is apparent that dictatorships not only still threaten neighbor! n g countries but, with nucl ear weapons available, can destroy huge segments of the world. For several years now, the people of the Soviet Union have been learning something about the dangers of nuclear war. There is reason to believe that the military men in Moscow are not likely to start a nuclear war because it is apparent to t h e m that the realiatory power of the United States is more than enough to destroy the Sovi e t Union. But do the people of Red China know these same facts of life? What steps, if any, are being taken to inform the people of mainland China concerning the dangers that can arise if nuclear weapons are developed for use by Peiping government? The only way the world can be made safe for democracy today is for peoples to be able to control the acts of their own governments. The time is opportune now for President Johnson to addr ess the Chinese people and to set forth the disinterested purpose of the United States and its citizens in helping other nations throughout the world. The American people would be glad to help the people of Red China, just as economic aid and military assistance In a crisis have been extended to other peop 1 e s on all continents. o o o There is a historic friendship between the people of this country and the Chinese. Unfortunately, China today is divided. But there will be no chance of reunification until the people of the mainland come to realize that any government set up in Peip- ing in the future must be responsive to the wishes of all its people and mindful of their safety in a nuclear world. The United States is in a position to render economic help to the Chinese people. There are on Formosa many able leaders who could play a construct! v e part in the rebuilding of the Chinese Republic. A population now estimated at more than 700 million is not as readily governed as is that of Formosa, but the government in the latter country has made rapid strides in providing administrative as well as economic improvements which have raised the standard of living on the island stronghold of the Chinese Nationalists. Returning businessmen are strong in their praise of the efficiency displayed in Formosa. There is no reason why the plain truths about the future of Asia cannot be voiced in a series of speeches by the president of the United States, so that all Chinese people may become aware of the sincere desire of this country to be of assistance, not only in preserving peace and in preventing nuclear war but in building up the economic opportunities that could bring a better standard of living to the population. <r <r ft It has often been said that It would be hard to reach a nation of 700 million people, but in these days of communication by relay through satellites in space, there Isn't an area of the world that cannot be reached some way. At first, only a small number of persons might listen to their radios and get the message from abroad, but word-of-mouth communication Increases rapidly when a concerted effort is made to communicate with the people of any country. Even if not immediately successful, it is a project that, in the long run, can help to build a truly friendly relationship between all the Chinese people and the American people. An "alliance for peace" could include the people of the mainland of China as well as the peoples of the rest of Asia. It could mean a pledge by the U n i t e d States to come to the assistance of any nation in Asia which Is threatened by a nuclear attack. NATO pledges America to give military help to European countries. Logically, the same protection can be afford to Asia and make unnecessary the spread of nuclear arsenals. (Copyright, 1985, New York Herald Tribune Inc.) The Washington Scene By RAY CROMLEY WASHINGTON — (NEA) —An analysis of the missiles paraded in Moscow on V-E Day indicates several new trends in Soviet military planning. Apparently there is a major shift away from the mammoth nuclear warheads the Russians have boastfully predicted th e y would turn to. The 110-foot rocket the R u s- sians paraded in Moscow will be able to carry loads larger than the U. S. Titan II, but not a great deal larger. Certainly it will not carry the 30, 50 or 100- megaton weapons the Sov let Union has said it would be prepared to drop on American tar gets in time of war. Soviet planning appears to be geared to a vast increase in range rather than a hefty increase in punch. ft ft ft New Soviet emphasis seems to be put on a Moscow version of the Minuteman concept. (One high U. S. officer calls it t h e Minutemansky.) That is, they appare n 11 y are aiming for a smaller, cheap, quick-reacting, intercontinental ballistic missile intended to deliver small loads precisely on target. The 65-foot missile paraded in Moscow presumably wquld get the Russians into the "lower yield'' accurate ICBM field. The Reds then would not be limited in ICBM capacity wholly to city destruction. The;;o missiles also would seem to indicate an increa s e d preciseness in Soviet electronic guidance as applied to relative- Ironwood Daily Globe Published evenings, except Sundays by Globe Publishing Company, US E. McLcod Ave., Ironwood, Michigan. Established Nov. 20. 1919, (Ironwood News-Record acquired April 16 192J; Ironwood Ttmei acquired May 23. 1948.) Second class postage paid at Ironwood. Michigan, MEMBBB OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is entitled exclusively to the use for repubicatlon of all the local news printed In this newspaper, as well as al] AP news dispatches. M amber af American Newspaper Publishers Association, tateraraeriean Press Association, Inland Dally Press Association. Bureau of Advertising, Michigan Press Association, Audit Bureau of Circulations. Subscription rates: By mall within a radius of 60 miles—per year, 19; six months. $5; three months, S3; one month, $1.50. No mall subscriptions sold to towns and locations where carrier service Is maintained. Elsewhere—per year. $18; one month. $1 50. All mnil subscriptions payable In advance. By carrier, $20.80 per year la advance: by the week. 40 cent*. ( ley small packages, an area in which they had been thought to lag well behind the Un i t e d States. The squat "iron maiden" nuclear rocket paraded in Moscow on its own tracked, self-propelled vehicle points to a growing Moscow emphasis on mobile medium-range nuclear weapons integrated into Soviet ground armies. Indications are that this weapon carries a punch as heavy or heavier than the U. S. Army can tote into the field in the Pershing or Sergeant. Its estimated range of 1,100 miles is several times as great as any U. S. mobile army weapon. ft ft ft Defense Secretary Robert McNamara ordered research on a mobile intermediate range ballistic missile for the United States and North Atlantic Treaty Organization armies. But the project was almost who 11 y canceled out some time back. Only some peripheral work, usable in other systems, it is understood, is being continued. McNamara's argument now is that in an overseas war—as in Europe—the Army's heavy nuclear punch can be delivered by the Navy's Polaris submarines. The Soviet Union apparently is developing a capability for sending its rockets into the United States from any direction, not just by the direct route over the North Pole. The 110-foot rocket shown in the Moscow V-E Day parade reportedly has an orbital capability. This means the warhead 'could be put into orbit and then brought down when and where Moscow decides. It also means that the nuclear warhead could be fired, around the world in any direction at an Americ a n target, thus making defen s e more difficult. A Daily Thought It is good that you should take hold of this, and from that withhold not your hand; for he who fears God shall come forth from them all.—Eccl. 7: IS. "The Christian religion is the only one that puts morality on its proper and right basis: the fear and love of God.— Samuel Johnson, 18th century Engl i s h author. The National Whirligig 99 IMOlar* Newspaper «ynrtleate» By ANDREW TULLT WASHINGTON—The nation's capital is making its annual appeal to the cltiaenry to come one, come all, and see Washington first, and I am for that because I have enjoyed along love affair with this city. But, 'folks, be sure to bring your own bodyguard. Washington Is a dangerous city these days, and not only for Southern mayors seeking midnight excitment in Negro neighborhoods. Given a choice, I would prefer finding myself strolling along the Singap ore waterfront after dark than trying to manage three blocks of Pennsylvania Avenue in search of a pack of cigarettes. Capitol Hill at 10 p.m. holds far more terror than a helicopter h o p over guerrilla positions in Viet Nam. * * ft BLOOD IN THE GUTTERS— Headlines in Washington newspapers tell the story daily: WOMAN BEATEN AND ROBBED. YOUTHS SLAY LIQUOR STORE OWNER. POLICEMAN KILLED IN HOLDUP. If the District of Columbia had a government Instead of a Congress, it would plead with President Johnson to send troops. J. Edgar Hoover has put it bluntly. The FBI director reports that crime in the United States since 1958 has gone up five times faster than the nation's population. He asserts that citizens of Washington, New York and Chicago cannot walk the streets "without be i n g mugged, raped or robbed." And he has put his finger on one of the major causes for this situation, to wit, the tendency of the courts to pay more heed to the citizens of the criminal than to the rights of the law-abiding citizen. « * A CONFESS—AND GO FREE— Washington's courts, which sometimes seem to fill the role of ex-offic i o defense counsel, have been particularly idiot 1 a in this respect. One of many examples was provided the other day by the United States Court of Appeals which reversed a manslaughter conviction on the grounds the defendant's r i g h ts have been Infringed. In a 2 to 1 ruling, the court held that the defendant had been subjected to unfair treatment by police because he had been questioned for five minutes before he confessed to the crime. It ignored the circumsta nee that the defendant confessed in his wife's presence after the two had confessed privately. This reversal, like so many others, was based on the so- called Mallory rule which struck at the ancient and improper police practice of working over a suspect in a back room to force him to confess. But in approving a Federal rule of evidence, Congress had no intention of making it virtually impossible for police to interrogate, a suspect. Nor did Congress suggest that a voluntary confession be thrown out merely because of a delay between arrest and arraignment. ft ft ft MOST ARE REPEATERS; — Hoover, in testimony before a House Appropriations subc o m- mittee, noted that a study of persons arrested in 1963 showed that 75 per cent had records of previous arrests. This figures. A suspect who cannot oe subjected to reasonable interrogation is a leadpipe cinch to walk out of jail and commit another crime. I am sorry for kids who never had a chance and ,so wind., up slugging gas station attendants or mugging old ladles. Af t e r their first offense, they should be given a chance to go straight. But judges should take a realistically dim view of second and third offenders, who by Hoover's figures are the real threats to law and order. That lady hurrying home after a movie has some rights, too. Business Mirror By SAM DAWSON AP Business News Analyst NEW YORK (AP) — Americans' monthly payment debts are 11 per cent larger than a Day in History USE DAILY GLOBB WANT-ADS By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Today is Monday, May 24, the 144th day of 1965. There are 221 days left in the year. Today's highlight in history: On this date in 1844, the first official message by telegraph was sent by Its inventor, Samuel F.B. Morse, at the opening of a line from Washington to Baltimore. The message: "What Hath God Wrought." On this date In 1626, Peter Mlnult bought all Manhattan Island from the Indians. In 1830, the Baltimore, and Ohio Railroad opened its first passenger line. In 1883, New York's Brooklyn Bridge was opened to the public. In 1893, the Anti-Saloon League was founded in Oberlin, Ohio. In 1941, the German battleship Bismarck sank the British battle cruiser Hood. Ten years ago — The U.S. Air Force successfully launched a missile-detecting satellite from Cape Canaveral. Five years ago — Shooting broke out between rival tribesmen in the first national election in the Congo, preparing for independence on June 30th. One year ago — Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev granted a loan of $277 million at the end of a 16-day visit in Egypt. Record of the Past 10 YEARS AGO — Temperatures: High 83, low 46 .... A $50,000 fire swept through the main building of the F. J. Hager Lumber Company, early this morning. The fire was one of three reported within a period of 15 minutes in what appeared to be an arsonists attempt to start a major holocaust. A fire was spotted under the Pearce Furniture Company warehouse west of the Soo Line Depot and smoke was noticed at the Laird Lumber Company by Capt. Kayo Makela of the Ironwood Police Department . . . .Hurley High School's Midgets are scheduled to play in the WIAA sectional baseball tournament at Superior Wednesday. 20 YEARS AGO— Tempe r atures: High 73, low 40. . . . The Hurley high school track team, entering its first competition of i the season, won a dual meet with Bessemer at Bessemer last night by 40 points to 10 .... Ernest Voss, employed by the take Superior District Power Company at Ironwood for many years, will replace Stanley nte- mer, Hurley, superintendent of the power company effective May 26, according to an announcement this morning by District Superintendent M. E. Juhl. year ago. Business, too, Is. borrowing more. New York bank loans to commercial and industrial .concerns have risen $1.4 billion since the first of the year. In the like period of 1964 they dropped by $574 million. The .na(i'o'n!s . .commercial banks as a whole have been,net borrowers for 12 straight Weeks from the Federal Reserve banks to meet the demand for loans from business and individuals. When money is easier and lending demands less urgent ,the banks have nest eggs of excess reserves in the central banking system. Are debts, business and individual, rising too fast and too high? Is this a sign, as sometimes in the past, that the business upswing is peaking? Is the net borrowed position of the commercial banks a warning that the Federal Reserve is tightening up on credit to keep the economy from overheating? Some bankers are answering "not necessarily" to all three \ questions. ' Delinquency of- instalment loans has risen very little. And This is reassuring. A worrisome factor: repayments of but- standing instalment debt is taking 14 per cent of disposable income — what's left of an indi- i vidual's income after taxes. That's a new high. At the same time borrowers have been taking on new instalment debt at such a pace that they are pledging 16 per cent of their disposable income for future payments. This, too, is a record. Bankers say this is manageable for most families — unless times suddenly turn bad. . The rise in loans to business by New York banks of late has been chiefly to retail 'stores, public utility and transportation companies, apparel and leather goods producers. Earlier in the year loans were heavy ,to rnak- I ers of machinery and other durable goods and to commodity dealers. I Bankers say the rising de; mand for loans is due to the | general upswing in business and | is actually smaller in relation to !the growing economy than in past booms. Therefore; it needn't foretell an economic downturn. In fact, many companies have been borrowing sparingly, because they've had more profits and more cash flow from such items -as larger depreciation tax I write-offs on which to draw to I meet financing needs. The bigger total of loans is due to the ! fact that everything is bigger — I the nation's business, the'de- mands of consumers, the population, the number and size of firms.
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