Iola Daily Register And Evening News from Iola, Kansas on January 24, 1933 · Page 1
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Iola Daily Register And Evening News from Iola, Kansas · Page 1

Iola, Kansas
Issue Date:
Tuesday, January 24, 1933
Page 1
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.STATE iHISTORlCAL 8 ©eiBTY COMP . TOPEKA ,KAR«.. REGISTER VOLTJ ME XXXVI. No. 75,, Succeuor to The lob Daily Itegister, Th« lola Daily Record, and lola Daily ,Index. lOLA, KAS., TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 24, 1933. The WMikly Regjiter, Establiiihed 1867 The loU Daily Register, E>UbIIib«d 1897 SIX PAGES 3ll)SF0R54 to BE ASKED IN FEBRUARY GENCY RELIEF JECT CONSID- ED CERTAIN TO|E OPENED FEB. 14 Plans for New Roadway Open for Inspection in L 'lerk 's Office on Hitls! will 1)0 received iPeljriuiry 14 for the constriic- -tion bfilhe road project on U. S. 54 between Tola and the ' ) Neo.'ijio river, according to an ofl'i;da|l "Notice to Contractors"'which wa.s rcceivecl in The Refi.'^ter office today and which '.will ai)pear in the ad- verttBing coliimn.s of The Resist er^Th ay of this week. Bids will be received by the state -highway commis,sion at the office of • the county clerk in Tola until 9 a. m. on Pe.ljr(jary 14 and will be publicly t that^imo. Presumably the w:ill be awarded at once to bidder and work .should start-almost 'iinmediately. Two Contingencies. CITY COMMiSSION ACCEPTS DUNFEE'S RESIGNATION. The city commission accepted the resignation of Chief of Police E. J. Dunfee today. No appointment was made to All the vacancy. Mayor Harmon Hobart, qnee- tioned, said he had no comment to malce. Chief Dunfee, also queried, said he had nothing; to say "yet." The resignation is to talu effect January 31. Chief Dunfee has served as head of the lola police force since the new administration under Mayor Hobart came into office last spring. The resignation of the department head will not affect any of the other members of the department. Mayor Hobart said. -openeM ; contract the l»cs _.: Onl:^ two things might arise to preventj the awarding of the contract:,-; W no contractor presents a' bid wjnidh Is within the estimate of i the statp engineer, of course it^will have 'to be advertised again. ~^The other passibillty is thaticohdemna-. tlon proceedings which the state has FLAX EXPERTS VISITING IN lOLA Prospects Good for Better Prices on 1933 Crop, They Say Howard Jackson, of the Missouri Pacific railroad's department of agriculture, and George Hankins. of the Predonia linseed oil mill, were in lola today putting on the finishing touches on a flax growing" gon- test which they carried out last summer in cooperation with the state agricultural college and the Kansas City charnber of commerce. The winner of the contest, which e.xtended over the entire stiate. was 11. M. Baptist, of LaHarpe, and his prize was $25 In cash and $25 toward his expenses in attending Fann and Home week at the college in February. Genefally si)eaking. Mr. Hankins repori.s, the flax crop was short last year and so the mill, at Fredonia was not nble to make a large initiatedi in order to clear the right- | .^^ regards that as really for- of-wriy way not be adjudicated to the sal i.'tfaction of the .state. If the appraisers appointed by the district ,,-Court here award damages to prop- ei-ty owners which the state considers extforbiiant. the commission rriay decide; 14 reject all bids-arid .spend the mpnley on some other project. Neither of these eventualities is tunate for the industrj-, however, since it reduced the supply of lin- .seed oil in the country. Since this oil is largely used in paint, the revival of business, which would bring with it an enormous amount ofi Lveidue painting, would without doubt advance the price of flax quickly and materially. Mr. Hank- considertd probable, however, and believes, therefore, that flax f I grown this year is likely to be a there *is [every reason to believe that work ;<wni be started on the road f urouri^ the middle of February, r l,ooal Labor Mandatory. It is, an emergency federal aid project, fchich^ means that the con, tractor will have to employ local labdr ^o far as possible, will pay 35 cents inn hour for common laijor. 50 • cents ian hour for skilled labor, and ' -will permit no individual to work • more than 30 hours a week. He will be re«jiilred to cooperate .with the local federal relief committee- in the , selectibn df those to whom he gives ' jobs. • : . • . ; . The- latest unofficial e.stimates of the highway department are that approj^im^tely; $40,000 will be spent on the Job. The work will consist of bri.ngirig the grade of the ; entire mile betwben here and the river to a point above the high water level and building the necessary culverts andoferflDw structures.'i - Complete plans and specifications for the. liroposcd construction are now o.pen!;to inspection by contractors (^nsiidering bidding, and to the general; public. They were received by County Clerk Ralph Elarton this morning. BUCK PASSED TO R.ULROADS Fort .Srott Man Solves^ Pnljblem Transporting Liquqr of Pit^^burg. Kas.. .Tan, 24 (AP>—Leo Anderson. Port Scott, .says he has devised a method ; of transporting liquor from one point to another without encountering the risk of haviiig n motor car confLscSted. "I'hop-a fi-plRht train with imy . jug of" officei-s quoted, him -'as sffyirift, -"It's not so dangerous, and the t!\'erhead is" Anderson promi.scd he wouldn't bootleg any more after liquor charge PS we're W?ld in abeyance for his plea nf gniityl to riding a train without i a ticjcet. He drew ten days in jail. I.ONDOK nCS STRIKE IS ENDED rnofflcial Walkout Causes Incon; veriienre Biit Little Else. I, IjOjidoti. Jan, 24, fAP)—London's "wilc^ cat", bust strike which caused ^ consjdefable inconvenience for several Mays ts, over. Service WHS normal in all parts of the city today.' - Despite disapproval of the union .seveval thousand men walked out last i Pi-Jday in protest against speeding:- up public service on one subi«-baiii route. .' W|A*rHER and ROADS j FOR k.4NS AS—Generally fair: ; somewhat colder in southeast and i .extreme^ast portions tonight: Wed_! nesday clear with warmer in west . portion. FOR IDLA—Fair and soniewhat colder. tonight; U'edncsday, clear with little change in temperature. Teimpeta.ture — Highest j^sterday 59. lowest last night 36: normal for today 30: excess yesterday 18; ex­ cess'siiice Januarj- 1st. 318 degrees: this dateilast year—highest .42: lowest IB. I ' , Precipitation for the 24 hours end&g-: at 7 a. m. today, .00: total for 'this ^-ear to date, 1.22; excess i since January 1st .18 inches. ' Rt'lative. humidity at 7 a, m. to, da> :;75 p^r cent: barometer reduced i to ^aL'level, 29.79 Inches. Sun:~ri^s. 7:33 a. m.; sets 5:35 p. .'; m. [ V • ' Kansas Weather and Dirt Roads. Oitaiwa; Emporia. Manhattan. Corfej-viHe.i Pittsburg, Arkansas City. Wichita, Salina, Topeka, clear, roads good. well-paying crop. Indeed experience sliows that one year with another it is one of the best ,cash crops the farmers in this section of Kansas have. It was once believed that flax was • hard on the gromid." Noticing that they rarely got a good crop on ground that had been put to flax the year before, fanners concluded the plant took some element of fertility out of the soil and were therefore disposed to avoid it. Scientists went to work on the ijroblem. however, and (they discovered that flax was subject to a disease of a bacterial character, called the "wilt." A ,crop which had been so diseased left the poison in the ground, and it was this poison, attacking the succeediiig crop that ruined it, not that elements of fertility'had been taken" out of the soil. So the scientists set themselves to discover some variety of flax, that would be resistant to this disease. And they have succeeded to such an extent that with the selection of the proper seed crop can be grown with almost assured success. Also in the course of study and experimentation to find wiltrresist^nt plants, the experts succeeded in finding a more prolific variety of flax ^ that crops are now produced which yield as high as 19 bushels per acre. Flax is one of the farm crops grown in the United States of which there is never a surplus. Every year flax and flax products are imported. It would seem therefore to bo a good crop, as Mr. Hankins suggests, to substitiite for wheat icspcc- ially on the uplands. STATES WOULD HELP ENFORCE FARM AID PLAN Dakota Editor I Offers a Method to Make Domestic Allotment Work CAMERAS A MIX AID Witness Says Movie Cowboy Better at Dialogue than Riding LIKE HIGHWAY AID Local Governments Would Be Responsible for Reduction of Acreage Washington, Jan. 24. (AP)—A new idea contemplating active, cooperation of. states with the federal government in administering the domestic allotment plan of farm relief was put forward today foi: consideration of the senate agriculture committee. It was presented by W. R. Ronald, editor of the Evening Republican, Mitchell, S. D., as an answer to arguments often raised against the bill as passed by the house. Ronald, who has played a prominent part in advancing the voluntary domestic iallotment plan, expressed his views in a. letter to Senator Norbeck (R., S. D.) Under the Ronald proposal responsibility for obtaining prescribed acreage reductions would be placed with the states. Only if a stat« made the required curtailment of production would it De eligible to recede the allotment money for distribiition among its producers. Many Commodities Included. The plan as it passed the house Januar>- 12 provides for a tax on the miller, packer or other processor of wheat cotton, tobacco, hogs, i-ice, peanuts, and dairy products, the money to be paid to farmers who cut production 20 per cent. These allotments would be an amount sufficient to give the farmer the pre-war price on that share of his produce which goes into domestic consumption. One of the main criticisms of the plan has been, Ronald noted, that it woiJttl involve great expense because of tlie large force that would be needed to check up on acreage reductions. • Another argument against it. he said, was that it "would be likely to give too much power to the adminr istration and set up a dictatorship or bureaucracy." To meet these two arguments, Ronald proposed "to work out the plan on the same general, basis as federal aid to highways." I am proposing," he said, "that each, state be authorized to advise the secretary of agriculture as to any limitation on production and this in practice would mean that the states would speak for the producers in each case. ' . Both Disadvantages Met. . "In this way we would meet both of the arguments outlined above. There would be no dictatorship because each state would be counseling with the secretary of agriculture or whoever the administrator would be. There would be no bureaucracy because the secretary of agriculture would simply specify the terms and conditions imder ,whlch each state would qualify fot its share in the Dr. Sutton Addresses Crowd at Topics Meet Kansas City Physician and Big Game Hunter Describes Experiences on Expedition Into Arctic Waters Last Summer as Gift to His Daughter. Dr. Richard L. Sutton, phjcSlclBn and big game himter of national reputation, spoke before several hundred": lolans, members of the Current Topics club and their guests, in tlie Baptist temple last night, describing his expedition to the Arctic last year. The trip was carried out as a birthday gift to his daughter. Miss Emmy Lou Suttcm. Ladies of the Baptist church served dinner in the temple, following which the auditorium was thrown open to the public and before the lecture started every seat on both the main floor and the balcony was'taken. By the conclusion of the address, standing room at points of vantage was nearly all gone. Dr. Sutton, speaking in his rapid- fire manner, began with an account of their Itinerary, which led them from Kansas City to Norway, Spitz- tariff adjustment! fund. "This would relieve congress of deciding the question of control of production and properly leave to the various states and the secretary of agriculture a decision each year as to whether or not' for the common good any such reduction or limitation should be specified "The house bill-has been criticized as requiring that ever>- farm be policed. It is true that it does in considerable degree suletitute coercion for cooperation....... "The state-unit method I am pro- ITOsing would substitute for penal- (Cimtinued on Page 6, Coi. 3.) HOPE TOR DEBTORS Methods Under Reform Measure Reported Today Are Explained Erie, Pa.. Jan. ' 24. (AP)—Tom Mix's hair-raising . stunts in the }-inovies are the result of trick photography. Johnny Agee, veteran circus horseman who worked with Mix in many films, testified today - in Zack T. Miller 's damage suit. Agee was called as a witness to. bolster defense claims that Mix's worth as an attraction has de- Creased greatly iri a wild west show. Miller, former 101 ranch operator, alleges Mix broke a verbal contract to go with his show in 1929. •When we were making 'Hidden Gold' the script called for Tom to ride through a blaEing forest." Agee said. "The trees were moved to the studio lot from a nearby woods. soaked with gasoline and a buiich of us stood by to pull down the trees jput forward* another just after Mix rode through. We had to re-t^ke the shot five times before timing it right." "Again, when we were filming 'My Pal the King." Mix was supposed to lift a king out of a dungeon with his belt. We were holding his knees so he wouldn't topple into the dungeon himself and we pulled the king out with wires attached to Tom's wrists. Those torrents of water pouring into the dungeon were supplied by me. ladling, it out of a cradle, from above. "In the same picture, Tom was supposed to swing on a rope from a parapet and crash through a castle window to capture the villain. It wasn't Mix at all. A double was used and the window was made of candy. "Mix's success in the films lies in his ability to write dialogue, direct, and select scenic locations." he said. "Buck Jones, Edward Hendershot, Jack Hoxie, and Prank Gustie, other movie cowboys, are all better ropers and riders than he," Washington, Jan. 24.' (AP)—Here is how individual debtors, including farmers, would get relief through the reform bankruptcy bill reported today to the house. Hemay flle a petition with a federal district court, stating he[ is insolvent or unable to ^ay maturing debts, and ask more time, or a scaling down of his indebtedness to his capacity to pay. •The court takes steps to insure supervision of the estate pending approval or rejection of the plan presented. The debtor's application shall be formally filed in a bankruptcy court after it has beeii accepted in writing by a majority of all the creditors. • If they reject the plan, however, provision is made for the debtor to arrangement for financial rehabilitation. .The court may accept this if it is con- \'inced it is fair and to the best interests of all concerned. The terms of the debtor's proposal may affect both secured or unsecured debts and may provide for supervision by the courts or a creditor's committee during the period for which it is in effect. Provisions of the present law which make consent of a farmer necessary before he goes into bankruptcy are retained in the bill. Fees for carrying out the plan are limited to $2 for the clerk 's fee; $10 for the referee in cases where the assets are $10,000 or less and $5 for each additional $5,000 or fraction above $10,000. The fee for filing a petition is $5. The court is to appoint at least one referee In each county to take care of debtors. . The bill is intended to prevent the forcing of individual debtors Into bankruptcy with consequeiit dissipation of his assets. TECHNOCRACY STRIKES SNAG Scott Determined to Carry On Despite Secession of Rautenstrauch New York. Jan. 24. (AP)—Chief technocrat Howard Scott, • shaken by revolt and secession that ousted him and technocracy fi-om Column bla university's halls, was determined today that the "work shall_ go on." Renouncing some of! "the statements and attitudes" of Scott, Prof. Walter Rautenstrauch of Columbia and three associates who had been prime movers in the technocrac>' group withdrew last night. They would • continue their researches into certain economic matters, they said, but not imder the name technocracy. "As far as we are concerned, said Rautenstrauch, "technocracy ceases to exist and Scott will not work here (at Columbia) any longer." ' " Jobless Given Work. Under Scott's direction more than 100 jobless architects and engineers have been carrying on an "enfergy survey of North America" at Columbia, which, however, merely gave the technocrats space to work In and had no official connection with technocracy. The suirvey has been assisted by unemplojTnent relief funds. The unemploj-ed will continue research at the university as. a "scholarly enterprise." Scott, a tall, fluent "man of mystery," has l>een ill of influenza recently and last night he was in seclusion at his home. His wife reported he was overcome by excitement, but later he annoimced that his work would continue. He promised a more detailed statement later. BursU Into Limelight. The big schism In technocracy was the latest news In a development that came imder discussion, almost overnight, all over this country and much of the world. Technocracy's contentions that the whole economic system is threatened by increasing technological imemploy- ment and debt have been debated in hamlet and metropolis. One of Scott's latest pronoimcements was that if priesent trends continued, America would liave 20 million un- emploj^d injia months. !Aside from declaring that "the idea is bigger than any individual; the work will go on," Scott refused comment. A picturesque figure, weighing more than 200 pounds and wearing a flowing necktie, he has been steadfastly averse the past few weeks to interviews or to having his picture takenl His wife a tall, blonde womaii, guards the door of his small apartment In West Twentieth street and admits only his closest friends. Half of Committee Quits. Four of the eight members of the committee on technocracy signed the withdrawal statement. Besides Professor Rautenstrauch they are: Leon Henderson, housing expert of the Russell Sage Foundation; Ferdinand L. Ackerman, architect, and Bassett Jones, Inventor, Industrial engineer, and] counsel. After declaring "the misunderstanding and confusion concerning the alms and objects of technocracy have caused us much concern," they said: "The fundamental data on which we have based our own principal statements, and the laws of growth in Industry, we believe to be soimd and in accord with the recorded fapts of recognized authorities." SNEEZING MAY PROVE FATAL. Woman Wracked, by Spasms From 18 to 25 Times Per Minute. Princeton, Ky., Jan. 24. (AP)— Sneezing at the rate of between' 18 and 25 times per minute,-according to physicians, Mrs. Lonnle Dickson, 48, passed the 31-hour mark at noon, today and her sneezing had shown no signs of abatement. Her physicians. Dr. W. T. ISdtse and Dr. W. L. Cash, said that unless Mrs. Dicksoii is given some relief the ailment will prove fatal in a short time. Sedatives administered thus far have given little re- Uef. .Isergen and as far north as the eighty-second parallel, back to Norway, through Lapland, and even into Russia. His party was composed of ihlmself, Mrs. Sutton, Emmy Lou, and Richard Jr., lUs daughter- and son. • After siunmarizing his trip, slides made from photographs taken on the expedition were projected on a screen erected over the pulpit of Jthe church, and Dr. Sutton com- inented on each one as it was shown. The pictures depicted virtually every stage of the expedition from the time they left Norway until they abandoned the ship, which they had chartered for the siunmer, to conclude their journeys on land. Flashed on the screen In rapid succession, the slides showed many views of the Arctic shores they passed by, the midnight sun which shown continuously the day around, ice fields, and the game which the (Buttons were after—seal, walrus, polar bear, and many varieties of Arctic bird life. Pictures of whales which they saw taken were also shown. • . Dr. Sutton's remarks about Russia and the Russians, whom they visited at a per capita cost of $80 daily, evoked considerable Interest from many'persons In the audience. "Tlie Russians are everything the Norwegians are not." the doctor said. "In all my travels I have never seen a more friendly and hospitable peo- (Continued on Page 6, Coi. 8.) DEBTS PORTAL THROWN OPEN BY ROOSEVELT All Nations Not! in Default May Be Invited To Capital Parleys ITALY AND BRITAIN Other Offers Expected to Be Made to Four Remaining Powers Washington, Jan. 24 (AP)—It was announced at the state department today that Lithuania and Czechoslovakia had beeh ' granted requests by authority of President-elect-Roosevelt for a! discussion of debts and economic problems imder the same conditions arranged for Great Britain. JOINT GROUP TO DECIDE TAC BILL Compromise Bill for Cutting Auto Licenses Is In the Making Topeka, Jan. 24. (AP)—The task of drafting a compromise plan for reductions in automobile : license fees was delegated today to a joint house and senate sub-committee. The group was named at an executive session of the senate and house roads and highways committees last night at which the administration and various other proposed reduced schedules were discussed. Members of the sub-committee: Senators Rees (R.) of Emporia, and McCarthy (D) of Mankato: and Representatives Blood (R) of Sedgwick, Rhodes (R) of Marshall and Allen (D) of Gray. Members of the committee predicted that the bill which probably would be presented to the house and senate would call for a schedule of fees based on both the age and weight of vehicles. Governor Alfred M. Landon has proposed a schedule beginning with a 60-cent minimum for automobiles weighing less than 2,100 poimds, with 75 cents added for each additional 100 pounds. The bill also is expected to. propose increases in truck fees. Meanwhile, a proposal for the abolishment of the Kansas highway commission was pending in the senate. A bill introduced late yesterday by Senator Oyler (D) of lola, called for the return of the responsibility for consti-uction and maintenance of the highway system to the counties. The work would be financed by gasoline tax and motor vehicle registration fee collections In each coimty. Senator Oyler also introduced a resolution proposing a legislative Investigation of the slate grain inspection department. Two "farm ; relief" resolutions adopted by the house earlier in the session were reiwrted adversely by the senate judiciary committee after hearing them indorsed by si)okes- men for Kansas farm organizations. Onu was the Cowden resolution memorializing congress , to reduce the gold content of the dollar. The other, the Gerstenberger resolution, addressed a petition' to congress urging creation of a federal agency to, refinance farm indebtedness at not to exceed three per cent on a long- term amortization plan "until such time when the prices of farm commodities reach a price level comparable to the prewar period of 1909 to 1914." WAR ON SOVIET FAR.M ENE^IY Any Person Hindering Planting May Be Executed, Stalin Orders. .Sante Fe Saperintendent Dies. Arkansas City, Jan. 24. (AP)— James E, McMahon, 67, division superintendent of the Santa Fe, died here last night after a long illness. Moscow, Jan. 24. (AP)—Calling for a merciless fight against "sa- botelrs" in the North Caucasian agricultural region, scene of the recent mass exile of peasantrj'. Joseph V. Stalin and V. M. Molotoff today decreed the death penally to persons actively hindering preparatory work in spring planting. The Commimlst chieftain ahd President Molotoff, titular head of the Soviet pnion. warned the rural party and government officials that they would be dealt with as abettors If they show such elements any leniency: Demanding stricter "labor discip- lliie," the decree also prescribed exile or expulsion from collective farms of la:zy and apathetic peasants. It empowered the village Soviets to compel mobilization of the peasantry, If necessary, to clear cultivated areas of weeds preceding the sowing. (An unusual increase in the extent of state and collective farms was shown last year and the principal problem before the Soviet union this year is to find relief for a serious food shortage. Stalin recently called for increased activity against the Kulaks, or independent farmers.) Washington, Jan. 24. (AP)—The debt discussion door was thrown wide open today by the incoming Roosevelt administration to all debtor powers which are not in default On their December 15 payments. The Invitation to Premier Mussolini which was announced today in Rome was extended by Secretarj- Stlmson yesterday on behalf of the president-elect and Is similar to that given to Great Britain last Friday. An Invitation Is expected to be given shortly to Czechoslovakia. Finland, Latvia and Lithuania, the only ot"her debtors which stand In the preferred class with Great Britain because of their payments on December 15. No official announcement has been made as to the Roosevelt attitude toward the defaulting powers headed by France and including Belgium, Poland, Estonia. While there have been intimations that these powers eventually will be given hearings the impression prevails that the prompt payers will have first consideration. Czechoslorakia the First. ^ Czechoslovakia was the first • of the debtor powers to make inquiries about the invitation extended to Great Britain. Ferdinand Veverka, the Gzechoslovakian minister, sought information at the state department last Saturday,- eonceming the invitation extended the day before to Great" Britain, and there is reason to believe Czechoslovakia will Ije isked to a conference very shortly. ' ' Several-of the countries that paid their December 15 ^installments attached with the payment a note asking for reconsideration of the debt ^erms. Italy was among these. While no word came today from the si ate- department regarding the procedure that would be followed in dealing -with these coimtries. the joint i statement of President Hoover and President-elect Roosevelt after their recent tjonferenle prescribed a coiu'se of procedure. • This called for dealing with not only the war debt problem but a consideration of ways and means of improving the world economic situation. Italy After England. Discussions between Italy and the United States will foUow those with Great Britain. There is no disposition here now to have formal discussions with two powers going on simultaneously, as it Is I felt this might develop In a way into ^ a sort of general conference. Thq Roosevelt,administration has indicated it desires to adhere to the Hoover policy that all the debt discussions shall be with individual powers, In an authoritative soiuxse, it was stated today that this administration had not yet been finally in- formedi as to how far the Imitations fOr debt discussions would extend among European countries. This decision, it was said, now restsj with President-elect Roosevelt, and his final word has not yet been relayed to- present admlnlstratibn leaders. This assertion seemingly was made with the defaulting nations In view. Mr. Roosevelt Is believed here to harbor no resentment against France, for Instance, over Its failure to make the December 15 installment, which he views as a deferment rather than In the nature of a default. INAUGURAL PARADE TO BE LIMITED TO 10,000. Washington, Jan. 24. (AP)—A two-hour Inaugural parade, limited to about 10,000 marchers, was decided .upoqr today by the inaugural committee. Tentative plans call for four divisions to be led General John J. Pershing as grand marshal. . i The first will be composed of units of the armj-, navy, coast guard and marines. The second will embrace governors of the states. Then win come the national guard, organized reserves, officers reserves, and representa- , tives of the citizen's military training camps. The final division will consist of patriotic, fraternal, civic, and political marching units. The committee said . that it might be necessary to reduce participating groups below full strength to keep-the procession within the fixed limits, i The line of inarch, changed slightly from other yearsi In order to speed up the movemeiit of paraders, will be: from the east front of the capltol to Constitution avenue; west iq Pennsylvania avenue; wvst on Pennsylvania avenue to >':,fteenth street; north onPifteci.rn street to Pennsylvania avenue and thence to' Twentieth street. Rome, Jan. 24. (AP)—Afternoon •newspapers hailed the United States invitation to Italy to discuss debts. Editorials, government inspired, left no doubt that Italy would;accept the Invitation. Glomale D'ltaUa said, "it Is unnecessary to say that the Italian nation will prepare for the forthcoming conference-with the same sentiment of loyalty and cordial friendship which ^always has guided the -pohtical course of Premier Mussolini's government towards the United State* and also as regards the debt problem." CHARmES OFFICE STORMED Police Called to QueU Attack of 300 Persons in Cleveland Cleveland, O., Jan. 24 (AP)—Three hundred persons stormed a branch office of the Associated Charities here today, and 10 squads of police were called to quell the disturbance. Injuries were confined to fainting from tear gas and minor bruises. The police were-called after speech makers in front of the offices were reported by charities supervisors to have urged the crowd to action. Twenty-five employes of the th&T- ities branch were treated in the offices after being affected by tear gas. Five men and five women were arrested. EACH NATION A SEPARATE CASE President-Elect to Deal With Each Individually In Coming Parleys. Warm Springs, Ga., Jan. 24. (AP) —President-elect Roosevelt has given authority to Secretary Stimson to arrange separate conferences with European debtor nations who have met their obligations and are now requesting opportimity to talk over relief. Standing by his policy that all debtors should always have access to creditors, Mr. Roosevelt nevertheless is going to have no general conference on war debts. He will take each nation separately and deal with It personally. News that Italy has requested and received authority for a debt discussion came as no surprise here. Other • debtor nations are expected to Join in the parade but there is no general invitation and no specific invitation going out from here. The first moves are coming from abroad. Economics Go Wth Debts. - Undoubtedly, as in the case of Great Britain, the Democratic president-elect is going to link the forthcoming economic conference wltri debts. In other words It seems obvious he will do some bargaining with'the debtors. If they want relief he wants assurances of general cooperat(on on a program aimed at world stabilization which he hopes to get from the economic parley. •While Mr. Stimson has an order, from Mr. Roosevelt to arrange debt conferences with only those nations which have met their obligations it is not regarded that the' door is closed to those who defaulted on the last December 15 payment. Including France and Belgium. It is understood that Mr. Roosevelt regards the failure on the December 15 payment more'as a deferment than a default. This leaves the way clear for negotiations by those nations for some settlement on that payment and subseqiient action on future paj'inents. The appearance here today at the Roosevelt cottage of Bernard M. Baruch, New York financier and economist, was linked with the impending debts apd economic discussions. He was invited here. No Hint Fi^m Roosevelt. Just how far the new administration Is willing to go on extending relief on; the war debts is unknown. Mr. Roosevelt, who will do his own negotiating has given not the slightest hint of his plans. _It can be said however, that .some of those In his |ntlmate council on this question have dlscu.ssed a postponement of payment* for the period of the depression. Tiere will be no cancellation, tliat Ls (-ortain and final. Talk of lump sum pa.ments to wipe out the whole vexing problem has been heard in the Roosevelt coimcils also. However, this has almost been discarded for two reasons, first,lit is not believed that the debtors are-able to make a lump sum payment that would be regarded adequate; second, it Is felt the debts are just obligations and must be kept on the books and if ever wiped out this countrj* must get something in return. The president-elect believes in the old Yankee theory of "horse-trading" and Is fully confident of his ability to bargain with the statesmen of Europe. U. S. BEER NOT INTOmTI ^Gi BRITISH CLAIM English; Report Says Four Pints of 4% Brew Isln- toxiqating, However EFFEdT STUDIED TOO Single Dose Impaiijs Performance of Any Act Requiring Precision Washington, Jan. 2i. (AP)—Attention has been centered on, the control board of Great Biritali\ on what constitutes an intjoxica-tlng liquor by the senate judicikry-pom- mittee's adoption of its findings. The committee fixed the pertnis- sable alcoholic content in ithe fcol- lier-Blalne beer and wine bill at-S.OS per cent by weight. This percentage was held by the official Brjtish commission after an exhaikstiv^, inquiry, to be hon-intoxicating. The commission found that ','ahy form of a,icoholIc liquor can cause drunkermess. If such a quatitity of It is taken, at once or within a sport time, as w^ill lead to the pi'eseniie of the drug in the blood above a;certain proportion, which in the .case of the avefage healthy adu t may be put pro \Tslonally at from 0.15 tp .02 per cent."" "The smaller percentage, it fdund. would be produced by a gill and a half of whiskey at proof |0r ^ore than four-pints of 4 per cent beer. "Proof" Nearly Ilalf-an I-Half. An appendix to the repon .explained that whiskey "at proof" contains 49.28 per cent of alcohol by. weight and 57.10 per cent by voluine. Senate ' leaders today predicted early,consideration of legisl|atiori designed to : change the pijohibltlon laws, In view of indications <fi a break in the long debate on ' the Glass banking bill. However, afjpro- priation bills will have the right of way and there is a chance the beer and wine bill and reiwal resolijtlon might get. caught in a legislative jam. " A study was made by the-British commission into the effecti of alcohol as a food, on the mind, the muscles, the digestion, the respiration,, the body tfemperature, its J olsoii action, its use as -a mediclnt, anfl Its result on longevity. v Among Its findings were y Single Dose Enough. j'A sing-e! dose—about 2 k oi^ces ofl whiskey at proof, or 1^ piiWS of be|pr, In an;4dult accustonied'liq;' the m9derate use of alcohol,' es erts yttle or'no appreciable infuence on/the performanpe of him of a mus^'Ular act of slmf>le character not deniiind- ing precision. ^ "For acts requiring skill he inference seems to be that their performance tends to be temporarily Impaired after a dose- of even less » • "The tal;ing'of alcohol (Jurlni, or as a preliminary to, prolc nged\ex­ posure to C0I4, Is on eveijj' groUnd to be co 'ndemaed. 'When, on , the other han^, tlie exposure to coB Is at an end, and the victim has ^een placed under gonditions 'promoting warmth, the, lise of alcohol i;may have real -\'alue." Good For Medicine. Alcohol-'-whfen properly bsed.'^is a genuirie therapeutic agent. li Its use In other "connections were^im- known. It W'oi^ld still be a valiiable item in the pljarmacopaela." "Its true Utility, however, issua­ ble to be obscured by the unthinking attributloii to it of various activities which it does not po^ssess and by the popular custom oi le- coufse to it In almost everj' kind of emergency. j , The telnperato consumptlot^ - of alcohol . .-. m.^y be consldijred to be physiologically harmless In the.'cdse of the large majority of normat adults. ! On the other hand it Is certainly true that alcoholic beverages aije in no way necessary for hea'lthy life; that they: are harmful or (jiang^ousi If the above mentioned pjjecau^.ions are not observed; further. that cthey are definitely Injurious for chlMren and for most persons of nervou^ system. . . .' unstable NO STATE MONEY FOU BUGGY. Legislature Refuses to Buy Carriage for Landons. Baby Topeka, Jan. 24. (AP)—The legislature turned thumbs down today on a proposal that It appropriate $50 for the piychase of a baby carriage for Governor Alfred M. Landon's 6-months-old daughter, Nancy Josephine;. ^ ,' The house?ways and mean? committee reported adversely a resolution proposmg the appropriation; Governor Landon won't be disappointed, because he had bought one carriage for the baby and said he wouldn't need another, The resolution was offered by Representative Caldwel Davis (D) of Bourbon county, brother of former Governor Jonathan Davis. IP YOU MISS THE REGISTER CALL 157 OB W. CHANG TO ABDiCAtE? War Lord of North China Between Frying Pan and the iFire. Shanghai, China, Jan. 24. (AiP)— Chang HslaorLlang, reports from Peiping and Tientsin said today. Is ready to: step out as wai lorfl- of North China,: lea-iing the l;adeft of the nati^nar government to haiidle the present crisis themselves. There : was' no verification 'for these reportsi: but Chang Is, between two fires—If,he fights he ma^ be destroyed by,' the Japanese, and If he doesii't he may be riilned by sentiment in-China. The dispatches tell of dlssatWfac- tion among tjie North China r,illl- tarists with Caiang's handling of; the present situation. Their discontent has reached such a point, it is ^d* that they are ready to overthrow the young ma'rshal and repface him with men xipcn whom' they I­ pend to resist; the Japanese advance more strenubusly. , I One candidate, it was ;Saldr is Feng Yu-Hslt(ng, defeated once in a bitter campaign in Honan by Chfang Kai-Shefe, and now Installed somewhere oh th? Mongolian fron|ler. Yen Si-(;han,;the dictator of Shansi province who'opposed the National govemm(5nt ih 1930 In the battlefields ofi shantung, is another. • Chang-Hsiao-Liang wept to Nan­ king last week, ostensibly at the invitatioh of | National government authorities'who wanted to unite all ,factional interests, but it is reported now th^t ,his real piupose ] was to demand financing from the National government, ind to abdicatie, placing the; blame upon Nanking,-: If funds were not Xorthcomlng.j :

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